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Phrasal verbs A phrasal verb is a verb+preposition or adverb (go away, turn off) Phrasal verbs are often used

in conversation instead of more formal verbs. e.g. go on instead of continue. a Some phrasal verbs have a literal meaning Complete with a preposition or adverb. 1. Prices have gone .............. a lot. Everything is very expensive. 2. Can you fill ........................ this form please? 3. He got ................. the bus and walked home. b Many phrasal verbs have idiomatic (non literal) meaning. Explain the meaning of these phrasal verbs. 1. Hurry up or we'll be late. 2. We'll have to put off the meeting until next week. 3. Did you find out what time the film starts? 4. We set off early, at 6.00 in the morning. c The same verb with a different preposition has a different meaning. What's the difference between .....? 1. I'm looking after my sister/ I'm looking for my sister. 2. He's gone out/He's gone away. 3. Turn the radio off/ Turn the radio down! 4. The film is on now./ The film is over now. d Some phrasal verbs have more than one meaning Give two different meanings of 1 get on 2 take off 3 pick up Phrasal verbs: separable or not? Read and add an example from the list to each category. put on go away run out of look after There are four kinds of phrasal verbs. 1. Phrasal verbs without an object (non-separable) break down , ________________ My car broke down on the motorway. 2. Phrasal verbs that can be separated by an object turn down, _________________ If the object is a noun , it can go either after both parts of the phrasal verb or between them. Turn down the radio/Turn the radio down. If the object is a pronoun it must go between the two parts. Turn it down. NOT Turn down it. 3. Phrasal verbs that can't be separated by an object. look for , _________________ With some phrasal verbs the two words must always go together. John's looking for a pen./for it. NOT John's looking it for. 4. Phrasal verbs with two prepositions/ adverbs

get on with, __________________ The words in these phrasal verbs cannot be separated. I don't get on with my sister. NOT I don't get on my sister with. PRACTICE a Use your instinct. Cross out the wrong sentence. Sometimes both are possible. 1. Could you look after the baby?/look the baby after? 2. Take off your coat!/Take your coat off! 3. I'm looking forward to the holidays./looking forward the holidays to. 4.Shall we go this evening out?/go out this evening? b Write sentences with a separable phrasal verb + pronoun (it/him etc) to follow on from sentences 110/ Use a verb from the first box and a word from the second. take / throw / give / call / try /put (x3) / wake / turn / pick

back (x2) / away (x2) / on (x2) / up (x2) / off / down / out The TV is too loud. It's 11.30. Turn it down! 1. It's bad luck to wear a hat in the house. ____________________________________ 2. Don't drop paper in the street. ____________________________________________ 3. Don't leave your books on the bed. ________________________________________ 4. Those shoes are too old to wear now. ______________________________________ 5. Your brother's still in bed and it's 10.00. ____________________________________ 6. I can't talk to you now. I'm busy. __________________________________________ 7. You've taken my pen! ___________________________________________________ 8. You must wear a seatbelt. ________________________________________________ 9. I'm not sure if that sweater is your size. ____________________________________ 10. You can't smoke that cigarette here. ______________________________________ B2 phrasal verbs 1. break out (to begin suddenly) 2. bring about (cause to happen) 3. call off (cancel) 4. carry out (fulfill or perform) 5. catch up with (come level with) 6. come up with (think of sth) 7. drop out (to leave competition, social or educational system) 8. fall behind (fail to remain level) 9. fall out with (quarrel) 10. give out (distribute) 11. look into (investigate) 12. make up (invent)

13. make up for sth (compensate for sth) 14. put away (store) 15. sign up for (join a course or organization) 16. tidy up (to make neat) 17. take over (gain control) 18. take up (fill time, space) 19. turn down (refuse an offer) 20. turn out (prove to be) B2E phrasal verbs 1. bring forward (move sth to an earlier date) 2. do with (want) 3. figure out (solve a problem, understand) 4. get by (survive) 5. get over (recover) 6. get away with (to manage to do sth bad without being punished) 7. give in (admit defeat) 8. go out (stop burning) 9. go with (match) 10. keep up with (to stay a the same level) 11. look up to (respect, admire) 12. look down on (despise) 13. make up ones mind (decide) 14. sell out (sell the whole supply) 15. show off (behave to attract attention) 16. split up / break up (to end a retationship) 17. take in (fully understand) 18. take to (like) 19. work out (find a solution) 20. write off (to regard sth/sb as a failure) PRACTICE Paraphrase these sentences. Use the words given. 1. Jack stole the money and escaped the consequences. GET Jack got away with stealing the money. 2. I really respect my father. LOOK 3. Sarah has recovered from her illness now. GET 4. He always behaves to attract attention at parties. 5. John and Mary have quarrelled again. FALL


6. A French company bought our company last year. TAKE 7. In my opinion she has invented the story. MAKE 8. The organisers decided to cancel the match. CALL 9. We offered him the job but he refused to take it. TURN 10. The war began suddenly. BREAK 11. In the army all orders have to be fulfilled. CARRY 12. The room is a mess! Why don't you make it clean? TIDY 13.I can't find an answer to the problem. FIGURE 14. You are going too fast! I can't stay in the same place as you! KEEP 15. The wonderful dinner compensated for the bad service. MAKE 16. Have you thought of an answer yet? FIND 17. You'll soon develop a liking for your new boss, I'm sure. TAKE 18. The meeting occupied a whole morning. TAKE 19. He happened to be in the end an old friend of Helen. TURN 20. The crisis was caused by Brenda's resignation. BRING 21. He just wants to rest and hear the news/ be up to date with his friends. CATCH 22.She had to stop taking part in the race half way through. DROP 23. The teacher distributed the exam papers. GIVE 24. The industry is failing to stay with the rest of Europe. FALL 25. The manager is investigating your complain. LOOK 26. I'm storing things for a rainy day. PUT 27. I've added my name to the list of people doing the pottery course. SIGN 28.I considered my symptons as not important. WRITE 29. I've found a better way of doing it. WORK 30. That's too much information for me to understand. TAKE 31. He told me he had ended his relationship with his girlfriend. BREAK/SPLIT 32. Today's performance is completely sold and there are no tickets left. SELL 33. I can't decide. MAKE 34. She tends to despise people who haven't been to college. LOOK 35. Does this skirt look good/combine well with my jumper? GO 36. There was a power cut and all the lights stopped shining. GO 37. I accept that I've been defeated - you have to give me the answer. GIVE 38. I don't know much Italian but I can survive. GET 39. I could have a drink now. I want it very much. DO 40. We'll have to move the final game to an earlier date. BRING