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SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS

IMPORTANT NOTES: *** Usually asked in PAPER 2, Question 1. (i) Characteristics of simultaneous equations: (a) Involves TWO variables, usually in x and y. (b) Involves TWO equations : one linear and the other non- linear. (ii) Solving simultaneous equations means finding the values of x and corresponding y which satisfy BOTH the equations. (iii) Methods of solving :: (a) Starting from the LINEAR equation, express y in terms of x (or x in terms of y). (b) Substitute y (or x) into the second equation (which is non-linear) to obtain a quadratic equation in the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. (c) (iv) Solve the quadratic equation by factorisation or by using the FORMULA

b b 2 4ac 2a

If the quadratic equation CANNOT be factorised, candidates will be asked to give your answer correct to 4 significant figures or give your answer correct to three decima lplaces.

C1. Solve x + y = 3, xy = 10 . x+y = 3 ........ (1) xy = 10 ........ (2) Fromi (1), y = 3 x ......... (3) Substitute (3) into (2), x (3 x) = 10 3x x2 = 10 x2 3x 10 = 0 (x + 2) (x 5) = 0 x = 2 atau x = 5 From (3), when x = 2 , y = 3 (-2) = 5 x = 5, y = 2 Answers: x = 2, y = 5 ; x = 5 , y = 2 . 1. Solve x + y = 5, xy = 4 .

(Ans : x = 1, y = 4 ; x = 4, y = 1)

L2.

Solve x + y = 2 , xy = 8 .

L3. Solve 2x + y = 6, xy = 20 .

(Ans : x = 4 , y = 2 ; x = 2, y = 4 )

(Ans : x = 2 , y = 10 ; x = 5, y = 4 )

4 Simultaneous Equations

L4.

(SPM 2000)

(SPM 2002)

(Ans : x = 3 , y = 2 )

6.

7. Solve the simultaneous equations p m = 2 and p2 + 2m = 8. Give your answers correct to three decimal places . (SPM 2004)

(Ans : x = 2 , y = 0 ; x = 3 , y = 4 )

4 Simultaneous Equations

8.

(SPM 2005)

x+

1 y = 1 and y2 10 = 2x 2

9. Solve the simultaneous equations 2x + y = 1 and 2x2 + y2 + xy = 5. Give your answers correct to three decimal places . (SPM 2006)

(Ans : x = 4 , y = 3 ; x = , y = 3 )

, x = 0.618, y = 0.236)

10.

(SPM 2008)

(Ans : x = 3 , y = 3 ; x = 1 , y = 1 )

(Ans : x = 5, y = 3 ;

x = - 6 , y = - 2/3 )

4 Simultaneous Equations

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