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FRIDAY, JUNE 24, 2011
GRMG configuration for TREX system
1.Log on to the TREX host as root
<!--[if !supportLists]-->2. <!--[endif]-->Go to the directory . : /usr/sap/TPZ/TRX10
Set the environment variables required by TREX by executing the following scripts.
. TREXSettings.sh

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3. <!--[endif]-->Go to the directory /exe/CCMS, in which the script for installing the
TREX monitoring functions is located

4.Execute the following command to configure monitoring of availability
(heartbeat/GRMG):
python ccms_config.py --grmg

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Created GRMG upload file at
location : /usr/sap/TPZ/TRX10/hostname/trace/grmg/GRMG_config.TPZ_10.hostna
me.xml

1. Start transaction GRMGin the SAP system.
2. Choose Upload/Download.
There are two ways to upload the TREX scenario:
Choose Upload/Download Upload Scenario.
Uploading XML Customizing File by Transaction
GRMG

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Choose the XML customizing file for the corresponding TREX instance and
choose Open.

The window GRMG customizing file uploaded successfully appears.
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Choose Upload/Download Poll agents for new scenarios.

This upload of the TREX scenario will only work if the SAPCCMSR agent is
running and has been registered previously.
In the list GRMG Scenarios for Availability Monitoring, choose the corresponding
TREX scenario.
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Choose Start/Stop Start Scenarios.
The window GRMG scenarios have started appears.


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Posted by MY BLOG at 10:10 PM 1 comments

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THURSDAY, APRIL 8, 2010
Oracle Bundle Patch
How to Apply Oracle Bundle Patch

Download the dump from SAP service market place to your system.
1.PRE INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
Copy the dumps of patch at below mentioned path.
Drive/oracle/"SID"/"oracle version"/OPatch

Stop SAP & DB along with all services of SAP & DB.
Back up the current database that is installed, the %ORACLE_HOME%
directory and Oracle inventory under c:\Program files\oracle
directory. (This will help if there are problems applying the patch, and
to restore the Inventory in case of an issue with the patch.)
Now apply bundle patch.
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OPatch>opatch apply patch no
Installation may be interrupted coz. of error in overwriting an
existing .dll file giving following error file already in use.
In case of above error dont rename the file and RETRY(It doesnt work)
instead cancel the installation then and there rename the .dll file and
start patch application again.
3. POST INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
Start all services of DB & DB
Run script catcpu.sql
sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT / AS SYSDBA
SQL> STARTUP
SQL> @%ORACLE_HOME%\Bundle\Patch17\catcpu.sql
SQL> QUIT
If above script reports any error then
Inspect the logfile %ORACLE_HOME%\Bundle\Patch17\Apply__.log for
any errors.
If catcpu.sql reports any Invalid Objects, compile the invalid objects as
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follows.
sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT / AS SYSDBA
SQL> @%ORACLE_HOME%\rdbms\admin\utlprp.sql 0
Above script will compile the invalid objects.
To check for any invalid objects still there or not, execute the following
statement:
SQL> SELECT OBJECT_NAME FROM DBA_OBJECTS WHERE STATUS
= 'INVALID';
Recompiling Views in the Database
To recompile the views for each database instance running out of the
ORACLE_HOME being patched , follow these steps:
Run the pre-check script, which reports the maximum number of views
and objects that may be recompiled:
sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT / AS SYSDBA
SQL> @%ORACLE_HOME%\Bundle\view_recompile\
recompile_precheck_jan2009cpu.sql
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SQL> QUIT
Run the view recompilation script. Note that this script is run with the
database in upgrade mode, which restricts connections as SYSDBA.
sqlplus /nolog
SQL> SHUTDOWN
SQL> CONNECT / AS SYSDBA
SQL> STARTUP UPGRADE
SQL>@%ORACLE_HOME%\Bundle\view_recompile\
view_recompile_jan2008cpu.sql
SQL> SHUTDOWN;
SQL> STARTUP;
Check the log file for any errors. The log file is in the current directory
and is named: vcomp__.log
If any invalid objects were reported, run the utlrp.sql script as follows:
sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT / AS SYSDBA
SQL> @%ORACLE_HOME%\rdbms\admin\utlrp.sql
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If still any invalid objects are there then recompile those manually.
SQL> alter schemaname. compile;
Verify that the view recompilation has been performed for the
database, by executing the following statement:
SELECT * FROM registry$history where ID = '6452863';
TO VIEW ALL PATCHES APPLIED ISSUE BELOW COMMAND:-
\ORACLE\"SID"\"oracle version"\OPATCH>OPATCH LSINVENTORY

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WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 7, 2009
SAP Test system refresh activity
SAP Test system refresh activity.

Follow the below steps for SAP test system refresh activity from Production server
backup.


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1. Take the relevant screenshot of system
STMS,SCC4,SM59,SAP standard jobs,DB13,SLICENSE,CCMS settings,SPAD

2. Import the SPAD settings

3. Take the offline backup of production system

4. Take the backup of backSID.log,*.aft and initSID.ora of production and test server

5. Lock users in Test system

6. Take offline backup of test system

7. Open client in test server : SCC4

8. Export the client for profile SAP_USER in test server. Keep test system as target
server
SCC8


9. Take the trace of control file on both the Test and production server

10. Stop the SAP instance and sap services

11. Note down the Schema users existing presently in the system.
SQL> select user name from dba_users;


12. Shutdown the database

13. Copy last offline backup log file(*.aft) from production system to test server
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14. edit the *.aft log file as per test server
change SID from prdoduction to test server SID, check ORA-HOME directory

15. Now restore the backup
brrestore c m full b XXX.aft

16. Connect to oracle as sqlplus /nolog, connect /as sysdba and type startup
Nomount.

17. Edit the controlfile of Prod. Change all production SID to test SID and
NORESETLOGS TO RESETLOGS.

17. Use the edited controlfile of Prod to recreate the control file of Test
SQL> @Cntrl.sql
SQL>shutdown immediate;

18. SQL> Alter database open RESETLOGS.

19. Create new OPS$ADM using the below command.
I:\scripts>sqlplus /nolog @ORADBUSER.sql SAPSID NT DOMAIN SID (IF SIDADM
is local user then give the host name in the place of Domain Name)

20. After this run the script sapdba_role to set proper right for OPS$ user IDs.
>sqlplus /nolog @sapdba_role.sql

21. Check whether SAPSR3P (schema owner) account has been locked or not:
select username,account_status from dba_users where username=SAPPCE;

22. If it is locked use this command to unlock it:
alter user SAPPCE account unlock;
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23. Start the SAP application.


POST Processing Steps:

24. Update the license
Logon to SAP with DDIC-client 000; update the license key through the transaction
SLICENSE.

25. check the consistency
Go to transaction SICK for checking the consistency of the system.

26. check the local host entry
Go to transaction SE37 and execute BPT_LOCAL_HOSTNAME_CHECK to check
for the hostname entry.

27. Change the STMS configuration and perform post installation activity
Now go to transaction SE06 to perform post installation activities

28. Reconfiguring STMS

29. Login into DCE client 000 with DDIC , goto transaction STMS.

30. Schedule the standard jobs

Go to transaction SM36 and click on the button Standard jobs to schedule the
standard jobs defined for the system.

31. Import the user master of test server
Goto the STMS and import the user master request
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32. Close the client

33. Changing the client description.

34. Import profiles of active Server using RZ10.

35. Delete incorrect instances defined in RZ04, create correct instances and assign
Operation modes for the same

36. Change the logical system name

37. Take an OFFLINE backup of the Test system and release the system to the
users.


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SUNDAY, JUNE 21, 2009
The entire procedure for DRS switchover
PRODUCTION TO DRS SWITCHOVER

1. Take Offline backup of the PRD Database.

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2. In SM02, Put message on the PRD system.

3. On PRD,

cmd>SVRMGR30
Connect Internal;
Alter system switch logfile;
Do switch log file 3-4 times.

4. In DRS, apply up to the last Archive Log created in PRD.

5. On PRD, Stop R/3, Shutdown Database And Stop SAP & Oracle Services.

6. On PRD, Backup Mirrlog A, Mirrlog B, Origlog A, Origlog B & Control file of PRD.

7. Shutdown DRS Database & Stop Oracle Services.

8. On DRS, Backup Mirrlog A, Mirrlog B, Origlog A, Origlog B & Control file of DRS.

9. Copy the redo log files & control files from PRD (production DB System) to DRS
(DRS DB System). Copy the control file to all the locations on DRS (OriglogA,
Saparch & Sapdata1 sub-folders).

10. Start the Oracle Services on DRS.

11. In DRS
Start SVRMGR30
Connect Internal;
Startup Mount;
Recover Database; (Ensure the message Media Recovery Complete appears).
Alter databases Open; (This opens in NORESETLOGS mode).
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Exit;
12. Start SAPOSCOL, SAP_00 services on DRS.

13. Start SAP R/3 application on DRS.

14. Logon to the DRS System through SAP Logon Pad.

15. Check the System Status & transactions like SM51, ST22, and SM21 Etc.


DRS TO PRODUCTION SWITCHOVER

16. On DRS, Stop R/3, Shutdown Database and Stop SAP & Oracle Services.

17. Copy the redo log files & control files from DRS (DRS DB System) to PRD
(production DB System). Copy the control file to all the locations on PRD (OriglogA,
Saparch & Sapdata1 sub-folders).

18. Start the Oracle services on the DRS.

19. Start the Oracle Services on PRD.

20. In PRD
Start SVRMGR30
Connect Internal;
Startup Mount;
Recover Database; (Ensure the message Media Recovery Complete appears).
Alter databases Open; (This opens in NORESETLOGS mode).
Exit;
21. Start SAPOSCOL, SAP_00 services on PRD.

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Posted by MY BLOG at 6:51 AM 2 comments

22. Start SAP R/3 application on PRD.

23. Logon to the PRD System through SAP Logon Pad.

24. Check the System Status & transactions like SM51, ST22, and SM21 Etc.
Note: - DRS: DRS database server
PRD: Production database server

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FRIDAY, APRIL 10, 2009
Explain the client create, delete and copy?
We can create a client using the transaction SCC4. Mention the client
name with the appropriate selection.
Note that SAP delivers the software with standard clients 000 and 001.
You may not work in client 000, but may use client 001. However, SAP
recommends that you begin SAP System implementation by creating a
new client as a copy of client 000.

To Copy a client
A local client copy copies between clients within the same
SAP System.
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A remote client copy allows you to copy between clients
in different SAP Systems.You can use a remote client copy
to, for example, transport client-dependent as well client-
independent Customizing data between SAP Systems.
A remote client copy proceeds in the same way as a local
copy, but sends the data through a remote function call
(RFC) connection to the target client.
A remote client copy is easy to use, and does not require
file system space on operating system level.
The limitations of a remote client copy are as follows:
A remote client copy does not create a file at operating
system level, so there is no "hard copy" of the client to
be copied. Therefore, the same, identical client copy
cannot be duplicated at a later date.
To delete a client from within SAP System:
Log on to the client to be deleted.
Use the menu option use Transaction code SCC5 or from
the SAP System initial screen choose Tools _
Administration _ Administration _ Client admin _ Special
functions _ Delete client.
Start the deletion of the client, preferably using
background processing.
When you delete a client entry from table T000 with client
maintenance (Transaction SCC4), you can no longer log on
to the client or update it using change requests. The
deletion process, however, does not eliminate the data
belong to the client. This means the client-dependent
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data remains in your SAP System, occupying space in the
database. Therefore, to eliminate an SAP client entirely,
that is, to delete both the client and the client-dependent
data, use the client delete functionality (Transaction
SCC5).
Deleting a client entry with client maintenance
(Transaction SCC4) allows you to temporarily lock the
client. The deletion procedure preserves the data for the
client but prevents users from logging on to the client or
accessing the data belonging to the client. To restore the
client and allow logon, recreate the client entry using
client maintenance.
The amount of time required for the deletion of a client
can be reduced by performing the deletion using parallel
processes.
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TUESDAY, APRIL 7, 2009
SAP Basis critical object : S_BTCH_JOB
Definition


You use this object to assign users authorizations for all operations except
scheduling. For example, you could assign users authorization to delete their own
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jobs.

This object is used to check all critical administration operations for background
processing (Tools -> Administration -> Jobs -> Job overview.

Users do not need an authorization for this object to schedule background jobs; an
authorization is normally not required for end users.

Exception: If background jobs are to be automatically released after scheduling,
your users should have the authorization for value RELE so that the scheduled
jobs are automatically released.

An authorization for this object means users have authorization for their own jobs in
their current client. To assign a user administration authorization for all users and
all clients, use authorization Background Processing: Background Administrator.

Defined fields

Operations on one job consists of the following fields:

o Functions: Operations the user is allowed to perform. Possible values are:

- DELE: Delete background jobs

- LIST: Display spool requests created by jobs

- PLAN: Copy or repeat jobs

- PROT: Display job processing logs

- RELE: Release jobs (automatic release after scheduling possible)
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- SHOW: Display job queue

- Job group: Names of permitted job groups. Reserved: Set to *.

Example

With this authorization, users can release and delete their own background jobs in
job administration. The users' jobs are also automatically released after scheduling.

Field Value Operations on a job DELE RELE Job group *
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SAP Basis critical object : S_USER_PRO
S_USER_PRO

Definition

Authorization object, which is checked during authorization maintenance.

The check is made in the following profile maintenance transactions
(Tools -> Administration -> User maintenance).

o SU02 (Maintain profiles)
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o SU01 (Assign profile to user)

o SU10 (Assign profile to all users or remove assignment to all users)

Defined fields

The object is defined with the following fields:

o Authorization profile: In this field, you must enter the
authorization profiles that an authorization administrator may
maintain or that a user administrator may assign to his users.

o Activity: In this field, you can limit what the administrator is
allowed to do with the profile.
Possible values:

- 01: Create

- 02: Change

- 03: Display

- 06: Delete

- 07: Activate

- 08: Display change documents

- 22: Assign profile to users / remove assignment

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- 24: Archive

Example
Field Values
Profile name *
Activity 01 - 06

This authorization allows the authorization administrator to create,
maintain, delete and display profiles at will. However, he may not
activate profiles or display change documents.
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