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A G UIDE TO P ROGRAM B ENEFITS US Customs and Border Protection C-TPAT Program,


US Customs and Border Protection C-TPAT Program, Office of Field Operations

Examination Statistics Post 2001

This brochure has been developed to generally explain the benefits of C-TPAT membership. Examination benefits are an important part of the C-TPAT Program.

The program has indicated from its inception that C-TPAT importers are 4 to 6 times less likely to incur a security or compliance examination.

To understand the scope of this benefit it is important to understand the extent to which CBP examination rates have increased since 2001. CBP has significantly in- creased its exam rates over the last several years due in large part to the increased use of Non Intrusive Inspec- tions and other targeting tools. The following is a break- down of examination rates by transportation mode from FY 2002 to 2008:

rates by transportation mode from FY 2002 to 2008: The calculations to the right reflect exam

The calculations to the right reflect exam rates multi- plied by the number of containers which crossed U.S. borders in 2008 per mode of transportation. These rates for 2008 show that exam rates have significantly in- creased on all cross border movements since 2001. Thus, if C-TPAT members state their 2008 exam rates are lower than these levels (many say they are significantly lower) then the C-TPAT program is delivering on the expectation of fewer examinations for its members.

11 million truck contain- ers crossed our borders

11 million truck contain- ers crossed our borders

11 million multiplied by

the exam rate of 25.2% = 2,772,000 exams




1 in every 4 trucks was examined.

11.3 million sea contain-


million sea contain-

ers crossed our borders


million multiplied by

the exam rate of 3% = 339,000 exams



1 out of every 33 sea containers was examined.

2.7 million rail containers crossed our borders

2.7 million rail containers crossed our borders

2.7 million multiplied by exam rate of 90.9% = 2,454,300 exams




A 68% increase in exams from 2002.


million crossings for all modes

25.1 million crossings for all modes


million multiplied by

the exam rate of 22.4% =





One exam occurs every 5 movements.


We understand that as America’s frontline, the secu- rity of a nation rests on our shoulders. We have learned the lessons of 9/11 and are working day and night to make America safer and more secure.”

Former CBP Commissioner Robert C. Bonner

Front of the Line privileges are granted to C-TPAT contain- ers that are selected for an examination. To the extent pos- sible and practicable the containers can be moved ahead of any non C-TPAT shipments awaiting exam, regardless of how long they have been there. This can translate into sub- stantial monetary savings in that containers will not wait as long in line at a Container Examination Site and although they are still being examined, they will be processed more quickly than non members.

Business Resumption is a benefit that many in the C- TPAT program may not view as tangible but certainly a sig- nificant reason for joining a program. CBP has conducted comprehensive business resumption planning in the event of a significant disruption in the flow of trade to ensure actions are taken to maintain communication and coordination of CBP processes at our border with U.S. Government and foreign government stakeholders, as well as the trade com- munity. C-TPAT status will be taken into consideration when CBP resumes the processing of shipments.

Marketability through involvement in C-TPAT can be asso-

ciated with things that every company needs to maintain:

reputation and brand

equity. Much like certi- fication with other U.S. government agencies or the International Standards Organiza- tion (ISO) C-TPAT membership can raise a company’s reputa- tion and ability to se- cure business. C- TPAT requires con- tractual language for its members when choosing service pro- viders. Many compa- nies have taken this a step further and pre- pared contracts that not only require C- TPAT criteria compli- ance, but actual C-

TPAT membership. Companies eligible to apply and which are involved in the international supply chain can readily improve their marketability and overall

brand equity through C-TPAT membership.

Mutual Recognition will eventually lead to the globalization of supply chain security standards and be of paramount im- portance for those companies seeking true global supply chain security benefits. CBP has signed mutual recognition agreements with: New Zealand, Canada and Jordan. Com- panies which participate in C-TPAT will have the assurance that their standing in the program will be made available if they so chose to those foreign Customs Administrations with which CBP has signed a mutual recognition arrange- ment. Foreign customs administrations will be able to factor this information into their own risk determinations which may lead to fewer, less redundant validations. Mutual Recogni- tion will result in end to end supply chain security.

Tiered Benefit Levels for importer partners ensure that ex- amination benefits are commensurate with the partner’s status in the program and are recognized by the Security and Accountability for Every (SAFE) Port act . Minimal pro- gram benefits are afforded until after an on-site validation is performed to confirm that the C-TPAT member has in fact adopted tighter security measures. The highest level of pro- gram benefits are awarded to those partners that exceed the minimum-security criteria through innovation and dedication to excellence. Several statistical measures are displayed below which demonstrate the approximate size of the C- TPAT membership in terms of import value and entries filed. It also quantifies in approximate terms the relief from exami- nations that a C-TPAT participant can realize based upon its Tier level.

Free and Secure Trade (FAST) lane access is given to those C-TPAT mem- bers who are certified members of the pro- gram. C-TPAT compli- ant shipments entering the U.S. from either Canada or Mexico are able to use designated lanes at numerous border crossings and have special consid- eration during the ex- amination process. Highway Carriers view FAST as a substantial benefit as it saves bor- der crossing time and is an excellent market- ing tool to show poten- tial customers they are in compliance with C- TPAT security criteria.

Stratified Exam Benefit provides relief to program mem- bers in the form of cost savings. An examination may be required on an entry that has many line items, yet only one of those line items is the subject of a compliance exam. This often meant that multiple container shipments must be held for only one line item, yet storage costs will be collected on all the containers. C-TPAT created the stratified exam bene- fit as a means to alleviate this additional cost. This benefit allows the Importer to move all but the container that actu- ally has the line item in question to their premises. The Im- porter must ensure the containers that are moved remain sealed and available for inspection should CBP decide to examine them but one can immediately recognize the bene- fit of only paying storage for one container on an entry that may actually have eight.

immediately recognize the bene- fit of only paying storage for one container on an entry that
The Fight Against Terrorism is the most statuesque benefit of C-TPAT and allows CBP and

The Fight Against Terrorism is the most statuesque benefit of C-TPAT and allows CBP and those members of the trade community who are willing to go the extra step to work together to enhance international supply chain security and prevent potentially crippling economic disruption.

Improving Supply Chain Efficiency as well as Security

The University of Virginia (UVA) surveyed more than 1,700 C-TPAT members in 2007 regarding their views of the benefits and costs associated with membership in the pro- gram. The study identified several tangible and intangible benefits associated with the program. Several of the findings and conclusions are restated below and to the right.

C-TPAT benefits equaled or outweighed the affiliated costs

Greater ability to predict lead time

Decrease in supply chain disruptions

Decrease in wait times for carriers at border

• Decrease in wait times for carriers at border Partnership Retention Reflects Good Reasons To Join
Partnership Retention Reflects Good Reasons To Join Definitely will 78.1% stay Probably will 18.1% stay
Partnership Retention Reflects Good
Reasons To Join
Definitely will
Probably will
Not sure
Probably will
not stay
Definitely will
not stay


Increase in number of customers and revenues

Establishment of supply chain security procedures where none existed before

More frequent review of service providers security stan- dards

Reduce cargo theft and pilferage

Improve security for workforce

Interested parties are encouraged to view the complete survey results at WWW.CBP.GOV.

Potential Benefits for all Businesses According to the UVA Study



Reduce time and cost of getting cargo released by CBP


Reduce time in CBP secondary cargo inspection lines


Improve predictability in moving goods and ser- vices across borders


Reduce penalties


Generate significant opportunities for cost avoid- ance


Improve security for workforce


Reduce cargo theft and pilferage


Access to FAST program


Improve asset utilization


Reduce insurance rates


**Mean rating on a 4-point scale:

(extremely important to extremely unimportant)

Other C-TPAT Benefits

Access to individually assigned Supply Chain Security Specialist (SCSS) to discuss security issues

Input into further development of C-TPAT program

Invitation to attend C-TPAT training and seminars such as the annual C-TPAT symposium which provides opportuni- ties to network with other C-TPAT members

Access to web based C-TPAT Portal system and “Public Library” of training materials and information

Future C-TPAT Benefits

Since its inception C-TPAT has made remarkable strides in developing program benefits and will continue to explore new benefits that are relevant to a security focused program. Key points in this regard include:

Benefits must continue to be within the of control of both CBP and the C-TPAT program and have connectivity to

current benefits

Benefits must have realistic applications (e.g. 100% relief from examination or no payments of duty are not plausi- ble)

C-TPAT will examine the Tier benefit structure in an effort to ensure that the program is addressing the needs of its current and future members as well as the needs of CBP.

We know that we’re going to have to focus more of our energies on trade enforcement and facilitation”.

CBP Commissioner Ralph Basham at recent 6 th quar- terly meeting of the 10 th term of the Departmental Advi- sory Committee on Commercial Operations (COAC)


“Given the nature of our business Pfizer has always had a focus on supply chain security. We are delighted to work with CBP in partnership to hone in on potential gaps.” Anthony Barone, Director, Global Logistics Policy, Pfizer Global Manufacturing.

“The audit from our perspective went very well. Our Supply Chain Security Specialist was very professional, well organized, and really seemed to know the business. The C-TPAT program is truly a partnership, and the validation process proved that.” David G. Sprankle, Assistant Chief of Police-US, Canadian National Railway.

“Yes, C-TPAT membership has definitely helped our import activity, we have experienced far less delays in the cus- tom clearance of our cargo arriving from Europe. This not only saved us valuable time in getting our merchandise to our customers, but also money. So, overall we think it is very beneficial to our business.” Laura Kope, Trust Interna- tional Corp.

“The SCSS team’s approach was flexible in both the preparation and validations of our facilities. They provided practical recommendations that made a big impact on our supply chain security with only minimal changes to our security practices and limited investment to the company.” Frank Chioccola, Senior Manager, Global Customs & Trade, PepsiCo International.

“Our transporters, which are all C-TPAT accredited, can use at the U.S. border the ‘FAST Lane’ which minimizes the time to cross the border. Only two (2) of our transporters were inspected since our accreditation in November 2007. All of our suppliers and new suppliers can be checked in the C-TPAT Web Portal, which is an excellent tool. It contains all new exigencies, news and it is a direct link to CBP”. Confab Laboratories Inc.

“We use the FAST lane almost exclusively for shipments from our plants in Mexico to the US. This allows us to have predictable transit times, which, in turn, allows us to schedule carriers to pick up goods and maximize the effi- ciency of our suppliers, our freight carriers, and our workforce. This predictability also enables us to provide consis- tent delivery information to customers which contributes to overall customer satisfaction. C-TPAT has become inte- grated into our business practices at A.O. Smith. It is part of our corporate culture.” Kathleen Neal, LCB, CSC/P, Director, Trade Compliance, A.O. Smith Corporation

“The message from most companies is: ‘It's well worth it to be part of this security program.' That bodes well for the program's continued growth and for our nation's safety.” David Hartman, Senior Research Director at the University of Virginia Center for Survey Research.

“Over the course of Wet Seal’s participation in the C-TPAT program, Wet Seal has implemented a number of secu- rity improvements that have resulted in the realization of measurable benefits to the company…. I am very proud of the accomplishments Wet Seal has made in our security and supply chain processes as a result of our participation in the C-TPAT program. I am confident that we will continue to develop innovative and improved processes as the program develops and I look forward to our continued participation and partnership with CBP.” Anthony Melendez, Director of Imports and Customs Compliance, Wet Seal/Arden B

of Imports and Custom s Compliance, Wet Seal/Arden B For More Information on this or other
of Imports and Custom s Compliance, Wet Seal/Arden B For More Information on this or other

For More Information on this or other C-TPAT issues, please visit the C-TPAT website at: Or email the C-TPAT Industry Partnership Mailbox at: