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ICTL For Secondary School - HARDWARE Module


Self Access Learning Module

ICT Literacy for Secondary School

Computer Hardware


ICTL For Secondary School - HARDWARE Module


Curriculum Development Centre Ministry of Education Malaysia

ICTL For Secondary School - HARDWARE Module

1. 2. a. b. c. d.

Name of Module:

Computer Parts & Components - Peripherals

Learning Outcomes: The students should be able to:

state the definition of peripheral identify different types of peripherals state examples different types of peripherals explain the functions of each peripheral 3. Knowledge and Skills:

a. b.

identify main computer components identify different types of peripherals


Module Summary: At the end of the module, students should be able to know the functions of each peripheral This module contains 2 activities: Activity 1: Activity 2: Definition of peripheral Different types & functions of peripheral

ICTL For Secondary School - HARDWARE Module

Activity 1: Definition & types of peripheral a. PERIPHERAL DEVICE Peripheral (Figure 1) are pieces of computer hardware that are added to a host computer, i.e. any hardware except the computer, in order to expand its abilities. Most of those devices are optional in nature. External hardware devices attached to the computer are called peripheral equipments. There are three types of peripheral: Input devices Output devices Storage devices b. INPUT DEVICES Input devices are any electronic device that are connected to a computer and produces input signals. Figure 2 shows some examples of computer input devices
Figure 1 Examples of peripherals


Figure 2 Examples of Input Devices


Output devices are the result of data processing activity when it is presented externally to the system. It is a hardware that is capable of delivering or showing information to one or more users. The output from a computer can be in printed or displayed form (see Figure 3).

Figure 3 Examples of Output Devices

ICTL For Secondary School - HARDWARE Module

d. STORAGE DEVICES Computer storage is the holding of data in an electromagnetic form, for access by a computer processor. Information and documents are stored in a computer storage so that it can be retrieved whenever they are needed later on. Figure 4 are examples of storage

Hard Disk

Diskettes & CDs

Thumb Drivers

Figure 4 Examples of Storage Devices

ICTL For Secondary School - HARDWARE Module

Activity 2: a.

Different types & the functions of peripheral

Printers A printer is an output device to print text or graphics on mediums such as paper, transparency film or even cloths. A photo printer is a colour printer that produces photo-quality pictures.

Figure 5 Examples of printers

ICTL For Secondary School - HARDWARE Module

b. Scanners A scanner is a device that analyzes images, printed text, handwriting, or objects (such as an ornament) and changes it into a digital image. The flatbed scanner is the most common in offices. Hand-held scanners, are popular but no longer used due the difficulty in obtaining high-quality image.


The bar code scanner consists of a scanner, a decoder, and a that interfaces between the decoder to the computer or terminal. scanner's function is to scan the bar code symbol and provide an electrical output to the computer that corresponds to the bars and spaces of the bar code.

cable The

The handheld scanners were extremely popular as they were cheap and relatively simple. However, the handheld scanner is not particularly accurate, usually has a maximum resolution of 600 dpi and can be quite difficult to use. Their main drawback is the limited scanning area and, whilst they are handy for scanning small images and narrow columns of text.

The Sheet Fed Scanner designed to scan individual sheets of paper automatically in much the same way as a fax machine. Their main advantage is that they have a small footprint, but this is frequently negated by the need to output the scanned paper directly onto the desktop.

( source

ICTL For Secondary School - HARDWARE Module


LCD Projector LCD projector is a type of video projector for displaying video, images or computer data on a screen or other flat surface such as on to a wall or screen. It is a modern slide projector.

F Figure 7 - LCD Projector


Digital cameras Digital cameras are electronic devices used to capture and store photographs digitally. They use memory card instead of photographic film like conventional cameras or recording images in an analog format to magnetic tape like many video cameras. Modern compact digital cameras are typically multifunctional, with some devices capable of recording sound and video as well as photographs.

Digital Camera

ICTL For Secondary School - HARDWARE Module


External CD Drives The external DVD/CD-RW combo drive functions as a DVD player, a CD-RW drive and a CD-ROM drive. This allows you to install computer applications, files, music and movies on CD. It is easy to be carried around.

E External CD Drives


External Storages External storage is an alternative storage. It is very useful to store programs and data for future use. The storage is required for two reasons: 1. 2. The working memory of the CPU is limited in size and cannot always hold the amount of data required. Data and programmes in storage do not disappear when the power is turned off.

H Hard Disk

T Thumb Drive

D Diskette

C CD-Rom

Z Zip Disk

F Flash Memory

M Memory Stick

Smart Chip

External Storage

ICTL For Secondary School - HARDWARE Module

Label the figures shown below and write your answers on the lines given. You may use the words given below to help you. CD or DVD External hard disk Tape drive Miniature hard disk Zip disk Flash memory card USB Flash drive

1. _________

2. _________

3. __________

4. _________


ICTL For Secondary School - HARDWARE Module

5. _________

6. _________

7. _________


ICTL For Secondary School - HARDWARE Module

Exercise 2
Look at the pictures given. Then, name the devices and state their functions. Devices Name of devices Functions


ICTL For Secondary School - HARDWARE Module

Reference Cashman, S. (2006) Discovering Computers 2006. USA : Thomson Course Technology. Ibrahim Ahmad, Mohd Hafiz et al (2007) Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Based on SPM Syllabus. Selangor: Venton Publishing (M) Sdn Bhd. NCC Education (2002) Computer Studies, Computer Ace. Sri Lanka : Computer Pioneers. Basic Computing (2003) by TMEdu Tech (M) Sdn Bhd CD courseware ICT