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ERICSSON GSM SYSTEM

MAIO MANAGEMENT CONFIGURATION GUIDELINE

Ericsson AB 2003
The contents of this document are subject to revision without notice due to continued progress in methodology, design and manufacturing. Ericsson shall have no liability for any error or damages of any kind resulting from the use of this document.

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MAIO MANAGEMENT CONFIGURATION GUIDELINE

Revision history

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Contents
1 Introduction........................................................................5
1.1 Background............................................................................................5 1.2 How to read this guideline......................................................................5 1.3 Short MAIO Management history...........................................................5 1.4 Concepts ...............................................................................................6 1.5 Abbreviations..........................................................................................7

2 Configurations and Parameter settings............................7


2.1 Introduction............................................................................................7 2.2 Site with 2/2/2 TRXs, 6 hopping frequencies..........................................8 2.3 Site with 2/2/2 TRXs, 5 hopping frequencies..........................................9 2.4 Site with 3/3/3 TRXs, 6 hopping frequencies..........................................9 2.5 Site with 3/3/3 TRXs, 5 hopping frequencies........................................10 2.6 Site with 4/4/4 TRXs, 6 hopping frequencies........................................10 2.7 Site with 4/4/4 TRXs, 5 hopping frequencies........................................11 2.8 Site with 5/5/5 TRXs, 6 hopping frequencies........................................11 2.9 Site with 5/5/5 TRXs, 5 hopping frequencies........................................12 2.10 Site with 2/2/2 TRXs, 8 hopping frequencies......................................12 2.11 Site with 3/3/3 TRXs, 8 hopping frequencies......................................13 2.12 Site with 4/4/4 TRXs, 8 hopping frequencies......................................13 2.13 Unsymmetrical configurations with 6 hopping frequencies................13

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1
1.1

Introduction
Background
As the complexity becomes bigger with the usage of new functionality to provide more flexibility and efficiency, there is a need of a document that leaves out all explanation of deep functionality and only presents different common solutions together with parameter settings. This is such a document that concentrates on the MAIO Management related parameters.

1.2

How to read this guideline


This document is a guide on what MAIO values to use for some special examples. The reader should just go to the example that corresponds to his/her network configuration and check that the network parameters are similar. It is not meant to be read from end to end. There are better documents if a deep understanding is needed, e.g. the User Descriptions.

1.3

Short MAIO Management history


This document is written in a R10ED perspective. To brief the reader on what is the status of the system with respect of MAIO Management, here follows a short MAIO Management timeline (release timeline): R7 Up to R7, frequency hopping with automatic MAIO values made operators having to avoid adjacent frequencies within a cell as the MAIO values in the MAIO list were adjacent (i.e. MAIO=0,1,2,3,). R8 The introduction of MAIO Management gave operators flexibility to plan MAIO values for a cell (on CHGR level). Also operators without MAIO Management could now benefit from a new default MAIO list using first all even MAIO values and then all odd (i.e. MAIO=0,2,4,1,3,5 if 6 frequencies were used). The result is that the operators can plan adjacent frequencies within a cell. R9 In R9.1 up to 32 frequencies per CHGR were made possible to hop over (in practice 31 as the BCCH needs one frequency and 32 is the limit of frequencies per cell). Releases earlier than R9.1 up to 16 frequencies could be used to hop over. R10 In R10MD up to 128 frequencies can be assigned per cell, which means that the practical hopping limit will be 32 frequencies per CHGR. Repeating a frequency within a cell is now also possible making it possible to simulate one hopping CHGR if TRXs from two cabinets has to be used for a cell. This means that two CHGRs have to be defined. By repeating the frequencies in both CHGRs and differating the MAIO values the frequencies will be used better than splitting the frequencies between the two CHGRs. Also synchronized networks together with MAIO Management will further increase the quality. There is also a new
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channel allocation option to prioritize channels with the first MAIO value in the MAIO list.

1.4

Concepts
Cell Area covered by one BCCH. A cell can have a subcell structure using only one BCCH. The subcell structure can further be divided into CHGRs. In R10 two system types (i.e. two frequency bands) can be defined in one cell but on different subcells. See figure 1. The channel group is a group of frequencies from one system type (i.e. one frequency band). The main functionality for a CHGR is to turn frequency hopping on/off for the assigned set of frequencies (compare with subcell). There can be more than one CHGR defined in a cell/subcell. CHGRs are identified by a local channel group number defined per cell, see figure 1. CHGR 0 contains the BCCH and is defined automatically at cell definition. A frequency may (from R10) be defined in more than one CHGR per cell (except for the BCCH carrier). The fraction of time the frequency loads the air interface due to Frequency Hopping (and DTX). Methodology of combining GSM functionality, Frequency Hopping, MAIO Management, Power Control, DTX and more, to use each frequency as effectively as possible. A cell can be divided into an overlaid/underlaid subcell structure see figure 1. The main functionality for a subcell is to define the size, i.e. the handover/subcell change border (compare with CHGR). A subcell contain one or more CHGRs using the same system type (i.e. one frequency band).

Channel Group

Fractional Load Fractional Load Planning

Subcell

CHGR Overlaid subcell CHGR


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Cell CHGR Underlaid subcell CHGR

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Figure 1. A cell divided into subcells and CHGRs. The subcell defines the area of the subcell. The CHGR is used to turn frequency hopping on/off.

1.5

Abbreviations
AMR CHGR EFR FLP MAIO TSC Adaptive Multi Rate Channel Group Enhanced Full Rate Fractional Load Planning Mobile Allocation Index Offset Training Sequence Code

2
2.1

Configurations and Parameter settings


Introduction
The examples that follow are all three-sector sites (three cells) with various numbers of TRXs installed. One is used for the BCCH. The orientation of the cells (A, B and C) is as figure 1. The BCCH has a reuse of 12 (12 frequencies). Blocked configuration means that the BCCH frequencies and the TCH frequencies are separated in different parts of the spectrum, e.g. BCCH CHGR using frequency 1 to 12 and hopping TCH CHGR using frequency 13 to 18. BCCH/TCH staggered configuration means that the dedicated BCCH frequencies and dedicated hopping TCH frequencies are evenly spread within the available spectrum. E.g. BCCH frequencies are 2,3,5,6,7,9,10,12,13,14,16,17 and TCH hopping frequencies are 1,4,8,11,15,18. The parameter settings in the examples in this document are based on that it is better to shift FNOFFSET rather than HSN for synchronized cells (co-sited cells) when there is a lack of frequencies to get a controlled (under the circumstances low) interference. With few frequencies: it is acceptable with adjacent MAIOs within a cell as long as the plan is staggered BCCH/TCH.

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consider changing FNOFFSET rather than HSN. Same HSN/FNOFFSET/MAIO combination should not be used within a site (or synchronized cells) without differentiating the FNOFFSETs. adjacent MAIOs between cells should work fine with staggered BCCH/TCH. However if the frequency plan is blocked the place to consider is the cell borders. This is yet to be tested in the field as it depends on the geographical distribution of mobiles using adjacent frequencies.

TSC is not an issue at adjacent channel interference. However, synchronized cochannel interferers with the same TSC should be as far apart as possible. AMR has in general more coding than EFR. Therefore there is more gain from frequency- and interference diversity. The difference in planning between AMR and EFR regarding HSN/MAIO/FNOFFSET is yet to be tested in the field. For further support: ASQ.us@ericsson.com A

Figure 1. Orientation of the three cells of a sector.

2.2
2.2.1

Site with 2/2/2 TRXs, 6 hopping frequencies


Blocked configuration
BCCH: Frequency 1-12 TCH: Frequency 13-18 MAIO: A=(0), B=(2), C=(4) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 (Same within site. Use any except HSN=0.) FNOFFSET: A=0, B=0, C=0 Comment: There will be some adjacency interference between the TCH and BCCH band without a guard band frequency.

2.2.2

BCCH/TCH Staggered Configuration


BCCH: Frequency 2,3,5,6,7,9,10,12,13,14,16,17 (Spread out evenly) TCH: Frequency 1,4,8,11,15,18 (Spread out evenly) MAIO: A=(0), B=(2), C=(4) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 (Same within site. Use any except HSN=0.) FNOFFSET: A=0, B=0, C=0

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Comment: By still spreading the MAIOs, the effect of adjacent BCCH frequencies will be less harmful.

2.3
2.3.1

Site with 2/2/2 TRXs, 5 hopping frequencies


Blocked configuration
BCCH: Frequency 1-12 TCH: Frequency 13-17 MAIO: A=(0), B=(2), C=(4) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 (Same within site. Use any except HSN=0.) FNOFFSET: A=0, B=0, C=0 Comment: Some adjacent collisions will occur between cell A and C.

2.3.2

BCCH/TCH Staggered Configuration


BCCH: Frequency 2,3,4,6,7,8,10,11,12,14,15,16 (Spread out evenly) TCH: Frequency 1,5,9,13,17 (Spread out evenly) MAIO: A=(0), B=(2), C=(4) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 (Same within site. Use any except HSN=0.) FNOFFSET: A=0, B=0, C=0 Comment: By still spreading the MAIOs, the effect of adjacent BCCH frequencies will be less harmful. Some adjacent collisions will occur between cell A and C.

2.4
2.4.1

Site with 3/3/3 TRXs, 6 hopping frequencies


Blocked configuration
BCCH: Frequency 1-12 TCH: Frequency 13-18 MAIO: A=(0,3), B=(1,4), C=(2,5) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 (Same within site. Use any except HSN=0.) FNOFFSET: A=0, B=0, C=0 Comment: At high load adjacent channel interference within the site will be high.

2.4.2

BCCH/TCH Staggered Configuration


BCCH: Frequency 2,3,5,6,7,9,10,12,13,14,16,17 (Spread out evenly) TCH: Frequency 1,4,8,11,15,18 (Spread out evenly) MAIO: A=(0,3), B=(1,4), C=(2,5)

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HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 (Same within site. Use any except HSN=0.) FNOFFSET: A=0, B=0, C=0 Comment: At high load adjacent channel interference within the site will be high.

2.5
2.5.1

Site with 3/3/3 TRXs, 5 hopping frequencies


Blocked configuration
BCCH: Frequency 1-12 TCH: Frequency 13-17 MAIO: A=(0,2), B=(1,3), C=(0,2) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 (Same within site. Use any except HSN=0.) FNOFFSET: A=0, B=0, C=4 Comment: In this case the FNOFFSET for cell C is displaced to get a controlled (under the circumstances low) interference.

2.5.2

BCCH/TCH Staggered Configuration


BCCH: Frequency 2,3,4,6,7,8,10,11,12,14,15,16 (Spread out evenly) TCH: Frequency 1,5,9,13,17 (Spread out evenly) MAIO: A=(0,2), B=(1,3), C=(0,2) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 (Same within site. Use any except HSN=0.) FNOFFSET: A=0, B=0, C=4 Comment: In this case the FNOFFSET for cell C is displaced to get a controlled (under the circumstances low) interference.

2.6
2.6.1

Site with 4/4/4 TRXs, 6 hopping frequencies


Blocked configuration
BCCH: Frequency 1-12 TCH: Frequency 13-18 MAIO: A=(0,2,4), B=(1,3,5), C=(0,2,4) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 FNOFFSET: A=0, B=0, C=4 Comment: In this case the FNOFFSET for cell C is displaced to get a controlled (under the circumstances low) interference.

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2.6.2

BCCH/TCH Staggered Configuration


BCCH: Frequency 2,3,5,6,7,9,10,12,13,14,16,17 (Spread out evenly) TCH: Frequency 1,4,8,11,15,18 (Spread out evenly) MAIO: A=(0,2,4), B=(1,3,5), C=(0,2,4) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 (Same within site. Use any except HSN=0.) FNOFFSET: A=0, B=0, C=4 Comment: In this case the FNOFFSET for cell C is displaced to get a controlled (under the circumstances low) interference.

2.7
2.7.1

Site with 4/4/4 TRXs, 5 hopping frequencies


Blocked configuration
BCCH: Frequency 1-12 TCH: Frequency 13-17 MAIO: A=(0,2,4), B=(0,2,4), C=(0,2,4) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 (Same within site. Use any except HSN=0.) FNOFFSET: A=0, B=4, C=8 Comment: In this case the FNOFFSETs are displaced to get a controlled (under the circumstances low) interference.

2.7.2

BCCH/TCH Staggered Configuration


BCCH: Frequency 2,3,4,6,7,8,10,11,12,14,15,16 (Spread out evenly) TCH: Frequency 1,5,9,13,17 (Spread out evenly) MAIO: A=(0,2,4), B=(1,3,4), C=(0,2,4) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 (Same within site. Use any except HSN=0.) FNOFFSET: A=0, B=4, C=8 Comment: In this case the FNOFFSETs are displaced to get a controlled (under the circumstances low) interference.

2.8
2.8.1

Site with 5/5/5 TRXs, 6 hopping frequencies


Blocked configuration
BCCH: Frequency 1-12 TCH: Frequency 13-18 MAIO: A=(0,1,2,3), B=(0,1,2,3), C=(0,1,2,3) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 FNOFFSET: A=0, B=4, C=8

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Comment: In this case the FNOFFSETs are displaced to get a controlled (under the circumstances low) interference.

2.8.2

BCCH/TCH Staggered Configuration


BCCH: Frequency 2,3,5,6,7,9,10,12,13,14,16,17 (Spread out evenly) TCH: Frequency 1,4,8,11,15,18 (Spread out evenly) MAIO: A=(0,1,2,3), B=(0,1,2,3), C=(0,1,2,3) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 (Same within site. Use any except HSN=0.) FNOFFSET: A=0, B=4, C=8 Comment: In this case the FNOFFSETs are displaced to get a controlled (under the circumstances low) interference.

2.9
2.9.1

Site with 5/5/5 TRXs, 5 hopping frequencies


Blocked configuration
BCCH: Frequency 1-12 TCH: Frequency 13-17 MAIO: A=(0,1,2,3), B=(0,1,2,3), C=(0,1,2,3) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 (Same within site. Use any except HSN=0.) FNOFFSET: A=0, B=4, C=8 Comment: In this case the FNOFFSETs are displaced to get a controlled (under the circumstances low) interference.

2.9.2

BCCH/TCH Staggered Configuration


BCCH: Frequency 2,3,4,6,7,8,10,11,12,14,15,16 (Spread out evenly) TCH: Frequency 1,5,9,13,17 (Spread out evenly) MAIO: A=(0,1,2,3), B=(0,1,2,3), C=(0,1,2,3) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 (Same within site. Use any except HSN=0.) FNOFFSET: A=0, B=4, C=8 Comment: In this case the FNOFFSETs are displaced to get a controlled (under the circumstances low) interference.

2.10

Site with 2/2/2 TRXs, 8 hopping frequencies


BCCH: Frequency 1-12 (Blocked) TCH: Frequency 210-217 (Block of 8 frequencies) MAIO: A=(0), B=(2), C=(4) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 (Same within site. Use any except HSN=0.) FNOFFSET: A=0, B=0, C=0

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2.11

Site with 3/3/3 TRXs, 8 hopping frequencies


BCCH: Frequency 1-12 (Blocked) TCH: Frequency 210-217 (Block of 8 frequencies) MAIO: A=(0,4), B=(1,5), C=(2,6) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 (Same within site. Use any except HSN=0.) FNOFFSET: A=0, B=0, C=0

2.12

Site with 4/4/4 TRXs, 8 hopping frequencies


BCCH: Frequency 1-12 (Blocked) TCH: Frequency 210-217 (Block of 8 frequencies) MAIO: A=(0,2,4), B=(1,3,5), C=(0,2,4) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 FNOFFSET: A=0, B=0, C=4

2.13

Unsymmetrical configurations with 6 hopping frequencies


To start with an example: Site with 5/3/5 TRXs, 6 hopping frequencies BCCH: Frequency 1-12 (Blocked) TCH: Frequency 210-215 (Block of 6 frequencies) MAIO: A=(1,2,4,5), B=(0,3), C=(1,2,4,5) HSN: A=10, B=10, C=10 FNOFFSET: A=0, B=0, C=4 Below are some MAIO/FNOFFSET configurations with 6 hopping frequencies. All FNOFFSETs are 0 unless stated. The configurations are simplified showing the number of hopping TRXs with MAIO list within parenthesis for each sector.

2.13.1

2/2/3 TRXs
One TRX for each cell is used for non-hopping BCCH. This leaves the hopping TRXs with the following configuration: 1(0)/1(2)/2(3,5)

2.13.2

2/3/3 TRXs
One TRX for each cell is used for non-hopping BCCH. This leaves the hopping TRXs with the following configuration: 1(0)/2(2,5)/2(1,4)

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2.13.3

2/3/4 TRXs
One TRX for each cell is used for non-hopping BCCH. This leaves the hopping TRXs with the following configuration: 1(0)/2(2,4)/3(1,3,5)

2.13.4

2/4/4 TRXs
One TRX for each cell is used for non-hopping BCCH. This leaves the hopping TRXs with the following configuration: 1(0)/3(0,2,4)/3(1,3,5) (FNOFFSET=4 on the first cell)

2.13.5

3/3/4 TRXs
One TRX for each cell is used for non-hopping BCCH. This leaves the hopping TRXs with the following configuration: 2(0,2)/2(0,2)/3(1,3,5) (FNOFFSET=4 on the first cell)

2.13.6

3/4/4 TRXs
One TRX for each cell is used for non-hopping BCCH. This leaves the hopping TRXs with the following configuration: 2(0,2)/3(0,2,4)/3(1,3,5) (FNOFFSET=4 on the first cell)

2.13.7

3/4/5 TRXs
One TRX for each cell is used for non-hopping BCCH. This leaves the hopping TRXs with the following configuration: 2(0,3)/3(0,2,4)/4(1,2,4,5) (FNOFFSET=4 on the middle cell)

2.13.8

3/5/5 TRXs
One TRX for each cell is used for non-hopping BCCH. This leaves the hopping TRXs with the following configuration: 2(0,3)/4(1,2,4,5)/4(1,2,4,5) (FNOFFSET=4 on the middle cell)

2.13.9

4/4/5 TRXs
One TRX for each cell is used for non-hopping BCCH. This leaves the hopping TRXs with the following configuration: 3(0,2,4)/3(1,3,5)/4(1,2,4,5) (FNOFFSET=4 on the last cell)

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2.13.10

4/5/5 TRXs
One TRX for each cell is used for non-hopping BCCH. This leaves the hopping TRXs with the following configuration: 3(0,2,4)/4(1,2,4,5)/4(1,2,4,5) (FNOFFSET=4 on the middle cell, FNOFFSET=8 on the last cell)

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