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Salvatore Loreto

Sean Moore

elcome to the eighth installment of the Design and Implementation (D&I) Series. The goal of the D&I Series is to facilitate knowledge transfer between industry-oriented engineers and scientists. To differentiate from other peer-reviewed, academically rigorous articles on communications technologies, the focus of D&I articles is primarily on the Lessons Learned information gained while designing, implementing, and deploying new communications products, services, and solutions. Lessons Learned information includes mistakes, tradeoffs, re-designs, re-engineering, bugs, protocol and standards inadequacies, inefficiencies, interoperability issues, and other negative results. Traditionally, such results are considered non-publishable by academia, and trade secrets or competitive intelligence by industry but in fact these results are quite valuable to IEEE members and should be openly shared. The Communications Societys industry members can use them to potentially reduce time and cost for their similar projects while improving quality; academic researchers can use them as motivation for future research or standardization work. This installments two articles cover three of the most active areas in telecommunications today: cloud computing, IP multimedia subsystem (IMS), and wireless sensor networks (WSNs). The D&I Series has published multiple IMS- and WSN-related articles, but the cloud-computingrelated article is a first. We expect many others during the next few years while the cloud computing model is adopted by telecommunications service providers. Cloud Computing: Shirlei Chaves, Rafael Uriarte, and Carlos Westphall of the Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil, contributed Toward an Architecture for Monitoring Private Clouds. Although many cloud computing solutions and services are now available, cloud management and monitoring solutions have not kept pace. Large Internet cloud providers have developed their own management and monitoring solutions, and have not made them generally available as open source. This is an impedi-

ment for enterprises that want to deploy clouds in their private networks, and also for new (small) businesses seeking to offer Internet cloud services. Chaves and her coauthors discuss how they built an enterprise cloud management and monitoring solution, PCMONS, in which all the components are open source. The Lessons Learned were (a) that the choice of programming language affects the efficiency of integrating the open source components, and (b) open-source components do not necessarily implement relevant standards, so select your components judiciously and plan to invest some R&D to make them compliant with your standards. IMS and WSN: Hou Rucheng, Fatna Belqasmi, Roch Glitho, and Ferhat Khendek of Concordia University a frequent contributor to the D&I Series, particularly in IMS-related technologies offer The Design and Implementation of Architectural Components for the Integration of the IP Multimedia Subsystem and Wireless Actuator Networks. Integration of IMS and wireless sensor/actuator networks (WSANs) is critical to enabling new applications in extreme environment monitoring, ambient environments, smart buildings and cities, emergency management, and home automation, among others. Concordia proposes two new IMS architectural components, the actuation control function (ACF) and the IMS/WSAN gateway (WAG). Several Lessons Learned emerged while building the prototype, including the criticality of an ACF and WAG to support associated new applications, the difficulty in developing an abstract common application programming interface (API) for WSANs because of component heterogeneity, the obstacles created by WSAN vendors use of closed architectures, and the immaturity of IMS application development tools. This latter Lesson Learned is particularly disappointing, given the market strength of IMS, the fact that the IMS architecture is designed to support third-party application development and deployment, and that both editors of the D&I Series have worked on IMS application development


IEEE Communications Magazine December 2011

tools for their respective companies. We call for IMS solution vendors to invest in open IMS application development kits for their products. We hope you both enjoy and learn from this installment of D&I as much as we did in serving as its editors. If these articles and past installments of D&I have inspired you to consider contributing your valuable D&I knowledge to Communications Society members or serving as a reviewer for D&I submissions, contact us directly so that together we can create a first-rate publication for the benefit of our industry members. Please join us in acknowledging the many anonymous reviewers who ensured the quality of the articles.
web technologies. He is also an active contributor to the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), where he has coauthored several RFCs and Internet drafts. Currently he is serving within the IETF as Co-Chair of the SIP Overload Control (soc) and Bidirectional or Server-Initiated HTTP (HyBi) working groups. For the IEEE Communications Society, he serves as a Design and Implementation Series co-editor and an Associate Technical Editor for IEEE Communications Magazine. He received an M.S. degree in engineer computer science and a Ph.D. degree in computer networking from Napoli University in 1999 and 2006, respectively. S EAN M OORE [M01, SM03] ( has nearly 30 years of experience in a variety of technology industries, and has been working in networking and telecommunications since 2001. Currently, he is chief technology officer and vice president of research for Centripetal Networks, Inc., a vendor of network security products and services. In the past, he was chief architect and chief scientist at Avaya, a vendor of enterprise communications solutions; chief scientist at Cetacean Networks, a vendor of advanced routers and routing applications; senior director of R&D at, a developer of supply-chain management e-commerce solutions; and director of Advanced Systems and director of Business Development at BBN Corporation, an R&D services provider to the U.S. Department of Defense. For the IEEE Communications Society, he serves as a co-editor of the Design and Implementation Series and Associate Editor-in-Chief for IEEE Communications Magazine. He received a B.S. degree in electrical engineering from Tulane University in 1983, an M.S. in mathematics from the University of New Orleans in 1990 (SIAM Applied Mathematics Award co-recipient), and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in computer science from Dartmouth College in 1993 and 1994.

SALVATORE LORETO [M01, SM09] ( has 15 years of experience in a variety of information and communication industries, and has been working in networking and telecommunications since 1999. Currently, he works as a research scientist in the MultiMedia Technology section branch, which is part of the NomadicLab at Ericsson Research Finland. He has made contributions in Internet transport protocols (e.g., TCP, SCTP), signal protocols (e.g., SIP, XMPP), VoIP, IP-telephony convergence, conferencing over IP, Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) IMS, HTTP, and

IEEE Communications Magazine December 2011