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CONDITIONAL I - forfilled, or will be forfilled(situacije koje de biti ostvarene, sa vjerovatnodom MANJOM OD 100%) CONDITIONAL 0 situations with 100% certainness

s to come true or forfill (situacije za koje smo sigurni da de se 100% ostvariti) CONDITIONAL II multi-type, used for unreal or imaginary situations (imaginarne, nemogude situacije, nestvarne, matanje) CONDITIONAL III situations that cannot be forfilled with 100% certainness, because of specific limitations (situacije koje je nemogude ostvariti, nede se desiti 100%) IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE EXAMPLES: CONDITIONAL I PRESENT SIMPLE WILL + INFINITIVE (MAY,MUST,CAN,SHELL) If she callS me, I WILL visit her.; If you learn hard, you will pass the exam. CONDITIONAL 0 PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT SIMPLE If you heat the water, it boils.; If you leave groceries out of fridge, it waists. CONDITIONAL II PAST SIMPLE WOULD + INFINITIVE (COULD, MIGHT, SHOULD) If I were a bird, I would fly away.; If I won lottery, I would buy apartment in B. CONDITIONAL III PAST PERFECT(III) WOULD + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE - ED If he had been alive, he wouldnt have allowed you to do that to me. INDIRECT SPEECH U pretvaranju neijeg iskaza (izjave) direktnog govora, moraju se potovati pravila: a. PRVO, moramo imati UVODNI GLAGOL, I u engl., I u srpskom jeziku. b. DRUGO, primjenjuju se sljedea pravila o slaganju vremena: USLOV: DA JE UVODNI GLAGOL U PROSTOM (SADANJEM) VREMENU!!! PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT CONTINUUS PRESENT PERFECT PAST SIMPLE PAST CONTINUUS PAST PERFECT FUTURE (WILL) PAST SIMPLE PAST CONTINUUS PAST PERFECT SIMPLE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE PAST PERFECT CONTINUUS ? FUTURE (WOULD) SHE SPEAKS GERMAN SHE IS SPEAKING GERMAN SHE HAS SPOKEN GERMAN SHE SPOKE GERMAN SHE WAS SPEAKING GERMAN SHE WILL SPEAK GERMAN SHE SAID THAT SHE SPOKE GERMAN SHE SAID THAT SHE WAS SPEAKING GERMAN SHE SAID THAT SHE HAD SPOKEN GERMAN SHE SAID THAT SHE HAD SPOKEN GERMAN SHE SAID THAT SHE HAS BEEN SPEAKING GERMAN SHE SAID THAT SHE WOULD SPEAK GERMAN.

I LIKE CHOCOLATE SHE SAID THAT SHE LIKED CHOCOLATE. SHE VISITS ME. SHE SAID THAT SHE VISITED ME. I AM LIKING CHOCOLATE. SHE SAID THAT SHE WAS LIKING CHOCOLATE. SHE IS VISITING ME. SHE SAID THAT SHE WAS VISITING ME. SHE SAID THAT SHE HAD VISITED ME. I HAVE LIKED CHOCOLATE. SHE SAID THAT SHE HAD LIKED CHOCOLATE. SHE HAS VISITED ME. I LIKED CHOCOLATE. SHE SAID THAT SHE HAD LIKED CHOCOLATE. SHE VISITED ME. SHE SAID THAT SHE HAD VISITED ME. I WAS LIKING CHOCOLATE. SHE SAID THAT SHE HAS BEEN LIKING CHOCOLATE. SHE WAS VISITING ME. SHE SAID THAT SHE HAS BEEN VISITING ME. I WILL LIKE CHOCOLATE. SHE SAID THAT SHE WOULD LIKE CHOCOLATE. SHE WILL VISIT ME. SHE WOULD VISIT ME. INDIRECT QUESTIONS ako direktno pitanje poinje upitnom rijeju (WHO, WHICH, WHEN, WHERE, WHY, HOW),onda ta upitna rje ostaje u indirektnom govoru. When will you come? She asked when I would come? A ako ne poinje upitnom rijeju, onda uvodimo veznik IF/WEATHER, EX: Did you see Jamie? She asked me if I had seen Jamie? INDIRECT COMANDS ex: Give me your licence he TOLD/ORDERED me to give him my licence. Open the window He TOLD me to open the window. Not panic He told me NOT to panic.

PASSIVE VOICE SUBJECT + AUXILLIARY WERB - TO BE ( AM,IS,ARE, NOT, THEY) + MAIN VERB (PAST PARTICIPLE) ED We use pasive when: a. We want to make the ACTIVE SUBJECT more important, ex: President Kennedy was killed by Lee Oswald. b. We do not know the active subject. ex: He was killed with a gun. We can form the passive in any tense. In fact, conjugation of verbs in the passive thense is rather easy, as the main verb is always in PAST PARTICIPLE FORM and the auxilliary verb is always BE (am, is, are, they). EXAMPLE: PRESENT PAST: FUTURE: - Present simple: It is made. Past simple: It is washed. Simple future: It will be washed. - Present continuus: It is beeing made. Past continuus: It was beeing washed. Simple future con.It will be beeing washed - Present perfect: it has been made. Past perfect: It had been beeing washed. Future perf.simp.: It will have been washed. - Present perfect continuus: it has been beeing made. Past perfect continuus: It had been beeing washed. Perf.cont.future:It will have been beeing washed - Future: it will be made. Present vs. Passive past vs. passive Present simple: she writes a letter. a letter is written(by her). Past simple she wrote a letter a letter was written Present continuus: she is writting a letter a letter is beeing written. Past continuus she was writting a letter a letter was beeing written. Present perfect she has written a letter a letter has been written. Past perfect she had written a letter a letterr had been written. ADVERB PRILOG (THERE, ONLY, ADJECTIVE PRIDJEV (positive,comparative, superlative) Ex. Old older the oldest Expensive more expensive the most expensive Good better the best Little lesser the least Much(many) more the most Far further the furthest NOUN IMENICA VERB GLAGOL CONJUNCTION VEZNICI (AND, BUT, OR, AFTER,SINCE,BECOUSE, THAT, BOTH...AND, NEITHER...OR, EITHER...OR, WHETHER...OR, NOT ONLY...BUT ALSO) ARTICLE LANOVI (THE definite article, A,AN indefinite article) AM, IS, ARE, YOU, THEY (AUXILLIARY VERB TO BE) past: WAS/WERE OBJECT PHRASE (TIME EXPRESSION) PRILOSKA ODREDBA ZA VRIJEME, EX. NOW, TOMMOROW, LATER MODAL VERB: PRESENT FUTURE PAST DA SE IZRAZI: CAN BE ABLE TO COULD SPOSOBNOST MAY MAY HAVE MIGHT DOZVOLA MUST HAD HAD OBAVEZA OUGHT TO OUGHT TO OUGHT TO BLAA OBAVEZA, PRETPOSTAVKA