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Set No. 2

IV B.Tech II Semester Examinations,AUGUST 2011 TRIBOLOGY Common to Mechanical Engineering, Automobile Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Lateral stability of a long shaft 15cm in diameter is obtained by means of a 25cm stationary bearing having an internal diameter of 15.025cm. If the space between the bearing and the shaft is lled with a lubricant having a viscosity 49Nsec/m2 , what power will be required to overcome the viscous resistance when the shaft is rotated at a constant rate of 180rpm? [16]

2. Give examples where boundary and dry friction occurs in machines. Write their merits and demerits. [16] 3. What are the applications of extremely pressurized bearings?

4. Many animal and plant oils and fat make excellent lubricants, yet they are rarely used. Why should this be? [16] 5. Classify various bearing materials.

6. Analyze the hydrostatic bearing for load carrying capacity, frictional torque and power loss. [16] 7. A circular pad hydrostatic bearing has an outside radius of 0.1m and circular recess radius of 0.02m. The viscosity of the lubricant used is 30 cP. The oil is supplied to the bearing by a pump at constant ow rate of 20 l/min. Calculate the load capacity for a uniform lm thickness of 100 m and the percentage increase in load capacity if the lm thickness is reduced by 10%. For the same bearing, assume now that the oil is supplied by a capillary restrictor, such that the thickness is still 100 m and that the pressure drops across the capillary from 60MPa to 30MPa. Calculate the load carried by the lm again and the percentage increase in load if the lm thickness is reduced by 10%. [16]

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8. A plane slider bearing with xed shoe is operating under the following conditions: Width of bearing, B=50mm Length to width ratio, L/B=1.0 Sliding velocity=5m/s Minimum lm thickness=0.02mm Absolute viscosity of lubricant =0.02Pa s Attitude=2.0 Neglecting side leakage, nd load carrying capacity and coecient of friction. [16]

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R07

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech II Semester Examinations,AUGUST 2011 TRIBOLOGY Common to Mechanical Engineering, Automobile Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

[16]

2. What are the advantages of hydrostatic bearings over hydrodynamic Bearings?[16] 3. (a) Discuss the compressibility eect in hydrostatic bearings. (b) What are the principles of air bearings? 4. Give the criterion for selection of bearing materials.

5. What is hydraulic lift applied to bearings? Derive an equation for load capacity of a hydraulic lift. [16] 6. A full journal bearing has the following specications: Journal diameter=75mm Bearing length=65mm Radial clearance=0.05mm Journal speed=1500rpm Load=25kN Determine the average viscosity of lubricant if the minimum lm thickness does not exceed 0.001mm. Neglect end leakage and use full Somereld boundary conditions. [16] 7. Describe single asperity adhesion theory of friction.

8. A lubricant viscosity at -200 C is 1000 centistokes and the ASTM slope for this lubricant is 0.6. What is the viscosity index of this lubricant? [16]

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R07

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech II Semester Examinations,AUGUST 2011 TRIBOLOGY Common to Mechanical Engineering, Automobile Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Give the steps how hydrostatic bearings are designed. 2. What are the characteristics of bearing materials?

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3. With the help of a neat sketch explain the construction and working of capillary viscometer. [16] 4. (a) What are the classic laws of friction? (b) Explain elastic contact in metals.

6. (a) What are the assumptions proposed by Reynolds in theory of hydrodynamic lubrication? (b) Explain the mechanism of load support in hydrodynamic lubrication.

7. Two journal bearings of 0.08m diameter and 0.04m length are used to support a rotor weighing 20kN at a speed of 6000rpm. The viscosity of the oil supplied to the bearing is 22cS. Within the bearing, the oil viscosity changes according to the equation = s eT ef f , where Te is the eective temperature rise and is 0.035 per K. The specic heat of the oil is 1900 J/kgK. Assume that: (a) The shaft runs concentric in the bearing. (b) The average temperature rise of the oil escaping the bearing is(Tmax -Tinlet )/2 (c) The eective viscosity is at Tef f = Tinlet +0.8(Tmax -Tinlet ) (d) All heat generated is absorbed by the oil ow (e) Oil ow through the bearing is UCL/2. Find the algebraic expression for the temperature rise T=(Tmax -Tinlet ) and nd the maximum allowable radial clearance so that T does not exceed 60K. [16] 8. A rectangular slider bearing has the following specications: Bearing width=95mm Bearing length=80mm Load=20kN Sliding speed=2.5m/s Inclination=0.0004rad Absolute viscosity of the oil=0.015Pa s Find: 3

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R07

Set No. 1

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Set No. 3

1. Explain the working principle and applications of hydrodynamic thrust bearing. [16] 2. Derive equations for friction force and coecient of friction in lightly loaded journal bearing. [16] 3. What are the desirable properties of bearing materials?

5. (a) Churning of oil by pads causes the oil to overheat and also to become bubbly. Why does this bubbleness reduce the load carrying capacity of the pads? (b) How are friction and wear at startup eliminated?

6. Describe typical geometries of non-at hydrostatic bearings. 7. Explain general dry friction theories in brief.

8. When choosing a lubricant for food and drug processing machinery what property of the oil must be considered? Give the reason. [16]

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