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Referencing Format and Example:

Criteria Books Single author APA Style Format: Author. (year). Title: subtitle. (edition.). Place of Publication: Publisher. Example: Smith, S. G. (2008). Teaching: challenges & dilemmas. (3rd ed.). USA: McGraw Hill. Format: 1st Author & 2nd Author. (year). Title: subtitle. (edition.). Place of Publication: Publisher. Example: Smith, S. G. & Dennis, F. B. (2008). Teaching: challenges & dilemmas. (3rd ed.). USA: McGraw Hill. Format: 1st Author ...[et al]. (year). Title: subtitle. (edition.). Place of Publication: Publisher. Example: Smith, S. G. ...[et al]. (2008). Teaching: challenges & dilemmas. (3rd ed.). USA: McGraw Hill. Format: Title: subtitle. (year). Place of Publication: Publisher. Example: Teaching: challenges & dilemmas. (2008). USA: McGraw Hill. Format: Author. (year). Title: subtitle. (edition.). Place of Harvard Style Format: Author year, Title: subtitle, edition, Publisher, Place of Publication. Example: Smith, SG 2008, Teaching: challenges & dilemmas, 3rd edn, McGraw Hill, USA. Format: 1st Author & 2nd Author year, Title: subtitle, edition, Publisher, Place of Publication. Example: Smith, SG & Dennis, F. B 2008, Teaching: challenges & dilemmas, 3rd edn, McGraw Hill, USA. Format: Authors year, Title: subtitle, edition, Publisher, Place of Publication. Example: Smith, SG, Dennis, FB, Peter, P, James, D 2008, Teaching: challenges & dilemmas, 3rd edn, McGraw Hill, USA. Format: Title: subtitle year, Publisher, Place of Publication. Example: Teaching: challenges & dilemmas 2008, McGraw Hill, USA. Format: Author year, Title: subtitle, edition, Publisher,

Books Two authors

Books More than three authors

Books No author

Books Multiple works by same

author

Publication: Publisher. Author. (year). Title: subtitle. (edition.). Place of Publication: Publisher. Example: Smith, S. G. (2008). Teaching: challenges & dilemmas. (3rd ed.). USA: McGraw Hill. Smith, S. G. (2007). Language Method. (3rd ed.). USA: McGraw Hill. Format: Author. (year[a]). Title: subtitle. (edition.). Place of Publication: Publisher. Author. (year[b]). Title: subtitle. (edition.). Place of Publication: Publisher. Example: Smith, S. G. (2008). Teaching: challenges & dilemmas. (3rd ed.). USA: McGraw Hill. Smith, S. G. (2008). Language Method. (3rd ed.). USA: McGraw Hill. Format: Editor(s). (editor). (year). Title: subtitle. (edition.). Place of Publication: Publisher. Example: Daniel, J. (editor). (2008). Teaching: challenges & dilemmas. (3rd ed.). USA: McGraw Hill. Format: Author(s). (year). Title of the chapter. In editor (eds.), title of the book (page) Example:

Place of Publication. Author year, Title: subtitle, edition, Publisher, Place of Publication. Example: Smith, SG 2008, Teaching: challenges & dilemmas, 3rd edn, McGraw Hill, USA. Smith, SG 2007, Language Method, 3rd edn, McGraw Hill, USA. Format: Author year(a), Title: subtitle, edition, Publisher, Place of Publication. Author year(b), Title: subtitle, edition, Publisher, Place of Publication. Example: Smith, SG 2008a, Teaching: challenges & dilemmas, 3rd edn, McGraw Hill, USA. Smith, SG 2008b, Language Method, 3rd edn, McGraw Hill, USA. Format: Editor(s) (eds) year, Title: subtitle, edition, Publisher, Place of Publication. Example: Daniel, J (eds) 2008, Teaching: challenges & dilemmas, 3rd edn, McGraw Hill, USA. Format: Author(s) year, Title: subtitle of the chapter, in Editor(s) (eds), Title of the book, Publisher, Place of Publication, page.

Books Multiple works published in the same year by same author

Books Editor

Books Chapter in a book

Books Book in series

Books E-book

Books Encyclopedia or Dictionary

Pipher, M. (2003). Saplings in the storm. In G. Goshgarian, K. Krueger, & J. B. Minc (Eds.), Dialogues: An argument rhetoric and reader (4th ed., pp. 343-352). New York: Longman. Format: Author(s). (editor). (year). Title: subtitle. Series. Place of Publication: Publisher. Example: Daniel, J. (editor). (2008). Teaching: challenges & dilemmas. International series. USA: McGraw Hill. Format: Author(s). (year). Title: subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher. Date Accessed URL site. Example: James, M. (2007). Evolution: environment. Boston: McGraw Hill. Retrieved on September 27, 2009, from http://www.ebrary.segi.edu.my. Format: Author(s). (year). Title: subtitle. (Edition.). Place of Publication: Publisher. Example: Marsden, J. (2007). English Dictionary. (5th ed.). Malaysia: Longman.

Example: Daniel, J 2005, Morning: glory of the sun, in Albert, H (ed.), Sun, McGraw hill: Boston, pp. 36-39 Format: Author(s) year, Title: subtitle, Series title, Volume no, Publisher, Place of Publication. Example: Mahmi Shuid 2001, Malaysian studies, Higher education series, no. 6, Longman, Malaysia. Format: Author(s) year, Title: subtitle, Publisher, Place of Publication, Date Accessed, URL site. Example: James, M 2007, Evolution: environment, McGraw Hill, Boston, Retrieved 27 September 2009, from url=http://www.ebrary.segi.edu.my. Format: Author(s) year, Title: subtitle, Edition, Publisher, Place of Publication. Example: Marsden, J 2007, English Dictionary, 5th edn, Longman: Malaysia.

Book- Thesis

Books Conference proceeding

Books Annual report

Journals-Article

Format: Author(s). (year). Title: subtitle. (Academic Level, Institution, year). Example: Axford, J.C. (2007). What constitutes success in Pacific island community conserved areas? (Doctoral dissertation, University of Queensland, 2007). Format: Author(s). (year). Title: subtitle. Conference name. Place of Publication: Publisher Example: Bohrer, S., Zielke, T., & Freiburg, V. (1995). Integrated obstacle detection framework for intelligent cruise control on motorways. Paper presented at IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium. Detroit, MI: Piscataway. Format: Author(s). (year). Report title. Place of Publication: Publisher Example: Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia 2008, Laporan pelaburan asing. Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia, Malaysia. Format: Author(s). (year). Title: subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(No.), Page. Example: Mellers, B. A. (2000). Choice and the relative pleasure of consequences. Psychological Bulletin, 50(2), 49-52.

Format: Author(s) year, Title: subtitle, type of qualification, Academic Institution Example: Mohd Razif 2008, Reading habits: Bachelor Administrative Science, Bachelor Degree Thesis, MARA University of Technology. Format: Author(s) year, Title of Paper, Conference name, Date of Conference, Conference Location, Publisher, Place of Publication, Page. Example: Craig, D 2005, Development: new era of technology workshop, 1-3 April 2005, Malaysia: Cerdik Publication, Malaysia, pp. 109-115. Format: Author(s) year, Report title, Publisher, Place of Publication. Example: Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia 2008, Laporan pelaburan asing. Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia, Malaysia. Format: Author(s) year, Article title, Journal title, volume & issue, Season, Page Example: Chong, S 2008, What wrong with academic libraries nowadays?, Library Journal, vol.36, no3, winter, pp. 23-36.

Journals-Electronic article

Format: Author(s). (year). Article title. Journal title. Volume & issue. Date Accessed, URL site. Example: Matt, L. (2008). E-library. Library Journal 2(6), Retrieved on August 29, 2008, from http://www.ebrary.segi.edu.my. Format: Author(s). (year, month date of publication). Title of Article. Title of Newspaper, page. Example: Cook, D. (2002, January 28). All in the mind. The Age, p. 8. Format: Organization. (year). Title, Issue date Example: SEGi Education Group. (2009). Library portal launching, December 6, 2008. Format: Author(s). (year). Title. Date Accessed, URL site. Example: Smith S.G. (2003). Living in the cabin. Retrieved on December 6, 2008, from http://www.eline.com. Format: Title. (year). Date Accessed, URL site. Example: Living in the cabin. Retrieved on December 6,

Format: Author(s) year, Article title, Journal title, Volume & issue, Date Accessed, URL site. Example: Matt, L 2008, E-library, Library Journal, vol.36, no3, Retrieved 29 August 2008, from http://www.ebrary.segi.edu.my. Format: Article title, Newspaper, Issue Date , Page. Example: Keselamatan pengguna jalan raya, Utusan Malaysia, 13 July, p.9. Format: Organization, year, Title, Description of Document, Issue Date Example: SEGi Education Group, 2009, Library portal launching, press release, 6 December 2008 Format: Author(s) year, Title, Description of Document, Date Accessed, URL site. Example: Smith SG 2003, Living in the cabin, online, Retrieved 6 December 2008, from http://www.eline.com. Format: Title year, Description of Document, Date Accessed, URL site. Example:

Journals Newspaper

Journals-Press release

Website Document on websites

Website Document on website-no author

Secondary Sources Book

Secondary Sources Journal Article

Illustration Image in a book

Illustration Image on website

Living in the cabin 2003, online, Retrieved 6 December 2008, from http://www.e-line.com. Format: Format: Author. (year). Title: subtitle. (edition.). Place of Author year, Title: subtitle, edition, Publisher, Publication: Publisher. Place of Publication. Example: Example: Smith, S. G. (2008). Teaching: challenges & Smith, SG 2008, Teaching: challenges & rd dilemmas. (3 ed.). USA: McGraw Hill. dilemmas, 3rd edn, McGraw Hill, USA. Format: Format: Author(s) year, Article title, Journal title, Author(s). (year). Title: subtitle. Journal Title, volume & issue, Season, Page Volume(No.), Page. Example: Example: Chong, S 2008, What wrong with academic Mellers, B. A. (2000). Choice and the relative libraries nowadays?, Library Journal, vol.36, pleasure of consequences. Psychological no3, winter, pp. 23-36. Bulletin, 50(2), 49-52. Format: Format: Author. (year). Title: subtitle. (edition.). Place of Author year, Title: subtitle, edition, Publisher, Publication: Publisher. Place of Publication. Example: Example: Smith, S. G. (2008). Teaching: challenges & Smith, SG 2008, Teaching: challenges & dilemmas. (3rd ed.). USA: McGraw Hill. dilemmas, 3rd edn, McGraw Hill, USA. Format: Format: Autohr(s). [image] (year). Retrieved date, URL site. Originator year, Title of Image, Description of Document, Date Accessed, URL site. Example: Scarlet Fever Rash Picture [Image] (n.d.). Example: British Library 2003, Mona Lisa, online, Retrieved December 19, 2007 from Retrieved 6 December 2008, from http://www.ehttp://www.lib.uiowa.edu/hardin/md/dermatlas/ line.com. scarletfever.html Format: Artist year, Title of image, Type work, Location Format: Artist year, Title of image, Type work, Location

2008, from http://www.e-line.com.

Illustration-if viewed the original

artwork

Other Sources Blog

Example: Razif. (2008). The eye of the hills. Etching, Muzium: Penang. Format: Author(s). (year). Title: subtitle. Date Blog Entry Written, Blog Name. Date Accessed, URL site.

Example: Razif 2008, The eye of the hills, Etching, Muzium, Penang. Format: Author(s) year, Title: subtitle, Date Blog Entry Written, Blog Name, Description of Document, Date Accessed, URL site. Example: Smith, SG 2008, Teaching: challenges & dilemmas, 1 January 2005, Smiths blog, online, Retrieved 5 January 2006, from http://www.worldblog/232/smith. Format: Title year, Description of Document, Publisher, Place of Publication. Example: Listening 2005, CD-ROM, McGraw Hill, Malaysia. Format: Author year of presentation, Lecture title, Lecturer notes, Title of module, Teaching organization, Location of teaching organization, Date of presentation. Example: Yow LK 2003, Management, lecturer note distributed in topic MGT456, Crisis in management, SEGi University College, Malaysia, on 23 July. Format: Title year, Description of Document, Date

Other Sources CD-ROMs

Other Sources Lecture notes

Example: Smith, S.G. (2008). Teaching: challenges & dilemmas. 1 January 2005, Smiths blog. Retrieved January 5, 2006, from http://www.worldblog/232/smith. Format: Title. (year). Description of Document. Place of Publication: Publisher. Example: Listening. (2005). CD-ROM. Malaysia: McGraw Hill. Format: Author. (Year, month day). Title. Unpublished lecture notes, Name of University, City, Country Example: Sheridan, N. (2007, February 27). Primary health care patterns in New Zealand. Unpublished lecture notes, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Other Sources Podcasts

Format: Author. (Year, month day). Title, [Type of media].

Other Sources Unpublished documents

Other Sources Wikis

Date Accessed, Year Accessed, Web address Example: Al Zaabi, M. (Producer) & Bjarnesen, T. (Presenter). (2006, November 7). Diabetes in the elderly [Podcast radio programme]. Sydney: ABC Radio National. Retrieved January 11, 2007, from http://www.abc.net.au/hn/talks/ Format: Author(s). (year). Title: subtitle. Description of Document. Example: Low F.K. (2003). Learning method in tertiary level, University library report. Format: Author(s). (year). Title. Date Accessed, URL site. Example: Paul F. (2003). Living in the cabin. Retrieved on December 6, 2008, from http://www.en.wikipedia.org/1234/segi%8.. Format: Author(s). (year). Title. Date Accessed, URL site. Example: Paul F. (2003). Living in the cabin. Retrieved on December 6, 2008, from http://www.eline.com.

Other Sources You Tube

release, Distributor, Place of Distributor, Date Accessed, URL Site. Example: Learning method in tertiary level, 2007, podcast radio programme, 9 July 2007, XYZ Radio, Kuala Lumpur, Retrieved 2 August 2007, from http://www.xyz-radio.com. Format: Author(s) year, Title: subtitle, Description of Document. Example: Low FK 2003, Learning method in tertiary level, University library report. Format: Author(s) year, title: subtitle, Description of document, Date Accesed, URL site, Example: Wikipedia 2007, Progress in learning education, online, 2 February 2007, from http://www.en.wikipedia.org/1234/segi%8. Format: Author(s) year, title: subtitle, Description of document, Date Accesed, URL site, Example: Paul F 2007, Progress in learning education, online, 2 February 2007, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?/u&5qw.