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htm (28 kwietnia 2012) Order of the Day of the Minister of the Armed Forces of the USSR No. 11 May 9, 1946 Source : Works, Vol. 16 Publisher : Red Star Press Ltd., London, 1986 Transcription/HTML Markup : Salil Sen for MIA, 2009 Public Domain : Marxists Internet Archive (2009). You may freely copy, distribute, display and perform this work; as well as make derivative and commercial works. Please credit "Marxists Internet Archive" as your source. Comrades soldiers and sailors of the Red Army and Red Navy! Comrades officers, generals and admirals! Workers of the Soviet Union! Today we celebrate the first anniversary of the great victory won by our people over fascist Germany, Which attacked the liberty and independence of our Motherland. In the name of the Soviet government and of our Communist Party, I salute and congratulate you on the occasion of the national celebration, the day of victory over the German fascists. To celebrate the victory feast, I order: today, 9 May, a salute of thirty artillery salvoes in the capital of our Motherland, Moscow and in the capitals of the federal republics, Lvov, Konigsberg, and in the heroic cities of Leningrad, Stalingrad, Sebastopol and Odessa. Glory to our armed forces who kept the honour and independence of our Motherland and who won victory over Hitler Germany! Glory to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, inspirer and organizer of our victory! Glory to our great people, the victorious-people! Eternal glory to the heroes who fell in the fight for the freedom and independence of our Motherland! J. STALIN ("Pravda," 9 May, 1946) (28 kwietnia 2012 r.) The People Do Not Want War Order of the Day to the Red Army May 1, 1946 Source: For Peaceful Coexistence: Post War Interviews Publisher: International Publishers, New York, 1951 Transcription/Markup: Brian Reid One year ago the Red Army hoisted the banner of victory over Berlin and completed the defeat of fascist Germany. Within four months after the victorious termination of the war against Germany, imperialist Japan downed her arms. The Second World War, prepared by the forces of international reaction and unleashed by the chief fascist states, ended in a full victory of the freedom-loving peoples. The smash-up and liquidation of the main hotbeds of fascism and world aggression resulted in deep changes in the political life of the peoples of the world, in a wide growth of the democratic movement among the peoples. Taught by the experience of war, the popular masses realized that the destinies of states cannot be entrusted to reactionary leaders, who pursue the narrow caste and selfish anti-popular aims. It is for this reason that peoples who no longer wish to live in the old way take the destinies of their own

states into their own hands, establish democratic order, and carry on an active struggle against the forces of reaction, against instigators of a new war. The peoples of the world do not wish a repetition of the calamities of war. They fight persistently for the strengthening of peace and security. In the vanguard of the struggle for peace and security marches the Soviet Union, which played an outstanding part in smashing fascism and fulfilled its great mission of liberation. The peoples liberated by the Soviet Union from the fascist yoke received an opportunity of building their state life on democratic principles, of realizing their historical aspirations. On this road they find fraternal assistance on the part of the Soviet Union. The entire world has had an opportunity to convince itself, not only of the power of the Soviet State, but also of the character of its policy based on the recognition of equality of all peoples, respect for their freedom and independence. There is no reason to doubt that in the future the Soviet Union will be true to its policythe policy of peace and security, the policy of the equality and friendship of the peoples. Upon the termination of the war, the Soviet Union started peaceful socialist construction. The Soviet people enthusiastically set about peaceful constructive labor, which bad been interrupted by the war. (28 kwietnia Stalins Address to the People Victory Speech Date: May 9, 1945 Source: Thirty Years of the Soviet State Calendar, published by Foreign Languages Publishing House, Moscow, 1947 Transcription/HTML: Mike B. for MIA, 2008 Public Domain: Marxists Internet Archive (2008). You may freely copy, distribute, display and perform this work; as well as make derivative and commercial works. Please credit Marxists Internet Archive as your source. COMRADES! FELLOW COUNTRYMEN AND COUNTRYWOMEN! The great day of victory over Germany has arrived. Fascist Germany, forced to her knees by the Red Army and the troops of our Allies, has admitted defeat and has announced her unconditional surrender. On May 7 a preliminary act of surrender was signed in Rheims. On May 8, in Berlin, representatives of the German High Command, in the presence of representatives of the Supreme Command of the Allied troops and of the Supreme Command of the Soviet troops, signed the final act of surrender, which came into effect at 24 hours on May 8. Knowing the wolfish habits of the German rulers who regard treaties and agreements as scraps of paper, we have no grounds for accepting their word. However, this morning, the German troops, in conformity with the act of surrender, began en masse to lay down their arms and surrender to our troops. This is not a scrap of paper. It is the actual capitulation of the armed forces of Germany. True, one group of German troops in the region of Czechoslovakia still refuses to surrender, but I hope the Red Army will succeed in bringing it to its senses. We now have full grounds for saying that the historic day of the final defeat of Germany, the day of our people's great victory over German imperialism, has arrived.

The great sacrifices we have made for the freedom and independence of our country, the incalculable privation and suffering our people have endured during the war, our intense labours in the rear and at the front, laid at the altar of our motherland, have not been in vain; they have been crowned by complete victory over the enemy. The age-long struggle of the Slavonic peoples for their existence and independence has ended in victory over the German aggressors and German tyranny. Henceforth, the great banner of the freedom of the peoples and peace between the peoples will fly over Europe. Three years ago Hitler publicly stated that his task included the dismemberment of the Soviet Union and the severance from it of the Caucasus, the Ukraine, Byelorussia, the Baltic and other regions. He definitely said: "We shall destroy Russia so that she shall never be able to rise again." This was three years ago. But Hitler's insane ideas were fated to remain unrealized the course of the war scattered them to the winds like dust. Actually, the very opposite of what the Hitlerites dreamed of in their delirium occurred. Germany is utterly defeated. The German troops are surrendering. The Soviet Union is triumphant, although it has no intention of either dismembering or destroying Germany. Comrades! Our Great Patriotic War has terminated in our complete victory. The period of war in Europe has closed. A period of peaceful development has been ushered in. Congratulations on our victory, my dear fellow countrymen and countrywomen! Glory to our heroic Red Army, which upheld the independence of our country and achieved victory over the enemy! Glory to our great people, the victor people! Eternal glory to the heroes who fell fighting the enemy and who gave their lives for the freedom and happiness of our people! (28 kwietnia 2012 r.) Order of the Day, No. 369 May 9, 1945 ON May 8, 1945, in Berlin, representatives of the German High Command signed the instrument of unconditional surrender of the German armed forces. The Great Patriotic War which the Soviet people waged against the German-fascist invaders is victoriously concluded. Germany is utterly routed. Comrades, Red Army men, Red Navy men, sergeants, petty officers, officers of the army and navy, generals, admirals and marshals, I congratulate you upon the victorious termination of the Great Patriotic War. To mark complete victory over Germany, to-day, May 9, the day of victory, at 22.00 hours (Moscow time), the capital of our Motherland, Moscow, on behalf of the Motherland, shall salute the gallant troops of the Red Army, the ships and units of the Navy, which have won this brilliant victory, by firing thirty artillery salvoes from one thousand guns.

Eternal glory to the heroes who fell in the fighting for the freedom and independence of our Motherland! Long live the victorious Red Army and Navy! J. Stalin Supreme Commander-in-Chief Marshal of the Soviet Union Moscow Telegram to the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Czechoslovaks Republic, Antontin Zapotocky On the occasion of the seventh anniversary of the liberation of the Czechoslovakian Republic by the Soviet Army 10 May, 1952 Source : Works, Vol. 16 Publisher : Red Star Press Ltd., London, 1986 Transcription/HTML Markup : Salil Sen for MIA, 2009 Public Domain : Marxists Internet Archive (2009). You may freely copy, distribute, display and perform this work; as well as make derivative and commercial works. Please credit "Marxists Internet Archive" as your source. To the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Czechoslovakian Republic, Comrade Antonin Zapotocky. On the occasion of the Czechoslovakian national day of celebration, - the seventh anniversary of the liberation from the Hitler occupation, - please accept, Comrade Chairman, my friendly congratulations and wishes for the future success of the Czechoslovakian people in the building of a new Czechoslovakian people's democracy. J. STALIN ("New Germany," Berlin Ed., No. 111, 11 May, 1952) Telegram to the Minister President of the Gerrman Democratic Republic, Otto Grotewohl On the occasion of the seventh anniversary of the liberation of the German people from the fascist tyranny 8 May, 1952 Source : Works, Vol. 16 Publisher : Red Star Press Ltd., London, 1986 Transcription/HTML Markup : Salil Sen for MIA, 2009 Public Domain : Marxists Internet Archive (2009). You may freely copy, distribute, display and perform this work; as well as make derivative and commercial works. Please credit "Marxists Internet Archive" as your source.

To the Minister President of the German Democratic Republic, Comrade Otto Grotewohl. I ask the government of the German Demo-ocratic Republic and you personally, Comrade Minister President, to accept my thanks for your friendly greetings on the occasion of the seventh anniversary of the liberation of the German people from the fascist tyranny. I wish the German people and the government of the German Democratic Republic, success in the struggle for an united, independent, democratic and peace-loving Germany, for the immediate conclusion of a peace treaty and the departure of the occupying forces from Germany in the interests of Germany and of world peace. J. STALIN ("New Germany," Berlin Ed., No. 109, May, 1952) Telegram to the Minister President of the German Democratic Republic Otto Grotewohl On the occasion of the fifth anniversary of the liberation of the German people from the fascist tyranny 11 May, 1950 Source : Works, Vol. 16 Publisher : Red Star Press Ltd., London, 1986 Transcription/HTML Markup : Salil Sen for MIA, 2009 Public Domain : Marxists Internet Archive (2009). You may freely copy, distribute, display and perform this work; as well as make derivative and commercial works. Please credit "Marxists Internet Archive" as your source. To the Minister President of the German Democratic Republic, Mr. Otto Grotewohl. 1 thank, you and, through you, the government of the German Democratic Republic, for your message of greetings on the occasion of the fifth anniversary of the liberation of the German people from the fascist tyranny. I am convinced that the friendly relations between the German Democratic Republic and the Soviet Union will further develop successfully for the well-being of our peoples and in the interests of the peace and cooperation of all peace-loving countries. J. STALIN ("New World," May 1950. P. 1) przemwienie radiowe (pogrubione doda przemawiajc do Izby Gmin) May 8, 1945 Broadcast, London, and House of Commons

German armed forces surrendered unconditionally on May 7. Hostilities in Europe ended officially at midnight, May 8. 1945. Yesterday morning at 2:41 a.m. at Headquarters, General Jodl, the representative of the German High Command, and Grand Admiral Doenitz, the designated head of the German State, signed the act of unconditional surrender of all German Land, sea, and air forces in Europe to the Allied Expeditionary Force, and simultaneously to the Soviet High Command. General Bedell Smith, Chief of Staff of the Allied Expeditionary Force, and General Francois Sevez signed the document on behalf of the Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force, and General Susloparov signed on behalf of the Russian High Command. To-day this agreement will be ratified and confirmed at Berlin, where Air Chief Marshal Tedder, Deputy Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force, and General de Lattre de Tassigny will sign on behalf of General Eisenhower. Marshal Zhukov will sign on behalf of the Soviet High Command. The German representatives will be Field-Marshal Keitel, Chief of the High Command, and the Commanders-in- Chief of the German Army, Navy, and Air Forces. Hostilities will end officially at one minute after midnight to-night (Tuesday, May 8), but in the interests of saving lives the "Cease fire" began yesterday to be sounded all along the front, and our dear Channel Islands are also to be freed to-day. The Germans are still in places resisting the Russian troops, but should they continue to do so after midnight they will, of course, deprive themselves of the protection of the laws of war, and will be attacked from all quarters by the Allied troops. It is not surprising that on such long fronts and in the existing disorder of the enemy the orders of the German High Command should not in every case be obeyed immediately. This does not, in our opinion, with the best military advice at our disposal, constitute any reason for withholding from the nation the facts communicated to us by General Eisenhower of the unconditional surrender already signed at Rheims, nor should it prevent us from celebrating to-day and to-morrow (Wednesday) as Victory in Europe days. To-day, perhaps, we shall think mostly of ourselves. To-morrow we shall pay a particular tribute to our Russian comrades, whose prowess in the field has been one of the grand contributions to the general victory. The German war is therefore at an end. After years of intense preparation, Germany hurled herself on Poland at the beginning of September, 1939; and, in pursuance of our guarantee to Poland and in agreement with the French Republic, Great Britain, the British Empire and Commonwealth of Nations, declared war upon this foul aggression. After gallant France had been struck down we, from this Island and from our united Empire, maintained the struggle single-handed for a whole year until we were joined by the military might of Soviet Russia, and later by the overwhelming power and resources of the United States of America. Finally almost the whole world was combined against the evil-doers, who are now prostrate before us. Our gratitude to our splendid Allies goes forth from all our hearts in this Island and throughout the British Empire. We may allow ourselves a brief period of rejoicing; but let us not forget for a moment the toil and efforts that lie ahead. Japan, with all her treachery and greed, remains unsubdued. The injury she has inflicted on Great Britain, the United States, and other countries, and her detestable cruelties, call for justice and retribution. We must now devote all our strength and resources to the completion of our

task, both at home and abroad. Advance, Britannia! Long live the cause of freedom! God save the King! That is the message which I have been instructed to deliver to the British Nation and Commonwealth. I have only two or three sentences to add. They will convey to the House my deep gratitude to this House of Commons, which has proved itself the strongest foundation for waging war that has ever been seen in the whole of our long history. We have all of us made our mistakes, but the strength of the Parliamentary institution has been shown to enable it at the same moment to preserve all the title-deeds of democracy while waging war in the most stern and protracted form. I wish to give my hearty thanks to men of all Parties, to everyone in every part of the House where they sit, for the way in which the liveliness of Parliamentary institutions has been maintained under the fire of the enemy, and for the way in which we have been able to persevereand we could have persevered much longer if need had been-till all the objectives which we set before us for the procuring of the unlimited and unconditional surrender of the enemy had been achieved. I recollect well at the end of the last war, more than a quarter of a century ago, that the House, when it heard the long list of the surrender terms, the armistice terms, which had been imposed upon the Germans, did not feel inclined for debate or business, but desired to offer thanks to Almighty God, to the Great Power which seems to shape and design the fortunes of nations and the destiny of man; and I therefore beg, Sir, with your permission to move: That this House do now attend at the Church of St. Margaret, Westminster, to give humble and reverent thanks to Almighty God for our deliverance from the threat of German domination. This is the identical Motion which was moved in former times. May 8, 1945 London My dear friends, this is your hour. This is not victory of a party or of any class. It's a victory of the great British nation as a whole. We were the first, in this ancient island, to draw the sword against tyranny. After a while we were left all alone against the most tremendous military power that has been seen. We were all alone for a whole year. There we stood, alone. Did anyone want to give in? [The crowd shouted "No."] Were we downhearted? ["No!"] The lights went out and the bombs came down. But every man, woman and child in the country had no thought of quitting the struggle. London can take it. So we came back after long months from the jaws of death, out of the mouth of hell, while all the world wondered. When shall the reputation and faith of this generation of English men and women fail? I say that in the long years to come not only will the people of this island but of the world, wherever the bird of freedom chirps in human hearts, look back to what we've done and they will say "do not despair, do not yield to violence and tyranny, march straightforward and die if need be-unconquered." Now we have emerged from one deadly struggle-a terrible foe has been cast on the ground and awaits our judgment and our mercy. But there is another foe who occupies large portions of the British Empire, a foe stained with cruelty and greed-the Japanese. I rejoice we can all take a night off today and another day tomorrow. Tomorrow our great Russian allies will also be celebrating victory and after that we must begin the task of rebuilding our hearth and homes, doing our utmost to make this country a land in which all have a chance, in which all have a duty, and we must turn ourselves to fulfill our duty to our own countrymen, and to our gallant allies of the United States who were so foully and treacherously attacked by Japan. We will go hand and hand with them. Even if it is a hard struggle we will not be the ones who will fail. Announcing the Surrender of Germany (May 8, 1945) Harry S. Truman This is a solemn but a glorious hour. I only wish that Franklin D. Roosevelt had lived to witness this day. General Eisenhower informs me that the forces of Germany have surrendered to the United Nations. The flags of freedom fly over all Europe. For this victory, we join in offering our thanks to the Providence which has guided and sustained us through the dark days of adversity. Our rejoicing is sobered and subdued by a supreme consciousness of the terrible price we have paid to rid the world of Hitler and his evil band. Let us not forget, my fellow Americans, the sorrow and the heartache which today abide in the homes of so many of our neighborsneighbors whose most priceless possession has been rendered as a sacrifice to redeem our liberty. We can repay the debt which we owe to our God, to our dead and to our children only by workby ceaseless devotion to the responsibilities which lie ahead of us. If I could give you a single watchword for the coming months, that word iswork, work, and more work. We must work to finish the war. Our victory is but half-won. The West is free, but the East is still in bondage to the treacherous tyranny of the Japanese. When the last Japanese division has surrendered unconditionally, then only will our fighting job be done. We must work to bind up the wounds of a suffering worldto build an abiding peace, a peace rooted in justice and in law. We can build such a peace only by hard, toilsome, painstaking workby understanding and working with our allies in peace as we have in war. The job ahead is no less important, no less urgent, no less difficult than the task which now happily is done. I call upon every American to stick to his post until the last battle is won. Until that day, let no man abandon his post or slacken his efforts. And now, I want to read to you my formal proclamation of this occasion: "A ProclamationThe Allied armies, through sacrifice and devotion and with God's help, have wrung from Germany a final and unconditional surrender. The western world has been freed of the evil forces which for five years and longer have imprisoned the bodies and broken the lives of millions upon millions of free-born men. They have violated their churches, destroyed their homes, corrupted their children, and murdered their loved ones. Our Armies of Liberation have restored freedom to these suffering peoples, whose spirit and will the oppressors could never enslave. "Much remains to be done. The victory won in the West must now be won in the East. The whole world must be cleansed of the evil from which half the world has been freed. United, the peaceloving nations have demonstrated in the West that their arms are stronger by far than the might of the dictators or the tyranny of military cliques that once called us soft and weak. The power of our peoples to defend themselves against all enemies will be proved in the Pacific war as it has been proved in Europe. "For the triumph of spirit and of arms which we have won, and for its promise to the peoples everywhere who join us in the love of freedom, it is fitting that we, as a nation, give thanks to Almighty God, who has strengthened us and given us the victory.

"Now, therefore, I, Harry S. Truman, President of the United States of America, do hereby appoint Sunday, May 13, 1945, to be a day of prayer. "I call upon the people of the United States, whatever their faith, to unite in offering joyful thanks to God for the victory we have won, and to pray that He will support us to the end of our present struggle and guide us into the ways of peace. "I also call upon my countrymen to dedicate this day of prayer to the memory of those who have given their lives to make possible our victory. "In Witness Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States of America to be affixed."

ANEKS I Deklaracja Narodw Zjednoczonych. Waszyngton 1 I 1942 roku. Wsplna deklaracja wydana przez Stany Zjednoczone Ameryki, krlestwo Zjednoczone Wielkiej Brytanii i Pnocnej Irlandii, Zwizek Socjalistycznych Republik Radzieckich, Chiny, Australi, Belgi, Kanad, Kostaryk, Kub, Czechosowacj, Republik Dominikaosk, Salwador, Grecj, Gwatemal, Haiti, Honduras, Indie, Luksemburg, Holandi, Now Zelandi, Nikaragu, Norwegi, Panam, Polsk, Afryk Poudniow, Jugosawi. Rzdy podpisane na niniejszym, przyczywszy si do wsplnego programu celw i zasad, zawartych w cznej deklaracji prezydenta Stanw Zjednoczonych Ameryki i premiera Zjednoczonego Krlestwa Wielkiej Brytanii i Pnocnej Irlandii, pod dat 14 sierpnia 1941, znanej pod nazw Karty Atlantyckiej; w przekonaniu, e zupene zwycistwo nad ich wrogami jest rzecz zasadnicz dla obrony ycia, wolnoci, niepodlegoci i swobody religijnej i dla zachowania praw czowieka i sprawiedliwoci w ich wasnych jak rwnie w innych krajach oraz, e s one obecnie uwikane we wspln walk przeciwko siom dzikim i brutalnym, ktre d do ujarzmienia wiata, owiadczaj: Kady rzd zobowizuje si do uycia peni swych zasobw wojskowych i gospodarczych przeciwko tym paktu trjstronnego i ich wsplnikom, z ktrymi rzd ten pozostaje na stopie wojennej. Kady rzd zobowizuje si wspdziaad z rzdami podpisanymi na niniejszej Deklaracji i nie zawierad z wrogiem odrbnego zawieszenia broni lub pokoju. Do powyszej Deklaracji mog doczyd si inne narody, ktre ju udzielaj albo mogyby w przyszoci udzielid pomocy istotnej i przyczynid si do zwycistwa w walce z hitleryzmem. Deklaracj niniejsz podpisay wyej wymienione paostwa. Meksyk przystpi do niej w chwili wzicia udziau w wojnie. Filipiny i Abisynia przystpiy do Deklaracji w padzierniku 1942 roku. Francuskie Komitety Narodowe, chod nie ukonstytuoway si jako rzd, s utosamiane z Narodami Zjednoczonymi. Brazylia, Iran i Irak rwnie przyczy si do Narodw Zjednoczonych. HISTORIA 1789-1990, Wybr tekstw rdowych dla szk rednich, Jerzy Eisler, Melania Sobaoska-Bondaruk, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, str. 180-181. Deklaracj podpisao 26 paostw. Do 25 IV 1945 roku przystpio do niej jeszcze 25 paostw:

w 1942 roku Etiopia, Filipiny, Meksyk; w 1942 roku Brazylia, Boliwia, Irak, Iran, Kolumbia; w 1944 roku Francja, Liberia; w 1945 roku Arabia Saudyjska, Chile, Egipt, Ekwador, Liban, Paragwaj, Peru, Syria, Turcja, Urugwaj i Wenezuela. (dostp: 28 kwietnia 2012 r.)