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UNIXguide.

net ( AIX, HPUX, LINUX & SOLARIS )

2000 UNIXguide.net, All Rights Reserved. Hermelito Go (Last Update: Friday, 14Jul2000 10:29:05 PDT)

Directory Mappings

AIX

HPUX

LINUX

SOLARIS

Root filesystem Home Directory

/ /home /tmp /usr /var

{/dev/hd4} {/dev/hd1} {/dev/hd3} {/dev/hd2} {/dev/hd9var}

/ {/dev/vg00/lvol1} /home {/dev/vg00/lvol4} /tmp /usr /var {/dev/vg00/lvol6} {/dev/vg00/lvol7} {/dev/vg00/lvol8}

/ {/dev/sda1}

/ {/dev/vx/dsk/rootvol} /export/home /dev/vx/dsk/home} /tmp /dev/vx/dsk/swapvol} /usr /var

Sample configuration files

/usr/newconfig

User Accounts

AIX

HPUX

LINUX

Solaris

Password files Groups file Maximum # of user ID Allow/Deny remote login User nobody's id # Group nobody's id #

/etc/passwd /etc/security/passwd /etc/group /etc/security/group 4294967295 /etc/security/user {rlogin=true} 4294967294 4294967294 boot from CD/Tape Installation/Maintenance Start Limited Shell getrootfs hdisk0 vi /etc/security/passwd mkuser rmuser lsuser f ALL chuser a

/etc/passwd /tcb/files/auth/r/root /etc/group /etc/logingroup 2147483647 /etc/securetty {console} 2 2(nogroup) ISL>hpux is vi /tcb/files/auth/r/root vi /etc/shadow useradd userdel logins usermod

/etc/passwd /etc/shadow /etc/group 65535 /etc/securetty {/dev/console} 99 99

/etc/passwd /etc/shadow /etc/group 2147483647 /etc/default/login {CONSOLE=/dev/console} 60001 & 65534(nobody4) 60002 & 65534(nogroup) boot cdrom s mount /dev/c0t0d0s0 /mnt vi /mnt/etc/shadow useradd userdel logins usermod

Recover root password

linux S vi /etc/shadow

Create new user Delete user List users Modify user account

useradd userdel logins usermod

General Commands

AIX

HPUX

LINUX

Solaris

Unique host ID Administrator Performance monitor System activity reporter Virtual Memory statistics I/O statistics

hostid smit top monitor sar vmstat iostat

uname i sam top glance sar vmstat iostat vmstat linuxconf top

hostid admintool top sar vmstat iostat

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Error logs Physical RAM Shared Memory Process Data Space Swap device Swap file type Display swap size Activate Swap

alog o t boot errpt 1M TB 64K TB 384K TB /dev/hd6 /etc/swapspaces lsps a swapon a

dmesg 4TB 8TB 4TB /dev/vg00/lvol2 swap swapinfo a swapon a

dmesg 64 GB {>2.3.24}

dmesg 16TB

900 MB /dev/sda2 partition type 82 free swapon a /dev/vx/dsk/swapvol swap swap l swap a

Printers

AIX

HPUX

LINUX

Solaris

Printer Queues Stop LP Start LP

/etc/qconfig stopsrc s lpd startsrc s lpd enq lp lpr qprt enq A lpq lpstat qchk cancel lprm qcan enq x smit mkpq smit rmpq export LPDEST="pq"

/etc/lp/interface/* lpshut lpsched

/var/spool/lpd/lp/* /etc/init.d/lpd stop /etc/init.d/lpd start

/etc/lp/interfaces/* /usr/lib/lp/lpshut /usr/lib/lp/lpsched lp lpr

Submit print jobs

lp

lpr

LP statistics

lpstat

lpq

lpstat

Remove print jobs

cancel

lprm

cancel lprm lpadmin p pq lpadmin x pq lpadmin d pq

Add printer queue Remove Printer queue Make default printer

lpadmin p pq lpadmin x pq lpadmin d pq

printtool

TCP/IP

AIX

HPUX

LINUX

Solaris

Network IP configuration Hosts IP addresses Name service switch Network parameters Routing daemon NIC Configurations Secondary IP Address Login prompt Increase the # of pseudoterminals

lsattr E l inet0 /etc/hosts /etc/netsvc.conf no a gated ifconfig a ifconfig en0 alias IP HERALD @ /etc/security/login.cfg odmget q "attribute=num and uniquetype=pty/pty/pty" PdAt | sed "s/064/0512/" | odmchange q "attribute=num and uniquetype=pty/pty/pty"

/etc/rc.config.d/netconf /etc/hosts /etc/nsswitch.conf ndd h gated lanscan v ifconfig lan0:1 IP telnetd b /etc/issue rebuild your kernel with these new values NPTY=# NSTRPY=# reboot

/etc/sysconfig/networkscripts/ /etc/hosts /etc/nsswitch.conf

/etc/hostname.* /etc/inet/* /etc/defaultrouter /etc/inet/hosts /etc/nsswitch.conf ndd /dev/[tcp|ip] ?

routed ifconfig a modprobe ip_alias ifconfig eth0:1 IP /etc/issue cd /dev ./MAKEDEV v pty

in.routed ifconfig a ifconfig hme0:1 IP up BANNER @ /etc/default/telnetd {/etc/system} set pt_cnt = # {SYSV} set npty = # {BSD} {/etc/iu.ap}

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o PdAt chdev l pty0 anum=256 P reboot insf d ptys n # insf d ptym n # insf d pts s # e v ptsl 0 # ldterm ttcompat halt boot r 176 {BSD} 3000 {SYSV} rsh /usr/lib/netsvc/yp/ypbind

Maximum # of ptys

512

{MAXUSERS}

256

Remote Shell YP/NIS service binder

remsh rsh /usr/lib/netsvc/yp/ypbind

remsh /usr/lib/netsvc/yp/ypbind

rsh /sbin/ypbind

System Files

AIX

HPUX

LINUX

Solaris

NFS exported NFS Client mounted directories File System File Size # File Descriptors

/etc/exports /etc/xtab 128 GB 64 GB 64 K

/etc/exports /etc/xtab 128 GB 128 GB 60~ K

/etc/exports /var/lib/nfs/xtab 2 TB 2 GB {512B block size} 8192 GB {8KB block size}

/etc/dfs/dfstab /etc/dfs/sharetab /etc/rmtab 1 TB 1 TB 64 K

DISK/LVM Commands

AIX

HPUX:Disk &Filesystem

LINUX

SOLARIS

Filesystem table Free disk blocks Device listing Disk information Disk Label LVM Concepts

/etc/filesystems df k lsdev C bootinfo s hdisk# lspv l hdisk# Partition Volume

/etc/fstab bdf /sbin/ioscan diskinfo /dev/rdsk/c#t#d# pvdisplay v /dev/dsk/C#t#d# logical extents logical volume

/etc/fstab df k cat /proc/devices

/etc/vfstab df k sysdef format d c#t#d# format>current format>inquiry

fdisk l logical extents logical volume

prtvtoc sub disk Volume Plex

Volume group Journal Filesystem type Default volume group Display volume group Modify physical volume Prepare physical disk List physical volume Remove disk from volume group Move logical volumes to another physical volumes Create volume group Remove volume group jfs /dev/rootvg lsvg l rootvg chpv mkdev c disk l hdisk# lspv reducevg migratepv mkvg

volume group vxfs /dev/vg00 vgdisplay v vg00 pvchange pvcreate pvdisplay vgreduce pvmove vgcreate vgremove

volume group ext2

disk group vxfs /dev/vx/dsk/rootdg

vgdisplay v pvchange pvcreate pvdisplay vgreduce pvmove vgcreate vgremove

vxprint l g rootdg

vxdiskadd vxprint dl vxdg rmdisk vxassist move vxdg init

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Volume group availability chvg varyonvg varyoffvg Restore volume group Exports volume group Imports volume group Volume group listing Change logical volume characteristics List logical volume Make logical volume Extend logical volume Reduce logical volume Remove logical volume Prepare boot volumes Remove boot volumes Extend File system Reduce/Split mirrors Merge mirrors Create mirrors Add mirrors Create striped volumes System recovery tape Backup Restore mklv c 2 mklvcopy lv 2 mklv u 3 S 64K mksysb i /dev/rmt0 savevg i rootvg restvg chfs a size=# rmlvcopy exportvg importvg lsvg chlv lslv mklv extendlv AIX reduce LV rmlv bootlist m normal vgchange vgcfgrestore vgexport vgimport vgscan lvchange lvdisplay lvcreate lvextend lvreduce lvremove lvlnboot lvrmboot extendfs F vxfs s # fsadm F vxfs b {LE * 1024} lvsplit lvmerge lvcreate m 1 lvextend m 1 lvcreate i 3 I 64 /opt/ignite/bin/make_recovery fbackup frecover tar cvf /dev/rst0 / tar xvf /dev/rst0 ufsdump ufsrestore lvcreate i 3 I 64 vxassist make * * layout=raid5 resize2fs lvsplit lvmerge vxassist mirror vxva mkfs M vgchange vgcfgrestore vgexport vgimport vgscan lvchange lvdisplay lvcreate lvextend lvreduce lvremove lilo vxedit set vxprint vl vxassist make vxassist growto vxassist shrinkto vxedit rm vxbootsetup vxdg deport vxdg import

MISC

AIX

HPUX

LINUX

SOLARIS

Startup script Kernel Kernel Parameters

/etc/rc /usr/lib/boot/unix_up lsattr E l sys0

/sbin/rc /stand/vmunix kmtune kmsystem cd /stand/build /usr/lbin/sysadm/system_prep v s system vi system mk_kernel s system cd /stand mv system system.prev mv vmunix vmunix.prev mv dlkm dlkm.prev mv ./build/system system kmupdate /stand/build kmadmin s kmadmin L kmadmin U

/etc/rc.d/rc /boot/vmlinuz /boot/vmlinuz cd /usr/src/linux make mrproper make menuconfig make dep make clean make bzimage make install make modules make modules_install lsmod insmod rmmod

/sbin/rc#runlevel /kernel/genunix sysdef i

Reconfigure the kernel

chdev l sys0 a

vi /etc/system

List modules Load module Unload module Initialize system install_assist

modinfo modload modunload sysunconfig

set_parms initial

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Physical RAM bootinfo r Kernel Bits Crash utility Machine model OS Level Run Level Core dump files getconf WORD_BIT crash uname m bootinfo m oslevel who r /var/adm/ras Key on service mode/F4 Boot from CD/Tape Select Maintenance Limited function Shell

grep i Physical /var/adm/syslog/syslog.log getconf KERNEL_BITS crashutil model uname m uname r who r /var/adm/crash

cat /proc/meminfo

prtconf isainfo kv crash

uname m uname r runlevel

uname imp uname r who r /var/crash/`uname n`

Boot single user

ISL>hpux iS

linux S

ok boot s

Maintenance mode Interrupt Key Return to console

ISL>hpux lm controlB co

ok boot as StopA ok go

Software

AIX

HPUX

LINUX

SOLARIS

Install Software Uninstall software List installed software Verify installed software List all files List installed patches Package owner SW Directory

installp a installp u lslpp L all lppchk v lslpp f fileset instfix i lslpp w path /usr/lpp

swinstall swremove swlist swlist l fileset a state swlist l file fileset swlist l patch what /stand/vmunix swlist l file | grep path /var/adm/sw/

rpm i package rpm e package rpm qa

pkgadd pkgrm pkginfo pkginfo i pkginfo p

rpm ql package

pkgchk l package patchadd p

rpm query file file /var/lib/rpm

pkgchk l p path /var/sadm

Devices

AIX

HPUX

LINUX

SOLARIS

Devices

/dev

/dev

/dev

/devices drvconfig devlinks disks tapes ports rem_drv prtconf D psrinfo v pmadm l /usr/platform/`uname m`/ sbin/prtdiag ok testall /opt/SUNWvts/bin/sunvts

Install devices for attached peripherals

cfgmgr v

insf e

/dev/MAKEDEV

Remove device Device drivers CPU List Terminal

rmdev l lscfg lsdev Cc processor lsdev Cc tty

rmsf lsdev ioscan fnC processor ioscan fnC tty

Diagnostics

diag

stm

Whole Disk CDROM

/dev/hdisk# /dev/cd0

/dev/dsk/c#t#d0 /dev/dsk/c#t2d0

/dev/sda /dev/cdrom

/dev/c#t#d0s2 /dev/dsk/c#t6d0s2

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CDROM file type Rewinding tape drive Nonrewinding tape drive Floppy drive cdrfs /dev/rmt0 /dev/rmt0.1 /dev/rfd0 cdfs /dev/rmt/0m /dev/rmt/0mn iso9660 /dev/rst0 c 9 0} /dev/nrst0 128 } /dev/fd0 { {c9 hsfs /dev/rmt/0 /dev/rmt/0n /dev/diskette

Links

AIX

HPUX

LINUX

SOLARIS

FAQ Online Manual Technical Support Phone Number Free Software Certification

AIXFAQ AIX 4.3 Books RS/6000 TechSupport 1800CALLAIX Bull www.ibm.com

HPUX FAQ HPUX 11.00 Collection IT Resource Center 18006333600 HPUX Ports education.hp.com

LINUX FAQ Linux Documentation Project Red Hat support 1888REDHAT1 Linux Software Map RHCE

Solaris 2 FAQ Solaris 7 Documentation SunSolve 1800USA4SUN Sun Freeware suned.sun.com