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JICAs Safeguard Policy & Strengthening Country systems

Takaaki Kawano
Director Environmental and Social Considerations Review Division Credit Risk Analysis and Environmental Review Dept. Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) 18 April 2012
The views in this presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the government they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this presentation and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

1. New JICA

MOFA Grant aid JICA Technical Cooperation JBIC ODA Loans L International Financial Ope a o s (OOF) Operations (OO )

Pro iding Comprehensi e Providing Comprehensive Assistance Grant aid Technical Cooperation ODA Loans

2. Outline of JICA Operation

Content of Cooperation 1. Developing Countries for Assistance 2. JICAs Loan Aid Projects 3. 3 JICAs Grant Aid Projects 4. JICAs Technical Cooperation Expenses 5. Training Participants 6. Experts Dispatched 7. Volunteers Dispatched FY 2010 150 countries $6.1 billion $1.2 $1 2 billion $1.9 billion 23,978 persons 8,296 persons 1,892 persons

3. New Safeguard Policy

New JICA Environmental and Social Guidelines Effective on 1 July 2010 Integrating JICA and JBIC environmental guidelines 2) Important revisions i) th World Banks S f the W ld B k Safeguard P li i d Policies JICA confirms that Project do not deviate significantly from the World Banks Safeguard Bank s Policies. ) y ii) JICAs Advisory Committee for Environmental and Social Considerations advise on new projects (Category A)

4. Categorization g

[FY 2010] 1) Loan Aide (50 projects): A 40%, B 36%, C 16%, FI 8% 2) G t Aide (197 projects): A 3% B 19% C 78% Grant Aid j t ) 3%, 19%, 3) Technical Cooperation (186 projects): A2%, B3%, C 95%

5. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

For Category A projects EIA should include the elements stated in the World Banks Safeguard Policy, Operational Policy ( ) 4.01, Annex B. p y (OP) , Prior to JICAs environmental review, JICA disclose approved EIA reports on JICA website. d t JICAs b it

6. Involuntary Resettlement (1) (For Category A projects) Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) RAP should include the elements stated in the World Banks Safeguard Policy, OP 4.12, Annex A. Prior compensation, at full replacement cost To Improve standard of living or at least to restore it to pre-project levels G Grievance mechanisms must be established

7. Involuntary Resettlement (2)

Current issues i) Livelihood restoration (baseline study) ii) G i Grievance redress mechanism d h i iii) Resettlement action plan at F/S stage

8. Ecosystem
(1)Projects must not involve significant conversion or significant degradation of critical natural habitats and critical forests. (2)Projects must, in principle, be undertaken outside of protected areas that are specifically designated by laws or ordinances for the conservation of nature or cultural heritage heritage.

9. WB OP4.04 Natural Habitats Project Design and Implementation 4. The Bank does not support projects that, in the Bank's opinion, involve the significant conversion or degradation of critical natural habitats habitats.
OP 4.04, Annex A - Definitions (b) Critical natural habitats are: i. existing protected areas and areas officially proposed by governments as protected areas and sites that maintain conditions vital for the viability of these protected areas

10. WB OP4.04 Natural Habitats OP 4.04, Annex A - Definitions Significant conversion is the elimination or severe diminution of the integrity of a critical or other natural h bit t caused b a major, l t l habitat d by j long-term t change in land or water use Degradation is modification of a critical or other natural habitat that substantially reduces the habitat's bilit to h bit t' ability t maintain viable populations of it i t i i bl l ti f its native species.

11. Harmonization on Safeguard Policies & Strengthening Country systems

1. Main donors: WB, ADB, AusAID, JICA, etc. 2. Technical Assistance (i) World Banks T/A (AusAIDs trust fund) (ii) JICAs T/A : Study on projects in natural habitats (in collaboration with WB) (iii) C ( ) JICAs proposed study Involuntary resettlement, Stakeholder meeting, and Land Acquisition L dA i iti (in collaboration with WB, ADB, etc.) 3. Schedule 3 S h d l Meetings: (i) 20 April 2012, (ii) 23-25 May 2012

12. JICAs T/A: Study on Projects in natural habitats

In collaboration with the World Bank i)Review of International Practices for considerations on natural habitats and biodiversity in development projects ii)Best practice case studies for managing biodiversity, habitat, and ecosystem service iii)Guidance Notes in project cycle - TOR for M/P and F/S, Appraisal, Monitoring F/S Appraisal iv) Develop training materials The study would start from August this year year.

13. JICAs proposed study

In ll b ti I collaboration with ADB W ld B k and A AID ith ADB, World Bank, d AusAID Southeast Asia 1. Involuntary resettlement i) Livelihood restoration (baseline study) ii) Grievance Redress Mechanism (Legacy issues) iii) Resettlement action plan at F/S stage 2. Stakeholder meetings

South Asia 1. Land Acquisition issues (Replacement cost)

Thank you very much much.