Sie sind auf Seite 1von 8

Metal Forming (Pembentukan Logam)

Arif Rahman, ST, MT

Case of Coat Hanger & Car

amazon.co.uk germes-online.com dullmensclub.com
amazon.co.uk
germes-online.com
dullmensclub.com
productioncars.com
productioncars.com
germes-online.com dullmensclub.com productioncars.com Pembentukan Logam (MMS310803E) 2 todayandtomorrow.net

Pembentukan Logam (MMS310803E)

2 todayandtomorrow.net
2
todayandtomorrow.net

Local separation of materials

Painting,

Galvanising,

etc.

Applying thin

layer of

material

Galvanising, etc. → Applying thin layer of material Manufacturing processes as per DIN 8580 Pembentukan Logam

Manufacturing processes as per DIN 8580

Pembentukan Logam (MMS310803E)

(Metal Forming Handbook/Schuler, 1998)

Casting, etc → Initial shaping
Casting, etc
Initial shaping

Welding, riveting etc → Creating subassembl ies

Heat; surface treatment, etc → achieving certain properties
Heat; surface
treatment, etc
→ achieving
certain
properties

3

Thermomechanical

Process

Metal Forming

made-in-china.com

Alibaba.com
Alibaba.com

Wire drawing

alibaba.com

Sheet metal forming

Pembentukan Logam (MMS310803E)

matter.org.uk

Forging

indiamart.com

Extrusion

alibaba.com

Rolling

4

alibaba.com

Principle

External Force
External Force

Useful

Raw

products

materials

Initial shape Simple forms

More complex shape Change in properties Final configuration

Classification (working temperature)

Hot working (0.6*Tm)

Cold working (0.3*Tm)

Advantages

Reduce Defects/Discontinuities

Improve Microstructure

Disadvantages

Poor Dimensional Tolerance

Material-Environment Interaction

Poor Surface Appearance

Advantages

Good Surface Appearance

Good Dimensional Tolerance

Improve Mechanical Properties

Material-Environmental Interaction

Disadvantages

Deformation Force

Complex Equipment

Pembentukan Logam (MMS310803E)

Ductility of Final Product

6

General Characteristics of Forming Processes

Process

Characteristics

Rolling

Flat

Production of flat plate, sheet and foil at high speeds; good surface finish, especially in cold rolling; very high capital investment; low to moderate labour cost

Shape

Production of various structural shapes (such as I-beams and rails) at high speeds; includes thread rolling; requires shaped rolls and expensive equipment; low to moderate labour cost; moderate operator skill

Forging

Production of discrete parts with a set of dies; some finishing operations usually required; usually performed at elevated temperatures, but also cold for smaller parts; die and equipment costs are high; moderate to high labour cost; moderate to high operator skill

Extrusion

Production of long lengths of solid or hollow shapes with constant cross-section; product is then cut into desired lengths; usually performed at elevated temperatures; cold extrusion has similarities to forging and is used to make discrete products; moderate to high die and equipment cost; low to moderate operator skill

Drawing

Production of long rod and wire with various cross- sections; good surface finish; low to moderate die, equipment and labour costs; low to moderate operator skill

Sheet-metal forming

Production of a wide variety of shapes with thin walls and with simple or complex geometries; generally low to moderate die, equipment, and labour costs; low to

moderate operator skill

Pembentukan Logam (MMS310803E)

7

Tugas (PR)

Jelaskan proses-proses pembentukan logam (rolling, forging, dsb) serta berikan komponen-komponen apa yang umumnya dibuat dengan proses tersebut.

Kertas A4; margin kiri 4 cm, lainnya 3 cm; huruf Times New Roman (12 pt), 1,5 spasi; maksimum 5 halaman