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The Koran Interpreted is a translation of the Qur'an (the Islamic religious text) by Arthur
John Arberry. The translation is from the original Arabic into English. First published in
1955, it is one of the most prominent written by a non-Muslim scholar. The title
acknowledges the orthodox view that the Qur'an cannot be translated, merely
interpreted.
Khaleel Mohammed writes that "the translation is without prejudice and is probably the
best around," while M. A. S. Abdel Haleem, himself a translator of the Qur'an, writes
that:
Arberry shows great respect towards the language of the Qur'an, particularly its
musical effects. His careful observation of Arabic sentence structure and
phraseology makes his translation very close to the Arabic original in
grammatical terms ... [however] this feature, along with the lack of any notes or
comments, can make the text seem difficult to understand and confusingly
unidiomatic.
Originally published in two volumes, the first containing suras 1-20, the second
containing 21-114, the text continues to be printed to this day, normally in one single
volume.
This document was prepared with borrowed etext for Arthur's Classic Novels.
Etext was prepared by volunteers. XHTML markup by Arthur Wendover. May 1,
2003. (See source text for details.) This is the etext version of the book The
Koran Interpreted A Translation by A. J. Arberry, taken from the original etext
koran-arberry10.txt.
Arthur's Classic Novels
The Koran Interpreted
A Translation by A. J. Arberry
Volume 1
Preface for Part One
The first rendering of the Koran into a western language was made by the
English scholar Robertus Retenensis in the twelfth century, at the instance of Peter the
Venerable, Abbot of Cluny; it was completed in 1143, and enjoyed a considerable
circulation in manuscript. Exactly four centuries later this mediaeval Latin version was
punished at Basle, the editor being Theodor Bibliander (Buchmann) of Zurich. It
abounds in inaccuracies and misunderstandings, and was inspired by hostile intention;

nevertheless it served as the foundation of the earliest translations into modem


European idioms.
In 1647 Andre du Ryer, a gentleman of France trading in the Levant, published a
French translation which took matters little farther. Two years later an English version of
this appeared, with the following curious title-page
'The Alcoran of Mahomet, Translated out of Arabick into French. By the Sieur du
Ryer, Lord of Malezair, and Resident for the French King, at ALEXANDRIA. And Newly
Englished, for the satisfaction of all that desire to look into the Turkish Vanities. To which
is prefixed, the Life of Mahomet, the Prophet of the Turks, and Author of the Alcoran.
With a Needful Caveat, or Admonition, for them who desire to know what Use may be
made of, or if there be danger in Reading the ALCORAN.'
Such was the somewhat inglorious beginning of the English interpretation of the
Holy Book of Islam. A quotation or two from the translator's address to the Christian
Reader will help to illustrate the spirit in which this version was offered:
'There being so many Sects and Heresies banded together against the Truth,
finding that of Mahomet wanting to the Muster, I thought good to bring it to their Colours,
that so viewing thine enemies in their full body, thou maist the better prepare to
encounter, and I hope overcome them. It may happily startle thee, to find him so to
speak English, as if he had made some Conquest on the Nation; but thou wilt soon
reject that fear, if thou consider that this his Alcoran (the Ground-work of the Turkish
Religion), hath been already translated into almost all Languages in Christendom (at
least, the most general, as the Latin, Italian, French, etc.), yet never gained any
Proselyte, where the Sword, its most forcible, and strongest argument hath not
prevailed. . . Thou shalt find it of so rude, and incongruous a composure, so farced with
contradictions, blasphemies, obscene speeches, and ridiculous fables, that some
modest, and more rational Mahometans have thus excused it; that their Prophet wrote
an hundred and twenty thousand sayings, whereof three thousand only are good, the
residue (as the impossibility of the Moons falling into his sleeve, the Conversion and
Salvation of the Devils, and the like) are false and ridiculous. Yet is the whole esteemed
so sacred, that upon the Cover thereof is inscribed -- Let none touch it but he who is
clean. Nor are the vulgar permitted to read it, but live and die in an implicite faith of what
their Priests deliver. . . . Therefore (Christian Reader) though some, conscious of their
own instability in Religion, and of theirs (too like Turks in this) whose prosperity and
opinions they follow, were unwilling this should see the Press, yet am I confident, if thou
hast been so true a votary to orthodox Religion, as to keep thy self untainted of their
follies, this shall not hurt thee; And as for those of that Batch, having once abandoned
the Sun of the Gospel, I believe they will wander as far into utter darkness, by following

strange lights, as by this Ignis Fatuus of the Alcoran. Such as it is, I present it to thee,
having taken the pains only to translate it out of French, not doubting, though it hath
been a poyson, that hath infected a very great, but most unsound part of the Universe, it
may prove an Antidote, to confirm in thee the health of Christianity.'
Such being the translator's estimate of the merits of the Koran, it is hardly
surprising that his version is very far from perfect. For instance, this is what he made of
the passage (Sura XII, 23-29) telling of the temptation of Joseph by Potiphar's wife:
'His Masters Wife became amorous of his Beauty, she one day shut him into her
Chamber, and solicited him with love; God defend me (said he) to betray my Master,
and be unchaste (he was in the number of the righteous) and fled to the Door; his
Mistress ran after him, and to stay him, tore his Shirt through the back: She met her
Husband behind the Door, to whom she said, what other thing doth he merit, who would
dishonour thine house, than to be imprisoned, and severely chastised? Lord, said
Joseph, she solicited me, that Infant which is in the Cradle, and of thy Parentage shall
be witness: Then the Infant in the Cradle said, if Joseph's Shirt be torn before, she hath
spoken truth, and Joseph is a liar; if the Shirt be rent behind, Joseph hath delivered the
truth, and she a liar: then her Husband beheld Joseph's Shirt torn behind, and knew that
it was extreme malice, and said to Joseph, take heed to thy self, and beware this act be
not divulged, do thou, speaking to his Wife, implore pardon for thy fault, thou art truly
guilty.'
A second specimen is this rendering of the beautiful account of the birth of Jesus
(Sura XIX, 16-34):
'Remember thou what is written of Mary, she retired towards the East, into a
place far remote from her Kindred, and took a Vail to cover her, we sent her our Spirit in
form of a man; she was afraid, and said, God will preserve me from thee, if thou have
his fear before thine eyes; he said, Oh Mary! I am the Messenger of God thy Lord, who
shall give thee a Son, active, and prudent: She answered, How shall I have a Son
without the touch of man? I desire not to be unchaste; he said, The thing shall be as I
have told thee, it is facile to thy Lord; thy Son shall be a token of the Omnipotency of
God, and of his special grace towards such as shall believe in his Divine Majesty; she
became with Child, and retired some time into a place remote from People, where she
sustained the dolours of Child-birth, at the foot of a Date-tree, and said, Why am I not
dead? Wherefore am I not in the number of persons forgotten? The Angel said to her,
Afflict not thy self; God hath placed a brook under thee, shake the foot of this Palm, and
the Dates shall fall, gather them up, eat and drink, and wash thine eyes; say unto them
that thou shall meet, that thou fastest, and hast made a Vow not to speak to any one,
until the fast be accomplished. Her Parents met her while she bare the Infant, and said

unto her, Oh Mary! behold a strange thing; Oh Sister of Aaron! thy Father did not
command thee to do evil, neither was thy Mother unchaste; she made signs to her
Infant to answer them; they said, How shall the Infant in the Cradle speak? Then her
infant spake, and said, I am the Servant of God, he hath taught me the Scripture, hath
made me a Prophet, blessed me in all places, and commanded me to pray unto him; he
hath recommended to me purity through the whole course of my life, and to honour my
Father and Mother; he hath not made me either violent or malicious, praised shall be
the day of my birth, the day that I shall die, and the day of my resurrection.'
Such was the version of the Koran with which the English public had to be
content for nearly a century; and it is small wonder that they were not impressed.
Meanwhile in 1694 the Arabic text of the Koran was at last printed and published in full
at Hamburg under the careful editorship of Abraham Hinckelmann. This edition was
available to the worthy lawyer George Sale, when he set himself the task of replacing
Alexander Ross's translation of Du Ryer; he also had at his disposal a new Latin
rendering made by Father Maracci, which appeared at Padua in 1698. Though Sale
approached his labour better qualified and better supplied than his predecessor, he was
not troubled by motives of scholarly impartiality. He states his position clearly enough in
the first pages of his justly celebrated version, first published in 1784 and reprinted
many times since:
'I imagine it almost needless either to make an apology for publishing the
following translation, or to go about to prove it a work of use as well as curiosity. They
must have a mean opinion of the Christian religion, or be but ill grounded therein, who
can apprehend any danger from so manifest a forgery. . . . I shall not here inquire into
the reasons why the law of Mohammed has met with so unexampled a reception in the
world (for they are greatly deceived who imagine it to have been propagated by the
sword alone), or by what means it came to be embraced by nations which never felt the
force of the Mohammedan arms, and even by those which stripped the Arabians of their
conquests, and put an end to the sovereignty and very being of their Khalifs: yet it
seems as if there was something more than what is vulgarly imagined in a religion
which has made so surprising a progress. But whatever use an impartial version of the
Koran may be of in other respects, it is absolutely necessary to undeceive those who,
from the ignorant or unfair translations which have appeared; have entertained too
favourable an opinion of the original, and also to enable us effectually to expose the
imposture. . . . The writers of the Romish communion; in particular, are so far from
having done any service in their refutations of Mohammedanism, that by endeavouring
to defend their idolatry and other superstitions, they have rather contributed to the
increase of that aversion which the Mohammedans in general have to the Christian
religion, and given them great advantages in the dispute. The Protestants alone are

able to attack the Koran with success; and for them, I trust, Providence has reserved
the glory of its overthrow.
Sale's translation was not supplanted for some 150 years. Its influence was thus
enormous; this was the Koran for all English readers almost to the end of the nineteenth
century; many even now living have never looked into any other version. No other
rendering was in the hands of Edward Gibbon when he wrote:
'In the spirit of enthusiasm or vanity, the prophet rests the truth of his mission on
the merit of his book; audaciously challenges both men and angels to imitate the
beauties of a single page; and presumes to assert that God alone could dictate this
incomparable performance. This argument is most powerfully addressed to a devout
Arabian, whose mind is attuned to faith and rapture; whose ear is delighted by the
music of sounds; and whose ignorance is incapable of comparing the productions of
human genius. The harmony and copiousness of style will not reach, in a version, the
European infidel: he will peruse with impatience the endless incoherent rhapsody of
fable, and precept, and declamation, which seldom excites a sentiment or an idea,
which sometimes crawls in the dust, and is sometimes lost in the clouds. The divine
attributes exalt the fancy of the Arabian missionary; but his loftiest strains must yield to
the sublime simplicity of the book of Job, composed in a remote age, in the same
country, and in the same language. If the composition of the Koran exceeds the
faculties of a man, to what superior intelligence should we ascribe the Iliad of Homer, or
the Philippics of Demosthenes?' It was on the basis of Sale's version that Thomas
Carlyle commented: 'It is as toilsome reading as I ever undertook, a wearisome,
confused jumble, crude, incondite. Nothing but a sense of duty could carry any
European through the Koran.' And Gibbon and Carlyle were in their times remarkable
for the liberality of their attitude towards Islam.
Yet the superiority of Sale to Ross is evident in every line; not only had he a good
grasp of the Arabic language, which his forerunner lacked totally, but his English style is
more elegant and mature. The incident of Joseph and Potiphar's wife is rendered thus
by Sale:
'And she, in whose house he was, desired him to lie with her; and she shut the
doors and said, Come hither. He answered, God forbid! verily my lord hath made my
dwelling with him easy; and the ungrateful shall not prosper. But she resolved within
herself to enjoy him, and he would have resolved to enjoy her, had he not seen the
evident demonstration of his Lord. So we turned away evil and filthiness from him,
because he was one of our sincere servants. And they ran to get one before the other to
the door; and she rent his inner garment behind. And they met her lord at the door. She
said, What shall be the reward of him who seeketh to commit evil in thy family, but

imprisonment, and a painful punishment? And Joseph said, She asked me to lie with
her. And a witness of her family bore witness; saying, If his garment be rent before, she
speaketh truth, and he is a liar; but if his garment be rent behind, she lieth, and he is a
speaker of truth. And when her husband saw that his garment was torn behind, he said,
This is a cunning contrivance of your sex; for surely your cunning is great. O Joseph,
take no farther notice of this affair: and thou, O woman, ask pardon for thy crime, for
thou art a guilty person.
This is how Sale translates the story of the Nativity, his carefully italicized
'supplies' being intentionally reminiscent of the Authorized Version of the Bible:
'And remember in the book of the Koran the story of Mary; when she retired from
her family to a place towards the east, and took a veil to conceal herself from them; and
we sent our spirit Gabriel unto her, and he appeared unto her in the shape of a perfect
man. She said, I fly for refuge unto the merciful God, that he may defend me from thee:
if thou fearest him, thou wilt not approach me. He answered, Verily I am the messenger
of thy Lord, and am sent to give thee a holy son. She said, How shall I have a son,
seeing a man hath not touched me, and I am no harlot? Gabriel replied, So shall it be:
thy Lord saith, This is easy with me; and we will perform it, that we may ordain him a
sign unto men, and a mercy from us: for it is a thing which is decreed. Wherefore she
conceived him: and she retired aside with him in her womb to a distant place; and the
pains of childbirth came upon her near the trunk of a palm-tree. She said, Would to God
I had died before this, and had become a thing forgotten, and lost in oblivion! And he
who was beneath her called to her, saying, Be not grieved: now hath God provided a
rivulet under thee; and do thou shake the body of the palm-tree, and it shall let fall ripe
dates upon thee, ready gathered. And eat, and drink, and calm thy mind. Moreover if
thou see any man, and he question thee, say, Verily, I have vowed a fast unto the
Merciful; wherefore I will by no means speak to a man this day. So she brought the child
to her people, carrying him in her arms. And they said unto her, O Mary, now hast thou
done a strange thing: O sister of Aaron, thy father was not a bad man, neither was thy
mother a harlot. But she made signs unto the child to answer them; and they said, How
shall we speak to him, who is an infant in the cradle? Whereupon the child said, Verily I
am the servant of God; he hath given me the book of the gospel, and hath appointed
me a prophet. And he hath made me blessed, wheresoever I shall be; and hath
commanded me to observe prayer, and to give alms, so long as I shall live; and he hath
made me dutiful towards my mother, and hath not made me proud, or unhappy. And
peace be on me the day whereon I was born, and the day whereon I shall die, and the
day whereon I shall be raised to life.'
Such was the voice of the Koran to eighteenth century England; a somewhat
monotonous and humdrum voice, it may be thought, but at least an honest voice. So

matters remained for well over a hundred years. But with the nineteenth century came
the rise of oriental studies in the scientific meaning of the term; and the interpretation of
the Koran inevitably engaged the interest of scholars eager to apply the methods of the
higher criticism to this as yet virgin field of research. Thus it came to pass that in the
next translation of the Koran to appear, the work of the Rev J. M. Rodwell, the order of
the Suras -- the chapters of which the Koran is composed -- was completely changed,
with the object of reconstituting the historical sequence of its original composition.
Rodwell gives the following justification of this somewhat arbitrary procedure:
'The arrangement of the Suras in this translation is based partly upon the
traditions of the Muhammadans themselves, with reference especially to the ancient
chronological list printed by Weil in his Mohammed der Prophet, as well as upon a
careful consideration of the subject matter of each separate Sura and its probable
connection with the sequence of events in the life of Muhammad. Great attention has
been paid to this subject by Dr Weil in the work just mentioned; by Mr Muir in his Life of
Mahomet, who also publishes a chronological list of Suras, 21 however of which he
admits have "not yet been carefully fixed"; and especially by Noeldeke, in his
Geschichte des Qorans, a work to which public honours were awarded in 1859 by the
Paris Academy of Inscriptions. From the arrangement of this author I see no reason to
depart in regard to the later Suras. It is based upon a searching criticism and minute
analysis of the component verses of each, and may be safely taken as a standard,
which ought not to be departed from without weighty reasons.
The result is that in order to find a particular Sura in Rodwell's version, first
published in 1861 and taken up by Everyman's Library in 1909, it is necessary first to
consult a comparative table of contents, a laborious and irritating preliminary. Since this
translation has enjoyed a very wide circulation indeed, and has been regarded by many
as the standard English version, it is interesting to consider the spirit that animated its
author. It is a far cry indeed from the intolerant hostility of the seventeenth century, the
urbane superiority of the eighteenth.
Certainly Rodwell does not doubt that the Koran was the product of Muhammad's
own imagination; but his estimate of Muhammad's character is not lacking in charity and
even admiration:
'In close connection with the above remarks, stands the question of Muhammad's
sincerity and honesty of purpose in coming forward as a messenger from God. For if he
was indeed the illiterate person the Muslims represent him to have been, then it will be
hard to escape their inference that the Koran is, as they assert it to be, a standing
miracle. But if; on the other hand, it was a Book carefully concocted from various
sources, and with much extraneous aid, and published as a divine oracle, then it would

seem that the author is at once open to the charge of the grossest imposture, and even
of impious blasphemy. The evidence rather shews, that in all he did and wrote,
Muhammed was actuated by a sincere desire to deliver his countrymen from the
grossness of its debasing idolatries -- that he was urged on by an intense desire to
proclaim that great truth of the Unity of the Godhead which had taken full possession of
his own soul -- that the end to be attained justified to his mind the means he adopted in
the production of his Suras -- that he worked himself up into a belief that he had
received a divine call -- and that he was carried on by the force of circumstances, and
by gradually increasing successes, to believe himself the accredited messenger of
Heaven. The earnestness of those convictions which at Mecca sustained him under
persecution, and which perhaps led him, at any price as it were, and by any means, not
even excluding deceit and' falsehood, to endeavour to rescue his countrymen from
idolatry, -- naturally stiffened at Medina into tyranny and unscrupulous violence. At the
same time, he was probably, more or less, throughout his whole career, the victim of a
certain amount of self-deception. A cataleptic subject from his early youth, born -according to the traditions -- of a highly nervous and excitable mother, he would be
peculiarly liable to morbid and fantastic hallucinations, and alternations of excitement
and depression, which would win for him, in the eyes of his ignorant countrymen, the
credit of being inspired. . . . Still, Muhammad's career is a wonderful instance of the
force and life that resides in him who possesses an intense Faith in God and in the
unseen world; and whatever deductions may be made -- and they are many and serious
-- from the noble and truthful in his character, he will always be regarded as one of
those who have had that influence over the faith, morals, and whole earthly life of their
fellow-men, which none but a really great man ever did, or can, exercise; and as one of
those, whose efforts to propagate some great verity will prosper, in spite of manifold
personal errors and defects, both of principle and character. The more insight we obtain,
from undoubted historical sources, into the actual character of Muhammad, the less
reason do we find to justify the strong vituperative language poured out upon his head
by 'Maracci, Prideaux, and others, in recent days, one of whom has found, in the
Byzantine "Maometis", the number of the Beast! It is nearer to the truth to say that he
was a great though imperfect character, an earnest though mistaken teacher, and that
many of his mistakes and imperfections were the result of circumstances, of
temperament, and constitution; and that there must be elements both of truth and
goodness in the system of which he was the main author, to account for the world-wide
phenomenon, that whatever may be the intellectual inferiority (if such is, indeed, the
fact) of the Muslim races, the influence of his teaching, aided, it is true, by the vast
impulse given to it by the victorious arms of his followers, has now lasted for nearly
thirteen centuries, and embraces more than one hundred millions of our race -- more
than one-tenth part of the inhabitants of the globe.'

Nearly a hundred years have gone by since Rodwell wrote these words. In the
interval the further spread of Islam has been so considerable, and the growth in the
world's population has been so rapid, that the figures generally accepted nowadays are
between three and four times those he estimated, and the proportion of Muslims is
thought to have reached one-seventh; though such statistics are surely unreal, seeing
that they embrace men, women and children and assume a hundred per cent allegiance
to Islam in the communities claimed for that faith.
Whereas Sale had had Hinckelmann and Maracci on his worktable, Rodwell was
able to use the Leipzig 1841 text of the Koran edited by Gustav Fluegel. He criticized
Sale for having followed Maracci too closely, 'especially by introducing his paraphrastic
comments into the body of the text'; he followed the growing fashion of his mid-Victorian
times by deploring 'his constant use of Latinized instead of Saxon words'. Rodwell was
concerned -- and he was the first English translator so to be preoccupied --'with
attempting in some degree to imitate the style of the Arabic original. 'The more brief and
poetical verses of the earlier Suras are translated with a freedom from which I have
altogether abstained in the historical and prosaic portions; but I have endeavoured
nowhere to use a greater amount of paraphrase than is necessary to convey the
sense.'. . . I have nowhere attempted to represent the rhymes of the original. The
"Proben" of H. v. Purgstall, in the Fundgruben des Orients, excellent as they are in
many respects, shew that this can only be done 'with a sacrifice of literal translation.'
G. Margoliouth, who edited Rodwell's translation for Everyman's Library, was
much taken by its merits, which are indeed considerable. 'One is happy to be able to
say that Rodwell's rendering is one of the best that have as yet been produced. It
seems to a great extent to carry with it the atmosphere in which Muhammed lived, and
its sentences are imbued with the flavour of the East. The quasi-verse form, with its
unfettered and irregular rhythmic flow of the lines, which has in suitable cases been
adopted, helps to bring out much of the wild charm of the Arabic. Not the least among
its recommendations is, perhaps, that it is scholarly without being pedantic -- that is to
say, that it aims at correctness without sacrificing the right effect of the whole to overinsistence on small details.' As a specimen of this well-esteemed translation, here is
Rodwell's version of the Virgin Birth; as throughout, he follows the division into verses
established in Fluegel's edition:
'And make mention in the Book, of Mary, when she went apart from her
family, eastward,
And took a veil to shroud herself from them: and we sent our spirit to her,
and he took before her the form of a perfect man.
She said: "I fly for refuge from thee to the God of Mercy! If thou fearest
Him, begone from me."

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He said: "I am only a messenger of thy Lord, that I may bestow on thee a
holy son."
She said: "How shall I have a son, when man hath never touched me? and
I am not unchaste."
He said: "So shall it be. Thy Lord bath said: 'Easy is this with me'; and we
will make him a sign to mankind, and a mercy from us. For it is a thing
decreed."
And she conceived him, and retired with him to a far-off place.
And the throes came upon her by the trunk of a palm. She said: "Oh,
would that I had died ere this, and been a thing forgotten, forgotten quite!"
And one cried to her from below her: "Grieve not thou, thy Lord hath
provided a streamlet at thy feet: -And shake the trunk of the palm-tree toward thee: it will drop fresh ripe
dates upon thee.
Eat then and drink, and be of cheerful eye: and shouldst thou see a man,
Say, -- Verily, I have vowed abstinence to the God of Mercy. -- To no one
will I speak this day."
Then came she with the babe to her people, bearing him. They said, "O
Mary! now hast thou done a strange thing!
A sister of Aaron! Thy father was not a man of wickedness, nor unchaste
thy mother."
And she made a sign to them, pointing towards the babe. They said, "How
shall we speak with him who is in the cradle, ar infant?"
It said, "Verily, I am the servant of God; He bath given me, the Book, and
He bath made me a prophet;
And He hath made me blessed wherever I may be, and hath enjoined me
prayer and almsgiving so long as I shall live;
And to be duteous to her that bare me: and he hath not made me proud,
depraved.
And the peace of God was on me the day I was born, and will be the: day I
shall die, and the day I shall be raised to life."'
When Max Mueller was planning his monumental series of Sacred Books
of the East for Oxford University Press, he invited the Cambridge scholar
Edward Henry Palmer to contribute a new version of the Koran. Palmer,
who was an astonishingly versatile and rapid worker, readily accepted; his
translation, in two volumes, was published in 1880, two years before its
author was murdered in the Egyptian desert. Palmer, a poor orphan who
was thought in his teens to be dying of consumption, had remarkable gifts
as a translator, especially of poetry into verse; his complete rendering of
the collected poems of the Egyptian Baha al-Din Zuhair testifies amply to

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his accomplishments, and his translation of the Koran is in its way equally
remarkable.' While Rodwell reached the great public through the enterprise
of J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd., Palmer has enjoyed an equally wide circulation
through being included by Oxford University Press in The World's Classics,
edited, and introduced by R. A. Nicholson. He abandoned the
chronological rearrangement attempted by his contemporary, and divided
the matter into paragraphs of varying length; he also avoided the italics
that tediously interrupt the flow of the narrative in Sale and Rodwell. This is
Palmer's interpretation of the Birth of Jesus:
'And mention, in the Book, Mary; when she retired from her family into an
eastern place; and she took a veil to screen herself from them; and we
sent unto her our spirit; and he took for her the semblance of a well-made
man. Said she, "Verily, I take refuge in the Merciful One from thee, if thou
art pious." Said he, "I am only a messenger of thy Lord to bestow on thee a
pure boy."
Said she, "How can I have a boy when no man has touched me, and when
I am no harlot?" He said, "Thus says thy Lord, It is easy for Me!' and we
will make him a sign unto man, and a mercy from us; for it is a decided
matter."
So she conceived him, and she retired with him into a remote place. And
the labour pains came upon her at the trunk of a palm tree, and she said,
"O that I had died before this, and been forgotten out of mind!" and he
called to her from beneath her, "Grieve not, for thy Lord has placed a
stream beneath thy feet; and shake towards thee the trunk of the palm
tree, it will drop upon thee fresh dates fit to gather; so eat, and drink, and
cheer thine eye; and if thou shouldst see any, mortal say, 'Verily, I have
vowed to the Merciful One a fast, and I will not speak today with a human
being'."
Then she brought it to her people, carrying it; said they, "O Mary! thou hast
done an extraordinary thing! O sister of Aaron! thy father was not a bad
man, nor was thy mother a harlot!"
And she pointed to him, and they said, "How are we to speak with one who
is in the cradle a child?" He said, "Verily, I am a servant of God; He has
brought me the Book, and He has made me a prophet, and He has made
me blessed wherever I be; and He has required of me prayer and
almsgiving so long as I live, and piety towards my mother, and has not

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made me a miserable tyrant; and peace upon me the day I was born, and
the day I die, and the day I shall be raised up alive."'
The first half of the present century has seen the study and interpretation
of the Koran progress more rapidly and more intensively than ever before.
In consequence a number of new English versions have appeared,
including some by scholars whose mother-tongue was other than English.
All these versions are interesting and merit study; here however it is
proposed to limit consideration to two only. The first is sufficiently
noteworthy; if for no other reason than that its author was a convert to
Islam; he was also a man of distinct literary gifts, having achieved a certain
repute as a novelist. Marmaduke Pickthall lived many years in the East,
and in the course of his career served the Nizam of Hyderabad, that
learned and enlightened Muslim ruler of a State which has now been
assimilated into the Republic of India. Pickthall claimed special attention
for his work in words that deserve respectful study:
'The aim of this work is to present to English readers what Muslims the
world over hold to be the meaning of the words of the Koran, and the
nature of that Book, in not unworthy language and concisely, with a view to
the requirements of English Muslims. It may be reasonably claimed that no
Holy Scripture can be fairly presented by one who disbelieves its
inspiration and its message; and this is the first English translation of the
Koran by an Englishman who is a Muslim. Some of the translations include
commentation offensive to Muslims, and almost all employ a style of
language which Muslims at once recognize as unworthy. The Koran cannot
be translated. That is the belief of old-fashioned Sheykhs and the view of
the present writer. The Book is here rendered almost literally and every
effort has been made to choose befitting language. But the result is not the
Glorious Koran, that inimitable symphony, the very sounds of which move
men to tears and ecstasy. It is only an attempt to present the meaning of
the Koran -- and peradventure something of the charm -- in English. It can
never take the place of the Koran in Arabic, nor is it meant to do so. Before
publication the work has been scrutinized word by word and thoroughly
revised in Egypt with the help of one whose mother-tongue is Arabic, who
has studied the Koran and who knows English; and when difficulties were
encountered the translator had recourse to perhaps the greatest living
authority on the subject. Every care has thus been taken to avoid
unwarrantable renderings.'

13

The revision was undertaken by my old friend, Dr Muhammad Ahmad alGhamrawi, a distinguished medical scholar and a very devout Muslim
deeply read in classical Arabic literature. The benevolent authority to
whose opinion recourse was had was no other than that revered Shaikh alAzhar, His Excellency Mustafa al-Maraghi, whom I have also had the
privilege of knowing. Nevertheless Picktball's version is not free of errors.
Being based upon a text lithographed in Turkey, it follows a numeration of
the verses frequently differing from that adopted by Fluegel; this gives rise
to not a little confusion. For all that, Pickthall's rendering, entitled The
Meaning of the Glorious Koran and first published at London in 1930, is an
important milestone in the long course of Koranic interpretation; and the
extract here chosen for illustration and comparison is the same passage
on the Nativity of Our Lord:
'16. And make mention of Mary in the Scripture, when she had withdrawn
from her people to a chamber looking East.
17. And had chosen seclusion from them. Then We sent unto her Our spirit
and it assumed for her the likeness of a perfect man.
18. She said: Lo! I seek refuge in the Beneficent One from thee, if thou are
God-fearing.
19. He said: I am only a messenger of thy Lord, that I may bestow on thee
a faultless son.
20. She said: How can I have a son when no mortal hath touched me,
neither have I been unchaste?
21. He said: So (it will be). Thy Lord saith: It is easy for Me. And (it will be)
that We may make of him a revelation for mankind and a mercy from Us,
and it is a thing ordained.
22. And she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a far place.
25. And the pangs of childbirth drove her unto the trunk of the palm-tree.
She said: Oh, would that I had died ere this and had become a thing of
naught, forgotten!
24. Then (one) cried unto her from below her, saying: Grieve not! Thy Lord
hath placed a rivulet beneath thee,
25. And shake the trunk of the palm-tree toward thee, thou wilt cause ripe
dates to fall upon thee.
26. So eat and drink and be consoled. And if thou meetest any mortal, say:
Lo! I have vowed a fast unto the Beneficent, and may not speak this day to
any mortal.
27. Then she brought him to her own folk, carrying him. They said: O Mary!
Thou hast come with an amazing thing.
28.O sister of Aaron! Thy father was not a wicked man nor was thy mother

14

a harlot.
29. Then she pointed to him. They said: How can we talk to one who is in
the cradle, a young boy?
30. He spake: Lo! I am the slave of Allah. He hath given me the Scripture
and hath appointed me a Prophet,
31. And hath made me blessed wheresoever I may be, and hath enjoined
upon me prayer and alms-giving so long as I remain alive,
32; And (hath made me) dutiful toward her who bore me, and hath not
made me arrogant, unblest.
33. Peace on me the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I shall
be raised alive!'
The other twentieth-century version chosen for particular mention is the
two-volume work of Richard Bell, late Reader of Arabic in the University of
Edinburgh, published in that famous city 1937-9. Dr Bell was a most
erudite scholar of Arabic, and had devoted many years to his 'critical rearrangement of the Surahs'. Advancing well beyond the position taken up
by the critics of last century, he quite literally took the Koran to pieces and
put it together again, his meticulous reconstruction extending as far as
individual verses and even parts of verses. As he set up his translation in a
kind of tabular form to indicate his views of how the discourse originally
ran, it is virtually unreadable; certainly one needs to have some detailed
knowledge of the text in order to benefit by the arduous exercise of
studying his hard-laboured pages. Bell followed Fluegel's text; and the
passage on the Birth of Jesus, again chosen for comparison, is fortunately
deemed by him to be uninterpolated, though to be true he speculates that
it is 'perhaps founded on an earlier version'.
16. Make mention in the Book of Mary; When she withdrew from her
people to a place, eastward.
17. And took between herself and them a curtain. Then We sent to her Our
spirit, who took for her the form of a human being, shapely.
18. She said: "Lo, I take refuge with the Merciful from thee, if thou art
pious."
19. He said: "I am the messenger of thy Lord, that I may give thee a boy,
pure."
20. She said: "How shall I have a boy, seeing that man hath not touched
me, nor have I been a. harlot?"
21. He said: "So shall it be! Thy Lord hath said: 'It is easy for Me', and (it is)
in order that We may make him a sign to the people, and a mercy from Us;
it has become a thing decided."

15

22. So she bore him, and withdrew with him to a place far away.
25. The birth-pangs drove her to the trunk of the palm-tree; she said:
"Would that I had died before this, and become a forgetting, forgotten."
24. Then he called to her from beneath her: "Grieve not; thy Lord hath
placed beneath thee a streamlet;
25. Shake towards thee the trunk of the palm-tree, and it will let fall upon
thee juicy (fruit), ripe.
26. So eat and drink and be of good cheer; and if thou see of mankind any
one,
27. Say: 'Verily I have vowed to the Merciful a fast, and I shall not speak
today to one of human kind'."
28. Then she brought him to her people, carrying him; they said: "O Mary,
thou hast committed a thing improper;
29. O daughter of Aaron, thy father was not a bad man nor was thy mother
a harlot."
30. Then she referred (them) to him; they said: "How shall we speak to one
who is in the cradle, a child?"
31. He said: "Lo, I am the servant of Allah; He hath bestowed on me the
Book, and hath made me a prophet;
32. And hath made me blessed wherever I am, and hath charged me with
the Prayer and the Almsgiving as long as I live;
35. And dutiful towards my mother, nor hath He made me a tyrant,
wretched.
34. And peace is upon me the day of my birth, and the day of my death,
and the day of my being raised up alive."
In this rapid review of the Koran in English translation a number of other
versions have been left out of account; their examination would add very
little to the discussion. The discriminating reader will not have failed to
remark, even in the short extracts quoted, a certain uniformity and dull
monotony characteristic of all, from the seventeenth down to the twentieth
century. A conscientious but slavish faithfulness to the letter -- so far as the
letter has been progressively understood has in general excluded any
corresponding reflection of the spirit, where that has at all been
appreciated.
In choosing to call the present work The Koran Interpreted I have
conceded the relevancy of the orthodox Muslim view, of which Pickthall, for
one, was so conscious, that the Koran is untranslatable. Some of the
implications of that doctrine are sketched out in the preface to my The
Holy Koran: an Introduction with Selections (Allen & Unwin, 1955), and it is

16

not proposed to repeat the same argument here. Briefly, the rhetoric and
rhythm of the Arabic of the Koran are so characteristic, so powerful, so
highly emotive, that any version whatsoever is bound in the nature of
things to be but a poor copy of the glittering splendour of the original.
Never was it more true than in this instance that traduttore traditore. My
chief reason for offering this new version of a book which has been
'translated' many times already is that in no previous rendering has a
serious attempt been made to imitate, however imperfectly, those
rhetorical and rhythmical patterns which are the glory and the sublimity of
the Koran. I am breaking new ground here; it may therefore be thought
appropriate to explain in short my intentions and my method.
The Koran, as is well known, is made up of 114 Suras of varing length.
This volume contains the first twenty, comprising a little over one-half of
the whole. The Suras, collected into a volume after the death of
Muhammad, are not arranged in any chronological order; indeed, most of
those reproduced in this volume were revealed to the Prophet in the later
years of his mission. But as I am trying in this interpretation to indicate
what Muslims of all ages have known as their sacred book, and not how a
handful of European scholars have latterly essayed to recast it, I have
followed the traditional arrangement for all its admitted perplexities. The
Suras themselves are in many instances -- and this has been recognized
by Muslim students from the earliest times -- of a composite character,
holding embedded in them fragments received by Muhammad at widely
differing dates; but I have disregarded this accepted fact, wishing to show
each Sura as an artistic whole, its often incongruous parts constituting a
rich and admirable pattern.
The verses into which the individual Sura is divided usually, but not always,
represent rhetorical units, terminated and connected together by a rhyming
word. A few bold spirits have ventured on occasion to show this feature by
rhyming their translations; the resulting products have not been very
impressive. For my own part I have preferred to indicate these terminations
and connections by rounding off each succession of loose rhythms with a
much shorter line. The function of rhyme in the Koran is quite different from
the function of the rhyme in poetry; it therefore demands a different
treatment in translation. That has been my method in interpreting narrative,
argumentative and legislative passages. Where, however, the original, as
often enough, interposes between these leisurely periods sudden
outbursts of sharp rhetoric or shapely lyric, I have called attention to such
changes of mood and tempo by making corresponding variations in my

17

own rhythmical patterns. In this fashion I have also striven to isolate and
then to integrate the diverse sections of which each Sura is composed.
The reader may wish to compare the results of applying this analysis and
method with the traditional way of translating the Koran; here then is my
version of the Birth of Jesus:
'And mention in the Book Mary
when she withdrew from her people
to an eastern place,
and she took a veil apart from them;
then We sent unto her Our Spirit
that presented himself to her
a man without fault.
She said, "I take refuge in
the All-merciful from thee!
(The etext version does not attempt to display the poetic format because of the excess
labour.)
If thou fearest God . . . He said, "I am but a messenger come from thy
Lord, to give thee a boy most pure. She said, "How shall I have a son
whom no mortal has touched, neither have I been unchaste?" He said,
"Even so thy Lord has said:
'Easy is that for Me; and that We may appoint him a sign unto men and a
mercy from Us; it is a thing decreed'."
So she conceived him, and withdrew with him to a distant place. And the
birth-pangs surprised her by the trunk of the palm-tree. She said, "Would I
had died ere this, and become a thing forgotten!" But the one that was
below her called to her, "Nay, do not sorrow; see; thy Lord has set below
thee a rivulet.
Shake also to thee the palm-trunk, and there shall come tumbling upon
thee dates fresh and ripe. Eat therefore, and drink, and be comforted; and
if thou shouldst see any mortal, say, 'I have vowed to the All-merciful a fast,
and today I will not speak to any man'."
Then she brought the child to her folk carrying him; and they said, "Mary,
thou hast surely committed a monstrous thing! Sister of Aaron, thy father
was not a wicked man, nor was thy mother a woman unchaste." Mary
pointed to the child then; but they said, "How shall we speak to one who is
still in the cradle, a little child?"

18

He said, "Lo, I am God's servant; God has given me the Book, and made
me a Prophet. Blessed He has made me, wherever I may be; and He has
enjoined me to pray, and to give the alms, so long as I live, and likewise to
cherish my mother; He has not made me arrogant, unprosperous.
Peace be upon me, the day I was horn, and the day I die, and the day I am
raised up alive!"
If, set out like this, the Koranic treatment of this most sacred theme seems
to recall, however distantly and however faintly, some mediaeval Christian
carol, the resemblance is surely not fortuitous; but I make bold to claim that
the point escapes notice in any other kind of translation.
There is a repertory of familiar themes running through the whole Koran;
each Sura elaborates or adumbrates one or more -- often many -- of these.
Using the language of music, each Sura is a rhapsody composed of whole
or fragmentary leitmotivs; the analogy is reinforced by the subtly varied
rhythmical flow of the discourse. If this diagnosis of the literary structure of
the Koran may be accepted as true -- and it accords with what we know of
the poetical instinct, indeed the whole aesthetic impulse, of the Arabs -- it
follows that those notorious incongruities and irrelevancies, even those
'wearisome repetitions', which have proved such stumbling-blocks in the
way of our Western appreciation will vanish in the light of a clearer
understanding of the nature of the Muslim scriptures. A new vista opens
up; following this hitherto unsuspected and unexplored path, the eager
interpreter hurries forward upon an exciting journey of discovery, and is
impatient to report his findings to a largely indifferent and incredulous
public.
During the long months, the dark and light months, of labouring at this
interpretation, eclectic where the ancient commentators differ in their
understanding of a word or a phrase, unannotated because notes in plenty
are to be found in other versions, and the radiant beauty of the original is
not clouded by such vexing interpolations -- all through this welcome task I
have been reliving those Ramadan nights of long ago, when I would sit on
the veranda of my Gezira house and listen entranced to the old, whitebearded Sheykh who chanted the Koran for the pious delectation of my
neighbour. He had the misfortune, my neighbour, to be a prominent
politician, and so in the fullness of his destiny, but not the fullness of his
years, he fell to an assassin's bullet; I like to think that the merit of those
holy recitations may have eased the way for him into a world free of the

19

tumult and turbulence that attended his earthly career. It was then that I,
the infidel, learnt to understand and react to the thrilling rhythms of the
Koran, only to be apprehended when listened to at such a time and in such
a place. In humble thankfulness I dedicate this all too imperfect essay in
imitation to the memory of those magical Egyptian nights.

THE OPENING

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


1 Praise belongs to God, the Lord of all Being,
the All-merciful, the All-compassionate,
the Master of the Day of Doom.
5 Thee only we serve; to Thee alone we pray for succour.
Guide us in the straight path, the path of those
whom Thou hast blessed, not of those against
whom Thou art wrathful, nor of those who are astray.
II

THE COW

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


Alif Lam Mim
1 That is the Book, wherein is no doubt, a guidance to the godfearing who believe
in the Unseen, and perform the prayer, and expend of that We have provided
them; who believe in what has been sent down to thee and what has been sent
down before thee, and have faith in the Hereafter; those are upon guidance from
their Lord, those are the ones who prosper.
5 As for the unbelievers, alike it is to them whether thou hast warned them or hast
not warned them, they do not believe. God has set a seal on their hearts and on

20

their hearing, and on their eyes is a covering, and there awaits them a mighty
chastisement.
And some men there are who say, 'We believe in God and the Last Day'; but they
are not believers.
They would trick God and the believers, and only themselves they deceive, and
they are not aware. In their hearts is a sickness, and God has increased their
sickness, and there awaits them a painful chastisement for that they have cried
lies.
10 When it is said to them, 'Do not corruption in the land', they say, 'We are only
ones that put things right.' Truly, they are the workers of corruption but they are
not aware.
When it is said to them, 'Believe as the people believe', they say, 'Shall we
believe, as fools believe?'
Truly, they are the foolish ones, but they do not know. When they meet those who
beliieve, they say, 'We believe'; but when they go privily to their Satans, they say,
'We are with you; we were only mocking.' God shall mock them, and shall lead
them on blindly wandering in their insolence.
15 Those are they that have bought error at the price of guidance, and their
commerce has not profited them, and they are not right-guided. The likeness of
them is as the likeness of a man who kindled a fire, and when it lit all about him
God took away their light, and left them in darkness unseeing, deaf, dumb, blind
-- so they shall not return; or as a cloudburst out of heaven in which is darkness,
and thunder, and lightning -- they put their fingers in their ears against the
thunderclaps, fearful of death; and God encompasses the unbelievers; the
lightning wellnigh snatches away their sight; whensoever it gives them light, they
walk in it, and when the darkness is over them, they halt; had God willed, He
would have taken away their hearing and their sight. Truly, God is powerful over
everything.
O you men, serve your Lord Who created you, and those that were before you;
haply so you will be godfearing;
20 Who assigned to you the earth for a couch, and heaven for an edifice, and
sent down out of heaven water, wherewith He brought forth fruits for your
provision; so set not up compeers to God wittingly. And if you are in doubt
concerning that We have sent down on Our servant, then bring a sura like it, and

21

call your witnesses, apart from God, if you are truthful. And if you do not -- and
you will not -- then fear the Fire, whose fuel is men and stones, prepared for
unbelievers.
Give thou good tidings to those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, that
for them await gardens underneath which rivers flow; whensoever they are
provided with fruits therefrom they shall say, 'This is that wherewithal we were
provided before'; that they shall be given in perfect semblance; and there for them
shall be spouses purified; therein they shall dwell forever.
God is not ashamed to strike a similitude even of a gnat, or aught above it. As for
the believers, they know it is the truth from their Lord; but as for unbelievers, they
say, 'What did God desire by this for a similitude?' Thereby He leads many astray,
and thereby He guides many; and thereby He leads none astray save the ungodly
25 such as break the covenant of God after its solemn binding, and such as cut
what God has commanded should be joined, and such as do corruption in the
land -- they shall be the losers.
How do you disbelieve in God, seeing you were dead and He gave you life, then
He shall make you dead, then He shall give you life, then unto Him you shall be
returned?
It is He who created for you all that is in the earth, then He lifted Himself to
heaven and levelled them seven heavens; and He has knowledge of everything.
And when thy Lord said to the angels, 'I am setting in the earth a viceroy.' They
said, 'What, wilt Thou set therein one who will do corruption there, and shed
blood, while we proclaim Thy praise and call Thee Holy?' He said, 'Assuredly I
know that you know not.'
And He taught Adam the names, all of them; then He presented them unto the
angels and said, 'Now tell Me the names of these, if you speak truly.'
30 They said, 'Glory be to Thee! We know not save what Thou hast taught us.
Surely Thou art the All-knowing, the All-wise.'
He said, 'Adam, tell them their names.' And when he had told them their names
He said, 'Did I not tell you I know the unseen things of the heavens and earth?
And I know what things you reveal, and what you were hiding.'

22

And when We said to the angels, 'Bow yourselves to Adam'; so they bowed
themselves, save Iblis; he refused, and waxed proud, and so he became one of
the unbelievers.
And We said, 'Adam, dwell thou, and thy wife, in the Garden, and eat thereof
easefully where you desire; but draw not nigh this tree, lest you be evildoers.'
Then Satan caused them to slip therefrom and brought them out of that they were
in; and We said, 'Get you all down, each of you an enemy of each; and in the
earth a sojourn shall be yours, and enjoyment for a time.'
35 Thereafter Adam received certain words from his Lord, and He turned towards
him; truly He turns, and is All-compassionate. We said, 'Get you down out of it, all
together; yet there shall come to you guidance from Me, and whosoever follows
My guidance, no fear shall be on them, neither shall they sorrow. As for the
unbelievers who cry lies to Our signs, those shall be the inhabitants of the Fire,
therein dwelling forever.'
Children of Israel, remember My blessing wherewith I blessed you, and fulfil My
covenant and I shall fulfil your covenant; and have awe of Me. And believe in that
I have sent down, confirming that which is with you, and be not the first to
disbelieve in it. And sell not My signs for a little price; and fear you Me. And do not
confound the truth with vanity, and do not conceal the truth wittingly.
40 And perform the prayer, and pay the alms, and bow with those that bow. Will
you bid others to piety, and forget yourselves while you recite the Book? Do you
not understand? Seek you help in patience and prayer, for grievous it is, save to
the humble who reckon that they shall meet their Lord and that unto Him they are
returning.
Children of Israel, remember My blessing wherewith I blessed you, and that I
have preferred you above all beings; and beware of a day when no soul for
another
45 shall give satisfaction, and no intercession shall be accepted from it, nor any
counterpoise be taken, neither shall they be helped.
And when We delivered you from the folk of Pharaoh who were visiting you with
evil chastisement, slaughtering your sons, and sparing your women; and in that
was a grievous trial from your Lord. And when We divided for you the sea and
delivered you, and drowned Pharaoh's folk while you were beholding.

23

And when We appointed with Moses forty nights then you took to yourselves the
Calf after him and you were evildoers; then We pardoned you after that, that
haply you should be thankful.
50 And when We gave to Moses the Book and the Salvation, that haply you
should be guided. And when Moses said to his people, 'My people, you have
done wrong against yourselves by your taking the Calf; now turn to your Creator
and slay one another (the transgressors). That will be better for you in your
Creator's sight, and He will turn to you; truly He turns, and is All-compassionate.'
And when you said, 'Moses, we will not believe thee till we see God openly'; and
the thunderbolt took you while you were beholding.
Then We raised you up after you were dead, that haply you should be thankful.
And We outspread the cloud to overshadow you, and We sent down manna and
quails upon you: 'Eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you. And
they worked no wrong upon Us, but themselves they wronged.
55 And when We said, 'Enter this township, and eat easefully of it wherever you
will, and enter in at the gate, prostrating, and say, Unburdening; We will forgive
you your transgressions, and increase the good-doers.' Then the evildoers
substituted a saying other than that which had been said to them; so We sent
down upon the evildoers wrath out of heaven for their ungodliness. And when
Moses sought water for his people, so We said, 'Strike with thy staff the rock'; and
there gushed forth from it twelve fountains; all the people knew now their drinkingplace. 'Eat and drink of God's providing, and mischief not in the earth, doing
corruption.' And when you said, 'Moses, we will not endure one sort of food; pray
to thy Lord for us, that He may bring forth for us of that the earth produces -green herbs, cucumbers, corn, lentils, onions.'
He said, 'Would you have in exchange what is meaner for what is better? Get you
down to Egypt; you shall have there that you demanded.' And abasement and
poverty were pitched upon them, and they were laden with the burden of God's
anger; that, because they had disbelieved the signs of God and slain the
Prophets unrightfully; that, because they disobeyed, and were transgressors.
Surely they that believe, and those of Jewry, and the Christians, and those
Sabaeans, whoso believes in God and the Last Day, and works righteousness -their wage awaits them with their Lord, and no fear shall be on them; neither shall
they sorrow.
60 And when We took compact with you, and raised above you the Mount: 'Take
forcefully what We have given you, and remember what is in it; haply you shall be
godfearing.' Then you turned away thereafter, and but for the bounty and mercy of

24

God towards you, you had been of the losers. And well you know there were
those among you that transgressed the Sabbath, and We said to them, 'Be you
apes, miserably slinking!'
And We made it a punishment exemplary for all the former times and for the
latter, and an admonition to such as are godfearing. And when Moses said to his
people, 'God commands you to sacrifice a cow.' They said, 'Dost thou take us in
mockery?' He said, 'I take refuge with God, lest I should be one of the ignorant.'
They said, 'Pray to thy Lord for us, that He may make clear to us what she may
be.' He said, 'He says she is a cow neither old, nor virgin, middling between the
two; so do that you are bidden.'
65 They said, 'Pray to thy Lord for us, that He make clear to us what her colour
may be.' He said, 'He says she shall be a golden cow, bright her colour,
gladdening the beholders.' They said, 'Pray to thy Lord for us, that He make clear
to us what she may be; cows are much alike to us; and, if God will, we shall then
be guided.' He said, 'He says she shall be a cow not broken to plough the earth or
to water the tillage, one kept secure, with no blemish on her.'
They said, 'Now thou hast brought the truth'; and therefore they sacrificed her, a
thing they had scarcely done. And when you killed a living soul, and disputed
thereon -- and God disclosed what you were hiding -- so We said, 'Smite him with
part of it'; even so God brings to life the dead, and He shows you His signs, that
haply you may have understanding. Then your hearts became hardened
thereafter and are like stones, or even yet harder; for there are stones from which
rivers come gushing, and others split, so that water issues from them, and others
crash down in the fear of God. And God is not heedless of the things you do.
70 Are you then so eager that they should believe you, seeing there is a party of
them that heard God's word, and then tampered with it, and that after they had
comprehended it, wittingly? And when they meet those who believe, they say 'We
believe'; and when they go privily one to another, they say, 'Do you speak to them
of what God has revealed to you, that they may thereby dispute with you before
your Lord? Have you no understanding?'
Know they not that God knows what they keep secret and what they publish?
And some there are of them that are common folk not knowing the Book, but only
fancies and mere conjectures. So woe to those who write the Book with their
hands, then say, 'This is from God,' that they may sell it for a little price; so woe to
them for what their hands have written, and woe to them for their earnings.

25

And they say, 'The Fire shall not touch us save a number of days.' Say: 'Have you
taken with God a covenant? God will not fail in His covenant; or say you things
against God of which you know nothing?
75 Not so; whoso earns evil, and is encompassed by his transgression -- those
are the inhabitants of the Fire; there they shall dwell forever. And those that
believe, and do deeds of righteousness -- those are the inhabitants of Paradise;
there they shall dwell forever.'
And when We took compact with the Children of Israel: 'You shall not serve any
save God; and to be good to parents, and the near kinsman, and to orphans, and
to the needy; and speak good to men, and perform the prayer, and pay the alms.'
Then you turned away, all but a few of you, swerving aside.
And when We took compact with you: 'You shall not shed your own blood, neither
expel your own from your habitations'; then you confirmed it and yourselves bore
witness. Then there you are killing one another, and expelling a party of you from
their habitations, conspiring against them in sin and enmity; and if they come to
you as captives, you ransom them; yet their expulsion was forbidden you. What,
do you believe in part of the Book, and disbelieve in part?
What shall be the recompense of those of you who do that, but degradation in the
present life, and on the Day of Resurrection to be returned unto the most terrible
of chastisement? And God is not heedless of the things you do.
80 Those who have purchased the present life at the price of the world to come -for them the chastisement shall not be lightened, neither shall they be helped.
And We gave to Moses the Book, and after him sent succeeding Messengers;
and We gave Jesus son of Mary the clear signs, and confirmed him with the Holy
Spirit; and whensoever there came to you a Messenger with that your souls had
not desire for, did you become arrogant, and some cry lies to, and some slay?
And they say, 'Our hearts are uncircumcised.' Nay, but God has cursed them for
their unbelief; little will they believe. When there came to them a Book from God,
confirming what was with them -- and they aforetimes prayed for victory over the
unbelievers -- when there came to them that they recognized, they disbelieved in
it; and the curse of God is on the unbelievers. Evil is the thing they have sold
themselves for, disbelieving in that which God sent down, grudging that God
should send down of His bounty on whomsoever He will of His servants, and they
were laden with anger upon anger; and for unbelievers awaits a humbling
chastisement.

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85 And when they were told, 'Believe in that God has sent down,' they said, 'We
believe in what was sent down on us'; and they disbelieve in what is beyond that,
yet it is the truth confirming what is with them. Say: 'Why then were you slaying
the Prophets of God in former time, if you were believers?'
And Moses came to you with the clear signs, then you took to yourselves the Calf
after him and you were evildoers. And when We took compact with you, and
raised over you the Mount: 'Take forcefully what We have given you and give ear.'
They said, 'We hear, and rebel'; and they were made to drink the Calf in their
hearts for their unbelief. Say: 'Evil is the thing your faith bids you to, if you are
believers.'
Say: 'If the Last Abode with God is yours exclusively, and not for other people,
then long for death -- if you speak truly.' But they will never long for it, because of
that their hands have forwarded; God knows the evildoers;
90 and thou shalt find them the eagerest of men for life. And of the idolaters; there
is one of them wishes if he might be spared a thousand years, yet his being
spared alive shall not remove him from the chastisement. God sees the things
they do.
Say: 'Whosoever is an enemy to Gabriel -- he it was that brought it down upon thy
heart by the leave of God, confirming what was before it, and for a guidance and
good tidings to the believers. Whosoever is an enemy to God and His angels and
His Messengers, and Gabriel, and Michael -- surely God is an enemy to the
unbelievers.'
And We have sent down unto thee signs, clear signs, and none disbelieves in
them except the ungodly. Why, whensoever they have made a covenant, does a
party of them reject it? Nay, but the most of them are unbelievers.
95 When there has come to them a Messenger from God confirming what was
with them, a party of them that were given the Book reject the Book of God
behind their backs, as though they knew not, and they follow what the Satans
recited over Solomon's kingdom. Solomon disbelieved not, but the Satans
disbelieved, teaching the people sorcery, and that which was sent down upon
Babylon's two angels, Harut and Marut; they taught not any man, without they
said, 'We are but a temptation; do not disbelieve.'
From them they learned how they might divide a man and his wife, yet they did
not hurt any man thereby, save by the leave of God, and they learned what hurt
them, and did not profit them, knowing well that whoso buys it shall have no share

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in the world to come; evil then was that they sold themselves for, if they had but
known. Yet had they believed, and been godfearing, a recompense from God had
been better, if they had but known.
O believers, do not say, 'Observe us,' but say, 'Regard us'; and give ear; for
unbelievers awaits a painful chastisement.
Those unbelievers of the People of the Book and the idolaters wish not that any
good should be sent down upon you from your Lord; but God singles out for His
mercy whom He will; God is of bounty abounding.
100 And for whatever verse We abrogate or cast into oblivion, We bring a better
or the like of it; knowest thou not that God is powerful over everything? Knowest
thou not that to God belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and that
you have none, apart from God, neither protector nor helper? Or do you desire to
question your Messenger as Moses was questioned in former time? Whoso
exchanges belief for unbelief has surely strayed from the right way.
Many of the People of the Book wish they might restore you as unbelievers, after
you have believed, in the jealousy of their souls, after the truth has become clear
to them; yet do you pardon and be forgiving, till God brings His command; truly
God is powerful over everything. And perform the prayer, and pay the alms;
whatever good you shall forward to your souls' account, you shall find it with God;
assuredly God sees the things you do.
105 And they say, 'None shall enter Paradise except that they be Jews or
Christians.' Such are their fancies. Say: 'Produce your proof, if you speak truly.'
Nay, but whosoever submits his will to God, being a good-doer, his wage is with
his Lord, and no fear shall be on them, neither shall they sorrow.
The Jews say, 'The Christians stand not on anything'; the Christians say, 'The
Jews stand not on anything'; yet they recite the Book. So too the ignorant say the
like of them. God shall decide between them on the Day of Resurrection touching
their differences. And who does greater evil than he who bars God's places of
worship, so that His Name be not rehearsed in them, and strives to destroy them?
Such men might never enter them, save in fear; for them is degradation in the
present world, and in the world to come a mighty chastisement.
To God belong the East and the West; whithersoever you turn, there is the Face
of God; God is All-embracing, All-knowing.

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110 And they say, 'God has taken to Him a son. Glory be to Him! Nay, to Him
belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth; all obey His will -- the Creator of
the heavens and the earth; and when He decrees a thing, He but says to it 'Be,'
and it is.
And they that know not say, 'Why does God not speak to us? Why does a sign
not come to us?' So spoke those before them as these men say; their hearts are
much alike. Yet We have made clear the signs unto a people who are sure We
have sent thee with the truth, good tidings to bear, and warning. Thou shalt not be
questioned touching the inhabitants of Hell. Never will the Jews be satisfied with
thee, neither the Christians, not till thou followest their religion.
Say: 'God's guidance is the true guidance.' If thou followest their caprices, after
the knowledge that has come to thee, thou shalt have against God neither
protector nor helper.
115 Those to whom We have given the Book and who recite it with true recitation,
they believe in it; and whoso disbelieves in it, they shall be the losers.
Children of Israel, remember My blessing wherewith I blessed you, and that I
have preferred you above all beings; and beware a day when no soul for another
shall give satisfaction, and no counterpoise shall be accepted from it, nor any
intercession shall be profitable to it, neither shall they be helped.
And when his Lord tested Abraham with certain words, and he fulfilled them. He
said, 'Behold, I make you a leader for the people.' Said he, 'And of my seed?' He
said 'My covenant shall not reach the evildoers.'
And when We appointed the House to be a place of visitation for the people, and
a sanctuary, and: 'Take to yourselves Abraham's station for a place of prayer.' And
We made covenant with Abraham and Ishmael: 'Purify My House for those that
shall go about it and those that cleave to it, to those who bow and prostrate
themselves.'
120 And when Abraham said, 'My Lord, make this a land secure, and provide its
people with fruits, such of them as believe in God and the Last Day.'
He said, 'And whoso disbelieves, to him I shall give enjoyment a little, then I shall
compel him to the chastisement of the Fire -- how evil a homecoming!'
And when Abraham, and Ishmael with him, raised up the foundations of the
House: 'Our Lord, receive this from us; Thou art the All-hearing, the All-knowing;

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and, our Lord, make us submissive to Thee, and of our seed a nation submissive
to Thee; and show us our holy rites, and turn towards us; surely Thou turnest,
and art All-compassionate; and, our Lord, do Thou send among them a
Messenger, one of them, who shall recite to them Thy signs, and teach them the
Book and the Wisdom, and purify them; Thou art the All-mighty, the All-wise.'
Who therefore shrinks from the religion of Abraham, except he be foolishminded? Indeed, We chose him in the present world, and in the world to come he
shall be among the righteous.
125 When his Lord said to him, 'Surrender,' he said, 'I have surrendered me to
the Lord of all Being.' And Abraham charged his sons with this and Jacob
likewise: 'My sons, God has chosen for you the religion; see that you die not save
in surrender.'
Why, were you witnesses, when death came to Jacob? When he said to his sons,
'What will you serve after me?' They said, 'We will serve thy God and the God of
thy fathers Abraham, Ishmael and Isaac, One God; to Him we surrender.' That is
a nation that has passed away; there awaits them that they have earned, and
there awaits you that you have earned; you shall not be questioned concerning
the things they did.
And they say, 'Be Jews or Christians and you shall be guided.' Say thou: 'Nay,
rather the creed of Abraham, a man of pure faith; he was no idolater.'
130 Say you: 'We believe in God, and in that which has been sent down on us
and sent down on Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob, and the Tribes, and that
which was given to Moses and Jesus and the Prophets, of their Lord; we make no
division between any of them, and to Him we surrender.'
And if they believe in the like of that you believe in, then they are truly guided; but
if they turn away, then they are clearly in schism; God will suffice you for them; He
is the All-hearing, the All-knowing; the baptism of God; and who is there that
baptizes fairer than God? Him we are serving.
Say: 'Would you then dispute with us concerning God, who is our Lord and your
Lord? Our deeds belong to us, and to you belong your deeds; Him we serve
sincerely. Or do you say, "Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob, and the Tribes -they were Jews, or they were Christians"?' Say: 'Have you then greater
knowledge, or God? And who does greater evil than he who conceals a testimony
received from God? And God is not heedless of the things you do.'

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135 That is a nation that has passed away; there awaits them that they have
earned, and there awaits you that you have earned; you shall not be questioned
concerning the things they did.
The fools among the people will say, 'What has turned them from the direction
they were facing in their prayers aforetime?'
Say: "To God belong the East and the West; He guides whomsoever He will to a
straight path.'
Thus We appointed you a midmost nation that you might be witnesses to the
people, and that the Messenger might be a witness to you; and We did not
appoint the direction thou wast facing, except that We might know who followed
the Messenger from him who turned on his heels -- though it were a grave thing
save for those whom God has guided; but God would never leave your faith to
waste -- truly, God is All -- gentle with the people, All-compassionate.
We have seen thee turning thy face about in the heaven; now We will surely turn
thee to a direction that shall satisfy thee. Turn thy face towards the Holy Mosque;
and wherever you are, turn your faces towards it. Those who have been given the
Book know it is the truth from their Lord; God is not heedless of the things they
do.
140 Yet if thou shouldst bring to those that have been given the Book every sign,
they will not follow thy direction; thou art not a follower of their direction, neither
are they followers of one another's direction. If thou followest their caprices, after
the knowledge that has come to thee, then thou wilt surely be among the
evildoers whom We have given the Book, and they recognize as they recognize
their sons, even though there is a party of them conceal the truth and that
wittingly.
The truth comes from thy Lord; then be not among the doubters. Every man has
his direction to which he turns; so be you forward in good works. Wherever you
may be, God will bring you all together; surely God is powerful over everything.
From whatsoever place thou issuest, turn thy face towards the Holy Mosque; it is
the truth from thy Lord. God is not heedless of the things you do.
145 From whatsoever place thou issuest, turn thy face towards the Holy Mosque;
and wherever you may be, turn your faces towards it, that the people may not
have any argument against you, excepting the evildoers of them; and fear you
them not, but fear you Me; and that I may perfect My blessing upon you, and that
haply so you may be guided; as also We have sent among you, of yourselves, a

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Messenger, to recite Our signs to you and to purify you, and to teach you the
Book and the Wisdom, and to teach you that you knew not.
So remember Me, and I will remember you; and be thankful to Me; and be you
not ungrateful towards Me.
O all you who believe, seek you help in patience and prayer; surely God is with
the patient. And say not of those slain in God's way, 'They are dead'; rather they
are living, but you are not aware.
150 Surely We will try you with something of fear and hunger, and diminution of
goods and lives and fruits; yet give thou good tidings unto the patient who, when
they are visited by an affliction, say, 'Surely we belong to God, and to Him we
return'; upon those rest blessings and mercy from their Lord, and those -- they
are the truly guided.
Safa and Marwa are among the waymarks of God; so whosoever makes the
Pilgrimage to the House, or the Visitation, it is no fault in him to circumambulate
them; and whoso volunteers good, God is All-grateful, All-knowing
Those who conceal the clear signs and the guidance that We have sent down,
after We have shown them clearly in the Book -- they shall be cursed by God and
the cursers,
155 save such as repent and make amends, and show clearly -- towards them I
shall turn; I turn, All-compassionate. But those who disbelieve, and die
disbelieving -- upon them shall rest the curse of God and the angels, and of men
altogether, therein dwelling forever; the chastisement shall not be lightened for
them; no respite shall be given them.
Your God is One God; there is no god but He, the All-merciful, the Allcompassionate.
Surely in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of night
and day and the ship that runs in the sea with profit to men, and the water God
sends down from heaven therewith reviving the earth after it is dead and His
scattering abroad in it all manner of crawling thing, and the turning about of the
winds and the clouds compelled between heaven and earth -- surely there are
signs for a people having understanding.
160 Yet there be men who take to themselves compeers apart from God, loving
them as God is loved; but those that believe love God more ardently. O if the

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evildoers might see, when they see the chastisement, that the power altogether
belongs to God, and that God is terrible in chastisement, when those that were
followed disown their followers, and they see the chastisement, and their cords
are cut asunder, and those that followed say, 'O if only we might return again and
disown them, as they have disowned us!' Even so God shall show them their
works. O bitter regrets for them! Never shall they issue from the Fire.
O men, eat of what is in the earth lawful and good; and follow not the steps of
Satan; he is a manifest foe to you. He only commands you to evil and indecency,
and that you should speak against God such things as you know not.
165 And when it is said to them, 'Follow what God has sent down,' they say, 'No;
but we will follow such things as we found our fathers doing.'
What? And if their fathers had no understanding of anything, and if they were not
guided? The likeness of those who disbelieve is as the likeness of one who
shouts to that which hears nothing, save a call and a cry; deaf, dumb, blind -- they
do not understand.
O believers, eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you, and give
thanks to God, if it be Him that you serve. These things only has He forbidden
you: carrion, blood, the flesh of swine, what has been hollowed to other than God.
Yet who so is constrained, not desiring nor transgressing, no sin shall be on him;
God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
Those who conceal what of the Book God has sent down on them, and sell it for a
little price --they shall eat naught but the Fire in their bellies; God shall not speak
to them on the Day of Resurrection neither purify them; there awaits them a
painful chastisement.
170 Those are they that have bought error at the price of guidance, and
chastisement at the price of pardon; how patiently they shall endure the Fire!
That, because God has sent down the Book with the truth; and those that are at
variance regarding the Book are in wide schism.
It is not piety, that you turn your faces to the East and to the West. True piety is
this: to believe in God, and the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the Prophets,
to give of one's substance, however cherished, to kinsmen, and orphans, the
needy, the traveller, beggars, and to ransom the slave, to perform the prayer, to
pay the alms. And they who fulfil their covenant when they have engaged in a
covenant, and endure with fortitude misfortune, hardship and peril, these are they
who are true in their faith, these are the truly godfearing.

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O believers, prescribed for you is retaliation, touching the slain; freeman for
freeman, slave for slave, female for female. But if aught is pardoned a man by his
brother, let the pursuing be honourable, and let the payment be with kindliness.
That is a lightening granted you by your Lord, and a mercy; and for him who
commits aggression after that -- for him there awaits a painful chastisement.
175 In retaliation there is life for you, men possessed of minds; haply you will be
godfearing.
Prescribed for you, when any of you is visited by death, and he leaves behind
some goods, is to make testament in favour of his parents and kinsmen
honourably -- an obligation on the godfearing. Then if any man changes it after
hearing it, the sin shall rest upon those who change it; surely God is All-hearing,
All-knowing. But if any man fears injustice or sin from one making testament, and
so makes things right between them, then sin shall not rest upon him; surely God
is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
O believers, prescribed for you is the Fast, even as it was prescribed for those
that were before you -- haply you will be godfearing -180 for days numbered; and if any of you be sick, or if he be on a journey, then a
number of other days; and for those who are able to fast, a redemption by feeding
a poor man. Yet better. it is for him who volunteers good, and that you should fast
is better for you, if you but know; the month of Ramadan, wherein the Koran was
sent down to be a guidance to the people, and as clear signs of the Guidance and
the Salvation.
So let those of you, who are present at the month, fast it; and if any of you be
sick, or if he be on a journey, then a number of other days; God desires ease for
you, and desires not hardship for you; and that you fulfil the number, and magnify
God that He has guided you, and haply you will be thankful.
And when My servants question thee concerning Me -- I am near to answer the
call of the caller, when he calls to Me; so let them respond to Me, and let them
believe in Me; haply so they will go aright.
Permitted to you, upon the night of the Fast, is to go in to your wives; -- they are a
vestment for you, and you are a vestment for them. God knows that you have
been betraying yourselves, and has turned to you and pardoned you. So now lie
with them, and seek what God has prescribed for you. And eat and drink, until the
white thread shows clearly to you from the black thread at the dawn; then
complete the Fast unto the night, and do not lie with them while you cleave to the

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mosques. Those are God's bounds; keep well within them. So God makes clear
His signs to men; haply they will be godfearing.
Consume not your goods between you in vanity; neither proffer it to the judges,
that you may sinfully consume a portion of other men's goods, and that wittingly.
185 They will question thee concerning the new moons. Say: 'They are appointed
times for the people, and the Pilgrimage.'
It is; not piety to come to the houses from the backs of them; but piety is to be
godfearing; so come to the houses by their doors, and fear God; haply so you will
prosper.
And fight in the way of God with those; who fight with you, but aggress not: God
loves not the aggressors. And slay them wherever you come upon them, and
expel them from where they expelled you; persecution is more grievous than
slaying. But fight them not by the Holy Mosque until they should fight you there;
then, if they fight you, slay them -- such is the recompense of unbelievers -- but if
they give over, surely God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
Fight them, till there is no persecution and the religion is God's; then if they give
over, there shall be no enmity save for evildoers.
190 The holy month for the holy month; holy things demand retaliation. Whoso
commits aggression against you, do you commit aggression against him like as
he has committed against you, and fear you God, and know that God is with the
godfearing.
And expend in the way of God; and cast not yourselves by your own hands into
destruction, but be good-doers; God loves the good-doers.
Fulfil the Pilgrimage and the Visitation unto God; but if you are prevented, then
such offering as may be feasible. And shave not your heads, till the offering
reaches its place of sacrifice. If any of you is sick, or injured in his head, then
redemption by fast, or freewill offering, or ritual sacrifice. When you are secure,
then whosoever enjoys the Visitation until the Pilgrimage, let his offering be such
as may be feasible; or if he finds none, then a fast of three days in the Pilgrimage,
and of seven when you return, that is ten completely; that is for him whose family
are not present at the Holy Mosque. And fear God, and know that God is terrible
in retribution.

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The Pilgrimage is in months well-known; whoso undertakes the duty of Pilgrimage


in them shall not go in to his womenfolk nor indulge in ungodliness and disputing
in the Pilgrimage. Whatever good you do, God knows it. And take provision; but
the best provision is godfearing, so fear you Me, men possessed of minds! It is no
fault in you, that you should seek bounty from your Lord; but when you press on
from Arafat, then remember God at the Holy Waymark, and remember Him as He
has guided you, though formerly you were gone astray.
195 Then press on from where the people press on, and pray for God's
forgiveness; God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate. And when you have
performed your holy rites remember God, as you remember your fathers or yet
more devoutly. Now some men there are who say, 'Our Lord, give to us in this
world'; such men shall have no part in the world to come.
And others there are who say, 'Our Lord, give to us in this world good, and good
in the world to come, and guard us against the chastisement of the fire'; those -they shall have a portion from what they have earned; and God is swift at the
reckoning.
And remember God during certain days numbered. If any man hastens on in two
days, that is no sin in him; and if any delays, it is not a sin in him, if he be
godfearing. And fear you God, and know that unto Him you shall be mustered.
200 And some men there are whose saying upon the present world pleases thee,
and such a one calls on God to witness what is in his heart, yet he is most
stubborn in altercation, and when he turns his back, he hastens about the earth,
to do corruption there and to destroy the tillage and the stock; and God loves not
corruption; and when it is said to him, 'Fear God', vainglory seizes him in his sin.
So Gehenna shall be enough for him -- how evil a cradling!
But other men there are that sell themselves desiring God's good pleasure; and
God is gentle with His servants. O believers, enter the peace, all of you, and
follow not the steps of Satan;
205 he is a manifest foe to you. But if you slip, after the clear signs have come to
you, know then that God is All-mighty, All-wise.
What do they look for, but that God shall come to them in the cloud -- shadows,
and the angels? The matter is determined, and unto God all matters are returned.
Ask the Children of Israel how many a clear sign We gave them. Whoso changes
God's blessing after it has come to him, God is terrible in retribution. Decked out
fair to the unbelievers is the present life, and they deride the believers; but those

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who were godfearing shall be above them on the Resurrection Day; and God
provides whomsoever He will without reckoning.
The people were one nation; then God sent forth the Prophets, good tidings to
bear and warning, and He sent down with them the Book with the truth, that He
might decide between the people touching their differences; and only those who
had been given it were at variance upon it, after the clear signs had come to
them, being insolent one to another; then God guided those who believed to the
truth, touching which they were at variance, by His leave; and God guides
whomsoever He will to a straight path.
210 Or did you suppose you should enter Paradise without there had come upon
you the like of those who passed away before you? They were afflicted by misery
and hardship and were so convulsed, that the Messenger and those who believed
with him said, 'When comes God's help?' Ah, but surely God's help is nigh.
They will question thee concerning what they should expend. Say: 'Whatsoever
good you expend is for parents and kinsmen, orphans, the needy, and the
traveller; and whatever good you may do, God has knowledge of it.'
Prescribed for you is fighting, though it be hateful to you. Yet it may happen that
you will hate a thing which is better for you; and it may happen that you will love a
thing which is worse for you; God knows, and you know not.
They will question thee concerning the holy month, and fighting in it. Say:
'Fighting in it is a heinous thing, but to bar from God's way, and disbelief in Him,
and the Holy Mosque, and to expel its people from it -- that is more heinous in
God's sight; and persecution is more heinous than slaying.' They will not cease to
fight with you, till they turn you from your religion, if they are able; and whosoever
of you turns from his religion, and dies disbelieving -- their works have failed in
this world and the next; those are the inhabitants of the Fire; therein they shall
dwell forever.
215 But the believers, and those who emigrate and struggle in God's way -- those
have hope of God's compassion; and God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
They will question thee concerning wine, and arrow-shuffling. Say: 'In both is
heinous sin; and uses for men, but the sin in them is more heinous than the
usefulness.'

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They will question thee concerning what they should expend. Say: 'The
abundance.' So God makes clear His signs to you; haply you will reflect; in this
world, and the world to come.
They will question thee concerning the orphans. Say: 'To set their affairs aright is
good. And if you intermix with them, they are your brothers. God knows well him
who works corruption from him who sets aright; and had He willed He would have
harassed you. Surely God is All-mighty, All-wise.'
220 Do not marry idolatresses, until they believe; a believing slavegirl is better
than an idolatress, though you may admire her. And do not marry idolaters, until
they believe. A believing slave is better than an idolater, though you may admire
him.
Those call unto the Fire; and God calls unto Paradise, and pardon, by His leave,
and He makes clear His signs to the people; haply they will remember.
They will question thee concerning the monthly course. Say: 'It is hurt; so go
apart from women during the monthly course, and do not approach them till they
are clean. When they have cleansed themselves, then come unto them as God
has commanded you.' Truly, God loves those who repent, and He loves those
who cleanse themselves.
Your women are a tillage for you; so come unto your tillage as you wish, and
forward for your souls; and fear God, and know that you shall meet Him. Give
thou good tidings to the believers.
Do not make God a hindrance, through your oaths, to being pious and
godfearing, and putting things right between men. Surely God is All-hearing, Allknowing.
225 God will not take you to task for a slip in your oaths; but He will take you to
task for what your hearts have earned; and God is All-forgiving, All-clement.
For those who forswear their women a wait of four months; if they revert, God is
All-forgiving, All-compassionate; but if they resolve on divorce, surely God is Allhearing, All-knowing.
Divorced women shall wait by themselves for three periods; and it is not lawful for
them to hide what God has created in their wombs; if they believe in God and the
Last Day. In such time their mates have better right to restore them, if they desire

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to set things right. Women have such honourable rights as obligations, but their
men have a degree above them; God is All-mighty, All-wise.
Divorce is twice; then honourable retention or setting free kindly. It is not lawful for
you to take of what you have given them unless the couple fear they may not
maintain God's bounds; if you fear they may not maintain God's bounds, it is no
fault in them for her to redeem herself. Those are God's bounds; do not
transgress them. Whosoever transgresses the bounds of God -- those are the
evildoers.
230 If he divorces her finally, she shall not be lawful to him after that, until she
marries another husband. If he divorces her, then it is no fault in them to return to
each other, if they suppose that they will maintain God's bounds. Those are God's
bounds; He makes them clear unto a people that have knowledge.
When you divorce women, and they have reached their term, then retain them
honourably or set them free honourably; do not retain them by force, to
transgress; whoever does that has wronged himself. Take not God's signs in
mockery, and remember God's blessing upon you, and the Book and the Wisdom
He has sent down on you, to admonish you. And fear God, and know that God
has knowledge of everything.
When you divorce women, and they have reached their term, do not debar them
from marrying their husbands, when they have agreed together honourably. That
is an admonition for whoso of you believes in God and the Last Day; that is
cleaner and purer for you; God knows, and you know not.
Mothers shall suckle their children two years completely, for such as desire to
fulfil the suckling. It is for the father to provide them and clothe them honourably.
No soul is charged save to its capacity; a mother shall not be pressed for her
child, neither a father for his child.
The heir has a like duty. But if the couple desire by mutual consent and
consultation to wean, then it is no fault in them. And if you desire to seek nursing
for your children, it is no fault in you provide you hand over what you have given
honourably; and fear God, and know that God sees the things you do.
And those of you who die, leaving wives, they shall wait by themselves for four
months and ten nights; when they have reached their term then it is no fault in
you what they may do with themselves honourably. God is aware of the things
you do.

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There is no fault in you touching the proposal to women you offer, or hide in your
hearts; God knows that you will be mindful of them; but do not make troth with
them secretly without you speak honourable words. And do not resolve on the
knot of marriage until the book has reached its term; and know that God knows
what is in your hearts, so be fearful of Him; and know that God is All-forgiving, Allclement.
235 There is no fault in you, if you divorce women while as yet you have not
touched them nor appointed any marriage-portion for them; yet make provision
for them, the affluent man according to his means, and according to his means
the needy man, honourably -- an obligation on the good-doers.
And if you divorce them before you have touched them, and you have already
appointed for them a marriage-portion, then one-half of what you have appointed,
unless it be they make remission, or he makes remission in whose hand is the
knot of marriage; yet that you should remit is nearer to godfearing. Forget not to
be bountiful one towards another. Surely God sees the things you do.
Be you watchful over the prayers, and the middle prayer; and do you stand
obedient to God.
240 And if you are in fear, then afoot or mounted; but when you are secure, then
remember God, as He taught you the things that you knew not.
And those of you who die, leaving wives, let them make testament for their wives,
provision for a year without expulsion; but if they go forth, there is no fault in you
what they may do with themselves honourably; God is All-mighty, All-wise. There
shall be for divorced women provision honourable -- an obligation on the
godfearing.
So God makes clear His signs for you; haply you will understand.
Hast thou not regarded those who went forth from their habitations in their
thousands fearful of death? God said to them, 'Die!'
Then He gave them life. Truly God is bounteous to the people, but most of the
people are not thankful.
245 So fight in God's way, and know that God is All-hearing, All-knowing. Who is
he that will lend God a good loan, and He will multiply it for him manifold? God
grasps, and outspreads; and unto Him you shall be returned.

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Hast thou not regarded the Council of the Children of Israel, after Moses, when
they said to a Prophet of theirs, 'Raise up for us a king, and we will fight in God's
way.' He said, 'Might it be that, if fighting is prescribed for you, you will not fight?'
They said, 'Why should we not fight in God's way, who have been expelled from
our habitations and our children?' Yet when fighting was prescribed for them, they
turned their backs except a few of them; and God has knowledge of the evildoers.
Then their Prophet said to them, 'Verily God has raised up Saul for you as king.'
They said, 'How should he be king over us who have better right than he to
kingship, seeing he has not been given amplitude of wealth?'
He said, 'God has chosen him over you, and has increased him broadly in
knowledge and body. God gives the kingship to whom He will; and God is Allembracing, All-knowing.'
And their Prophet said to them, 'The sign of his kingship is that the Ark will come
to you, in it a Shechina from your Lord, and a remnant of what the folk of Moses
and Aaron's folk left behind, the angels bearing it. Surely in that shall be a sign for
you, if you are believers.'
250 And when Saul went forth with the hosts he said, 'God will try you with a river;
whosoever drinks of it is not of me, and whoso tastes it not, he is of me, saving
him who scoops up with his hand.' But they drank of it, except a few of them; and
when he crossed it, and those who believed with him, they said, 'We have no
power today against Goliath and his hosts.' Said those who reckoned they should
meet God, 'How often a little company has overcome a numerous company, by
God's leave! And God is with the patient.'
So, when they went forth against Goliath And his hosts, they said, 'Our Lord, pour
out upon us patience, and make firm our feet, and give us aid against the people
of the unbelievers!'
And they routed them, by the leave of God, and David slew Goliath; and God
gave him the kingship, and Wisdom, and He taught him such as He willed. Had
God not driven back the people, some by the means of others, the earth had
surely corrupted; but God is bounteous unto all beings.
These are the signs of God We recite to thee in truth, and assuredly thou art of
the number of the Envoys. And those Messengers, some We have preferred
above others; some there are to whom God spoke, and some He raised in rank.

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And We gave Jesus son of Mary the clear signs, and confirmed him with the Holy
Spirit. And had God willed, those who came after him would not have fought one
against the other after the clear signs had come to them; but they fell into
variance, and some of them believed, and some disbelieved; and had God willed
they would not have fought one against the other; but God does whatsoever He
desires.
255 O believers, expend of that wherewith We have provided you, before there
comes a day wherein shall be neither traffick, nor friendship, nor intercession; and
the unbelievers -- they are the evildoers.
God there is no god but He, the Living, the Everlasting. Slumber seizes Him not,
neither sleep; to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. Who is
there that shall intercede with Him save by His leave? He knows what lies before
them and what is after them, and they comprehend not anything of His knowledge
save such as He wills.
His Throne comprises the heavens and earth; the preserving of them oppresses
Him not; He is the All-high, the All-glorious.
No compulsion is there in religion. Rectitude has become clear from error. So
whosoever disbelieves in idols and believes in God, has laid hold of the most firm
handle, unbreaking; God is All-hearing, All-knowing.
God is the Protector of the believers; He brings them forth from the shadows into
the light.
And the unbelievers -- their protectors are idols, that bring them forth from the
light into the shadows; those are the inhabitants of the Fire, therein dwelling
forever.
260 Hast thou not regarded him who disputed with Abraham, concerning his Lord,
that God had given him the kingship? When Abraham said, 'My Lord is He who
gives life, and makes to die,' he said, 'I give life, and make to die.' Said Abraham,
'God brings the sun from the east; so bring thou it from the west.' Then the
unbeliever was confounded. God guides not the people of the evildoers.
Or such as he who passed by a city that was fallen down upon its turrets; he said,
'How shall God give life to this now it is dead?' So God made him die a hundred
years, then He raised him up, saying, 'How long hast thou tarried?' He said, 'I
have tarried a day, or part of a day.' Said He, 'Nay; thou hast tarried a hundred
years. Look at thy food and drink -- it has not spoiled; and look at thy ass. So We

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would make thee a sign for the people. And look at the bones; how We shall set
them up, and then clothe them with flesh.' So, when it was made clear to him, he
said, 'I know that God is powerful over everything.'
And when Abraham said, 'My Lord, show me how Thou wilt give life to the dead,'
He said, 'Why, dost thou not believe?' 'Yes,' he said, 'but that my heart may be at
rest.' Said He, 'Take four birds, and twist them to thee, then set a part of them on
every hill, then summon them, and they will come to thee running. And do thou
know that God is All-mighty, All-wise.'
The likeness of those who expend their wealth in the way of God is as the
likeness of a grain of corn that sprouts seven ears, in every ear a hundred grains.
So God multiplies unto whom He will; God is All-embracing, All-knowing.
Those who expend their wealth in the way of God then follow not up what they
have expended with reproach and injury, their wage is with their Lord, and no fear
shall be on them, neither shall they sorrow.
265 Honourable words, and forgiveness, are better than a freewill offering
followed by injury; and God is All-sufficient, All-clement.
O believers, void not your freewill offerings with reproach and injury, as one who
expends of his substance to show off to men and believes not in God and the
Last Day. The likeness of him is as the likeness of a smooth rock on which is soil,
and a torrent smites it, and leaves it barren. They have no power over anything
that they have earned. God guides not the people of the unbelievers.
But the likeness of those who expend their wealth, seeking God's good pleasure,
and to confirm themselves, is as the likeness of a garden upon a hill; a torrent
smites it and it yields its produce twofold; if no torrent smites it, yet dew; and God
sees the things you do.
Would any of you wish to have a garden of palms and vines, with rivers flowing
beneath it, and all manner of fruit there for him, then old age smites him, and he
has seed, but weaklings, then a whirlwind with fire smites it, and it is consumed?
So God makes clear the signs to you; haply you will reflect.
O believers, expend of the good things you have earned, and of that We have
produced for you from the earth, and intend not the corrupt of it for your
expending;

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270 for you would never take it yourselves, except you closed an eye on it; and
know that God is All-sufficient, All-laudable. Satan promises you poverty, and bids
you unto indecency; but God promises you His pardon and His bounty; and God
is All-embracing, All-knowing.
He gives the Wisdom to whomsoever He will, and whoso is given the Wisdom,
has been given much good; yet none remembers but men possessed of minds.
And whatever expenditure you expend, and whatever vow you vow, surely God
knows it. No helpers have the evildoers. If you publish your freewill offerings, it is
excellent; but if you conceal them, and give them to the poor, that is better for
you, and will acquit you of your evil deeds; God is aware of the things you do.
Thou art not responsible for guiding them; but God guides whomsoever He will.
And whatever good you expend is for yourselves, for then you are expending,
being desirous only of God's Face; and whatever good you expend shall be
repaid to you in full, and you will not be wronged, it being for the poor who are
restrained in the way of God, and are unable to journey in the land; the ignorant
man supposes them rich because of their abstinence, but thou shalt know them
by their mark -- they do not beg of men importunately. And whatever good you
expend, surely God has knowledge of it.
275 Those who expend their wealth night and day, secretly and in public, their
wage awaits them with their Lord, and no fear shall be on them, neither shall they
sorrow.
Those who devour usury shall not rise again except as he rises, whom Satan of
the touch prostrates; that is because they say, 'Trafficking (trade) is like usury.'
God has permitted trafficking, and forbidden usury. Whosoever receives an
admonition from his Lord and gives over, he shall have his past gains, and his
affair is committed to God; but whosoever reverts -- those are the inhabitants of
the Fire, therein dwelling forever. God blots out usury, but freewill offerings He
augments with interest. God loves not any guilty ingrate.
Those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, and perform the prayer, and
pay the alms -- their wage awaits them with their Lord, and no fear shall be on
them, neither shall they sorrow.
O believers, fear you God; and give up the usury that is outstanding, if you are
believers. But if you do not, then take notice that God shall war with you, and His

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Messenger; yet if you repent, you shall have your principal, unwronging and
unwronged.
280 And if any man should be in difficulties, let him have respite till things are
easier; but that you should give freewill offerings is better for you, did you but
know.
And fear a day wherein you shall be returned to God, and every soul shall be paid
in full what it has earned; and they shall not be wronged.
O believers, when you contract a debt one upon another for a stated term, write it
down, and let a writer write it down between you justly, and let not any writer
refuse to write it down, as God has taught him; so let him write, and let the debtor
dictate, and let him fear God his Lord and not diminish aught of it. And if the
debtor be a fool, or weak, or unable to dictate himself, then let his guardian
dictate justly. And call in to witness two witnesses, men; or if the two be not men,
then one man and two women, such witnesses as you approve of, that if one of
the two women errs the other will remind her; and let the witnesses not refuse,
whenever they are summoned. And be not loth to write it down, whether it be
small or great, with its term; that is more equitable in God's sight, more upright for
testimony, and likelier that you will not be in doubt. Unless it be merchandise
present that you give and take between you; then it shall be no fault in you if you
do not write it down. And take witnesses when you are trafficking one with
another. And let not either writer or witness be pressed; or if you do, that is
ungodliness in you. And fear God; God teaches you, and God has knowledge of
everything. And if you are upon a journey, and you do not find a writer, then a
pledge in hand. But if one of you trusts another, let him who is trusted deliver his
trust, and let him fear God his Lord. And do not conceal the testimony; whoso
conceals it, his heart is sinful; and God has knowledge of the things you do.
To God belongs all that is in the heavers and earth. Whether you publish what is
in your hearts or hide it, God shall make reckoning with you for it. He will forgive
whom He will, and chastise whom He will; God is powerful over everything.
285 The Messenger believes in what was sent down to him from his Lord, and the
believers; each one believes in God and His angels, and in His Books and His
Messengers; we make no division between any one of His Messengers. They
say, 'We hear, and obey.
Our Lord, grant us Thy forgiveness; unto Thee is the homecoming.'

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God charges no soul save to its capacity; standing to its account is what it has
earned, and against its account what it has merited.
Our Lord, take us not to task if we forget, or make mistake.
Our Lord; charge us not with a load such as Thou didst lay upon those before us.
Our Lord, do Thou not burden us beyond what we have the strength to bear.
And pardon us, and forgive us, and have mercy on us; Thou art our Protector.
And help us against the people of the unbelievers.
III

THE HOUSE OF IMRAN

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


3:1 Alif Lam Mim
God, there is no god but He, the Living, the Everlasting.
He has sent down upon thee the Book with the truth, confirming what was before
it, and He sent down the Torah and the Gospel aforetime, as guidance to the
people, and He sent down the Salvation.
As for those who disbelieve in God's signs, for them awaits a terrible
chastisement; God is All-mighty, Vengeful.
From God nothing whatever is hidden in heaven and earth. It is He who forms
you in the womb as He will. There is no god but He, the All-mighty, the All-wise.
3:5 It is He who sent down upon thee the Book, wherein are verses clear that are
the Essence of the Book, and others ambiguous. As for those in whose hearts is
swerving, they follow the ambiguous part, desiring dissension, and desiring its
interpretation; and none knows its interpretation, save only God. And those firmly
rooted in knowledge say, 'We believe in it; all is from our Lord'; yet none
remembers, but men possessed of minds.
Our Lord, make not our hearts to swerve after that Thou hast guided us; and give
us mercy from Thee; Thou art the Giver.
Our Lord, it is Thou that shall gather mankind for a day whereon is no doubt;
verily God will not fail the tryst.

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As for the unbelievers, their riches will not avail them, neither their children, aught
against God; those -- they shall be fuel for the Fire like Pharaoh's folk, and the
people before them, who cried lies to Our signs; God seized them because of
their sins; God is terrible in retribution.
3:10 Say to the unbelievers: 'You shall be overthrown, and mustered into
Gehenna -- an evil cradling!'
There has already been a sign for you in the two companies that encountered,
one company fighting in the way of God and another unbelieving; they saw them
twice the like of them, as the eye sees, but God confirms with His help whom He
will. Surely in that is a lesson for men possessed of eyes.
Decked out fair to men is the love of lusts -- women, children, heaped-up heaps
of gold and silver, horses of mark, cattle and tillage. That is the enjoyment of the
present life; but God -- with Him is the fairest resort.
Say: 'Shall I tell you of a better than that?' For those that are godfearing, with their
Lord are gardens underneath which rivers flow, therein dwelling forever, and
spouses purified, and God's good pleasure. And God sees His servants who say,
'Our Lord, we believe; forgive us our sins, and guard us against the chastisement
of the Fire' -3:15 men who are patient, truthful, obedient, expenders in alms, imploring God's
pardon at the daybreak.
God bears witness that there is no god but He -- and the angels, and men
possessed of knowledge -- upholding justice; there is no god but He, the Allmighty, the All-wise.
The true religion with God is Islam.
Those who were given the Book were not at variance except after the knowledge
came to them, being insolent one to another. And whoso disbelieves in God's
signs. God is swift at the reckoning.
So if they dispute with thee, say: 'I have surrendered my will to God, and
whosoever follows me. And say to those who have been given the Book and to
the common folk: 'Have you surrendered?' If they have surrendered, they are
right guided; but if they turn their backs, thine it is only to deliver the Message;
and God sees His servants.

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3:20 Those who disbelieve in the signs of God and slay the Prophets without
right, and slay such men as bid to justice -- do thou give them the good tidings of
a painful chastisement; their works have failed in this world and the next; they
have no helpers.
Hast thou not regarded those who were given a portion of the Book, being called
to the Book of God, that it might decide between them, and then a party of them
turned away, swerving aside?
That, because they said, 'The Fire shall not touch us, except for a number of
days'; and the lies they forged has deluded them in their religion.
But how will it be, when We gather them for a day whereon is no doubt, and every
soul shall be paid in full what it has earned, and they shall not be wronged?
3:25 Say: 'O God, Master of the Kingdom, Thou givest the Kingdom to whom
Thou wilt, and seizest the Kingdom from whom Thou wilt, Thou exaltest whom
Thou wilt, and Thou abasest whom Thou wilt; in Thy hand is the good; Thou art
powerful over everything.
Thou makest the night to enter into the day and Thou makest the day to enter into
the night, Thou bringest forth the living from the dead and Thou bringest forth the
dead from the living, and Thou providest whomsoever Thou wilt without
reckoning.
Let not the believers take the unbelievers for friends, rather than the believers -for whoso does that belongs not to God in anything -- unless you have a fear of
them. God warns you that you beware of Him, and unto God is the homecoming.
Say: 'Whether you hide what is in your breasts or publish it, God knows it. God
knows what is in the heavens and what is in the earth; and God is powerful over
everything.'
The day every soul shall find what it has done of good brought forward, and what
it has done of evil; it will wish if there were only a far space between it and that
day. God warns you that you beware of Him; and God is gentle with His servants.
Say: 'If you love God, follow me, and God will love you, and forgive you your sins;
God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.' Say: 'Obey God, and the Messenger.' But
if they turn their backs, God loves not the unbelievers.
3:30 God chose Adam and Noah
and the House of Abraham

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and the House of Imran


above all beings, the
seed of one another;
God hears, and knows.
When the wife of Imran said, 'Lord, I have vowed to Thee, in dedication, what is
within my womb. Receive Thou this from me; Thou hearest, and knowest.' And
when she gave birth to her she said, 'Lord, I have given birth to her, a female.'
(And God knew very well what she had given birth to; the male is not as the
female.) 'And I have named her Mary, and commend her to Thee with her seed,
to protect them from the accursed Satan.' Her Lord received the child with
gracious favour, and by His goodness she grew up comely, Zachariah taking
charge of her. Whenever Zachariah went in to her in the Sanctuary, he found her
provisioned. 'Mary,' he said, 'how comes this to thee?' 'From God,' she said. Truly
God provisions whomsoever He will without reckoning.
Then Zachariah prayed to his Lord saying, 'Lord, give me of Thy goodness a
goodly offspring. Yea, Thou hearest prayer.' And the angels called to him,
standing in the Sanctuary at worship, 'Lo, God gives thee good tidings of John,
who shall confirm a Word of God, a chief, and chaste, a Prophet, righteous.'
3:35 'Lord,' said Zachariah, 'how shall I have a son, seeing I am an old man and
my wife is barren?'
'Even so,' God said, 'God does what He will.' 'Lord,' said Zachariah, 'appoint to
me a sign.' 'Thy sign,' God said, 'is that thou shalt not speak, save by tokens, to
men for three days. And mention thy Lord oft, and give glory at evening and
dawn.'
3:40 And when the angels said, 'Mary, God has chosen thee, and purified thee;
He has chosen thee above all women. Mary; be obedient to thy Lord, prostrating
and bowing before Him.' (That is of the tidings of the Unseen, that We reveal to
thee; for thou wast not with them, when they were casting quills which of them
should have charge of Mary; thou wast not with them, when they were disputing.)
When the angels said, 'Mary, God gives thee good tidings of a Word from Him
whose name is Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary; high honoured shall he be in this
world and the next, near stationed to God. He shall speak to men in the cradle,
and of age, and righteous he shall be.'
'Lord,' said Mary, 'how shall I have a son seeing no mortal has touched me?'
'Even so,' God said, God creates what He will. When He decrees a thing He does
but say to it "Be," and it is. And He will teach him the Book, the Wisdom, the

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Torah, the Gospel, to be a Messenger to the Children of Israel saying, "I have
come to you with a sign from your Lord. I will create for you out of clay as the
likeness of a bird; then I will breathe into it, and it will be a bird, by the leave of
God. I will also heal the blind and the leper, and bring to life the dead, by the
leave of God. I will inform you too of what things you eat, and what you treasure
up in your houses. Surely in that is a sign for you, if you are believers. Likewise
confirming the truth of the Torah that is before me, and to make lawful to you
certain things that before were forbidden unto you. I have come to you with a sign
from your Lord; so fear you God, and obey you me. Surely God is my Lord and
your Lord; so serve Him. This is a straight path".'
3:45 And when Jesus perceived their unbelief, he said, 'Who will be my helpers
unto God?' The Apostles said, 'We will be helpers of God; we believe in God;
witness thou our submission. Lord, we believe in that Thou hast sent down, and
we follow the Messenger. Inscribe us therefore with those who bear witness.'
And they devised, and God devised, and God is the best of devisers.
When God said, 'Jesus, I will take thee to Me and will raise thee to Me and I will
purify thee of those who believe not. I will set thy followers above the unbelievers
till the Resurrection Day. Then unto Me shall you return, and I will decide between
you, as to what you were at variance on. As for the unbelievers, I will chastise
them with a terrible chastisement in this world and the next; they shall have no
helpers.'
3:50 But as for the believers, who do deeds of righteousness, He will pay them in
full their wages: and God loves not the evildoers.
This We recite to thee of signs and wise remembrance. Truly, the likeness of
Jesus, in God's sight, is as Adam's likeness; He created him of dust, then said He
unto him, 'Be,' and he was. The truth is of God; be not of the doubters. And
whoso disputes with thee concerning him, after the knowledge that has come to
thee, say: 'Come now, let us call our sons and your sons, our wives and your
wives, our selves and your selves, then let us humbly pray and so lay God's
curse upon the ones who lie.'
3:55 This is the true story. There is no god but God, and assuredly God is the Allmighty, the All-wise. And if they turn their backs, assuredly God knows the
workers of corruption.
Say: 'People of the Book! Come now to a word common between us and you,
that we serve none but God, and that we associate not aught with Him, and do

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not some of us take others as Lords, apart from God.' And if they turn their backs,
say: 'Bear witness that we are Muslims.'
People of the Book! Why do you dispute concerning Abraham? The Torah was
not sent down, neither the Gospel, but after him. What, have you no reason?
Ha, you are the ones who dispute on what you know; why then dispute you
touching a matter of which you know not anything? God knows, and you know
not.
3:60 No; Abraham in truth was not a Jew, neither a Christian; but he was a
Muslim and one pure of faith; certainly he was never of the idolaters.
Surely the people standing closest to Abraham are those who followed him, and
this Prophet, and those who believe; and God is the Protector of the believers.
There is a party of the People of the Book yearn to make you go astray; yet none
they make to stray, except themselves, but they are not aware.
People of the Book! Why do you disbelieve in God's signs, which you yourselves
witness? People of the Book! Why do you confound the truth with vanity, and
conceal the truth and that wittingly?
3:65 There is a party of the People of the Book say, 'Believe in what has been
sent down upon those who believe at the beginning of the day, and disbelieve at
the end of it; haply they will then return; and believe not any but him who follows
your religion.'
Say: 'The true guidance is God's guidance -- that anyone should be given the like
of what you have been given, or dispute with you before your Lord.' Say: 'Surely
bounty is in the hand of God; He gives it unto whomsoever He will; and God is Allembracing, All-knowing.
'He singles out for His mercy whom He will; God is of bounty abounding.'
And of the People of the Book is he who, if thou trust him with a hundredweight,
will restore it thee; and of them is he who, if thou trust him with one pound, will not
restore it thee, unless ever thou standest over him.
That, because they say, 'There is no way over us as to the common people.' They
speak falsehood against God and that wittingly.

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3:70 Nay, but whoso fulfils his covenant and fears God, God loves the godfearing.
Those that sell God's covenant, and their oaths, for a little price, there shall be no
share for them in the world to come; God shall not speak to them neither look on
them on the Resurrection Day, neither will He purify them; and for them awaits a
painful chastisement.
And there is a sect of them twist their tongues with the Book, that you may
suppose it part of the Book, yet it is not part of the Book; and they say, 'It is from
God,' yet it is not from God, and they speak falsehood against God, and that
wittingly.
It belongs not to any mortal that God should give him the Book, the Judgment, the
Prophethood, then he should say to men, 'Be you servants to me apart from God.'
Rather, 'Be you masters in that you know the Book, and in that you study.' He
would never order you to take the angels and the Prophets as Lords; what, would
He order you to disbelieve, after you have surrendered?
3:75 And when God took compact with the Prophets: 'That I have given you of
Book and Wisdom; then there shall come to you a Messenger confirming what is
with you -- you shall believe in him and you shall help him; do you agree?' He
said. 'And do you take My load on you on that condition?' They said, 'We do
agree.' God said, 'Bear witness so, and I shall be with you among the witnesses.'
Then whosoever turns his back after that -- they are the ungodly.
What, do they desire another religion than God's, and to Him has surrendered
whoso is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and to Him they
shall be returned?
Say: 'We believe in God, and that which has been sent down on us, and sent
down on Abraham and Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob, and the Tribes, and in that
which was given to Moses and Jesus, and the Prophets, of their Lord; we make
no division between any of them, and to Him we surrender.'
Whoso desires another religion than Islam, it shall not be accepted of him; in the
next world he shall be among the losers.
3:80 How shall God guide a people who have disbelieved after they believed, and
bore witness that the Messenger is true, and the clear signs came to them? God
guides not the people of the evildoers. Those -- their recompense is that there
shall rest on them the curse of God and of the angels and of men, altogether,
therein dwelling forever; the chastisement shall not be lightened for them; no

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respite shall be given them. But those who repent thereafter, and make amends -God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
Surely those who disbelieve after they have believed and then increase in
unbelief -- their repentance shall not be accepted; those are the ones who stray.
3:85 Surely those who disbelieve, and die disbelieving, there shall not be
accepted from any one of them the whole earth full of gold, if he would ransom
himself thereby; for them awaits a painful chastisement, and they shall have no
helpers.
You will not attain piety until you expend of what you love; and whatever thing you
expend, God knows of it.
All food was lawful to the Children of Israel
save what Israel forbade for himself
before the Torah was sent down. Say:
'Bring you the Torah now, and recite it,
if you are truthful.'
Whoso forges falsehood against God after that,
those are the evildoers.
Say: 'God has spoken the truth; therefore follow the creed of Abraham, a man of
pure faith and no idolater.'
3:90 The first House established for the people was that at Bekka, a place holy,
and a guidance to all beings. Therein are clear signs -- the station of Abraham,
and whosoever enters it is in security.
It is the duty of all men towards God to come to the House a pilgrim, if he is able
to make his way there. As for the unbeliever, God is All-sufficient nor needs any
being.
Say: 'People of the Book, why do you disbelieve in the signs of God? Surely God
is witness of the things you do.'
Say: 'People of the Book, why do you bar from God's way the believer, desiring to
make it crooked, yourselves being witnesses? God is not heedless of the things
you do.'
3:95 O believers, if you obey a sect of those who have been given the Book, they
will turn you, after you have believed, into unbelievers.

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How can you disbelieve, seeing you have God's signs recited to you, and His
Messenger among you? Whosoever holds fast to God, he is guided to a straight
path.
O believers, fear God as He should be feared, and see you do not die, save in
surrender. And hold you fast to God's bond, together, and do not scatter;
remember God's blessing upon you when you were enemies, and He brought
your hearts together, so that by His blessing you became brothers.
You were upon the brink of a pit of Fire, and He delivered you from it; even so
God makes clear to you His signs; so haply you will be guided.
3:100 Let there be one nation of you, calling to good, and bidding to honour, and
forbidding dishonour; those are the prosperers. Be not as those who scattered
and fell into variance after the clear signs came to them; those there awaits a
mighty chastisement, the day when some faces are blackened, and some faces
whitened.
As for those whose faces are blackened --'Did you disbelieve after you had
believed? Then taste the chastisement for that you disbelieved!' But as for those
whose faces are whitened, they shall be in God's mercy, therein dwelling forever.
These are the signs of God We recite to thee in truth, and God desires not any
injustice to living beings.
3:105 To God belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth, and unto Him all
matters are returned.
You are the best nation ever brought forth to men, bidding to honour, and
forbidding dishonour, and believing in God. Had the People of the Book believed,
it were better for them; some of them are believers, but the most of them are
ungodly.
They will not harm you, except a little hurt; and if they fight with you, they will turn
on you their backs; then they will not be helped.
Abasement shall be pitched on them, wherever they are come upon, except they
be in a bond of God, and a bond of the people; they will be laden with the burden
of God's anger, and poverty shall be pitched on them; that, because they
disbelieved in God's signs, and slew the Prophets without right; that, for that they
acted rebelliously and were transgressors.

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Yet they are not all alike; some of the People of the Book are a nation upstanding,
that recite God's signs in the watches of the night, bowing themselves,
3:110 believing in God and in the Last Day, bidding to honour and forbidding
dishonour, vying one with the other in good works; those are of the righteous.
And whatsoever good you do, you shall not be denied the just reward of it; and
God knows the godfearing.
As for the unbelievers, their riches shall not avail them, neither their children,
against God; those are the inhabitants of the Fire, therein dwelling forever.
The likeness of that they expend in this present life is as the likeness of a freezing
blast that smites the tillage of a people who wronged themselves, and it
destroyed that; God wronged them not, but themselves they wronged.
O believers, take not for your intimates outside yourselves such men spare
nothing to ruin you; they yearn for you to suffer. Hatred has already shown itself
of their mouths, and what their breasts conceal is yet greater. Now We have
made clear to you the signs, if you understand.
3:115 Ha, there you are; you love them, and they love you not; you believe in the
Book, all of it, and when they meet you they say, 'We believe,' but when they go
privily, they bite at you their fingers, enraged. Say: 'Die in your rage; God knows
the thoughts in the breasts.'
If you are visited by good fortune, it vexes them; but if you are smitten by evil,
they rejoice at it. Yet if you are patient and godfearing, their guile will hurt you
nothing; God encompasses the things they do.
When thou wentest forth at dawn from thy people to lodge the believers in their
pitches for the battle -- God is All-hearing, All-knowing -- when two parties of you
were about to lose heart, though God was their Protector -- and in God let the
believers put all their trust -- and God most surely helped you at Badr, when you
were utterly abject. So fear God, and haply you will be thankful.
3:120 When thou saidst to the believers, 'Is it not enough for you that your Lord
should reinforce you with three thousand angels sent down upon you? Yea; if you
are patient and godfearing, and the foe come against you instantly, your Lord will
reinforce you with five thousand swooping angels.' God wrought this not, save as
good tiding to you, and that your hearts might be at rest; help comes only from

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God the All-mighty, the All-wise; and that He might cut off a part of the unbelievers
or frustrate them, so that they turned in their tracks, disappointed.
No part of the matter is thine, whether He turns towards them again, or chastises
them; for they are evildoers.
To God belongs all that is in the heavens and earth; He forgives whom He will,
and chastises whom He will; God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
3:125 O believers, devour not usury, doubled and redoubled, and fear you God;
haply so you will prosper.
And fear the Fire prepared for the unbelievers, and obey God and the Messenger;
haply so you will find mercy.
And vie with one another, hastening to forgiveness from your Lord, and to a
garden whose breadth is as the heavens and earth, prepared for the godfearing
who expend in prosperity and adversity in almsgiving, and restrain their rage, and
pardon the offences of their fellowmen; and God loves the good-doers; who,
when they commit an indecency or wrong themselves, remember God, and pray
forgiveness for their sins -- and who shall forgive sins but God? -- and do not
persevere in the things they did and that wittingly.
3:130 Those -- their recompense is forgiveness from their Lord, and gardens
beneath which rivers flow, therein dwelling forever; and how excellent is the wage
of those who labour!
Divers institutions have passed away before you; journey in the land, and behold
how was the end of those that cried lies.
This is an exposition for mankind, and a guidance, and an admonition for such as
are godfearing. Faint not, neither sorrow; you shall be the upper ones if you are
believers.
If a wound touches you, a like wound already has touched the heathen; such
days We deal out in turn among men, and that God may know who are the
believers, and that He may take witnesses from among you; and God loves not
the evildoers;
3:135 and that God may prove the believers, and blot out the unbelievers. Or did
you suppose you should enter Paradise without God know who of you have
struggled and who are patient?

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You were longing for death before you met it; now you have seen it, while you
were beholding.
Muhammad is naught but a Messenger; Messengers have passed away before
him. Why, if he should die or is slain, will you turn about on your heels? If any
man should turn about on his heels, he will not harm God in any way; and God
will recompense the thankful.
It is not given to any soul to die, save by the leave of God, at an appointed time.
Whoso desires the reward of this world, We will give him of this; and whoso
desires the reward of the other world, We will give him of that; and We will
recompense the thankful.
3:140 Many a Prophet there has been, with whom thousands manifold have
fought, and they fainted not for what smote them in God's way, neither weakened,
nor did they humble themselves; and God loves the patient.
Nothing else they said but, 'Lord, forgive us our sins, and that we exceeded in our
affair, and make firm our feet, and help us against the people of the unbelievers.'
And God gave them the reward of this world and the fairest reward of the world to
come; and God loves the good-doers.
O believers, if you obey the unbelievers they will turn you upon your heels, and
you will turn about, losers.
No; but God is your Protector, and He is the best of helpers. We will cast into the
hearts of the unbelievers terror, for that they have associated with God that for
which He sent down never authority; their lodging shall be the Fire; evil is the
lodging of the evildoers.
3:145 God has been true in His promise towards you when you blasted them by
His leave; until you lost heart, and quarrelled about the matter, and were
rebellious, after He had shown you that you longed for.
Some of you there are that desire this world, and some of you there are desire
the next world. Then He turned you from them, that He might try you; and He has
pardoned you; and God is bounteous to the believers.
When you were going up, not twisting about for anyone, and the Messenger was
calling you in your rear; so He rewarded you with grief on grief that you might not
sorrow for what escaped you neither for what smote you; and God is aware of the
things you do.

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Then He sent down upon you, after grief, security -- a slumber overcoming a
party of you; and a party themselves had grieved, thinking of God thoughts that
were not true such as the pagans thought, saying, 'Have we any part whatever in
the affair?'
Say: 'The affair belongs to God entirely.' They were concealing in their hearts that
they show not to thee, saying, 'Ah, if we had had a part in the affair, never would
we have been slain here.' Say: 'Even if you had been in your houses, those for
whom slaying was appointed would have sallied forth unto their last couches';
and that God might try what was in your breasts, and that He might prove what
was in your hearts; and God knows the thoughts in the breasts.
Those of you who turned away the day the two hosts encountered -- Satan made
them slip for somewhat they had earned; but God has pardoned them; God is Allforgiving, All-clement.
3:150 O believers, be not as the unbelievers who say to their brothers, when they
journey in the land, or are upon expeditions, 'If they had been with us, they would
not have died and not been slain' -- that God may make that an anguish in their
hearts. For God gives life, and He makes to die; and God sees the things you do.
If you are slain or die in God's way, forgiveness and mercy from God are a better
thing than that you amass; surely if you die or are slain, it is unto God you shall
be mustered.
It was by some mercy of God that thou wast gentle to them; hadst thou been
harsh and hard of heart, they would have scattered from about thee. So pardon
them, and pray forgiveness for them, and take counsel with them in the affair; and
when thou art resolved, put thy trust in God; surely God loves those who put their
trust.
If God helps you, none can overcome you; but if He forsakes you, who then can
help you after Him? Therefore in God let the believers put all their trust.
3:155 It is not for a Prophet to be fraudulent; whoso defrauds shall bring the fruits
of his fraud on the Day of Resurrection; then every soul shall be paid in full what it
has earned, and they shall not be wronged.
What, is he who follows God's good pleasure like him who is laden with the
burden of God's anger, whose refuge is Gehenna? An evil homecoming!

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They are in ranks with God; and God sees the things they do. Truly God was
gracious to the believers when He raised up among them a Messenger from
themselves, to recite to them His signs and to purify them, and to teach them the
Book and the Wisdom, though before they were in manifest error.
Why, when an affliction visited you, and you had visited twice over the like of it,
did you say, 'How is this?' Say: 'This is from your own selves; surely God is
powerful over everything.'
3:160 And what visited you, the day the two hosts encountered, was by God's
leave, and that He might know the believers; and that He might also know the
hypocrites when it was said of them, 'Come now, fight in the way of God, or repel!'
They said, 'If only we knew how to fight, we would follow you.' They that day were
nearer to unbelief than to belief, saying with their mouths that which never was in
their hearts; and God knows very well the things they hide; who said of their
brothers (and they themselves held back), 'Had they obeyed us, they would not
have been slain.' Say: 'Then avert death from yourselves, if you speak truly.'
Count not those who were slain in God's way as dead, but rather living with their
Lord, by Him provided, rejoicing in the bounty that God has given them, and joyful
in those who remain behind and have not joined them, because no fear shall be
on them, neither shall they sorrow,
3:165 joyful in blessing and bounty from God, and that God leaves not to waste
the wage of the believers. And those who answered God and the Messenger after
the wound had smitten them -- to all those of them who did good and feared God,
shall be a mighty wage; those to whom the people said, 'The people have
gathered against you, therefore fear them', but it increased them in faith, and they
said, 'God is sufficient for us; an excellent Guardian is He.'
So they returned with blessing and bounty from God, untouched by evil; they
followed the good pleasure of God; and God is of bounty abounding. That is
Satan frightening his friends, therefore do not fear them; but fear you Me, if you
are believers.
3:170 Let them not grieve thee that vie with one another in unbelief; they will
nothing hurt God; God desires not to appoint for them a portion in the world to
come, and there awaits them a mighty chastisement. Those who buy unbelief at
the price of faith, they will nothing hurt God; and there awaits them a painful
chastisement.

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And let not the unbelievers suppose that the indulgence We grant them is better
for them; We grant them indulgence only that they may increase in sin; and there
awaits them a humbling chastisement.
God will not leave the believers in the state in which you are, till He shall
distinguish the corrupt from the good, and God will not inform you of the Unseen;
but God chooses out of His Messengers whom He will. Believe you then in God
and His Messengers; and if you believe and are godfearing, there shall be for you
a mighty wage.
3:175 But as for those who are niggardly with the bounty God has given them, let
them not suppose it is better for them; nay, it is worse for them; that they were
niggardly with they shall have hung about their necks on the Resurrection Day;
and to God belongs the inheritance of the heavens and earth; and God is aware
of the things you do.
God has heard the saying of those who said, 'Surely God is poor, and we are
rich.' We shall write down what they have said, and their slaying the Prophets
without right, and We shall say, 'Taste the chastisement of the burning -- that, for
what your hands have forwarded, and for that God is never unjust unto His
servants.'
Those same men said, 'God has made covenant with us, that we believe not any
Messenger until he brings to us a sacrifice devoured by fire.'
3:180 Say: 'Messengers have come to you before me bearing clear signs, and
that you spoke of; why therefore did you slay them, if you speak truly?'
But if they cry lies to thee, lies were cried to Messengers before thee, who came
bearing clear signs, and the Psalms, and the Book Illuminating.
Every soul shall taste of death; you shall surely be paid in full your wages on the
Day of Resurrection. Whosoever is removed from the Fire and admitted to
Paradise, shall win the triumph. The present life is but the joy of delusion.
You shall surely be tried in your possessions and your selves, and you shall hear
from those who were given the Book before you, and from those who are
idolaters, much hurt; but if you are patient and godfearing -- surely that is true
constancy.

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And when God took compact with those who had been given the Book: 'You shall
make it clear unto the people, and not conceal it.' But they rejected it behind their
backs and sold it for a small price -- how evil was that their selling!
3:185 Reckon not that those who rejoice in what they have brought, and love to
be praised for what they have not done -- do not reckon them secure from
chastisement; for them awaits a painful chastisement.
To God belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and of the earth; and God is
powerful over everything. Surely in the creation of the heavens and earth and in
the alternation of night and day there are signs for men possessed of minds who
remember God, standing and sitting and on their sides, and reflect upon the
creation of the heavens and the earth:
'Our Lord, Thou hast not created this for vanity. Glory be to Thee! Guard us
against the chastisement of the Fire. Our Lord, whomsoever Thou admittest into
the Fire, Thou wilt have abased; and the evildoers shall have no helpers.
3:190 Our Lord, we have heard a caller calling us to belief, saying, "Believe you in
your Lord!" And we believe. Our Lord, forgive Thou us our sins and acquit us of
our evil deeds, and take us to Thee with the pious.
Our Lord, give us what Thou hast promised us by Thy Messengers, and abase us
not on the Day of Resurrection; Thou wilt not fail the tryst.'
And their Lord answers them: 'I waste not the labour of any that labours among
you, be you male or female -- the one of you is as the other.
And those who emigrated, and were expelled from their habitations, those who
suffered hurt in My way, and fought, and were slain -- them I shall surely acquit of
their evil deeds, and I shall admit them to gardens underneath which rivers flow.'
3:195 A reward from God! And God with Him is the fairest reward.
Let it not delude thee, that the unbelievers go to and fro in the land; a little
enjoyment, then their refuge is Gehenna -- an evil cradling! But those who fear
their Lord -- for them shall be gardens underneath which rivers flow, therein
dwelling forever -- a hospitality God Himself offers; and that which is with God is
better for the pious.
And some there are of the People of the Book who believe in God, and what has
been sent down unto you, and what has been sent down unto them, men humble

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to God, not selling the signs of God for a small price; those -- their wage is with
their Lord; God is swift at the reckoning.
3:200 O believers, be patient, and vie you in patience; be steadfast; fear God;
haply so you will prosper.
IV

WOMEN

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


4:1 Mankind, fear your Lord, who created you of a single soul, and from it created
its mate, and from the pair of them scattered abroad many men and women; and
fear God by whom you demand one of another, and the wombs; surely God ever
watches over you.
Give the orphans their property, and do not exchange the corrupt for the good;
and devour not their property with your property; surely that is a great crime.
If you fear that you will not act justly towards the orphans, marry such women as
seem good to you, two, three, four; but if you fear you will not be equitable, then
only one, or what your right hands own; so it is likelier you will not be partial. And
give the women their dowries as a gift spontaneous; but if they are pleased to
offer you any of it, consume it with wholesome appetite. But do not give to fools
their property that God has assigned to you to manage; provide for them and
clothe them out of it, and speak to them honourable words.
4:5 Test well the orphans, until they reach the age of marrying; then, if you
perceive in them right judgment, deliver to them their property; consume it not
wastefully and hastily ere they are grown. If any man is rich, let him be abstinent;
if poor, let him consume in reason. And when you deliver to them their property,
take witnesses over them; God suffices for a reckoner.
To the men a share of what parents and kinsmen leave, and to the women a
share of what parents and kinsmen leave, whether it be little or much, a share
apportioned; and when the division is attended by kinsmen and orphans and the
poor, make provision for them out of it, and speak to them honourable words.
4:10 And let those fear who, if they left behind them weak seed, would be afraid
on their account, and let them fear God, and speak words hitting the mark. Those

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who devour the property of orphans unjustly, devour Fire in their bellies, and shall
assuredly roast in a Blaze.
God charges you, concerning your children: to the male the like of the portion of
two females, and if they be women above two, then for them two-thirds of what he
leaves, but if she be one then to her a half; and to his parents to each one of the
two the sixth of what he leaves, if he has children; but if he has no children, and
his heirs are his parents, a third to his mother, or, if he has brothers, to his mother
a sixth, after any bequest he may bequeath, or any debt. Your fathers and your
sons -- you know not which out of them is nearer in profit to you. So God
apportions; surely God is All-knowing, All-wise.
And for you a half of what your wives leave, if they have no children; but if they
have children, then for you of what they leave a fourth, after any bequest they
may bequeath, or any debt. And for them a fourth of what you leave, if you have
no children; but if you have children, then for them of what you leave an eighth,
after any bequest you may bequeath, or any debt.
15 If a man or a woman have no heir direct, but have a brother or a sister, to each
of the two a sixth; but if they are more numerous than that, they share equally a
third, after any bequest he may bequeath, or any debt not prejudicial; a charge
from God. God is All-knowing, All-clement.
Those are God's bounds. Whoso obeys God and His Messenger, He will admit
him to gardens underneath which rivers flow, therein dwelling forever; that is the
mighty triumph.
But whoso disobeys God, and His Messenger, and transgresses His bounds, him
He will admit to a Fire, therein dwelling forever, and for him there awaits a
humbling chastisement.
Such of your women as commit indecency, call four of you to witness against
them; and if they witness, then detain them in their houses until death takes them
or God appoints for them a way.
20 And when two of you commit indecency, punish them both; but if they repent
and make amends, then suffer them to be; God turns, and is All-compassionate.
God shall turn only towards those who do evil in ignorance, then shortly repent;
God will return towards those; God is All-knowing, All-wise. But God shall not turn
towards those who do evil deeds until, when one of them is visited by death, he

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says, 'Indeed now I repent,' neither to those who die disbelieving; for them We
have prepared a painful chastisement.
O believers, it is not lawful for you to inherit women against their will; neither
debar them, that you may go off with part of what you have given them, except
when they commit a flagrant indecency. Consort with them honourably; or if you
are averse to them, it is possible you may be averse to a thing, and God set in it
much good.
And if you desire to exchange a wife in place of another, and you have given to
one a hundredweight, take of it nothing. What, will you take it by way of calumny
and manifest sin?
25 How shall you take it, when each of you has been privily with the other, and
they have taken from you a solemn compact? And do not marry women that your
fathers married, unless it be a thing of the past; surely that is indecent and
hateful; an evil way.
Forbidden to you are your mothers and daughters, your sisters, your aunts
paternal and maternal, your brother's daughters, your sister's daughters, your
mothers who have given suck to you, your suckling sisters, your wives' mothers,
your stepdaughters who are in your care being born of your wives you have been
in to -- but if you have not yet been in to them it is no fault in you -- and the
spouses of your sons who are of your loins, and that you should take to you two
sisters together, unless it be a thing of the past; God is All-forgiving, Allcompassionate; and wedded women, save what your right hands own. So God
prescribes for you. Lawful for you, beyond all that, is that you may seek, using
your wealth, in wedlock and not in licence. Such wives as you enjoy thereby, give
them their wages apportionate; it is no fault in you in your agreeing together, after
the due apportionate. God is All-knowing, All-wise.
Any one of you who has not the affluence to be able to marry believing
freewomen in wedlock, let him take believing handmaids that your right hands
own; God knows very well your faith; the one of you is as the other. So marry
them, with their people's leave, and give them their wages honourably as women
in wedlock, not as in licence or taking lovers.
30 But when they are in wedlock, if they commit indecency, they shall be liable to
half the chastisement of freewomen. That provision is for those of you who fear
fornication; yet it is better for you to be patient. God is All-forgiving, Allcompassionate.

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God desires to make clear to you, and to guide you in the institutions of those
before you, and to turn towards you; God is All-knowing, All-wise; and God
desires to turn towards you, but those who follow their lusts desire you to swerve
away mightily. God desires to lighten things for you, for man was created a
weakling.
O believers, consume not your goods between you in vanity, except there be
trading, by your agreeing together. And kill not one another. Surely God is
compassionate to you. But whosoever does that in transgression and wrongfully,
him We shall certainly roast at a Fire; and that for God is an easy matter.
35 If you avoid the heinous sins that are forbidden you, We will acquit you of your
evil deeds, and admit you by the gate of honour.
Do not covet that whereby God in bounty has preferred one of you above another.
To the men a share from what they have earned, and to the women a share from
what they have earned. And ask God of His bounty; God knows everything.
To everyone We have appointed heirs of that which parents and kinsmen leave,
and those with whom you have sworn compact. So give to them their share; God
is witness over everything.
Men are the managers of the affairs of women for that God has preferred in
bounty one of them over another, and for that they have expended of their
property. Righteous women are therefore obedient, guarding the secret for God's
guarding. And those you fear may be rebellious admonish; banish them to their
couches, and beat them. If they then obey you, look not for any way against
them; God is All-high, All-great.
And if you fear a breach between the two, bring forth an arbiter from his people
and from her people an arbiter, if they desire to set things right; God will compose
their differences; surely God is All-knowing, All-aware.
40 Serve God, and associate naught with Him.
Be kind to parents, and the near kinsman, and to orphans, and to the needy, and
to the neighbour who is of kin, and to the neighbour who is a stranger, and to the
companion at your side, and to the traveller, and to that your right hands own.
Surely God loves not the proud and boastful such as are niggardly, and bid other
men to be niggardly, and themselves conceal the bounty that God has given
them. We have prepared for the unbelievers a humbling chastisement, and such

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as expend of their substance to show off to men, and believe not in God and the
Last Day. Whosoever has Satan for a comrade, an evil comrade is he.
Why, what would it harm them, if they believed in God and the Last Day, and
expended of that God has provided them?
God knows them.
Surely God shall not wrong so much as the weight of an ant; and if it be a good
deed He will double it, and give from Himself a mighty wage.
45 How then shall it be, when We bring forward from every nation a witness, and
bring thee to witness against those? Upon that day the unbelievers, those who
have disobeyed the Messenger, will wish that the earth might be levelled with
them; and they will not conceal from God one tiding.
O believers, draw not near to prayer when you are drunken until you know what
you are saying, or defiled -- unless you are traversing a way -- until you have
washed yourselves; but if you are sick, or on a journey, or if any of you comes
from the privy, or you have touched women, and you can find no water, then have
recourse to wholesome dust and wipe your faces and your hands; God is Allpardoning, All-forgiving.
Hast thou not regarded those who were given a share of the Book purchasing
error, and desiring that you should also err from the way? God knows well your
enemies; God suffices as a protector, God suffices as a helper.
Some of the Jews pervert words from their meanings saying, 'We have heard and
we disobey' and 'Hear, and be thou not given to hear' and 'Observe us,' twisting
with their tongues and traducing religion.
If they had said, 'We have heard and obey' and 'Hear' and 'Regard us,' it would
have been better for them, and more upright; but God has cursed them for their
unbelief so they believe not except a few.
50 You who have been given the Book, believe in what We have sent down,
confirming what is with you, before We obliterate faces, and turn them upon their
backs, or curse them as We cursed the Sabbath-men, and God's command is
done.

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God forgives not that aught should be with Him associated; less than that He
forgives to whomsoever He will. Whoso associates with God anything, has indeed
forged a mighty sin.
Hast thou not regarded those who purify themselves? Nay; only God purifies
whom He will; and they shall not be wronged a single date-thread. Consider how
they forge falsehood against God; and that suffices for a manifest sin;
Hast thou not regarded those who were given a share of the Book believing in
demons and idols, and saying to the unbelievers, 'These are more rightly guided
on the way than the believers'?
55 Those are they whom God has cursed; he whom God has cursed, thou wilt not
find for him any helper.
Or have they a share in the Kingdom? If that is so, they do not give the people a
single date-spot. Or are they jealous of the people for the bounty that God has
given them? Yet We gave the people of Abraham the Book and the Wisdom, and
We gave them a mighty kingdom.
And some of them there are that believe, and some of them that bar from it;
Gehenna suffices for a Blaze!
Surely those who disbelieve in Our signs -- We shall certainly roast them at a
Fire; as often as their skins are wholly burned, We shall give them in exchange
other skins, that they may taste the chastisement. Surely God is All-mighty, Allwise.
60 And those that believe, and do deeds of righteousness, them We shall admit to
gardens underneath which rivers flow, therein dwelling forever and ever; therein
for them shall be spouses purified, and We shall admit them to a shelter of
plenteous shade.
God commands you to deliver trusts back to their owners; and when you judge
between the people, that you judge with justice. Good is the admonition God
gives you; God is All-hearing, All-seeing.
O believers, obey God, and obey the Messenger and those in authority among
you. If you should quarrel on anything, refer it to God and the Messenger, if you
believe in God and the Last Day; that is better, and fairer in the issue.

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Hast thou not regarded those who assert that they believe in what has been sent
down to thee, and what was sent down before thee, desiring to take their disputes
to idols, yet they have been commanded to disbelieve in them? But Satan desires
to lead them astray into far error.
And when it is said to them, 'Come now to what God has sent down, and the
Messenger,' then thou seest the hypocrites barring the way to thee.
65 How shall it be, when they are visited by an affliction for what their own hands
have forwarded, then they come to thee swearing by God, 'We sought only
kindness and conciliation'? Those -- God knows what is in their hearts; so turn
away from them, and admonish them, and say to them penetrating words about
themselves.
We sent not ever any Messenger, but that he should be obeyed, by the leave of
God. If; when they wronged themselves, they had come to thee, and prayed
forgiveness of God, and the Messenger had prayed forgiveness for them, they
would have found God turns, All-compassionate.
But no, by thy Lord! they will not believe till they make thee the judge regarding
the disagreement between them, then they shall find in themselves no
impediment touching thy verdict, but shall surrender in full submission.
But had We prescribed for them, saying, 'Slay yourselves' or 'Leave your
habitations,' they would not have done it, save a few of them; yet if they had done
as they were admonished it would have been better for them, and stronger
confirming them,
70 and then We surely would have given them from Us a mighty wage, and
guided them on a straight path. Whosoever obeys God, and the Messenger -they are with those whom God has blessed, Prophets, just men, martyrs, the
righteous; good companions they!
That is the bounty from God; God suffices as One who knows.
O believers, take your precautions; then move forward in companies, or move
forward all together.
Some of you there are that are dilatory; then, if an affliction visits you, he says,
'God has blessed me, in that I was not a martyr with them.'

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75 But if a bounty from God visits you, he will surely say, as if there had never
been any affection between you and him, 'Would that I had been with them, to
attain a mighty triumph!'
So let them fight in the way of God who sell the present life for the world to come;
and whosoever fights in the way of God and is slain, or conquers, We shall bring
him a mighty wage.
How is it with you, that you do not fight in the way of God, and for the men,
women, and children who, being abased, say, 'Our Lord, bring us forth from this
city whose people are evildoers, and appoint to us a protector from Thee, and
appoint to us from Thee a helper'?
The believers fight in the way of God, and the unbelievers fight in the idols' way.
Fight you therefore against the friends of Satan; surely the guile of Satan is ever
feeble.
Hast thou not regarded those to whom it was said, 'Restrain your hands, and
perform the prayer, and pay the alms'? Then, as soon as fighting is prescribed for
them, there is a party of them fearing the people as they would fear God, or with a
greater fear, and they say, 'Our Lord, why hast thou prescribed fighting for us?
Why not defer us to a near term?'
Say: 'The enjoyment of this world is little; the world to come is better for him who
fears God; you shall not be wronged a single date-thread.'
80 Wherever you may be, death will overtake you, though you should be in
raised-up towers. And if a good thing visits them, they say, 'This is from God'; but
if an evil thing visits them, they say, 'This is from thee.'
Say: 'Everything is from God.' How is it with this people? They scarcely
understand any tiding.
Whatever good visits thee, it is of God; whatever evil visits thee is of thyself. And
We have sent thee to men a Messenger; God suffices for a witness.
Whosoever obeys the Messenger, thereby obeys God; and whosoever turns his
back -- We have not sent thee to be a watcher over them.
They say, 'Obedience'; but when they sally forth from thee, a party of them
meditate all night on other than what thou sayest. God writes down their

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meditations; so turn away from them, and put thy trust in God; God suffices for a
guardian.
What, do they not ponder the Koran? If it had been from other than God surely
they would have found in it much inconsistency.
85 When there comes to them a matter, be it of security or fear, they broadcast it;
if they had referred it to the Messenger and to those in authority among them,
those of them whose task it is to investigate would have known the matter. And
but for the bounty of God to you, and His mercy, you would surely have followed
Satan, except a few.
So do thou fight in the way of God; thou art charged only with thyself. And urge on
the believers; haply God will restrain the unbelievers' might; God is stronger in
might, more terrible in punishing.
Whoso intercedes with a good intercession shall receive a share of it; whosoever
intercedes with a bad intercession, he shall receive the like of it; God has power
over everything.
And when you are greeted with a greeting greet with a fairer than it, or return it;
surely God keeps a watchful count over everything.
God -- there is no god but He. He will surely gather you to the Resurrection Day,
no doubt of it. And who is truer in tidings than God?
90 How is it with you, that you are two parties touching the hypocrites, and God
has overthrown them for what they earned? What, do you desire to guide him
whom God has led astray? Whom God leads astray, thou wilt not find for him a
way.
They wish that you should disbelieve as they disbelieve, and then you would be
equal; therefore take not to yourselves friends of them, until they emigrate in the
way of God; then, if they turn their backs, take them, and slay them wherever you
find them; take not to yourselves any one of them as friend or helper except those
that betake themselves to a people who are joined with you by a compact, or
come to you with breasts constricted from fighting with you or fighting their
people. Had God willed, He would have given them authority over you, and then
certainly they would have fought you. If they withdraw from you, and do not fight
you, and offer you peace, then God assigns not any way to you against them.

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You will find others desiring to be secure from you, and secure from their people,
yet whenever they are returned to temptation, they are overthrown in it. If they
withdraw not from you, and offer you peace, and restrain their hands, take them,
and slay them wherever you come on them; against them We have given you a
clear authority.
It belongs not to a believer to slay a believer, except it be by error. If any slays a
believer by error, then let him set free a believing slave, and bloodwit is to be paid
to his family unless they forgo it as a freewill offering. If he belong to a people at
enmity with you and is a believer, let the slayer set free a believing slave. If he
belong to a people joined with you by a compact, then bloodwit is to be paid to his
family and the slayer shall set free a believing slave. But if he finds not the
means, let him fast two successive months -- God's turning; God is All-knowing,
All-wise.
95 And whoso slays a believer wilfully, his recompense is Gehenna, therein
dwelling forever, and God will be wroth with him and will curse him, and prepare
for him a mighty chastisement.
O believers, when you are journeying in the path of God, be discriminating, and
do not say to him who offers you a greeting, 'Thou art not a believer,' seeking the
chance goods of the present life. With God are spoils abundant. So you were
aforetime; but God has been gracious to you.
So be discriminating; surely God is aware of the things you do.
Such believers as sit at home -- unless they have an injury -- are not the equals of
those who struggle in the path of God with their possessions and their selves.
God has preferred in rank those who struggle with their possessions and their
selves over the ones who sit at home; yet to each God has promised the reward
most fair; and God has preferred those who struggle over the ones who sit at
home for the bounty of a mighty wage, in ranks standing before Him, forgiveness
and mercy; surely God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
And those the angels take, while still they are wronging themselves -- the angels
will say, 'In what circumstances were you?' They will say, 'We were abased in the
earth.' The angels will say, 'But was not God's earth wide, so that you might have
emigrated in it?' Such men, their refuge shall be Gehenna -- an evil homecoming!
-100 except the men, women, and children who, being abased, can devise nothing
and are not guided to a way; haply them God will yet pardon, for God is All-

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pardoning, All-forgiving. Whoso emigrates in the way of God will find in the earth
many refuges and plenty; whoso goes forth from his house an emigrant to God
and His Messenger, and then death overtakes him, his wage shall have fallen on
God; surely God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
And when you are journeying in the land there is no fault in you that you shorten
the prayer, if you fear the unbelievers may afflict you; the unbelievers are for you
a manifest foe.
When thou art amongst them, and performest for them the prayer, let a party of
them stand with thee, and let them take their weapons. When they bow
themselves, let them be behind you; and let another party who have not prayed
come and pray with thee, taking their precautions and their weapons. The
unbelievers wish that you should be heedless of your weapons and your
baggage, then they would wheel on you all at once. There is no fault in you, if rain
molests you, or you are sick, to lay aside your weapons; but take your
precautions. God has prepared for the unbelievers a humbling chastisement.
When you have performed the prayer, remember God, standing and sitting and
on your sides. Then, when you are secure, perform the prayer; surely the prayer
is a timed prescription for the believers.
105 Faint not in seeking the heathen; if you are suffering, they are also suffering
as you are suffering, and you are hoping from God for that for which they cannot
hope; God is All-knowing, All-wise.
Surely We have sent down to thee the Book with the truth, so that thou mayest
judge between the people by that God has shown thee. So be not an advocate for
the traitors; and pray forgiveness of God; surely God is All-forgiving, Allcompassionate. And do not dispute on behalf of those who betray themselves;
surely God loves not the guilty traitor.
They hide themselves from men, but hide not themselves from God; for He is with
them while they meditate at night discourse unpleasing to Him; God
encompasses the things they do.
Ha, there you are; you have disputed on their behalf in the present life; but who
will dispute with God on their behalf on the Resurrection Day, or who will be a
guardian for them?

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110 Whosoever does evil, or wrongs himself; and then prays God's forgiveness,
he shall find God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate. And whosoever earns a sin,
earns it against himself only; and God is ever All-knowing, All-wise.
And whosoever earns a fault or a sin and then casts it upon the innocent, thereby
has laid upon himself calumny and manifest sin.
But for God's bounty to thee and His mercy a party of them purposed to lead thee
astray; but they lead only themselves astray; they do not hurt thee in anything.
God has sent down on thee the Book and the Wisdom, and He has taught thee
that thou knewest not; God's' bounty to thee is ever great.
No good is there in much of their conspiring, except for him who bids to freewill
offering, or honour, or setting things right between the people. Whoso does that,
seeking God's good pleasure, We shall surely give him a mighty wage.
115 But whoso makes a breach with the Messenger after the guidance has
become clear to him and follows a way other than the believers', him We shall
turn over to what he has turned to and We shall roast him in Gehenna -- an evil
homecoming!
God forgives not that aught should be with Him associated; less than that He
forgives to whomsoever He will. Whoso associates with God anything, has gone
astray into far error.
In stead of Him, they pray not except to female beings; they pray not except to a
rebel Satan accursed by God. He said, 'Assuredly I will take unto myself a portion
appointed of Thy servants, and I will lead them astray, and fill them with fancies
and I will command them and they will cut off the cattle's ears; I will command
them and they will alter God's creation.' Whoso takes Satan to him for a friend,
instead of God, has surely suffered a manifest loss.
He promises them and fills them with fancies, but there is nothing Satan promises
them except delusion.
120 Such men -- their refuge shall be Gehenna, and they shall find no asylum
from it. But those that believe, and do deeds of righteousness, them We shall
admit to gardens underneath which rivers flow, therein dwelling for ever and ever;
God's promise in truth; and who is truer in speech than God? It is not your
fancies, nor the fancies of the People of the Book. Whosoever does evil shall be
recompensed for it, and will not find for him, apart from God, a friend or helper.

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And whosoever does deeds of righteousness, be it male or female, believing -they shall enter Paradise, and not be wronged a single date-spot.
And who is there that has a fairer religion than he who submits his will to God
being a good-doer, and who follows the creed of Abraham, a man of pure faith?
And God took Abraham for a friend.
125 To God belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth, and God
encompasses everything.
They will ask thee for a pronouncement concerning women. Say: 'God
pronounces to you concerning them, and what is recited to you in the Book
concerning the orphan women to whom you give not what is prescribed for them,
and yet desire to marry them, and the oppressed children, and that you secure
justice for orphans. Whatever good you do, God knows of it.'
If a woman fear rebelliousness or aversion in her husband, there is no fault in
them if the couple set things right between them; right settlement is better; and
souls are very prone to avarice. If you do good and are godfearing, surely God is
aware of the things you do. You will not be able to be equitable between your
wives, be you ever so eager; yet do not be altogether partial so that you leave her
as it were suspended. If you set things right, and are godfearing, God is Allforgiving, All-compassionate. But if they separate, God will enrich each of them of
His plenty; God is All-embracing, All-wise.
130 To God belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth. We have charged
those who were given the Book before you, and you, 'Fear God.' If you disbelieve,
to God belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth; God is All-sufficient, Alllaudable.
To God belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth; God suffices for a
guardian.
If He will, He can put you away, O men, and bring others; surely God is powerful
over that. Whoso desires the reward of this world, with God is the reward of this
world and of the world to come; God is All-hearing, All-seeing.
O believers, be you securers of justice, witnesses for God, even though it be
against yourselves, or your parents and kinsmen, whether the man be rich or
poor; God stands closest to either. Then follow not caprice, so as to swerve; for if
you twist or turn, God is aware of the things you do.

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135 O believers, believe in God and His Messenger and the Book He has sent
down on His Messenger and the Book which He sent down before. Whoso
disbelieves in God and His angels and His Books, and His Messengers, and the
Last Day, has surely gone astray into far error.
Those who believe, and then disbelieve, and then believe, and then disbelieve,
and then increase in unbelief -- God is not likely to forgive them, neither to guide
them on any way.
Give thou good tidings to the hypocrites that for them awaits a painful
chastisement. Those who take unbelievers for their friends instead of believers -do they seek glory in them? But glory altogether belongs to God.
He has sent down upon you in the Book: 'When you hear God's signs being
disbelieved and made mock of, do not sit with them until they plunge into some
other talk, or else you will surely be like to them.' God will gather the hypocrites
and the unbelievers all in Gehenna.
140 Those who wait upon you and, if a victory comes to you from God, say, 'Were
we not with you?' but if the unbelievers get a share, they say, 'Did we not gain the
mastery over you, and did we not defend you from the believers?' God will judge
between you on the Resurrection Day, and God will not grant the unbelievers any
way over the believers.
The hypocrites seek to trick God, but God is tricking them. When they stand up to
pray they stand up lazily, showing off to the people and not remembering God
save a little; wavering all the time -- not to these, not to those; and whom God
leads astray, thou wilt not find for him a way.
O believers, take not the unbelievers as friends instead of the believers; or do you
desire to give God over you a clear authority?
Surely the hypocrites will be in the lowest reach of the Fire; thou wilt not find for
them any helper;
145 save such as repent, and make amends, and hold fast to God, and make
their religion sincerely God's; those are with the believers, and God will certainly
give the believers a mighty wage.
What would God do with chastising you if you are thankful, and believe? God is
All-thankful, All-knowing.

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God likes not the shouting of evil words unless a man has been wronged; God is
All-hearing, All-knowing.
If you do good openly or in secret or pardon an evil, surely God is All-pardoning,
All-powerful.
Those who disbelieve in God and His Messengers and desire to make division
between God and His Messengers, and say, 'We believe in part, and disbelieve in
part,' desiring to take between this and that a way -150 those in truth are the unbelievers; and We have prepared for the unbelievers
a humbling chastisement.
And those who believe in God and His Messengers and make no division
between any of them, those -- We shall surely give them their wages; God is Allforgiving, All-compassionate.
The People of the Book will ask thee to bring down upon them a Book from
heaven; and they asked Moses for greater than that, for they said, 'Show us God
openly.' And the thunderbolt took them for their evildoing. Then they took to
themselves the Calf, after the clear signs had come to them; yet We pardoned
them that, and We bestowed upon Moses a clear authority.
And We raised above them the Mount, taking compact with them; and We said to
them, 'Enter in at the gate, prostrating'; and We said to them, 'Transgress not the
Sabbath'; and We took from them a solemn compact.
So, for their breaking the compact, and disbelieving in the signs of God, and
slaying the Prophets without right, and for their saying, 'Our hearts are
uncircumcised' -- nay, but God sealed them for their unbelief, so they believe not,
except a few -155 and for their unbelief, and their uttering against Mary a mighty calumny, and
for their saying, 'We slew the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, the Messenger of God'
-- yet they did not slay him, neither crucified him, only a likeness of that was
shown to them. Those who are at variance concerning him surely are in doubt
regarding him; they have no knowledge of him, except the following of surmise;
and they slew him not of a certainty -- no indeed; God raised him up to Him; God
is All-mighty, All-wise.
There is not one of the People of the Book but will assuredly believe in him before
his death, and on the Resurrection Day he will be a witness against them.

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And for the evildoing of those of Jewry, We have forbidden them certain good
things that were permitted to them, and for their barring from God's way many,
and for their taking usury, that they were prohibited, and consuming the wealth of
the people in vanity; and We have prepared for the unbelievers among them a
painful chastisement.
160 But those of them that are firmly rooted in knowledge, and the believers
believing in what has been sent down to thee, and what was sent down before
thee, that perform the prayer and pay the alms, and those who believe in God
and the Last Day -- them We shall surely give a mighty wage.
We have revealed to thee as We revealed to Noah, and the Prophets after him,
and We revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, Jesus and
Job, Jonah and Aaron and Solomon, and We gave to David Psalms, and
Messengers We have already told thee of before, and Messengers We have not
told thee of; and unto Moses God spoke directly -- Messengers bearing good
tidings, and warning, so that mankind might have no argument against God, after
the Messengers; God is All-mighty, All-wise.
But God bears witness to that He has sent down to thee; He has sent it down with
His knowledge; and the angels also bear witness; and God suffices for a witness.
165 Surely those who disbelieve, and bar from the way of God, have gone astray
into far error.
Surely the unbelievers, who have done evil, God would not forgive them, neither
guide them on any road but the road to Gehenna, therein dwelling forever and
ever; and that for God is an easy matter.
O men, the Messenger has now come to you with the truth from your Lord; so
believe; better is it for you. And if you disbelieve, to God belongs all that is in the
heavens and in the earth; and God is All-knowing, All-wise.
People of the Book, go not beyond the bounds in your religion, and say not as to
God but the truth. The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only the Messenger of
God, and His Word that He committed to Mary, and a Spirit from Him. So believe
in God and His Messengers, and say not, 'Three.' Refrain; better is it for you. God
is only One God. Glory be to Him -- That He should have a son!
To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth; God suffices for a
guardian.

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170 The Messiah will not disdain to be a servant of God, neither the angels who
are near stationed to Him.
Whosoever disdains to serve Him, and waxes proud, He will assuredly muster
them to Him, all of them.
As for the believers, who do deeds of righteousness, He will pay them in full their
wages, and He will give them more, of His bounty; and as for them who disdain,
and wax proud, them He will chastise with a painful chastisement, and they shall
not find for them, apart from God, a friend or helper.
O men, a proof has now come to you from your Lord; We have sent down to you
a manifest light. As for those who believe in God, and hold fast to Him, He will
surely admit them to mercy from Him, and bounty, and will guide them to Him on
a straight path.
175 They will ask thee for a pronouncement. Say: 'God pronounces to you
concerning the indirect heirs. If a man perishes having no children, but he has a
sister, she shall receive a half of what he leaves, and he is her heir if she has no
children.
If there be two sisters, they shall receive two-thirds of what he leaves; if there be
brothers and sisters, the male shall receive the portion of two females. God
makes clear to you, lest you go astray; God has knowledge of everything.
V

THE TABLE

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate.


O believers, fulfil your bonds.
Permitted to you is the beast of the flocks, except that which is now recited to
you, so that you deem not game permitted to be hunted when you are in pilgrim
sanctity. God decrees whatsoever He desires.
O believers, profane not God's waymarks nor the holy month, neither the offering,
nor the necklaces, nor those repairing to the Holy House seeking from their Lord
bounty and good pleasure. But when you have quit your pilgrim sanctity, then
hunt for game.

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Let not detestation for a people who barred you from the Holy Mosque move you
to commit aggression. Help one another to piety and godfearing; do not help each
other to sin and enmity. And fear God; surely God is terrible in retribution.
Forbidden to you are carrion, blood, the flesh of swine, what has been hallowed
to other than God, the beast strangled; the beast beaten down, the beast fallen to
death, the beast gored, and that devoured by beasts of prey -- excepting that you
have sacrificed duly -- as also things sacrificed to idols, and partition by the
divining arrows; that is ungodliness.
Today the unbelievers have despaired of your religion; therefore fear them not,
but fear you Me.
5:5 Today I have perfected your religion for you, and I have completed My
blessing upon you, and I have approved Islam for your religion.
But whosoever is constrained in emptiness and not inclining purposely to sin -God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
They will question thee what is permitted them. Say: 'The good things are
permitted you; and such hunting creatures as you teach, training them as hounds,
and teaching them as God has taught you -- eat what they seize for you, and
mention God's Name over it. Fear God; God is swift at the reckoning.'
Today the good things are permitted you, and the food of those who were given
the Book is permitted to you, and permitted to them is your food; Likewise
believing women in wedlock, and in wedlock women of them who were given the
Book before you if you give them their wages, in wedlock and not in licence, or as
taking lovers. Whoso disbelieves in the faith, his work has failed, and in the world
to come he shall be among the losers.
O believers, when you stand up to pray wash your faces, and your hands up to
the elbows, and wipe your heads, and your feet up to the ankles. If you are
defiled, purify yourselves; but if you are sick or on a journey, or if any of you
comes from the privy, or you have touched women, and you can find no water,
then have recourse to wholesome dust and wipe your faces and your hands with
it. God does not desire to make any impediment for you; but He desires to purify
you, and that He may complete His blessing upon you; haply you will be thankful.
5:10 And remember God's blessing upon you, and His compact which He made
with you when you said, 'We have heard and we obey. And fear you God; surely
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O believers, be you securers of justice, witnesses for God. Let not detestation for
a people move you not to be equitable; be equitable -- that is nearer to
godfearing. And fear God; surely God is aware of the things you do.
God has promised those that believe, and do deeds of righteousness; they shall
have; forgiveness and a mighty wage.
And the unbelievers, who cried lies to Our signs -- they shall be the inhabitants of
Hell.
O believers, remember God's blessing upon you, when a certain people purposed
to stretch against you their hands, and He restrained their hands from you; and
fear God; and in God let the believers put all their trust.
5:15 God took compact with the Children of Israel; and We raised up from among
them twelve chieftains. And God said, 'I am with you. Surely, if you perform the
prayer, and pay the alms, and believe in My Messengers and succour them, and
lend to God a good loan, I will acquit you of your evil deeds, and I will admit you
to gardens underneath which rivers flow. So whosoever of you thereafter
disbelieves, surely he has gone astray from the right way.
So for their breaking their compact We cursed them and made their hearts hard,
they perverting words from their meanings; and they have forgotten a portion of
that they were reminded of; and thou wilt never cease to light upon some act of
treachery on their part, except a few of them.
Yet pardon them, and forgive; surely God loves the good-doers. And with those
who say 'We are Christians' We took compact; and they have forgotten a portion
of that they were reminded of. So We have stirred up among them enmity and
hatred, till the Day of Resurrection; and God will assuredly tell them of the things
they wrought.
People of the Book, now there has come to you Our Messenger, making clear to
you many things you have been concealing of the Book, and effacing many
things. There has come to you from God a light, and a Book Manifest whereby
God guides whosoever follows His good pleasure in the ways of peace, and
brings them forth from the shadows into the light by His leave; and He guides
them to a straight path. They are unbelievers who say, 'God is the Messiah,
Mary's son.' Say: 'Who then shall overrule God in any way if He desires to
destroy the Messiah, Mary's son, and his mother, and all those who are on earth?'

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5;20 For to God belongs the kingdom of the heavens and of the earth, and all that
is between them, creating what He will. God is powerful over everything.
Say the Jews and Christians, 'We are the sons of God, and His beloved ones.'
Say: 'Why then does He chastise you for your sins? No; you are mortals, of His
creating; He forgives whom He will, and He chastises whom He will.'
For to God belongs the kingdom of the heavens and of the earth, and all that is
between them; to Him is the homecoming.
People of the Book, now there has come to you Our Messenger, making things
clear to you, upon an interval between the Messengers lest you should say,
'There has not come to us any bearer of good tidings, neither any warner. Indeed,
there has come to you a bearer of good tidings and a warner; God is powerful
over everything.
And when Moses said to his people, 'O my people, remember God's blessing
upon you, when He appointed among you Prophets, and appointed you kings,
and gave you such as He had not given to any being.
O my people, enter the Holy Land which God has prescribed for you, and turn not
back in your traces, to turn about losers.'
5:25 They said, 'Moses, there are people in it very arrogant; we will not enter it
until they depart from it; if they depart from it then we will enter.'
Said two men of those that feared God whom God had blessed, 'Enter against
them the gate! When you enter it, you will be victors. Put you all your trust in God,
if you are believers.' They said, 'Moses, we will never enter it so long as they are
in it. Go forth, thou and thy Lord, and do battle; we will be sitting here.'
He said, 'O my Lord, I rule no one except myself and my brother. So do Thou
divide between us and the people of the ungodly.'
Said He, 'Then it shall be forbidden them for forty years, while they are wandering
in the earth; so grieve not for the people of the ungodly.'
5:30 And recite thou to them the story of the two sons of Adam truthfully, when
they offered a sacrifice, and it was accepted of one of them, and not accepted of
the other. 'I will surely slay thee,' said one. 'God accepts only of the godfearing,'
said the other.

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'Yet if thou stretchest out thy hand against me, to slay me, I will not stretch out my
hand against thee, to slay thee; I fear God, the Lord of all Being.
I desire that thou shouldest be laden with my sin and thy sin, and so become an
inhabitant of the Fire; that is the recompense of the evildoers.'
Then his soul prompted him to slay his brother, and he slew him, and became
one of the losers. Then God sent forth a raven, scratching into the earth, to show
him how he might conceal the vile body of his brother. He said, 'Woe is me! Am I
unable to be as this raven, and so conceal my brother's vile body?' And he
became one of the remorseful.
5:35 Therefore We prescribed for the Children of Israel that whoso slays a soul
not to retaliate for a soul slain, nor for corruption done in the land, shall be as if he
had slain mankind altogether; and whoso gives life to a soul, shall be as if he had
given life to mankind altogether. Our Messengers have already come to them with
the clear signs; then many of them thereafter commit excesses in the earth.
This is the recompense of those who fight against God and His Messenger, and
hasten about the earth, to do corruption there: they shall be slaughtered, or
crucified, or their hands and feet shall alternately be struck off; or they shall be
banished from the land. That is a degradation for them in this world; and in the
world to come awaits them a mighty chastisement, except for such as repent,
before you have power over them. So know you that God is All-forgiving, Allcompassionate.
O believers, fear God, and seek the means to come to Him, and struggle in His
way; haply you will prosper.
5:40 The unbelievers, though they possessed all that is in the earth, and the like
of it with it, to ransom themselves from the chastisement of the Day of
Resurrection thereby, it would not be accepted of them; for them awaits a painful
chastisement.
They will desire to come forth from the Fire, but they will not come forth from it; for
them awaits a lasting chastisement.
And the thief, male and female: cut off the hands of both, as a recompense for
what they have earned, and a punishment exemplary from God; God is Allmighty, All-wise. But whoso repents, after his evildoing, and makes amends, God
will turn towards him; God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate. Knowest thou not

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that to God belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth? He chastises
whom He will, and forgives whom He will; and God is powerful over everything.
5:45 O Messenger, let them not grieve thee that vie with one another in unbelief,
such men as say with their mouths 'We believe' but their hearts believe not; and
the Jews who listen to falsehood, listen to other folk, who have not come to thee,
perverting words from their meanings, saying, 'If you are given this, then take it; if
you are not given it, beware!'
Whomsoever God desires to try, thou canst not avail him anything with God.
Those are they whose hearts God desired not to purify; for them is degradation in
this world; and in the world to come awaits them a mighty chastisement; who
listen to falsehood, and consume the unlawful. If they come to thee, judge thou
between them, or turn away from them; if thou turnest away from them, they will
hurt thee nothing; and if thou judgest, judge justly between them; God loves the
just.
Yet how will they make thee their judge seeing they have the Torah, wherein is
God's judgment, then thereafter turn their backs? They are not believers.
Surely We sent down the Torah, wherein is guidance and light; thereby the
Prophets who had surrendered themselves gave judgment for those of Jewry, as
did the masters and the rabbis, following such portion of God's Book as they were
given to keep and were witnesses to. So fear not men, but fear you Me; and sell
not My signs for a little price. Whoso judges not according to what God has sent
down -- they are the unbelievers.
And therein We prescribed for them: 'A life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for
a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and for wounds retaliation'; but
whosoever forgoes it as a freewill offering, that shall be for him an expiation.
Whoso judges not according to what God has sent down -- they are the evildoers.
5:50 And We sent, following in their footsteps, Jesus son of Mary, confirming the
Torah before him and We gave to him the Gospel, wherein is guidance and light,
and confirming the Torah before it, as a guidance and an admonition unto the
godfearing.
So let the People of the Gospel judge according to what God has sent down
therein. Whosoever judges not according to what God has sent down -- they are
the ungodly.

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And We have sent down to thee the Book with the truth, confirming the Book that
was before it, and assuring it.
So judge between them according to what God has sent down, and do not follow
their caprices, to forsake the truth that has come to thee. To every one of you We
have appointed a right way and an open road.
If God had willed, He would have made you one nation; but that He may try you in
what has come to you. So be you forward in good works; unto God shall you
return, all together; and He will tell you of that whereon you were at variance. And
judge between them according to what God has sent down, and do not follow
their caprices, and beware of them lest they tempt thee away from any of what
God has sent down to thee. But if they turn their backs, know that God desires
only to smite them for some sin they have committed; surely, many men are
ungodly.
5:55 Is it the judgment of pagandom then that they are seeking? Yet who is fairer
in judgment than God, for a people having sure faith?
O believers, take not Jews and Christians as friends; they are friends of each
other. Whoso of you makes them his friends is one of them. God guides not the
people of the evildoers.
Yet thou seest those in whose hearts is sickness vying with one another to come
to them, saying, 'We fear lest a turn of fortune should smite us.' But it may be that
God will bring the victory, or some commandment from Him, and then they will
find themselves, for that they kept secret within them, remorseful, and the
believers will say, 'What, are these the ones who swore by God most earnest
oaths that they were with you? Their works have failed now they are losers.'
O believers, whosoever of you turns from his religion, God will assuredly bring a
people He loves, and who love Him, humble towards the believers, disdainful
towards the unbelievers, men who struggle in the path of God, not fearing the
reproach of any reproacher. That is God's bounty; He gives it unto whom He will;
and God is All-embracing, All-knowing.
5:60 Your friend is only God, and His Messenger, and the believers who perform
the prayer and pay the alms, and bow them down. Whoso makes God his friend,
and His Messenger, and the believers -- the party of God, they are the victors.
O believers, take not as your friends those of them, who were given the Book
before you, and the unbelievers, who take your religion in mockery and as a sport

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-- and fear God, if you are believers -- and when you call to prayer, take it in
mockery and as a sport; that is because they are a people who have no
understanding.
Say: 'People of the Book, do you blame us for any other cause than that we
believe in God, and what has been sent down to us, and what was sent down
before, and that most of you are ungodly?'
5:65 Say: 'Shall I tell you of a recompense with God, worse than that?
Whomsoever God has cursed, and with whom He is wroth, and made some of
them apes and swine, and worshippers of idols -- they are worse situated, and
have gone further astray from the right way.
When they come to you, they say, 'We believe'; but they have entered in unbelief,
and so they have departed in it; God knows very well what they were hiding. Thou
seest many of them vying in sin and enmity, and how they consume the unlawful;
evil is the thing they have been doing. Why do the masters and the rabbis not
forbid them to utter sin, and consume the unlawful? Evil is the thing they have
been working.
The Jews have said, 'God's hand is fettered.' Fettered are their hands, and they
are cursed for what they have said. Nay, but His hands are outspread; He
expends how He will. And what has been sent down to thee from thy Lord will
surely increase many of them in insolence and unbelief; and We have cast
between them enmity and hatred, till the Day of Resurrection. As often as they
light a fire for war, God will extinguish it. They hasten about the earth, to do
corruption there; and God loves not the workers of corruption.
5:70 But had the People of the Book believed and been godfearing, We would
have acquitted them of their evil deeds, and admitted them to Gardens of Bliss.
Had they performed the Torah and the Gospel, and what was sent down to them
from their Lord, they would have eaten both what was above them, and what was
beneath their feet. Some of them are a just nation; but many of them -- evil are
the things they do.
O Messenger, deliver that which has been sent down to thee from thy Lord; for if
thou dost not, thou wilt not have delivered His Message. God will protect thee
from men. God guides not the people of the unbelievers.
Say: 'People of the Book, you do not stand on anything, until you perform the
Torah and the Gospel, and what was sent down to you from your Lord.' And what

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has been sent down to thee from thy Lord will surely increase many of them in
insolence and unbelief; so grieve not for the people of the unbelievers.
Surely they that believe, and those of Jewry, and the Sabaeans, and those
Christians, whosoever believes in God and the Last Day, and works
righteousness -- no fear shall be on them, neither shall they sorrow.
And We took compact with the Children of Israel, and We sent Messengers to
them. Whensoever there came to them a Messenger with that their souls had not
desire for, some they cried lies to, and some they slew.
5:75 And they supposed there should be no trial; but blind they were, and deaf.
Then God turned towards them; then again blind they were, many of them, and
deaf; and God sees the things they do.
They are unbelievers who say, 'God is the Messiah, Mary's son.' For the Messiah
said, 'Children of Israel, serve God, my Lord and your Lord. Verily whoso
associates with God anything, God shall prohibit him entrance to Paradise, and
his refuge shall be the Fire; and wrongdoers shall have no helpers.'
They are unbelievers who say, 'God is the Third of Three. No god is there but
One God. If they refrain not from what they say, there shall afflict those of them
that disbelieve a painful chastisement.
Will they not turn to God and pray His forgiveness? God is All-forgiving, Allcompassionate.
The Messiah, son of Mary, was only a Messenger; Messengers before him
passed away; his mother was a just woman; they both ate food. Behold, how We
make clear the signs to them; then behold, how they perverted are!
5:80 Say: 'Do you serve, apart from God, that which cannot hurt or profit you?
God is the All-hearing, the All-knowing.' Say: 'People of the Book, go not beyond
the bounds in your religion, other than the truth, and follow not the caprices of a
people who went astray before, and led astray many, and now again have gone
astray from the right way.' Cursed were the unbelievers of the Children of Israel
by the tongue of David, and Jesus, Mary's son; that, for their rebelling and their
transgression.
They forbade not one another any dishonour that they committed; surely evil were
the things they did.

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Thou seest many of them making unbelievers their friends. Evil is that they have
forwarded to their account, that God is angered against them, and in the
chastisement they shall dwell forever.
Yet had they believed in God and the Prophet and what has been sent down to
him, they would not have taken them as friends; but many of them are ungodly.
5:85 Thou wilt surely find the most hostile of men to the believers are the Jews
and the idolaters; and thou wilt surely find the nearest of them in love to the
believers are those who say 'We are Christians'; that, because some of them are
priests and monks, and they wax not proud; and when they hear what has been
sent down to the Messenger, thou seest their eyes overflow with tears because of
the truth they recognize. They say, 'Our Lord, we believe; so do Thou write us
down among the witnesses.
Why should we not believe in God and the truth that has come to us, and be
eager that our Lord should admit us with the righteous people?'
And God rewards them for what they say with gardens underneath which rivers
flow, therein dwelling forever; that is the recompense of the good-doers. But those
who disbelieve, and cry lies to Our signs -- they are the inhabitants of Hell.
O believers, forbid not such good things as God has permitted you; and
transgress not; God loves not transgressors.
5:90 Eat of what God has provided you lawful and good; and fear God, in whom
you are believers.
God will not take you to task for a slip in your oaths; but He will take you to task
for such bonds as you have made by oaths, whereof the expiation is to feed ten
poor persons with the average of the food you serve to your families, or to clothe
them, or to set free a slave; or if any finds not the means, let him fast for three
days. That is the expiation of your oaths when you have sworn; but keep your
oaths. So God makes clear to you His signs; haply you will be thankful.
O believers, wine and arrow-shuffling, idols and divining-arrows are an
abomination, some of Satan's work; so avoid it; haply
So you will prosper. Satan only desires to precipitate enmity and hatred between
you in regard to wine and arrow-shuffling, and to bar you from the remembrance
of God, and from prayer. Will you then desist? And obey God and obey the

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Messenger, and beware; but if you turn your backs, then know that it is only for
Our Messenger to deliver the Message Manifest.
There is no fault in those who believe and do deeds of righteousness what they
may eat, if they are godfearing, and believe, and do deeds of righteousness, and
then are godfearing and believe, and then are godfearing and do good; God loves
the good-doers.
5:95 O believers, God will surely try you with something of the game that your
hands and lances attain, that God may know who fears Him in the Unseen.
Whoso thereafter commits transgression, there awaits him a painful
chastisement.
O believers, slay not the game while you are in pilgrim sanctity; whosoever of you
slays it wilfully, there shall be recompense -- the like of what he has slain, in
flocks as shall be judged by two men of equity among you, an offering to reach
the Kaaba; or expiation -- food for poor persons or the equivalent of that in
fasting, so that he may taste the mischief of his action. God has pardoned what is
past; but whoever offends again, God will take vengeance on him, God is Allmighty, Vengeful. Permitted to you is the game of the sea and the food of it, as a
provision for you and for the journeyers; but forbidden to you is the game of the
land, so long as you remain in pilgrim sanctity; and fear God, unto whom you
shall be mustered.
God has appointed the Kaaba, the Holy House, as an establishment for men, and
the holy month; the offering, and the necklaces -- that, that you may know that
God knows all that is in the heavens and in the earth; and that God has
knowledge of everything.
Know God is terrible in retribution, and God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
It is only for the Messenger to deliver the Message; and God knows what you
reveal and what you hide.
5:100 Say: 'The corrupt and the good are not equal, though the abundance of the
corrupt please thee.' So fear God, O men possessed of minds; haply so you will
prosper.
O believers, question not concerning things which, if they were revealed to you,
would vex you; yet if you question concerning them when the Koran is being sent
down, they will be revealed to you. God has effaced those things; for God is Allforgiving, All-clement.

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A people before you questioned concerning them, then disbelieved in them.


God has not appointed cattle dedicated to idols, such as Bahira, Sa'iba, Wasila,
Hami; but the unbelievers forge against God falsehood, and most of them have
no understanding.
And when it is said to them, 'Come now to what God has sent down, and the
Messenger, they say, 'Enough for us is what we found our fathers doing.'
What, even if their fathers had knowledge of naught and were not guided? O
believers, look after your own souls. He who is astray cannot hurt you, if you are
rightly guided. Unto God shall you return, all together, and He will tell you what
you were doing.
5:105 O believers, the testimony between you when any of you is visited by
death, at the bequeathing, shall be two men of equity among you; or two others
from another folk, if you are journeying in the land and the affliction of death
befalls you. Them you shall detain after the prayer, and they shall swear by God,
if you are doubtful, 'We will not sell it for a price, even though it were a near
kinsman, nor will we hide the testimony of God, for then we would surely be
among the sinful'
But if it be discovered that both of them have merited the accusation of any sin,
then two others shall stand in their place, these being the nearest of those most
concerned, and they shall swear by God, 'Our testimony is truer than their
testimony, and we have not transgressed, for then we would assuredly be among
the evildoers.'
So it is likelier that they will bear testimony in proper form, or else they will be
afraid that after their oaths, oaths may be rebutted. Fear God, and hearken; God
guides not the people of the ungodly.
The day when God shall gather the Messengers, and say, 'What answer were you
given?' They shall say, 'We have no knowledge; Thou art the Knower of the things
unseen.
When God said, 'Jesus Son of Mary, remember My blessing upon thee and upon
thy mother, when I confirmed thee with the Holy Spirit, to speak to men in the
cradle, and of age;
5:110 and when I taught thee the Book, the Wisdom, the Torah, the Gospel; and
when thou createst out of clay, by My leave, as the likeness of a bird, and thou

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breathest into it, and it is a bird, by My leave; and thou healest the blind and the
leper by My leave, and thou bringest the dead forth by My leave; and when
restrained from thee the Children of Israel when thou camest unto them with the
clear signs, and the unbelievers among them said, "This is nothing but sorcery
manifest." And when I inspired the Apostles:
"Believe in Me and My Messenger"; they said, "We believe; witness Thou our
submission."' And when the Apostles said, 'O Jesus son of Mary, is thy Lord able
to send down on us a Table out of heaven?' He said, 'Fear you God, if you are
believers. They said, 'We desire that we should eat of it and our hearts be at rest;
and that we may know that thou hast spoken true to us, and that we may be
among its witnesses.' Said Jesus son of Mary, 'O God, our Lord, send down upon
us a Table out of heaven, that shall be for us a festival, the first and last of us, and
a sign from Thee. And provide for us; Thou art the best of providers.'
5:115 God said, 'Verily I do send it down on you; whoso of you hereafter
disbelieves, verily I shall chastise him with a chastisement wherewith I chastise
no other being.' And when God said, 'O Jesus son of Mary, didst thou say unto
men, "Take me and my mother as gods, apart from God"?' He said, 'To Thee be
glory! It is not mine to say what I have no right to. If I indeed said it, Thou knowest
it, knowing what is within my soul, and I know not what is within Thy soul; Thou
knowest the things unseen I only said to them what Thou didst command me:
"Serve God, my Lord and your Lord." And I was a witness over them, while I
remained among them; but when Thou didst take me to Thyself, Thou wast
Thyself the watcher over them; Thou Thyself art witness of everything. If Thou
chastisest them, they are Thy servants; if Thou forgivest them, Thou art the Allmighty, the All-wise.' God said, 'This is the day the truthful shall be profited by
their truthfulness. For them await gardens underneath which rivers flow, therein
dwelling forever and ever; God being well-pleased with them and they wellpleased with Him; that is the mighty triumph.'
To God belongs the kingdom of the heavens and of the earth, and all that is in
them, and He is powerful over everything.
VI

CATTLE

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate

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6:1 Praise belongs to God who created the heavens and the earth and appointed
the shadows and light; then the unbelievers ascribe equals to their Lord. It is He
who created you of clay, then determined a term and a term is stated with Him;
yet thereafter you doubt.
He is God in the heavens and the earth; He knows your secrets, and what you
publish, and He knows what you are earning.
Not a sign of their Lord comes to them, but they turn away from it.
6:5 They cried lies to the truth when it came to them, but there shall come to them
news of that they were mocking. Have they not regarded how We destroyed
before them many a generation We established in the earth, as We never
established you, and how We loosed heaven upon them in torrents, and made
the rivers to flow beneath them? Then We destroyed them because of their sins,
and raised up after them another generation; Had We sent down on thee a Book
on parchment and so they touched it with their hands, yet the unbelievers would
have said, 'This is naught but manifest sorcery.'
'Why has an angel not been sent down on him?' they say; yet had We sent down
an angel, the matter would have been determined, and then no respite would be
given them. And had We made him an angel, yet assuredly We would have made
him a man, and confused for them the thing which they themselves are confusing.
6:10 Messengers indeed were mocked at before thee; but those that scoffed at
them were encompassed by that they mocked at. Say: 'Journey in the land, then
behold how was the end of them that cried lies.'
Say: 'To whom belongs what is in the heavens and in the earth?' Say: 'It is God's.
He has prescribed for Himself mercy. He will surely gather you to the
Resurrection Day, of which is no doubt. Those who have lost their souls, they do
not believe. And to Him belongs whatsoever inhabits the night and the day; and
He is the All-hearing, the All-knowing.'
Say: 'Shall I take to myself as protector other than God, the Originator of the
heavens and of the earth, He. who feeds and is not fed?' Say: 'I have been
commanded to be the first of them that surrender: "Be not thou of the idolaters."'
6:15 Say: 'Indeed I fear, if I should rebel against my Lord, the chastisement of a
dreadful day.'

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From whomsoever it is averted on that day, He will have mercy on him; that is the
manifest triumph.
And if God visits thee with affliction none can remove it but He; and if He visits
thee with good, He is powerful over everything.
He is Omnipotent over His servants, and He is the All-wise, the All-aware. Say:
'What thing is greatest in testimony?'
Say: 'God is witness between me and you, and this Koran has been revealed to
me that I may warn you thereby, and whomsoever it may reach. Do you indeed
testify that there are other gods with God?' Say: 'I do not testify.' Say: 'He is only
One God, and I am quit of that you associate.'
6:20 Those to whom We have given the Book recognize it as they recognize their
sons. Those who have lost their own souls, they do not believe.
And who does greater evil than he who forges against God a lie, or cries lies to
His signs? They shall not prosper, the evildoers.
And on the day when We shall muster them all together, then We shall say unto
those who associated other gods with God, 'Where are your associates whom
you were asserting?'
Then they shall have no proving, but to say, 'By God our Lord, we never
associated other gods with Thee.'
Behold how they lie against themselves, and how that which they were forging
has gone astray from them!
6:25 And some of them there are that listen to thee, and We lay veils upon their
hearts lest they understand it, and in their ears heaviness; and if they see any
sign whatever, they do not believe in it, so that when they come to thee they
dispute with thee, the unbelievers saying, 'This is naught but the fairy-tales of the
ancient ones.' And they forbid it, and keep afar from it, and it is only themselves
they destroy, but they are not aware.
If thou couldst see when they are stationed before the Fire, and they say, 'Would
that we might be returned, and then not cry lies to the signs of our Lord, but that
we might be among the believers!'

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No; that which they were concealing before has now appeared to them; and even
if they were returned, they would again commit the very thing they were
prohibited; they are truly liars. And they say, 'There is only our present life; we
shall not be raised.'
6:30 If thou couldst see when they are stationed before their Lord! He will say, 'Is
not this the truth?' They will say, 'Yes indeed, by our Lord!' He will say, 'Then taste
the chastisement for your unbelief. Lost indeed are they that cried lies to the
encounter with God, so that when the Hour comes to them suddenly they shall
say, 'Alas for us, that we neglected it!' On their backs they shall be bearing their
loads; O how evil the loads they bear! The present life is naught but a sport and a
diversion; surely the Last Abode is better for those that are godfearing. What, do
you not understand?
We know indeed that it grieves thee the things they say; yet it is not thee they cry
lies to, but the evildoers -- it is the signs of God that they deny. Messengers
indeed were cried lies to before thee, yet they endured patiently that they were
cried lies to, and were hurt, until Our help came unto them. No man can change
the words of God; and there has already come to thee some tiding of the Envoys.
6:35 And if their turning away is distressful for thee, why, if thou canst seek out a
hole in the earth, or a ladder in heaven, to bring them some sign but had God
willed, He would have gathered them to the guidance; so be not thou one of the
ignorant. Answer only will those who hear; as for the dead, God will raise them
up, then unto Him they will be returned.
They also say, 'Why has no sign been sent down upon him from his Lord?' Say:
'Surely God is able to send down a sign, but most of them know not.'
No creature is there crawling on the earth, no bird flying with its wings, but they
are nations like unto yourselves. We have neglected nothing in the Book; then to
their Lord they shall be mustered.
And those who cry lies to Our signs are deaf and dumb, dwelling in the shadows.
Whomsoever God will, He leads astray, and whomsoever He will, He sets him on
a straight path.
6:40 Say: 'What think you? If God's chastisement comes upon you, or the Hour
comes upon you, will you call upon any other than God if you speak truly?' No;
upon Him you will call, and He will remove that for which you call upon Him if He
Will, and you will forget that you associate with Him.

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Indeed We sent to nations before thee, and We seized them with misery and
hardship that haply they might be humble; if only, when Our might came upon
them, they had been humble! But their hearts were hard, and Satan decked out
fair to them what they were doing.
So, when they forgot what they were reminded of; We opened unto them the
gates of everything until; when they rejoiced in what they were given, We seized
them suddenly, and behold, they were sore confounded.
6:45 So the last remnant of the people who did evil was cut off. Praise belongs to
God the Lord of all Being. Say: 'What think you? If God seizes your hearing and
sight, and sets a seal upon your hearts, who is a god other than God to give it
back to you?' Behold how We turn about the signs! Yet thereafter they are turning
away. Say: 'What think you? If God's chastisement comes upon you, suddenly or
openly, shall any be destroyed, except the people of the evildoers?'
We do not send the Envoys, except good tidings to bear, and warning; whoever
believes and makes amends -- no fear shall be on them, neither shall they
sorrow. But those who cry lies to Our signs, them the chastisement shall visit, for
that they were ungodly.
6:50 Say: 'I do not say to you, "I possess the treasuries of God"; I know not the
Unseen. And I say not to you, "I am an angel"; I only follow what is revealed to
me. Say: 'Are the blind and the seeing man equal? Will you not reflect?'
And warn therewith those who fear they shall be mustered to their Lord; they
have, apart from God, no protector and no intercessor; haply they will be
godfearing. And do not drive away those who call upon their Lord at morning and
evening desiring His countenance; nothing of their account falls upon thee, and
nothing of thy account falls upon them, that thou shouldst drive them away, and
so become one of the evildoers.
Even so We have tried some of them by others that they may say, Are these the
ones God has been gracious to among us?' Knows not God very well the
thankful?
And when those who believe in Our signs come to thee, say, 'Peace be upon you.
Your Lord has prescribed for Himself mercy. Whosoever of you does evil in
ignorance, and thereafter repents and makes amends, He is All-forgiving, Allcompassionate.'
6:55 Thus We distinguish Our signs, that the sinners' way may be manifest.

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Say: 'I am forbidden to serve those you call on apart from God.' Say: 'I do not
follow your caprices, or else I had gone astray, and would not be of the rightguided.' Say: 'I stand upon a clear sign from my Lord, and you have cried lies to
it. Not with me is that you seek to hasten; the judgment is God's alone. He relates
the truth, and He is the Best of deciders.' Say: 'If what you seek to hasten were
with me, the matter between you and me would be decided; and God knows very
well the evildoers.'
With Him are the keys of the Unseen; none knows them but He. He knows what
is in land and sea; not a leaf falls, but He knows it. Not a grain in the earth's
shadows, not a thing, fresh or withered, but it is in a Book Manifest.
6:60 It is He who recalls you by night, and He knows what you work by day; then
He raises you up therein, that a stated term may be determined; then unto Him
shall you return, then He will tell you of what you have been doing.
He is the Omnipotent over His servants. He sends recorders over you till, when
any one of you is visited by death, Our messengers take him and they neglect
not. Then they are restored to God their Protector, the True. Surely His is the
judgment; He is the swiftest of reckoners.
Say: 'Who delivers you from the shadows of land and sea? You call upon Him
humbly and secretly, "Truly, if Thou deliverest from these, we shall be among the
thankful."
Say: 'God delivers you from them and from every distress; then you assign Him
associates.'
6:65 Say: 'He is able to send forth upon you chastisement, from above you or
from under your feet, or to confuse you in sects and to make you taste the
violence of one another.' Behold how We turn about the signs; haply they will
understand. Thy people have cried it lies; yet it is the truth. Say: 'I am not a
guardian over you. Every tiding has its time appointed; you will surely know.'
When thou seest those who plunge into Our signs, turn away from them until they
plunge into some other talk; or if Satan should make thee forget, do not sit, after
the reminding, with the people of the evildoers.
Nothing of their account falls upon those that are godfearing; but a reminding;
haply they will be godfearing. Leave alone those who take their religion for a sport
and a diversion, and whom the present life has deluded. Remind hereby, lest a
soul should be given up to destruction for what it has earned; apart from God, it

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has no protector and no intercessor; though it offer any equivalent, it shall not be
taken from it. Those are they who are given up to destruction for what they have
earned; for them awaits a draught of boiling water and a painful chastisement, for
that they were unbelievers.
6:70 Say: 'Shall we call, apart from God, on that which neither profits nor hurts us,
and shall we be turned back on our heels after that God has guided us? -- Like
one lured to bewilderment in the earth by Satans, though he has friends who call
him to guidance, "Come to us!" Say: 'God's guidance is the true guidance, and we
are commanded to surrender to the Lord of all Being, and: "Perform the prayer,
and fear Him; it is unto Him you shall be mustered."
It is He who created the heavens and the earth in truth; and the day He says 'Be',
and it is; His saying is true, and His is the Kingdom the day the Trumpet is blown;
He is Knower of the Unseen and the visible; He is the All-wise, the All-aware.
And when Abraham said to his father Azar, 'Takest thou idols for gods? I see thee,
and thy people, in manifest error.'
6:75 So We were showing Abraham the kingdom of the heavens and earth, that
he might be of those having sure faith. When night outspread over him he saw a
star and said, 'This is my Lord.' But when it set he said, 'I love not the setters.'
When he saw the moon rising, he said, 'This is my Lord.' But when it set he said,
'If my Lord does not guide me I shall surely be of the people gone astray.' When
he saw the sun rising, he said, 'This is my Lord; this is greater!' But when it set he
said, 'O my people, surely I am quit of that you associate. I have turned my face
to Him who originated the heavens and the earth, a man of pure faith; I am not of
the idolaters.'
6:80 His people disputed with him. He said, 'Do you dispute with me concerning
God, and He has guided me? I fear not what you associate with Him, except my
Lord will aught. My Lord embraces all things in His knowledge; will you not
remember? How should I fear what you have associated, seeing you fear not that
you have associated with God that whereon He has not sent down on you any
authority?'
Which of the two parties has better title to security, if you have any knowledge?
Those who believe, and have not confounded their belief with evildoing -- to them
belongs the true security; they are rightly guided. That is Our argument, which We
bestowed upon Abraham as against his people.

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We raise up in degrees whom We will; surely thy Lord is All-wise, All-knowing.


And We gave to him Isaac and Jacob -- each one We guided, And Noah We
guided before; and of his seed David and Solomon, Job and Joseph, Moses and
Aaron -- even so We recompense the good-doers -6:85 Zachariah and John, Jesus and Elias; each was of the righteous; Ishmael
and Elisha, Jonah and Lot -- each one We preferred above all beings; and of their
fathers, and of their seed, and of their brethren; and We elected them, and We
guided them to a straight path.
That is God's guidance; He guides by it whom He will of His servants; had they
been idolaters, it would have failed them, the things they did. Those are they to
whom We gave the Book, the Judgment, the Prophethood; so if these disbelieve
in it, We have already entrusted it to a people who do not disbelieve in it.
6:90 Those are they whom God has guided; so follow their guidance. Say: 'I ask
of you no wage for it; it is but a reminder unto all beings.'
They measured not God with His true measure when they said, 'God has not sent
down aught on any mortal.' Say: 'Who sent down the Book that Moses brought as
a light and a guidance to men? You put it into parchments, revealing them, and
hiding much; and you were taught that you knew not, you and your fathers.' Say:
'God.' Then leave them alone, playing their game of plunging.
This is a Book We have sent down, blessed and confirming that which was before
it, and for thee to warn the Mother of Cities and those about her; and those who
believe in the world to come believe in it, and watch over their prayers.
And who does greater evil than he who forges against God a lie, or says, 'To me it
has been revealed', when naught has been revealed to him, or he who says, 'I will
send down the like of what God has sent down'? If thou couldst only see when
the evildoers are in the agonies of death, and the angels are stretching out their
hands: 'Give up your souls! Today you shall be recompensed with the
chastisement of humiliation for what you said untruly about God, waxing proud
against His signs.'
'Now you have come to Us one by one, as We created you upon the first time,
and you have left what We conferred on you behind your backs. We do not see
with you your intercessors, those you asserted to be associates in you; the bond
between you is now broken; that which you ever asserted has now gone astray
from you.

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6:95 It is God who splits the grain and the date-stone, brings forth the living from
the dead; He brings forth the dead too from the living. So that then is God; then
how are you perverted? He splits the sky into dawn, and has made the night for a
repose, and the sun and moon for a reckoning. That is the ordaining of the Allmighty, the All-knowing. It is He who has appointed for you the stars, that by them
you might be guided in the shadows of land and sea.
We have distinguished the signs for a people who know. It is He who produced
you from one living soul, and then a lodging-place, and then a repository. We
have distinguished the signs for a people who understand. It is He who sent down
out of heaven water, and thereby We have brought forth the shoot of every plant,
and then We have brought forth the green leaf of it, bringing forth from it closecompounded grain, and out of the palm-tree, from the spathe of it, dates thicklustered, ready to the hand, and gardens of vines, olives, pomegranates, like
each to each, and each unlike to each.
Look upon their fruits when they fructify and ripen! Surely, in all this are signs for
a people who do believe.
6:100 Yet they ascribe to God, as associates, the jinn, though He created them;
and they impute to Him sons and daughters without any knowledge. Glory be to
Him! High be He exalted above what they describe! The Creator of the heavens
and the earth -- how should He have a son, seeing that He has no consort, and
He created all things, and He has knowledge of everything?
That then is God your Lord; there is no god but He, the Creator of everything. So
serve Him, for He is Guardian over everything. The eyes attain Him not, but He
attains the eyes; He is the All-subtle, the All-aware.
Clear proofs have come to you from your Lord. Whoso sees clearly, it is to his
own gain, and whoso is blind, it is to his own loss; I am not a watcher over you.
6:105 So We turn about the signs, that they may say, 'Thou hast studied'; and
that We may make it clear to a people having knowledge. Follow thou what has
been revealed to thee from thy Lord; there is no god but He; and turn thou away
from the idolaters. Had God willed, they were not idolaters; and We have not
appointed thee a watcher over them, neither art thou their guardian.
Abuse not those to whom they pray, apart from God, or they will abuse God in
revenge without knowledge. So We have decked out fair to every nation their
deeds; then to their Lord they shall return, and He will tell them what they have
been doing. They have sworn by God the most earnest oaths if a sign comes to

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them they will believe in it. Say: 'Signs are only with God.' What will make you
realize that, when it comes, they will not believe?
6:110 We shall turn about their hearts and their eyes, even as they believed not in
it the first time; and We shall leave them in their insolence wandering blindly.
Though We had sent down the angels to them, and the dead had spoken with
them, had We mustered against them every thing, face to face, yet they would not
have been the ones to believe, unless God willed; but most of them are ignorant.
So We have appointed to every Prophet an enemy -- Satans of men and jinn,
revealing tawdry speech to each other, all as a delusion; yet, had thy Lord willed,
they would never have done it. So leave them to their forging, and that the hearts
of those who believe not in the world to come may incline to it, and that they may
be well-pleased with it, and that they may gain what they are gaining. What, shall
I seek after any judge but God? For it is He who sent down to you the Book welldistinguished; and those whom We have given the Book know it is sent down
from thy Lord with the truth; so be not thou of the doubters.
6:115 Perfect are the words of thy Lord in truthfulness and justice; no man can
change His words; He is the All-hearing, the All-knowing. If thou obeyest the most
part of those on earth they will lead thee astray from the path of God; they follow
only surmise, merely conjecturing. Thy Lord knows very well who goes astray
from His path; He knows very well the right-guided.
Eat of that over which God's Name has been mentioned, if you believe in His
signs. How is it with you, that you do not eat of that over which God's Name has
been mentioned, seeing that He has distinguished for you that He has forbidden
you, unless you are constrained to it? But surely, many lead astray by their
caprices, without any knowledge; thy Lord knows very well the transgressors.
6:120 Forsake the outward sin, and the inward surely the earners of sin shall be
recompensed for what they have earned. And eat not of that over which God's
Name has not been mentioned; it is ungodliness. The Satans inspire their friends
to dispute with you; if you obey them, you are idolaters.
Why, is he who was dead, and We gave him life, and appointed for him a light to
walk by among the people as one whose likeness is in the shadows, and comes
not forth from them?
So it is decked out fair to the unbelievers the things they have done.

99

And even so We appointed in every city great ones among its sinners, to devise
there; but they devised only against themselves, and they were not aware. And
when a sign came to them, they said, 'We will not believe until we are given the
like of what God's Messengers were given.' God knows very well where to place
His Message; and humiliation in God's sight shall befall the sinners, and a terrible
chastisement, for what they devised.
6:125 Whomsoever God desires to guide, He expands his breast to Islam;
whomsoever He desires to lead astray, He makes his breast narrow, tight, as if he
were climbing to heaven. So God lays abomination upon those who believe not.
This is the path of thy Lord; straight; We have distinguished the signs to a people
who remember. Theirs is the abode of peace with their Lord, and He is their
Protector for that they were doing.
On the day when He shall muster them all together: 'Company of jinn, you have
made much of mankind.' Then their friends among mankind will say, 'Our Lord,
we have profited each of the other, and we have reached the term determined by
Thee for us. He will say: 'The Fire is your lodging, therein to dwell forever' -except as God will; surely thy Lord is All-wise, All-knowing.
So We make the evildoers friends of each other for what they have earned.
6:130 'Company of jinn and mankind, did not Messengers come to you from
among you, relating to you My signs and warning you of the encounter of this
your day?' They shall say, 'We bear witness against ourselves.' They were
deluded by the present life, and they bear witness against themselves that they
were unbelievers.
That is because thy Lord would never destroy the cities unjustly, while their
inhabitants were heedless. All have degrees according to what they have done;
thy Lord is not heedless of the things they do.
Thy Lord is All-sufficient, Merciful. If He will, He can put you away, and leave after
you, to succeed you, what He will, as He produced you from the seed of another
people. The thing you are promised, that will surely come; you cannot frustrate it.
6:135 Say: 'O my people, act according to your station; I am acting. And
assuredly you will know who shall possess the Abode Ultimate. Surely the
evildoers will not prosper.' They appoint to God, of the tillage and cattle that He
multiplied, a portion, saying, 'This is for God' -- so they assert -- 'and this is for our
associates.' So what is for their associates reaches not God; and what is for God
reaches their associates. Evil is their judgment!

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Thus those associates of theirs have decked out fair to many idolaters to slay
their children, to destroy them, and to confuse their religion for them. Had God
willed, they would not have done so; so leave them to their forging. They say,
'These are cattle and tillage sacrosanct; none shall eat them, but whom we will'-so they assert --'and cattle whose backs have been forbidden, and cattle over
which they mention not the Name of God.'
All that they say, forging against God; He will assuredly recompense them for
what they were forging.
6:140 And they say, 'What is within the bellies of these cattle is reserved for our
males and forbidden to our spouses; but if it be dead, then they all shall be
partners in it.' He will assuredly recompense them for their describing; surely He
is All-wise, All-knowing.
Losers are they who slay their children in folly, without knowledge, and have
forbidden what God has provided them, forging against God; they have gone
astray, and are not right-guided.
It is He who produces gardens trellised, and untrellised, palm-trees, and crops
diverse in produce, olives, pomegranates, like each to each, and each unlike to
each.
Eat of their fruits when they fructify, and pay the due thereof on the day of its
harvest; and be not prodigal; God loves not the prodigal. And of the cattle, for
burthen and for slaughter, eat of what God has provided you; and follow not the
steps of Satan; he is a manifest foe to you.
Eight couples: two of sheep, of goats two. Say: 'Is it the two males He has
forbidden or the two females? Or what the wombs of the two females contain?
Tell me with knowledge, if you speak truly.'
6:145 Of camels two, of oxen two. Say: 'Is it the two males He has forbidden or
the two females? Or what the wombs of the two females contain? Or were you
witnesses when God charged you with this? Then who does greater evil than he
who forges against God a lie, in order that he may lead mankind astray without
any knowledge? Surely God guides not the people of the evildoers.' Say: 'I do not
find, in what is revealed to me, aught forbidden to him who eats thereof except it
be carrion, or blood outpoured, or the flesh of swine -- that is an abomination -- or
an ungodly thing that has been hallowed to other than God; yet whoso is
constrained, not desiring nor transgressing, surely thy Lord is All-forgiving, Allcompassionate.'

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And to those of Jewry We have forbidden every beast with claws; and of oxen
and sheep We have forbidden them the fat of them, save what their backs carry,
or their entrails, or what is mingled with bone; that We recompensed them for
their insolence; surely We speak truly.
So, if they cry thee lies, say: 'Your Lord is of mercy all-embracing, and His might
will never be turned back from the people of the sinners.'
The idolaters will say, 'Had God willed, we would not have been idolaters, neither
our fathers, nor would we have forbidden aught.' Even so the people before them
cried lies until they tasted Our might. Say: 'Have you any knowledge, for you to
bring forth for us? You follow only surmise, merely conjecturing.'
6:150 Say: 'To God belongs the argument conclusive; for had He willed, He would
have guided you all.' Say: 'Produce your witnesses, those who testify God has
forbidden this.' Then if they testify, bear not witness with them; and do not thou
follow the caprices of those who cried lies to Our signs, and who believe not in
the world to come, and ascribe equals to their Lord.
Say: 'Come, I will recite what your Lord has forbidden you: that you associate not
anything with Him, and to be good to your parents, and not to slay your children
because of poverty; We will provide you and them and that you approach not any
indecency outward or inward, and that you slay not the soul God has forbidden,
except by right. That then He has charged you with; haply you will understand.
And that you approach not the property of the orphan, save in the fairer manner,
until he is of age. And fill up the measure and the balance with justice. We charge
not any soul save to its capacity. And when you speak, be just, even if it should
be to a near kinsman. And fulfil God's covenant. That then He has charged you
with; haply you will remember.
And that this is My path, straight; so do you follow it, and follow not divers paths
lest they scatter you from His path. That then He has charged you with; haply you
will be godfearing.'
6:155 Then We gave Moses the Book, complete for him who does good, and
distinguishing every thing, and as a guidance and a mercy; haply they would
believe in the encounter with their Lord.
This is a Book We have sent down, blessed; so follow it, and be godfearing; haply
so you will find mercy; lest you should say, 'The Book was sent down only upon
two parties before us, and we have indeed been heedless of their study'; or lest

102

you say, 'If the Book had been sent down upon us, we had surely been more
rightly guided than they.' Yet indeed a clear sign has come to you from your Lord,
and a guidance and a mercy; and who does greater evil than he who cries lies to
God's signs, and turns away from them? We shall surely recompense those who
turn away from Our signs with an evil chastisement for their turning away. What,
do they look for the angels to come to them, nothing less, or that thy Lord should
come, or that one of thy Lord's signs should come? On the day that one of thy
Lord's signs comes it shall not profit a soul to believe that never believed before,
or earned some good in his belief.
Say: 'Watch and wait; We too are waiting.'
6:160 Those who have made divisions in their religion and become sects, thou art
not of them in anything; their affair is unto God, then He will tell them what they
have been doing. Whoso brings a good deed shall have ten the like of it; and
whoso brings an evil deed shall only be recompensed the like of it; they shall not
be wronged.
Say: 'As for me, my Lord has guided me to a straight path, a right religion, the
creed of Abraham, a man of pure faith; he was no idolater.'
Say: 'My prayer, my ritual sacrifice, my living, my dying -- all belongs to God, the
Lord of all Being.
No associate has He. Even so I have been commanded, and I am the first of
those that surrender.'
Say: 'Shall I seek after a Lord other than God, who is the Lord of all things?'
Every soul earns only to its own account, no soul laden bears the load of another.
Then to your Lord shall you return, and He will tell you of that whereon you were
at variance.
6:165 It is He who has appointed you viceroys in the earth, and has raised some
of you in rank above others, that He may try you in what He has given you. Surely
thy Lord is swift in retribution; and surely He is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
VII

THE BATTLEMENTS

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate

103

Alif Lam Mim Sad


7:1 A Book sent down to thee -- so let there be no impediment in thy breast
because of it -- to warn thereby, and as a reminder to believers: Follow what has
been sent down to you from your Lord, and follow no friends other than He; little
do you remember.
How many a city We have destroyed! Our might came upon it at night, or while
they took their ease in the noontide, and they but cried, when Our might came
upon there, 'We were evildoers.';
7:5 So We shall question those unto whom a Message was sent, and We shall
question the Envoys, and We shall relate to them with knowledge; assuredly We
were not absent. The weighing that day is true; he whose scales are heavy -- they
are the prosperers, and he whose scales are light -- they have lost their soul for
wronging Our signs.
We have established you in the earth and there appointed for you livelihood; little
thanks you show.
7:10 We created you, then We shaped you, then We said to the angels: 'Bow
yourselves to Adam'; so they bowed themselves, save Iblis -- he was not of those
that bowed themselves. Said He, 'What prevented thee to bow thyself, when I
commanded thee?' Said he, 'I am better than he; Thou createdst me of fire, and
him Thou createdst of clay.'
Said He, 'Get thee down out of it; it is not for thee to wax proud here, so go thou
forth; surely thou art among the humbled.' Said he, 'Respite me till the day they
shall be raised.'
Said He, 'Thou art among the ones that are respited.'
7:15 Said he, 'Now, for Thy perverting me, I shall surely sit in ambush for them on
Thy straight path; then I shall come on them from before them and from behind
them, from their right hands and their left hands; Thou wilt not find most of them
thankful.'
Said He, 'Go thou forth from it, despised and banished. Those of them that follow
thee -- I shall assuredly fill Gehenna with all of you.'
'O Adam, inherit, thou and thy wife, the Garden, and eat of where you will, but
come not nigh this tree, lest you be of the evildoers.'

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Then Satan whispered to them, to reveal to them that which was hidden from
them of their shameful parts. He said, 'Your Lord has only prohibited you from this
tree lest you become angels, or lest you become immortals.'
20 And he swore to them, 'Truly, I am for you a sincere adviser.' So he led them
on by delusion; and when they tasted the tree, their shameful parts revealed to
them, so they took to stitching upon themselves leaves of the Garden. And their
Lord called to them, 'Did not I prohibit you from this tree, and say to you, "Verily
Satan is for you a manifest foe"?'
They said, 'Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if Thou dost not forgive us,
and have mercy upon us, we shall surely be among the lost.'
Said He, 'Get you down, each of you an enemy to each. In the earth a sojourn
shall be yours, and enjoyment for a time.'
Said He, 'Therein you shall live, and therein you shall die, and from there you
shall be brought forth.'
25 Children of Adam! We have sent down on you a garment to cover your
shameful parts, and feathers; and the garment of godfearing -- that is better; that
is one of God's signs; haply they will remember. Children of Adam! Let not Satan
tempt you as he brought your parents out of the Garden, stripping them of their
garments to show them their shameful parts. Surely he sees you, he and his tribe,
from where you see them not. We have made the Satans the friends of those who
do not believe.
And whenever they commit an indecency they say, 'We found our fathers
practising it, and God has commanded us to do it.' Say: 'God does not command
indecency; what, do you say concerning God such things as you know not?'
Say: 'My Lord has commanded justice. Set your faces in every place of worship
and call on Him, making your religion sincerely His. As He originated you so you
will return; a part He guided, and a part justly disposed to error -- they have taken
Satans for friends instead of God, and think them guided.' Children of Adam! Take
your adornment at every place of worship; and eat and drink, but be you not
prodigal; He loves not the prodigal.
30 Say: 'Who has forbidden the ornament of God which He brought forth for His
servants, and the good things of His providing?' Say: 'These, on the Day of
Resurrection, shall be exclusively for those who believed in this present life. So
We distinguish the signs for a people who know.'

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Say: 'My Lord has only forbidden indecencies, the inward and the outward, and
sin, and unjust insolence, and that you associate with God that for which He sent
down never authority, and that you say concerning God such as you know not.
To every nation a term; when their term comes they shall not put it back by a
single hour nor put it forward. Children of Adam! If there should come to you
Messengers from among you, relating to you My signs, then whosoever is
godfearing and makes amends -- no fear shall be on them, neither shall they
sorrow. And those that cry lies to Our signs, and wax proud against them -- those
shall be the inhabitants of the Fire, therein dwelling forever.
35 And who does greater evil than he who forges against God a lie, or cries lies to
His signs? Those -- their portion of the Book shall reach them; till, when Our
messengers come to them, to take them away, they say, 'Where is that you were
calling on, beside God?'
They will say, 'They have gone astray from us, and they will bear witness against
themselves that they were unbelievers.
He will say, 'Enter among nations that passed away before you, jinn and mankind,
into the Fire.' Whenever any nation enters, it curses its sister-nation; till, when
they have all successively come there, the last of them shall say to the first of
them, 'O our Lord, these led us astray; so give them a double chastisement of the
Fire.'
He will say, 'Unto each a double, but you know not. The first of them shall say to
the last of them, 'You have no superiority over us, then; so taste the chastisement
for what you have been earning.'
Those that cry lies to Our signs and wax proud against them the gates of heaven
shall not be opened to them, nor shall they enter Paradise until the camel passes
through the eye of the needle. Even so We recompense the sinners; Gehenna
shall be their cradle, above them coverings. Even so We recompense the
evildoers.
7:40 And those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness -- We charge not any
soul, save according to its capacity; those are the inhabitants of Paradise, therein
dwelling forever; We shall strip away all rancour that is in their breasts; and
underneath them rivers flowing; and they will say, 'Praise belongs to God, who
guided us unto this; had God not guided us, we had surely never been guided.
Indeed, our Lord's Messengers came with the truth.'

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And it will be proclaimed: 'This is your Paradise; you have been given it as your
inheritance for what you did.'
The inhabitants of Paradise will call to the inhabitants of the Fire: 'We have found
that. which our Lord promised us true; have you found what your Lord promised
you true?'
'Yes,' they will say. And then a herald shall proclaim between them: 'God's curse
is on the evildoers who bar from God's way, desiring to make it crooked,
disbelieving in the world to come. And between them is a veil, and on the
Ramparts are men knowing each by their mark, who shall call to the inhabitants
of Paradise: 'Peace be upon you! They have not entered it, for all their
eagerness.'
7:45 And when their eyes are turned towards the inhabitants of the Fire they shall
say, 'Our Lord, do not Thou assign us with the people of the evildoers.' And the
dwellers on the Battlements shall call to certain men they know by their sign:
'Your amassing has not availed you, neither your waxing proud. Are these the
ones that you swore God would never reach with mercy?' 'Enter Paradise; no fear
upon you, nor shall you sorrow. The inhabitants of the Fire shall call to the
inhabitants of Paradise:
'Pour on us water, or of that God has provided you!'
They will say: 'God has forbidden them to the unbelievers who have taken their
religion as a diversion and a sport, and whom the present life has deluded.' -Therefore today We forget them as they forgot the encounter of this their day, and
that they denied Our signs.
7:50 And We have brought to them a Book that We have well distinguished,
resting on knowledge, a guidance and a mercy unto a people that believe. Do
they look for aught else but its interpretation?
The day its interpretation comes, those who before forgot it shall say, 'Indeed, our
Lord's Messengers came with the truth. Have we then any intercessors to
intercede for us, or shall we be returned, to do other than that we have done?'
They have indeed lost their souls, and that which they were forging has gone
astray from them.
Surely your Lord is God, who created the heavens and the earth in six days -then sat Himself upon the Throne, covering the day with the night it pursues
urgently -- and the sun, and the moon, and the stars subservient, by His

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command. Verily, His are the creation and the command. Blessed be God, the
Lord of all Being.
Call on your Lord, humbly and secretly; He loves not transgressors. Do not
corruption in the land, after it has been set, right; and call on Him fearfully, eagerly
-- surely the mercy of God is nigh to the good-doers;
7:55 It is He who looses the winds, bearing good tidings before His mercy, till,
when they are charged with heavy clouds, We drive it to a dead land and
therewith send down water, and bring forth, therewith all the fruits. Even so We
shall bring forth the dead; haply you will remember.
And the good land -- its vegetation comes forth by the leave of its Lord, and the
corrupt -- it comes forth but scantily. Even so We turn about the signs for a people
that are thankful.
And We sent Noah to his people; and he said, 'O my people, serve God! You
have no god other' than He; truly, I fear for you the chastisement of a dreadful
day.' Said the Council of his people, 'We see thee in manifest error.'
Said he, 'My people, there is no error in me; but I am a Messenger from the Lord
of all Being.'
7:60 I deliver to you the Messages of my Lord, and I advise you sincerely; for I
know from God that you know not. What, do you wonder that a reminder from
your Lord should come to you by the lips of a man from among you? That he may
warn you, and you be godfearing, haply to find mercy.'
But they cried him lies; so We delivered him, and those with him, in the Ark, and
We drowned those who cried lies to Our signs; assuredly they were a blind
people.
And to Ad their brother Hood; he said, 'O my people, serve God! You have no god
other than He; will you not be godfearing?' Said the Council of the unbelievers of
his people, 'We see thee in folly, and we think that thou art one of the liars.'
7:65 Said he, 'My people, there is no folly in me; but I am a Messenger from the
Lord of all Being. 'I deliver to you the Messages of my Lord; I am your adviser
sincere, faithful.
What, do you wonder that a reminder from your Lord should come to you by the
lips of a man from among you? That he may warn you; and remember when He

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appointed you as successors after the people of Noah, and increased you in
stature broadly; remember God's bounties; haply you will prosper.'
They said, 'Why, hast thou come to us that we may serve God alone, and forsake
that our fathers served? Then bring us that thou promisest us, if thou speakest
truly.'
Said he, 'Anger and wrath from your Lord have fallen upon you. What, do you
dispute with me regarding names you have named, you and your fathers,
touching which God has sent down never authority?
Then watch and wait; I shall be with you watching and waiting.'
7:70 So We delivered him, and those with him, by a mercy from Us; and We cut
off the last remnant of those who cried lies to Our signs and were not believers.
And to Thamood their brother Salih; he said, 'O my people, serve God! You have
no god other than He; there has now come to you a clear sign from your Lord -this is the She-camel of God, to be a sign for you. Leave her that she may eat in
God's earth, and do not touch her with evil, lest you be seized by a painful
chastisement.
And remember when He appointed you successors after Ad, and lodged you in
the land, taking to yourselves castles of its plains, and hewing its mountains into
houses. Remember God's bounties, and do not mischief in the earth, working
corruption.'
Said the Council of those of his people who waxed proud to those that were
abased, to those of them who believed, 'Do you know that Salih is an Envoy from
his Lord?' They said, 'In the Message he has been sent with we are believers.'
Said the ones who waxed proud, 'As for us, we are unbelievers in the thing in
which you believe.'
7:75 So they hamstrung the She-camel and turned in disdain from the
commandment of their Lord, saying, 'O Salih, bring us that thou promisest us, if
thou art an Envoy.'
So the earthquake seized them, and morning found them in their habitation fallen
prostrate.

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So he turned his back on them, and said, 'O my people, I have delivered to you
the Message of my Lord, and advised you sincerely; but you do not love sincere
advisers.'
And Lot, when he said to his people, 'What, do you commit such indecency as
never any being in all the world committed before you? See, you approach men
lustfully instead of women; no, you are a people that do exceed.'
7:80 And the only answer of his people was that they said, 'Expel them from your
city; surely they are folk that keep themselves clean!' So We delivered him and
his family, except his wife; she was one of those that tarried. And We rained down
upon them a rain; so behold thou, how was the end of the sinners!
And to Midian their brother Shuaib; he said, 'O my people, serve God! You have
no god other than He; there has now come to you a clear sign from your Lord. So
fill up the measure and the balance, and diminish not the goods of the people;
and do not corruption in the land, after it has been set right; that is better for you,
if you are believers. And do not sit in every path, threatening and barring from
God's way those who believe in Him, desiring to make it crooked. And remember
when you were few, and He multiplied you; and behold, how was the end of the
workers of corruption.
7:85 And if there is a party of you who believe in the Message I have been sent
with, and a party who believe not, be patient till God shall judge between us; He is
the best of judges.'
Said the Council of those of his people who waxed proud, 'We will surely expel
thee, O Shuaib, and those who believe with thee, from our city, unless you return
into our creed.' He said, 'What, even though we detest it? We should have forged
against God a lie if we returned into your creed; after God delivered us from it. It
is not for us to return into it, unless God our Lord so will. Our Lord embraces all
things in His knowledge. In God we have put our trust. Our Lord, give true
deliverance between us and our people; Thou art the best of deliverers.' Said the
Council of those of his people who disbelieved, 'Now, if you follow Shuaib,
assuredly in that case you will be losers.'
So the earthquake seized them, and morning found them in their habitation fallen
prostrate,
7:90 those who cried lies to Shuaib, as if never they dwelt there; those who cried
lies to Shuaib, they were the losers. So he turned his back on them, and said, 'O

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my people, I have delivered to you the Messages of my Lord, and advised you
sincerely; how should I grieve for a people of unbelievers?'
We have sent no Prophet to any city but that We seized its people with misery
and hardship, that haply they might be humble; then We gave them in the place
of evil good, till they multiplied, and said, 'Hardship and happiness visited our
fathers.'
So We seized them suddenly, unawares. Yet had the peoples of the cities
believed and been godfearing, We would have opened upon them blessings from
heaven and earth; but they cried lies, and so We seized them for what they
earned.
Do the people of the cities feel secure Our might shall not come upon them at
night while they are sleeping?
7:95 Do the people of the cities feel secure Our might shall not come upon them
in daylight while they are playing? Do they feel secure against God's devising?
None feels secure against God's devising but the people of the lost.
Is it not a guidance to those who inherit the earth after those who inhabited it that,
did We will, We would smite them because of their sins, sealing their hearts so
they do not hear? Those cities We relate to thee tidings of; their Messengers
came to them with the clear signs, but they were not the ones to believe in that
they had cried lies before; so God seals the hearts of the unbelievers.
7:100 We found no covenant in the most part of them; indeed, We found the most
part of them ungodly. Then We sent, after them, Moses with Our signs to Pharaoh
and his Council, but they did them wrong; so behold thou, how was the end of the
workers of corruption!
Moses said, 'Pharaoh, I am a Messenger from the Lord of all Being, worthy to say
nothing regarding God except the truth. I have brought a clear sign to you from
your Lord; so send forth with me the Children of Israel.'
Said he, 'If thou hast brought a sign, produce it, if thou speakest truly.' So he cast
his staff; and behold, it was a serpent manifest.
7:105 And he drew forth his hand, and lo, it was white to the beholders. Said the
Council of the people of Pharaoh, 'Surely this man is a cunning sorcerer who
desires to expel you from your land; what do you command?'

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They said, 'Put him and his brother off a while, and send among the cities
musterers, to bring thee every cunning sorcerer.'
7:110 And the sorcerers came to Pharaoh, saying, 'We shall surely have a wage,
if we should be the victors?' He said, 'Yes, indeed; and you shall be among the
near-stationed.' They said, 'Moses, wilt thou cast, or shall we be the casters?'
He said, 'You cast.' And when they cast they put a Spell upon the people's eyes,
and called forth fear of them, and produced a mighty sorcery. And We revealed to
Moses: 'Cast thy staff!' And lo, it forthwith swallowed up their lying invention.
7:115 So the truth came to pass, and false was proved what they were doing. So
they were vanquished there, and they turned about, humbled. And the sorcerers
were cast down, bowing themselves. They said, 'We believe in the Lord of all
Being, the. Lord of Moses and Aaron.
7:120 Said Pharaoh, 'You have believed in Him before I gave you leave. Surely
this is a device you have devised in the city that you may expel its people from it.
Now you shall know! I shall assuredly cut off alternately your hands and feet, then
I shall crucify you all together.' They said, 'Surely unto our Lord we are turning.
Thou takest vengeance upon us only because we have believed in the signs of
our Lord when they came to us. Our Lord, pour out upon us patience, and gather
us unto Thee surrendering.'
Then said the Council of the people of Pharaoh, 'Wilt thou leave Moses and his
people to work corruption in the land, and leave thee and thy gods?' Said he, 'We
shall slaughter their sons and spare their women; surely we are triumphant over
them!'
7:125 Said Moses to his people, 'Pray for succour to God, and be patient; surely
the earth is God's and He bequeaths it to whom He will among His servants. The
issue ultimate is to the godfearing.'
They said, 'We have been hurt before thou camest to us, and after thou camest to
us.' He said, 'Perchance your Lord will destroy your enemy, and will make you
successors in the land, so that He may behold how you shall do.'
Then seized We Pharaoh's people with years of dearth, and scarcity of fruits, that
haply they might remember. So, when good came to them, they said, 'This
belongs to us'; but if any evil smote them, they would augur ill by Moses and
those with him. Why, surely their ill augury was with God; but the most of them
knew not.

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And they said, 'Whatsoever sign thou bringest to us, to cast a spell upon us, we
will not believe thee.'
7:130 So We let loose upon them the flood and the locusts, the lice and the frogs,
the blood, distinct signs; but they waxed proud and were a sinful people. And
when the wrath fell upon them, they said, 'Moses, pray to thy Lord for us by the
covenant He has made with thee. If thou removest from us the wrath, surely we
will believe thee, and send forth with thee the Children of Israel.'
But when We removed from them the wrath unto a term that they should come to,
lo, they broke their troth.
So We took vengeance on them, and drowned them in the sea, for that they cried
lies to Our signs and heeded them not. And We bequeathed upon the people that
were abased all the east and the west of the land We had blessed; and perfectly
was fulfilled the most fair word of thy Lord upon the Children of Israel, for that
they endured patiently; and We destroyed utterly the works of Pharaoh and his
people, and what they had been building.
And We brought the Children of Israel over the sea, and they came upon a
people cleaving to idols they had. They said, 'Moses, make for us a god, as they
have gods.' Said he, 'You are surely a people who are ignorant.
7:135 Surely this they are engaged upon shall be shattered, and void is what they
have been doing.' He said, 'What, shall I seek a god for you other than God, who
has preferred you above all beings?'
And when We delivered you from the folk of Pharaoh who were visiting you with
evil chastisement, slaying your sons, and sparing your women -- and in that was
a grievous trial from your Lord. And We appointed with Moses thirty nights and
We completed them with ten, so the appointed time of his Lord was forty nights;
and Moses said to his brother Aaron, 'Be my successor among my people, and
put things right, and do not follow the way of the workers of corruption.'
And when Moses came to Our appointed time and his Lord spoke with him, he
said, 'Oh my Lord, show me, that I may behold Thee!' Said He, 'Thou shalt not
see Me; but behold the mountain -- if it stays fast in its place, then thou shalt see
Me.' And when his Lord revealed Him to the mountain He made it crumble to
dust; and Moses fell down swooning.

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7:140 So when he awoke, he said, 'Glory be to Thee! I repent to Thee; I am the


first of the believers.' Said He, 'Moses, I have chosen thee above all men for My
Messages and My Utterance; take what I have given thee, and be of the thankful.'
And We wrote for him on the Tablets of everything an admonition, and a
distinguishing of everything: 'So take it forcefully, and command thy people to
take the fairest of it. I shall show you the habitation of the ungodly.
I shall turn from My signs those who wax proud in the earth unjustly; though they
see every sign, they will not believe in it, and though they see the way of rectitude
they will not take it for a way, and though they see the way of error, they will take
it for a way.
That, because they have cried lies to Our signs and heeded them not.'
7:145 Those who cry lies to Our signs, and the encounter in the world to come -their works have failed; shall they be recompensed, except according to the
things they have done? And the people of Moses took to them, after him, of their
ornaments a Calf -- a mere body that lowed. Did they not see it spoke not to
them, neither guided them upon any way? Yet they took it to them, and were
evildoers. And when they smote their hands, and saw that they had gone astray,
they said, 'If our Lord has not mercy on us, and forgives us not, surely we shall be
of the lost.'
And when Moses returned to his people, angry and sorrowful, he said, 'Evilly
have you done in my place, after me; what, have you outstripped your Lord's
commandment?' And he cast down the Tablets, and laid hold of his brother's
head, dragging him to him. He said, 'Son of my mother, surely the people have
abased me, and well nigh slain me. Make not my enemies to gloat over me, and
put me not among the people of the evildoers.
7:150 He said, 'O my Lord, forgive me and my brother and enter us into Thy
mercy; Thou art the most merciful of the merciful.' 'Surely those who took to
themselves the Calf -- anger shall overtake them from their Lord, and abasement
in this present life; so We recompense those who are forgers.
And those who do evil deeds, then repent thereafter and believe, surely thereafter
thy Lord is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.' And when Moses' anger abated in
him, he took the Tablets and in the inscription of them was guidance, and mercy
unto all those who hold their Lord in awe.

114

And Moses chose of his people seventy men for Our appointed time; and when
the earthquake seized them, he said, 'My Lord, hadst Thou willed Thou wouldst
have destroyed them before, and me. Wilt Thou destroy us for what the foolish
ones of us have done? It is only Thy trial, whereby Thou leadest astray whom
Thou wilt, and guidest whom Thou wilt. Thou art our Protector; so forgive us, and
have mercy on us, for Thou art the best of forgivers.
7:155 And prescribe for us in this world good, and in the world to come; we have
repented unto Thee.' Said He, 'My chastisement -- I smite with it whom I will; and
My mercy embraces all things, and I shall prescribe it for those who are
godfearing and pay the alms, and those who indeed believe in Our signs, those
who follow the Messenger, 'the Prophet of the common folk, whom they find
written down with them in the Torah and the Gospel, bidding them to honour, and
forbidding them dishonour, making lawful for them the good things and making
unlawful for them the corrupt things, and relieving them of their loads, and the
fetters that were upon them.
Those who believe in him and succour him and help him, and follow the light that
has been sent down with him -- they are the prosperers.'
Say: 'O mankind, I am the Messenger of God to you all, of Him to whom belongs
the kingdom of the heavens and of the earth.
There is no god but He. He gives life, and makes to die. Believe then in God, and
in His Messenger, the Prophet of the common folk, who believes in God and His
words, and follow him; haply so you will be guided.'
Of the people of Moses there is a nation who guide by the truth, and by it act with
justice.
7:160 And We cut them up into twelve tribes, nations. And We revealed to Moses,
when his people asked him for water: 'Strike with thy staff the rock'; and there
gushed forth from it twelve fountains all the people knew now their drinking-place.
And We outspread the cloud to overshadow them, and We sent down manna and
quails upon them:
'Eat of the good things wherewith We have supplied you.' And they worked no
wrong upon Us, but themselves they wronged. And when it was said to them,
'Dwell in this township and eat of it wherever you will; and say, Unburdening; and
enter in at the gate, prostrating; We will forgive you your transgressions, and
increase the good-doers.'

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Then the evildoers of them substituted a saying other than that which had been
said to them; so We sent down upon them wrath out of heaven for their evildoing.
And question them concerning the township which was bordering the sea, when
they transgressed the Sabbath, when their fish came to them on the day of their
Sabbath, swimming shorewards, but on the day they kept not Sabbath, they
came not unto them. Even so We were trying them for their ungodliness. And
when a certain nation of them said, 'Why do you admonish a people God is about
to destroy or to chastise with a terrible chastisement?' They said, 'As an excuse
to your Lord; and haply they will be godfearing.'
7:165 So, when they forgot that they were reminded of; We delivered those who
were forbidding wickedness, and We seized the evildoers with evil chastisement
for their ungodliness. And when they turned in disdain from that forbidding We
said to them, 'Be you apes, miserably slinking!' And when Thy Lord proclaimed
He would send forth against them, unto the Day of Resurrection, those who
should visit them with evil chastisement. Surely thy Lord is swift in retribution;
surely He is All-forgiving, All-compassionate. And We cut them up into nations in
the earth, some of them righteous, and some of them otherwise; and We tried
them with good things and evil, that haply they should return. And there
succeeded after them a succession who inherited the Book, taking the chance
goods of this lower world, and saying, 'It will be forgiven us'; and if chance goods
the like of them come to them, they will take them.
Has not the compact of the Book been taken touching them, that they should say
concerning God nothing but the truth? And they have studied what is in it; and the
Last Abode is better for those who are godfearing. Do you not understand?
And those who hold fast to the Book, and perform the prayer -- surely We leave
not to waste the wage of those who set aright.
7:170 And when We shook the mountain above them as if it were a canopy, and
they supposed it was about to fall on them: 'Take forcefully what We have given
you, and remember what is in it; haply you will be godfearing.'
And when thy Lord took from the Children of Adam, from their loins, their seed,
and made them testify touching themselves, 'Am I not your Lord?' They said,
'Yes, we testify'-- lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection, 'As for us, we
were heedless of this,' or lest you say, 'Our fathers were idolaters aforetime, and
we were seed after them. What, wilt Thou then destroy us for the deeds of the
vain-doers?'
So We distinguish the signs; and haply they will return.

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And recite to them the tiding of him to whom We gave Our signs, but he cast
them off; and Satan followed after him, and he became one of the perverts.
7:175 And had We willed, We would have raised him up thereby; but he inclined
towards the earth and followed his lust. So the likeness of him is as the likeness
of a dog; if thou attackest it it lolls its tongue out, or if thou leavest it, it lolls its
tongue out. That is that people's likeness who cried lies to Our signs. So relate
the story; haply they will reflect. An evil likeness is the likeness of the people who
cried lies to Our signs, and themselves were wronging.
Whomsoever God guides, he is rightly guided;
and whom He leads astray -- they are the losers.
We have created for Gehenna many jinn and men:
they have hearts, but understand not with them;
they have eyes, but perceive not with them;
they have ears, but they hear not with them.
They are like cattle; nay, rather they are further astray.
Those -- they are the heedless.
To God belong the Names Most Beautiful; so call Him by them, and leave those
who blaspheme His Names -- they shall assuredly be recompensed for the things
they did.
7:180 Of those We created are a nation who guide by the truth, and by it act with
justice. And those who cry lies to Our signs We will draw them on little by little
whence they know not; and I respite them -- assuredly My guile is sure. Have
they not reflected? No madness is in their comrade; he is naught but a plain
warner. Or have they not considered the dominion of the heaven and of the earth,
and what things God has created, and that it may be their term is already nigh?
In what manner of discourse then will they after this believe?
7:185 Whomsoever God leads astray, no guide he has; He leaves them in their
insolence blindly wandering.
They will question thee concerning the Hour, when it shall berth. Say: 'The
knowledge of it is only with my Lord; none shall reveal it at its proper time, but He.
Heavy is it in the heavens and the earth; it will not come on you but -- suddenly!'
They will question thee, as though thou art well-informed of it. Say: 'The
knowledge of it is only with God, but most men know not.' Say: 'I have no power
to profit for myself; or hurt, but as God will. Had I knowledge of the Unseen I
would have acquired much good, and evil would not have touched me. I am only
a warner, and a bearer of good tidings, to a people believing.'

117

It is He who created you out of one living soul, and made of him his spouse that
he might rest in her. Then, when he covered her, she bore a light burden and
passed by with it; but when it became heavy they cried to God their Lord, 'If Thou
givest us a righteous son, we indeed shall be of the thankful.'
7:190 Thereafter, when He gave them a righteous son, they assigned Him
associates in that He had given them; but God is high exalted above that they
associate. What, do they associate that which creates nothing and themselves
are created, and that have no power to help them, neither they help themselves?
If you call them to guidance they will not follow you; equal it is to you whether you
call them, or whether you are silent. Those on whom you call apart from God, are
servants the likes of you; call them and let them answer you, if you speak truly.
What, have they feet wherewith they walk, or have they hands wherewith they lay
hold, or have they eyes wherewith they see, or have they ears wherewith they
give ear? Say: 'Call you then to your associates; then try your guile on me, and
give me no respite.
7:195 My Protector is God who sent down the Book, and He takes into His
protection the righteous. And those on whom you call, apart from God, have no
power to help you, neither they help themselves.'
If you call them to the guidance they do not hear;
and thou seest them looking at thee, unperceiving.
Take the abundance, and bid to what is honourable,
and turn away from the ignorant. If a provocation
from Satan should provoke thee, seek refuge in God;
He is All-hearing, All-seeing.
7:200 The godfearing, when a visitation of Satan troubles them, remember, and
then see clearly; and their brothers they lead on into error, then they stop not
short. And when thou bringest them not a sign, they say, 'Why hast thou not
chosen one?' Say: 'I follow only what is revealed to me from my Lord; this is clear
testimony from your Lord, guidance, and mercy for a people of believers.'
And when the Koran is recited, give you ear to it and be silent; haply so you will
find mercy.
Remember thy Lord in thy soul, humbly and fearfully, not loud of voice, at morn
and eventide. Be not thou among the heedless.
7:205 Surely those who are with thy Lord wax not too proud to serve Him; they
chant His praise, and to Him they bow.

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VIII

THE SPOILS

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


8:1 They will question thee concerning the spoils. Say: 'The spoils belong to God
and the Messenger; so fear you God, and set things right between you, and obey
you God and His Messenger, if you are believers.'
Those only are believers who, when God is mentioned, their hearts quake, and
when His signs are recited to them, it increases them in faith, and in their Lord
they put their trust, those who perform the prayer, and expend of what We have
provided them, those in truth are the believers; they have degrees with their Lord,
and forgiveness, and generous provision.
8:5 As thy Lord brought thee forth from thy house with the truth, and a part of the
believers were averse to it, disputing with thee concerning the truth after it had
become clear, as though they were being driven into death with their eyes wide
open.
And when God promised you one of the two parties should be yours, and you
were wishing that the one not accoutred should be yours; but God was desiring to
verify the truth by His words, and to cut off the unbelievers to the last remnant,
and that He might verify the truth and prove untrue the untrue, though the sinners
were averse to it.
When you were calling upon your Lord for succour, and He answered you, 'I shall
reinforce you with a thousand angels riding behind you.'
8:10 God wrought this not, save as good tidings and that your hearts thereby
might be at rest; help comes only from God; surely God is All-mighty, All-wise.
When He was causing slumber to overcome you as a security from Him, and
sending down on you water from heaven, to purify you thereby, and to put away
from you the defilement of Satan, and to strengthen your hearts, and to confirm
your feet.
When thy Lord was revealing to the angels, 'I am with you; so confirm the
believers. I shall cast into the unbelievers' hearts terror; so smite above the
necks, and smite every finger of them!'

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That, because they had made a breach with God and with His Messenger; and
whosoever makes a breach with God and with His Messenger, surely God is
terrible in retribution.
That for you; therefore taste it; and that the chastisement of the Fire is for the
unbelievers.
8:15 O believers, when you encounter the unbelievers marching to battle, turn not
your backs to them. Whoso turns his back that day to them, unless withdrawing to
fight again or removing to join another host, he is laden with the burden of God's
anger, and his refuge is Gehenna -- an evil homecoming!
You did not slay them, but God slew them; and when thou threwest, it was not
thyself that threw, but God threw, and that He might confer on the believers a fair
benefit; surely God is All-hearing, All-knowing.
That for you; and that God weakens the unbelievers' guile.
If victory you are seeking, victory has already come upon you; and if you give
over, it is better for you. But if you return, We shall return, and your host will avail
you nothing though it be numerous; and that God is with the believers.
8:20 O believers, obey God and His Messenger, and do not turn away from Him,
even as you are listening; and be not as those who say, 'We hear,' and they hear
not.
Surely the worst of beasts in God's sight are those that are deaf and dumb and
do not understand.
If God had known of any good in them He would have made them hear; and if He
had made them hear, they would have turned away, swerving aside.
O believers, respond to God and the Messenger when He calls you unto that
which will give you life; and know that God stands between a man and his heart,
and that to Him you shall be mustered.
8:25 And fear a trial which shall surely not smite in particular the evildoers among
you; and know that God is terrible in retribution.
And remember when you were few and abased in the land, and were fearful that
the people would snatch you away; but He gave you refuge, and confirmed you
with His help, and provided you with the good things, that haply you might be

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thankful. O believers, betray not God and the Messenger, and betray not your
trusts and that wittingly; and know that your wealth and your children are a trial,
and that with God is a mighty wage.
O believers, if you fear God, He will assign you a salvation, and acquit you of your
evil deeds, and forgive you; and God is of bounty abounding.
8:30 And when the unbelievers were devising against thee, to confine thee, or
slay thee, or to expel thee, and were devising, and God was devising; and God is
the best of devisers.
And When Our signs were being recited to them, they said, 'We have already
heard; if we wished, we could say the like of this; this is naught but the fairy-tales
of the ancients.'
And when they said, 'O God, if this be indeed the truth from Thee, then rain down
upon us stones out of heaven, or bring us a painful chastisement.'
But God would never chastise them, with thee among them; God would never
chastise them as they begged forgiveness. But what have they now, that God
should not chastise them, when they are barring from the Holy Mosque, not being
its protectors? Its only protectors are the godfearing; but most of them know not.
And their prayer at the House is nothing but a whistling and a clapping of hands -therefore taste you now the chastisement for your unbelief!
8:35 The unbelievers expend their wealth to bar from God's way, and still they will
expend it, till it is an anguish for them, then be overthrown, and the unbelievers
will be mustered into Gehenna, that God may distinguish the corrupt from the
good, and place the corrupt one upon another, and so heap them up all together,
and put them in Gehenna; those are the losers.
Say to the unbelievers, if they give over He will forgive them what is past; but if
they return, the wont of the ancients is already gone!
8:40 Fight them, till there is no persecution and the religion is God's entirely; then
if they give over, surely God sees the things they do; but if they turn away, know
that God is your Protector -- an excellent Protector, an excellent Helper!
Know that, whatever booty you take, the fifth of it is God's, and the Messenger's,
and the near kinsman's, and the orphans', and for the needy, and the traveller, if
you believe in God and that We sent down upon Our servant on the day of
salvation, the day the two hosts encountered; and God is powerful over

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everything; when you were on the nearer bank, and they were on the farther
bank, and the cavalcade was below you; and had you made tryst together, you
would have surely failed the tryst; but that God might determine a matter that was
done, that whosoever perished might perish by a clear sign, and by a clear sign
he might live who lived; and surely God is All-hearing, All-knowing.
8:45 When God showed thee them in thy dream as few; and had He shown them
as many you would have lost heart, and quarrelled about the matter; but God
saved; He knows the thoughts in the breasts.
When God showed you them in your eyes as few, when you encountered, and
made you few in their eyes, that God might determine a matter that was done;
and unto God all matters are returned.
O believers, whensoever you encounter a host, then stand firm, and remember
God frequently; haply so you will prosper. And obey God, and His Messenger,
and do not quarrel together, and so lose heart, and your power depart; and be
patient; surely God is with the patient.
Be not as those who went forth from their habitations swaggering boastfully to
show off to men, and barring from God's way; and God encompasses the things
they do.
8:50 And when Satan decked out their deeds fair to them, and said, 'Today no
man shall overcome you, for I shall be your neighbour.' But when the two hosts
sighted each other, he withdrew upon his heels, saying, 'I am quit of you; for I see
what you do not see.
I fear God; and God is terrible in retribution.'
When the hypocrites, and those in whose hearts was sickness, said, 'Their
religion has deluded them'; but whosoever puts his trust in God, surely God is Allmighty, All-wise.
If thou couldst only see when the angels take the unbelievers, beating their faces
and their backs: 'Taste the chastisement of the burning -- that, for what your
hands have forwarded, and for that God is never unjust unto His servants.'
Like Pharaoh's folk, and the people before him, who disbelieved in God's signs;
God seized them because of their sins; God is strong, terrible in retribution.

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8:55 That is because God would never change His favour that He conferred on a
people until they changed what was within themselves; and that God is Allhearing, All-knowing.
Like Pharaoh's folk, and the people before him, who cried lies to the signs of their
Lord, so We destroyed them because of their sins, and We drowned the folk of
Pharaoh; and all were evildoers.
Surely the worst of beasts in God's sight are the unbelievers, who will not believe,
those of them with whom thou hast made compact then they break their compact
every time, not being godfearing. So, if thou comest upon them anywhere in the
war, deal with them in such wise as to scatter the ones behind them; haply they
will remember.
8:60 And if thou fearest treachery any way at the hands of a people, dissolve it
with them equally; surely God loves not the treacherous.
And thou art not to suppose that they who disbelieve have outstripped Me; they
cannot frustrate My will.
Make ready for them whatever force and strings of horses you can, to terrify
thereby the enemy of God and your enemy, and others besides them that you
know not; God knows them. And whatsoever you expend in the way of God shall
be repaid you in full; you will not be wronged. And if they incline to peace, do thou
incline to it; and put thy trust in God; He is the All-hearing, the All-knowing.
And if they desire to trick thee, God is sufficient for thee; He has confirmed thee
with His help, and with the believers, and brought their hearts together. Hadst
thou expended all that is in the earth, thou couldst not have brought their hearts
together; but God brought their hearts together; surely He is All-mighty, All-wise.
8:65 O Prophet, God suffices thee, and the believers who follow thee.
O Prophet, urge on the believers to fight. If there be twenty of you, patient men,
they will overcome two hundred; if there be a hundred of you, they will overcome
a thousand unbelievers, for they are a people who understand not.
Now God has lightened it for you, knowing that there is weakness in you. If there
be a hundred of you, patient men, they will overcome two hundred; if there be of
you a thousand, they will overcome two thousand by the leave of God; God is
with the patient.

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It is not for any Prophet to have prisoners until he make wide slaughter in the
land. You desire the chance goods of the present world, and God desires the
world to come; and God is All-mighty, All-wise.
Had it not been for a prior prescription from God, there had afflicted you, for what
you took, a mighty chastisement.
8:70 Eat of what you have taken as booty, such as is lawful and good; and fear
you God; surely God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
O Prophet, say to the prisoners in your hands: 'If God knows of any good in your
hearts He will give you better than what has been taken from you, and He will
forgive you; surely God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.'
And if they desire treachery against thee, they have tricked God before; but He
has given thee power over them; and God is All-knowing, All-wise.
Those who believe, and have emigrated and struggled with their possessions and
their selves in the way of God, and those who have given refuge and help -- those
are friends one of another. And those who believe, but have not emigrated -- you
have no duty of friendship towards them till they emigrate; yet if they ask you for
help, for religion's sake, it is your duty to help them, except against a people
between whom and you there is a compact; and God sees the things you do.
As for the unbelievers, they are friends one of another. Unless you do this, there
will be persecution in the land and great corruption.
8:75 And those who believe, and have emigrated and struggled in the way of
God. Those who have given refuge and help those in truth are the believers, and
theirs shall be forgiveness and generous provision. And those who have believed
afterwards and emigrated, and struggled with you -- they belong to you; but those
related by blood are nearer to one another in the Book of God; surely God has
knowledge of everything.
IX

REPENTANCE

9:1 An acquittal, from God and His Messenger, unto the idolaters with whom you
made covenant: 'Journey freely in the land for four months; and know that you
cannot frustrate the will of God, and that God degrades the unbelievers.'

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A proclamation, from God and His Messenger, unto mankind on the day of the
Greater Pilgrimage: 'God is quit, and His Messenger, of the idolaters. So if you
repent, that will be better for you; but if you turn your backs; know that you cannot
frustrate the will of God.
And give thou good tidings to the unbelievers of a painful chastisement; excepting
those of the idolaters with whom you made covenant, then they failed you naught
neither lent support to any man against you. With them fulfil your covenant till
their term; surely God loves the godfearing.
9:5 Then, when the sacred months are drawn away, slay the idolaters wherever
you find them, and take them, and confine them, and lie in wait for them at every
place of ambush. But if they repent, and perform the prayer, and pay the alms,
then let them go their way; God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate. And if any of
the idolaters seeks of thee protection, grant him protection till he hears the words
of God; then do thou convey him to his place of security --that, because they are
a people who do not know.
How should the idolaters have a covenant with God and His Messenger? -excepting those with whom you made covenant at the Holy Mosque; so long as
they go straight with you, do you go straight with them; surely God loves the
godfearing.
How? If they get the better of you, they will not observe towards you any bond or
treaty, giving you satisfaction with their mouths but in their hearts refusing; and
the most of them are ungodly.
They have sold the signs of God for a small price, and have barred from His way;
truly evil is that they have been doing,
9:10 observing neither bond nor treaty towards a believer; they are the
transgressors. Yet if they repent, and perform the prayer, and pay the alms, then
they are your brothers in religion; and We distinguish the signs for a people who
know.
But if they break their oaths after their covenant and thrust at your religion, then
fight the leaders of unbelief; they have no sacred oaths; haply they will give over.
Will you not fight a people who broke their oaths and purposed to expel the
Messenger, beginning the first time against you? Are you afraid of them? You
would do better to be afraid of God, if you are believers.

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Fight them, and God will chastise them at your hands and degrade them, and He
will help you against them, and bring healing to the breasts of a people who
believe,
9:15 and He will remove the rage within their hearts; and God turns towards
whomsoever He will; God is All-knowing, All-wise
Or did you suppose you would be left in peace, and God knows not as yet those
of you who have struggled, and taken not -- apart from God and His Messenger
and the believers -- any intimate? God is aware of what you do.
It is not for the idolaters to inhabit God's places of worship, witnessing against
themselves unbelief; those -- their works have failed them, and in the Fire they
shall dwell forever. Only he shall inhabit God's places of worship who believes in
God and the Last Day, and performs the prayer, and pays the alms, and fears
none but God alone; it may be that those will be among the guided.
Do you reckon the giving of water to pilgrims and the inhabiting of the Holy
Mosque as the same as one who believes in God and the Last Day and struggles
in the way of God? Not equal are they in God's sight; and God guides not the
people of the evildoers.
9:20 Those who believe, and have emigrated, and have struggled in the way of
God with their possessions and their selves are mightier in rank with God; and
those -- they are the triumphant; their Lord gives them good tidings of mercy from
Him and good pleasure; for them await gardens wherein is lasting bliss, therein to
dwell forever and ever; surely with God is a mighty wage.
O believers, take not your fathers and brothers to be your friends, if they prefer
unbelief to belief; whosoever of you takes them for friends, those -- they are the
evildoers.
Say: 'If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your clan, your
possessions that you have gained, commerce you fear may slacken, dwellings
you love -- if these are dearer to you than God and His Messenger, and to
struggle in His way, then wait till God brings His command; God guides not the
people of the ungodly.'
9:25 God has already helped you on many fields, and on the day of Hunain, when
your multitude was pleasing to you, but it availed you naught, and the land for all
its breadth was strait for you, and you turned about, retreating.

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Then God sent down upon His Messenger His Shechina, and upon the believers,
and He sent down legions you did not see, and He chastised the unbelievers; and
that is the recompense of the unbelievers; then God thereafter turns towards
whom He will; God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
O believers, the idolaters are indeed unclean; so let them not come near the Holy
Mosque after this year of theirs. If you fear poverty, God shall surely enrich you of
His bounty, if He will; God is All-knowing; All-wise.
Fight those who believe not in God and the Last Day and do not forbid what God
and His Messenger have forbidden -- such men as practise not the religion of
truth, being of those who have been given the Book -- until they pay the tribute
out of hand and have been humbled.
9:30 The Jews say, 'Ezra is the Son of God'; the Christians say, 'The Messiah is
the Son of God.' That is the utterance of their mouths, conforming with the
unbelievers before them. God assail them! How they are perverted!
They have taken their rabbis and their monks as lords apart from God, and the
Messiah, Mary's son -- and they were commanded to serve but One God; there is
no god but He; glory be to Him, above that they associate -- desiring to extinguish
with their mouths God's light; and God refuses but to perfect His light, though the
unbelievers be averse. It is He who has sent His Messenger with the guidance
and the religion of truth, that He may uplift it above every religion, though the
unbelievers be averse.
O believers, many of the rabbis and monks indeed consume the goods of the
people in vanity and bar from God's way. Those who treasure up gold and silver,
and do not expend them in the way of God -- give them the good tidings of a
painful chastisement,
9:35 the day they shall be heated in the fire of Gehenna and therewith their
foreheads and their sides and their backs shall be branded: 'This is the thing you
have treasured up for yourselves; therefore taste you now what you were
treasuring!'
The number of the months, with God, is twelve in the Book of God, the day that
He created the heavens and the earth; four of them are sacred. That is the right
religion. So wrong not each other during them. And fight the unbelievers totally
even as they fight you totally and know that God is with the godfearing.

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The month postponed is an increase of unbelief whereby the unbelievers go


astray; one year they make it profane, and hallow it another, to agree with the
number that God has hallowed, and so profane what God has hallowed. Decked
out fair to them are their evil deeds; and God guides not the people of the
unbelievers.
O believers, what is amiss with you, that when it is said to you, 'Go forth in the
way of God,' you sink down heavily to the ground? Are you so content with this
present life, rather than the world to come? Yet the enjoyment of this present life,
compared with the world to come, is a little thing.
If you go not forth, He will chastise you with a painful chastisement, and instead
of you He will substitute another people; and you will not hurt Him anything, for
God is powerful over everything.
9:40 If you do not help him, yet God has helped him already, when the
unbelievers drove him forth the second of two, when the two were in the Cave,
when he said to his companion, 'Sorrow not; surely God is with us.' Then God
sent down on him His Shechina, and confirmed him with legions you did not see;
and He made the word of the unbelievers the lowest; and God's word is the
uppermost; God is All-mighty, All-wise.
Go forth, light and heavy! Struggle in God's way with your possessions and your
selves; that is better for you, did you know.
Were it a gain near at hand, and an easy journey, they would have followed thee;
but the distance was too far for them. Still they will swear by God, 'Had we been
able, we would have gone out with you,' so destroying their souls; and God
knows that they are truly liars.
God pardon thee! Why gavest thou them leave, till it was clear to thee which of
them spoke the truth, and thou knewest the liars?
Those who believe in God and the Last Day ask not leave of thee, that they may
struggle with their possessions and their selves; and God knows the godfearing.
9:45 They only ask leave of thee who believe not in God and the Last Day, those
whose hearts are filled with doubt, so that in their doubt they go this way and that.
If they had desired to go forth, they would have made some preparation for it; but
God was averse that they should be aroused, so He made them pause, and it
was said to them, 'Tarry you with the tarriers.'

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Had they gone forth among you, they would only have increased you in trouble,
and run to and fro in your midst, seeking to stir up sedition between you; and
some of you would listen to them; and God knows the evildoers. They sought to
stir up sedition already before, and turned things upside down for thee, until the
truth came, and God's command appeared, though they were averse.
Some of them there are that say, 'Give me leave and do not tempt me.' Have not
such men fallen into temptation? And surely Gehenna encompasses the
unbelievers.
9:50 If good fortune befalls thee, it vexes them; but if thou art visited by an
affliction, they say, 'We took our dispositions before', and turn away, rejoicing.
Say: 'Naught shall visit us but what God has prescribed for us; He is our
Protector; in God let the believers put all their trust.'
Say: 'Are you awaiting for aught to come to us but one of the two rewards most
fair? We are awaiting in your case too, for God to visit you with chastisement from
Him, or at our hands; so await; we are awaiting with you.'
Say: 'Expend willingly, or unwillingly, it shall not be accepted from you; you are
surely a people ungodly.'
And naught prevents that their expendings should be accepted from them, but
that they believe not in God and His Messenger, and perform not the prayer save
lazily, and that they expend not without they are averse.
9:55 So let not their possessions or their children please thee; God only desires
thereby to chastise them in this present life, and that their souls should depart
while they are unbelievers. They swear by God that they belong with you, but
they are not of you they are a people that are afraid.
If they could find a shelter, or some caverns, or any place to creep into, they
would turn about and bolt away to it.
Some of them find fault with thee touching the freewill offerings; if they are given
a share of them they are well-pleased, but if they are given none then they are
angry.
O were they well-pleased with what God and His Messenger have brought them,
saying, 'Enough for us is God; God will bring us of His bounty, and His
Messenger; to God we humbly turn.'

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9:60 The freewill offerings are for the poor and needy, those who work to collect
them, those whose hearts are brought together, the ransoming of slaves, debtors,
in God's way, and the traveller; so God ordains; God is All-knowing, All-wise.
And some of them hurt the Prophet, saying, 'He is an ear!' Say: 'An ear of good
for you; he believes in God, and believes the believers, and he is a mercy to the
believers among you. Those who hurt God's Messenger -- for them awaits a
painful chastisement.'
They swear to you by God, to please you; but God and His Messenger -- more
right is it they should please Him, if they are believers.
Do they not know that whosoever opposes God and His Messenger -- for him
awaits the fire of Gehenna, therein to dwell forever? That is the mighty
degradation.
9:65 The hypocrites are afraid, lest a sura should be sent down against them,
telling thee what is in their hearts. Say: 'Mock on; God will bring forth what you
fear.'
And if thou questionest them, then assuredly they will say, 'We were only plunging
and playing.' Say: 'What, then were you mocking God, and His signs, and His
Messenger? Make no excuses. You have disbelieved after your believing. If We
forgive one party of you, We will chastise another party for that they were
sinners.'
The hypocrites, the men and the women, are as one another; they bid to
dishonour, and forbid honour; they keep their hands shut; they have forgotten
God, and He has forgotten them. The hypocrites -- they are the ungodly.
God has promised the hypocrites, men and women, and the unbelievers, the fire
of Gehenna, therein to dwell foreover. That is enough for them; God has cursed
them; and there awaits them a lasting chastisement.
9:70 Like those before you, who were stronger than you in might, and more
abundant in wealth and children; they took enjoyment in their share; so do you
take enjoyment in your share, as those before you took enjoyment in their share.
You have plunged as they plunged. Those -- their works have failed in this world
and in the world to come; those -- they are the losers.
Has there not come to you the tidings of those who were before you -- the people
of Noah, Ad, Thamood, the people of Abraham, the men of Midian and the

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subverted cities? Their Messengers came to them with the clear signs God would
not wrong them, but themselves they wronged.
And the believers, the men and the women, are friends one of the other; they bid
to honour, and forbid dishonour; they perform the prayer, and pay the alms, and
they obey God and His Messenger. Those -- upon them God will have mercy;
God is All-mighty, All-wise.
God has promised the believers, men and women, gardens underneath which
rivers flow, forever therein to dwell, and goodly dwelling-places in the Gardens of
Eden; and greater, God's good pleasure; that is the mighty triumph.
O Prophet, struggle with the unbelievers and hypocrites, and be thou harsh with
them; their refuge is Gehenna -- an evil homecoming!
9:75 They swear by God that they said nothing, but they indeed said the word of
unbelief and disbelieved, after they had surrendered. They purposed what they
never attained to, and they took revenge only that God enriched them, and His
Messenger, of His bounty. So if they repent it will be better for them; if they turn
away, God will chastise them with a painful chastisement in this world and the
next; on the earth they have no protector or helper.
And some of them have made covenant with God: 'If He gives us of His bounty,
we will make offerings and be of the righteous.' Nevertheless, when He gave
them of His bounty they were niggardly of it, and turned away, swerving aside. So
as a consequence He put hypocrisy into their hearts, until the day they meet Him,
for that they failed God in that they promised Him and they were liars.
Did they not know that God knows their secret and what they conspire together,
and that God knows the things unseen?
9:80 Those who find fault with the believers who volunteer their freewill offerings,
and those who find nothing but their endeavour they deride -- God derides them;
for them awaits a painful chastisement.
Ask pardon for them, or ask not pardon for them; if thou askest pardon for them
seventy times, God will not pardon them; that, because they disbelieved in God
and His Messenger; God guides not the people of the ungodly.
Those who were left behind rejoiced in tarrying behind the Messenger of God,
and were averse to struggle with their possessions and their selves in the way of
God. They said, 'Go not forth in the heat.' Say: 'Gehenna's fire is hotter, did they

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but understand.' Therefore let them laugh little, and weep much, in recompense
for what they have been earning. So, if God returns thee to a party of them and
they ask leave of thee to go forth, say:
'You shall not go forth with me ever, and you shall not fight with me any enemy.
You were well-pleased to tarry the first time, so now tarry with those behind.'
9:85 And pray thou never over any one of them when he is dead, nor stand over
his grave; they disbelieved in God and His Messenger, and died while they were
ungodly. And let not their possessions and their children please thee; God only
desires thereby to chastise them in this present world, and that their souls should
depart while they are unbelievers.
And when a sura is sent down, saying, 'Believe in God, and struggle with His
Messenger,' the affluent among them ask leave of thee, saying, 'Let us be with
the tarriers.'
They are well-pleased to be with those behind, and a seal has been set upon
their hearts, so the they understand not.
But Messenger, and the believers with him, have struggled with their possessions
and their selves, and those -- for them await the good things; those -- they are the
prosperers.
9:90 God has prepared for them gardens underneath which rivers flow, therein to
dwell forever; that is the mighty triumph.
And the Bedouins came with their excuses, asking for leave; those who lied to
God and His Messenger tarried; there shall befall the unbelievers of them a
painful chastisement.
There is no fault in the weak and the sick and those who find nothing to expend, if
they are true to God and to His Messenger. There is no way against the gooddoers -- God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate -- neither against those who,
when they came to thee, for thee to mount them, thou saidst to them, 'I find not
whereon to mount you'; they turned away, their eyes overflowing with tears of
sorrow, because they found nothing to expend.
The way is open only against those who ask leave of thee, being rich; they are
well-pleased to be with those behind; God has set a seal on their hearts, so they
know not.

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9:95 They will excuse themselves to you, when you return to them. Say: 'Do not
excuse yourselves; we will not believe you. God has already told us tidings of
you. God will surely see your work, and His Messenger, then you will be returned
to Him who knows the unseen and the visible, and He will tell you what you were
doing.'
They will swear to you by God, when you turn back to them, that you may turn
aside from them. So turn aside from them, for they are an abomination, and their
refuge is Gehenna -- a recompense for what they have been earning.
They will swear to you, that you may be well-pleased with them; but if you are
well-pleased with them, God will surely not be well-pleased with the people of the
ungodly.
The Bedouins are more stubborn in unbelief and hypocrisy, and apter not to know
the bounds of what God has sent down on His Messenger; and God is Allknowing, All-wise.
Some of the Bedouins take what they expend for a fine, and await the turns of
fortune to go against you. Theirs shall be the evil turn; God is All-hearing, Allknowing.
9:100 And some of the Bedouins believe in God and the Last Day, and take what
they expend for offerings bringing them near to God, and the prayers of the
Messenger. Surely they are an offering for them, and God will admit them into His
mercy; God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
And the Outstrippers, the first of the Emigrants and the Helpers, and those who
followed them in good-doing -- God will be well-pleased with them and they are
well-pleased with Him; and He has prepared for them gardens underneath which
rivers flow, therein to dwell forever and ever; that is the mighty triumph.
And some of the Bedouins who dwell around you are hypocrites; and some of the
people of the City are grown bold in hypocrisy. Thou knowest them not; but We
know them, and We shall chastise them twice, then they will be returned to a
mighty chastisement.
And other have confessed their sins; they have mixed a righteous deed with
another evil. It may be that God will turn towards them; God is All-forgiving, Allcompassionate. Take of their wealth a freewill offering, to purify them and to
cleanse them thereby, and pray for them; thy prayers are a comfort for them; God
is All-hearing, All-knowing.

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9:105 Do they not know that God is He who accepts repentance from His
servants, and takes the freewill offerings, and that God -- He turns, and is Allcompassionate?
Say: 'Work; and God will surely see your work, and His Messenger, and the
believers, and you will be returned to Him who knows the unseen and the visible,
and He will tell you what you were doing.' And others are deferred to God's
commandment, whether He chastises them, or turns towards them; God is Allknowing, All-wise.
And those who have taken a mosque in opposition and unbelief, and to divide the
believers, and as a place of ambush for those who fought God and His
Messenger aforetime -- they will swear 'We desired nothing but good'; and God
testifies they are truly liars.
Stand there never. A mosque that was founded upon godfearing from the first day
is worthier for thee to stand in; therein are men who love to cleanse themselves;
and God loves those who cleanse themselves.
9:110 Why, is he better who founded his building upon the fear of God and His
good pleasure, or he who founded his building upon the brink of a crumbling bank
that has tumbled with him into the fire of Gehenna? And God guides not the
people of the evildoers.
The buildings they have built will not cease to be a point of doubt within their
hearts, unless it be that their hearts are cut into pieces; God is All-knowing, Allwise.
God has bought from the believers their selves and their possessions against the
gift of Paradise; they fight in the way of God; they kill, and are killed; that is a
promise binding upon God in the Torah, and the Gospel, and the Koran; and who
fulfils his covenant truer than God? So rejoice in the bargain you have made with
Him; that is the mighty triumph.
Those who repent, those who serve, those who pray, those who journey, those
who bow, those who prostrate themselves, those who bid to honour and forbid
dishonour, those who keep God's hounds -- and give thou good tidings to the
believers.
It is not for the Prophet and the believers to ask pardon for the idolaters, even
though they be near kinsmen, after that it has become clear to them that they will
be the inhabitants of Hell.

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9:115 Abraham asked not pardon for his father except because of a promise he
had made to him; and when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of God,
he declared himself quit of him; Abraham was compassionate, clement.
God would never lead a people astray after that He has guided them, until He
makes clear to them as to what they should be godfearing; surely God knows
everything.
Surely to God belongs the kingdom of the heavens and of the earth; He gives life,
and makes to die; and you have not, apart from God, either protector or helper.
God has turned towards the Prophet and the Emigrants and the Helpers who
followed him in the hour of difficulty, after the hearts of a part of them well-nigh
swerved aside; then He turned towards them; surely He is Gentle to them, and
All-compassionate.
And to the three who were left behind, until, when the earth became strait for
them, for all its breadth, and their souls became strait for them, and they thought
that there was no shelter from God except in Him, then He turned towards them,
that they might also turn; surely God turns, and is All-compassionate.
9:120 O believers, fear God, and be with the truthful ones.
It is not for the people of the City and for the Bedouins who dwell around them to
stay behind God's Messenger, and to prefer their lives to his; that is because they
are smitten neither by thirst, nor fatigue, nor emptiness in the way of God, neither
tread they any tread enraging the unbelievers, nor gain any gain from any enemy,
but a righteous deed is thereby written to their account; God leaves not to waste
the wage of the good-doers.
Nor do they expend any sum, small or great, nor do they traverse any valley, but
it is written to their account, that God may recompense them the best of what they
were doing.
It is not for the believers to go forth totally; but why should not a party of every
section of them go forth, to become learned in religion, and to warn their people
when they return to them, that haply they may beware?
9:125 O believers, fight the unbelievers who are near to you; and let them find in
you a harshness; and know that God is with the godfearing.

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Whenever a sura is sent down to thee, some of them say, 'Which of you has this
increased in belief?' As for the believers, them it has increased in belief, and they
are joyful. But as for those in whose heart is sickness, them it has increased in
abomination added to their abomination, and they have died while they were
unbelievers. Do they not see that they are tried every year once or twice? Yet still
they do not repent, nor do they remember.
And whenever a sura is sent down, they look one at another: 'Does anyone see
you?' Then they turn away. God has turned away their hearts, for that they are a
people who do not understand.
Now there has come to you a Messenger from among yourselves; grievous to
him is your suffering; anxious is he over you, gentle to the believers,
compassionate.
9:130 So if they turn their backs, say: 'God is enough for me. There is no god but
He. In Him I have put my trust. He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne.'
X

JONAH

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


10:1 Alif Lam Ra Those are the signs of the Wise Book.
Was it a wonder to the people that We revealed to a man from among them:
'Warn the people, and give thou good tidings to the believers that they have a
sure footing with their Lord'? The unbelievers say, 'This is a manifest sorcerer.'
Surely your Lord is God, who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then
sat Himself upon the Throne, directing the affair. Intercessor there is none, save
after His leave that then is God, your Lord; so serve Him.
Will you not remember? To Him shall you return, all together -- God's promise, in
truth. He originates creation, then He brings it back again that He may
recompense those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, justly. And those
who disbelieve -- for them awaits a draught of boiling water, and a painful
chastisement, for their disbelieving.
10:5 It is He who made the sun a radiance, and the moon a light, and determined
it by stations, that you might know the number of the years and the reckoning.

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God created that not save with the truth, distinguishing the signs to a people who
know.
In the alternation of night and day, and what God has created in the heavens and
the earth -- surely there are signs for a godfearing people.
Surely those who look not to encounter Us and are well-pleased with the present
life and are at rest in it, and those who are heedless of Our signs, those -- their
refuge is the Fire, for that they have been earning. Surely those who believe, and
do deeds of righteousness, their Lord will guide them for their belief; beneath
them rivers flowing in gardens of bliss;
10:10 their cry therein, 'Glory to Thee, O God,' their greeting, 'Peace,' and their
cry ends, 'Praise belongs to God, the Lord of all Being.'
If God should hasten unto men evil as they would hasten good, their term would
be already decided for them. But We leave those, who look not to encounter Us,
in their insolence wandering blindly.
When affliction visits a man, he calls Us on his side, or sitting, or standing; but
when We have removed his affliction from him, he passes on, as if he never
called Us to an affliction that visited him. So decked out fair to the prodigal is that
they have been doing.
We destroyed the generations before you when they did evil, and their
Messengers came to them with the clear signs, but they would not believe; so We
recompense the people of the sinners.
10:15 Then We appointed you viceroys in the earth after them, that We might
behold how you would do.
And when Our signs are recited to them, clear signs, those who look not to
encounter Us say, 'Bring a Koran other than this, or alter it.' Say: 'It is not for me
to alter it of my own accord. I follow nothing, except what is revealed to me. Truly
I fear, if I should rebel against my Lord, the chastisement of a dreadful day.'
Say: 'Had God willed I would not have recited it to you, neither would He have
taught you it; I abode among you a lifetime before it -- will you not understand?'
And who does greater evil than he who forges against God a lie, or cries lies to
His signs? Surely the sinners do not prosper. They serve, apart from God, what
hurts them not neither profits them, and they say, 'These are our intercessors with

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God.' Say: 'Will you tell God what He knows not either in the heavens or in the
earth?' Glory be to Him! High be He exalted above that they associate!
10:20 Mankind were only one nation, then they fell into variance. But for a word
that preceded from thy Lord, it had been decided between them already touching
their differences.
They say, 'Why has a sign not been sent down upon him from his Lord?' Say:
'The Unseen belongs only to God. Then watch and wait; I shall be with you
watching and waiting.' When We let the people taste mercy after hardship has
visited them, lo, they have a device concerning Our signs. Say: 'God is swifter at
devising; surely Our messengers are writing down what you are devising.'
It is He who conveys you on the land and the sea; and when you are in the ship -and the ships run with them with a fair breeze, and they rejoice in it, there comes
upon them a strong wind, and waves come on them from every side, and they
think they are encompassed; they call upon God, making their religion His
sincerely: 'If Thou deliverest us from these, surely we shall be among the
thankful.'
Nevertheless when He has delivered them behold, they are insolent in the earth,
wrongfully. O men, your insolence is only against yourselves; the enjoyment of
this present life, then unto Us you shall return, then We shall tell you what you
were doing.
10:25 The likeness of this present life is as water that We send down out of
heaven, and the plants of the earth mingle with it whereof men and cattle eat, till,
when the earth has taken on its glitter and has decked itself fair, and its
inhabitants think they have power over it, Our command comes upon it by night or
day, and We make it stubble, as though yesterday it flourished not. Even so We
distinguish the signs for a people who reflect.
And God summons to the Abode of Peace, and He guides whomsoever He will to
a straight path; to the good-doers the reward most fair and a surplus; neither dust
nor abasement shall overspread their faces.
Those are the inhabitants of Paradise, therein dwelling forever. And for those who
have earned evil deeds the recompense of an evil deed shall be the like of it;
abasement shall overspread them, neither have they any defender from God, as
if their faces were covered with strips of night shadowy. Those are the inhabitants
of the Fire, therein dwelling forever.

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And the day We shall muster them all, then We shall say to those who associate
other gods with God: 'Get you to your place, you and your associates!' Then We
shall set a space between them, and their associates
10:30 will say, 'Not us you were serving. God is a sufficient witness between us
and you; assuredly we were heedless of your service.'
There every soul shall prove its past deeds; and they shall be restored to God,
their Protector, the True, and there shall go astray from them that they were
forging.
Say: 'Who provides you out of heaven and earth, or who possesses hearing and
sight, and who brings forth the living from the dead and brings forth the dead from
the living, and who directs the affair?'
They will surely say, 'God.' Then say: 'Will you not be godfearing?' That then is
God, your Lord, the True; what is there, after truth, but error? Then how are you
turned about? Thus the word of thy Lord is realized against the ungodly that they
believe not.
10:35 Say: 'Is there any of your associates who originates creation, then brings it
back again?'
Say: 'God -- He originates creation, then brings it back again; so how are you
perverted?'
Say: 'Is there any of your associates who guides to the truth?'
Say: 'God -- He guides to the truth; and which is worthier to be followed -- He who
guides to the truth, or he who guides not unless he is guided? What then ails you,
how you judge?' And the most of them follow only surmise, and surmise avails
naught against truth. Surely God knows the things they do.
This Koran could not have been forged apart from God; but it is a confirmation of
what is before it, and a distinguishing of the Book, wherein is no doubt, from the
Lord of all Being.
Or do they say, 'Why, he has forged it'? Say: 'Then produce a sura like it, and call
on whom you can, apart from God, if you speak truly.'

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10:40 No; but they have cried lies to that whereof they comprehended not the
knowledge, and whose interpretation has not yet come to them. Even so those
that were before them cried lies; then behold how was the end of the evildoers!
And some of them believe in it, and some believe not in it. Thy Lord knows very
well those who do corruption. If they cry lies to thee, then do thou say: 'I have my
work, and you have your work; you are quit of what I do, and I am quit of what
you do.'
And some of them give ear to thee; what, wilt thou make the deaf to hear, though
they understand not? And some of them look unto thee; what, wilt thou then guide
the blind, though they do not see?
10:45 Surely God wrongs not men anything, but themselves men wrong.
And the day He shall muster them, as if they had not tarried but an hour of the
day, mutually recognizing one another; lost will be those who cried lies to the
encounter with God, and were not guided.
Whether We show thee a part of that We promise them, or We call thee unto Us,
to Us they shall return; then God is witness of the things they do
Every nation has its Messenger; then, when their Messenger comes, justly the
issue is decided between them, and they are not wronged.
They say, 'When will this promise be, if you speak truly?'
10:50 Say: 'I have no power to profit for myself, or hurt, but as God will. To every
nation a term; when their term comes they shall not put it back by a single hour
nor put it forward.'
Say: 'Have you considered? If His chastisement comes upon you by night or day,
what part of it will the sinners seek to hasten? What, when it has come to pass,
will you then believe in it? Now, when already you seek to hasten it!'
Then it will be said to the evildoers: 'Taste the chastisement of eternity! Are you
recompensed for aught but that you have been earning?' They ask thee to tell
them, 'Is it true?' Say: 'Yes, by my Lord! It is true; you cannot frustrate Him.'
10:55 If every soul that has done evil possessed all that is in the earth, he would
offer it for his ransom; and they will be secretly remorseful when they see the
chastisement, and justly the issue is decided between them, and they are not

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wronged. Why, surely to God belongs everything that is in the heavens and earth.
Why, surely God's promise is true; but the most of them have no knowledge He
gives life, and makes to die, and to Him you shall be returned.
O men, now there has come to you
an admonition from your Lord, and
a healing for what is in the breasts,
and a guidance, and a mercy to the believers.
Say: 'In the bounty of God, and His mercy -in that let them rejoice; it is better than
that they amass.
10:60 Say: 'Have you considered the provision God has sent down for you, and
you have made some of it unlawful, and some lawful?'
Say: 'Has God given you leave, or do you forge against God?'
What will they think, who forge falsehood against God; on the Day of
Resurrection? God is bountiful to men; but most of them are not thankful.
Thou art not upon any occupation, neither recitest thou any Koran of it, nor do
you any work, without that We are witnesses over you when you press on it; and
not so much as the weight of an ant in earth or heaven escapes from thy Lord,
neither is aught smaller than that, or greater, but in a Manifest Book.
Surely God's friends -- no fear shall be on them, neither shall they sorrow. Those
who believe, and are godfearing -10:65 for them is good tidings in the present life and in the world to come. There
is no changing the words of God; that is the mighty triumph.
And do not let their saying grieve thee; the glory belongs altogether to God; He is
the All-hearing, the All-knowing. Why, surely to God belongs everyone that is in
the heavens and in the earth; they follow, who call upon associates, apart from
God -- they follow nothing but surmise, merely conjecturing.
It is He who made for you the night to repose in it, and the day, to see; surely in
that are signs for a people who have ears.
They say, 'God has taken to Him a son. Glory be to Him! He is All-sufficient; to
Him belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth; you have no authority for
this. What, do you say concerning God that you know not?

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10:70 Say: 'Those who forge against God falsehood shall not prosper. Some
enjoyment in this world; then unto Us they shall return; then We shall let them
taste the terrible chastisement, for that they were unbelievers.
And recite to them the story of Noah when he said to his people, 'My people, if my
standing here is grievous to you and my reminding you of the signs of God, in
God have I put my trust; so resolve on your affair, with your associates, then let
not your affair be a worry to you, but make decision unto me, and respite me not.
Then if you turn your backs, I have not asked you for any wage; my wage falls
only on God, and I have been commanded to be of those that surrender.'
But they cried him lies; so We delivered him, and those with him, in the Ark, and
We appointed them as viceroys, and We drowned those who cried lies to Our
signs; then behold how was the end of them that were warned!
10:75 Then We sent forth, after him, Messengers to their people, and they
brought them the clear signs; but they were not men to believe in that they had
cried lies to before. So We seal the hearts of the transgressors.
Then We sent forth, after them, Moses and Aaron to Pharaoh and his Council
with Our signs, but they waxed proud, and were a sinful people.
So, when the truth came to them from Us, they said, 'Surely this is a manifest
sorcery.' Moses said, 'What, do you say this to the truth, when it has come to
you? Is this a sorcery? But sorcerers do not prosper.'
They said, 'Art thou come to us to turn us from that we found our fathers
practising, and that the domination in the land might belong to you two? We do
not believe you.
10:80 Pharaoh said, 'Bring me every cunning sorcerer.' Then, when the sorcerers
came, Moses said to them, 'Cast you down what you will cast.'
Then, when they had cast, Moses said, 'What you have brought is sorcery; God
will assuredly bring it to naught. God sets not right the work of those who do
corruption. God verifies the truth by His words, though sinners be averse.'
So none believed in Moses, save a seed of his people, for fear of Pharaoh and
their Council, that they would persecute them; and Pharaoh was high in the land,
and he was one of the prodigals. Moses said, 'O my people, if you believe in God,
in Him put your trust, if you have surrendered.'

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10:85 They said, 'In God we have put our trust. Our Lord, make us not a
temptation to the people of the evildoers, and deliver us by Thy mercy from the
people of the unbelievers.'
And We revealed to Moses and his brother, 'Take you, for your people, in Egypt
certain houses; and make your houses a direction for men to pray to; and perform
the prayer; and do thou give good tidings to the believers.'
Moses said, 'Our Lord, Thou hast given to Pharaoh and his Council adornment
and possessions in this present life. Our Lord, let them go astray from Thy way;
Our Lord, obliterate their possessions, and harden their hearts so that they do not
believe, till they see the painful chastisement.'
He said, 'Your prayer is answered; so go you straight, and follow not the way of
those that know not.'
10:90 And We brought the Children of Israel over the sea; and Pharaoh and his
hosts followed them insolently and impetuously till, when the drowning overtook
him, he said, 'I believe that there is no god but He in whom the Children of Israel
believe; I am of those that surrender.'
'Now? And before thou didst rebel, being of those that did corruption. So today
We shall deliver thee with thy body, that thou mayest be a sign to those after
thee. Surely many men are heedless of Our signs.'
And We settled the Children of Israel in a sure settlement, and We provided them
with good things; so they differed not until the knowledge came to them. Surely
thy Lord will decide between them on the Day of Resurrection touching their
differences.
So, if thou art in doubt regarding what We have sent down to thee, ask those who
recite the Book before thee. The truth has come to thee from thy Lord; so be not
of the doubters, nor be of those who cry lies to God's signs so as to be of the
losers.
10:95 Those against whom thy Lord's word is realized will not believe, though
every sign come to them, till they see the painful chastisement.
Why was there never a city that believed, and its belief profited it? -- Except the
people of Jonah; when they believed, We removed from them the chastisement of
degradation in this present life, and We gave unto them enjoyment for a time.

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10:100 And if thy Lord had willed, whoever is in the earth would have believed, all
of them, all together. Wouldst thou then constrain the people, until they are
believers? It is not for any soul to believe save by the leave of God; and He lays
abomination upon those who have no understanding. Say: 'Behold what is in the
heavens and in the earth!' But neither signs nor warnings avail a people who do
not believe. So do they watch and wait for aught but the like of the days of those
who passed away before them?
Say: 'Then watch and wait; I shall be with you watching and waiting.'
Then We shall deliver Our Messengers and the believers. Even so, as is Our
bounden duty, We shall deliver the believers.
Say: 'O men, if you are in doubt regarding my religion, I serve not those you serve
apart from God, but I serve God, who will gather you to Him, and I am
commanded to be of the believers, and:
10:105 "Set thy face to the religion, a man of pure faith, and be thou not of the
idolaters; and do not call, apart from God, on that which neither profits nor hurts
thee, for if thou dost, then thou wilt surely be of the evildoers. And if God visits
thee with affliction, none can remove it but He; and if He desires any good for
thee, none can repel His bounty; He causes it to fall upon whomsoever He will of
His servants." He is the All-forgiving, the All-compassionate.'
Say: 'O men, the truth has come to you from your Lord. Whosoever is guided is
guided only to his own gain, and whosoever goes astray, it is only to his own loss.
I am not a guardian over you.
And follow thou what is revealed to thee; and be thou patient until God shall
judge; and He is the best of judges.
XI

HOOD

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


Alif Lam Ra
11:1 A Book whose verses are set clear, and then distinguished, from One Allwise, All-aware: 'Serve you none but God' (I am to you a warner from Him and a
bearer of good tidings) and: 'Ask forgiveness of your Lord, then repent to Him,

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and He will give you fair enjoyment unto a term stated, and He will give of His
bounty to every man of grace. But if you should turn your backs I fear for you the
chastisement of a mighty day; to God shall you return; He is powerful over
everything.'
11:5 Behold, they fold their breasts, to hide them from Him; behold, when they
wrap themselves in their garments He knows what they secrete and what they
publish; surely He knows all the thoughts within the breasts.
No creature is there crawling on the earth, but its provision rests on God; He
knows its lodging-place and its repository. All is in a Manifest Book.
And it is He who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and His Throne
was upon the waters -- that He might try you, which one of you is fairer in works.
11:10 And if thou sayest, 'you shall surely be raised up after death,' the
unbelievers will say, 'This is naught but a manifest sorcery.' And if We postpone
the chastisement from them till a reckoned moment they will say 'What is
detaining it?' Surely, the day it shall come to them, it shall not be turned aside
from them, and they shall be encompassed by that they mocked at. And if We let
a man taste mercy from Us, and then We wrest it from him, he is desperate,
ungrateful. But if We let him taste prosperity after hardship that has visited him,
he will say, 'The evils have gone from me'; behold, he is joyous, boastful -- save
such as are patient, and do deeds of righteousness; for them awaits forgiveness
and a mighty wage.
11:15 Perchance thou art leaving part of what is revealed to thee, and thy breast
is straitened by it, because they say, 'Why has a treasure not been sent down
upon him, or an angel not come with him?' Thou art only a warner; and God is a
Guardian over everything.
Or do they say, 'He has forged it'? Say: 'Then bring you ten suras the like of it,
forged; and call upon whom you are able, apart from God, if you speak truly.'
Then, if they do not answer you, know that it has been sent down with God's
knowledge, and that there is no god but He. So have you surrendered?
Whoso desires the present life and its adornment, We will pay them in full for their
works therein, and they shall not be defrauded there; those are they for whom in
the world to come there is only the Fire; their deeds there will have failed, and
void will be their works.

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11:20 And what of him who stands upon a clear sign from his Lord, and a witness
from Him recites it, and before him is the Book of Moses for an ensample and a
mercy? Those believe in it; but whosoever disbelieves in it, being one of the
partisans, his promised land is the Fire. So be thou not in doubt of it; it is the truth
from thy Lord, but most men do not believe.
And who does greater evil than he who forges against God a lie? Those shall be
presented before their Lord, and the witnesses will say, 'Those are they who lied
against their Lord.' Surely the curse of God shall rest upon the evildoers who bar
from God's way, desiring to make it crooked; they disbelieve in the world to come;
they are unable to frustrate Him on earth and they have no protectors, apart from
God. For them the chastisement shall be doubled; they could not hear, neither did
they see. Those are they that have lost their souls, and that they forged has gone
astray from them; they without doubt will be the greatest losers in the world to
come.
11:25 But those who believe, and do righteous deeds, and have humbled
themselves unto their Lord -- they shall be the inhabitants of Paradise, therein
dwelling forever. The likeness of the two parties is as the man blind and deaf, and
the man who sees and hears; are they equal in likeness? Will you not remember?
And We sent Noah to his people: 'I am for you a warner, and a bearer of good
tidings: Serve you none but God. I fear for you the chastisement of a painful day.'
Said the Council of the unbelievers of his people, 'We see thee not other than a
mortal like ourselves, and we see not any following thee but the vilest of us,
inconsiderately. We do not see you have over us any superiority; no, rather we
think you are liars.'
11:30 He said, 'O my people, what think you? If I stand upon a clear sign from my
Lord, and He has given me mercy from Him, and it has been obscured for you,
shall we compel you to it while you are averse to it? O my people, I do not ask of
you wealth for this; my wage falls only upon God. I will not drive away those who
believe; they shall surely meet their Lord. But I see you are an ignorant people. O
my people, who would help me against God, if I drive you away?
Will you not remember? I do not say to you, "I possess the treasuries of God"; I
know not the Unseen; and I do not say, "I am an angel." Nor do I say to those
your eyes despise, "God will not give them any good"; God knows best what is in
their hearts.
'Surely in that case I should be among the evildoers.'

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They said, 'Noah, thou hast disputed with us and make much disputation with us.
Then bring us that thou promisest us, if thou speakest truly.'
11:35 He said, 'God will bring you it if He will; you cannot frustrate Him. And my
sincere counsel will not profit you, if I desire to counsel you sincerely, if God
desires to pervert you; He is your Lord, and unto Him you shall be returned.' (Or
do they say, 'He has forged it'? Say: 'If I have forged it, upon me falls my sin; and
I am quit of the sins you do.') And it was revealed to Noah, saying, 'None of thy
people shall believe but he who has already believed; so be thou not distressed
by that they may be doing. Make thou the Ark under Our eyes, and as We reveal;
and address Me not concerning those who have done evil; they shall be
drowned.'
11:40 So he was making the Ark; and whenever a council of his people passed by
him they scoffed at him, He said, 'If you scoff at us, we shall surely scoff at you,
as you scoff and you shall know to whom will come a chastisement degrading
him, and upon whom there shall alight a lasting chastisement.' Until, when Our
command came, and the Oven boiled, We said, 'Embark in it two of every kind,
and thy family -- except for him against whom the word has already been spoken
and whosoever believes.'
And there believed not with him except a few. He said, 'Embark in it! In God's
Name shall be its course and its berthing. Surely my Lord is All-forgiving, Allcompassionate.'
So it ran with them amid waves like mountains; and Noah called to his son, who
was standing apart, 'Embark with us, my son, and be thou not with the
unbelievers!'
11:45 He said, 'I will take refuge in a mountain, that shall defend me from the
water.' Said he, 'Today there is no defender from God's command but for him on
whom He has mercy.' And the waves came between them, and he was among
the drowned.
And it was said, 'Earth, swallow thy waters; and, heaven, abate!' And the waters
subsided, the affair was accomplished, and the Ark settled on El-Judi, and it was
said: 'Away with the people of the evildoers!'
And Noah called unto his Lord, and said, 'O my Lord, my son is of my family, and
Thy promise is surely the truth. Thou art the justest of those that judge.'

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Said He, 'Noah, he is not of thy family; it is a deed not righteous. Do not ask of
Me that whereof thou hast no knowledge. I admonish thee, lest thou shouldst be
among the ignorant.' He said, 'My Lord, I take refuge with Thee, lest I should ask
of Thee that whereof I have no knowledge; for if Thou forgivest me not, and hast
not mercy on me, I shall be among the losers.'
11:50 It was said, 'Noah, get thee down in peace from Us, and blessings upon
thee and on the nations of those with thee; and nations -- We shall give them
enjoyment, then there shall visit them from Us a painful chastisement.' (That is of
the tiding's of the Unseen, that We reveal to thee; thou didst not know it, neither
thy people, before this. So be patient; the issue ultimate is to the godfearing.)
And to Ad their brother Hood; he said, 'O my people, serve God! You have no god
other than He; you are but forgers.
O my people, I do not ask of you a wage for this; my wage falls only upon Him
who did originate me; will you not understand?
And, O my people, ask forgiveness of your Lord, then repent to Him, and He will
loose heaven in torrents upon you,
11:55 and He will increase you in strength unto your strength; and turn not your
backs as sinners.' They said, 'Hood, thou hast not brought us a clear sign, and we
will not leave our gods for what thou sayest; we do not believe thee. We say
nothing, but that one of our gods has smitten thee with some evil.' He said, 'I call
God to witness; and witness you, that I am quit of that you associate apart from
Him; so try your guile on me, all together, then you shall give me no respite. Truly,
I have put my trust in God, my Lord and your Lord; there is no creature that
crawls, but He takes it by the forelock. Surely my Lord is on a straight path.
11:60 But if you turn your backs, I have delivered to you that I was sent with unto
you, and my Lord will make a people other than you successors; you will not hurt
Him anything. My Lord is Guardian over everything.'
And when Our command came, We delivered Hood and those who believed with
him by a mercy from Us, and delivered them from a harsh chastisement.
That was Ad; they denied the signs of their Lord, and rebelled against His
Messengers, and followed the command of every froward tyrant.

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And there was sent following after them in this world a curse, and upon the Day of
Resurrection: 'Surely Ad disbelieved in their Lord: so away with Ad, the people of
Hood!'
And to Thamood their brother Salih; he said, 'O my people, serve God! You have
no god other than He. It is He who produced you from the earth and has given
you to live therein; so ask forgiveness of Him, then repent to Him; surely my Lord
is nigh, and answers prayer.
11:65 They said, 'Salih, thou hast hitherto been a source of hope among us.
What, dost thou forbid us to serve that our fathers served? Truly we are in doubt,
concerning what thou callest us to, disquieting.'
He said, 'O my people, what think you? If I stand upon a clear sign from my Lord,
and He has given me mercy from Him, who shall help me against God if I rebel
against Him? You would do nothing for me, except increase my loss.
O my people, this is the She-camel of God, to be a sign for you. Leave her that
she may eat in God's earth, and touch her not with evil, lest you be seized by a
nigh chastisement.'
But they hamstrung her; and he said, 'Take your joy in your habitation three days
-- that is a promise not to be belied.'
And when Our command came, We delivered Salih and those who believed with
him by a mercy from Us, and from the degradation of that day; thy Lord is the Allstrong, the All-mighty.
11:70 And the evildoers were seized by the Cry, and morning found them in their
habitations fallen prostrate as if they never dwelt there: 'Surely Thamood
disbelieved in their Lord, so away with Thamood!'
Our messengers came to Abraham with the good tidings; they said, 'Peace!'
'Peace,' he said; and presently he brought a roasted calf. And when he saw their
hands not reaching towards it, he was suspicious of them and conceived a fear of
them. They said, 'Fear not; we have been sent to the people of Lot.'
And his wife was standing by; she laughed, therefore We gave her the glad
tidings of Isaac, and, after Isaac, of Jacob.
11:75 She said, 'Woe is me! Shall I bear, being an old woman, and this my
husband is an old man? This assuredly is a strange thing.'

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They said, 'What, dost thou marvel at God's command? The mercy of God and
His blessings be upon you, O people of the House! Surely He is All-laudable, Allglorious.' So, when the awe departed from Abraham and the good tidings came to
him, he was disputing with Us concerning the people of Lot; Abraham was
clement, compassionate, penitent.
'O Abraham, turn away from this; thy Lord's command has surely come, and there
is coming upon them a chastisement not to be turned back.'
And when Our messengers came to Lot, he was troubled on their account and
distressed for them, and he said, 'This is a fierce day.'
11:80 And his people came to him, running towards him; and erstwhile they had
been doing evil deeds. He said, 'O my people, these are my daughters; they are
cleaner for you. So fear God, and do not degrade me in my guests. What, is there
not one man among you of a right mind?'
They said, 'Thou knowest we have no right to thy daughters, and thou well
knowest what we desire.'
He said, 'O would that I had power against you, or might take refuge in a strong
pillar!' They said, 'Lot, we are messengers of thy Lord. They shall not reach thee;
so set forth, thou with thy family, in a watch of the night, and let not any one of
you turn round, excepting thy wife; surely she shall be smitten by that which
smites them. Their promised time is the morning; is the morning not nigh?'
So when Our command came, We turned it uppermost nethermost, and rained on
it stones of baked clay, one on another, marked with thy Lord, and never far from
the evildoers.
11:85 And to Midian their brother Shuaib; he said, 'O my people, serve God! You
have no god other than He. And diminish not the measure and the balance. I see
you are prospering; and I fear for you the chastisement of an encompassing day.
O my people, fill up the measure and the balance justly, and do not diminish the
goods of the people, and do not mischief in the land, working corruption. God's
remainder is better for you, if you are believers.
And I am not a guardian over you. They said, 'Shuaib, does thy prayer command
thee that we should leave that our fathers served, or to do as we will with our
goods? Thou art the clement one, the right-minded.'

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11:90 He said, 'O my people, what think you? If I stand upon a clear sign from my
Lord, and He has provided me with fair provision from Him -- and I desire not to
come behind you, betaking me to that I forbid you; I desire only to set things right,
so far as I am able. My succour is only with God; in Him I have put my trust, and
to Him I turn, penitent.
O my people, let not the breach with me move you, so that there smite you the
like of what smote the people of Noah, or the people of Hood, or the people of
Salih; and the people of Lot are not far away from you. And ask forgiveness of
your Lord, then repent to Him; surely my Lord is All-compassionate, All-loving.'
They said, 'Shuaib, we do not understand much of what thou sayest. Truly we see
thee weak among us; but for thy tribe we would have stoned thee; for thou art not
strong against us. He said, 'O my people, is my tribe stronger against you than
God? And Him -- have you taken Him as something to be thrust behind you? My
Lord encompasses the things you do.
11:95 O my people, act according to your station; I am acting; and certainly you
will know to whom will come the chastisement degrading him, and who is a liar.
And be upon the watch; I shall be with you, watching.' And when Our command
came, We delivered Shuaib and those who believed with him by a mercy from Us,
and the evildoers were seized by the Cry, and morning found them in their
habitations fallen prostrate as if they had never dwelt there:
'So away with Midian, even as Thamood was done away!'
And We sent Moses with Our signs, and a manifest authority, to Pharaoh and his
Council; but they followed Pharaoh's command, and Pharaoh's command was not
right-minded.
11:100 He shall go before his people on the Day of Resurrection, and will have
led them down to the Fire-evil the watering-place to be led down to!
And there was sent following after them in this world a curse, and upon the Day of
Resurrection -- evil the offering to be offered!
That is of the tidings of the cities We relate to thee; some of them are standing
and some stubble. And We wronged them not, but they wronged themselves;
their gods availed them not that they called upon, apart from God, anything, when
the command of thy Lord came; and they increased them not, save in destruction.
Such is the seizing of thy Lord, when He seizes the cities that are evildoing;
surely His seizing is painful, terrible.

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11:105 Surely in that is a sign for him who fears the chastisement in the world to
come; that is a day mankind are to be gathered to, a day to witness, and We shall
not postpone it, save to a term reckoned; the day it comes, no soul shall speak
save by His leave; some of them shall be wretched and some happy.
As for the wretched, they shall be in the Fire, wherein there shall be for them
moaning and sighing, therein dwelling forever, so long as the heavens and earth
abide, save as thy Lord will; surely thy Lord accomplishes what He desires.
11:110 And as for the happy, they shall be in Paradise, therein dwelling forever, so
long as the heavens and earth abide, save as thy Lord will -- for a gift unbroken.
So be thou not in doubt concerning what these men serve; they serve only as
their fathers served before; and We shall surely pay them in full their portion
undiminished.
And We gave Moses the Book; and there was difference regarding it, and but for
a word that preceded from thy Lord, it had been decided between them; and they
are in doubt of it disquieting. Surely each One of them -- thy Lord will pay them in
full for their works; He is aware of the things they do. So go thou straight, as thou
hast been commanded, and whoso repents with thee; and be you not insolent;
surely He sees the things you do.
11:115 And lean not on the evildoers, so that the Fire touches you -- you have no
protectors apart from God -- and then you will not be helped.
And perform the prayer at the two ends of the day and nigh of the night; surely
the good deeds will drive away the evil deeds. That is a remembrance unto the
mindful. And be thou patient; God will not leave to waste the wage of the gooddoers. Or if there had been, of the generations before you, men of a remainder
forbidding corruption in the earth -- except a few of those whom We delivered of
them; but the evildoers followed the ease they were given to exult in and became
sinners.
Yet thy Lord would never destroy the cities unjustly, while as yet their people were
putting things right.
11:120 Had thy Lord willed, He would have made mankind one nation; but they
continue in their differences excepting those on whom thy Lord has mercy. To that
end He created them, and perfectly is fulfilled the word of thy Lord: 'I shall
assuredly fill Gehenna with jinn and men all together.'

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And all that We relate to thee of the tidings of the Messengers is that whereby We
strengthen thy heart; in these there has come to thee the truth and an admonition,
and a reminder to the believers.
And say to the unbelievers: 'Act you according to your station; we are acting. And
watch and wait; we are also watching and waiting.'
To God belongs the Unseen in the heavens and the earth. To Him the whole
matter shall be returned; so serve Him, and put thy trust in Him. Thy Lord is not
heedless of the things you do.
XII

JOSEPH

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


12:1 Alif Lam Ra
Those are the signs of the Manifest Book. We have sent it down as an Arabic
Koran; haply you will understand.
We will relate to thee the fairest of stories in that We have revealed to thee this
Koran, though before it thou wast one of the heedless.
When Joseph said to his father, 'Father, I saw eleven stars, and the sun and the
moon; I saw them bowing down before me.'
12:5 He said, 'O my son, relate not thy vision to thy brothers, lest they devise
against thee some guile. Surely Satan is to man a manifest enemy.
So will thy Lord choose thee, and teach thee the interpretation of tales, and
perfect His blessing upon thee and upon the House of Jacob, as He perfected it
formerly on thy fathers Abraham and Isaac; surely thy Lord is All-knowing, Allwise.'
(In Joseph and his brethren were signs for those who ask questions.)
When they said, 'Surely Joseph and his brother are dearer to our father than we,
though we are a band. Surely our father is in manifest error. Kill you Joseph, or
cast him forth into some land, that your father's face may be free for you, and
thereafter you may be a righteous people.'

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12:10 One of them said, 'No, kill not Joseph, but cast him into the bottom of the
pit and some traveller will pick him out, if you do aught.'
They said, 'Father, what ails thee, that thou trustest us not with Joseph? Surely
we are his sincere well-wishers. Send him forth with us tomorrow, to frolic and
play; surely we shall be watching over him.'
He said, 'It grieves me that you should go with him, and I fear the wolf may eat
him, while you are heedless of him.' They said, 'If the wolf eats him, and we a
band, then are we losers!'
12:15 So when they went with him, and agreed to put him in the bottom of the
well, and We revealed to him, 'Thou shalt tell them of this their doing when they
are unaware.'
And they came to their father in the evening, and they were weeping. They said,
'Father, we went running races, and left Joseph behind with our things; so the
wolf ate him. But thou wouldst never believe us, though we spoke truly.'
And they brought his shirt with false blood on it. He said, 'No; but your spirits
tempted you to do somewhat. But come, sweet patience! And God's succour is
ever there to seek against that you describe.'
Then came travellers, and they sent one of them, a water-drawer, who let down
his bucket. 'Good news!' he said. 'Here is a young man.' So they hid him as
merchandise; but God knew what they were doing.
12:20 Then they sold him for a paltry price, a handful of counted dirhams; for they
set small store by him. He that bought him, being of Egypt, said to his wife, 'Give
him goodly lodging, and it may be that he will profit us, or we may take him for our
own son.' So We established Joseph in the land, and that We might teach him the
interpretation of tales. God prevails in His purpose, but most men know not.
And when he was fully grown, We gave him judgment and knowledge. Even so
We recompense the good-doers.
Now the woman in whose house he was solicited him, and closed the doors on
them. 'Come,' she said, 'take me!' 'God be my refuge,' he said. 'Surely my lord
has given me a goodly lodging. Surely the evildoers do not prosper.

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For she desired him; and he would have taken her, but that he saw the proof of
his Lord. So was it, that We might turn away from him evil and abomination; he
was one of Our devoted servants.
12:25 They raced to the door; and she tore his shirt from behind. They
encountered her master by the door. She said, 'What is the recompense of him
who purposes evil against thy folk, but that he should be imprisoned, or a painful
chastisement?' Said he, 'It was she that solicited me'; and a witness of her folk
bore witness, 'If his shirt has been torn from before then she has spoken truly,
and he is one of the liars; but if it be that his shirt has been torn from behind, then
she has lied, and he is one of the truthful.'
When he saw his shirt was torn from behind he said, 'This is of your women's
guile; surely your guile is great.
Joseph, turn away from this; and thou, woman, ask forgiveness of thy crime;
surely thou art one of the sinners.'
12:30 Certain women that were in the city said, 'The Governor's wife has been
soliciting her page; he smote her heart with love; we see her in manifest error.
When she heard their sly whispers, she sent to them, and made ready for them a
repast, then she gave to each one of them a knife. 'Come forth, attend to them,'
she said. And when they saw him, they so admired him that they cut their hands,
saying, 'God save us! This is no mortal; he is no other but a noble angel.'
'So now you see, she said. 'This is he you blamed me for. Yes, I solicited him, but
he abstained. Yet if he will not do what I command him, he shall be imprisoned,
and be one of the humbled.'
He said, 'My Lord, prison is dearer to me than that they call me to; yet if Thou
turnest not from me their guile, then I shall yearn towards them, and so become
one of the ignorant.'
So his Lord answered him, and He turned away from him their guile; surely He is
the All-hearing, the All-knowing.
12:35 Then it seemed good to them, after they had seen the signs, that they
should imprison him for a while. And there entered the prison with him two youths.
Said one of them, 'I dreamed that I was pressing grapes. Said the other, 'I
dreamed that I was carrying on my head bread, that birds were eating of. Tell us
its interpretation; we see that thou art of the good-doers.'

155

He said, 'No food shall come to you for your sustenance, but ere it comes to you I
shall tell you its interpretation. That I shall tell you is of what God has taught me. I
have forsaken the creed of a people who believe not in God and who moreover
are unbelievers in the world to come.
And I have followed the creed of my fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Not ours
is it to associate aught with God. That is of God's bounty to us, and to men; but
most men are not thankful. Say, which is better, my fellow-prisoners -- many gods
at variance, or God the One, the Omnipotent?
12:40 That which you serve, apart from Him, is nothing but names yourselves
have named, you and your fathers; God has sent down no authority touching
them. Judgment belongs only to God; He has commanded that you shall not
serve any but Him. That is the right religion; but most men know not.
Fellow-prisoners, as for one of you, he shall pour wine for his lord; as for the
other, he shall be crucified, and birds will eat of his head. The matter is decided
whereon you enquire.' Then he said to the one he deemed should be saved of
the two, 'Mention me in thy lord's presence.' But Satan caused him to forget to
mention him to his master, so that he continued in the prison for certain years.
And the king said, 'I saw in a dream seven fat kine, and seven lean ones
devouring them; likewise seven green ears of corn, and seven withered. My
counsellors, pronounce to me upon my dream, if you are expounders of dreams.'
'A hotchpotch of nightmares!' they said. 'We know nothing of the interpretation of
nightmares.'
12:45 Then said the one who had been delivered, remembering after a time, 'I will
myself tell you its interpretation; so send me forth.'
'Joseph, thou true man, pronounce to us regarding seven fat kine, that seven lean
ones were devouring, seven green ears of corn, and seven withered; haply I shall
return to the men, haply they will know.' He said, 'You shall sow seven years after
your wont; what you have harvested leave in the ear, excepting a little whereof
you eat.
Then thereafter there shall come upon you seven hard years, that shall devour
what you have laid up for them, all but a little you keep in store.
Then thereafter there shall come a year wherein the people will be succoured and
press in season.

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12:50 The king said, 'Bring him to me!' And when the messenger came to him, he
said, 'Return unto thy lord, and ask of him, "What of the women who cut their
hands?" Surely my Lord has knowledge of their guile.'
'What was your business, women,' he said, 'when you solicited Joseph?' 'God
save us!' they said. 'We know no evil against him.' The Governor's wife said, 'Now
the truth is at last discovered; I solicited him; he is a truthful man.
'That, so that he may know I betrayed him not secretly, and that God guides not
the guile of the treacherous. Yet I claim not that my soul was innocent -- surely
the soul of man incites to evil -- except inasmuch as my Lord had mercy; truly my
Lord is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.'
The king said, 'Bring him to me! I would attach him to my person.' Then, when he
had spoken with him, he said, 'Today thou art established firmly in our favour and
in our trust.'
12:55 He said, 'Set me over the land's storehouses; I am a knowing guardian.'
So We established Joseph in the land, to make his dwelling there wherever he
would. We visit with Our mercy whomsoever We will, and We leave not to waste
the wage of the good-doers. Yet is the wage of the world to come better for those
who believe, and are godfearing.
And the brethren of Joseph came, and entered unto him, and he knew them, but
they knew him not. When he had equipped them with their equipment be said,
'Bring me a certain brother of yours from your father. Do you not see that I fill up
the measure, and am the best of hosts?
12:60 But if you bring him not to me, there shall be no measure for you with me,
neither shall you come nigh me.'
They said, 'We will solicit him of our father; that we will do.' He said to his pages,
'Put their merchandise in their saddlebags; haply they will recognize it when they
have turned to their people; haply they will return.
So, when they had returned to their father, they said, 'Father, the measure was
denied to us; so send with us our brother, that we may obtain the measure; surely
we shall be watching over him.'

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He said, 'And shall I entrust him to you otherwise than as I entrusted before his
brother to you? Why, God is the best guardian, and He is the most merciful of the
merciful.'
12:65 And when they opened their things, they found their merchandise, restored
to them. 'Father,' they said, 'what more should we desire? See, our merchandise
here is restored to us. We shall get provision for our family, and we shall be
watching over our brother; we shall obtain an extra camel's load -- that is an easy
measure.
He said, 'Never will I send him with you until you bring me a solemn pledge by
God that you will surely bring him back to me unless it be that you are
encompassed.' When they had brought him their solemn pledge he said, 'God
shall be Guardian over what we say.'
He also said, 'O my sons, enter not by one door; enter by separate doors. Yet I
cannot avail you anything against God; judgment belongs not to any but God. In
Him I have put my trust; and in Him let all put their trust who put their trust.'
And when they entered after the manner their father commanded them, it availed
them nothing against God; but it was a need in Jacob's soul that he so satisfied.
Verily he was possessed of a knowledge for that We had taught him; but most
men know not.
And when they entered unto Joseph, he said, taking his brother into his arms, 'I
am thy brother; so do not despair of that they have done.'
12:70 Then, when he had equipped them with their equipment, he put his
drinking-cup into the saddlebag of his brother. Then a herald proclaimed, 'Ho,
cameleers, you are robbers!'
They said, turning to them, 'What is it that you are missing?'
They said, 'We are missing the king's goblet. Whoever brings it shall receive a
camel's load; that I guarantee.'
'By God,' they said, 'you know well that we came not to work corruption in the
land. We are not robbers.' They said, 'And what shall be its recompense if you are
liars?'
12:75 They said, 'This shall be its recompense -- in whoever's saddlebag the
goblet is found, he shall be its recompense. So we recompense the evildoers.'

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So he made beginning with their sacks, before his brother's sack, then he pulled it
out of his brother's sack. So We contrived for Joseph's sake; he could not have
taken his brother, according to the king's doom, except that God willed.
Whomsoever We will, We raise in rank; over every man of knowledge is One who
knows.
They said, 'If he is a thief, a brother of his was a thief before.' But Joseph
secreted it in his soul and disclosed it not to them, saying, 'You are in a worse
case; God knows very well what you are describing.' They said, 'Mighty prince, he
has a father, aged and great with years; so take one of us in his place; we see
that thou art one of the good-doers.'
He said, 'God forbid that we should take any other but him in whose possession
we found the goods; for if we did so, we would be evildoers.'
12:80 When they despaired of moving him, they conferred privily apart. Said the
eldest of them, 'Do you not know how your father has taken a solemn pledge from
you by God, and aforetime you failed regarding Joseph? Never will I quit this
land, until my father gives me leave, or God judges in my favour; He is the best of
judges.
Return you all to your father, and say, "Father, thy son stole; we do not testify
except that we know; we were no guardians of the Unseen. Enquire of the city
wherein we were, and the caravan in which we approached; surely we are truthful
men".'
'No!' he said 'But your spirits tempted you to do somewhat. But come, sweet
patience! Haply God will bring them all to me; He is the All-knowing, the All-wise.'
And he turned away from them, and said, 'Ah, woe is me for Joseph!' And his
eyes turned white because of the sorrow that he choked within him.
12:85 'By God,' they said, 'thou wilt never cease mentioning Joseph till thou art
consumed, or among the perishing.' He said, 'I make complaint of my anguish
and my sorrow unto God; I know from God that you know not.
Depart, my sons, and search out tidings of Joseph and his brother. Do not despair
of God's comfort; of God's comfort no man despairs, excepting the people of the
unbelievers.'
So, when they entered unto him, they said, 'O mighty prince, affliction has visited
us and our people. We come with merchandise of scant worth. Fill up to us the
measure, and be charitable to us; surely God recompenses the charitable.'

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He said, 'Are you aware of what you did with Joseph and his brother, when you
were ignorant?'
12:90 They said, 'Why, art thou indeed Joseph?' 'I am Joseph,' he said. 'This is
my brother. God has indeed been gracious unto us. Whosoever fears God, and is
patient -- surely God leaves not to waste the wage of the good-doers. 'By God,'
they said, 'God has indeed preferred thee above us, and certainly we have been
sinful.'
He said, 'No reproach this day shall be on you; God will forgive you; He is the
most merciful of the merciful.
Go, take this shirt, and do you cast it on my father's face, and he shall recover his
sight; then bring me your family all together.'
So, when the caravan set forth, their father said, 'Surely I perceive Joseph's
scent, unless you think me doting.'
12:95 They said, 'By God, thou art certainly in thy ancient error. But when the
bearer of good tidings came to him, and laid it on his face, forthwith he saw once
again.
He said, 'Did I not tell you I know from God that you know not?'
They said, 'Our father, ask forgiveness of our crimes for us; for certainly we have
been sinful.'
He said, 'Assuredly I will ask my Lord to forgive you; He is the All-forgiving, the
All-compassionate.'
12:100 So, when they entered unto Joseph, he took his father and mother into his
arms saying, 'Enter you into Egypt, if God will, in security.'
And he lifted his father and mother upon the throne; and the others fell down
prostrate before him. 'See, father,' he said, 'this is the interpretation of my vision
of long ago; my Lord has made it true. He was good to me when He brought me
forth from the prison, and again when He brought you out of the desert, after that
Satan set at variance me and my brethren. My Lord is gentle to what He will; He
is the All-knowing, the All-wise.
O my Lord, Thou hast given me to rule, and Thou hast taught me the
interpretation of tales. O Thou, the Originator of the heavens and earth, Thou art

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my Protector in this world and the next. O receive me to Thee in true submission,
and join me with the righteous.'
That is of the tidings of the Unseen that We reveal to thee; thou wast not with
them when they agreed upon their plan, devising. Yet, be thou ever so eager, the
most part of men believe not.
Thou askest of them no wage for it; it is nothing but a reminder unto all beings.
12:105 How many a sign there is in the heavens and in the earth that they pass
by, turning away from it! And the most part of them believe not in God, but they
associate other gods with Him. Do they feel secure that there shall come upon
them no enveloping of the chastisement of God, or that the Hour shall not come
upon them suddenly when they are unaware?
Say: 'This is my way. I call to God with sure knowledge, I and whoever follows
after me. To God be glory! And I am not among the idolaters.'
We sent not forth any before thee, but men We revealed to of the people living in
the cities. Have they not journeyed in the land? Have they not beheld how was
the end of those before them?. Surely the abode of the world to come is better for
those that are godfearing. What, do you not understand?
12:110 Till, when the Messengers despaired, deeming they were counted liars,
Our help came to them and whosoever We willed was delivered. Our might will
never be turned back from the people of the sinners.
In their stories is surely a lesson to men possessed of minds; it is not a tale
forged, but a confirmation of what is before it, and a distinguishing of every thing,
and a guidance, and a mercy to a people who believe.
XIII

THUNDER

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


13:1 Alif Lam Mim Ra
Those are the signs of the Book; and that which has been sent down to thee from
thy Lord is the truth, but most men do not believe.

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God is He who raised up the heavens without pillars you can see, then He sat
Himself upon the Throne. He subjected the sun and the moon, each one running
to a term stated. He directs the affair; He distinguishes the signs; haply you will
have faith in the encounter with your Lord.
It is He who stretched out the earth and set therein firm mountains and rivers, and
of every fruit He placed there two kinds, covering the day with the night.
Surely in that are signs for a people who reflect. And on the earth are tracts
neighbouring each to each, and gardens of vines, and fields sown, and palms in
pairs, and palms single, watered with one water; and some of them We prefer in
produce above others. Surely in that are signs for a people who understand.
13:5 If thou wouldst wonder, surely wonderful is their saying, 'What, when we are
dust shall we indeed then be raised up again in new creation?' Those are they
that disbelieve in their Lord; those -- on their necks are fetters; those shall be the
inhabitants of the Fire, therein dwelling forever.
They would have thee hasten the evil ere the good; yet there have passed away
before them examples. Thy Lord is forgiving to men, for all their evil-doing, and
thy Lord is terrible in retribution.
The unbelievers say, 'Why has a sign not been sent down upon him from his
Lord?' Thou art only a warner, and a guide to every people.
God knows what every female bears, and the wombs' shrinking and swelling;
everything with Him has its measure -13:10 the Knower of the unseen and the visible, the All-great, the All-exalted:
Alike of you is he who conceals his saying, and he who proclaims it, he who hides
himself in the night, and he who sallies by day; he has attendant angels, before
him and behind him, watching over him by God's command.
God changes not what is in a people, until they change what is in themselves.
Whensover God desires evil for a people, there is no turning it back; apart from
Him, they have no protector.
It is He who shows you the lightning, for fear and hope, and produces the heavy
clouds; the thunder proclaims His praise, and the angels, in awe of Him.
He looses the thunderbolts, and smites with them whomsoever He will; yet they
dispute about God, who is mighty in power. To Him is the call of truth; and those

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upon whom they call, apart from Him, answer them nothing, but it is as a man
who stretches out his hands to water that it may reach his mouth, and it reaches it
not. The prayer of the unbelievers goes only astray.
13:15 To God bow all who are in the heavens and the earth, willingly or
unwillingly, as do their shadows also in the mornings and the evenings.
Say: 'Who is the Lord of the heavens and of the earth?' Say: 'God.'
Say: 'Then have you taken unto you others beside Him to be your protectors,
even such as have no power to profit or hurt themselves?'
Say: 'Are the blind and the seeing man equal, or are the shadows and the light
equal? Or have they ascribed to God associates who created as He created, so
that creation is all alike to them?'
Say: 'God is the Creator of everything, and He is the One, the Omnipotent.'
He sends down out of heaven water, and the wadis flow each in its measure, and
the torrent carries a swelling scum; and out of that over which they kindle fire,
being desirous of ornament or ware, out of that rises a scum the like of it. So God
strikes both the true and the false. As for the scum, it vanishes as jetsam, and
what profits men abides in the earth. Even so God strikes His similitudes. For
those who answer their Lord, the reward most fair; and those who answer Him
not -- if they possessed all that is in the earth and the like of it with it, they would
offer it for their ransom. Those theirs shall be the evil reckoning, and their refuge
shall be Gehenna -- an evil cradling!
What, is he who knows what is sent down to thee from thy Lord is the truth, like
him who is blind? Only men possessed of minds remember;
13:20 who fulfil God's covenant, and break not the compact, who join what God
has commanded shall be joined, and fear their Lord, and dread the evil reckoning,
patient men, desirous of the Face of their Lord, who perform the prayer, and
expend of that We have provided them, secretly and in public, and who avert evil
with good -- theirs shall be the Ultimate Abode, Gardens of Eden which they shall
enter; and those who were righteous of their fathers, and their wives, and their
seed, shall enter them, and the angels shall enter unto them from every gate:
'Peace be upon you, for that you were patient.' Fair is the Ultimate Abode.

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13:25 And those who break the covenant of God after His compact, and who
snap what God has commanded to be joined, and who work corruption in the
earth -- theirs shall be the curse, and theirs the Evil Abode.
God outspreads and straitens His provision unto whomsoever He will. They
rejoice in this present life; and this present life, beside the world to come, is
naught but passing enjoyment.
The unbelievers say, 'Why has a sign not been sent down upon him from his
Lord?' Say: 'God leads astray whomsoever He will, and He guides to Him all who
are penitent.' Those who believe, their hearts being at rest in God's remembrance
-- in God's remembrance are at rest the hearts of those who believe and do
righteous deeds; theirs is blessedness and a fair resort.
Thus We have sent thee among a nation before which other nations have passed
away, to recite to them that We have revealed to thee; and yet they disbelieve in
the All-merciful.
Say: 'He is my Lord -- there is no god but He. In Him I have put my trust, and to
Him I turn.'
13:30 If only a Koran whereby the mountains were set in motion, or the earth
were cleft, or the dead were spoken to -- nay, but God's is the affair altogether.
Did not the believers know that, if God had willed, He would have guided men all
together? And still the unbelievers are smitten by a shattering for what they
wrought, or it alights nigh their habitation, until God's promise comes; and God
will not fail the tryst. Messengers indeed were scoffed at before thee, and I
respited the unbelievers; then I seized them -- and how was my retribution?
What, He who stands over every soul for what it has earned? -- And yet they
ascribe to God associates. Say: 'Name them! Or will you tell Him what He knows
not in the earth? Or in apparent words?' Nay; but decked out fair to the
unbelievers is their devising, and they are barred from the way; and whomsoever
God leads astray, no guide has he.
For them is chastisement in the present life; and the chastisement of the world to
come is yet more grievous; they have none to defend them from God.
13:35 The likeness of Paradise, that is promised to the godfearing: beneath it
rivers flow, its produce is eternal, and its shade. That is the requital of the godfearing; and the requital of the unbelievers is -- the Fire!

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And those to whom We have given the Book rejoice in what is sent down unto
thee; and of the parties some reject some of it.
Say: 'I have only been commanded to serve God, and not to associate aught with
Him. To Him I call, and to Him I turn.'
Even so We have sent it down as an Arabic judgment. And if thou dost follow their
caprices, after the knowledge that has come to thee, thou shalt have no protector
against God, and no defender.
And We sent Messengers before thee, and We assigned to them wives, and
seed; and it was not for any Messengers to bring a sign, but by God's leave.
Every term has a Book. God blots out, and He establishes whatsoever He will;
and with Him is the Essence of the Book.
13:40 Whether We show thee a part of that We promise them, or We call thee to
Us, it is thine only to deliver the Message, and Ours the reckoning.
Have they not seen how We come to the land diminishing it in its extremities?
God judges; none repels His judgment; He is swift at the reckoning.
Those that were before them devised; but God's is the devising altogether. He
knows what every soul earns. The unbelievers shall assuredly know whose will
be the Ultimate Abode.
The unbelievers say, 'Thou art not an Envoy.' Say: 'God suffices as a witness
between me and you, and whosoever possesses knowledge of the Book.'
XIV

ABRAHAM

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


14:1 Alif Lam Ra
A Book We have sent down to thee that thou mayest bring forth mankind from the
shadows to the light by the leave of their Lord, to the path of the All-mighty, the
All-laudable, God, to whom belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the
earth. And woe to the unbelievers for a terrible chastisement, such as prefer the
present life over the world to come, and bar from God's way, desiring to make it
crooked -- they are in far error. And We have sent no Messenger save with the

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tongue of his people, that he might make all clear to them; then God leads astray
whomsoever He will, and He guides whomsoever He will; and He is the Allmighty, the All-wise.
14:5 And We sent Moses with Our signs --'Bring forth thy people from the
shadows to the light and remind thou them of the Days of God.' Surely in that are
signs for every man enduring, thankful!
And when Moses said to his people, 'Remember God's blessing upon you when
He delivered you from the folk of Pharaoh, who were visiting you with evil
chastisement, slaughtering your sons, and sparing your women -- and in that was
a grievous trial from your Lord. And when your Lord proclaimed, "If you are
thankful, surely I will increase you, but if you are thankless My chastisement is
surely terrible."' And Moses said, 'If you are thankless, you and whoso is on earth,
all together, yet assuredly God is All-sufficient, All-laudable.'
Has there not come to you the tidings of those who were before you -- the people
of Noah,
14:10 Ad, Thamood, and of those after them whom none knows but God? Their
Messengers came to them with the clear signs; but they thrust their hands into
their mouths, saying, 'We certainly disbelieve in the Message you have been sent
with, and we are in doubt, concerning that you call us unto, disquieting.'
Their Messengers said, 'Is there any doubt regarding God, the Originator of the
heavens and the earth, who calls you so that He may forgive you your sins, and
defer you to a term stated?' They said, 'You are nothing but mortals, like us; you
desire to bar us from that our fathers served; then bring us a manifest authority.'
Their Messengers said to them, 'We are nothing but mortals, like you; but God is
gracious unto whomsoever He will of His servants. It is not for us to bring you an
authority save by the leave of God; and in God let the believers put all their trust.
14:15 And why should we not put our trust in God, seeing that He has guided us
in our ways? We will surely endure patiently, whatever you hurt us; and in God let
all put their trust who put their trust.' The unbelievers said to their Messengers,
'We will assuredly expel you from our land, or you will surely return into our
creed.' Then did their Lord reveal unto them:
'We will surely destroy the evildoers, and We will surely make you to dwell in the
land after them -- that, for him who fears My station and fears My threat.' They
sought a judgment; then was disappointed every froward tyrant -- beyond him
Gehenna, and he is given to drink of oozing pus,

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14:20 the which he gulps, and can scarce swallow, and death comes upon him
from every side, yet he cannot die; and still beyond him is a harsh chastisement.
The likeness of those who disbelieve in their Lord: their works are as ashes,
whereon the wind blows strong upon a tempestuous day; they have no power
over that they have earned -- that is the far error! Hast thou not seen that God
created the heavens and the earth in truth? If He will, He can put you away and
bring a new creation; that is surely no great matter for God.
They sally forth unto God, all together; then say the weak to those who waxed
proud, 'We were your followers; will you avail us against the chastisement of God
anything?'
14:25 They say, 'If God had guided us, we would have guided you. Alike it is for
us whether we cannot endure, or whether we are patient; we have no asylum.'
And Satan says, when the issue is decided,
'God surely promised you a true promise; and I promised you, then I failed you,
for I had no authority over you, but that I called you, and you answered me. So do
not blame me, but blame yourselves; I cannot aid you, neither can you aid me. I
disbelieved in your associating me with God aforetime.'
As for the evildoers, for them awaits a painful chastisement; but as for those who
believe, and do deeds of righteousness, they shall be admitted to gardens
underneath which rivers flow, therein dwelling forever, by the leave of their Lord,
their greeting therein: 'Peace!'
Hast thou not seen how God has struck a similitude? A good word is as a good
tree -- its roots are firm, and its branches are in heaven;
14:30 it gives its produce every season by the leave of its Lord. So God strikes
similitudes for men; haply they will remember. And the likeness of a corrupt word
is as a corrupt tree -- uprooted from the earth, having no stablishment. God
confirms those who believe with the firm word, in the present life and in the world
to come; and God leads astray the evildoers; and God does what He will. Hast
thou not seen those who exchanged the bounty of God with unthankfulness, and
caused their people to dwell in the abode of ruin? -Gehenna, wherein they are roasted; an evil stablishment!
14:35 And they set up compeers to God, that they might lead astray from His way.
Say: 'Take your joy! Your homecoming shall be -- the Fire!' Say to My servants

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who believe, that they perform the prayer, and expend of that We have provided
them, secretly and in public, before a day comes wherein shall be neither
bargaining nor befriending.
It is God who created the heavens and the earth, and sent down out of heaven
water wherewith He brought forth fruits to be your sustenance. And He subjected
to you the ships to run upon the sea at His commandment; and He subjected to
you the rivers and He subjected to you the sun and moon constant upon their
courses, and He subjected to you the night and day, and gave you of all you
asked Him. If you count God's blessing, you will never number it; surely man is
sinful, unthankful!
And when Abraham said, 'My Lord, make this land secure, and turn me and my
sons away from serving idols; my Lord, they have led astray many men. Then
whoso follows me belongs to me; and whoso rebels against me, surely Thou art
All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
14:40 Our Lord, I have made some of my seed to dwell in a valley where is no
sown land by Thy Holy House; Our Lord, let them perform the prayer, and make
hearts of men yearn towards them, and provide them with fruits; haply they will be
thankful. Our Lord, Thou knowest what we keep secret and what we publish; from
God nothing whatever is hidden in earth and heaven. Praise be to God, who has
given me, though I am old, Ishmael and Isaac; surely my Lord hears the petition.
My Lord, make me a performer of the prayer, and of my seed. Our Lord, and
receive my petition. Our Lord, forgive Thou me and my parents, and the
believers, upon the day when the reckoning shall come to pass.
Deem not that God is heedless of what the evildoers work; He is only deferring
them to a day when eyes shall stare, when they shall run with necks outstretched
and heads erect, their glances never returned on themselves, their hearts void.
And warn mankind of the day when the chastisement comes on them,
14:45 And those who did evil shall say, 'Our Lord, defer us to a near term, and we
will answer Thy call, and follow the Messengers.' 'Ah, but did you not swear
aforetime there should be no removing for you? And you dwelt in the dwellingplaces of those who wronged themselves, and it became clear to you how We did
with them, and how We struck similitudes for you. They devised their devising,
and their devising is known to God; though their devising were such as to remove
mountains.' So do not deem that God will fail in His promise to His Messengers;
surely God is All-mighty, Vengeful. Upon the day the earth shall be changed to

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other than the earth, and the heavens and they sally forth unto God, the One, the
Omnipotent.
14:50 And thou shalt see the sinners that day coupled in fetters, of pitch their
shirts, their faces enveloped by the Fire, that God may recompense every soul for
its earnings; surely God is swift at the reckoning.
This is a Message to be delivered to mankind that they may be warned by it, and
that they may know that He is One God, and that all possessed of minds may
remember.
XV

EL-HIJR

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


15:1 Alif Lam Ra
Those are the signs of the Book and of a manifest Koran.
Perchance the unbelievers will wish that they had surrendered: leave them to eat,
and to take their joy, and to be bemused by hope; certainly they will soon know!
Never a city have We destroyed, but it had a known decree,
15:5 and no nation outstrips its term, nor do they put it back.
They say: 'Thou, upon whom the Remembrance is sent down, thou art assuredly
possessed! Why dost thou not bring the angels unto us, if thou speakest truly?'
We send not down the angels, save with truth; then they would not be respited. It
is We who have sent down the Remembrance, and We watch over it.
15:10 Indeed, We sent Messengers before thee, among the factions of the
ancients, and not a single Messenger came to them, but they mocked at him;
even so We cause it to enter into the hearts of the sinners -- they believe not in it,
though the wont of the ancients is already gone.
Though We opened to them a gate in heaven, and still they mounted through it,
15:15 yet would they say, 'Our eyes have been dazzled; nay, we are a people
bewitched!'

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We have set in heaven constellations and decked them out fair to the beholders,
and guarded them from every accursed Satan excepting such as listens by
stealth -- and he is pursued by a manifest flame.
And the earth -- We stretched it forth, and cast on it firm mountains, and We
caused to grow therein of every thing justly weighed, and
15:20 there appointed for you livelihood, and for those you provide not for. Naught
is there, but its treasuries are with Us, and We send it not down but in a known
measure. And We loose the winds fertilising, and We send down out of heaven
water, then We give it to you to drink, and you are not its treasurers. It is We who
give life, and make to die, and it is We who are the inheritors.
We know the ones of you who press forward, and We know the laggards;
15:25 and it is thy Lord shall muster them, and He is All-wise, All-knowing.
Surely We created man of a clay of mud moulded, and the jinn created We before
of fire flaming. And when thy Lord said to the angels, 'See, I am creating a mortal
of a clay of mud moulded. When I have shaped him, and breathed My spirit in
him, fall you down, bowing before him!'
15:30 Then the angels bowed themselves all together, save Iblis; he refused to be
among those bowing. Said He, 'What ails thee, Iblis, that thou art not among
those bowing?' Said he, 'I would never bow myself before a mortal whom Thou
hast created of a clay of mud moulded.' Said He, 'Then go thou forth hence; thou
art accursed.
15:35 Upon thee shall rest the curse, till the Day of Doom.' Said he, 'My Lord,
respite me till the day they shall be raised.' Said He, 'Thou art among the ones
that are respited unto the day of a known time.'
Said he, 'My Lord, for Thy perverting me I shall deck all fair to them in the earth,
and I shall pervert them, all together,
15:40 excepting those Thy servants among them that are devoted. Said He, 'This
is for Me a straight path: over My servants thou shalt have no authority, except
those that follow thee, being perverse; Gehenna shall be their promised land all
together.
Seven gates it has, and unto each gate a set portion of them belongs.'

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15:45 But the godfearing shall be amidst gardens and fountains: 'Enter you them,
in peace and security!' We shall strip away all rancour that is in their breasts; as
brothers they shall be upon couches set face to face; no fatigue there shall smite
them, neither shall they ever be driven forth from there.
Tell My servants I am the All-forgiving, the All-compassionate, and that My
chastisement is the painful chastisement.
15:50 And tell them of the guests of Abraham, when they entered unto him,
saying, 'Peace!' He said, 'Behold, we are afraid of you.' They said, 'Be not afraid;
behold, we give thee good tidings of a cunning boy.' He said, 'What, do you give
me good tidings, though old age has smitten me? Of what do you
15:55 give me good tidings?' They said, 'We give thee good tidings of truth. Be
not of those that despair.' He said, 'And who despairs of the mercy of his Lord,
excepting those that are astray?' He said, 'And what is your business, envoys?'
They said, 'We have been sent unto a people of sinners, excepting the folk of Lot;
them we shall deliver
15:60 all together, excepting his wife -- we have decreed, she shall surely be of
those that tarry.' So, when the envoys came to the folk of Lot, he said, 'Surely you
are a people unknown to me!' They said, 'Nay, but we have brought thee that
concerning which they were doubting. We have come to thee with the truth, and
assuredly we speak truly.
15:65 So set forth, thou with thy family, in a watch of the night, and follow after the
backs of them, and let not any one of you turn round; and depart unto the place
you are commanded.' And We decreed for him that commandment, that the last
remnant of those should be cut off in the morning. And the people of the city
came rejoicing. He said, 'These are my guests; put me not to shame, and fear
God, and do not degrade me.'
15:70 They said, 'Have we not forbidden thee all beings?' He said, 'These are my
daughters, if you would be doing.' By thy life, they wandered blindly in their
dazzlement, and the Cry seized them at the sunrise, and We turned it uppermost
nethermost and rained on it stones of baked clay.
15:75 Surely in that are signs for such as mark; surely it is on a way yet
remaining; surely in that is a sign for believers.
Certainly the dwellers in the Thicket were evildoers, and We took vengeance on
them. The two of them were upon a roadway manifest.

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15:80 The dwellers in El-Hijr cried lies to the Envoys. We brought them Our signs,
and they turned away from them. They were hewing the mountains into houses,
therein dwelling securely; and the Cry seized them in the morning; that they
earned did not avail them.
15:85 We created not the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them,
save in truth. Surely the Hour is coming; so pardon thou, with a gracious
pardoning. Surely thy Lord, He is the All-creator, the All-knowing.
We have given thee seven of the oft-repeated, and the mighty Koran.
Stretch not thine eyes to that We have given pairs of them to enjoy; and do not
sorrow for them, and lower thy wing unto the believers, and say, 'Surely, I am the
manifest warner.'
15:90 So We sent it down to the partitioners, who have broken the Koran into
fragments.
Now by thy Lord, We shall surely question them all together concerning that they
were doing. So shout that thou art commanded and turn thou away from the
idolaters.
15:95 We suffice thee against the mockers, even against those who set up with
God another god. Certainly they will soon know! We know indeed thy breast is
straitened by the things they say.
Proclaim thy Lord's praise,
and be of those that bow,
and serve thy Lord, until
the Certain comes to thee.
XVI

THE BEE

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


16:1 God's command comes; so seek not to hasten it. Glory be to Him! High be
He exalted above that they associate with Him! He sends down the angels with
the Spirit of His command upon whomsoever He will among His servants, saying:
Give you warning that there is no God but I; so fear you Me!

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He created the heavens and the earth in truth; high be He exalted above that they
associate With Him! He created man of a sperm-drop; and, behold, he is a
manifest adversary. And the cattle -16:5 He created them for you; in them is warmth, and uses various, and of them
you eat, and there is beauty in them for you, when you bring them home to rest
and when you drive them forth abroad to pasture; and they bear your loads unto a
land that you never would reach, excepting with great distress. Surely your Lord
is All-clement, All-compassionate. And horses, and mules, and asses, for you to
ride, and as an adornment; and He creates what you know not.
God's it is to show the way; and some do swerve from it. If He willed, He would
have guided you all together.
16:10 It is He who sends down to you out of heaven water of which you have to
drink, and of which trees, for you to pasture your herds, and thereby He brings
forth for you crops, and olives, and palms, and vines, and all manner of fruit.
Surely in that is a sign for a people who reflect. And He subjected to you the night
and day, and the sun and moon; and the stars are subjected by His command.
Surely in that are signs for a people who understand. And that which He has
multiplied for you in the earth of diverse hues. Surely in that is a sign for a people
who remember. It is He who subjected to you the sea, that you may eat of it fresh
flesh, and bring forth out of it ornaments for you to wear; and thou mayest see the
ships cleaving through it; and that you may seek of His bounty, and so haply you
will be thankful.
16:15 And He cast on the earth firm mountains, lest it shake with you, and rivers
and ways; so haply you will be guided; and waymarks; and by the stars they are
guided. Is He who creates as he who does not create? Will you not remember? If
you count God's blessing, you will never number it; surely God is All-forgiving, Allcompassionate.
And God knows what you keep secret and what you publish.
16:20 And those they call upon, apart from God, created nothing, and themselves
are created, dead, not alive; and are not aware when they shall be raised.
Your God is One God. And they who believe not in the world to come, their hearts
deny, and they have waxed proud. Without a doubt God knows what they keep
secret and what they publish;

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16:25 He loves not those that wax proud. And when it is said to them, 'What has
your Lord sent down?' they say, 'Fairy-tales of the ancients.'
That they may bear their loads complete on the Day of Resurrection, and some of
the loads of those that they lead astray without any knowledge. O evil the load
they bear!
Those that were before them contrived; then God came upon their building from
the foundations, and the roof fell down on them from over them, and the
chastisement came upon them from whence they were not aware.
Then on the Day of Resurrection He will degrade them, saying, 'Where are My
associates concerning which you made a breach together?' Those that were
given the knowledge will say,
16:30 'Degradation today and evil are on the unbelievers, whom the angels take
while still they are wronging themselves.' Then they will offer surrender: 'We were
doing nothing evil. 'Nay; but surety God has knowledge of the things you did. So
enter the gates of Gehenna, there to dwell forever.' Evil is the lodging of those
that wax proud. And it shall be said to the godfearing, 'What has your Lord sent
down?' They will say, 'Good! For those who do good in this world good; and
surely the abode of the world to come is better; excellent is the abode of the
godfearing -- Gardens of Eden they shall enter, underneath which rivers flow,
wherein they shall have all they will. So God recompenses the godfearing, whom
the angels take while they are goodly, saying, 'Peace be on you! Enter Paradise
for that you were doing.'
16:35 Do they look for aught but that the angels shall come to them, or thy Lord's
command shall come? So did those before them, and God wronged them not, but
themselves they wronged. So the evil things that they wrought smote them, and
they were encompassed by that they mocked at.
The idolators say, 'If God had willed we would not have served; apart from Him,
anything, neither we nor our fathers, nor would we have forbidden, apart from
Him, anything.' So did those before them; yet is aught for the Messengers, but to
deliver the manifest Message? Indeed, We sent forth among every nation a
Messenger,; saying: 'Serve you God, and eschew idols.' Then some of them God
guided, and some were justly disposed to error. So journey in the land, and
behold how was the end of them that cried lies.
Though thou art ever so eager to guide them, God guides not those whom He
leads astray; they have no helpers.

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16:40 They have sworn by God the most earnest oaths God will never raise up
him who dies; nay, it is a promise binding upon Him, but most men know not, so
that He may make clear to them that whereon they were at variance, and that the
unbelievers may know that they were truly liars. The only words We say to a
thing, when We desire it, is that We say to it 'Be,' and it is.
And those that emigrated in God's cause after they were wronged -- We shall
surely lodge them in this world in a goodly lodging, and the wage of the world to
come is greater, did they but know; even such men as are patient, and put their
trust in their Lord.
16:45 We sent not any before thee, except men to whom We revealed: 'Question
the people of the Remembrance, if it should be that you do not know -- with the
clear signs, and the Psalms; and We have sent down to thee the Remembrance
that thou mayest make clear to mankind what was sent down to them; and so
haply they will reflect.
Do they feel secure, those who devise evil things, that God will not cause the
earth to swallow them, or that the chastisement will not come upon them, from
whence they are not aware? Or that He will not seize them in their going to and
fro, and they will not be able to frustrate Him?
Or that He will not seize them, little by little destroying them? Surely thy Lord is
All-clement, All-compassionate.
16:50 Have they not regarded all things that God has created casting their
shadows to the right and to the left, bowing themselves before God in all
lowliness? To God bows everything in the heavens, and every creature crawling
on the earth, and the angels. They have not waxed proud; they fear their Lord
above them, and they do what they are commanded.
God says: 'Take not to you two gods. He is only One God; so have awe of Me.'
To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and earth; His is the religion for ever.
Then will you fear other than God?
16:55 Whatsoever blessing you have, it comes from God; then when affliction
visits you it is unto Him that you groan. Then, when He removes the affliction from
you, lo, a party of you assign associates to their Lord, that they may show
unthankfulness for that We have given them. So take your joy; certainly you will
soon know!

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And they appoint a share of that We have provided them to what they know not.
By God, you shall be questioned as to that you forged. And they assign to God
daughters; glory be to Him! -- and they have their desire;
16:60 and when any of them is given the good tidings of a girl, his face is
darkened and he chokes inwardly, as he hides him from the people because of
the evil of the good tidings that have been given unto him, whether he shall
preserve it in humiliation, or trample it; into the dust. Ah, evil is that they judge!
Those who believe not in the world to come, theirs is the evil likeness; God's is
the loftiest likeness; He is the All-mighty, the All-wise.
If God should take men to task for their evildoing, He would not leave on the earth
one creature that crawls; but He is deferring them to a term stated; and when
their term is come they shall not put it back by a single hour nor put it forward.
They assign to God that they themselves dislike; and their tongues describe
falsehood, that the reward most fair shall be theirs. Without any doubt theirs shall
be the Fire, and they are hastened in.
16:65 By God, assuredly We sent Messengers to nations before thee, but Satan
decked out fair to them their deeds; he is their protector today, and there yet
awaits them a painful chastisement.
And We have not sent down upon thee the Book except that thou mayest make
clear to them that whereon they were at variance, and as a guidance and as a
mercy to a people who believe.
And it is God who sends down out of heaven water, and therewith revives the
earth after it is dead. Surely in that is a sign for a people who have ears. And
surely in the cattle there is a lesson for you; We give you to drink of what is in
their bellies, between filth and blood, pure milk, sweet to drinkers. And of the fruits
of the palms and the vines, you take therefrom an intoxicant and a provision fair.
Surely in that is a sign for a people who understand.
16:70 And thy Lord revealed unto the bees, saying: 'Take unto yourselves, of the
mountains, houses, and of the trees, and of what they are building. Then eat of all
manner of fruit, and follow the ways of your Lord easy to go upon.'
Then comes there forth out of their bellies a drink of diverse hues wherein is
healing for men. Surely in that is a sign for a people who reflect.

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God created you; then He will gather you to Him; and some of you will be kept
back unto the vilest state of life, that after knowing somewhat, they may know
nothing; God is All-knowing, All-powerful.
And God has preferred some of you over others in provision;, but those that were
preferred shall not give over their provision to that their right hands possess, so
that they may be equal therein. What, and do they deny God's blessing?
God has appointed for you of yourselves wives, and He has appointed for you of
your wives sons and grandsons, and He has provided you of the good things.
What, do they believe in vanity, and do they disbelieve in God's blessing?
16:75 And do they serve, apart from God, that which has no power to provide
them anything from the heavens and the earth and can do nothing? So strike not
any similitudes for God; surely God knows, and you know not.
God has struck a similitude: a servant possessed by his master, having no power
over anything, and one whom We have provided of Ourselves with a provision
fair, and he expends of it secretly and openly.
Are they equal? Praise belongs to God! Nay, most of them know not. God has
struck a similitude: two men, one of them dumb, having no power over anything,
and he is a burden upon his master -- wherever he despatches him, he brings no
good.
Is he equal to him who bids to justice, and is on a straight path?
To God belongs the Unseen in the heavens and in the earth. And the matter of
the Hour is as a twinkling of the eye, or nearer. Surely God is powerful over
everything.
16:80 And it is God who brought you forth from your mothers' wombs, and He
appointed for you hearing, and sight, and hearts, that haply so you will be
thankful.
Have they not regarded the birds, that are subjected in the air of heaven? Naught
holds them but God; surely in that are signs for a people who believe.
And it is God who has appointed a place of rest for you of your houses, and He
has appointed for you of the skins of the cattle houses you find light on the day
that you journey, and on the day you abide, and of their wool, and of their fur, and
of their hair furnishing and an enjoyment for a while. And it is God who has

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appointed for you coverings of the things He created, and He has appointed for
you of the mountains refuges, and He has appointed for you shirts to protect you
from the heat, and shirts to protect you from your own violence. Even so He
perfects His blessing upon you, that haply you will surrender. So, if they turn their
backs, thine it is only to deliver the manifest Message.
16:85 They recognize the blessing of God, then they deny it, and the most of
them are the unthankful.
And the day We shall raise up from every nation a witness, then to the
unbelievers no leave shall be given, nor shall they be suffered to make amends.
And when the evildoers behold the chastisement, it shall not be lightened for
them, and no respite shall be given them. And when the idolaters behold their
associates, they shall say, 'Our Lord, these are our associates on whom we called
apart from Thee.' They will fling back at them the saying, 'Surely, you are truly
liars.' And they will offer God surrender that day, and there shall go
16:90 astray from them that they were forging. Those that disbelieve and bar from
the way of God -- them We shall give increase of chastisement upon
chastisement, for that they were doing corruption. And the day We shall raise up
from every nation a witness against them from amongst them, and We shall bring
thee as a witness against those.
And We have sent down on thee the Book making clear everything, and as a
guidance and a mercy, and as good tidings to those who surrender.
Surely God bids to justice and good-doing and giving to kinsmen; and He forbids
indecency, dishonour, and insolence, admonishing you, so that haply you will
remember.
Fulfil God's covenant, when you make covenant, and break not the oaths after
they have been confirmed, and you have made God your surety; surely God
knows the things you do.
And be not as a woman who breaks her thread, after it is firmly spun, into fibres,
by taking your oaths as mere mutual deceit, one nation being more numerous
than another nation. God only tries you thereby; and certainly He will make clear
to you upon the Day of Resurrection that whereon you were at variance.
16:95 If God had willed, He would have made you one nation; but He leads astray
whom He will, and guides whom He will; and you will surely be questioned about
the things you wrought. Take not your oaths as mere mutual deceit, lest any foot

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should slip after it has stood firm, and you should taste evil, for that you barred
from the way of God, and lest there should await you a mighty chastisement. And
do not sell the covenant of God for a small price; surely what is with God -- that is
better for you, did you but know.
What is with you comes to an end, but what is with God abides; and surely We
shall recompense those who were patient their wage, according to the best of
what they did.
And whosoever does a righteous deed, be it male or female, believing, We shall
assuredly give him to live a goodly life; and We shall recompense them their
wage, according to the best of what they did.
16:100 When thou recitest the Koran, seek refuge in God from the accursed
Satan; he has no authority over those who believe and trust in their Lord; his
authority is over those who take him for their friend and ascribe associates to
God.
And when We exchange a verse in the place of another verse and God knows
very well what He is sending down -- they say, 'Thou art a mere forger!' Nay, but
the most of them have no knowledge. Say: 'The Holy Spirit sent it down from thy
Lord in truth, and to confirm those who believe, and to be a guidance and good
tidings to those who surrender.' And We know very well that they say, 'Only a
mortal is teaching him.' The speech of him at whom they hint is barbarous; and
this is speech Arabic, manifest.
Those that believe not in the signs of God, God will not guide; there awaits them
a painful chastisement. They only forge falsehood, who believe not in the signs of
God, and those -- they are the liars.
Whoso disbelieves in God, after he has believed -- excepting him who has been
compelled, and his heart is still at rest in his belief -- but whosoever's breast is
expanded in unbelief, upon them shall rest anger from God, and there awaits
them a mighty chastisement; that, because they have preferred the present life
over the world to come, and that God guides not the people of the unbelievers.
16:110 Those -- God has set a seal on their hearts, and their hearing, and their
eyes, and those -- they are the heedless ones; without a doubt, in the world to
come they will be the losers.

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Then, surely thy Lord -- unto those who have emigrated after persecution, then
struggled and were patient -- surely thy Lord thereafter is All-forgiving, Allcompassionate.
The day that every soul shall come disputing in its own behalf; and every soul
shall be paid in full for what it wrought, and they shall not be wronged.
God has struck a similitude: a city that was secure, at rest, its provision coming to
it easefully from every place, then it was unthankful for the blessings of God; so
God let it taste the garment of hunger and of fear, for the things that they were
working.
There came indeed to them a Messenger from amongst them, but they cried him
lies; so they were seized by the chastisement while they were evildoers.
16:115 So eat of what God has provided you lawful and good; and be you
thankful for the blessing of God, if it be Him that you serve. These things only He
has forbidden you: carrion, blood, the flesh of swine, what has been hallowed to
other than God. Yet whoso is constrained, not desiring nor transgressing, God is
All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
And do not say, as to what your tongues falsely describe, 'This is lawful; and this
is forbidden, so that you may forge against God falsehood; surely those who
forge against God falsehood shall not prosper.
A little enjoyment, then for them awaits a painful chastisement. And those of
Jewry -- We have forbidden them what We related to thee before, and We
wronged them not, but they wronged themselves.
16:120 Then, surely thy Lord -- unto those who did evil in ignorance, then
repented after that and put things right -- surely thy Lord thereafter is All-forgiving,
All-compassionate.
Surely, Abraham was a nation obedient unto God, a man of pure faith and no
idolater, showing thankfulness for His blessings; He chose him, and He guided
him to a straight path. And We gave him in this world good, and in the world to
come he shall be among the righteous. Then We revealed to thee: 'Follow thou
the creed of Abraham, a man of pure faith and no idolater.' The Sabbath was only
appointed for those who were at variance thereon; surely thy Lord will decide
between them on the Day of Resurrection, touching their differences.

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Call thou to the way of thy Lord with wisdom and good admonition, and dispute
with them in the better way. Surely thy Lord knows very well those who have gone
astray from His way, and He knows very well those who are guided. And if you
chastise, chastise even as you have been chastised; and yet assuredly if you are
patient, better it is for those patient.
And be patient; yet is thy patience only with the help of God. And do not sorrow
for them, nor be thou straitened for what they devise. Surely God is with those
who are godfearing, and those who are good-doers.
XVII

THE NIGHT JOURNEY

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


17:1 Glory be to Him, who carried His servant by night from the Holy Mosque to
the Further Mosque the precincts of which We have blessed, that We might show
him some of Our signs. He is the All-hearing, the All-seeing.
And We gave Moses the Book, and made it a guidance to the Children of Israel:
'Take not unto yourselves any guardian apart from Me.'
The seed of those We bore with Noah; he was a thankful servant. And We
decreed for the Children of Israel in the Book: 'You shall do corruption in the earth
twice, and you shall ascend exceeding high.'
17:5 So, when the promise of the first of these came to pass, We sent against
you servants of Ours, men of great might, and they went through the habitations,
and it was a promise performed.
Then We gave back to you the turn to prevail over them, and We succoured you
with wealth and children, and We made you a greater host.
'If you do good, it is your own souls you do good to, and if you do evil it is to them
likewise.' Then, when the promise of the second came to pass, We sent against
you Our servants to discountenance you, and to enter the Temple, as they
entered it the first time, and to destroy utterly that which they ascended to.
Perchance your Lord will have mercy upon you; but if you return, We shall return;
and We have made Gehenna a prison for the unbelievers.

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Surely this Koran guides to the way that is straightest and gives good tidings to
the believers
17:10 who do deeds of righteousness, that theirs shall be a great wage, and that
those who do not believe in the world to come -- we have prepared for them a
painful chastisement.
Man prays for evil, as he prays for good; man is ever hasty. We have appointed
the night and the day as two signs; then We have blotted out the sign of the night,
and made the sign of the day to see, and that you may seek bounty from your
Lord, and that you may know the number of the years, and the reckoning; and
everything We have distinguished very distinctly.
And every man -- We have fastened to him his bird of omen upon his neck; and
We shall bring forth for him, on the Day of Resurrection, a book he shall find
spread wide open.
17:15 'Read thy book! Thy soul suffices thee this day as a reckoner against thee.'
Whosoever is guided, is only guided to his own gain, and whosoever goes astray,
it is only to his own loss; no soul laden bears the load of another. We never
chastise, until We send forth a Messenger.
And when We desire to destroy a city, We command its men who live at ease,
and they commit ungodliness therein, then the Word is realized against it, and We
destroy it utterly.
How many generations We have destroyed after Noah! Thy Lord suffices as one
who is aware of and sees the sins of His servants. Whosoever desires this hasty
world, We hasten for him therein what We will unto whomsoever We desire; then
We appoint for him Gehenna wherein he shall roast, condemned and rejected.
17:20 And whosoever desires the world to come and strives after it as he should,
being a believer -- those, their striving shall be thanked. Each We succour, these
and those, from thy Lord's gift; and thy Lord's gift is not confined.
Behold, how We prefer some of them over others! And surely the world to come is
greater in ranks, greater in preferment.
Set not up with God another god, or thou wilt sit condemned and forsaken. Thy
Lord has decreed you shall not serve any but Him, and to be good to parents,
whether one or both of them attains old age with thee; say not to them 'Fie'
neither chide them, but speak unto them words respectful,

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17:25 and lower to them the wing of humbleness out of mercy and say; 'My Lord,
have mercy upon them, as they raised me up when I was little.'
Your Lord knows very well what is in your hearts if you are righteous, for He is Allforgiving to those who are penitent. And give the kinsman his right, and the
needy, and the traveller; and never squander; the squanderers are brothers of
Satan, and Satan is unthankful to his Lord.
17:30 But if thou turnest from them, seeking mercy from thy Lord that thou hopest
for, then speak unto them gentle words. And keep not thy hand chained to thy
neck, nor outspread it widespread altogether, or thou wilt sit reproached and
denuded.
Surely thy Lord outspreads and straitens His provision unto whom He will; surely
He is aware of and sees His servants.
And slay not your children for fear of poverty; We will provide for you and them;
surely the slaying of them is a grievous sin. And approach not fornication; surely it
is an indecency, and evil as a way.
17:35 And slay not the soul God has forbidden, except by right. Whosoever is
slain unjustly, We have appointed to his next-of-kin authority; but let him not
exceed in slaying; he shall be helped.
And do not approach the property of the orphan save in the fairest manner, until
he is of age. And fulfil the covenant; surely the covenant shall be questioned of.
And fill up the measure when you measure, and weigh with the straight balance;
that is better and fairer in the issue. And pursue not that thou hast no knowledge
of; the hearing, the sight, the heart -- all of those shall be questioned of.
And walk not in the earth exultantly; certainly thou wilt never tear the earth open,
nor attain the mountains in height.
17:40 All of that -- the wickedness of it is hateful in the sight of thy Lord has
revealed to thee:
That is of the wisdom thy Lord set not up with God another god, or thou wilt be
cast into Gehenna, reproached and rejected.
What, has your Lord favoured you with sons and taken to Himself from the angels
females? Surely it is a monstrous thing you are saying! We have turned about in
this Koran, that they may remember; and it increases them only in aversion. Say:

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'If there had been other gods with Him, as they say, in that case assuredly they
would have sought a way unto the Lord of the Throne.' Glory be to Him!
45

High indeed be He exalted above that they say!


The seven heavens and the earth, and whosoever
in them is, extol Him; nothing is, that does not
proclaim His praise, but you do not understand their
extolling. Surely He is All-clement, All-forgiving.

When thou recitest the Koran, We place between thee, and those who do not
believe in the world to come, a curtain obstructing, and We lay veils upon their
hearts lest they understand it, and in their ears heaviness.
And when thou mentionest thy Lord only in the Koran, they turn in their traces in
aversion.
17:50 We know very well how they listen when they listen to thee, and when they
conspire, when the evildoers say, 'You are only following a man bewitched!'
Behold, how they strike similitudes for thee, and go astray, and cannot find a way!
They say, 'What, when we are bones and broken bits, shall we really be raised up
again in a new creation?'
Say: 'Let you be stones, or iron, or some creation yet more monstrous in your
minds!' Then they will say, 'Who will bring us back?' Say: 'He who originated you
the first time.' Then they will shake their heads at thee, and they will say, 'When
will it be?' Say: 'It is possible that it may be nigh, on the day when He will call you,
and you will answer praising Him, and you will think you have but tarried a little.'
17:55 And say to My servants, that they say words that are kindlier. For surely
Satan provokes strife between them, and Satan is ever a manifest foe to man.
Your Lord knows you very well; if He will, He will have mercy on you, or, if He will,
He will chastise you. We sent thee not to be a guardian over them.
And thy Lord knows very well all who are in the heavens and the earth; and We
have preferred some Prophets over others; and We gave to David Psalms.
Say: 'Call on those you asserted apart from Him; they have no power to remove
affliction from you, or to transfer it. Those they call upon are themselves seeking
the means to come to their Lord, which of them shall be nearer; they hope for His
mercy, and fear His chastisement. Surely thy Lord's chastisement is a thing to
beware of.

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17:60 No city is there, but We shall destroy it before the Day of Resurrection, or
We shall chastise it with a terrible chastisement; that is in the Book inscribed.
Naught prevented Us from sending the signs but that the ancients cried lies to
them; and We brought Thamood the She-camel visible, but they did her wrong.
And We do not send the signs, except to frighten. And when We said to thee,
'Surely thy Lord encompasses men,' and We made the vision that We showed
thee and the tree cursed in the Koran to be only a trial for men; and We frighten
them, but it only increases them in great insolence.
And when We said to the angels, 'Bow yourselves to Adam'; so they bowed
themselves, save Iblis; he said,, 'Shall I bow myself unto one Thou hast created
of clay?'
He said, 'What thinkest Thou? This whom Thou hast honoured above me -- if
Thou deferrest me to the Day of Resurrection I shall assuredly master his seed,
save a few.'
17:65 Said He, 'Depart! Those of them that follow thee -- surely Gehenna shall be
your recompense, an ample recompense! And startle whomsoever of them thou
canst with thy voice; and rally against them thy horsemen and thy foot, and share
with them in their wealth and their children, and promise them!' But Satan
promises them naught, except delusion.
'Surely over My servants thou shalt have no authority.' Thy Lord suffices as a
guardian.
Your Lord it is who drives for you the ships on the sea that you may seek His
bounty; surely He is All-compassionate towards you. And when affliction visits you
upon the sea, then there go astray those on whom you call except Him; and when
He delivers you to land, you turn away; man is ever unthankful.
17:70 Do you feel secure that He will not cause the shore to swallow you up, or
loose against you a squall of pebbles, then you will find no guardian for you? Or
do you feel secure that He will not send you back into it a second time, and loose
against you a hurricane of wind and drown you for your thanklessness, then you
will find no prosecutor for you against Us?
We have honoured the Children of Adam and carried them on land and sea, and
provided them with good things, and preferred them greatly over many of those
We created.

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On the day when We shall call all men with their record, and whoso is given his
book in his right hand -- those shall read their book, and they shall not be
wronged a single date-thread. And whosoever is blind in this world shall be blind
in the world to come, and he shall be even further astray from the way.
17:75 Indeed they were near to seducing thee from that We revealed to thee, that
thou mightest forge against Us another, and then they would surely have taken
thee as a friend; and had We not confirmed thee, surely thou wert near to
inclining unto them a very little; then would We have let thee taste the double of
life and the double of death; and then thou wouldst have found none to help thee
against Us.
Indeed they were near to startling thee from the land, to expel thee from it, and
then they would have tarried after thee only a little -- the wont of those We sent
before thee of Our Messengers; thou wilt find no change to Our wont.
17:80 Perform the prayer at the sinking of the sun to the darkening of the night
and the recital of dawn; surely the recital of dawn is witnessed. And as for the
night, keep vigil a part of it, as a work of supererogation for thee; it may be that
thy Lord will raise thee up to a laudable station. And say: 'My Lord, lead me in
with a just ingoing, and lead me out with a just outgoing; grant me authority from
Thee, to help me.' And say: 'The truth has come, and falsehood has vanished
away; surely falsehood is ever certain to vanish.'
And We send down, of the Koran, that which is a healing and a mercy to the
believers; and the unbelievers it increases not, except in loss.
17:85 And when We bless man, he turns away, and withdraws aside; but when
evil visits him, he is in despair. Say: 'Every man works according to his own
manner; but your Lord knows very well what man is best guided as to the way.'
They will question thee concerning the Spirit. Say: 'The Spirit is of the bidding of
my Lord. You have been given of knowledge nothing except a little.'
If We willed, We could take away that We have revealed to thee, then thou
wouldst find none thereover to guard thee against Us, excepting by some mercy
of thy Lord; surly His favour to thee is great.
17:90 Say: 'If men and jinn banded together to produce the like of this Koran, they
would never produce its like, not though they backed one another.' We have
indeed turned about for men in this Koran every manner of similitude; yet most

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men refuse all but unbelief. They say, 'We will not believe thee till thou makest a
spring to gush forth from the earth for us,
17:95 or till thou possessest a garden of plants and vines, and thou makest rivers
to gush forth abundantly all amongst it, or till thou makest heaven to fall, as thou
assertest, on us in fragments, or thou bringest God and the angels as a surety, or
till thou possessest a house of gold ornament, or till thou goest up into heaven;
and we will not believe thy going up till thou bringest down on us a book that we
may read. Say: 'Glory be to my Lord. Am I aught but a mortal, a Messenger?' And
naught prevented men from believing when the guidance came to them, but that
they said, 'Has God sent forth a mortal as Messenger?'
Say: 'Had there been in the earth angels walking at peace, We would have sent
down upon them out of heaven an angel as Messenger.'
Say: 'God suffices as a witness between me and you; surely He is aware of and
sees His servants.'
Whomsoever God guides, he is rightly guided; and whom He leads astray -- thou
wilt not find for them protectors, apart from Him. And We shall muster them on the
Resurrection Day upon their faces, blind, dumb, deaf; their refuge shall be
Gehenna, and whensoever it abates We shall increase for them the Blaze.
17:100 That is their recompense because they disbelieved in Our signs and said,
'What, when we are bones and broken bits, shall we really be raised up again in a
new creation?'
Have they not seen that God, who created the heavens and earth, is powerful to
create the like of them? He has appointed for them a term, no doubt of it; yet the
unbelievers refuse all but unbelief. Say: 'If you possessed the treasuries of my
Lord's mercy, yet would you hold back for fear of expending; and man is ever
niggardly.'
And We gave Moses nine signs, clear signs. Ask the Children of Israel when he
came to them, and Pharaoh said to him, 'Moses, I think thou art bewitched.'
17:105 He said, 'Indeed thou knowest that none sent these down, except the Lord
of the heavens and earth, as clear proofs; and, Pharaoh, I think thou art
accursed.' He desired to startle them from the land; and We drowned him and
those with him, all together. And We said to the Children of Israel after him, 'Dwell
in the land; and when the promise of the world to come comes to pass, We shall
bring you a rabble.'

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With the truth We have sent it down, and with the truth it has come down; and We
have sent thee not, except good tidings to bear, and warning; and a Koran We
have divided, for thee to recite it to mankind at intervals, and We have sent it
down successively.
Say: 'Believe in it, or believe not; those who were given the knowledge before it
when it is recited to them, fall down upon their faces prostrating, and say, "Glory
be to our Lord! Our Lord's promise is performed." And they fall down upon their
faces weeping; and it increases them in humility.'
17:110 Say: 'Call upon God, or call upon the Merciful; whichsoever you call upon,
to Him belong the Names Most Beautiful.'
And be thou not loud in thy prayer, nor hushed therein, but seek thou for a way
between that. And say: 'Praise belongs to God, who has not taken to Him a son,
and who has not any associate in the Kingdom, nor any protector out of
humbleness.'
And magnify Him with repeated magnificats.
XVIII

THE CAVE

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


18:1 Praise belongs to God who has sent down upon His servant the Book and
has not assigned unto it any crookedness; right, to warn of great violence from
Him, and to give good tidings unto the believers, who do righteous deeds, that
theirs shall be a goodly wage therein to abide for ever, and to warn those who
say, 'God has taken to Himself a son'; they have no knowledge of it, they nor their
fathers; a monstrous word it is, issuing out of their mouths; they say nothing but a
lie.
18:5 Yet perchance, if they believe not in this tiding, thou wilt consume thyself,
following after them, of grief. We have appointed all that is on the earth for an
adornment for it, and that We may try which of them is fairest in works; and We
shall surely make all that is on it barren dust.
Or dost thou think the Men of the Cave and Er-Rakeem were among Our signs a
wonder? When the youths took refuge in the Cave saying, 'Our lord, give us
mercy from Thee, and furnish us with rectitude in our affair.'

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18:10 Then We smote their ears many years in the Cave. Afterwards We raised
them up again, that We might know which of the two parties would better
calculate the while they had tarried. We will relate to thee their tidings truly. They
were youths who believed in their Lord, and We increased them in guidance.
And We strengthened their hearts, when they stood up and said, 'Our Lord is the
Lord of the heavens and earth; we will not call upon any god, apart from Him, or
then we had spoken outrage.
These our people have taken to them other gods, apart from Him. Ah, if only they
would bring some clear authority regarding them! But who does greater evil than
he who forges against God a lie?
18:15 So, when you have gone apart from them and that they serve, excepting
God, take refuge in the Cave, and your Lord will unfold to you of His mercy, and
will furnish -- you with a gentle issue of your affair.'
And thou mightest have seen the sun, when it rose, inclining from their Cave
towards the right, and, when it set, passing them by on the left, while they were in
a broad fissure of the Cave. That was one of God's signs; whomsoever God
guides, he is rightly guided, and whomsoever He leads astray, thou wilt not find
for him a protector to direct.
Thou wouldst have thought them awake, as they lay sleeping, while We turned
them 'now to the right, now to the left,' and their dog 'stretching its paws on the
threshold'. Hadst thou observed them surely thou wouldst have turned thy back
on them in flight, and been filled with terror of them.
And even so We raised them up again that they might question one another. One
of them said, 'How long have you tarried?' They said, 'We have tarried a day, or
part of a day.' They said, 'Your Lord knows very well how long you have tarried.
Now send one of you forth with this silver to the city, and let him look for which of
them has purest food, and bring you provision thereof; let him be courteous, and
apprise no man of you.
'If they should get knowledge of you they will stone you, or restore you to their
creed, then you will not prosper ever.'
18:20 And even so We made them stumble upon them, that they might know that
God's promise is true, and that the Hour -- there is no doubt of it. When they were
contending among themselves of their affair then they said, 'Build over them a

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building; their Lord knows of them very well.' Said those who prevailed over their
affair, 'We will raise over them a place of worship.'
(They will say, 'Three; and their dog was the fourth of them.' They will say, 'Five;
and their dog was the sixth of them' guessing at the Unseen. They will say,
'Seven; and their dog was the eighth of them.' Say: 'My Lord knows very well their
number, and none knows them, except a few.' So do not dispute with them,
except in outward disputation, and ask not any of them for a pronouncement on
them.
And do not say, regarding anything, 'I am going to do that tomorrow,' but only, 'If
God will'; and mention thy Lord, when thou forgettest, and say, 'It may be that my
Lord will guide me unto something nearer to rectitude than this.')
And they tarried in the Cave three hundred years, and to that they added nine
more.
18:25 Say: 'God knows very well how long they tarried. To Him belongs the
Unseen in the heavens and in the earth. How well He sees! How well He hears!
They have no protector, apart from Him, and He associates in His government no
one.'
Recite what has been revealed to thee of the Book of thy Lord; no man can
change His words. Apart from Him, thou wilt find no refuge.
And restrain thyself with those who call upon their Lord at morning and evening,
desiring His countenance, and let not thine eyes turn away from them, desiring
the adornment of the present life; and obey not him whose heart We have made
neglectful of Our remembrance so that he follows his own lust, and his affair has
become all excess.
Say: 'The truth is from your Lord; so let whosoever will believe, and let whosoever
will disbelieve.' Surely We have prepared for the evildoers a fire, whose pavilion
encompasses them; if they call for succour, they will be succoured with water like
molten copper, that shall scald their faces -- how evil a potion, and how evil a
resting-place!
Surely those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness -- surely We leave not
to waste the wage of him who does good works;
18:30 those -- theirs shall be Gardens of Eden, underneath which rivers flow;
therein they shall be adorned with bracelets of gold, and they shall be robed in

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green garments of silk and brocade, therein reclining upon couches -- O, how
excellent a reward! And O, how fair a resting-place!
And strike for them a similitude: two men.
To one of them We assigned two gardens of vines, and surrounded them with
palm-trees, and between them We set a sown field; each of the two gardens
yielded its produce and failed naught in any wise; and We caused to gush amidst
them a river. So he had fruit; and he said to his fellow, as he was conversing with
him, 'I have more abundance of wealth than thou and am mightier in respect of
men. And he entered his garden, wronging himself; he said, 'I do not think that
this will ever perish; I do not think that the Hour is coming; and if I am indeed
returned to my Lord, I shall surely find a better resort than this.'
18:35 Said his fellow, as he was conversing with him, 'What, disbelievest thou in
Him who created thee of dust, then of a sperm-drop, then shaped thee as a man?
But lo, He is God, my Lord, and I will not associate with my Lord any one.
Why, when thou wentest into thy garden, didst thou not say, "As God will; there is
no power except in God"? If thou seest me, that I am less than thou in wealth and
children, yet it may be that my Lord will give me better than thy garden, and loose
on it a thunderbolt out of heaven, so that in the morning it will be a slope of dust,
or in the morning the water of it will be sunk into the earth, so that thou wilt not be
able to seek it out.'
18:40 And his fruit was all encompassed, and in the morning he was wringing his
hands for that he had expended upon it, and it was fallen down upon its trellises,
and he was saying, 'Would I had not associated with my Lord any one!'
But there was no host to help him, apart from God, and he was helpless.
Thereover protection belongs only to God the True; He is best rewarding, best in
the issue.
And strike for them the similitude of the present life: it is as water that We send
down out of heaven, and the plants of the earth mingle with it; and in the morning
it is straw the winds scatter; and God is omnipotent over everything.
Wealth and sons are the adornment of the present world; but the abiding things,
the deeds of righteousness, are better with God in reward, and better in hope.
18:45 And on the day We shall set the mountains in motion, and thou seest the
earth coming forth, and We muster them so that We leave not so much as one of

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them behind; and they shall be presented before their Lord in ranks --'You have
come to Us, as We created you upon the first time; nay, you asserted We should
not appoint for you a tryst.' And the Book shall be set in place; and thou wilt see
the sinners fearful at what is in it, and saying, 'Alas for us! How is it with this
Book, that it leaves nothing behind, small or great, but it has numbered it?'
And they shall find all they wrought present, and thy Lord shall not wrong anyone.
And when We said to the angels, 'Bow yourselves to Adam'; so they bowed
themselves, save Iblis; he was one of the jinn, and committed ungodliness
against his Lord's command. What, and do you take him and his seed to be your
friends, apart from Me, and they an enemy to you? How evil is that exchange for
the evildoers! I made them not witnesses of the creation of the heavens and
earth, neither of the creation of themselves; I would not ever take those who lead
others astray to be My supporters.
18:50 And on the day He shall say, 'Call on My associates whom you asserted';
and then they shall call on them, but they will not answer them, and We shall set
a gulf between them. Then the evildoers will see the Fire, and think that they are
about to fall into it, and will find no escape from it.
We have indeed turned about for men in this Koran every manner of similitude;
man is the most disputatious of things.
And naught prevented men from believing when the guidance came unto them,
and seeking their Lord's forgiveness, but that the wont of the ancients should
come upon them, or that the chastisement should come upon them face to face.
And We send not the Envoys, but good tidings to bear, and warning. Yet do the
unbelievers dispute with falsehood, that they may rebut thereby the truth. They
have taken My signs, and what they are warned of, in mockery.
18:55 And who does greater evil than he who, being reminded of the signs of his
Lord, turns away from them and forgets what his hands have forwarded? Surely
We have laid veils on their hearts lest they understand it, and in their ears
heaviness; and though thou callest them to the guidance, yet they will not be
guided ever.
But thy Lord is the All-forgiving, full of mercy. If He should take them to task for
that they have earned, He would hasten for them the chastisement; but they have
a tryst, from which they will find no escape.

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And those cities, We destroyed them when they did evil, and appointed for their
destruction a tryst.
And when Moses said to his page, 'I will not give up until I reach the meeting of
the two seas, though I go on for many years.
18:60 Then, when they reached their meeting, they forgot their fish, and it took its
way into the sea, burrowing. When they had passed over, he said to his page,
'Bring us our breakfast; indeed, we have encountered weariness from this our
journey.' He said, 'What thinkest thou? When we took refuge in the rock, then I
forgot the fish -- and it was Satan himself that made me forget it so that I should
not remember it -- and so it took its way into the sea in a manner marvellous.'
Said he, 'This is what we were seeking!' And so they returned upon their tracks,
retracing them. Then they found one of Our servants unto whom We had given
mercy from Us, and We had taught him knowledge proceeding from Us.
18:65 Moses said to him, 'Shall I follow thee so that thou teachest me, of what
thou hast been taught, right judgment.' Said he, 'Assuredly thou wilt not be able to
bear with me patiently. And how shouldst thou bear patiently that thou hast never
encompassed in thy knowledge?' He said, 'Yet thou shalt find me, if God will,
patient; and I shall not rebel against thee in anything.' Said he, 'Then if thou
followest me, question me not on anything until I myself introduce the mention of
it to thee.'
18:70 So they departed; until, when they embarked upon the ship, he made a
hole in it. He said, 'What, hast thou made a hole in it so as to drown its
passengers? Thou hast indeed done a grievous thing.' Said he, 'Did I not say that
thou couldst never bear with me patiently?' He said, 'Do not take me to task that I
forgot, neither constrain me to do a thing too difficult.' So they departed; until,
when they met a lad, he slew him. He said, 'What, hast thou slain a soul innocent,
and that not to retaliate for a soul slain? Thou hast indeed done a horrible thing.'
Said he, 'Did I not say that thou couldst never bear with me patiently?'
18:75 He said, 'If I question thee on anything after this, then keep me company
no more; thou hast already experienced excuse sufficient on my part.' So they
departed; until, when they reached the people of a city, they asked the people for
food, but they refused to receive them hospitably. There they found a wall about
to tumble down, and so he set it up. He said, 'If thou hadst wished, thou couldst
have taken a wage for that.' Said he, 'This is the parting between me and thee.
Now I will tell thee the interpretation of that thou couldst not bear patiently. As for
the ship, it belonged to certain poor men, who toiled upon the sea; and I desired

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to damage it, for behind them there was a king who was seizing every ship by
brutal force.
As for the lad, his parents were believers; and we were afraid he would impose
on them insolence
18:80 and unbelief; so we desired that their Lord should give to them in exchange
one better than he in purity, and nearer in tenderness. As for the wall, it belonged
to two orphan lads in the city, and under it was a treasure belonging to them.
Their father was a righteous man; and thy Lord desired that they should come of
age and then bring forth their treasure as a mercy from thy Lord. I did it not of my
own bidding. This is the interpretation of that thou couldst not bear patiently.'
They will question thee concerning Dhool Karnain. Say: 'I will recite to you a
mention of him. We established him in the land, and We gave him a way to
everything; and he followed a way until, when he reached the setting of the sun,
he found it setting in a muddy spring, and he found nearby a people.
18:85 We said, 'O Dhool Karnain, either thou shalt chastise them, or thou shalt
take towards them a way of kindness.' He said, 'As for the evildoer, him we shall
chastise, then he shall be returned to his Lord and He shall chastise him with a
horrible chastisement. But as for him who believes, and does righteousness, he
shall receive as recompense the reward most fair, and we shall speak to him, of
our command, easiness.'
Then he followed a way until, when he reached the rising of the sun, he found it
rising upon a people for whom We had not appointed any veil to shade them from
it.
18:90 So; and We encompassed in knowledge what was with him. Then he
followed a way until, when he reached between the two barriers, he found this
side of them a people scarcely able to understand speech. They said, 'O Dhool
Karnain, behold, Gog and Magog are doing corruption in the earth; so shall we
assign to thee a tribute, against thy setting up a barrier between us and between
them?' He said, 'That wherein my Lord has established me is better; so aid me
forcefully, and I will set up a rampart between you and between them.
18:95 Bring me ingots of iron!' Until, when he had made all level between the two
cliffs, he said, 'Blow!' Until, when he had made it a fire, he said, 'Bring me, that I
may pour molten brass on it.'

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So they were unable either to scale it or pierce it. He said, 'This is a mercy from
my Lord. But when the promise of my Lord comes to pass, He will make it into
powder; and my Lord's promise is ever true.'
Upon that day We shall leave them surging on one another, and the Trumpet shall
be blown, and We shall gather them together,
18:100 and upon that day We shall present Gehenna to the unbelievers whose
eyes were covered against My remembrance, and they were not able to hear.
What, do the unbelievers reckon that they may take My servants as friends, apart
from Me? We have prepared Gehenna for the unbelievers' hospitality.
Say: 'Shall We tell you who will be the greatest losers in their works? Those
whose striving goes astray in the present life, while they think that they are
working good deeds.
18:105 Those are they that disbelieve in the signs of their Lord and the encounter
with Him; their works have failed, and on the Day of Resurrection We shall not
assign to them any weight. That is their recompense -- Gehenna for that they
were unbelievers and took My signs and My messengers in mockery.
But those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness -- the Gardens of Paradise
shall be their hospitality, therein to dwell forever, desiring no removal out of them.'
Say:. 'If the sea were ink for the Words of my Lord, the sea would be spent before
the Words of my Lord are spent, though We brought replenishment the like of it.'
18:110 Say: 'I am only a mortal the like of you; it is revealed to me that your God
is One God. So let him, who hopes for the encounter with his Lord, work
righteousness, and not associate with his Lord's service anyone.
XIX

MARY

In the Name of God; the Merciful, the Compassionate


19:1 Kaf Ha Ya Ain Sad
The mention of thy Lord's mercy unto His servant Zachariah; when he called
upon his Lord secretly saying, 'O my Lord, behold the bones within me are feeble

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and my head is all aflame with hoariness. And in calling on Thee, my Lord, I have
never been hitherto unprosperous.
19:5 And now I fear my kinsfolk after I am gone; and my wife is barren. So give
me, from Thee, a kinsman who shall be my inheritor and the inheritor of the
House of Jacob; and make him, my Lord, well-pleasing.'
'O Zachariah, We give thee good tidings of a boy, whose name is John. No
namesake have We given him aforetime.'
He said, 'O my Lord, how shall I have a son, seeing my wife is barren, and I have
attained to the declining of old age?' Said He, 'So it shall be; thy Lord says, "Easy
is that for Me, seeing that I created thee aforetime, when thou wast nothing."'
He said, 'Lord, appoint to me some sign.' Said He, 'Thy sign is that thou shall not
speak to men, though being without fault, three nights.'
19;10 So he came forth unto his people from the Sanctuary, then he made signal
to them, 'Give you glory at dawn and evening.'
'O John, take the Book forcefully'; and We gave him judgment, yet a little child,
and a tenderness from Us, and purity; and he was godfearing, and cherishing his
parents, not arrogant, rebellious.
19:15 'Peace be upon him, the day he was born, and the day he dies, and the
day he is raised up alive!'
And mention in the Book Mary when she withdrew from her people to an eastern
place, and she took a veil apart from them; then We sent unto her Our Spirit that
presented himself to her a man without fault. She said, 'I take refuge in the Allmerciful from thee!
If thou fearest God. . . He said, 'I am but a messenger come from thy Lord, to give
thee a boy most pure.
19:20 She said, 'How shall I have a son whom no mortal has touched, neither
have I been unchaste?' He said, 'Even so thy Lord has said: "Easy is that for Me;
and that We may appoint him a sign unto men and a mercy from Us; it is a thing
decreed."'
So she conceived him, and withdrew with him to a distant place. And the
birthpangs surprised her by the trunk of the palm-tree. She said, 'Would I had

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died ere this, and become a thing forgotten!' But the one that was below her
called to her, 'Nay, do not sorrow; see, thy Lord has set below thee a rivulet.
19:25 Shake also to thee the palm-trunk, and there shall come tumbling upon
thee dates fresh and ripe. Eat therefore, and drink, and be comforted; and if thou
shouldst see any mortal, say, "I have vowed to the All-merciful a fast, and today I
will not speak to any man. Then she brought the child to her folk carrying him;
and they said, 'Mary, thou hast surely committed a monstrous thing! Sister of
Aaron, thy father was not a wicked man, nor was thy mother a woman unchaste.'
19:30 Mary pointed to the child then; but they said, 'How shall we speak to one
who is still in the cradle, a little child?' He said, 'Lo, I am God's servant; God has
given me the Book, and made me a Prophet. Blessed He has made me,
wherever I may be; and He has enjoined me to pray, and to give the alms, so long
as I live, and likewise to cherish my mother; He has not made me arrogant,
unprosperous.
Peace be upon me, the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I am raised
up alive!'
19:35 That is Jesus, son of Mary, in word of truth, concerning which they are
doubting. It is not for God to take a son unto Him. Glory be to Him! When He
decrees a thing, He but says to it 'Be,' and it is. Surely God is my Lord, and your
Lord; So serve you Him. This is a straight path.
But the parties have fallen into variance among themselves; then woe to those
who disbelieve for the scene of a dreadful day. How well they will hear and see on
the day they come to Us! But the evildoers even today are in error manifest.
19:40 Warn thou them of the day of anguish, when the matter shall be
determined, and they yet heedless and unbelieving. Surely We shall inherit the
earth and all that are upon it, and unto Us they shall be returned.
And mention in the Book Abraham; surely he was a true man, a Prophet. When
he said to his father, 'Father, why worshippest thou that which neither hears nor
sees, nor avails thee anything? Father, there has come to me knowledge such as
came not to thee; so follow me, and I will guide thee on a level path.
19:45 Father, serve not Satan; surely Satan is a rebel against the All-merciful.
Father, I fear that some chastisement from the All-merciful will smite thee, so that
thou becomest a friend to Satan. Said he, 'What, art thou shrinking from my gods,
Abraham? Surely, if thou givest not over, I shall stone thee; so forsake me now for

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some while.' He said, 'Peace be upon thee! I will ask my Lord to forgive thee;
surely He is ever gracious to me. Now I will go apart from you and that you call
upon, apart from God; I will call upon my Lord, and haply I shall not be, in calling
upon my Lord, unprosperous.
19:50 So, when he went apart from them and that they were serving, apart from
God, We gave him Isaac and Jacob, and each We made a Prophet; and We gave
them of Our mercy, and We appointed unto them a tongue of truthfulness,
sublime.
And mention in the Book Moses; he was devoted, and he was a Messenger, a
Prophet. We called to him from the right side of the Mount, and We brought him
near in communion. And We gave him his brother Aaron, of Our mercy, a
Prophet.
19:55 And mention in the Book Ishmael; he was true to his promise, and he was a
Messenger, a Prophet.
He bade his people to pray and to give the alms, and he was pleasing to his Lord.
And mention in the Book Idris; he was a true man, a Prophet. We raised him up to
a high place.
These are they whom God has blessed among the Prophets of the seed of Adam,
and of those We bore with Noah, and of the seed of Abraham and Israel, and of
those We guided and chose. When the signs of the All-merciful were recited to
them, they fell down prostrate, weeping.
19:60 Then there succeeded after them a succession who wasted the prayer, and
followed lusts; so they shall encounter error save him who repents, and believes,
and does a righteous deed; those -- they shall enter Paradise, and they shall not
be wronged anything; Gardens of Eden that the All-merciful promised His
servants in the Unseen; His promise is ever performed. There they shall hear no
idle talk, but only 'Peace.' There they shall have their provision at dawn and
evening. That is Paradise which We shall give as an inheritance to those of Our
servants who are godfearing.
19:65 We come not down, save at the commandment of thy Lord. To Him belongs
all that is before us, and all that is behind us, and all between that.

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And thy Lord is never forgetful, Lord He of the heavens and earth and all that is
between them. So serve Him, and be thou patient in His service; knowest thou
any that can be named with His Name?
Man says, 'What, when I am dead shall I then be brought forth alive?' Will not
man remember that We created him aforetime, when he was nothing? Now, by
thy Lord, We shall surely muster them, and the Satans, then We shall parade
them about Gehenna hobbling on their knees.
19:70 Then We shall pluck forth from every party whichever of them was the most
hardened in disdain of the All-merciful; then We shall know very well those most
deserving to burn there.
Not one of you there is, but he shall go down to it; that for thy Lord is a thing
decreed, determined. Then We shall deliver those that were godfearing; and the
evildoers We shall leave there, hobbling on their knees. When Our signs are
recited to them as clear signs, the unbelievers say to the believers, 'Which of the
two parties is better in station, fairer in assembly?'
19:75 And how many a generation We destroyed before them, who were fairer in
furnishing and outward show! Say: 'Whosoever is in error, let the All-merciful
prolong his term for him! Till, when they see that they were threatened, whether
the chastisement, or the Hour, then they shall surely know who is worse in place,
and who is weaker in hosts.'
And God shall increase those who were guided in guidance; and the abiding
things, the deeds of righteousness, are better with thy Lord in reward, and better
in return.
19:80 Hast thou seen him who disbelieves in Our signs and says, 'Assuredly I
shall be given wealth and children'? What, has he observed the Unseen, or taken
a covenant with the All-merciful? No, indeed! We shall assuredly write down all
that he says, and We shall prolong for him the chastisement; and We shall inherit
from him that he says, and he shall come to Us alone.
And they have taken to them other gods apart from God, that they might be for
them a might.
19:85 No, indeed! They shall deny their service, and they shall be against them
pitted. Hast thou not seen how We sent the Satans against the unbelievers, to
prick them? So hasten thou not against them; We are only numbering for them a
number.

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On the day that We shall muster the godfearing to the All-merciful with pomp and
drive the evildoers into Gehenna herding,
19:90 having no power of intercession, save those who have taken with the Allmerciful covenant.
And they say, 'The All-merciful has taken unto Himself a son.' You have indeed
advanced something hideous!
The heavens are wellnigh rent of it and the earth split asunder, and the mountains
wellnigh fall down crashing for that they have attributed to the All-merciful a son;
and it behoves not the All-merciful to take a son.
None is there in the heavens and earth but he comes to the All-merciful as a
servant; He has indeed counted them, and He has numbered them exactly.
19:95 Every one of them shall come to Him upon the Day of Resurrection, all
alone. Surely those who believe and do deeds of righteousness -- unto them the
All-merciful shall assign love.
Now We have made it easy by thy tongue that thou mayest bear good tidings
thereby to the godfearing, and warn a people stubborn. And how many a
generation We destroyed before them! Dost thou perceive so much as one of
them, or hear of them a whisper?
XX

TA HA

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


20:1 Ta Ha
We have not sent down the Koran upon thee for thee to be unprosperous, but
only as a reminder to him who fears, a revelation from Him who created the earth
and the high heavens; the All-compassionate sat Himself upon the Throne; to Him
belongs
20:5 all that is in the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, and all
that is underneath the soil.

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Be thou loud in thy speech, yet surely He knows the secret and that yet more
hidden. God -- there is no god but He. To Him belong the Names Most Beautiful.
Hast thou received the story of Moses? When he saw a fire, and said to his
family, 'Tarry you here; I observe a fire.
20:10 Perhaps I shall bring you a brand from it, or I shall find at the fire guidance.'
When he came to it, a voice cried, 'Moses, I am thy Lord; put off thy shoes; thou
art in the holy valley, Towa. I Myself have chosen thee; therefore give thou ear to
this revelation.
Verily I am God; there is no god but I; therefore serve Me, and perform the prayer
of My remembrance.
The Hour is coming; I would conceal it that every soul may be recompensed for
its labours. Let none bar thee from it, that believes not in it but follows after his
own caprice, or thou wilt perish. What is that, Moses, thou hast in thy right hand?'
'Why, it is my staff,' said Moses. 'I lean upon it, and with it I beat down leaves to
feed my sheep; other uses also I find in it.
20:20 Said He, 'Cast it down, Moses!' and he cast it down, and behold it was a
serpent sliding. Said He, 'Take it, and fear not; We will restore it to its first state.
Now clasp thy hand to thy arm-pit; it shall come forth white, without evil. That is a
second sign. So We would show thee some of Our greatest signs.
20:25 'Go to Pharaoh; he has waxed insolent.' 'Lord, open my breast,' said
Moses, 'and do Thou ease for me my task. Unloose the knot upon my tongue,
that they may understand my words.
20:30 'Appoint for me of my folk a familiar, Aaron, my brother; by him confirm my
strength, and associate him with me in my task. So shall we glorify Thee, and
remember Thee abundantly.
20:35 'Surely Thou seest into us.' Said He, 'Thou art granted, Moses, thy petition.
Already another time We favoured thee, when We revealed what was revealed
unto thy mother: "Cast him into the ark, and cast him into the river, and let the
river throw him up on the shore. An enemy of Mine and his shall take him."
20:40 And I loaded on thee love from Me, and to be formed in My sight, when thy
sister went out, saying, "Shall I point you to one to have charge of him?" So We
returned thee to thy mother that she might rejoice, and not sorrow. Then thou
slewest; a living soul, and We delivered thee out of grief, and We tried thee with

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many trials. Many years among the people of Midian thou didst sojourn, then
camest hither, Moses, according to a decree.
I have chosen thee for My service; go therefore, thou and thy brother; with My
signs, and neglect not
20:45 to remember Me. Go to Pharaoh, for he has waxed insolent; yet speak
gently to him, that haply he may be mindful, or perchance fear.' 'O our Lord,' said
Moses and Aaron, 'truly we fear he may exceed against us, or wax insolent.'
'Fear not,' said He. 'Surely I shall be with you, hearing and seeing. So go you
both to Pharaoh, and say, "We are the Messengers of thy Lord, so send forth with
us the Children of Israel and chastise them not; we have brought thee a sign from
thy Lord; and peace be upon him who follows the guidance!
20:50 It has been revealed to us that chastisement shall light upon him who cries
lies and turns his back."
Pharaoh said, 'Who is your Lord, Moses?' He said, 'Our Lord is He who gave
everything its creation, then guided it.' Pharaoh said, 'And what of the former
generations?' Said Moses, 'The knowledge of them is with my Lord, in a Book; my
Lord goes not astray, nor forgets -20:55 He who appointed the earth to be a cradle for you, and therein threaded
roads for you, and sent down water out of heaven, and therewith We have
brought forth divers kinds of plants. Do you eat, and pasture your cattle! Surely in
that are signs for men possessing reason. Out of the earth We created you, and
We shall restore you into it, and bring you forth from it a second time.' So We
showed Pharaoh all Our signs, but he cried lies, and refused. 'Hast thou come,
Moses,' he said, 'to expel us out of our land
20:60 'by thy sorcery? We shall assuredly bring thee sorcery the like of it;
therefore appoint a tryst between us and thee, a place mutually agreeable, and
we shall not fail it, neither thou.' 'Your tryst shall be upon the Feast Day.' said
Moses. 'Let the people be mustered at the high noon. Pharaoh then withdrew,
and gathered his guile. Thereafter he came again, and Moses said to them, 'O
beware! Forge not a lie against God, lest He destroy you with a chastisement.
Whoso forges has ever failed.'
20:65 And they disputed upon their plan between them, and communed secretly
saying, 'These two men are sorcerers and their purpose is to expel you out of
your land by their sorcery, and to extirpate your justest way. So gather your guile;

202

then come in battle-line. Whoever today gains the upper hand shall surely
prosper.
They said, 'Moses, either thou wilt cast, or we shall be the first to cast.' 'No,' said
Moses. 'Do you cast!' And lo, it seemed to him, by their sorcery, their ropes and
their staffs were sliding;
20:70 and Moses conceived a fear within him. We said unto him, 'Fear not; surely
thou art the uppermost. Cast down what is in thy right hand, and it shall swallow
what they have fashioned; for they have fashioned only the guile of a sorcerer,
and the sorcerer prospers not; wherever he goes.' And the sorcerers cast
themselves down prostrating. 'We believe,' they said, 'in the Lord of Aaron and
Moses.' Pharaoh said, 'Have you believed him before I gave you leave? Why, he
is the chief of you, the same that taught you sorcery; I shall assuredly cut off
alternately your hands and feet, then I shall crucify you upon the trunks of palmtrees; you shall know of a certainty which of us is more terrible in chastisement,
and more abiding.'
20:75 They said, 'We will not prefer thee over the clear signs that have come to
us, nor over Him who originated us. Decide then what thou wilt decide; thou canst
only decide touching this present life. We believe in our Lord, that He may pardon
us our offences, and the sorcery thou hast constrained us to practise; God is
better, and more abiding.'
Whosoever comes unto his Lord a sinner, for him awaits Gehenna wherein he
shall neither die nor live. And whoso comes unto Him a believer having done
deeds of righteousness, those -- for them await the most sublime degrees;
Gardens of Eden, underneath which rivers flow, therein dwelling forever; that is
the recompense of the self-purified.
Also We revealed unto Moses, 'Go with My servants by night; strike for them a
dry path in the sea,
20:80 fearing not overtaking, neither afraid.' Pharaoh followed them with his
hosts, but they were overwhelmed by the sea; so Pharaoh had led his people
astray, and was no guide to them.
Children of Israel, We delivered you from your enemy; and We made covenant
with you upon the right side of the Mount, and sent down on you manna and
quails:

203

'Eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you; but exceed not therein,
or My anger shall alight on you; and on whomsoever My anger alights, that man
is hurled to ruin. Yet I am All-forgiving to him who repents and believes, and does
righteousness, and at last is guided.'
20:85 'What has sped thee far from thy people, Moses?' 'They are upon my
tracks,' Moses said. 'I have hastened, Lord, only that I may please Thee.'
Said He, 'We have tempted thy people since thou didst leave them. The
Samaritan has misled them into error.' Then Moses returned very angry and
sorrowful to his people, saying, 'My people, did your Lord not promise a fair
promise to you? Did the time of the covenant seem so long to you, or did you
desire that anger should alight on you from your Lord, so that you failed in your
tryst with me?'
20:90 'We have not failed in our tryst with thee,' they said, 'of our volition; but we
were loaded with fardels, even the ornaments of the people, and we cast them,
as the Samaritan also threw them, into the fire.' (Then he brought out for them a
Calf, a mere body that lowed; and they said, 'This is your god, and the god of
Moses, whom he has forgotten.' What? Did they not see that thing returned no
speech unto them, neither had any power to hurt or profit them? Yet Aaron had
aforetime said to them, 'My people, you have been tempted by this thing, no
more; surety your Lord is the All-merciful; therefore follow me, and obey my
commandment!' 'We will not cease,' they said, 'to cleave to it, until Moses returns
to us.')
Moses said, 'What prevented thee, Aaron, when thou sawest them in error, so
that thou didst not follow after me? Didst thou then disobey my commandment?'
20:95 'Son of my mother,' Aaron said, 'take me not by the beard, or the head! I
was fearful that thou wouldst say, "Thou hast divided the Children of Israel, and
thou hast not observed my word." Moses said, 'And thou, Samaritan, what was
thy business?' 'I beheld what they beheld not,' he said, 'and I seized a handful of
dust from the messenger's track, and cast it into the thing. So my soul prompted
me.' 'Depart!' said Moses. 'It shall be thine all this life to cry "Untouchable!" And
thereafter a tryst awaits thee thou canst not fail to keep. Behold thy god, to whom
all the day thou wast cleaving! We will surely burn it and scatter its ashes into the
sea. Your God is only the One God; there is no god, but He alone who in His
knowledge embraces everything.'
20:100 So We relate to thee stories of what has gone before, and We have given
thee a remembrance from Us. Whosoever turns away from it, upon the Day of

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Resurrection He shall bear a fardel, therein abiding forever; how evil upon the
Day of Resurrection that burden for them!
On the day the Trumpet is blown; and We shall muster the sinners upon that day
with eyes staring, whispering one to another, 'You have tarried only ten nights.'
We know very well what they will say, when the justest of them in the way will say,
'You have tarried only a day.'
20:105 They will question thee concerning the mountains. Say: 'My Lord will
scatter them as ashes; then He will leave them a level hollow wherein thou wilt
see no crookedness neither any curving.'
On that day they will follow the Summoner in whom is no crookedness; voices will
be hushed to the All-merciful, so that thou hearest naught but a murmuring. Upon
that day the intercession will not profit, save for him to whom the All-merciful gives
leave, and whose speech He approves. He knows what is before them and
behind them, and they comprehend Him not in knowledge.
20:110 And faces shall be humbled unto the Living, the Eternal. He will have
failed whose burden is of evildoing; but whosoever does deeds of righteousness,
being a believer, shall fear neither wrong nor injustice.
Even so We have sent it down as an Arabic Koran, and We have turned about in
it something of threats, that haply they may be godfearing, or it may arouse in
them remembrance.
So high exalted be God, the true King! And hasten not with the Koran ere its
revelation is accomplished unto thee; and say, 'O my Lord, increase me in
knowledge.'
20:115 And We made covenant with Adam before, but he forgot, and We found in
him no constancy. And when We said to the angels, 'Bow yourselves to Adam'; so
they bowed themselves, save Iblis; he refused. Then We said, 'Adam, surely this
is an enemy to thee and thy wife. So let him not expel you both from the Garden,
so that thou art unprosperous.
It is assuredly given to thee neither to hunger therein, nor to go naked, neither to
thirst therein, nor to suffer the sun.'
Then Satan whispered to him saying, 'Adam, shall I point thee to the Tree of
Eternity, and a Kingdom that decays not?'

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So the two of them ate of it, and their shameful parts revealed to them, and they
took to stitching upon themselves leaves of the Garden. And Adam disobeyed his
Lord, and so he erred.
20:120 Thereafter his Lord chose him, and turned again unto him, and He guided
him.
Said He, 'Get you down, both of you together, out of it, each of you an enemy to
each; but if there comes to you from Me guidance, then whosoever follows My
guidance shall not go astray, neither shall he be unprosperous; but whosoever
turns away from My remembrance, his shall be a life of narrowness, and on the
Resurrection Day We shall raise him blind.'
20:125 He shall say, 'O my Lord, why hast thou raised me blind, and I was wont
to see?'
God shall say, 'Even so it is. Our signs came unto thee, and thou didst forget
them; and so today thou art forgotten.' So We recompense him who is prodigal
and believes not in the signs of his Lord; and the chastisement of the world to
come is more terrible and more enduring.
Is it not a guidance to them, how many generations We destroyed before them in
whose dwelling-places they walk? Surely in that are signs for men possessing
reason. And but for a word that preceded from thy Lord, and a stated term, it had
been fastened.
20:130 So be thou patient under what they say, and proclaim thy Lord's praise
before the rising of the sun, and before its setting, and proclaim thy Lord's praise
in the watches of the night, and at the ends of the day; haply thou wilt be wellpleasing. Stretch not thine eyes to that We have given pairs of them to enjoy -the flower of the present life, that We may try them therein and thy Lord's
provision is better, and more enduring. And bid thy family to pray, and be thou
patient in it; We ask of thee no provision, but it is We who provide thee. And the
issue ultimate is to godfearing.
They say, 'Why does he not bring us a sign from his Lord?' Has there not come to
them the clear sign of what is in the former scrolls?
Had We destroyed them with a chastisement aforetime, they would have said,
'Our Lord, why didst Thou not send us a Messenger, so that we might have
followed Thy signs before that we were humiliated and degraded?'

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20:135 Say: 'Everyone is waiting; so wait, and assuredly you shall know who are
the travellers on the even path, and who is guided.'

The Koran
Volume 2
PREFACE (second)
This volume contains the second half of a new version of the Koran; it thus
marks the completion of one phase of a labour which is in the nature of
things unending. Over a period of many months the Koran has been my
constant companion, the object of my most attentive study. Though many
can certainly claim to have read the Koran, indeed over and over again,
and to know it Well. I think it may be reasonably asserted that their
understanding and appreciation of the book will always fall short of what
may be attained by one who undertakes to translate it in full and with all
possible fidelity. I had myself studied the Koran and perused it from end to
end over many years, before I embarked upon making a version of it;
assuredly the careful discipline of trying to find the best English equivalent
for every meaning and every rhythm of the original Arabic has profoundly
deepened my own penetration into the heart of the Koran, and has at the
same time sharpened my awareness of its mysterious and compelling
beauty. For this reason, if for no other, I think it is justifiable to adopt the
unusual procedure of adding a separate preface to the second instalment
of a two-volume work. I suppose I shall never again recapture the
freshness and excitement of the experience just now completed; the
passing months and years will inevitably blur the image; this is the
moment, or never, to attempt to record the impact which a sustained and
concentrated exploration of the Koran has left on my mind and my heart.
First let us look again at the rhythm; for it is to the rhythm that I constantly
return as I grope for a clue to the arresting, the hypnotic power of the
Muslim scriptures. I was talking about this power to an Arab friend; before I
could say what I would have said he spoke in terms that expressed exactly
what was in my mind. 'Whenever I hear the Koran chanted, it is as though I
am listening to music; underneath the flowing melody there is sounding all
the time the insistent beat of a drum.' Then he added, 'It is like the beating
of my heart.' A keen sense of rhythm is of course one of the most
outstanding characteristics of the Arab genius; it has displayed itself in a

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great variety of ways. No other people has evolved a prosody of


comparable richness and complexity; the metres in which Arab poets have
composed from earliest times exhibit a wide range of rhythmic patterns, all
used with seemingly effortless ease, and each eliciting a distinctive
response from the listener. Arab music reveals the same quality. I well
recall a wonderful evening, many years ago, when somewhere in the
Egyptian desert I sat in the gathering darkness and heard far off -- it may
have been a mile, it may have been two miles distant -- an encampment of
Bedouins singing to the accompaniment of their primitive drums and
strings; the theme was being repeated endlessly, each repetition showing
a subtle variation of melodic line and rhythm. So it is with architectural
ornament; so it is with arabesque design. The wellnigh impenetrable maze
of delicate tracery dances to the beat of a strong and urgent rhythm.
Rhythm runs insistently through the entire Koran; but it is a changeful,
fluctuating rhythm, ranging from the gentle, lulling music of the narrative
and legislative passages, through the lively counterpoint of the hymns of
praise, to the shattering drum-rolls of the apocalyptic movements. Almost
all Western scholars who have ever written about the Koran have made
the comment, with a slavish repetitiveness, that the early revelations -those received at Mecca before the Hegira, mostly descriptive of the
imminent end of the world and the coming Day of Doom -- are more
poetical than the later parts. Thus R. A. Nicholson remarked, in his Literary
History of the Arabs: 'The preposterous arrangement of the Koran is mainly
responsible for the opinion almost unanimously held by European readers
that it is obscure, tiresome, uninteresting; a farrago of long-winded
narratives and prosaic exhortations, quite unworthy to be named in the
same breath with the Prophetical Books of the Old Testament. One may,
indeed, peruse the greater part of the volume, beginning with the first
chapter, and find but a few passages of genuine enthusiasm to relieve the
prevailing dullness. It is in the short Suras placed at the end of the Koran
that we must look for evidence of Muhammad's prophetic gift. These are
the earliest of all; in these the flame of inspiration burns purely and its
natural force is not abated.'
This was the verdict of a great scholar justly renowned for his
fairmindedness; it betrays a deafness, shared by him with all too many, to
that very rhythmical quality which marks the Koran apart from all other
books. It is therefore all the more refreshing to read, in a very recent work
by Professor A. Guillaume (Islam: Penguin Books), an appreciation so
notably nonconformist. 'The Koran is one of the world's classics which

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cannot be translated without grave loss. It has a rhythm of peculiar beauty


and a cadence that charms the ear. Many Christian Arabs speak of its style
with warm admiration, and most Arabists acknowledge its excellence.
When it is read aloud or recited it has an almost hypnotic effect that makes
the listener indifferent to its sometimes strange syntax and its sometimes,
to us, repellent content. It is this quality it possesses of silencing criticism
by the sweet music of its language that has given birth to the dogma of its
inimitability; indeed it may be affirmed that within the literature of the Arabs,
wide and fecund as it is both in poetry and in elevated prose, there is
nothing to compare with it.' These two contrasting statements epitomise
the gulf which divides a musically sensitive from a musically insensitive
reading of one and the same book. Aesthetically judged, there should be
no question of the superiority or the inferiority of certain parts of the Koran.
The rhythm changes, admittedly; yet it never ceases. The cataract
transforms itself into a softly running stream; but the broad later sweep of
the waters of inspiration is no less beautiful or majestic than the
tumultuous thunder of their earlier flow.
Disciples of the Higher Criticism, having watched with fascinated
admiration how their masters played havoc with the traditional
sacrosanctity of the Bible, threw themselves with brisk enthusiasm into the
congenial task of demolishing the Koran. Taking as their point of departure
that rough classification of the Suras, a crude analysis preserved from far
antiquity, which marked some as having been revealed at Mecca before
A.D. 622 and some thereafter at Medina, and pursuing eagerly the faint
clues emerging out of the mists of time that certain verses received during
Muhammad's later years were inserted into contexts of a much earlier
date, these brilliant detectives sought to assign every Sura, and every
section, almost every verse or half-verse of each individual Sura, to a
particular incident in the Prophet's career. Much of their work was done on
sound lines, and the boundaries of knowledge have been notably enlarged
by their labours; not even the most sensitive Muslim believer needs to take
offence at the well-intentioned and well-conducted investigations of pure
scholarship. But having cut to pieces the body of Allah's revelation, our
erudite sleuths have found themselves with a corpse on their hands, the
spirit meanwhile eluding their preoccupied attention. So they have been
apt to resort to the old device of explaining away what they could not
explain; crushed between their fumbling fingers, the gossamer wings of
soaring inspiration have dissolved into powder.

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The most extreme representative of this school of thought, which once


tyrannised over Koranic studies in the West, was no doubt the late Dr
Richard Bell. A man of great kindliness and the utmost integrity, he devoted
his last years of ripe scholarship to a remarkable essay to place every
verse of the Koran in its historical context (The Qur'an, 2 vols.).
He was too scrupulous a scholar to claim anything like finality; indeed he
often felt obliged to make such vague judgments as that which he prefixed
to his translation of Sura CVI: 'This little surah, though rhythmic in style, is
uncertain in rhyme. It must either be very early or very late -- more
probably early.' He was generally cautious in expressing his favourite
hypothesis; that what he, with most critics, regarded as the incoherency of
the Koran was due in no small measure to the fact (or rather the
presumption, for there is no shred of proof) that parts of the Suras were
originally written down, more or less at random, on the backs of other
parts, and then tacked on to follow them by the later editors.
Occasionally however his satisfaction with this ingenious theory tempted
him almost to dogmatize, as on page 450: 'The end of the surah, vv. 67-88,
which may not be in itself a unity, is in a different rhyme and does not
properly belong to it. Its presence may be due to vv. 49-66 having been
written on the back of it.' On page 476 he is even more positive: 'Vv. 28,
24, and vv. 80, 81, 82, 85 contrast the fates of un-believers and believers,
and are probably the latest parts of the surah. They have been written on
the back of scraps, of which vv. 25-28 form a connected piece.' Dr Bell's
preliminary comments on Sura LXVI well illustrate the boldness, and
incidentally the irreverence, of his approach: 'This surah is very disjointed,
and seems to consist of a collection of discarded passages of various
dates. Vv. 1 and 2 go together, but as they are addressed to the prophet
personally, they possibly were not publicly recited. It is very unlikely that vv.
8 and 4 were published. If recited at all, they were probably addressed to
the two wives. They refer in all probability -- as vv. 1 and 2 also to the
episode of Muhammad having been discovered with Mary the Copt, by
Hafsa, who then in spite of having been pledged to secrecy, told the story
to Ayesha. But the matter is anything but clear, and v.8 is so vague and
silly that we might -- almost suspect someone -- Ayesha.i -- of having
parodied Muhammad. Verse 5 joins well enough in sense with the
preceding verses, but the rhyme and the different pronoun of address
show that originally at least it belonged to some other context (cf. XXXIII,
28ff.). The rest of the pieces of which the surah is made up belong to early
Medinan times. Verse 9 must be later than Uhud. The fact that the

210

examples quoted in vv; 10-12 are women might argue a connection


between them and the beginning of the surah, but in language they seem
much earlier.'
Such is the position which champions of the Higher Criticism of the Koran
eventually reach. It is against this excess of anatomical mincing that I
argue the unity of the Sura and the Koran; instead of offering the perplexed
reader disjecta membra scattered indifferently over the dissecting table, I
ask him to look again at the cadaver before it was carved up, and to
imagine how it might appear when the lifeblood of accepted inspiration
flowed through its veins. I urge the view that an eternal composition, such
as the Koran is, cannot be well understood if it is submitted to the test of
only temporal criticism. It is simply irrelevant to expect that the themes
treated in the individual Sura will be marshalled after some mathematical
precision to form a rationally ordered pattern; the logic of revelation is not
the logic of the, schoolmen. There is no 'before' or 'after' in the prophetic
message, when that message, is true; everlasting truth is not held within
the confines of time and space, but every moment reveals itself wholly and
completely. Such was the experience that Henry Vaughan described in
those famous lines:
I saw Eternity the other night
Like a great Ring of pure and endless light,
All calm, as it was bright,
And round beneath it,
Time in hours, days, years
Driv'n by the spheres
Like a vast shadow moved, in which the world
And all her train were hurl'd.
Sublime expression was given to the same mystical reality by Thomas
Traherne:
I felt no dross nor matter in my soul,
No brims nor borders, such as in a bowl We see.
My essence was capacity,
That felt all things; The thought that springs
Therefrom's itself.
It hath no other wings
To spread abroad, nor eyes to see,
Nor hands distinct to feel,
Nor knees to kneel;
But being simple like the Deity
In its own centre is a sphere

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Not shut up here, but everywhere.


It acts not from a centre to
Its object as remote,
But present is when it doth view,
Being with the Being it doth note
Whatever it doth do.
But yet of this I was most sure,
That at the utmost length,
(So worthy was it to endure)
My soul could best express its strength.
It was so quick and pure,
That all my mind was wholly everywhere,
Whate'er it saw, 'twas ever wholly there;
The sun ten thousand legions off; was nigh:
The utmost star,
Though seen from far,
Was present in the apple of my eye.
It was this experience of multiplicity-in-unity, this momentary flight of the
eternal spirit out of the prison of life-in-time into the boundless plain of life
everlasting; 'that moved the Egyptian mystic Ibn al-Farid to write in his
great epic of the soul's ascent to God:
The whole of me performing what the Path
Provideth, in the manner that the Truth
Of me required, when I had joined the rift
So that the cracks that split the unity
(Through difference of attribute) (no 'more
Dispersed) were closed, and naught remained (to cause
Estrangement) as between myself and my
Firm trust in love's familiarity,
I realized that we in truth were one
And the sobriety of unison
Confirmed the blotting-out of scatteredness.
My all: a tongue, an eye, an, ear, a hand:
To speak, to see, to hear, to seize withal.
Mine eyes conversed, the while my tongue, beheld,
My hearing uttered, and my hand gave' ear;
My hearing was an eye considering
Whate'er' appeared, mine eyes an ear to heed
Silently if the folk broke forth in song;
Upon my benefits my tongue became
A hand, as too my hand became a tongue
For converse and for preaching; so my hand
Became an eye, to see whate'er appeared,
Mine eye a hand outspread wherewith to strike;

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Mine ear became a tongue in my address,


My tongue an ear for silent listening;
The smell too had its rules agreeable
To general analogy as in
The fusion of my attributes, or by
Reversal of the case. No limb in me
Was specialized as being singled out
To the exclusion of the rest for one
Description, as to wit a seeing eye:
My every atom, notwithstanding its
Own singularity, itself comprised
The sum of all the organs' faculties,
Whispering and attending, consequent
On contemplation of one taking charge
(By virtue of a hand omnipotent)
Disposing of his whole totality
In one brief moment. So it is I read
The various knowledge of all learned men
Summed in one word, and with a single glance
Reveal to me all beings in the world:
I hear the voices of all men at prayer,
And every language, in a space of time
Less than an instant's flash: I summon up
Before me, what could scarcely be conveyed;
From its far distance, ere mine eye can wink:
So in one inhalation I breathe in
The perfumes of all gardens, and the scent
Of every herb clutching the breezes' skirts:
And I review all regions of the earth
Before me in one thought, and with one bound
Traverse the seven layers of the skies.
The mystic's experience, attested as it is by a cloud of witnesses, surely
provides the key to the mysterious inconsequence of the Koranic rhetoric.
All truth was present simultaneously within the Prophet's enraptured soul;
all truth, however fragmented, revealed itself in his inspired utterance. The
reader of the Muslim scriptures must strive to attain the same allembracing apprehension. The sudden fluctuations of theme and mood will
then no longer present such difficulties as have bewildered critics
ambitious to measure the ocean of prophetic eloquence with the thimble of
pedestrian analysis. Each Sura will now be seen to be a unity within itself,
and the whole Koran will be recognised as a single revelation, selfconsistent in the highest degree. Though half a mortal lifetime was needed
for the message to be received and communicated, the message itself,
being of the eternal, is one message in eternity, however heterogeneous

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its temporal expression may appear to be. This, the mystic's approach, is
surely the right approach to the study of the Koran; it is an approach that
leads, not to bewilderment and disgust -- that is the prerogative of the
Higher Critic -- but to an ever deepening understanding, to a wonder and a
joy that have no end.
XXI

THE PROPHETS

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


21:1 Nigh unto men has drawn their reckoning, while they in heedlessness are
yet turning away; no Remembrance from their Lord comes to them lately
renewed, but they listen to it yet playing, diverted their hearts. The evildoers
whisper one to another, 'Is this aught but a mortal like to yourselves? What, will
you take to sorcery with your eyes open?'
He says: 'My Lord knows what is said in the heavens and the earth, and He is the
All-hearing, the All-knowing.'
21:5 Nay, but they say: 'A hotchpotch of nightmares! Nay, he has forged it; nay,
he is a poet! Now therefore let him bring us a sign, even as the ancient ones were
sent as Messengers.'
Not one city that We destroyed before them believed; what then, will they not
believe? And We sent none before thee, but men to whom We made revelation -question the People of the Remembrance, if you do not know -- nor did We
fashion them as bodies that ate not food, neither were they immortal; then We
made true the promise We gave them and We delivered them, and whomsoever
We would; and We destroyed the prodigal.
21:10 Now We have sent down to you a Book wherein is your Remembrance; will
you not understand? How many a city that was evildoing We have shattered, and
set up after it another people! Then, when they perceived Our might, behold, they
ran headlong out of it. 'Run not! Return you unto the luxury that you exulted in,
and your dwelling-places; haply you shall be questioned.' They said, 'Alas for us!
We have been evildoers.'
21:15 So they ceased not to cry, until We made them stubble, silent and still.

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We created not the heaven and the earth, and whatsoever between them is, as
playing; had We desired to take to Us a diversion We would have taken it to Us
from Ourselves, had We done aught. Nay, but We hurl the truth against falsehood
and it prevails over it, and behold, falsehood vanishes away. Then woe to you for
that you describe!
To Him belongs whosoever is in the heavens and the earth; and those who are
with Him wax not too proud to do Him service neither grow weary, glorifying Him
by night and in the daytime and never failing. Or have they taken gods out of the
earth who raise the dead?
Why, were there gods in earth and heaven other than God, they would surely go
to ruin; so glory be to God, the Lord of the Throne, above that they describe!
He shall not be questioned as to what He does, but they shall be questioned. Or
have they taken gods apart from Him? Say: 'Bring your proof! This is the
Remembrance of him who is with me, and the Remembrance of those before me.
Nay, but the most part of them know not the truth, so therefore they are turning
away.
21:25 And We sent never a Messenger before thee except that We revealed to
him, saying, 'There is no god but I; so serve Me.'
They say:' 'The All-merciful has taken to Him a son.' Glory be to Him! Nay, but
they are honoured servants that outstrip Him not in speech, and perform as He
commands. He knows what is before them and behind them, and they intercede
not save for him with whom He is well-pleased, and they tremble in awe of Him.
21:30 If any of them says, 'I am a god apart from Him', such a one We
recompense with Gehenna; even so We recompense the evildoers.
Have not the unbelievers then beheld that the heavens and the earth were a
mass all sewn up, and then We unstitched them and of water fashioned every
living thing? Will they not believe? And We set in the earth firm mountains lest it
should shake with them, and We set in it ravines to serve as ways, that haply so
they may be guided; and We set up the heaven as a roof well-protected; yet still
from Our signs they are turning away.
It is He who created the night and the day, the sun and the moon, each swimming
in a sky.

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We have not assigned to any mortal before thee to live forever; therefore, if thou
diest, will they live forever? Every soul shall taste of death; and We try you with
evil and good for a testing, then unto Us you shall be returned.
When the unbelievers behold thee, they take thee only for mockery: 'Ha, is this
the one who makes mention of your gods?' Yet they in the Remembrance of the
All-merciful are unbelievers. Man was created of haste. Assuredly I shall show
you My signs; so demand not that I make haste. They say, 'And when shall the
promise come to pass, if you speak truly?'
21:40 If the unbelievers but knew when that they shall not ward off the Fire from
their faces nor from their backs, neither shall they be helped! Nay, but it shall
come upon them suddenly, dumbfounding them, and they shall not be able to
repel it, nor shall they be respited.
Messengers indeed were mocked at before thee, but those that scoffed at them
were encompassed by that they mocked at.
Say: 'Who shall guard you by night and in the daytime from the All-merciful?' Nay,
but from the Remembrance of their Lord they are turning away.
Or have they gods that shall defend them apart from Us? Why, they are not able
to help themselves, nor shall they be guarded in safety from Us.
21:45 Nay, but Ourselves gave these and their fathers enjoyment of days, until
their life had lasted long while upon them. What, do they not see how We come to
the land, diminishing it in its extremities? Or are they the victors? Say: 'I warn you
only by the Revelation'; but they that are deaf do not hear the call when they are
warned. If but a breath of thy Lord's chastisement touched them, they would
surely say, 'Alas for us! We were evildoers.'
And We shall set up the just balances for the Resurrection Day, so that not one
soul shall be wronged anything; even if it be the weight of one grain of mustardseed. We shall produce it, and sufficient are We for reckoners.
We gave Moses and Aaron the Salvation and a Radiance, and a Remembrance
for the godfearing
21:50 such as fear God in the Unseen, trembling because of the Hour.
And this is a blessed Remembrance that We have sent down; so are you now
denying it?

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We gave Abraham aforetime his rectitude -- for We knew him -- when he said to
his father and his people, 'What are these statues unto which you are cleaving?'
They said, 'We found our fathers serving them.'
21:55 He said, 'Then assuredly you and your fathers have been in manifest error.'
They said, 'What, hast thou come to us with the truth, or art thou one of those that
play?' He said, 'Nay, but your Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth who
originated them, and I am one of those that bear witness thereunto. And, by God,
I shall assuredly outwit your idols, after you have gone away turning your backs.'
So he broke them into fragments, all but a great one they had, for haply they
would return to it.
21:60 They said, 'Who has done this with our gods? Surely he is one of the
evildoers.' They said, 'We heard a young man making mention of them, and he
was called Abraham.'
They said, 'Bring him before the people's eyes; haply they shall bear witness.'
They said, 'So, art thou the man who did this unto our gods, Abraham?'
He said, 'No; it was this great one of them that did it. Question them; if they are
able to speak!'
21:65 So they returned one to another, and they said, 'Surely it is you who are the
evildoers.' Then they were utterly put to confusion saying, 'Very well indeed thou
knowest these do not speak.' He said, 'What, and do you serve, apart from God,
that which profits you nothing; neither hurts you? Fie upon you and that you serve
apart from God!
Do you not understand?' They said, 'Burn him, and help your gods, if you would
do aught.' We said, 'O fire, be coolness and safety for Abraham!'
21:70 They desired to outwit him; so We made them the worse losers, and We
delivered him, and Lot, unto the land that We had blessed for all beings. And We
gave him Isaac and Jacob in superfluity, and every one made We righteous and
appointed them to be leaders guiding by Our command, and We revealed to them
the doing of good deeds, and to perform the prayer, and to pay the alms, and Us
they served.

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And Lot -- to him We gave judgment and knowledge; and we delivered him from
the city that had been doing deeds of corruption; they were an evil people, truly
ungodly;
21:75 and We admitted him into Our mercy; he was of the righteous.
And Noah -- when he called before, and We answered him, and delivered him
and his people from the great distress, and We helped him against the people
who cried lies to Our signs; surely they were an evil people, so We drowned them
all together.
And David and Solomon -- when they gave judgment concerning the tillage, when
the sheep of the people strayed there, and We bore witness to their judgment;
and We made Solomon to understand it, and unto each gave We judgment and
knowledge. And with David We subjected the mountains to give glory, and the
birds, and We were doers.
21:80 And We taught him the fashioning of garments for you, to fortify you against
your violence; then are you thankful? And to Solomon the wind, strongly blowing,
that ran at his command unto the land that We had blessed; and We had
knowledge of everything; and of the Satans some dived for him and did other
work besides; and We were watching over them.
And Job -- when he called unto his Lord, 'Behold, affliction has visited me, and
Thou art the most merciful of the merciful.' So We answered him, and removed
the affliction that was upon him, and We gave his people, and the like of them
with them, mercy from Us, and a Reminder to those who serve.
21:85 And Ishmael, Idris, Dhul Kifl -- each was of the patient, and We admitted
them into Our mercy; they were of the righteous.
And Dhul Nun -- when he went forth enraged and thought that We would have no
power over him; then he called out in the darkness, 'There is no god but Thou.
Glory be to Thee! I have done evil.'
So We answered him, and delivered him out of grief; even so do, We deliver the
believers.
And Zachariah -- when he called unto his Lord, 'O my Lord, leave me not solitary;
though Thou art the best of inheritors.'

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So We answered him, and bestowed on him John, and We set his wife right for
him; truly they vied with one another, hastening to good works, and called upon
Us out of yearning and awe; and they were humble to Us.
And she who guarded her virginity, so We breathed into her of Our spirit and
appointed her and her son to be a sign unto all beings. 'Surely this community of
yours is one community, and I am your Lord; so serve Me.' But they split up their
affair between them; all shall return to Us.
21:95 And whosoever does deeds of righteousness, being a believer, no
unthankfulness shall befall his endeavour; We Ourselves write it down for him.
There is a ban upon any city that We have destroyed; they shall not return till,
when Gog and Magog are unloosed, and they slide down out of every slope, and
nigh has drawn the true promise, and behold, the eyes of the unbelievers staring:
'Alas for us! We were heedless of this; 'nay, we were evildoers.'
'Surely you, and that you were serving apart from God, are fuel for Gehenna; you
shall go down to it.'
'If those had been gods, they would never have gone down to it; yet every one of
them shall therein abide forever;'
21:100 there shall be sighing for them therein, and naught they shall hear.
But as for those unto whom already the reward most fair has gone forth from Us,
they shall be, kept far from it neither shall they hear any whisper of it, and they
shall dwell forever in that their souls desired; the greatest terror shall not grieve
them, and the angels shall receive them: 'This is your day that you were
promised.'
On the day when We shall roll up heaven as a scroll is rolled for the writings; as
We originated the first creation, so We shall bring it back again -- a promise
binding on Us; so We shall do.
21:105 For We have written in the Psalms, after the Remembrance, 'The earth
shall be the inheritance of My righteous servants.' Surely in this is a Message
delivered unto a people who serve.
We have not sent thee, save as a mercy unto all beings. Say: 'It is revealed unto
me only that your God is One God; do you then surrender?' Then, if they should

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turn their backs, say: 'I have proclaimed to you all equally, even though I know not
whether near or far is that you are promised.'
21:110 Surely He knows what is spoken aloud and He knows what you hide. I
know not; haply it is a trial for you and an enjoyment for a time. He said: 'My Lord,
judge Thou with truth! And our Lord is the All-merciful; His succour is ever to be
sought against that you describe.'
XXII

THE PILGRIMAGE

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


22:1 O men, fear your Lord! Surely the earthquake of the Hour is a mighty thing;
on the day when you behold it, every suckling woman shall neglect the child she
has suckled, and every pregnant woman shall deposit her burden, and thou shalt
see mankind drunk, yet they are not drunk, but God's chastisement is terrible.
And among men there is such a one that disputes concerning God without
knowledge and follows every rebel Satan, against whom it is written down that
whosoever takes him for a friend, him he leads astray, and he guides him to the
chastisement of the burning.
22:5 O men, if you are in doubt as to the Uprising, surely We created you of dust
then of a sperm-drop, then of a blood clot, then of a lump of flesh, formed and
unformed that We may make clear to you.
And We establish in the wombs what We will, till a stated term, then We deliver
you as infants, then that you may come of age; and some of you die, and some of
you are kept back unto the vilest state of life, that after knowing somewhat, they
may know nothing. And thou beholdest the earth blackened, then, when We send
down water upon it, it quivers, and swells, and puts forth herbs of every joyous
kind.
That is because God -- He is the Truth, and brings the dead to life, and is
powerful over everything, and because the Hour is coming, no doubt of it, and
God shall raise up whosoever is within the tombs.
22:10 And among men there is such a one that disputes concerning God without
knowledge or guidance, or an illuminating Book, turning his side to lead astray
from God's way; for him is degradation in this world; and on the Resurrection Day.

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We shall let him taste the chastisement of the burning: 'That is for what thy hands
have forwarded and for that God is never unjust unto His servants.'
And among men there is such a one as serves God upon the very edge -- if good
befalls him he is at rest in it, but if a trial befalls him he turns completely over; he
loses this world and the world to come; that is indeed the manifest loss.
He calls, apart from God, upon that which hurts him not, and which neither profits
him anything; that is indeed the far error. He calls upon him who is likelier to hurt
him, rather than to profit him -- an evil protector indeed, he, an evil friend!
God shall surely admit those who believe and do righteous deeds into gardens
underneath which rivers flow; surely God does that He desires.
22:15 Whosoever thinks God will not help him in the present world and the world
to come; let him stretch up a rope to heaven, then let him sever it, and behold
whether his guile does away with what enrages him.
Even so We have sent it down as signs, clear signs, and for that God guides
whom He desires. Surely they that believe, and those of Jewry, the Sabaeans,
the Christians, the Magians and the idolaters -- God shall distinguish between
them on the Day of Resurrection; assuredly God is witness over everything.
Hast thou not seen how to God bow all who are in the and all who are in the
earth, heavens the sun and the moon, the stars and the mountains, the trees and
the beasts, and many of mankind? And many merit the chastisement; and whom
God abases, there is none to honour him. God does whatsoever He will.
22:20 These are two disputants who have disputed concerning their Lord. As for
the unbelievers, for them garments of fire shall, be cut, and there shall be poured
over their heads boiling water whereby whatsoever is in their bellies and their
skins shall be melted; for them await hooked iron rods; as often as they desire in
their anguish to come forth from it, they shall be restored into it, and: 'Taste the
chastisement of the burning!'
God shall surely admit those who believe and do righteous deeds into gardens
underneath which rivers flow; therein they shall be adorned with bracelets of gold
and with pearls, and their apparel there shall be of silk; and they; shall be guided
unto goodly speech, and they shall be guided unto the path of the All-laudable.
22:25 Those who disbelieve, and bar from God's way and the Holy Mosque that
We have appointed equal unto men, alike him who cleaves to it and the tent-

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dweller, and whosoever purposes to violate it wrongly, We shall let him taste a
painful chastisement.
And when We settled for Abraham the place of the House: 'Thou shall not
associate with Me anything. And do thou purify My House for those that shall go
about it and those that stand, for those that bow and prostrate themselves; and
proclaim among men the Pilgrimage, and they shall come unto thee on foot and
upon every lean beast, they shall come from every deep ravine that they may
witness things profitable to them and mention God's Name on days well-known
over such beasts of the flocks as He has provided them: "So eat thereof, and
feed the wretched poor."
22:30 Let them then finish with their self-neglect and let them fulfil their vows, and
go about the Ancient House.'
All that; and whosoever venerates the sacred things of God, it shall be better for
him with his Lord. And permitted to you are the flocks, except that which is recited
to you. And eschew the abomination of idols, and eschew the speaking of
falsehood, being men pure of faith unto God, not associating with Him anything;
for whosoever associates with God anything, it is as though he has fallen from
heaven and the birds snatch him away, or the wind sweeps him headlong into a
place far away.
All that; and whosoever venerates God's waymarks, that is of the godliness of the
hearts. There are things therein profitable to you unto a stated term; thereafter
their lawful place of sacrifice is by the Ancient House.
22:35 We have appointed for every nation a holy rite, that they may mention
God's Name over such beasts of the flocks as He has provided them. Your God is
One God, so to Him surrender. And give thou good tidings unto the humble who,
when God is mentioned, their hearts quake, and such as endure patiently
whatever visits them, and who perform the prayer, and expend of what We have
provided them.
And the beasts of sacrifice -- We have appointed them for you as among God's
waymarks; therein is good for you. So mention God's Name over them, standing
in ranks then, when their flanks collapse, eat of them and feed the beggar and the
suppliant. So We have subjected them to you; haply you will be thankful. The
flesh of them shall not reach God, neither their blood, but godliness from you shall
reach Him. So He has subjected them to you, that you may magnify God for that
He has guided you. And give thou good tidings unto the good-doers.

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Assuredly God will defend those who believe; surely God loves not any ungrateful
traitor.
22:40 Leave is given to those who fight because they were wronged -- surely God
is able to help them -- who were expelled from their habitations without right,
except that they say 'Our Lord is God.' Had God not driven back the people,
some by the means of others, there had been destroyed cloisters and churches,
oratories and mosques, wherein God's Name is much mentioned. Assuredly God
will help him who helps Him -- surely God is All-strong, All-mighty who, if We
establish them in the land, perform the prayer, and pay the alms, and bid to
honour, and forbid dishonour; and unto God belongs the issue of all affairs. If they
cry lies to thee, so too before them the people of Noah cried lies, and Ad and
Thamood, and the people of Abraham, the people of Lot, and the men of Midian;
to Moses also they cried lies. And I respited the unbelievers, then I seized them;
and how was My horror! How many a city We have destroyed in its evildoing, and
now it is fallen down upon its turrets! How many a ruined well, a tall palace!
22:45 What, have they not journeyed in the land so that they have hearts to
understand with or ears to hear with? It is not the eyes that are blind, but blind are
the hearts within the breasts. And they demand of thee to hasten the
chastisement! God will not fail His promise; and surely a day with thy Lord is as a
thousand years of your counting. How many a city I have respited in its evildoing;
then I seized it, and to Me was the homecoming. Say: 'O men, I am only for you a
plain warner.' Those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness -- theirs shall be
forgiveness and generous provision.
22:50 And those who strive against Our signs to void them -- they shall be the
inhabitants of Hell.
We sent not ever any Messenger or Prophet before thee, but that Satan cast into
his fancy, when he was fancying; but God annuls what Satan casts, then God
confirms His signs -- surely God is All-knowing, All-wise -- that He may make what
Satan casts a trial for those in whose hearts is sickness, and those whose hearts
are hard; and surely the evildoers are in wide schism; and that they who have
been given knowledge may know that it is the truth from thy Lord and believe in it,
and so their hearts be humble unto Him; and assuredly God ever guides those
who believe to a straight path.
And the unbelievers will not cease to be in doubt of it, until the Hour comes on
them suddenly, or there shall come upon them the chastisement of a barren day.

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22:55 The Kingdom upon that day shall belong to God, and He shall judge
between them. As for those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness, they
shall be in Gardens of Bliss. But as for the unbelievers, who cried lies to Our
signs; for them awaits a humbling chastisement. And those who emigrated in
God's way and were slain, or died, God shall provide them with a fair provision;
and surely God is the best of providers.
He shall admit them by a gate that is well-pleasing to them; and surely God is Allknowing, All-clement.
All that; and whosoever chastises after the manner that he was chastised and
then again is oppressed, assuredly God will help him; surely God is All-pardoning,
All-forgiving.
22:60 That is because God makes the night to enter into the day and makes the
day to enter into the night; and that God is All-hearing, All-seeing.
That is because God -- He is the Truth, and that they call upon apart from Him -that is the false; and for that God is the All-high, the All-great.
Hast thou not seen how that God has sent down out of heaven water, and in the
morning the earth becomes green? God is All-subtle, All-aware.
To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth; surely God -- He is the
All-sufficient, the All-laudable. Hast thou not seen how that God has subjected to
you all that is in the earth and the ships to run upon the sea at His
commandment, and He holds back heaven lest it should fall upon the earth, save
by His leave?
Surely God is All-gentle to men, All-compassionate.
22:65 It is He who gave you life, then He shall make you dead, then He shall give
you life. Surely man is ungrateful.
We have appointed for every nation a holy rite that they shall perform. Let them
not therefore wrangle with thee upon the matter, and do thou summon unto thy
Lord; surely thou art upon a straight guidance. And if they should dispute with
thee, do thou say, 'God knows very well what you are doing. God shall judge
between you on the Day of Resurrection touching that whereon you were at
variance.' Didst thou not know that God knows all that is in heaven and earth?
Surely that is in a Book; surely that for God is an easy matter.

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22:70 They serve, apart from God, that whereon He has sent down never
authority and that whereof they have no knowledge; and for the evildoers there
shall be no helper.
And when Our signs are recited to them, clear signs, thou recognisest in the
faces of the unbelievers denial; wellnigh they rush upon those who recite to them
Our signs. Say: 'Shall I tell you of something worse than that? The Fire -- God has
promised it to the unbelievers -- an evil homecoming!'
O men, a similitude is struck; so give you ear to it. Surely those upon whom you
call, apart from God, shall never create a fly, though they banded together to do it;
and if a fly should rob them of aught, they would never rescue it from him. Feeble
indeed alike are the seeker and the sought! They measure not God with His true
measure; surely God is All-strong, All-mighty.
22:75 God chooses of the angels Messengers and of mankind; surely God is Allhearing, All-seeing. He knows whatsoever is before them and behind them, and
unto God all matters are returned.'
O men, bow you down and prostrate yourselves, and serve your Lord, and do
good; haply so you shall prosper; and struggle for God as is His due, for He has
chosen you, and has laid on you no impediment in your religion, being the creed
of your father Abraham; He named you Muslims aforetime and in this, that the
Messenger might be a witness against you, and that you might be witnesses
against mankind. So perform the prayer, and pay the alms, and hold you fast to
God; He is your Protector -- an excellent Protector, an excellent Helper.
XXIII

THE BELIEVERS

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


23:1 Prosperous are the believers who in their prayers are humble and from idle
talk turn away and at almsgiving are active and guard their private parts
23:5 save from their wives and what their right hands own then being not
blameworthy (but whosoever seeks after more than that, those are the
transgressors) and who preserve their trusts and their covenant and who observe
their prayers.
23:10 Those are the inheritors who shall inherit Paradise therein dwelling forever.

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We created man of an extraction of clay, then We set him, a drop, in a receptacle


secure, then We created of the drop a clot then We created of the clot a tissue
then We created of the tissue bones then We garmented the bones in flesh;
thereafter We produced him as another creature. So blessed be God, the fairest
of creators!
23:15 Then after that you shall surely die, then on the Day of Resurrection you
shall surely be raised up. And We created above you seven ways, and We were
not heedless of creation.
And We sent down out of heaven water in measure and lodged it in the earth; and
We are able to take it away. Then We produced for you therewith gardens of
palms and vines wherein are many fruits for you, and of them you eat,
23:20 and a tree issuing from the Mount of Sinai that bears oil and seasoning for
all to eat. And surely in the cattle there is a lesson for you; We give you to drink of
what is in their bellies, and many uses there are in them for you, and of them you
eat; and upon them, and on the ships, you are borne.
And We sent Noah to his people; and he, said, 'O my people, serve God! You
have no god other than He. Will you not be godfearing?" Said the Council of the
unbelievers of his people, 'This is naught but a mortal like yourselves, who
desires to gain superiority over you. And if God willed, He would have sent down
angels. We never heard of this among, our fathers, the ancients.
23:25 He is naught but a man bedevilled; so wait on him for a time. He said, 'O
my Lord, help me, for that they cry me lies.' Then We said to him, 'Make thou the
Ark under Our eyes and as We reveal, and then, when Our command comes and
the Oven boils, insert in it two of every kind and thy, family -- except for him
against whom the word already has been spoken; and address Me not
concerning those who have done evil; they shall be drowned.
Then, when thou art seated in the Ark and those with thee, say, "Praise belongs
to God, who has delivered us from the people of the evildoers."
23:30 And say, "'O my Lord, do Thou harbour me in a blessed harbour, for Thou
art the best of harbourers." Surely in that are signs, and surely We put to the test.
Thereafter, after them, We produced another generation, and We sent amongst
them a Messenger of themselves, saying, 'Serve God! You have no god other
than He. Will you not be godfearing?'

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Said the Council of the unbelievers of his people, who cried lies to the encounter
of the world to come, and to whom We had given ease in the present life, 'This is
naught but a mortal like yourselves, who eats of what you eat and drinks of what
you drink.
23:35 If you obey a mortal like yourselves, then you will be losers. What, does he
promise you that when you are dead, and become dust and bones, you shall be
brought forth? Away, away with that you are promised! There is nothing but our
present life; we die, and we live, and we shall not be raised up.
23:40 He is naught but a man who has forged against God a lie, and we will not
believe him.' He said, 'O my Lord, help me, for that they cry me lies.' He said, 'In a
little they will be remorseful.'
And the Cry seized them justly, and We made them as scum; so away with the
people of the evildoers!
23:45 Thereafter, after them, We produced other generations; no nation outstrips
its term, nor do they put it back.
Then sent We Our Messengers successively; whenever its Messenger came to a
nation they cried him lies, so We caused some of them to follow others, and We
made them as but tales; so away with a people who do not believe!
Then We sent Moses and his brother Aaron with Our signs and a manifest
authority unto Pharaoh and his Council; but they waxed proud, and they were a
lofty people, and they said, 'What, shall we believe two mortals like ourselves,
whose people are our servants?'
23:50 So they cried them lies, and they were among the destroyed.
And We gave Moses the Book, that haply they would be guided; and We made
Mary's son, and his mother, to be a sign, and gave them refuge upon a height,
where was a hollow and a spring: 'O Messengers, eat of the good things and do
righteousness; surely I know the things you do.
Surely this community of yours is one community, and I am your Lord; so fear
Me.'
23:55 But they split in their affair between them into sects, each party rejoicing in
what is with them. So leave thou them in their perplexity for a time. What, do they

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think that We succour them with of wealth and children, We vie in good works for
them? Nay, but they are not aware.
23:60 Surely those who tremble in fear of their Lord and those who believe in the
signs of their Lord and those who associate naught with their Lord and those who
give what they give, their hearts quaking that they are returning to their Lord -those vie in good works, outracing to them.
We charge not any soul save to its capacity, and with Us is a Book speaking truth,
and they shall not be wronged.
23:65 Nay, but their hearts are in perplexity as to this, and they have deeds
besides that that they are doing. Till, when We seize with the chastisement the
ones of them that live at ease, behold, they groan. 'Groan not today; surely you
shall not be helped from Us. My signs were recited to you, but upon your heels
you withdrew, waxing proud against it, talking foolish talk by night.'
23:70 Have they not pondered the saying, or came there upon them that which
came not upon their fathers, the ancients? Or did they not recognise their
Messenger and so denied him? Or do they say, 'He is bedevilled'? Nay, he has
brought them the truth, but most of them are averse from the truth.
Had the truth followed their caprices, the heavens and the earth and whosoever
in them is had surely corrupted. Nay, We brought them their Remembrance, but
from their Remembrance they turned. Or dost thou ask them for tribute? Yet the
tribute of thy Lord is better, and He is the best of providers.
23:75 Assuredly thou art calling them to a straight path; and surely they that
believe not in the world to come are deviating from the path. Did We have mercy
on them, and remove the affliction that is upon them, they would persist in their
insolence wandering blindly.
We already seized them with the chastisement, yet they abased not themselves
to their Lord nor were they humble; until, when We open against them a door of
terrible chastisement, lo, they are sore confounded at it.
23:80 It is He who produced for you hearing, and eyes, and hearts; little thanks
you show. It is He who scattered you in the earth, and to Him you shall be
mustered.
It is He who gives life, and makes to die, and to Him belongs the alternation of
night and day; what, will you not understand?

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Nay, but they said the like of what the ancients said. They said, 'What, when we
are dead and become dust and bones, shall we be indeed raised up?
23:85 We and our fathers have been promised this before; this is naught but the
fairy-tales of the ancients.'
Say: 'Whose is the earth, and whoso is in it, if you have knowledge?' They will
say, God's.' Say: 'Will you not then remember?'
Say: 'Who is the Lord of the seven heavens and the Lord of the mighty Throne?'
They will say, 'God's.' Say: 'Will you not then be godfearing?'
23:90 Say: 'In whose hand is the dominion of everything, protecting and Himself
unprotected, if you have knowledge?' They will say, 'God's.' Say: 'How then are
you bewitched? Nay, but We brought them the truth and they are truly liars. God
has not taken to Himself any son, nor is there any god with Him; for then each
god would have taken off that he created and some of them would have risen up
over others; glory to be God, beyond that they describe, who has knowledge of
the Unseen and the Visible; high exalted be He, above that they associate!
23:95 Say: 'O my Lord, if Thou shouldst show me that they are promised, O my
Lord, put me not among the people of the evildoers.'
Assuredly, We are able to show thee that We promise them. Repel thou the evil
with that which is fairer. We Ourselves know very well that they describe. And
say: 'O my Lord, I take refuge in Thee from the evil suggestions of the Satans,
23:100 and I take refuge in Thee, O my Lord, lest they attend me.'
Till, when death comes to one of them, he says, 'My Lord, return me; haply I shall
do righteousness in that I forsook.' Nay, it is but a word he speaks; and there;
behind them, is a barrier until the day that they shall be raised up.
For when the Trumpet is blown, that day there shall be no kinship any more
between them, neither will they question one another.
23:105 Then he whose scales are heavy -- they are the prosperers, and he
whose scales are light -- they have lost their souls in Gehenna dwelling forever,
the Fire smiting their faces the while they glower there. 'What, were My signs not
recited to you, and you cried them lies?'

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They shall say, 'Our Lord, our adversity prevailed over us; we were an erring
people. Our Lord, bring us forth out of it! Then, if we revert,
23:110 we shall be evildoers indeed.' 'Slink you into it,' He shall say, 'and do not
speak to Me. There is a party of My servants who said, "Our Lord, we believe;
therefore forgive us, and have mercy on us, for Thou art the best of the merciful."
But you took them for a laughing-stock, till they made you forget My
remembrance, mocking at them. Now today I have recompensed them for their
patient endurance;
23:115 'they are the triumphant.' He shall say, 'How long have you tarried in the
earth, by number of years?' They shall say, 'We have tarried a day, or part of a
day; ask the numberers!'
He shall say, 'You have tarried but a little, did you know. What, did you think that
We created you only for sport, and that you would not be returned to Us?'
Then high exalted be God, the King, the True! There is no god but He? the Lord
of the noble Throne.
And whosoever calls upon another god with God, whereof he has no proof, his
reckoning is with his Lord; surely the unbelievers shall not prosper.
And say: 'My Lord, forgive and have mercy, for Thou art the best of the merciful.'
XXIV

LIGHT

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


24:1 A sura that We have sent down and appointed; and We have sent down in it
signs, clear signs, that haply you will remember.
The fornicatress and the fornicator -- scourge each one of them a hundred
stripes, and in the matter of God's religion let no tenderness for them seize you if
you believe in God and the Last Day; and let a party of the believers witness their
chastisement. The fornicator shall marry none but a fornicatress or an idolatress,
and the fornicatress -- none shall marry her but a fornicator or an idolator; that is
forbidden to the believers.

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And those who cast it up on women in wedlock, and then bring not four
witnesses, scourge them with eighty stripes, and do not accept any testimony of
theirs ever;
24:5 those -- they are the ungodly, save such as repent thereafter and make
amends; surely God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate. And those who cast it up
on their wives having no witnesses except themselves, the testimony of one of
them shall be to testify by God four times that he is of the truthful, and a fifth time,
that the curse of God shall be upon him, if he should be of the liars.
It shall avert from her the chastisement if she testify by God four times that he is
of the liars, and a fifth time, that the wrath of God shall be upon her, if he should
be of the truthful.
24:10 But for God's bounty to you and His mercy and that God turns, and is Allwise -Those who came with the slander are a band of you; do not reckon it evil for you;
rather it is good for you. Every man of them shall have the sin that he has earned
charged to him; and whosoever of them took upon himself the greater part of it,
him there awaits a mighty chastisement.
Why, when you heard it, did the believing men and women not of their own
account think good thoughts, and say, 'This is a manifest calumny'? Why did they
not bring four witnesses against it? But since they did not bring the witnesses, in
God's sight they are the liars. But for God's bounty to you and His mercy in the
present world and the world to come there would have visited you for your
mutterings a mighty chastisement. When you received it on your tongues, and
were speaking with your mouths that whereof you had no knowledge, and
reckoned it a light thing, and with God it was a mighty thing -24:15 And why, when you heard it, did you not say, 'It is not for us to speak about
this; glory be to Thee! This is a mighty calumny'?
God admonishes you, that you shall never repeat the like of it again; if you are
believers. God makes clear to you the signs; and God is All-knowing, All-wise.
Those who love that indecency should be spread abroad concerning them that
believe -- there awaits them a painful chastisement in the present world and the
world to come; and God knows, and you know not.

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24:20 But for God's bounty to you and His mercy and that God is All-gentle, Allcompassionate -O believers, follow not the steps of Satan; for whosoever follows the steps of
Satan, assuredly he bids to indecency and dishonour. But for God's bounty to you
and His mercy not one of you would have been pure ever; but God purifies whom
He will; and God is All-hearing, All-knowing.
Let not those of you who possess bounty and plenty swear off giving kinsmen and
the poor and those who emigrate in the way of God; but let them pardon and
forgive. Do you not wish that God should forgive you? God is All-forgiving, Allcompassionate.
Surely those who cast it up on women in wedlock that are heedless but believing
shall be accursed in the present world and the world to come; and there awaits
them a mighty chastisement on the day when their tongues, their hands and their
feet shall testify against them touching that they were doing.
24:25 Upon that day God will pay them in full their just due, and they shall know
that God is the manifest Truth.
Corrupt women for corrupt men, and corrupt men for corrupt women; good
women for good men, and good men for good women -- these are declared quit
of what they say; theirs shall be forgiveness and generous provision.
O believers, do not enter houses other than your houses until you first ask leave
and, salute the people thereof; that is better for you; haply you will remember. And
if you find not anyone therein, enter it not until leave is given to you. And if you
are told, 'Return,' return; that is purer for you; and God knows the things you do.
There is no fault in you that you enter houses uninhabited wherein enjoyment is
for you. God knows what you reveal and what you hide.
24:30 Say to the believers, that they cast down their eyes and guard their private
parts; that is purer for them. God is aware of the things they work.
And say to the believing women, that they cast down their eyes and guard their
private parts, and reveal not their adornment save such as is outward; and let
them cast their veils over their bosoms, and not reveal their adornment save to
their husbands, or their fathers, or their husbands' fathers, or their sons, or their
husbands' sons, or their brothers, or their brothers' sons, or their sisters' sons, or
their women, or what their right hands own, or such men as attend them, not

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having sexual desire, or children who have not yet attained knowledge of
women's private parts; nor let them stamp their feet, so that their hidden
ornament may be known. And turn all together to God, O you believers; haply so
you will prosper.
Marry the spouseless among you, and your slaves and handmaidens that are
righteous; if they are poor, God will enrich them of His bounty; God is Allembracing, All-knowing.
And let those who find not the means to marry be abstinent till God enriches them
of His bounty. Those your right hands own who seek emancipation, contract with
them accordingly, if you know some good in them; and give them of the wealth of
God that He has given you. And constrain not your slave-girls to prostitution, if
they desire to live in chastity, that you may seek the chance goods of the present
life. Whosoever constrains them, surely God, after their being constrained, is Allforgiving, All-compassionate.
Now We have sent down to you signs making all clear, and an example of those
who passed away before you, and an admonition for the godfearing.
24:35 God is the Light of the heavens and the earth; the likeness of His Light is
as a niche wherein is a lamp (the lamp in a glass, the glass as it were a glittering
star) kindled from a Blessed Tree, an olive that is neither of the East nor of the
West whose oil wellnigh would shine, even if no fire touched it; Light upon Light;
(God guides to His Light whom He will.)
(And God strikes similitudes for men, and God has knowledge of everything.) in
temples God has allowed to be raised up, and His Name to be commemorated
therein; therein glorifying Him, in the mornings and the evenings, are men whom
neither commerce nor trafficking diverts from the remembrance of God and to
perform the prayer, and to pay the alms, fearing a day when hearts and eyes shall
be turned about, that God may recompense them for their fairest works and give
them increase of His bounty; and God provides whomsoever He will, without
reckoning.
And as for the unbelievers, their works are as a mirage in a spacious plain which
the man athirst supposes to be water, till, when he comes to it, he finds it is
nothing; there indeed he finds God, and He pays him his account in full; (and God
is swift at the reckoning.)
24:40 or they are as shadows upon a sea obscure covered by a billow above
which is a billow above which are clouds, shadows piled one upon another; when

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he puts forth his hand, wellnigh he cannot see it. And to whomsoever God
assigns no light, no light has he.
Hast thou not seen how that whatsoever is in the heavens and in the earth extols
God, and the birds spreading their wings?
Each -- He knows its prayer and its extolling; and God knows the things they do.
To God belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and to Him is the
homecoming. Hast thou not seen how God drives the clouds, then composes
them, then converts them into a mass, then thou seest the rain issuing out of the
midst of them? And He sends down out of heaven mountains, wherein is hail, so
that He smites whom He will with it, and turns it aside from whom He will; wellnigh
the gleam of His lightning snatches away the sight. God turns about the day and
the night; surely in that is a lesson for those who have eyes. God has created
every beast of water, and some of them go upon their bellies, and some of them
go upon two feet, and some of them go upon four; God creates whatever He will;
God is powerful over everything.
24:45 Now We have sent down signs making all clear; God guides whomsoever
He will to a straight path. They say, 'We believe in God and the Messenger, and
we obey.' Then after that a party of them turn away; those -- they are not
believers.
When they are called to God and His Messenger that he may judge between
them, lo, a party of them are swerving aside; but if they are in the right, they will
come to him submissively. What, is there sickness in their hearts, or are they in
doubt, or do they fear that God may be unjust towards them and His Messenger?
Nay, but those -- they are the evildoers.
24:50 All that the believers say, when they are called to God and His Messenger,
that he may judge between them, is that they say, 'We hear, and we obey'; those
-- they are the prosperers. Whoso obeys God and His Messenger, and fears God
and has awe of Him, those -- they are the triumphant.
They have sworn by God the most earnest oaths, if thou commandest them they
will go forth. Say: 'Do not swear; honourable obedience is sufficient. Surely God is
aware of the things you do.' Say: 'Obey God, and obey the Messenger; then, if
you turn away, only upon him rests what is laid on him, and upon you rests what
is laid on you. If you obey him, you will be guided. It is only for the Messenger to
deliver the manifest Message.'

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God has promised those of you who believe and do righteous deeds that He will
surely make you successors in the land, even as He made those who were
before them successors, and that He will surely establish their religion for them
that He has approved. for them, and will give them in exchange, after their fear,
security: 'They shall serve Me, not associating with Me anything.' Whoso
disbelieves after that, those -- they are the ungodly.
24:55 Perform the prayer, and pay the alms, and obey the Messenger -- haply so
you will find mercy. Think not the unbelievers able to frustrate God in the earth;
their refuge is the Fire -- an evil homecoming.
O believers, let those your right hands own and those of you who have not
reached puberty ask leave of you three times -- before the prayer of dawn, and
when you put off your garments at the noon, and after the evening prayer -- three
times of nakedness for you. There is no fault in you or them, apart from these,
that you go about one to the other. So God makes clear to you the signs; and
God is All-knowing, All-wise.
When your children reach puberty, let them ask leave, as those before them
asked leave. So God makes clear to you His signs; and God is All-knowing, Allwise. Such women as are past child- bearing and have no hope of marriage -there is no fault in them that they put off their clothes, so be it that they flaunt no
ornament; but to abstain is better for them; and God is All-hearing, All-knowing.
24:60 There is no fault in the blind, and there is no fault in the lame, and there is
no fault in the sick, neither in yourselves, that you eat of your houses, or your
fathers' houses, or your mothers' houses, or your brothers' houses, or your
sisters' houses, or the houses of your uncles or your aunts paternal, or the
houses of your uncles or your aunts maternal, or that whereof you own the keys,
or of your friend; there is no fault in you that you eat all together, or in groups
separately.
But when you enter houses, greet one another with a greeting from God, blessed
and good. So God makes clear to you the signs; haply you will understand.
Those only are believers, who believe in God and His Messenger and who, when
they are with him upon a common matter, go not away until they ask his leave.
Surely those who ask thy leave --those are they that believe in God and His
Messenger; so, when they ask thy leave for some affair of their own, give leave to
whom thou wilt of them, and ask God's forgiveness for them; surely God is Allforgiving, All-compassionate.

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Make not the calling of the Messenger among yourselves like your calling one of
another. God knows those of you who slip away surreptitiously; so let those who
go against His command beware, lest a trial befall them, or there befall them a
painful chastisement.
Why, surely to God belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth; He ever
knows what state you are upon; and the day when they shall be returned to Him,
then He will tell them of what they did; and God knows everything.
XXV

SALVATION

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


25:1 Blessed be He who has sent down the Salvation upon His servant, that he
may be a warner to all beings; to whom belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and
the earth; and He has not taken to Him a son, and He has no associate in the
Kingdom; and He created every thing, then He ordained it very exactly.
Yet they have taken to them gods, apart from Him, that create nothing and
themselves are created, and have no power to hurt or profit themselves, no
power of death or life or raising up.
25:5 The unbelievers say, 'This is naught but a calumny he has forged, and other
folk have helped him to it.' So they have committed wrong and falsehood. They
say, 'Fairy-tales of the ancients that he has had written down, so that they are
recited to him at the dawn and in the evening.' Say: 'He sent it down, who knows
the secret in the heavens and earth; He is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.'
They also say, 'What ails this Messenger that he eats food, and goes in the
markets?
25:10 Why has an angel not been sent down to him, to be a warner with him? Or
why is not a treasure thrown to him, or why has he not a Garden to eat of?' The
evildoers say, 'You are only following a man bewitched!' Behold, how they strike
similitudes for thee, and go astray, and are unable to find a way!
Blessed be He who, if He will, shall assign to them better than that -- gardens
underneath which rivers flow, and he shall assign to thee palaces.

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Nay, but they cry lies to the Hour; and We have prepared for him who cries lies to
the Hour a Blaze. When it sees them from a far place, they shall hear its bubbling
and sighing. And when they are cast, coupled in fetters, into a narrow place of
that Fire, they will call out there for destruction.
25:15 'Call not out today for one destruction, but call for many!'
Say: 'Is that better, or the Garden of Eternity, that is promised to the godfearing,
and is their recompense and homecoming?' Therein they shall have what they will
dwelling forever; it is a promise binding upon thy Lord, and of Him to be required.
Upon the day when He shall muster them and that they serve, apart from God,
and He shall say, 'Was it you that led these My servants astray, or did they
themselves err from the way?' They shall 'Glory be to Thee! It did not behove us
to take unto say, ourselves protectors apart from Thee; but Thou gavest them and
their fathers enjoyment of days, until they forgot
25:20 the Remembrance, and were a people corrupt.' So they cried lies touching
the things you say, and you can neither turn it aside, nor find any help.
Whosoever of you does evil, We shall let him taste a great chastisement.
And We sent not before thee any Envoys, but that they ate food, and went in the
markets; and We appointed some of you to be a trial for others: 'Will you endure?'
Thy Lord is ever All-seeing. Say those who look not to encounter Us, 'Why have
the angels not been sent down on us, or why see we not our Lord?' Waxed proud
they have within them, and become greatly disdainful.
Upon the day that they see the angels, no good tidings that day for the sinners;
they shall say, 'A ban forbidden!'
25:25 We shall advance upon what work they have done, and make it a scattered
dust. The inhabitants of Paradise that day, better shall be their lodging, fairer their
resting-place. Upon the day that heaven is split asunder with the clouds and the
angels are sent down in majesty, the Kingdom that day, the true Kingdom, shall
belong to the All-merciful and it shall be a day harsh for the unbelievers.
Upon the day the evildoer shall bite his hands, saying, 'Would that I had taken a
way along with the Messenger!
25:30 Alas, would that I had not taken So-and-so for a friend! He indeed led me
astray from the Remembrance, after it had come to me; Satan is ever a forsaker
of men.'

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The Messenger says, 'O my Lord, behold, my people have taken this Koran as a
thing to be shunned.' Even so We have appointed to every Prophet an enemy
among the sinners; but thy Lord suffices as a guide and as a helper.
The unbelievers say, 'Why has the Koran not been sent down upon him all at
once?' Even so, that We may strengthen thy heart thereby, and We have chanted
it very distinctly.
25:35 They bring not to thee any similitude but that We bring thee the truth, and
better in exposition. Those who shall be mustered to Gehenna upon their faces -they shall be worse in place, and gone further astray from the way.
We gave Moses the Book, and appointed with him his brother Aaron as minister
and We said, 'Go to the people who have cried lies to Our signs'; then We
destroyed them utterly. And the people of Noah, when they cried lies to the
Messengers, We drowned them, and made them to be a sign to mankind; and
We have prepared for the evildoers a painful chastisement.
23:40 And Ad, and Thamood, and the men of Er-Rass, and between that
generations a many, for each We struck similitudes, and each We ruined utterly.
Surely they have come by the city that was rained on by an evil rain; what, have
they not seen it? Nay, but they look for no upraising. And when they see thee,
they take thee in mockery only: 'What, is this he whom God sent forth as a
Messenger? Wellnigh he had led us astray from our gods, but that we kept
steadfast to them.' Assuredly they shall know, when they see the chastisement,
who is further astray from the way.
25:45 Hast thou seen him who has taken his caprice to be his god? Wilt thou be a
guardian over them? Or deemest thou that most of them hear or understand?
They are but as the cattle; nay, they are further astray from the way.
Hast thou not regarded thy Lord, how He has stretched out the shadow? Had He
willed, He would have made it still. Then We appointed the sun, to be a guide to
it; thereafter We seize it to Ourselves, drawing it gently. It is He who appointed
the night for you to be a garment and sleep for a rest, and day He appointed for a
rising.
25:50 And it is He who has loosed the winds, bearing good tidings before His
mercy; and We sent down from heaven pure water so that We might revive a
dead land, and give to drink of it, of that We created, cattle and men a many.

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We have indeed turned it about amongst them, so that they may remember; yet
most men refuse all but unbelief.
If We had willed, We would have raised up in every city a warner. So obey not the
unbelievers, but struggle with them thereby mightily.
25:55 And it is He who let forth the two seas, this one Sweet, grateful to taste,
and this salt, bitter to the tongue, and He set between them a barrier, and a ban
forbidden. And it is He who created of water a mortal, and made him kindred of
blood and marriage; thy Lord is All-powerful.
And they serve, apart from God, what neither profits them nor hurts them; and the
unbeliever is ever a partisan against his Lord. We have sent thee not, except
good tidings to bear, and warning.
Say: 'I do not ask of you a wage for this, except for him who wishes to take to his
Lord a way.'
25:60 Put thy trust in the Living God, the Undying, and proclaim His praise.
Sufficiently is He aware of His servants sins who created the heavens and the
earth, and what between them is, in six days, then sat Himself upon the Throne,
the All-compassionate: ask any informed of Him!
But when they are told, 'Bow yourselves to the All-merciful,' they say, 'And what is
the All-merciful? Shall we bow ourselves to what thou biddest us?' And it
increases them in aversion.
Blessed be He who has set in heaven constellations, and has set among them a
lamp, and an illuminating moon. And it is He who made the night and day a
succession for whom He desires to remember or He desires to be thankful.
The servants of the All-merciful are those who walk in the earth modestly and
who, when the ignorant address them, say, 'Peace';
25:65 who pass the night prostrate to their Lord and standing; who say, 'Our Lord,
turn Thou from us the chastisement of Gehenna; surely its chastisement is
torment most terrible; evil it is as a lodging-place and an abode'; who, when they
expend, are neither prodigal nor parsimonious, but between that is a just stand;
who call not upon another god with God, nor slay the soul God has forbidden
except by right, neither fornicate, for whosoever does that shall meet the price of
sin-doubled shall be the chastisement for him on the Resurrection Day, and he
shall dwell therein humbled,

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25:70 save him who repents, and believes, and does righteous work -- those,
God will change their evil deeds into good deeds, for God is ever All-forgiving, Allcompassionate; and whosoever repents, and does righteousness, he truly turns
to God in repentance.
And those who bear not false witness and, when they pass by idle talk, pass by
with dignity; who, when they are reminded of the signs of their Lord, fall not down
thereat deaf and blind; who say, 'Our Lord, give us refreshment of our wives and
seed, and make us a model to the godfearing.'
25:75 Those shall be recompensed with the highest heaven, for that they endured
patiently, and they shall receive therein a greeting and --' Peace!'
Therein they shall dwell forever; fair it is as a lodging-place and an abode.
Say: 'My Lord esteems you not at all were it not for your prayer, for you have
cried lies, and it shall surely be fastened.'
XXVI

THE POETS

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


26:1 Ta Sin Mim
Those are the signs of the Manifest Book.
Perchance thou consumest thyself that they are not believers. If We will, We shall
send down on them out of heaven a sign, so their necks will stay humbled to it.
But never fresh remembrance comes to them from the All-merciful, except they
turn away from it.
26:5 So they have cried lies; therefore assuredly tidings will come to them of that
they mocked at.
What, have they not regarded the earth, how many therein We have caused to
grow of every generous kind?
Surely in that is a sign,
yet most of them are not believers.
Surely thy Lord, He is
the All-mighty, the All-compassionate.

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26:10 And when thy Lord called to Moses, 'Go to the people of the evildoers, the
people of Pharaoh; will they not be godfearing?' He said, 'My Lord, I fear they will
cry me lies, and my breast will be straitened, and my tongue will not be loosed; so
send to Aaron. They also have a sin against me, and I fear they will slay me.' Said
He, 'No indeed; but go, both of you, with Our signs, and We assuredly shall be
with you, listening.
26:15 So go you to Pharaoh, and say, "Verily, I am the Messenger of the Lord of
all Being; so send forth with us the Children of Israel." He said, 'Did we not raise
thee amongst us as a child? Didst thou not tarry among us years of thy life? And
thou didst the deed thou didst, being one of the ungrateful!' Said he, 'Indeed I did
it then, being one of those that stray;
26:20 so I fled from you, fearing you. But my Lord gave me Judgment and made
me one of the Envoys. That is a blessing thou reproachest me with, having
enslaved the Children of Israel.' Pharaoh said, 'And what is the Lord of all Being?'
He said, 'The Lord of the heavens and earth, and what between them is, if you
have faith.' Said he to those about him,
26:25 'Do you not hear?' He said, 'Your Lord and the Lord of your fathers, the
ancients.' Said he, 'Surely your Messenger who was sent to you is possessed!'
He said, 'The Lord of the East and West, and what between them is, if you have
understanding,' Said he, 'If thou takest a god other than me, I shall surely make
thee one of the imprisoned.' He said, 'What, even though I brought thee
something so manifest?'
26:30 Said he, 'Bring it then, if thou art of the truthful.' So he cast his staff, and
behold, it was a serpent manifest. And he drew forth his hand, and lo, it was white
to the beholders. Said he to the Council about him, 'Surely this man is a cunning
sorcerer who desires to expel you from your land by his sorcery; what do you
command?'
26:35 They said, 'Put him and his brother off a while, and send among the cities
musterers, to bring thee every cunning sorcerer. So the sorcerers were
assembled for the appointed time of a fixed day. The people were asked, 'Will you
assemble? Haply we shall follow the sorcerers if it should be they are the victors.'
26:40 Then, when the sorcerers came, they said to Pharaoh, 'Shall we indeed
have a wage, if we should be the victors?' He said, 'Yes indeed; and you shall
then be among the near-stationed.' Moses said to them, 'Cast you down what you
will cast.' So they cast their ropes and their staffs, and said, 'By the might of
Pharaoh we shall be the victors.'

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26:45 Then Moses cast his staff and lo, it forthwith swallowed up their lying
invention; so the sorcerers were cast down, bowing themselves. They said, 'We
believe in the Lord of all Being, the Lord of Moses and Aaron.' Said Pharaoh, 'You
have believed him before I gave you leave. Why, he is the chief of you, the same
that taught you sorcery; now you shall know! I shall assuredly cut off alternately
your hands and feet, then I shall crucify you all together.'
26:50 They said, 'There is no harm; surely unto our Lord we are turning. We are
eager that our Lord should forgive us our offences, for that we are the first of the
believers.' Also We revealed unto Moses, 'Go with My servants by night; surely
you will be followed.' Then Pharaoh sent among the cities musterers:
26:55 'Behold, these are a small troop, and indeed they are enraging us; and we
are a host on our guard.' So We expelled them from gardens and fountains, and
treasures and a noble station; even so, and We bequeathed them upon the
Children of Israel.
26:60 Then they followed them at the sunrise; and, when the two hosts sighted
each other, the companions of Moses said, 'We are overtaken!' Said he, 'No
indeed; surely my Lord is with me; He will guide me.' Then We revealed to
Moses, 'Strike with thy staff the sea'; and it clave, and each part was as a mighty
mount.
26:65 And there We brought the others on, and We delivered Moses and those
with him all together; then We drowned the others.
Surely in that is a sign, yet most of them are not believers. Surely thy Lord, He is
the All-mighty, the All-compassionate.
26:70 And recite to them the tiding of Abraham when he said to his father and his
people, 'What do you serve?' They said, 'We serve idols, and continue cleaving to
them.
He said, 'Do they hear you when you call, or do they profit you, or harm?' They
said, 'Nay, but we found our fathers so doing.'
26:75 He said, 'And have you considered what you have been serving, you and
your fathers, the elders? They are an enemy to me, except the Lord of all Being
who created me, and Himself guides me, and Himself gives me to eat and drink,
26:80 and, whenever I am sick, heals me, who makes me to die, then gives me
life, and who I am eager shall forgive me my offence on the Day of Doom. My

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Lord, give me Judgment, and join me with the righteous, and appoint me a tongue
of truthfulness among the others.
26:85 Make me one of the inheritors of the Garden of Bliss and forgive my father,
for he is one of those astray. Degrade me not upon the day when they are raised
up, the day when neither wealth nor sons shall profit except for him who comes to
God with a pure heart.
26:90 And Paradise shall be brought forward for the godfearing, and Hell
advanced for the perverse. It shall be said to them, 'Where is that you were
serving apart from God? Do they help you or help themselves?' Then they shall
be pitched into it, they and the perverse
26:95 and the hosts of Iblis, all together. They shall say, as they dispute there one
with another, 'By God, we were certainly in manifest error when we made you
equal with the Lord of all Being. It was naught but the sinners that led us astray;
26:100 so now we have no intercessors, no loyal friend. O that we might return
again, and be among the believers!'
Surely in that is a sign, yet most of them are not believers. Surely thy Lord, He is
the All-mighty, the All-compassionate.
26:105 The people of Noah cried lies to the Envoys when their brother Noah said
to them, 'Will you not be godfearing? I am for you a faithful Messenger, so serve
you God, and obey you me. I ask of you no wage for this; my wage falls only
upon the Lord of all Being;
26:110 so fear you God, and obey you me.' They said, 'Shall we believe thee,
whom the vilest follow?'
He said, 'What knowledge have I of that they have been doing? Their account
falls only upon my Lord, were you but aware. I would not drive away the
believers;
26:115 'I am naught but a plain warner.' They said, 'If thou givest not over, Noah,
thou shalt assuredly be one of the stoned.' He said, 'My Lord, my people have
cried me lies, so give true deliverance between me and them, and deliver me and
the believers that are with me. So We delivered him, and those with him, in the
laden ship,
26:120 then afterwards We drowned the rest.

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Surely in that is a sign, yet most of them are not believers. Surely thy Lord, He is
the All-mighty, the All-compassionate.
Ad cried lies to the Envoys when their brother Hood said to them, 'Will you not be
godfearing?
26:125 I am for you a faithful Messenger, so fear you God, and obey you me.
I ask of you no wage for this; my wage falls only upon the Lord of all Being. What,
do you build on every prominence a sign, sporting, and do you take to you
castles, haply to dwell forever?
26:130 When you assault, you assault like tyrants! So fear you God, and obey
you me; and fear Him who has succoured you with what you know, succoured
you with flocks and sons, gardens and fountains.
26:135 'Indeed, I fear for you the chastisement of a dreadful day.'
They said, 'Alike it is to us, whether thou admonishest, or art not one of the
admonishers; this is nothing but the habit of the ancients, and we shall not be
chastised.'
So they cried him lies; then We destroyed them. Surely in that is a sign, yet most
of them are not believers.
26:140 Surely thy Lord, He is the All-mighty, the All-compassionate.
Thamood cried lies to the Envoys when their brother Salih said to them, 'Will you
not be godfearing? I am for you a faithful Messenger, so fear you God, and obey
you me.'
26:145 'I ask of you no wage for this; my wage falls only upon the Lord of all
Being. Will you be left secure in this here, among gardens and fountains, sown
fields, and palms with slender spathes? Will you still skilfully hew houses out of
the mountains?
26:150 So fear you God, and obey you me; and obey not the commandment of
the prodigal who do corruption in the earth, and set not things aright.' They said,
'Thou art merely one of those that are bewitched; thou art naught but a mortal,
like us; then produce a sign, if thou art one of the truthful.'

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26:155 He said, 'This is a she-camel; to her a draught and to you a draught, on a


day appointed, and do not touch her with malice so that there seize you the
chastisement of a dreadful day.'
But they hamstrung her, and in the morning they were remorseful, and the
chastisement seized them.
Surely in that is a sign, yet most of them are not believers. Surely thy Lord, He is
the All-mighty, the All-compassionate.
26:160 The people of Lot cried lies to the Envoys when their brother Lot said to
them, 'Will you not be godfearing? I am for you a faithful Messenger, so fear you
God, and obey you me. I ask of you no wage for this; my wage falls only upon the
Lord of all Being.
26:165 What, do you come to male beings, leaving your wives that your Lord
created for you? Nay, but you are a people of transgressors. They said, 'If thou
givest not over, Lot, thou shalt assuredly be one of the expelled.' He said, 'Truly I
am a detester of what you do. My Lord, deliver me and my people from that they
do.'
26:170 So We delivered him and his people all together, save an old woman
among those that tarried; then We destroyed the others, and We rained on them
a rain; and evil is the rain of them that are warned.
26:175

Surely in that is a sign,


yet most of them are not believers.
Surely thy Lord, He is
the All-mighty, the All-compassionate.

The men of the Thicket cried lies to the Envoys when Shuaib said to them, 'Will
you not be godfearing? I am for you a faithful Messenger, so fear you God, and
obey you me.
26:180 I ask of you no wage for this; my wage falls only upon the Lord of all
Being. Fill up the measure, and be not cheaters, and weigh with the straight
balance, and diminish not the goods of the people, and do not mischief in the
earth, working corruption. Fear Him who created you, and the generations of the
ancients.'

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26:185 They said, 'Thou art merely one of those that are bewitched; thou art
naught but a mortal, like us; indeed, we think that thou art one of the liars. Then
drop down on us lumps from heaven, if thou art one of the truthful.'
He said, 'My Lord knows very well what you are doing.' But they cried him lies;
then there seized them the chastisement of the Day of Shadow; assuredly it was
the chastisement of a dreadful day.
26:190 Surely in that is a sign, yet most of them are not believers. Surely thy
Lord, He is the All-mighty, the All-compassionate.
Truly it is the revelation of the Lord of all Being, brought down by the Faithful
Spirit upon thy heart, that thou mayest be one of the warners,
26:195 in a clear, Arabic tongue. Truly it is in the Scriptures of the ancients.
Was it not a sign for them, that it is known to the learned of the Children of Israel?
If We had sent it down on a barbarian and he had recited it to them, they would
not have believed in it.
26:200 Even so We have caused it to enter into the hearts of the sinners, who will
not believe in it, until they see the painful chastisement so that it will come upon
them suddenly, while they are not aware, and they will say, 'Shall we be respited?'
What, do they seek to hasten Our chastisement?
26:205 What thinkest thou? If We give them enjoyment of days for many years,
then there comes on them that they were promised, what will it then avail them,
the enjoyment of days they were given?
Never a city We destroyed, but it had warners for a reminder; and never did We
wrong.
26:210 Not by the Satans has it been brought down; it behoves them not, neither
are they able. Truly, they are expelled from hearing. So call thou not upon another
god with God, lest thou shouldst be one of those that are chastised. And warn thy
clan, thy nearest kin.
26:215 Lower thy wing to those who follow thee, being believers; then, if they
disobey thee, say, 'I am quit of that you do.'
Put thy trust in the All-mighty, the All-compassionate who sees thee when thou
standest and when thou turnest about among those who bow.

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26:220 Surely He is the All-hearing, the All-knowing.


Shall I tell you on whom the Satans come down? They come down on every guilty
impostor. They give ear, but most of them are liars. And the poets -- the perverse
follow them;
26:225 hast thou not seen how they wander in every valley and how they say that
which they do not?
Save those that believe, and do righteous deeds, and remember God oft, and
help themselves after being wronged; and those who do wrong shall surely know
by what overturning they will he overturned.
XXVII

THE ANT

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


27:1 Ta Sin
Those are the signs of the Koran and a Manifest Book, a guidance, and good
tidings unto the believers who perform the prayer, and pay the alms, and have
sure faith in the Hereafter.
Those who believe not in the Hereafter, We have decked out fair for them their
works, and they wander blindly;
27:5 those are they whom an evil chastisement awaits, and they will be the
greatest losers in the Hereafter.
Thou receivest the Koran from One All-wise, All-knowing.
When Moses said to his people 'I observe a fire, and will bring you news of it, or I
will bring you a flaming brand, that haply you shall warm yourselves.' So, when he
came to it, he was called: 'Blessed is he who is in the fire, and he who is about it.
Glory be to God, the Lord of all Being! Moses, behold, it is I, God, the All-mighty,
the All-wise.
27:10 'Cast down thy staff.' And when he saw it quivering like a serpent he turned
about, retreating, and turned not back. 'Moses, fear not; surely the Envoys do not
fear in My presence, save him who has done evil, then; after evil, has changed

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into good; All-forgiving am I, All-compassionate. Thrust thy hand in thy bosom and
it will come forth white without evil-among nine signs to Pharaoh and his people;
they are an ungodly people.' But when Our signs came to them visibly, they said,
'This is a manifest sorcery'; and they denied them, though their souls
acknowledged them, wrongfully and out of pride. Behold, how was the end of the
workers of corruption!
27:15 And We gave David and Solomon knowledge and they said, 'Praise
belongs to God who has preferred us over many of His believing servants.'
And Solomon was David's heir, and he said, 'Men, we have been taught the
speech of the birds, and we have been given of everything; surely this is indeed
the manifest bounty.' And his hosts were mustered to Solomon, jinn, men and
birds, duly disposed; till, when they came on the Valley of Ants, an ant said, 'Ants,
enter your dwelling-places, lest Solomon and his hosts crush you, being
unaware!' But he smiled, laughing at its words, and he said, 'My Lord, dispose me
that I may be thankful for Thy blessing wherewith Thou hast blessed me and my
father and mother, and that I may do righteousness well-pleasing to Thee; and do
Thou admit me, by Thy mercy, amongst Thy righteous servants.'
27:20 And he reviewed the birds; then he said, 'How is it with me, that I do not
see the hoopoe? Or is he among the absent? Assuredly I will chastise him with a
terrible chastisement, or I will slaughter him, or he bring me a clear authority.' But
he tarried not long, and said, 'I have comprehended that which thou hast not
comprehended, and I have come from Sheba to thee with a sure tiding. I found a
woman ruling over them, and she has been given of everything, and she
possesses a mighty throne. I found her and her people prostrating to the sun,
apart from God; Satan has decked out fair their deeds to them and he has barred
them from the way, and therefore they are not guided,
27:25 so that they prostrate not themselves to God, who brings forth what is
hidden in the heavens and earth; and He knows what you conceal and what you
publish. God: there is no god but He, the Lord of the Mighty Throne.' Said he,
'Now We will see whether thou hast spoken truly, or whether thou art amongst
those that lie. Take this letter of mine, and cast it unto them, then turn back from
them and see what they shall return ' She said, 'O Council, see, a letter
honourable has been cast unto me.
27:30 It is from Solomon, and it is "In the Name of God, the Merciful, the
Compassionate. Rise not up against me, but come to me in surrender." ' She
said, 'O Council, pronounce to me concerning my affair; I am not used to decide
an affair until you bear me witness.' They said, 'We possess force and we

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possess great might. The affair rests with thee; so consider what thou wilt
command.' She said, 'Kings, when they enter a city, disorder it and make the
mighty ones of its inhabitants abased. Even so they too will do.
27:35 Now I will send them a present, and see what the envoys bring back.' But
when he came to Solomon he said, 'What, would you succour me with wealth,
and what God gave me is better than what He has given you? Nay, but instead
you rejoice in your gift! Return thou to them; we shall assuredly come against
them with hosts they have not power to resist, and we shall expel them from
there, abased and utterly humbled.' He said, 'O Council, which one of you will
bring me her throne, before they come to me in surrender?' An efreet of the jinns
said, 'I will bring it to thee, before thou risest from thy place; I have strength for it
27:40 and I am trusty.' Said he who possessed knowledge of the Book, 'I will
bring it to thee, before ever thy glance returns to thee.' Then, when he saw it
settled before him, he said, 'This is of my Lord's bounty that He may try me,
whether I am thankful or ungrateful. Whosoever gives thanks gives thanks only
for his own soul's good, and whosoever is ungrateful -- my Lord is surely Allsufficient, All-generous.' He said, 'Disguise her throne for her, and we shall behold
whether she is guided or if she is of those that are not guided.' So, when she
came, it was said, 'Is thy throne like this?' She said, 'It seems the same.' 'And we
were given the knowledge before her, and we were in surrender, but that she
served, apart from God, barred her, for she was of a people of unbelievers.' It was
said to her, 'Enter the pavilion.' But when she saw it, she supposed it was a
spreading water, and she bared her legs. He said, 'It is a pavilion smoothed of
27:45 crystal. She said, 'My Lord, indeed I have wronged myself, and I surrender
with Solomon to God, the Lord of all Being.'
And We sent to Thamood their brother Salih: 'Serve you God!' And behold, they
were two parties, that were disputing one with another.
He said, 'O my people, why do you seek to hasten evil before good? Why do you
not ask forgiveness of God? Haply so you will find mercy.'
They said, 'We augur ill of thee and of those that are with thee.' He said, 'Your
augury is with God; nay, but you are a people being proved.'
Now in the city there were nine persons who did corruption in the land, and put
not things right;

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27:50 they said, 'Swear you, one to another, by God, "We will attack him and his
family by night, then we will tell his protector, We were not witnesses of the
destruction of his family; and assuredly we are truthful men."'
And they devised a device, and We likewise devised a device, while they were
not aware; and behold, how was the end of their device! For We destroyed them
and their people all together. Those are their houses, all fallen down because of
the evil they committed; surely in that is a sign for a people who have knowledge.
And We delivered those who believed and were godfearing.
27:55 And Lot, when he said to his people, 'What, do you commit indecency with
your eyes open? What, do you approach men lustfully instead of women? No,
you are a people that are ignorant.' And the only answer of his people was that
they said, 'Expel the folk of Lot from your city; they are men that keep themselves
clean!'
So We delivered him and his family, except his wife; We decreed she should be of
those that tarried. And We rained on them a rain; and evil indeed is the rain of
them that are warned.
27:60 Say: 'Praise belongs to God,
and peace be on His servants
whom He has chosen.'
What, is God better, or that
they associate?
He who created the heavens and earth, and sent down for you out of heaven
water; and We caused to grow therewith gardens full of loveliness whose trees
you could never grow. Is there a god with God? Nay, but they are a people who
assign to Him equals!
He who made the earth a fixed place and set amidst it rivers and appointed for it
firm mountains and placed a partition between the two seas. Is there a god with
God? Nay, but the most of them have no knowledge.
He who answers the constrained, when he calls unto Him, and removes the evil
and appoints you to be successors in the earth. Is there a god with God? Little
indeed do you remember.
He who guides you in the shadows of the land and the sea and looses the winds,
bearing good tidings before His mercy. Is there a god with God? High exalted be
God, above that which they associate!

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27:65 Who originates creation, then brings it back again, and provides you out of
heaven and earth. Is there a god with God?
Say: 'Produce your proof, if you speak truly.'
Say: 'None knows the Unseen in the heavens and earth except God. And they
are not aware when they shall be raised; nay, but their knowledge fails as to the
Hereafter; nay, they are in doubt of it; nay, they are blind to it.
The unbelievers say, 'What, when we are dust, and our fathers, shall we indeed
be brought forth?
27:70 We have been promised this, and our fathers before; this is naught but the
fairy-tales of the ancients.'
Say: 'Journey in the land, then behold how was the end of the sinners.'
Do not sorrow for them, nor be thou straitened for what they devise.
They say, 'When shall this promise come to pass, if you speak the truth?' Say: 'It
may be that riding behind you already is some part of that you seek to hasten on.
27:75 Surely thy Lord is bountiful to men; but most of them are not thankful.
Surely thy Lord knows what their hearts conceal, and what they publish. And not
a thing is there hidden in heaven and earth but it is in a Manifest Book.
Surely this Koran relates to the Children of Israel most of that concerning which
they are at variance; it is a guidance, and a mercy unto the believers.
27:80 Surely thy Lord will decide between them by His Judgment; He is the Allmighty, the All-knowing. So put thy trust in God; thou art upon the manifest truth.
Thou shalt not make the dead to hear, neither shalt thou make the deaf to hear
the call when they turn about, retreating. Thou shalt not guide the blind out of
their error neither shalt thou make any to hear, save such as believe in Our signs,
and so surrender.
When the Word falls on them, We shall bring forth for them out of the earth a
beast that shall speak unto them: 'Mankind had no faith in Our signs.'
27:85 Upon the day when We shall muster out of every nation a troop of those
that cried lies to Our signs, duly disposed, till, when they are come, He shall say,

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'Did you cry lies to My signs, not comprehending them in knowledge, or what
have you been doing?' And the Word shall fall upon them because of the evil they
committed, while they speak naught.
Have they not seen how We made the night for them, to repose in it, and the day,
to see? Surely in that is a sign for a people who are believers.
On the day the Trumpet is blown, and terrified is whosoever is in the heavens and
earth, excepting whom God wills, and every one shall come to Him, all utterly
abject;
27:90 and thou shalt see the mountains, that thou supposest fixed, passing by
like clouds -- God's handiwork, who has created everything very well. He is aware
of the things you do. Whosoever comes with a good deed, he shall have better
than it; and they shall be secure from terror that day. And whosoever comes with
an evil deed, their faces shall be thrust into the Fire: 'Are you recompensed but
for what you did?'
I have only been commanded to serve the Lord of this territory which He has
made sacred; to Him belongs everything. And I have been commanded to be of
those that surrender, and to recite the Koran. So whosoever is guided, is only
guided to his own gain; and whosoever goes astray, say: 'I am naught but a
warner.
27:95 And say: 'Praise belongs to God. He shall show you His signs and you will
recognise them. Thy Lord is not heedless of the things you do.'
XXVIII

THE STORY

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


28:1 Ta Sin Mim
Those are the signs of the Manifest Book.
We will recite to thee something of the tiding of Moses and Pharaoh truthfully, for
a people who believe.

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Now Pharaoh had exalted himself in the land and had divided its inhabitants into
sects, abasing one party of them, slaughtering their sons, and sparing their
women; for he was of the workers of corruption.
Yet We desired to be gracious to those that were abased in the land, and to make
them leaders, and to make them the inheritors,
28:5 and to establish them in the land, and to show Pharaoh and Haman, and
their hosts, what they were dreading from them.
So We revealed to Moses' mother, 'Suckle him, then, when thou fearest for him,
cast him into the sea, and do not fear, neither sorrow, for We shall return him to
thee, and shall appoint him one of the Envoys.'
So then the folk of Pharaoh picked him out to be an enemy and a sorrow to them;
certainly Pharaoh and Haman, and their hosts, were of the sinners.
Said Pharaoh's wife, 'He will be a comfort to me and thee. Slay him not;
perchance he will profit us, or we will take him for a son.' And they were not
aware.
On the morrow the heart of Moses' mother became empty, and she wellnigh
disclosed him had We not strengthened her heart, that she might be among the
believers;
28:10 and she said to his sister, 'Follow him,' and she perceived him from afar,
even while they were not aware. Now We had forbidden to him aforetime to be
suckled by any foster-mother; therefore she said, 'Shall I direct you to the people
of a household who will take charge of him for you and look after him?'
So We returned him to his mother, that she might be comforted and not sorrow,
and that she might know that the promise of God is true; but most of them do not
know.
And when he was fully grown and in the perfection of his strength, We gave him
judgment and knowledge; even so do We recompense the good-doers.
And he entered the city, at a time when its people were unheeding, and found
there two men fighting; the one was of his own party, and the other was of his
enemies. Then the one that was of his party cried to him to aid him against the
other that was of his enemies; so Moses struck him, and despatched him, and
said, 'This is of Satan's doing; he is surely an enemy misleading, manifest.'

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28:15 He said, 'My Lord, I have wronged myself. Forgive me!' So God forgave
him, for He is the All-forgiving, the All-compassionate.
He said, 'My Lord, forasmuch as Thou hast blessed me, I will never be a partisan
of the sinners.'
Now in the morning he was in the city, fearful and vigilant; and behold, the man
who had sought his, succour on the day before cried out to him again. Moses said
to him, 'Clearly thou art, a quarreller.'
But when he would have assaulted the man who was an enemy to them both, the
man said, 'Moses, dost thou desire to slay me, even as thou slewest a living soul
yesterday? Thou only desirest to be a tyrant in the land; thou desirest not to be of
them that put things right.'
Then came a man from the furthest part of the city, running; he said, 'Moses, the
Council are conspiring to slay thee. Depart; I am one of thy sincere advisers.'
28:20 So he departed therefrom, fearful and vigilant; he said, 'My Lord, deliver me
from the people of the evildoers.'
And when he turned his face towards Midian he said, 'It may be that my Lord will
guide me on the right way. And when he came to the waters of Midian he found a
company of the people there drawing water, and he found, apart from them, two
women holding back their flocks. He said, 'What is your business?' They said,
'We may not draw water until the shepherds drive off; and our father is passing
old.'
So he drew water for them; then he turned away to the shade, and he said, 'O my
Lord, surely I have need of whatever good Thou shalt have sent down upon me.
28:25 Then came one of the two women to him, walking modestly, and said, 'My
father invites thee, that he may recompense thee with the wage of thy drawing
water for us.' So when he came to him and had related to him the story, he said,
'Be not afraid; thou hast escaped from the people of the evildoers.'
Said one of the two women, 'Father, hire him; surely the best man thou canst hire
is the one strong and trusty.'
He said, 'I desire to marry thee to one of these my two daughters, on condition
that thou hirest thyself to me for eight years. If thou completest ten, that shall be

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of thy own accord; I do not desire to press hard upon thee. Thou shalt assuredly
find me, if God wills, one of the righteous.'
Said he, 'So let it be between me and thee. Whichever of the two terms I fulfil, it
shall be no injustice to me; and God is guardian of what we say.
So when Moses had accomplished the term and departed with his household, he
observed on the side of the Mount a fire. He said to his household, 'Tarry you
here; I observe a fire. Perhaps I shall bring you news of it, or a faggot from the
fire, that haply you shall warm yourselves.'
28:30 When he came to it, a voice cried from the right of the watercourse, in the
sacred hollow, coming from the tree: 'Moses, I am God, the Lord of all Being.'
'Cast down thy staff.' And when he saw it quivering like a serpent, he turned about
retreating, and turned not back. 'Moses, come forward, and fear not; for surely
thou art in security.'
Insert thy hand into thy bosom, and it will come forth white without evil; and press
to thee thy arm, that thou be not afraid. So these shall be two proofs from thy
Lord to Pharaoh and his Council; for surely they are an ungodly people.'
Said he, 'My Lord, I have indeed slain a living soul among them, and I fear that
they will slay me.
Moreover my brother Aaron is more eloquent than I. Send him with me as a
helper and to confirm I speak truly, for I fear they will cry me lies.'
28:35 Said He, 'We will strengthen thy arm by means of thy brother, and We shall
appoint to you an authority, so that they shall not reach you because of Our signs;
you, and whoso follows you, shall be the victors.'
So when Moses came to them with Our signs, clear signs, they said, 'This is
nothing but a forged sorcery. We never heard of this among our fathers, the
ancients.'
But Moses said, 'My Lord knows very well who comes with the guidance from
Him, and shall possess the Ultimate Abode; surely the evildoers will not prosper.'
And Pharaoh said, 'Council, I know not that you have any god but me. Kindle me,
Haman, a fire upon the clay, and make me a tower, that I may mount up to Moses'
god; for I think that he is one of the liars.'

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And he waxed proud in the land, he and his hosts, wrongfully; and they thought
they should not be returned to Us.
28:40 Therefore We seized him and his hosts, and cast their into the sea; so
behold how was the end of the evildoers!
And We appointed them leaders, calling to the Fire; and on the Day of
Resurrection they shall not be helped; and We pursued them in this world with a
curse, and on the Day of Resurrection they shall be among the spurned.
And We gave Moses the Book, after that We had destroyed the former
generations, to be examples and a guidance and a mercy, that haply so they
might remember.
Thou wast not upon the western side when We decreed to Moses the
commandment, nor wast thou of those witnessing;
28:45 but We raised up generations, and long their lives continued. Neither wast
thou a dweller among the Midianites, reciting to them Our signs; but We were
sending Messengers. Thou wast not upon the side of the Mount when We called;
but for a mercy from thy Lord, that thou mayest warn a people to whom no warner
came before thee, and that haply they may remember. Else, did an affliction visit
them for that their own hands have forwarded then they might say, 'Our Lord, why
didst Thou not send a Messenger to us that we might follow Thy signs and so be
among the believers?'
Yet when the truth came to them from Ourselves, they said, 'Why has he not been
given the like of that Moses was given?' But they, did they not disbelieve also in
what Moses was given aforetime? They said, 'A pair of sorceries mutually
supporting each other.' They said, 'We disbelieve both.'
28:50 Say: 'Bring a Book from God that gives better guidance than these, and
follow it, if you speak truly.'
Then if they do not answer thee, know that they are only following their caprices;
and who is further astray than he who follows his caprice without guidance from
God? Surely God guides not the people of the evildoers.
Now We have brought them the Word; haply they may remember. Those to whom
We gave the Book before this believe in it and, when it is recited to them, they
say, 'We believe in it; surely it is the truth from our Lord. Indeed, even before it we
had surrendered.'

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These shall be given their wage twice over for that they patiently endured, and
avert evil with good, and expend of that We have provided them.
28:55 When they hear idle talk, they turn away from it and say, 'We have our
deeds, and you your deeds. Peace be upon you! We desire not the ignorant.'
Thou guidest not whom thou likest, but God guides whom He wills, and knows
very well those that are guided. They say, 'Should we follow the guidance with
thee, we shall be snatched from our land.' Have We not established for them a
sanctuary secure, to which are collected the fruits of everything, as a provision
from Us? But most of them know not. How many a city We have destroyed that
flourished in insolent ease!
Those are their dwelling-places, undwelt in after them, except a little; Ourselves
are the inheritors. Yet thy Lord never destroyed the cities until He sent in their
mother-city a Messenger, to recite Our signs unto them; and We never destroyed
the cities, save that their inhabitants were evildoers.
28:60 Whatever thing you have been given is the enjoyment of the present life
and its adornment; and what is with God is better and more enduring.
Will you not understand? What, is he to whom We have promised a fair promise,
and he receives it, like him to whom We have given the enjoyment of the present
life, then he on the Resurrection Day shall be of those that are arraigned?
Upon the day when He shall call to them, and He shall say, 'Where now are My
associates whom you were asserting?' Those against whom the Word is realized
they shall say, 'Our Lord, those whom we perverted, we perverted them even as
we ourselves erred. We declare our innocence unto Thee; it was not us that they
were serving.'
It shall be said, 'Call you now upon your associates!' And they will call upon them,
but they shall not answer them, and they shall see the chastisement -- ah, if they
had been guided!
28:65 Upon the day when He shall call to them, and He shall say, 'What answer
gave you to the Envoys?' Upon that day the tidings will be darkened for them, nor
will they ask each other.
But as for him who repents, and believes, and works righteousness, haply he
shall be among the prosperers. Thy Lord creates whatsoever He will and He
chooses; they have not the choice. Glory be to God! High be He exalted above
that they associate!

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And thy Lord knows what their breasts conceal and what they publish.
28:70
And He is God;
there is no god but He.
His is the praise
in the former as in the latter;
His too is the Judgment,
and unto Him you shall be returned.
Say: 'What think you? If God should make the night unceasing over you, until the
Day of Resurrection, what god other than God shall bring you illumination? Will
you not hear?'
Say: 'What think you? If God should make the day unceasing over you, until the
Day of Resurrection, what god other than God shall bring you night to repose in?
Will you not see?
Of His mercy He has appointed for you night and day, for you to repose in and
seek after His bounty, that haply you will be thankful.'
Upon the day when He shall call to them, and He shall say, 'Where now are My
associates whom you were asserting?' And We shall draw out from every nation a
witness, and say,
28:75 'Produce your proof!' Then will they know that Truth is God's, and there
shall go astray from them that they were forging.
Now Korah was of the people of Moses; he became insolent to them, for We had
given him treasures such that the very keys of them were too heavy a burden for
a company of men endowed with strength. When his people said to him, 'Do not
exult; God loves not those that exult; but seek, amidst that which God has given
thee, the Last Abode, and forget not thy portion of the present world; and do
good, as God has been good to thee.' And seek not to work corruption in the
earth; surely God loves not the workers of corruption.'
He said, 'What I have been given is only because of a knowledge that is in me.'
What, did he not know that God had destroyed before him generations of men
stronger than he ill might, and more numerous in multitude? And yet the sinners
shall not be questioned concerning their sins.
So he went forth unto his people in his adornment. Those who desired the
present life said, 'Would that we possessed the like of that Korah has been given!
Surely he is a man of mighty fortune.

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28:80 But those to whom knowledge had been given said, 'Woe upon you! The
reward of God is better for him who believes, and works righteousness; and none
shall receive it except the steadfast.'
So We made the earth to swallow him and his dwelling and there was no host to
help him, apart from God, and he was helpless; and in the morning those who
had longed to be in his place the day before were saying, 'Ah, God outspreads
and straitens His provision to whomsoever He will of His servants. Had God not
been gracious to us, He would have made us to be swallowed too. Ah, the
unbelievers do not prosper,
That is the Last Abode; We appoint it for those who desire not exorbitance in the
earth, nor corruption. The issue ultimate is to the godfearing. Whoso brings a
good deed shall have better than it; and whoso brings an evil deed those who
have done evil deeds shall only be recompensed for that they were doing.
28:85 He who imposed the Recitation upon thee shall surely restore thee to a
place of homing. Say: 'My Lord' knows very well who comes with guidance, and
who is in manifest error. Thou didst not hope that the Book should be cast unto
thee, except it be as a mercy from thy Lord; so be thou not a partisan of the
unbelievers. Let them not bar thee from the signs of God, after that they have
been sent down to thee. And call upon thy Lord, and be thou not of the idolaters.
And call not upon another god with God; there is no god but He. All things perish,
except His Face. His is the Judgment, and unto Him you shall be returned.
XXIX

THE SPIDER

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


29:1 Alif Lam Mim
Do the people reckon that they will be left to say 'We believe,' and will not be
tried? We certainly tried those that were before them, and assuredly God knows
those who speak truly, and assuredly He knows the liars.
Or do they reckon, those who do evil deeds, that they will outstrip Us? Ill they
judge! Whoso looks to encounter God, God's term is coming; He is the Allhearing, the All-knowing.

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29:5 Whosoever struggles, struggles only to his own gain; surely God is Allsufficient nor needs any being. And those who believe, and do righteous deeds,
We shall surely acquit them of their evil deeds, and shall recompense them the
best of what they were doing.
We have charged man, that he be kind to his parents; but if they strive with thee
to make thee associate with Me that whereof thou hast no knowledge, then do not
obey them; unto Me you shall return, and I shall tell you what you were doing.
And those who believe, and do righteous deeds assuredly We shall admit them
among the righteous.
Some men there are who say, 'We believe in God,' but when such a man is hurt
in God's cause, he makes the persecution of men as it were God's chastisement;
then if help comes from thy Lord, he will say 'We were with you.' What, does not
God know very well what is in the breasts of all beings?
29:10 God surely knows the believers, and He knows the hypocrites.
The unbelievers say to the believers, 'Follow our path, and let us carry your
offences'; yet they cannot carry anything, even of their own offences; they are
truly liars.
They shall certainly carry their loads, and other loads along with their loads, and
upon the Day of Resurrection they shall surely be questioned concerning that
they were forging.
Indeed, We sent Noah to his people, and he tarried among them a thousand
years, all but fifty; so the Flood seized them, while they were evildoers.
Yet We delivered him, and those who were in the ship, and appointed it for a sign
unto all beings.
29:15 And Abraham, when he said to his people, 'Serve God, and fear Him; that
is better for you, did you know. You only serve, apart from God, idols and you
create a calumny; those you serve, apart from God, have no power to provide for
you. So seek after your provision with God, and serve Him, and be thankful to
Him; unto Him you shall be returned.
'But if you cry me lies, nations cried lies before you; and it is only for the
Messenger to deliver the Manifest Message.'

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(Have they not seen how God originates creation, then brings it back again?
Surely that is an easy matter for God. Say: Journey in the land, then behold how
He originated creation; then God causes the second growth to grow; God is
powerful over everything,
29:20 chastising whom He will, and having mercy on whomsoever He will, and
unto Him you shall be turned. You are not able to frustrate Him either in the earth
or in heaven; and you have not, apart from God, either protector or helper.
And those who disbelieve in God's signs and the encounter with Him -- they
despair of My mercy, and there awaits them a painful chastisement.)
But the only answer of his people was that they said, 'Slay him, or burn him!'
Then God delivered him from the fire; surely in that are signs for a people who
believe.
And he said, 'You have only taken to yourselves idols, apart from God, as a mark
of mutual love between you in the present life; then upon the Day of Resurrection
you will deny one another, and you will curse one another, and your refuge will be
the Fire, and you will have no helpers.'
29:25 But Lot believed him; and he said, 'I will flee to my Lord; He is the Allmighty, the All-wise.'
And We gave him Isaac and Jacob, and We appointed the Prophecy and the
Book to be among his seed; We gave him his wage in this world, and in the world
to come he shall be among the righteous.
And Lot, when he said to his people 'Surely you commit such indecency as never
any being in all the world committed before you. What, do you approach men,
and cut the way, and commit in your assembly dishonour?' But the only answer of
his people was that they said, 'Then bring us the chastisement of God, if thou
speakest truly.'
He said, 'My Lord, help me against the people that work corruption.'
29:30 And when Our messengers came to Abraham with the good tidings, they
said, 'We shall destroy the people of this city, for its people are evildoers.'
He said, 'Lot is in it.' They said, 'We know very well who is in it; assuredly We
shall deliver him and his family, except his wife; she has become of those that
tarry.'

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When that Our messengers came to Lot he was troubled on their account and
distressed for them; but they said, 'Fear not, neither sorrow, for surely we shall
deliver thee and thy family, except thy wife; she has become of those that tarry.
We shall send down upon the people of this city wrath out of heaven for their
ungodliness.' And indeed, We have left thereof a sign, a clear sign? unto a people
who understand.
29:35 And to Midian their brother Shuaib; he said, 'O my people, serve God, and
look you for the Last Day; and do not mischief in the land, working corruption.' But
they cried lies to him; so the earthquake seized them, and morning found them in
their habitation fallen prostrate.
And Ad, and Thamood -- it has become clear to you from their dwelling-places;
and Satan decked out fair to them their works, and barred them from the way,
though they saw clearly.
And Korah, and Pharaoh, and Haman; Moses came to them with the clear signs,
but they waxed proud in the earth, yet they outstripped Us not.
Each We seized for his sin; and of them against some We loosed a squall of
pebbles and some were seized by the Cry, and some We made the earth to
swallow, and some We drowned; God would never wrong them, but they wronged
themselves.
29:40 The likeness of those who have taken to them protectors, apart from God,
is as the likeness of the spider that takes to itself a house; and surely the frailest
of houses is the house of the spider, did they but know.
God knows whatever thing they call upon apart from Him; He is the All-mighty, the
All-wise. And those similitudes -- We strike them for the people, but none
understands them save those who know.
God created the heavens and the earth with the truth; surely in that is a sign to
the believers.
Recite what has been revealed to thee of the Book, and perform the prayer;
prayer forbids indecency and dishonour. God's remembrance is greater; and God
knows the things you work.
29:45 Dispute not with the People of the Book save in the fairer manner, except
for those of them that do wrong; and say, 'We believe in what has been sent down

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to us, and what has been sent down to you; our God and your God is One, and to
Him we have surrendered.'
Even so We have sent down to thee the Book. Those to whom We have given the
Book believe in it; and some of these believe in it; and none denies Our signs but
the unbelievers.
Not before this didst thou recite any Book, or inscribe it with thy right hand, for
then those who follow falsehood would: have doubted. Nay; rather it is signs,
clear signs in the breasts of those who have been given knowledge; and none
denies Our signs but the evildoers.
They say, 'Why have signs not been sent down upon him from his Lord?' Say:
'The signs are only with God, and I am only a plain warner.
29:50 What, is it not sufficient for them that We have sent down upon thee the
Book that is recited to them? Surely in that is a mercy, and a reminder to a people
who believe.
Say: 'God suffices as a witness between me and you.' He knows whatsoever is in
the heavens and earth. Those who believe in vanity and disbelieve in God -those, they are the losers. And they demand of thee to hasten the chastisement!
But for a stated term the chastisement would have come upon them; but it shall
come upon them suddenly, when they are not aware. They demand of thee to
hasten the chastisement! Lo, Gehenna encompasses the unbelievers.
29:55 Upon the day the chastisement shall overwhelm them from above them
and from under their feet, and He shall say, 'Taste now what you were doing!'
O My servants who believe, surely My earth is wide; therefore Me do you serve!
Every soul shall taste of death; then unto Us you shall be returned.
And those who believe, and do righteous deeds, We shall surely lodge them in
lofty chambers of paradise, underneath which rivers flow, therein dwelling forever;
and excellent is the wage of those who labour, such men as are patient, and put
their trust in their Lord.
29:60 How many a beast that bears not its own provision, but God provides for it
and you! He is the All-hearer, the All-knower.
If thou askest them, 'Who created the heavens and the earth and subjected the
sun and the moon?' they will say, 'God.' How then are they perverted? God

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outspreads and straitens His provision to whomsoever He will of His servants;


God has knowledge of everything.
If thou askest them, 'Who sends down out of heaven water, and therewith revives
the earth after it is dead?' they will say, 'God.'
Say: 'Praise belongs to God.' Nay, but most of them have no understanding.
This present life is naught but a diversion and a sport; surely the Last Abode is
Life, did they but know.
29:65 When they embark in the ships, they call on God, making their religion
sincerely His; but when He has delivered them to the land, they associate others
with Him, that they may be ungrateful for what We have given them, and take
their enjoyment; they will soon know! Have they not seen that We have appointed
a sanctuary secure, while all about them the people are snatched away? What,
do they believe in vanity, and do they disbelieve in God's blessing?
And who does greater evil than he who forges against God a lie, or cries lies to
the truth when it comes to him? What, is there not in Gehenna a lodging for the
unbelievers?
But those who struggle in Our cause, surely We shall guide them in Our ways;
and God is with the good-doers.
XXX

THE GREEKS

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


30:1 Alif Lam Mim
The Greeks have been vanquished in the nearer part of the land; and, after their
vanquishing, they shall be the victors in a few years. To God belongs the
Command before and after, and on that day the believers shall rejoice in God's
help; God helps whomsoever He will; and He is the All-mighty, the Allcompassionate.
30:5 The promise of God! God fails not His promise, but most men do not know it.
They know an outward part of the present life, but of the Hereafter they are
heedless. What, have they not considered within themselves? God created not

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the heavens and the earth, and what between them is, save with the truth and a
stated term; yet most men disbelieve in the encounter with their Lord.
What, have they not journeyed in the land and beheld how was the end of those
before them? They were stronger than themselves in might, and they ploughed
up the earth and cultivated it more than they themselves have cultivated it; and
their Messengers came to them with the clear signs; and God would never wrong
them, but themselves they wronged.
Then the end of those that did evil was evil, for that they cried lies to the signs of
God and mocked at them.
30:10 God originates creation, then brings it back again, then unto Him you shall
be returned.
Upon the day when the Hour is come, the sinners shall be confounded no
intercessors shall they have amongst their associates, and they shall disbelieve in
their associates. Upon the day when the Hour is come, that day they shall be
divided; as for those who believed, and did deeds of righteousness, they shall
walk with joy in a green meadow,
30:15 but as for those who disbelieved, and cried lies to Our signs and the
encounter of the Hereafter, they shall be arraigned into the chastisement.
So glory be to God both in your evening hour and in your morning hour. His is the
praise in the heavens and earth, alike at the setting sun and in your noontide
hour. He brings forth the living from the dead, and brings forth the dead from the
living, and He revives the earth after it is dead; even so you shall be brought forth.
30:20 And of His signs is that He created you of dust; then lo, you are mortals, all
scattered abroad. And of His signs is that He created for you, of yourselves,
spouses, that you might repose in them, and He has set between you love and
mercy.
Surely in that are signs for a people who consider. And of His signs is the creation
of the heavens and earth and the variety of your tongues and hues. Surely in that
are signs for all living beings.
And of His signs is your slumbering by night and day, and your seeking after His
bounty. Surely in that are signs for a people who hear. And of His signs He shows
you lightning, for fear and hope, and that He sends down out of heaven water and
He revives the earth after it is dead.

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Surely in that are signs for a people who understand. And of His signs is that the
heaven and earth stand firm by His command; then, when He calls you once and
suddenly, out of the earth, lo you shall come forth.
30:25 To Him belongs whosoever is in the heavens and the earth; all obey His
will. And it is He who originates creation, then brings it back again, and it is very
easy for Him. His is the loftiest likeness in the heavens and the earth; He is the
All-mighty, the All-wise.
He has struck for you a similitude from yourselves; do you have, among that your
right hands own, associates in what We have provided for you so that you are
equal in regard to it, you fearing them as you fear each other? So We distinguish
the signs for a people who understand. Nay, but the evildoers follow their own
caprices, without knowledge; so who shall guide those whom God has led astray?
They have no helpers.
So set thy face to the religion, a man of pure faith -- God's original upon which He
originated mankind. There is no changing God's creation. That is the right
religion; but most men know it not -- turning to Him. And fear you Him, and
perform the prayer, and be not of the idolaters, even of those who have divided
up their religion, and become sects, each several party rejoicing in what is theirs.
30:35 When some affliction visits mankind, they call unto their Lord, turning to
Him; then, when He lets them taste mercy from Him, lo, a party of them assign
associates to their Lord, that they may be ungrateful for what We have given
them. 'Take your enjoyment; certainly you will soon know.'
Or have We sent down any authority upon them, such as speaks of that they
associate with Him? And when We let men taste mercy, they rejoice in it; but if
some evil befalls them for that their own hands have forwarded, behold, they
despair. Have they not seen that God outspreads and straitens His provision to
whom He will? Surely in that are signs for a people who believe.
And give the kinsman his right, and the needy, and the traveller; that is better for
those who desire God's Face; those they are the prosperers. And what you give
in usury, that it may increase upon the people's wealth, increases not with God;
but what you give in alms, desiring God's Face, those -- they receive recompense
manifold.

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God is He that created you, then He provided for you, then He shall make you
dead, then He shall give you life; is there any of your associates does aught of
that? Glory be to Him! High be He exalted above that they associate!
30:40 Corruption has appeared in the land and sea, for that men's own hands
have earned, that He may let them taste some part of that which they have done,
that haply so they may return.
Say: 'Journey in the land, then behold how was the end of those that were before;
most of them were idolaters.'
So set thy face to the true religion before there comes a day from God that cannot
be turned back; on that day they shall be sundered apart. Whoso disbelieves, his
unbelief shall be charged against him; and whosoever does righteousness for
themselves they are making provision, that He may recompense those who
believe and do righteous deeds of His bounty; He loves not the unbelievers.
30:45 And of His signs is that He looses the winds, bearing good tidings and that
He may let you taste of His mercy, and that the ships may run at His
commandment, and that you may seek His bounty; haply so you will be thankful.
Indeed, We sent before thee Messengers unto their people, and they brought
them the clear signs; then We took vengeance upon those who sinned; and it was
ever a duty incumbent upon Us, to help the believers.
God is He that looses the winds, that stir up clouds; and He spreads them in
heaven how He will, and shatters them; then thou seest the rain issuing out of the
midst of them, and when He smites with it whomsoever of His servants He will, lo,
they rejoice, although before it was sent down on them before that they had been
in despair.
So behold the marks of God's mercy, how He quickens the earth after it was
dead; surely He is the quickener of the dead, and He is powerful over everything.
30:50 But if We loose a wind, and they see it growing yellow, they remain after
that unbelievers.
Thou shalt not make the dead to hear, neither shalt thou make the deaf to hear
the call when they turn about, retreating. Thou shalt not guide the blind out of
their error neither shalt thou make any to hear except for such as believe in Our
signs, and so surrender.

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God is He that created you of weakness, then He appointed after weakness


strength, then after strength He appointed weakness and grey hairs; He creates
what He will, and He is the All-knowing, the All-powerful.
30:55
Upon the day when the Hour is come,
the sinners shall swear they have not tarried above an hour;
so they were perverted.
But those who have been given knowledge and faith shall say,
'You have tarried in God's Book
till the Day of the Upraising,
This is the Day of the Upraising,
but you did not know.'
So that day their excuses will not profit the evildoers,
nor will they be suffered to make amends.
Indeed, We have struck for the people in this Koran every manner of similitude;
and if thou bringest them a sign, those who are unbelievers will certainly say, 'You
do nothing but follow falsehood.'
Even so God seals the hearts of those that know not.
30:60 So be thou patient; surely God's promise is true; and let not those who
have not sure faith make thee unsteady.
XXXI

LOKMAN

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


31:1 Alif Lam Mim
Those are the signs of the Wise Book for a guidance and a mercy to the gooddoers who perform the prayer, and pay the alms, and have sure faith in the
Hereafter. Those are upon guidance from their Lord; those are the prosperers.
31:5 Some men there are who buy diverting talk to lead astray from the way of
God without knowledge, and to take it in mockery; those -- there awaits them a
humbling chastisement. And when Our signs are recited to such a man he turns
away, waxing proud, as though he heard them not, and in his ears were
heaviness; so give him good tidings of a painful chastisement. Surely those who
believe, and do deeds of righteousness, there awaits them Gardens of Bliss

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therein to dwell forever -- God's promise in truth; and He is the All-mighty, the Allwise.
He created the heavens without pillars you can see, and He cast on the earth firm
mountains, lest it shake with you, and He scattered abroad in it all manner of
crawling thing. And We sent down out of heaven water, and caused to grow in it
of every generous kind.
31:10 This is God's creation; now show me what those have created that are
apart from Him! Nay, but the evildoers are in manifest error.
Indeed, We gave Lokman wisdom: 'Give thanks to God. Whosoever gives thanks
gives thanks only for his own soul's good, and whosoever is ungrateful -- surely
God is All-sufficient, All-laudable.'
And when Lokman said to his son, admonishing him, 'O my son, do not associate
others with God; to associate others with God is a mighty wrong. (And We have
charged man concerning his parents -- his mother bore him in weakness upon
weakness, and his weaning was in two years -- 'Be thankful to Me, and to thy
parents; to Me is the homecoming. But if they strive with thee to make thee
associate with Me that whereof thou hast no knowledge, then do not obey them.
Keep them company honourable in this world; but follow the way of him who turns
to Me. Then unto Me you shall return, and I shall tell you what you were doing.')
31:15 'O my son, if it should be but the weight of one grain of mustard-seed, and
though it be in a rock, or in the heavens, or in the earth, God shall bring it forth;
surely God is All-subtle, All-aware. O my son, perform the prayer, and bid unto
honour, and forbid dishonour. And bear patiently whatever may befall thee; surely
that is true constancy. Turn not thy cheek away from men in scorn, and walk not
in the earth exultantly; God loves not any man proud and boastful. Be modest in
thy walk, and lower thy voice; the most hideous of voices is the ass's.'
Have you not seen how that God has subjected to you whatsoever is in the
heavens and earth, and He has lavished on you His blessings, outward and
inward?
And among men there is such a one that disputes concerning God without
knowledge or guidance, or an illuminating Book;
31:20 and when it is said to them, 'Follow what God has sent down,' they say,
'No; but we will follow such things as we found our fathers doing.' What? Even
though Satan were calling them to the chastisement of the burning?

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And whosoever submits his will to God, being a good-doer, has laid hold of the
most firm handle; and unto God is the issue of all affairs. And whoso disbelieves,
let not his disbelief grieve thee; unto Us they shall return, and We shall tell them
what they did. Surely God knows all the thoughts within the breasts.
To them We give enjoyment a little, then We compel them to a harsh
chastisement.
If thou askest them, 'Who created the heavens and the earth?' they will say,
'God.' Say: 'Praise belongs to God.' Nay, but most of them have no knowledge.
31:25 To God belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth; surely God -- He is
the All-sufficient, the All-laudable.
Though all the trees in the earth were pens, and the sea-seven seas after it to
replenish it, yet would the Words of God not be spent. God is All-mighty, All-wise.
Your creation and your upraising are as but as a single soul. God is All-hearing,
All-seeing.
Hast thou not seen how that God makes the night to enter into the day and
makes the day to enter into the night. and He has subjected the sun and the
moon, each of them running to a stated term, and that God is aware of what you
do?
That is because God -- He is the Truth, and that they call upon apart from Him -that is the false; and for that God is the All-high, the All-great.
31:30 Hast thou not seen how that the ships run upon the sea by the blessing of
God, that He may show you some of His signs? Surely in that are signs for every
man enduring, thankful.
And when the waves cover them like shadows they call upon God, making their
religion sincerely His; but when He has delivered them to the land, some of them
are lukewarm. And none denies Our signs, except every ungrateful traitor.
O men, fear your Lord, and dread a day when no father shall give satisfaction for
his child, and no child shall give satisfaction for his father whatever. Surely God's
promise is true; so let not the present life delude you, and let not the Deluder
delude you concerning God.

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Surely God -- He has knowledge of the Hour; He sends down the rain; He knows
what is in the wombs. No soul knows what it shall earn tomorrow, and no soul
knows in what land it shall die. Surely God is All-knowing, All-aware.
XXXII

PROSTRATION

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


32:1 Alif Lam Mim
The sending down of the Book, wherein no doubt is, from the Lord of all Being.
Or do they say, 'He has forged it'? Say: 'Not so; it is the truth from thy Lord that
thou mayest warn a people to whom no warner came before thee, that haply so
they may be guided.
God is He that created the heavens and the earth, and what between them is, in
six days, then seated Himself upon the Throne. Apart from Him, you have no
protector neither mediator; will you not remember? He directs the affair from
heaven to earth, then it goes up to Him in one day, whose measure is a thousand
years of your counting.
32:5 He is the knower of the Unseen and the Visible, the All-mighty, the Allcompassionate, who has created all things well. And He originated the creation of
man out of clay, then He fashioned his progeny of an extraction of mean water,
then He shaped him, and breathed His spirit in him. And He appointed for you
hearing, and sight, and hearts; little thanks you show.
They say, 'What, when we have gone astray in the earth, shall we indeed be in a
new creation?'
32:10 Nay, but they disbelieve in the encounter with their Lord. Say: 'Death's
angel, who has been charged with you, shall gather you, then to your Lord you
shall be returned.'
Ah, if thou couldst see the guilty hanging their heads before their Lord! 'Our Lord,
we have seen and heard; now return us, that we may do righteousness, for we
have sure faith.'

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'If We had so willed, We could have given every soul its guidance; but now My
Word is realized -- " Assuredly I shall fill Gehenna with jinn and men all together."
So now taste, for that you forgot the encounter of this your day!
We indeed have forgotten you. Taste the chastisement of eternity for that you
were doing!'
32:15 Only those believe in Our signs who, when they are reminded of them, fall
down prostrate and proclaim the praise of their Lord, not waxing proud.
Their sides shun their couches as they call on their Lord in fear and hope; and
they expend of that We have provided them. No soul knows what comfort is laid
up for them secretly, as a recompense for that they were doing. What? Is he who
has been a believer like unto him who has been ungodly?
They are not equal.
As for those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness, there await them the
Gardens of the Refuge, in hospitality for that they were doing.
32:20 But as for the ungodly, their refuge shall be the Fire; as often as they desire
to come forth from it, they shall be restored into it, and it shall be said to them,
'Taste the chastisement of the Fire, which you cried lies to.'
And We shall surely let them taste the nearer chastisement, before the greater;
haply so they will return.
And who does greater evil than he who is reminded of the signs of his Lord, then
turns away from them? We shall take vengeance upon the sinners.
Indeed, We gave Moses the Book; so he not in doubt concerning the encounter
with him; and We appointed it for a guidance to the Children of Israel.
And We appointed from among them leaders guiding by Our command, when
they endured patiently, and had sure faith in Our signs.
32:25 Surely thy Lord will distinguish between them on the Resurrection Day,
touching that whereon they were at variance.
Is it not a guidance to them, how many generations We destroyed before them in
whose dwelling-places they walk? Surely in that are signs; what, will they not
hear?

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Have they not seen how We drive the water to the dry land and bring forth crops
therewith whereof their cattle and themselves eat? What, will they not see?
They also say, 'When shall be this Victory, if you speak truly?'
Say: 'On the Day of Victory their faith shall not profit the unbelievers, nor shall
they be respited.'
So turn thou away from them, and wait; they too are waiting.
XXXIII

THE CONFEDERATES

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


33:1 O Prophet, fear God, and obey not the unbelievers and the hypocrites. God
is All-knowing, All-wise.
And follow what is revealed to thee from thy Lord; surely God is aware of the
things you do. And put thy trust in God; God suffices as a guardian.
God has not assigned to any man two hearts within his breast; nor has He made
your wives, when you divorce, saying, 'Be as my mother's back,' truly your
mothers, neither has He made your adopted sons your sons in fact. That is your
own saying, the words of your mouths; but God speaks the truth, and guides on
the way.
33:5 Call them after their true fathers; that is more equitable in the sight of God. If
you know not who their fathers were, then they are your brothers in religion, and
your clients. There is no fault in you if you make mistakes, but only in what your
hearts premeditate. God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
The Prophet is nearer to the believers than their selves; his wives are their
mothers. Those who are bound by blood are nearer to one another in the Book of
God than the believers and the emigrants; nevertheless you should act towards
your friends honourably; that stands inscribed in the Book.
And when We took compact from the Prophets, and from thee, and from Noah,
and Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, Mary's son; We took from them a solemn
compact, that He might question the truthful concerning their truthfulness; and He
has prepared for the unbelievers a painful chastisement.

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O believers, remember God's blessing upon you when hosts came against you,
and We loosed against them a wind, and hosts you saw not; and God sees the
things you do.
33:10 When they came against you from above you and from below you, and
when your eyes swerved and your hearts reached your throats, while you thought
thoughts about God; there it was that the believers were tried, and shaken most
mightily.
And when the hypocrites, and those in whose hearts is sickness, said, 'God and
His Messenger promised us only delusion.'
And when a party of them said, 'O people of Yathrib, there is no abiding here for
you, therefore return!' And a part of them were asking leave of the Prophet,
saying, 'Our houses are exposed'; yet they were not exposed; they desired only
to flee.
And if entrance had been forced against them from those quarters, and then they
had been asked to apostatise, they would have done so, and but tarried about it
briefly.
33:15 Yet they had made covenant with God before that, that they would not turn
their backs; and covenants with God shall be questioned of. Say: 'Flight will not
profit you, if you flee from death or slaying; you will be given enjoyment of days
then but little.'
Say: 'Who is he that shall defend you from God, if He desires evil for you, or
desires mercy for you?'
They shall find for themselves, apart from God, neither protector nor helper. God
would surely know those of you who hinder, and those who say to their brothers,
'Come to us,' and come to battle but little, being niggardly towards you. When fear
comes upon them, thou seest them looking at thee, their eyes rolling like one who
swoons of death; but when the fear departs, they flay you with sharp tongues,
being niggardly to possess the good things. Those have never believed; God has
made their works to fail; and that is easy for God.
33:20 They think the Confederates have not departed; and if the Confederates
come, they will wish that they were desert-dwellers among the Bedouins asking
for news of you. If they were among you, they would fight but little.

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You have had a good example in God's Messenger for whosoever hopes for God
and the Last Day, and remembers God oft. When the believers saw the
Confederates they said, 'This is what God and His Messenger promised us, and
God and His Messenger have spoken truly.' And it only increased them in faith
and surrender.
Among the believers are men who were true to their covenant with God; some of
them have fulfilled their vow by death, and some are still awaiting, and they have
not changed in the least; that God may recompense the truthful ones for their
truthfulness, and chastise the hypocrites, if He will, or turn again unto them.
Surely God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
33:25 And God sent back those that were unbelievers in their rage, and they
attained no good; God spared the believers of fighting. Surely God is All-strong,
All-mighty.
And He brought down those of the People of the Book who supported them from
their fortresses and cast terror in their hearts; some you slew, some you made
captive. And He bequeathed upon you their lands, their habitations, and their
possessions, and a land you never trod. God is powerful over everything.
O Prophet, say to thy wives: 'If you desire the present life and its adornment,
come now, I will make you provision, and set you free with kindliness.
But if you desire God and His Messenger and the Last Abode, surely God has
prepared for those amongst you such as do good a mighty wage.
33:30 Wives of the Prophet, whosoever among you commits a flagrant indecency,
for her the chastisement shall be doubled; that is easy for God.
But whosoever of you is obedient to God and His Messenger, and does
righteousness, We shall pay her her wage twice over; We have prepared for her a
generous provision. Wives of the Prophet, you are not as other women. If you are
godfearing, be not abject in your speech, so that he in whose heart is sickness
may be lustful; but speak honourable words. Remain in your houses; and display
not your finery, as did the pagans of old. And perform the prayer, and pay the
alms, and obey God and His Messenger. People of the House, God only desires
to put away from you abomination and to cleanse you.
And remember that which is recited in your houses of the signs of God and the
Wisdom; God is All-subtle, All-aware.

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33:35 Men and women who have surrendered, believing men and believing
women, obedient men and obedient women, truthful men and truthful women,
enduring men and enduring women, humble men and humble women, men and
women who give in charity, men who fast and women who fast, men and women
who guard their private parts, men and women who remember God oft -- for them
God has prepared forgiveness and a mighty wage.
It is not for any believer, man or woman, when God and His Messenger have
decreed a matter, to have the choice in the affair. Whosoever disobeys God and
His Messenger has gone astray into manifest error.
When thou saidst to him whom God had blessed and thou hadst favoured, 'Keep
thy wife to thyself, and fear God,' and thou wast concealing within thyself what
God should reveal, fearing other men; and God has better right for thee to fear
Him. So when Zaid had accomplished what he would of her, then We gave her in
marriage to thee, so that there should not be any fault in the believers, touching
the wives of their adopted sons, when they have accomplished what they would
of them; and God's commandment must be performed.
There is no fault in the Prophet, touching what God has ordained for him -- God's
wont with those who passed away before; and God's commandment is doom
decreed; who were delivering the Messages of God, and were fearing Him, and
fearing not any one except Him; and God suffices as a reckoner.
33:40 Muhammad is not the father of any one of your men, but the Messenger of
God, and the Seal of the Prophets; God has knowledge of everything.
O believers, remember God oft, and give Him glory at the dawn and in the
evening. It is He who blesses you, and His angels, to bring you forth from the
shadows into the light. He is All-compassionate to the believers. Their greeting,
on the day when they shall meet Him, will be 'Peace!' And He has prepared for
them a generous wage.
O Prophet, We have sent thee as a witness, and good tidings to bear and
warning, calling unto God by His leave, and as a light-giving lamp.
33:45 Give good tidings to the believers that there awaits them with God great
bounty. And obey not the unbelievers and the hypocrites; heed not their hurt, but
put thy trust in God; God suffices as a guardian.

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O believers, when you marry believing women and then divorce them before you
touch them, you have no period to reckon against them; so make provision for
them, and set them free with kindliness.
O Prophet, We have made lawful for thee thy wives whom thou hast given their
wages and what thy right hand owns, spoils of war that God has given thee, and
the daughters of thy uncles paternal and aunts paternal, thy uncles maternal and
aunts maternal, who have emigrated with thee, and any woman believer, if she
give herself to the Prophet and if the Prophet desire to take her in marriage, for
thee exclusively, apart from the believers -33:50 We know what We have imposed upon them touching their wives and what
their right hands own -- that there may be no fault in thee; God is All-forgiving, Allcompassionate. Thou mayest put off whom thou wilt of them, and whom thou wilt
thou mayest take to thee; and if thou seekest any thou hast set aside there is no
fault in thee. So it is likelier they will be comforted, and not sorrow, and every one
of them will be well-pleased with what thou givest her. God knows what is in your
hearts; God is All-knowing, All-clement.
Thereafter women are not lawful to thee, neither for thee to take other wives in
exchange for them, though their beauty please thee, except what thy right hand
owns; God is watchful over everything.
O believers, enter not the houses of the Prophet, except leave is given you for a
meal, without watching for its hour. But when you are invited, then enter; and
when you have had the meal, disperse, neither lingering for idle talk; that is hurtful
to the Prophet, and he is ashamed before you; but God is not ashamed before
the truth. And when you ask his wives for any object, ask them from behind a
curtain; that is cleaner for your hearts and theirs. It is not for you to hurt God's
Messenger, neither to marry his wives after him, ever; surely that would be, in
God's sight, a monstrous thing. Whether you reveal anything, or whether you
conceal it, surely God has knowledge of everything.
33:55 There is no fault in the Prophet's wives touching their fathers, their sons,
their brothers, their brothers' sons, their sisters' sons, their women, and what their
right hands own. And fear you God; surely God is witness of everything.
God and His angels bless the Prophet. O believers, do you also bless him, and
pray him peace. Those who hurt God and His Messenger -- them God has cursed
in the present world and the world to come, and has prepared for them a
humbling chastisement. And those who hurt believing men and believing women,

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without that they have earned it, have laid upon themselves calumny and
manifest sin.
O Prophet, say to thy wives and daughters and the believing women, that they
draw their veils close to them; so it is likelier they will be known, and not hurt. God
is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
33:60 Now; if the hypocrites do not give over, and those in whose hearts there is
sickness and they that make commotion in the city, We shall assuredly urge thee
against them and then they will be thy neighbours there only a little; cursed they
shalt be, and wheresoever they are come upon they shall be seized and
slaughtered all -- God's wont with those who passed away before; and thou shall
find no changing the wont of God.
The people will question thee concerning the Hour. Say: 'The knowledge of it is
only with God; what shall make thee know? Haply the Hour is nigh.'
God has cursed the unbelievers, and prepared for them a Blaze,
33:65 therein to dwell for ever; they shall find neither protector nor helper.
Upon the day when their faces are turned about in the Fire they shall say, 'Ah,
would we had obeyed God and the Messenger!
They shall say, 'Our Lord, we obeyed our chiefs and great ones, and they led us
astray from the way. Our Lord, give them chastisement twofold, and curse them
with a mighty curse!'
O believers, be not as those who hurt Moses, but God declared him quit of what
they said, and he was high honoured with God.
33:70 O believers, fear God, and speak words hitting the mark, and He will set
right your deeds for you and will forgive you your sins. Whosoever obeys God
and His Messenger has won a mighty triumph.
We offered the trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, but they
refused to carry it and were afraid of it; and man carried it. Surely he is sinful, very
foolish.
That God may chastise the hypocrites, men and women alike, and the idolaters,
men and women alike; and that God may turn again unto the believers, men and
women alike. God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.

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XXXIV

SHEBA

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


34:1 Praise belongs to God to whom belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and
whatsoever is in the earth. To Him belongs praise also in the Hereafter; He is the
All-wise, the All-aware.
He knows what penetrates into the earth, and what comes forth from it, what
comes down from heaven, and what goes up to it; He is the All-compassionate,
the All-forgiving.
The unbelievers say, 'The Hour will never come to us.' Say: 'Yes indeed, by my
Lord, it shall come to you, by Him who knows the Unseen; not so much as the
weight of an ant in heaven and earth escapes from Him, neither is aught smaller
than that, or greater, but it is in a Manifest Book; that He may recompense those
who believe, and do righteous deeds; theirs shall be forgiveness and generous
provision.
34:5 'And those who strive against Our signs to void them -- theirs shall be a
chastisement of painful wrath.'
Those who have been given the knowledge see that what has been sent down to
thee from thy Lord is the truth, and guides to the path of the All-mighty, the Alllaudable.
The unbelievers say, 'Shall we point you to a man who will tell you, when you
have been utterly torn to pieces, then you shall be in a new creation?'
What, has he forged against God a lie, or is he possessed? Not so; but those who
believe not in the Hereafter are in chastisement and far error.
Have they not regarded what lies before them and what lies behind them of
heaven and earth? Did We will, We would make the earth to swallow them, or We
would drop down on them lumps from heaven. Surely in that is a sign to every
penitent servant.
34:10 And We gave David bounty from Us: 'O you mountains, echo God's praises
with him, and you birds!' And We softened for him iron: 'Fashion wide coats of

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mail, and measure well the links. ' -- And do ye righteousness, for surely I see the
things you do.
And to Solomon the wind; its morning course was a month's journey, and its
evening course was a month's journey. And We made the Fount of Molten Brass
to flow for him. And of the jinn, some worked before him by the leave of his Lord;
and such of them as swerved away from Our commandment, We would let them
taste the chastisement of the Blaze; fashioning for him whatsoever he would -places of worship, statues, porringers like water-troughs, and anchored cookingpots. 'Labour, O House of David, in thankfulness; for few indeed are those that
are thankful among My servants.'
And when We decreed that he should die, naught indicated to them that he was
dead but the Beast of the Earth devouring his staff; and when he fell down, the
jinn saw clearly that, had they only known the Unseen, they would not have
continued in the humbling chastisement.
For Sheba also there was a sign in their dwelling-place -- two gardens, one on the
right and one on the left: 'Eat of your Lord's provision, and give thanks to Him; a
good land, and a Lord All-forgiving.'
34:15 But they turned away; so We loosed on them the Flood of Arim, and We
gave them, in exchange for their two gardens, two gardens bearing bitter produce
and tamarisk-bushes, and here and there a few lote-trees.
Thus We recompensed them for their unbelief; and do 'We ever recompense any
but the unbeliever? And We set, between them and the cities that We have
blessed, cities apparent and well We measured the journey between them:
'Journey among them by night and day in security!'
But they said, 'Our Lord, prolong the stages of our travel'; and they wronged
themselves, so We made them as but tales, and We tore them utterly to pieces.
Surely in that are signs for every man enduring, thankful.
Iblis proved true his opinion of them, and they followed him, except a party of the
believers.
34:20 Yet he had no authority over them, but that We might know him who
believed in the Hereafter from him who was in doubt thereof Thy Lord is Guardian
over everything.

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Say: 'Call on those you have asserted apart from God; they possess not so much
as the weight of an ant in the heavens nor in the earth; they have no partnership
in either of them, nor has He in them any supporter.' Intercession will not avail
with Him save for him to whom He gives leave; till, when terror is lifted from their
hearts, they will say, "What said your Lord?' They will say, 'The truth; and He is
the All-high; the All-great.'
Say: 'Who provides for you out of the heavens and the earth?' Say: 'God.' Surely,
either we or you are upon right guidance, or in manifest error.
Say: 'You will not be questioned concerning our sins, neither shall we be
questioned as to what you do.'
34:25 Say: 'Our Lord will bring us together, then make deliverance between us by
the truth. He is the Deliverer, the All-knowing.'
Say: 'Show me those you have joined to Him as associates. No indeed; rather He
is God, the All-mighty, the All-wise.'
We have sent thee not, except to mankind entire, good tidings to bear, and
warning; but most men do not know it. They say, 'When shall this promise come
to pass, if you speak the truth?'
Say: 'You have the tryst of a day that you shall not put back by a single hour nor
put it forward.'
34:30 The unbelievers say, 'We will not believe in this Koran, nor in that before it.'
Ah, if thou couldst see when the evildoers are stationed before their Lord,
bandying argument the one against the other! Those that were abased will say to
those that waxed proud, 'Had it not been for you, we would have been believers.
Those that waxed proud will say to those that were abased, 'What, did we bar you
from the guidance after it came to you? Nay, rather you were sinners.' And those
that were abased will say to those that waxed proud,
'Nay, but devising night and day, when you were ordering us to disbelieve in God,
and to set up compeers to Him.' They will be secretly remorseful when they see
the chastisement and We put fetters on the necks of the unbelievers; shall they
be recompensed except for what they were doing?

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We sent no warner into any city except its men who lived at ease said, 'We
disbelieve in the Message you have been sent with.' They also said, 'We are
more abundant in wealth and children, and we shall not be chastised.'
34:35 Say: 'My Lord outspreads and straitens His provision to whomsoever He
will, but most men do not know it.'
It is not your wealth nor your children that shall bring you nigh in nearness to Us,
except for him who believes, and does righteousness; those -- there awaits them
the double recompense for that they did, and they shall be in the lofty chambers
in security.
And those who strive against Our signs to void them -- those shall be arraigned
into the chastisement.
Say: 'My Lord outspreads and straitens His provision to whomsoever He will of
His servants; and whatever thing you shall expend, He will replace it. He is the
best of providers.'
Upon the day when He shall muster them all together, then He shall say to the
angels, 'Was it you these were serving?'
34:40 They shall say, 'Glory be to Thee! Thou art our Protector, apart from them;
nay rather, they were serving the jinn; most of them believed in them.' 'Therefore
today none of you shall have power to profit or hurt another.' And We shall say to
the evildoers, 'Taste the chastisement of the Fire, which you cried lies to!'
And when Our signs are recited to them, clear signs, they say, 'This is naught but
a man who desires to bar you from that your fathers served'; and they say, 'This is
nothing but a forged calumny.' And the unbelievers say to the truth, when it has
come to them, 'This is nothing but manifest sorcery. We have not given them any
Books to study, nor have We sent them before thee any warner. Those that were
before them also cried lies, yet they reached not a tenth of what We gave them;
they cried lies to My Messengers, and how was My horror!
34:45 Say: 'I give you but one admonition, that you stand unto God, two by two
and one by one, and then reflect: no madness is in your comrade. He is naught
but a warner unto you, before a terrible chastisement.' Say: 'I have asked no
wage of you; that shall be yours. My wage falls only upon God; and He is witness
over everything.'
Say: 'My Lord hurls the truth -- the Knower of the Unseen.'

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Say. 'Truth has come; falsehood originates not, nor brings again.'
Say: 'If I go astray, I go astray only to my own loss; if I am guided, it is by what my
Lord reveals to me. He is All-hearing, Ever-nigh.'
34:50 Ah, if thou couldst see when they are terrified, and there is no escape, and
they are seized from a place near at hand, and they say, 'We believe in it'; but
how can they reach from a place far away, seeing they disbelieved in it before,
guessing at the Unseen from a place far away? And a barrier is set between them
and that they desire, as was done with the likes of them aforetime; they were in
doubt disquieting.
XXXV

THE ANGELS

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


35:1 Praise belongs to God, Originator of the heavens and earth, who appointed
the angels to be messengers having wings two, three and four, increasing
creation as He wills. Surely God is powerful over everything. Whatsoever mercy
God opens to men, none can withhold and whatsoever He withholds, none can
loose after Him. He is the All-mighty, the All-wise.
O men, remember God's blessing upon you; is there any creator, apart from God,
who provides for you out of heaven and earth? There is no god but He: how then
are you perverted?
If they cry lies to thee, Messengers before thee were cried lies to; and unto God
all matters are returned.
35:5 O men, God's promise is true; so let not the present life delude you, and let
not the Deluder delude you concerning God. Surely Satan is an enemy to you; so
take him for an enemy. He calls his party only that they may be among the
inhabitants of the Blaze.
Those who disbelieve -- there awaits them a terrible chastisement; but those who
believe, and do deeds of righteousness -- theirs shall be forgiveness and a great
wage.
And what of him, the evil of whose deeds has been decked out fair to him, so that
he thinks it is good? God leads astray whomsoever He will, and whomsoever He

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will He guides; so let not thy soul be wasted in regrets for them; God has
knowledge of the things they work.
35:10 God is He that looses the winds, that stir up cloud, then We drive it to a
dead land and therewith revive the earth, after it is dead. Even so is the Uprising.
Whosoever desires glory, the glory altogether belongs to God. To Him good
words go up, and the righteous deed -- He uplifts it; but those who devise evil
deeds -- theirs shall be a terrible chastisement, and their devising shall come to
naught.
God created you of dust then of a sperm-drop, then He made you pairs. No
female bears or brings forth, save with His knowledge; and none is given long life
who is given long life neither is any diminished in his life, but it is in a Book.
Surely that is easy for God.
Not equal are the two seas; this is sweet, grateful to taste, delicious to drink, and
that is salt, bitter to the tongue. Yet of both you eat fresh flesh, and bring forth out
of it ornaments for you to wear; and thou mayest see the ships cleaving through
it, that you may seek of His bounty, and so haply you will be thankful. He makes
the night to enter into the day and makes the day to enter into the night, and He
has subjected the sun and the moon, each of them running to a stated term.
That is God, your Lord; to Him belongs the Kingdom; and those you call upon,
apart from Him, possess not so much as the skin of a date-stone.
35:15 If you call upon them, they will not hear your prayer, and if they heard, they
would not answer you; and on the Day of Resurrection they will disown your
partnership. None can tell thee like One who is aware.
O men, you are the ones that have need of God; He is the All-sufficient, the Alllaudable. If He will, He can put you away and bring a new creation; that is surely
no great matter for God.
No soul laden bears the load of another; and if one heavy-burdened calls for its
load to be carried, not a thing of it will be carried, though he be a near kinsman.
Thou warnest only those who fear their Lord in the Unseen and perform the
prayer; and whosoever purifies himself, purifies himself only for his own soul's
good. To God is the homecoming.
35:20 Not equal are the blind and the seeing man, the shadows and the light, the
shade and the torrid heat; not equal are the living and the dead. God makes to

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hear whomsoever He will; thou canst not make those in their tombs to hear -thou art naught but a warner.
Surely We have sent thee with the truth good tidings to bear, and warning; not a
nation there is, but there has passed away in it a warner. If they cry thee lies,
those before them also cried lies; their Messengers came to them with the clear
signs, the Psalms, the Illuminating Book; then I seized the unbelievers, and how
was My horror!
35:25 Hast thou not seen how that God sends down out of heaven water, and
therewith We bring forth fruits of diverse hues? And in the mountains are streaks
white and red, of diverse hues, and pitchy black; men too, and beasts and cattle
-- diverse are their hues. Even so only those of His servants fear God who have
knowledge; surely God is All-mighty, All-forgiving.
Surely those who recite the Book of God and perform the prayer, and expend of
that We have provided them, secretly and in public, look for a commerce that
comes not to naught, that He may pay them in full their wages and enrich them of
His bounty; surely He is All-forgiving, All-thankful.
And that We have revealed to thee of the Book is the truth, confirming what is
before it; God is aware of and sees His servants.
Then We bequeathed the Book on those of Our servants We chose; but of them
some wrong themselves, some of them are lukewarm, and some are outstrippers
in good works by the leave of God; that is the great bounty.
35:30 Gardens of Eden they shall enter; therein they shall be adorned with
bracelets of gold and with pearls, and their apparel there shall be of silk.
And they shall say, 'Praise belongs to God who has put away all sorrow from us.
Surely our Lord is All-forgiving, All-thankful, who of His bounty has made us to
dwell in the abode of everlasting life wherein no weariness assails us neither
fatigue.'
As for the unbelievers, theirs shall be the fire of Gehenna; they shall neither be
done with and die, nor shall its chastisement be lightened for them. Even so We
recompense every ungrateful one.
Therein they shall shout, 'Our Lord, bring us forth, and we will do righteousness,
other than what we have done.' 'What, did We not give you long life, enough to

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remember in for him who would remember? To you the warner came; so taste
you now! The evildoers shall have no helper.'
35:35 God knows the Unseen in the heavens and the earth; He knows the
thoughts within the breasts. It is He who appointed you viceroys in the earth. So
whosoever disbelieves, his unbelief shall be charged against him; their unbelief
increases the disbelievers only in hate in God's sight; their unbelief increases the
disbelievers only in loss.
Say: 'Have you considered your associates on whom you call, apart from God?
Show me what they have created in the earth; or have they a partnership in the
heavens?' Or have We given them a Book, so that they are upon a clear sign
from it? Nay, but the evildoers promise one another naught but delusion.
God holds the heavens and the earth, lest they remove; did they remove, none
would hold them after Him. Surely He is All-clement, All-forgiving.
35:40 They have sworn by God the most earnest oaths that if a warner came to
them, they would be more rightly guided than any one of the nations; but when a
warner came to them, it increased them only in aversion, waxing proud in the
land, and devising evil; but evil devising encompasses only those who do it; So
do they expect anything but the wont of the ancients? And thou shalt never find
any changing the Wont of God, and thou shalt never find any altering the wont of
God.
What, have they not journeyed in the land and beheld how was the end of those
before them? They were stronger than themselves in might; but God -- there is
naught in the heavens or the earth that can frustrate Him. Surely He is Allknowing, All-powerful.
If God should take men to task for what they have earned He would not leave
upon the face of the earth one creature that crawls; but He is deferring them to a
stated term. But when their term is come -- surely God sees His servants.
XXXVI

YA SIN

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


36:1 Ya Sin

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By the Wise Koran, thou art truly among the Envoys on a straight path; the
sending down of the All-mighty, the All-wise, that thou mayest warn a people
whose fathers were never warned, so they are heedless. The Word has been
realised against most of them, yet they do not believe.
Surely We have put on their necks fetters up to the chin, so their heads are
raised; and We have put before them a barrier and behind them a barrier; and We
have covered them, so they do not see.
Alike it is to them whether thou hast warned them or thou hast not warned them,
they do not believe.
36:10 Thou only warnest him who follows the Remembrance and who fears the
All-merciful in the Unseen; so give him the good tidings of forgiveness and a
generous wage. Surely it is We who bring the dead to life and write down what
they have forwarded and what they have left behind; everything We have
numbered in a clear register.
Strike for them a similitude -- the inhabitants of the city, when the Envoys came to
it; when We sent unto them two men, but they cried them lies, so We sent a third
as reinforcement. They said, 'We are assuredly Envoys unto you. They said, 'You
are naught but mortals like us; the All-merciful has not sent down anything. You
are speaking only lies.'
36:15 They said, 'Our Lord knows we are Envoys unto you; and it is only for us to
deliver the Manifest Message.'
They said, 'We augur ill of you. If you give not over, we will stone you and there
shall visit you from us a painful chastisement.'
They said, 'Your augury is with you; if you are reminded? But you are a prodigal
people.'
Then came a man from the furthest part of the city, running; he said, 'My people,
follow the Envoys!
36:20 Follow such as ask no wage of you, that are right-guided. And why should I
not serve Him who originated me, and unto whom you shall be returned?
What, shall I take, apart from Him, gods whose intercession, if the All-merciful
desires affliction for me, shall not avail me anything, and who will never deliver

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me? Surely in that case I should be in manifest error. Behold, I believe in your
Lord; therefore hear me!'
36:25 It was said, 'Enter Paradise!' He said, 'Ah, would that my people had
knowledge that my Lord has forgiven me and that He has placed me among the
honoured.'
And We sent not down upon his people, after him, any host out of heaven; neither
would We send any down. It was only one Cry and lo, they were silent and still.
Ah, woe for those servants! Never comes unto them a Messenger, but they mock
at him.
36:30 What, have they not seen how many generations We have destroyed
before them, and that it is not unto them that they return? They shall every one of
them be arraigned before Us.
And a sign for them is the dead land, that We quickened and brought forth from it
grain, whereof they eat; and We made therein gardens of palms and vines, and
therein We caused fountains to gush forth, that they might eat of its fruits and
their hands' labour.
36:35 What, will they not be thankful? Glory be to Him, who created all the pairs
of what the earth produces, and of themselves, and of what they know not.
And a sign for them is the night; We strip it of the day and lo, they are in
darkness. And the sun -- it runs to a fixed resting-place; that is the ordaining of
the All-mighty, the All-knowing. And the moon -- We have determined it by
stations, till it returns like an aged palm-bough.
36:40 It behoves not the sun to overtake the moon, neither does the night outstrip
the day, each swimming in a sky. And a sign for them is that We carried their seed
in the laden ship, and We have created for them the like of it whereon they ride;
and if We will, We drown them, then none have they to cry to, neither are they
delivered, save as a mercy from Us, and enjoyment for a while.
36:45 And when it is said to them, 'Fear what is before you and what is behind
you; haply you will find mercy' -- yet never any sign of the signs of their Lord
comes to them, but they are turning away from it. And when it is said to them,
'Expend of that God has provided you,' the unbelievers say to the believers,
'What, shall we feed such a one whom, if God willed, He would feed? You are
only in manifest error!'

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They also say, 'When shall this promise come to pass, if you speak truly?' They
are awaiting only for one Cry to seize them while they are yet disputing,
36:50 then they will not be able to make any testament, nor will they return to
their people. And the Trumpet shall be blown; then behold, they are sliding down
from their tombs unto their Lord. They say, 'Alas for us! Who roused us out of our
sleeping place? This is what the All-merciful promised, and the Envoys spoke
truly.'
'It was only one Cry; then behold, they are all arraigned before Us. So today no
soul shall be wronged anything, and you shall not be recompensed, except
according to what you have been doing.
36:55 See, the inhabitants of Paradise today are busy in their rejoicing, they and
-- their spouses, reclining upon couches in the shade; therein they have fruits,
and they have all that they call for.
'Peace!' -- such is the greeting, from a Lord All-compassionate. 'Now keep
yourselves apart, you sinners, upon this day!
36:60 Made I not covenant with you, Children of Adam, that you should not serve
Satan -- surely he is a manifest foe to you -- and that you should serve Me? This
is a straight path. He led astray many a throng of you; did you not understand?
This is Gehenna, then, the same that you were promised; roast well in it today, for
that you were unbelievers!'
36:65 Today We set a seal on their mouths, and their hands speak to Us, and
their feet bear witness as to what they have been earning.
Did We will, We would have obliterated their eyes, then they would race to the
path, but how would they see?
Did We will, We would have changed them where they were, then they could not
go on, nor could they return.
And to whomsoever We give long life, We bend him over in His constitution; what,
do they not understand?
We have not taught him poetry; it is not seemly for him. It is only a Remembrance
and a Clear Koran, that he may warn whosoever is living, and that the Word may
be realized against the unbelievers.

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36:70 Have they not seen how that We have created for them of that Our hands
wrought cattle that they own? We have subdued them to them, and some of them
they ride, and some they eat; other uses also they have in them, and beverages.
What, will they not be thankful? Yet they have taken, apart from God, gods; haply
they might be helped.
36:75 They cannot help them, though they be hosts made ready for them. So do
not let their saying grieve thee; assuredly We know what they keep secret and
what they publish.
Has not man regarded how that We created him of a sperm-drop? Then lo, he is
a manifest adversary. And he has struck for Us a similitude and forgotten his
creation; he says, 'Who shall quicken the bones when they are decayed?'
36:80 Say: 'He shall quicken them, who originated them the first time; He knows
all creation, who has made for you out of the green tree fire and lo, from it you
kindle.' Is not He, who created the heavens and earth, able to create the like of
them? Yes indeed; He is the All-creator, the All-knowing.
His command, when He desires a thing, is to say to it 'Be,' and it is. So glory be to
Him, in whose hand is the dominion of everything, and unto whom you shall be
returned.
XXXVII

THE RANGERS

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


37:1 By the rangers ranging and the scarers scaring and the reciters of a
Remembrance, surely your God is One,
37:5 Lord of the heavens and the earth, and of what between them is Lord of the
Easts.
We have adorned the lower heaven with the adornment of the stars and to
preserve against every rebel Satan; they listen not to the High Council, for they
are pelted from every side, rejected, and theirs is an everlasting chastisement,
37:10 except such as snatches a fragment, and he is pursued by a piercing
flame.

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So ask them for a pronouncement -- Are they stronger in constitution, or those


We created? We created them of clinging clay. Nay, thou marvellest; and they
scoff and, when reminded, do not remember and, when they see a sign, would
scoff;
37:15 and they say, 'This is nothing but manifest sorcery. What, when we are
dead and become dust and bones, shall we indeed be raised up? What, and our
fathers, the ancients?' Say: 'Yes, and in all lowliness.'
For it is only a single scaring, then behold, they are watching
37:20 and they say, 'Woe, alas for us! This is the Day of Doom.' 'This is the Day
of Decision, even that you cried lies to. Muster those who did evil, their wives, and
that they were serving, apart from God, and guide them unto the path of Hell!
37:25 And halt them, to be questioned: "Why help you not one another?"
No indeed; but today they resign themselves in submission and advance one
upon another, asking each other questions. These say, 'Why, you of old would
come to us from the right hand.'
Those say, 'No; on the contrary, you were not believers; we had no authority over
you; no, you were an insolent people.
37:30 So our Lord's Word is realised against us; we are tasting it. Therefore we
perverted you, and we ourselves were perverts.'
So all of them on that day are sharers in the chastisement. Even so We do with
the sinners; for when it was said to them, 'There is no god but God,' they were
ever waxing proud,
37:35 saying, 'What, shall we forsake our gods for a poet possessed?'
'No indeed; but he brought the truth, and confirmed the Envoys. Now certainly
you shall be tasting the painful chastisement, and not be recompensed, except
according to what you were doing.' Except for God's sincere servants;
37:40 for them awaits a known provision, fruits -- and they high-honoured in the
Gardens of Bliss upon couches, set face to face, a cup from a spring being
passed round to them,

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45 white, a delight to the drinkers, wherein no sickness is, neither intoxication;


and with them wide-eyed maidens restraining their glances as if they were hidden
pearls.
They advance one upon another, asking each other questions. One of them says,
'I had a comrade
37:50 who would say, "Are you a confirmer? What, when we are dead and
become dust and bones, shall we indeed be requited?"
He says, 'Are you looking down?' Then he looks, and sees him in the midst of
Hell. He says, 'By God, wellnigh thou didst destroy me;
37:55 But for my Lord's blessing, I were one of the arraigned. What, do we then
not die except for our first death, and are we not chastised? This is indeed the
mighty triumph, for the like of this let the workers work.'
37:60 Is that better as a hospitality, or the Tree of Ez-Zakkoum? We have
appointed it as a trial for the evildoers. It is a tree that comes forth in the root of
Hell; its spathes are as the heads of Satans, and they eat of it, and of it fill their
bellies,
37:65 then on top of it they have a brew of boiling water, then their return is unto
Hell. They found their fathers erring, and they run in their footsteps. Before them
erred most of the ancients,
37:70 and We sent among them warners; and behold, how was the end of them
that were warned, except for God's sincere servants.
Noah called to Us; and how excellent were the Answerers! And We delivered him
and his people from the great distress,
37:75 and We made his seed the survivors,
and left for him among the later folk
'Peace be upon Noah among all beings!'
Even so We recompense the good-doers;
he was among Our believing servants.
37:80 Then afterwards We drowned the rest. Of his party was also Abraham;
when he came unto his Lord with a pure heart, when he said to his father and his
folk, 'What do you serve? Is it a calumny, gods apart from God, that you desire?

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37:85 What think you then of the Lord of all Being?' And he cast a glance at the
stars, and he said, 'Surely I am sick.' But they went away from him, turning their
backs. Then he turned to their gods, and said, 'What do you eat?
37:90 'What ails you, that you speak not?' And he turned upon them smiting them
with his right hand. Then came the others to him hastening. He said, 'Do you
serve what you hew, and God created you and what you make?'
37:95 They said, 'Build him a building, and cast him into the furnace!' They
desired to outwit him; so We made them the lower ones. He said, 'I am going to
my Lord; He will guide me. My Lord, give me one of the righteous.' Then We gave
him the good tidings of a prudent boy;
37:100 and when he had reached the age of running with him, he said, 'My son, I
see in a dream that I shall sacrifice thee; consider, what thinkest thou?'
He said, 'My father, do as thou art bidden; thou shalt find me, God willing, one of
the steadfast.' When they had surrendered, and he flung him upon his brow, We
called unto him, 'Abraham,
37:105 thou hast confirmed the vision; even so We recompense the good-doers.
This is indeed the manifest trial.' And We ransomed him with a mighty sacrifice,
and left for him among the later folk 'Peace be upon Abraham!'
37:110 Even so We recompense the good-doers; he was among Our believing
servants. Then We gave him the good tidings of Isaac, a Prophet, one of the
righteous. And We blessed him, and Isaac; and of their seed some are gooddoers, and some manifest self-wrongers.
37:115 We also favoured Moses and Aaron, and We delivered them and their
people from the great distress. And We helped them, so that they were the
victors; and We gave them the Manifesting Book, and guided them in the straight
path, and left for them among the later folk
37:120 'Peace be upon Moses and, Aaron!' Even so We recompense the gooddoers; they were among Our believing servants.
Elias too was one of the Envoys; when he said to his people, 'Will you not be
godfearing?
37:125 'Do you call on Baal, and abandon the Best of creators? God, your Lord,
and the Lord of your fathers, the ancients?' But they cried him lies; so they will be

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among the arraigned, except for God's sincere servants; and We left for him
among the later folk
37:130 'Peace be upon Elias!' Even so We recompense the good-doers; he was
among Our believing servants.
Lot too was one of the Envoys; when We delivered him and his people all
together,
37:135 save an old woman among those that tarried; then We destroyed the
others, and you pass by them in the morning and in the night; will you not
understand?
37:140 Jonah too was one of the Envoys; when he ran away to the laden ship
and cast lots, and was of the rebutted, then the whale swallowed him down, and
he blameworthy. Now had he not been of those that glorify God, he would have
tarried in its belly until the day they shall be raised;
37:145 but We cast him upon the wilderness, and he was sick, and We caused to
grow over him a tree of gourds. Then We sent him unto a hundred thousand, or
more, and they believed; so We gave them enjoyment for a while.
So ask them for a pronouncement -Has thy Lord daughters, and they sons?
37:150 Or did We create the angels females, while they were witnesses? Is it not
of their own calumny that they say, 'God has begotten?' They are truly liars. Has
He chosen daughters above sons? What ails you then, how you judge?
37:155 What, and will you not remember? Or have you a clear authority? Bring
your Book, if you speak truly!
They have set up a kinship between Him and the jinn; and the jinn know that they
shall be arraigned. Glory be to God above that they describe,
37:160 except for God's sincere servants. But as for you, and that you serve, you
shall not tempt any against Him except him who shall roast in Hell. None of us is
there, but has a known station;
37:165 we are the rangers, we are they that give glory.

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What though they would say, 'If only we had had a Reminder from the ancients,
then were we God's sincere servants.'
37:170 But they disbelieved in it; soon they shall know! Already Our Word has
preceded to Our servants, the Envoys; assuredly they shall be helped, and Our
host -- they are the victors. So turn thou from them for a while,
37:175 and see them; soon they shall see! What, do they seek to hasten Our
chastisement? When it lights in their courtyard, how evil will be the morning of
them that are warned!
So turn thou from them for a while, and see; soon they shall see!
37:180 Glory be to thy Lord, the Lord of Glory, above that they describe! And
peace be upon the Envoys; and praise belongs to God, the Lord of all Being.
XXXVIII

SAD

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


38:1 Sad
By the Koran, containing the Remembrance -- nay, but the unbelievers glory in
their schism. How many a generation We destroyed before them, and they called,
but time was none to escape.
Now they marvel that a warner has come to them from among them; and the
unbelievers say, 'This is a lying sorcerer. What, has he made the gods One God?
This is indeed a marvellous thing.'
38:5 And the Council of them depart, saying 'Go! Be steadfast to your gods; this
is a thing to be desired. We have not heard of this in the last religion; this is surely
an invention. What, has the Remembrance been sent down on him out of us all?'
Nay, but they are in doubt of My Remembrance; nay, they have not yet tasted My
chastisement.
Or have they the treasuries of thy Lord's mercy, the All-mighty, the All-giving? Or
is theirs the kingdom of the heavens and earth and of what between them is?
Why, then let them ascend the cords!

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38:10 A very host of parties is routed there!


Cried lies before them the people of Noah, and Ad, and Pharaoh, he of the tentpegs, and Thamood, and the people of Lot, and the men of the Thicket -- those
were the parties; not one, that cried not lies to the Messengers, so My retribution
was just. These are only awaiting for a single Cry, to which there is no delay.
38:15 They say, 'Our Lord, hasten to us our share before the Day of Reckoning.'
Bear patiently what they say, and remember Our servant David, the man of might;
he was a penitent. With him We subjected the mountains to give glory at evening
and sunrise, and the birds, duly mustered, every one to him reverting; We
strengthened his kingdom, and gave him wisdom and speech decisive.
38:20 Has the tiding of the dispute come to thee? When they scaled the
Sanctuary, when they entered upon David, and he took fright at them; and they
said, 'Fear not; two disputants we are -- one of us has injured the other; so judge
between us justly, and transgress not, and guide us to the right path.'
'Behold, this my brother has ninety-nine ewes, and I have one ewe. So he said,
"Give her into my charge"; and he overcame me in the argument.'
Said he, 'Assuredly he has wronged thee in asking for thy ewe in addition to his
sheep; and indeed many intermixers do injury one against the other, save those
who believe, and do deeds of righteousness -- and how few they are!' And David
thought that We had only tried him; therefore he sought forgiveness of his Lord,
and he fell down, bowing, and he repented. Accordingly We forgave him that, and
he has a near place in Our presence and a fair resort.
38:25 'David, behold, We have appointed thee a viceroy in the earth; therefore
judge between men justly, and follow not caprice, lest it lead thee astray from the
way of God. Surely those who go astray from the way of God -- there awaits them
a terrible chastisement, for that they have forgotten the Day of Reckoning.'
We have not created the heavens and earth, and what between them is, for
vanity; such is the thought of the unbelievers, wherefore woe unto the unbelievers
because of the Fire!
Or shall We make those who believe and do righteous deeds as the workers of
corruption in the earth, or shall We make the godfearing as the transgressors?
A Book We have sent down to thee, Blessed, that men possessed of minds may
ponder its signs and so remember.

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And We gave unto David Solomon; how excellent a servant he was! He was a
penitent.
38:30 When in the evening were presented to him the standing steeds, he said,
'Lo, I have loved the love of good things better than the remembrance of my Lord,
until the sun was hidden behind the veil. Return them to me!' And he began to
stroke their shanks and necks. Certainly We tried Solomon, and We cast upon his
throne a mere body; then he repented. He said, 'My Lord, forgive me, and give
me a kingdom such as may not befall anyone after me; surely Thou art the Allgiver.'
38:35 So We subjected to him the wind, that ran at his commandment, softly,
wherever he might light on, and the Satans, every builder and diver and others
also, coupled in fetters: 'This is Our gift; bestow or withhold without reckoning.'
And he had a near place in Our presence and a fair resort.
38:40 Remember also Our servant Job; when he called to his Lord, 'Behold,
Satan has visited me with weariness and chastisement.' 'Stamp thy foot! This is a
laving-place cool, and a drink.' And We gave to him his family, and the like of
them with them, as a mercy from us, and a reminder unto men possessed of
minds; and, 'Take in thy hand a bundle of rushes, and strike therewith, and do not
fail in thy oath.' Surely We found him a steadfast man. How excellent a servant he
was! He was a penitent.
38:45 Remember also Our servants Abraham, Isaac and Jacob -- men of might
they and of vision. Assuredly We purified them with a quality most pure, the
remembrance of the Abode, and in Our sight they are of the chosen, the
excellent. Remember also Our servants Ishmael, Elisha, and Dhul Kifl; each is
among the excellent.
38:50 This is a Remembrance; and for the godfearing is a fair resort, Gardens of
Eden, whereof the gates are open to them, wherein they recline, and wherein
they call for fruits abundant, and sweet potions, and with them maidens
restraining their glances of equal age.
'This is what you were promised for the Day of Reckoning; this is Our provision,
unto which there is no end.'
38:55 All this; but for the insolent awaits an ill resort, Gehenna, wherein they are
roasted -- an evil cradling! All this; so let them taste it -- boiling water and pus,
and other torments of the like kind coupled together.

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'This is a troop rushing in with you; there is no welcome for them; they shall roast
in the Fire.'
38:60 They say, 'No, it is you have no Welcome; you forwarded it for us; how evil
a
stablishment!'
They say, 'Our Lord, whoso forwarded this for us, give him a double
chastisement
in
the
Fire!'
They say, 'How is it with us, that we do not see men here that we counted
among
the
wicked?
What, did we take them for a laughing-stock? Or have our eyes swerved away
from them?'
Surely that is true -- the disputing of the inhabitants of the Fire.
38:65 Say: 'I am only a warner. There is not any god but God, the One, the
Omnipotent, Lord of the heavens and earth, and of what between them is, the Allmighty, the All-forgiving.'
Say: 'It is a mighty tiding from which you are turning away. I had no knowledge of
the High Council when they disputed.
38:70 This alone is revealed to me, that I am only a clear warner.'
When thy Lord said to the angels, 'See, I am creating a mortal of a clay. When I
have shaped him, and breathed My spirit in him, fall you down, bowing before
him!' Then the angels bowed themselves all together, save Iblis; he waxed proud,
and was one of the unbelievers.
38:75 Said He, 'Iblis, what prevented thee to bow thyself before that I created with
My own hands? Hast thou waxed proud, or art thou of the lofty ones?' Said he, 'I
am better than he; Thou createdst me of fire, and him Thou createdst of clay.'
Said He, 'Then go thou forth hence; thou art accursed. Upon thee shall rest My
curse, till the Day of Doom.'
38:80 Said he, 'My Lord, respite me till the day they shall be raised.'
Said He, 'Thou art among the ones that are respited until the day of the known
time.' Said he, 'Now, by Thy glory, I shall pervert them all together, excepting
those Thy servants among them that are sincere.'

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38:85 Said He, 'This is the truth, and the truth I say; I shall assuredly fill Gehenna
with thee, and with whosoever of them follows thee, all together.'
Say: 'I ask of you no wage for it, neither am I of those who take things upon
themselves. It is nothing but a reminder unto all beings, and you shall surely know
its tiding after a while.'
XXXIX

THE COMPANIES

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


39:1 The sending down of the Book is from God the All-mighty, the All-wise.
We have sent down to thee the Book with the truth; so worship God, making thy
religion His sincerely. Belongs not sincere religion to God? And those who take
protectors, apart from Him -- 'We only serve them that they may bring us nigh in
nearness to God' -- surely God shall judge between them touching that whereon
they are at variance.
39:5 Surely God guides not him who is a liar, unthankful. Had God desired to take
to Him a son, He would have chosen whatever He willed of that He has created.
Glory be to Him! He is God, the One, the Omnipotent.
He created the heavens and the earth in truth, wrapping night about the day, and
wrapping the day about the night; and He has subjected the sun and the moon,
each of them running to a stated term. Is not He the All-mighty, the All-forgiving?
He created you of a single soul, then from it He appointed its mate; and He sent
down to you of the cattle eight couples. He creates you in your mothers' wombs
creation after creation in threefold shadows.
That then is God, your Lord; to Him belongs the Kingdom; there is no god but He;
so how are you turned about?
If you are unthankful, God is independent of you, yet He approves not
unthankfulness in His servants; but if you are thankful, He will approve it in you.
And no soul laden bears the load of another. Then to your Lord shall you return,
and He will tell you what you have been doing.
39:10 He knows the thoughts within the breasts.

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When some affliction visits a man, he calls upon his Lord, turning to him; then
when He confers on him a blessing from Him he forgets that he was calling to
before and sets up compeers to God, to lead astray from His way. Say: 'Enjoy thy
unbelief a little; thou shalt be among the inhabitants of the Fire.' Or is he who is
obedient in the watches of the night, bowing himself and standing, he being afraid
of the world to come and hoping for the mercy of his Lord . . ?
Say: 'Are they equal -- those who know and those who know not?' Only men
possessed of minds remember.
Say: 'My servants who believe, fear your Lord. For those who do good in this
world (recieve ed.) good, and God's earth is wide. Surely the patient will be paid
their wages in full without reckoning.'
Say: 'I have been commanded to serve God making my religion His sincerely;
and I have been commanded to be the first of those that surrender.'
39:15 Say: 'Truly I fear, if I should rebel against my Lord, the chastisement of a
dreadful day.' Say: 'God I serve, making my religion His sincerely; so serve what
you will apart from Him.' Say: 'Surely the losers are they who lose themselves
and their families on the Day of Resurrection; is not that the manifest loss? Above
them they shall have overshadowings of the Fire, and underneath them
overshadowings; that it is wherewith God frightens His servants: "O My servants,
so fear you Me!"'
Those who eschew the serving of idols and turn penitent to God, for them is good
tidings! So give thou good tidings to My servants who give ear to the Word and
follow the fairest of it. Those are they whom God has guided; those -- they are
men possessed of minds.
39:20 He against whom the word of chastisement is realized -- shalt thou deliver
him out of the Fire?
But those who fear their Lord -- for them await lofty chambers, above which are
built lofty chambers, underneath which rivers flow -- God's promise; God fails not
the tryst.
Hast thou not seen how that God has sent down out of heaven water and
threaded it as springs in the earth, then He brings forth therewith crops of diverse
hues, then they wither, and thou seest them turning yellow, then He makes them
broken orts? Surely in that is a reminder for men possessed of minds.

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Is he whose breast God has expanded unto Islam, so he walks in a light from his
Lord . . .? But woe to those whose hearts are hardened against the remembrance
of God! Those are in manifest error.
God has sent down the fairest discourse as a Book, consimilar in its oft-repeated,
whereat shiver the skins of those who fear their Lord; then their skins and their
hearts soften to the remembrance of God. That is God's guidance, whereby. He
guides whomsoever He will; and whomsoever God leads astray, no guide has he.
39:25 Is he who guards himself with his face against the evil of the chastisement
on the Day of Resurrection . . .? And it is said to the evildoers, 'Taste now that you
were earning!'
Those that were before them cried lies, then the chastisement came upon them
from whence they were not aware; so God let them taste degradation in this
present life; and the chastisement of the world to come is assuredly greater, did
they but know.
Indeed We have struck for the people in this Koran every manner of similitude;
haply they will remember; an Arabic Koran, wherein there is no crookedness;
haply they will be godfearing.
God has struck a similitude -- a man in whom partners disagreeing share, and a
man the property of one man. Are the two equal in likeness? Praise belongs to
God! Nay, but most of them do not know.
Thou art mortal, and they are mortal; then on the Day of Resurrection before your
Lord you shall dispute.
39:35 But who does greater evil than he who lies against God and cries lies to the
very truth, when it comes to him? Is there not in Gehenna a lodging for the
unbelievers? And he who has come with the very truth and confirms it, those they
are the godfearing. They shall have whatsoever they will with their Lord; that is
the recompense of the good-doers, that God may acquit them of the worst of
what they did, and recompense them with the wages of the fairest of what they
were doing. Shall not God suffice His servant, though they frighten thee with
those apart from Him? And whomsoever God leads astray, no guide has he. But
whomso God guides, none shall lead him astray; is not God All-mighty, Allvengeful?
39:40 If thou askest them, 'Who created the heavens and the earth?' they will say,
'God.' Say: 'What think you? That you call upon apart from God -- if God desires

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affliction for me, shall they remove His affliction? Or if He desires mercy for me,
shall they withhold His mercy?' Say: 'God is enough for me; in Him all those put
their trust who put their trust.' Say: 'My people, act according to your station; I am
acting; and soon you will know to whom will come a chastisement degrading him,
and upon whom lights a lasting chastisement.'
Surely We have sent down upon thee the Book for mankind with the truth.
Whosoever is guided, is only guided to his own gain, and whosoever goes astray,
it is only to his own loss; thou art not a guardian over them.
God takes the souls at the time of their death, and that which has not died, in its
sleep; He withholds that against which He has decreed death, but looses the
other till a stated term. Surely in that are signs for a people who reflect. Or have
they taken intercessors apart from God?
Say: 'What, even though they have no power whatever and no understanding?'
39:45

Say:
'To
God
belongs
intercession
His is the kingdom of the heavens and
then unto Him you will be returned.'

altogether.
the earth;

When God is mentioned alone, then shudder the hearts of those who believe not
in the Hereafter, but when those apart from Him are mentioned behold, they
rejoice. Say: 'O God, Thou originator of the heavens and the earth who knowest
the Unseen and the Visible, Thou shalt judge between Thy servants touching that
whereon they are at variance.'
If the evildoers possessed all that is in the earth, and the like of it with it, they
would offer it to ransom themselves from the evil of the chastisement on the Day
of Resurrection; yet there would appear to them from God that they never
reckoned with, and there would appear to them the evils of that they have earned,
and they would be encompassed by that they mocked at.
39:50 When some affliction visits a man, he calls unto Us; then, when We confer
on him a blessing from Us, he says, 'I was given it only because of a knowledge.'
Nay, it is a trial, but most of them do not know it.
So said those that were before them; but that they earned did not avail them, in
that the evils of that they earned smote them. The evildoers of these men, they
too shall be smitten by the evils -- of that they earned; they will not be able to
frustrate it.

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Do they know that God outspreads and straitens His provision to whomsoever He
will? Surely in that are signs for a people who believe.
Say: 'O my people who have been prodigal against yourselves, do not despair of
God's mercy; surely God forgives sins altogether; surely He is the All-forgiving,
the All-compassionate.
39:55 Turn unto your Lord and surrender to Him, ere the chastisement comes
upon you, then you will not be helped. And follow the fairest of what has been
sent down to you from your Lord, ere the chastisement comes upon you suddenly
while you are unaware. Lest any soul should say, 'Alas for me, in that I neglected
my duty to God, and was a scoffer,' or lest it should say, 'If only God had guided
me, I should have been or lest among the godfearing,' it should say, when it sees
the chastisement, 'O that I might return again, and be among the good-doers.'
39:60 'Yes indeed! My signs did come to thee, but thou hast cried them lies, and
thou hast waxed proud, and become one of the unbelievers.'
And upon the Day of Resurrection thou shalt see those who lied against God,
their faces blackened; is there not in Gehenna a lodging for those that are proud?
But God shall deliver those that were godfearing in their security; evil shall not
visit them, neither shall they sorrow.
God is the Creator of every thing; He is Guardian over every thing; unto Him
belong the keys of the heavens and the earth. And those who disbelieve in the
signs of God, those they are the losers.
39:65 Say: 'Is it other than God you bid me serve, you ignorant ones?' It has been
revealed to thee, and to those before thee, 'If thou associatest other gods with
God, thy work shall surely fail and thou wilt be among the losers.'
Nay, but God do thou serve; and be thou among the thankful.
They measure not God with His true measure. The earth altogether shall be His
handful on the Day of Resurrection, and the heavens shall be rolled up in His
right hand. Glory be to Him! High be He exalted above that they associate!
For the Trumpet shall be blown, and whosoever is in the heavens and whosoever
is in the earth shall swoon, save whom God wills. Then it shall be blown again,
and lo, they shall stand, beholding.

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And the earth shall shine with the light of its Lord, and the Book shall be set in
place, and the Prophets and witnesses shall be brought, and justly the issue be
decided between them, and they not wronged.
39:70 Every soul shall be paid in full for what it has wrought; and He knows very
well what they do. Then the unbelievers shall be driven in companies into
Gehenna till, when they have come thither, then its gates will be opened and its
keepers will say to them, 'Did not Messengers come to you from among
yourselves, reciting to you the signs of your Lord and warning you against the
encounter of this your day?' They shall say, 'Yes indeed; but the word of the
chastisement has been realized against the unbelievers.'
It shall be said, 'Enter the gates of Gehenna, to dwell therein forever.' How evil is
the lodging of those that are proud! Then those that feared their Lord shall be
driven in companies into Paradise, till, when they have come thither, and its gates
are opened, and its keepers will say to them, 'Peace be upon you! Well you have
fared; enter in, to dwell forever.' And they shall say, 'Praise belongs to God, who
has been true in His promise to us, and has bequeathed upon us the earth, for us
to make our dwelling wheresoever we will in Paradise.' How excellent is the wage
of those that labour!
39:75 And thou shalt see the angels encircling about the Throne proclaiming the
praise of their Lord; and justly the issue shall be decided between them; and it
shall be said, 'Praise belongs to God, the Lord of all Being.'
XL

THE BELIEVERS

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


40:1 Ha Mim
The sending down of the Book is from God the All-mighty, the All-knowing,
Forgiver of sins, Accepter of penitence, Terrible in retribution, the Bountiful; there
is no god but He, and unto Him is the homecoming.
None but the unbelievers dispute concerning the signs of God; so let not their
going to and fro in the land delude thee. The people of Noah before them also
cried lies, and the parties after them; every nation purposed against their
Messenger to seize him, and disputed with falsehood that they might rebut
thereby the truth.

304

Then I seized them; and how was My retribution! Even so the Word of thy Lord
was realised against the unbelievers, that they are the inhabitants of the Fire.
Those who bear the Throne, and those round about it proclaim the praise of their
Lord, and believe in Him, and they ask forgiveness for those who believe: 'Our
Lord, Thou embracest every thing in mercy and knowledge; therefore forgive
those who have repented, and follow Thy way, and guard them against the
chastisement of Hell.
Our Lord, and admit them to the Gardens of Eden that Thou hast promised them
and those who were righteous of their fathers, and their wives, and their seed;
surely Thou art the All-mighty, the All-wise.
And guard them against evil deeds; whomsoever Thou guardest against evil
deeds on that day, on him Thou hast had mercy; and that is indeed the mighty
triumph.
40:10 It shall be proclaimed to the unbelievers, 'Surely God's hatred is greater
than your hatred one of another, when you were called unto belief, and
disbelieved.' They shall say, 'Our Lord, Thou hast caused us to die two deaths
and Thou hast given us twice to live; now we confess our sins. Is there any way
to go forth?'
That is because, when God was called to alone, you disbelieved; but if others are
associated with Him, then you believe. Judgment belongs to God, the All-high, the
All-great.
It is He who shows you His signs and sends down to you out of heaven provision;
yet none remembers but he who repents. So call unto God, making your religion
His sincerely, though the unbelievers be averse.
40:15 Exalter of ranks is He, Possessor of the Throne, casting the Spirit of His
bidding upon whomever He will of His servants, that he may warn them of the
Day of Encounter, the day they sally forth, and naught of theirs is hidden from
God.
'Whose is' the Kingdom today?' 'God's, the One, the Omnipotent. Today each soul
shall be recompensed for that it has earned; no wrong today.
Surely God is swift at the reckoning.'

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And warn them against the Day of the Imminent when, choking with anguish, the
hearts are in the throats and the evildoers have not one loyal friend, no
intercessor to be heeded.
40:20 He knows the treachery of the eyes and what the breasts conceal.
God shall decide justly, and those they call on, apart from Him, shall not decide
by any means. surely God is the All-hearing, the All-seeing.
What, have they not journeyed in the land and beheld how was the end of those
before them? They were stronger than themselves in might and left firmer traces
in the earth; yet God seized them in their sins, and they had none to defend them
from God.
That was because their Messengers came to them with the clear signs; but they
disbelieved, so God seized them. Surely He is All-strong, terrible in retribution.
40:25 We also sent Moses with Our signs and a clear authority, to Pharaoh,
Haman and Korah; they said, 'A lying sorcerer!'
And when he brought them the truth from Us, they said, 'Slay the sons of those
who believe with him, and spare their women.' But the guile of the unbelievers is
ever in error.
And Pharaoh said, 'Let me slay Moses, and let him call to his Lord. I fear that he
may change, your religion, or that he may cause corruption to appear in the land.'
And Moses said, 'I take refuge in my Lord and your Lord from every man who is
proud, and believes not in the Day of Reckoning.' Then said a certain man, a
believer 'of Pharaoh's folk that kept hidden his belief, 'What, will you slay a man
because he says, "My Lord is God," yet he has brought you the clear signs from
your Lord? If he is a liar, his lying is upon his own head; but if he is truthful,
somewhat of that he promises you will smite you. Surely God guides not him who
is prodigal and a liar.
40:30 O my people, today the kingdom is yours, who are masters in the land. But
who will help us, against the might of God, if it comes upon us?'
Said Pharaoh, 'I only let you see what I see; I only guide you in the way of
rectitude.' Then said he who believed, 'My people, truly I fear for you the like of
the day of the parties, the like of the case of Noah's people, Ad, Thamood, and
those after them; and God desires not wrong for His servants.' O my people, I

306

fear for you the Day of Invocation, the day you turn about, retreating, having none
to defend you from God; and whomsoever God leads astray, no guide has he.
Joseph brought you the clear signs before, yet you continued in doubt concerning
that he brought you until, when he perished, you said, "God will never send forth
a Messenger after him." Even, so God leads astray the prodigal and the doubter.'
(Those who dispute concerning the signs of God, without any authority come to
them, very hateful is that in the sight of God and the believers; 'so God sets a
seal on every heart proud', arrogant.)
Pharaoh said, 'Haman, build for me a tower, that haply so I may reach the cords,
the cords of the heavens, and look upon Moses' God; for I think that he is a liar.'
40:40 So the evil of his deeds was decked out fair to Pharaoh, and he was barred
from the way, and Pharaoh's guile came only to ruin.
Then said he who believed, 'My people, follow me, and I will guide you in the way
of rectitude. O my people, surely this present life is but a passing enjoyment;
surely the world to come is the abode of stability.
Whosoever does an evil deed shall be recompensed only with the like of it, but
whosoever does a righteous deed, be it male or female, believing -- those shall
enter Paradise, therein provided without reckoning.
O my people, how is it with me, that I call you to salvation, and you call me to the
Fire?
40:45 You call me to disbelieve in God, and to associate with Him that whereof I
have no knowledge, while I call you to the All-mighty, the All-forgiving.
No doubt that what you call me to has no call heard, in this world or in the world
to come, that to God we return, and that the prodigal are the inhabitants of the
Fire. You will remember what I say to you. I commit my affair to God; surely God
sees His servants.'
So God guarded him against the evil things of their devising, and there
encompassed the folk of Pharaoh the evil chastisement, the Fire, to which they
shall be exposed morning and evening; and on the day when the Hour is come:
'Admit the folk of Pharaoh into the most terrible chastisement!'

307

40:50 And when they argue one with the other in the Fire, and the weak say unto
those who waxed proud, 'Why, we were your followers; will you avail us now
against any part of the Fire?' Then those who waxed proud shall say, 'Every one
of us is in it; indeed, God already has passed judgment between His servants.'
And those who are in the Fire will say to the keepers of Gehenna, 'Call on your
Lord, to lighten for us one day of the chastisement!'
They shall say, 'Did not your Messengers bring you the clear signs?'
They shall say, 'Yes indeed.' They shall say, 'Then do you call!' But the calling of
the unbelievers is only in error.
40:55 Surely We shall help Our Messengers and those who have believed, in the
present life, and upon the day when the witnesses arise, upon the day when their
excuses shall not profit the evildoers, and theirs shall be the curse, and theirs the
evil abode.
We also gave Moses the guidance, and We bequeathed upon the Children of
Israel the Book for a guidance and for a reminder to men possessed of minds. So
be thou patient; surely God's promise is true. And ask forgiveness for thy sin, and
proclaim the praise of thy Lord at evening and dawn.
Those who dispute concerning the signs of God, without any authority come to
them, in their breasts is only pride, that they shall never attain. So seek thou
refuge in God; surely He is the All-hearing, the All-seeing.
Certainly the creation of the heavens and earth is greater than the creation of
men; but most men know it not.
40:60 Not equal are the blind and the seeing man, those who believe and do
deeds of righteousness, and the wrong-doer. Little do you reflect. The Hour is
coming, no doubt of it, but most men do not believe.
Your Lord has said, 'Call upon Me and I will answer you. Surely those who wax
too proud to do Me service shall enter Gehenna utterly abject.'
It is God who made for you the night, to repose in it, and the day, to see. Surely
God is bountiful to men, but most men are not thankful. That then is God, your
Lord, the Creator of everything; there is no god but He. How then are you
perverted? Even so perverted are they who deny the signs of God.

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40:65 It is God who made for you the earth a fixed place and heaven for an
edifice; And He shaped you, and shaped you well, and provided you with the
good things. That then is God, your Lord, so blessed be God, the Lord of all
Being.
He is the Living One; there is no god but He. So call upon Him, making your
religion His sincerely. Praise belongs to God, the Lord of all Being.
Say: 'I am forbidden to serve those you call on apart from God once the clear
signs came to me from my Lord; and I am commanded to surrender to the Lord of
All Being.'
It is He who created you of dust then of a sperm-drop, then of a blood-clot, then
He delivers you as infants, then that you may come of age, then that you may be
old men -- though some of you there are who die before it -- and that you may
reach a stated term; haply you will understand.
40:70 It is He who gives life, and makes to die; and when He decrees a thing, He
but says to it 'Be,' and it is.
Hast thou not regarded those who dispute concerning the signs of God, how they
are turned about? Thost who cry lies to the Book and that wherewith We sent Our
Messengers -- soon they will know!
When the fetters and chains are on their necks, and they are dragged into the
boiling water, then into the Fire they are poured; then it is said to them, 'Where
are those you associated, apart from God?' They shall say, 'They have gone
astray from us; nay, but it was nothing at all that we called upon aforetime.'
Even so God leads astray the unbelievers.
40:75 'That is because you rejoiced in the earth without right, and were exultant.
Enter the gates of Gehenna, to dwell therein forever.' How evil is the lodging of
those that are proud!
So be thou patient; surely God's promise is true. Whether We show thee a part of
that We promise them, or We call thee unto Us, to Us they shall be returned.
We sent Messengers before thee; of some We have related to thee, and some
We have not related to thee. It was not for any Messenger to bring a sign, save
by God's leave. When God's command comes, justly the issue shall be decided;
then the vain-doers shall be lost.

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40:80 It is God who appointed for you the cattle, some of them to ride and of
some you eat; other uses also you have in them; and that on them you may attain
a need in your breasts, and upon them and on the ships you are carried. And He
shows you His signs; then which of God's signs do you reject?
What, have they not journeyed in the land and beheld how was the end of those
before them? They were stronger than themselves in might and left firmer traces
in the earth; yet that they earned did not avail them. So, when their Messengers
brought them the clear signs, they rejoiced in what knowledge they had, and were
encompassed by that they mocked at.
Then, when they saw Our might, they said, 'We believe in God alone, and we
disbelieve in that we were associating with Him.'
40:85 But their belief when they saw Our might did not profit them -- the wont of
God, as in the past, touching His servants; then the unbelievers shall be lost.
XLI

DISTINGUISHED

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


41:1 Ha Mim
A sending down from the Merciful; the Compassionate. A Book whose signs have
been distinguished as an Arabic Koran for a people having knowledge, good
tidings to bear, and warning, but most of them have turned away, and do not give
ear. They say, 'Our hearts are veiled from what thou callest us to, and in our ears
is a heaviness, and between us and thee there is a veil; so act; we are acting!'
41:5 Say: 'I am only a mortal, like you are. To me it has been revealed that your
God is One God; so go straight with Him, and ask for His forgiveness; and woe to
the idolaters who pay not the alms, and disbelieve in the world to come. Surely
those who believe, and do righteous deeds shall have a wage unfailing.'
Say: 'What, do you disbelieve in Him who created the earth in two days, and do
you set up compeers to Him? That is the Lord of all Being.
'And He set therein firm mountains over it, and He blessed it, and He ordained
therein its diverse sustenance in four days, equal to those who ask.'

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41:10 Then He lifted Himself to heaven when it was smoke, and said to it and to
the earth, "Come willingly, or unwillingly!" They said, "We come willingly." So He
determined them as seven heavens in two days, and revealed its commandment
in every heaven.'
And We adorned the lower heaven with lamps, and to reserve; that is the
ordaining of the All-mighty, the All-knowing. But if they turn away, then say, 'I warn
you of a thunderbolt like to the thunderbolt of Ad and Thamood.'
When the Messengers came unto them from before them and from behind them,
saying, 'Serve none but God,' they said, 'Had our Lord willed, surely He would
have sent down angels; so we disbelieve in the Message you were sent with.'
As for Ad, they waxed proud in the earth without right, and they said, 'Who is
stronger than we in might?' What, did they not see that God, who created them,
was stronger than they in might? And they denied Our signs.
41:15 Then We loosed against them a wind clamorous in days of ill fortune, that
We might let them taste the chastisement of degradation in the present life; and
the chastisement of the world to come is even more degrading, and they shall not
be helped.
As for Thamood, We guided them, but they preferred blindness above guidance,
so the thunderbolt of the chastisement of humiliation seized them for that they
were earning. And We delivered those who believed and were godfearing.
Upon the day when God's enemies are mustered to the Fire, duly disposed, till
when they are come to it, their hearing, their eyes and their skins bear witness
against them concerning what they have been doing,
41:20 and they will say to their skins, 'Why bore you witness against us?' They
shall say, 'God gave us speech, as He gave everything speech. He created you
the first time, and unto Him you shall be returned. Not so did you cover
yourselves, that your hearing, your eyes and your skins should not bear witness
against you; but you thought that God would never know much of the things that
you were working.
That then, the thought you thought about your Lord, has destroyed you, and
therefore you find yourselves this morning among the losers.'
Then if they persist, the Fire shall be a lodging for them; and if they ask amends
yet no amends shall be made to them. We have allotted them comrades, and

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they have decked out fair to them that which is before them and behind them. So
against them has been realized the Word concerning nations that passed away
before them, men and jinn alike; surely they were losers.
41:25 The unbelievers say, 'Do not give ear to this Koran, and talk idly about it;
haply you will overcome. So We shall let the unbelievers taste a terrible
chastisement, and shall recompense them with the worst of what they were
working. That is the recompense of God's enemies -- the Fire, wherein they shall
have the Abode of Eternity as a recompense, for that they denied Our signs.
And the unbelievers shall say, 'Our Lord, show us those that led us astray, both
jinn and men, and we shall set them underneath our feet, that they may be
among the lower ones.
41:30 Those who have said, 'Our Lord is God.' then have gone straight, upon
them the angels descend, saying,
'Fear not, neither sorrow; rejoice in Paradise that you were promised. We are
your friends in the present life and in the world to come; therein you shall have all
that your souls desire, all that you call for, as hospitality from One All-forgiving,
One All-compassionate.'
And who speaks fairer than he who calls unto God and does righteousness and
says, 'Surely I am of them that surrender'?
Not equal are the good deed and the evil deed. Repel with that which is fairer and
behold, he between whom and thee there is enmity shall be as if he were a loyal
friend.
41:35 Yet none shall receive it, except the steadfast; none shall receive it, except
a man of mighty fortune.
If a provocation from Satan should provoke thee, seek refuge in God; He is the
All-hearing, the All-knowing.
And of His signs are the night and the day, the sun and the moon.
Bow not yourselves to the sun and moon, but bow yourselves to God who created
them, if Him you serve. And if they wax proud, yet those who are with thy Lord do
glorify Him by night and day, and grow not weary.

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And of His signs is that thou seest the earth humble; then, when We send down
water upon it, it quivers, and swells. Surely He who quickens it is He who
quickens the dead; surely He is powerful over everything.
41:40 Those who blaspheme Our signs are not hidden from Us. What, is he who
shall be cast into the Fire better, or he who comes on the Day of Resurrection in
security? Do what you will; surely He sees the things you do.
Those who disbelieve in the Remembrance when it comes to them -- and surely it
is a Book Sublime; falsehood comes not to it from before it nor from behind it; a
sending down from One All-wise, All-laudable. Naught is said to thee but what
already was said to the Messengers before thee. Surely thy Lord is a Lord of
forgiveness and of painful retribution. If We had made it a barbarous Koran, they
would have said, 'Why are its signs not distinguished? What, barbarous and
Arabic?' Say: 'To the believers it is a guidance, and a healing; but those who
believe not, in their ears is a heaviness, and to them it is a blindness; those -they are called from a far place.'
41:45 And We gave Moses the Book; and there was difference concerning it, and
but for a Word that preceded from thy Lord, it had been decided between them;
and they are in doubt of it disquieting.
Whoso does righteousness, it is to his own gain, and whoso does evil, it is to his
own loss. Thy Lord wrongs not His servants. To Him is referred the knowledge of
the Hour. Not a fruit comes forth from its sheath, no female bears or brings forth,
save with His knowledge.
Upon the day when He shall call to them, 'Where now are My associates?' they
shall say, 'We proclaim to Thee, there is not a witness among us.
Then that they called upon before will go astray from them and they will think that
they have no asylum.
Man wearies not of praying for good; but when evil visits him, then he is cast
down and desperate.
41:50 And if We let him taste mercy from Us after hardship that has visited him,
he surely says, 'This is mine; I think not the Hour is coming. If I am returned to my
Lord, surely the reward most fair with Him will be mine.' Then We shall tell the
unbelievers the things they have done, and assuredly We shall let them taste a
harsh chastisement.

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And when We bless man, he turns away and withdraws aside; but when evil visits
him, he is full of endless prayers.
Say: 'What think you? If it is from God, then you disbelieve in it, who is further
astray than he who is in wide schism?'
We shall show them Our signs in the horizons and in themselves, till it is clear to
them that it is the truth. Suffices it not as to thy Lord, that He is witness over
everything?
Are they not in doubt touching the encounter with their Lord? Does He not
encompass everything?
XLII

COUNSEL

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


42:1 Ha Mim
Ain Sin Qaf
So reveals to thee, and to those before thee, God, the All-mighty, the All-wise. To
Him belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth; and He
is the All-high, the All-glorious.
The heavens wellnigh are rent above them, when the angels proclaim the praise
of their Lord, and ask forgiveness for those on earth. Surely God -- He is the Allforgiving, the All-compassionate.
And those who have taken to them protectors apart from Him -- God is Warden
over them; thou art not a guardian over them.
42:5 And so We have revealed to thee an Arabic Koran, that thou mayest warn
the Mother of Cities and those who dwell about it, and that thou mayest warn of
the Day of Gathering, wherein is no doubt -- a party in Paradise, and a party in
the Blaze.
If God had willed, He would have made them one nation; but He admits
whomsoever He will into His mercy, and the evildoers shall have neither protector
nor helper.

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Or have they taken to them protectors apart from Him? But God -- He is the
Protector; He quickens the dead, and He is powerful over everything.
And whatever you are at variance on, the judgment thereof belongs to God. That
then is God, my Lord; in Him I have put my trust, and to Him I turn, penitent.
The Originator of the heavens and the earth; He has appointed for you, of
yourselves, pairs, and pairs also of the cattle, therein multiplying you. Like Him
there is naught; He is the All-hearing, the All-seeing.
42:10 To Him belong the keys of the heavens and the earth. He outspreads and
straitens His provision to whom He will; surely He has knowledge of everything.
He has laid down for you as religion that He charged Noah with, and that We
have revealed to thee, and that We charged Abraham with, Moses and Jesus:
'Perform the religion, and scatter not regarding it. Very hateful is that for the
idolaters, that thou callest them to. God chooses unto Himself whomsoever He
will, and He guides to Himself whosoever turns, penitent.
They scattered not, save after knowledge had come to them, being insolent one
to another; and but for a Word that preceded from thy Lord until a stated term, it
had been decided between them. But those to whom the Book has been given as
an inheritance after them, behold, they are in doubt of it disquieting.
Therefore call thou, and go straight as thou hast been commanded; do not follow
their caprices. And say: 'I believe in whatever Book God has sent down; I have
been commanded to be just between you. God is our Lord and your Lord. We
have our deeds, and you have your deeds; there is no argument between us and
you; God shall bring us together, and unto Him is the homecoming.'
42:15 And those who argue concerning God after that answer has been made to
Him, their argument is null and void in the sight of their Lord; anger shall rest
upon them, and there awaits them a terrible chastisement. God it is who has sent
down the Book with the truth, and also the Balance. And what shall make thee
know? Haply the Hour is nigh. Those that believe not therein seek to hasten it;
but those who believe in it go in fear of it, knowing that it is the truth. Why, surely
those who are in doubt concerning the Hour are indeed in far error.
God is All-gentle to His servants, providing for whomsoever He will. He is the Allstrong, the All-mighty.

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Whoso desires the tillage of the world to come, We shall give him increase in his
tillage; and whoso desires the tillage of this world, We shall give him of it, but in
the world to come he will have no share.
42:20 Or have they associates who have laid down for them as religion that for
which God gave not leave? But for the Word of Decision, it had been decided
between them. For the evildoers there awaits a painful chastisement.
Thou seest the evildoers going in fear of that they have earned, that is about to
fall on them; but those who believe and do righteous deeds are in Meadows of
the Gardens; whatsoever they will they shall have with their Lord; that is the great
bounty.
That is the good tidings God gives to His servants who believe and do righteous
deeds. Say: 'I do not ask of you a wage for this, except love for the kinsfolk; and
whosoever gains a good deed, We shall give him increase of good in respect of it.
Surely God is All-forgiving, All-thankful.
Or do they say, 'He has forged against God a lie?' But if God wills, He will set a
seal on thy heart; and God blots out falsehood and verifies the truth by His words;
He knows the thoughts within the breasts. It is He who accepts repentance from
His servants, and pardons evil deeds; He knows the things you do.
42:25 And He answers those who believe and do righteous deeds, and He gives
them increase of His bounty. And the unbelievers -- for them awaits a terrible
chastisement. Had God expanded His provision to His servants, they would have
been insolent in the earth; but He sends down in measure whatsoever He will;
surely He is aware of and sees His servants.
And it is He who sends down the rain after they have despaired, and He unfolds
His mercy; He is the Protector, the All-laudable.
And of His signs is the creation of the heavens and earth and the crawling things
He has scattered abroad in them; and He is able to gather them whenever He
will.
Whatever affliction may visit you is for what your own hands have earned; and He
pardons much.
42:30 You are not able to frustrate Him in the earth; and, apart from God, you
have neither protector nor helper.

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And of His signs are the ships that run on the sea like landmarks; and if He wills,
He stills the wind, and they remain motionless on its back. Surely in that are signs
for every man enduring, thankful. Or He wrecks them for what they have earned;
and He pardons much; and that those who dispute concerning Our signs may
know they have no asylum.
Whatever thing you have been given is the enjoyment of the present life; but what
is with God is better and more enduring for those who believe and put their trust
in their Lord.
42:35 And those who avoid the heinous sins and indecencies and when they are
angry forgive, and those who answer their Lord, and perform the prayer, their
affair being counsel between them, and they expend of that We have provided
them, and who, when insolence visits them, do help themselves -- and the
recompense of evil is evil the like of it; but whoso pardons and puts things right,
his wage falls upon God; surely He loves not the evildoers. And whosoever helps
himself after he has been wronged -- against them there is no way.
42:40 The way is only open against those who do wrong to the people, and are
insolent in the earth wrongfully; there awaits them a painful chastisement. But
surely he who bears patiently and is forgiving -- surely that is true constancy.
Whomsoever God leads astray, he has no protector after him; and thou shalt see
the evildoers, when they see the chastisement, saying, 'Is there any way to be
sent back?'
And thou shalt see them, as they are exposed to it, abject in humbleness, looking
with furtive glance; and the believers shall say, 'Surely the losers are they who
lose themselves and their families on the Day of Resurrection; surely the
evildoers are in lasting chastisement.
42:45 They have no protectors to help them, apart from God, and whomsoever
God leads astray, no way has he.'
Answer your Lord, before there comes a day from God that cannot be turned
back; upon that day you shall have no shelter, no denial. But if they turn away,
We sent thee not to be a guardian over them. It is for thee only to deliver the
Message.
And when We let man taste mercy from Us, he rejoices in it; but if some evil
befalls him for that his own hands have forwarded, then surely man is unthankful.

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To God belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth; He creates what He
will; He gives to whom He will females, and He gives to whom He will males or
He couples them, both males and females; and He makes whom He will barren.
Surely He is All-knowing, All-powerful.
42:50 It belongs not to any mortal that God should speak to him, except by
revelation, or from behind a veil, or that He should send a messenger and he
reveal whatsoever He will, by His leave; surely He is All-high, All-wise.
Even so We have revealed to thee a Spirit of Our bidding. Thou knewest not what
the Book was, nor belief; but We made it a light, whereby We guide whom We will
of Our servants. And thou, surely thou shalt guide unto a straight path -- the path
of God, to whom belongs whatsoever is in the heavens, and whatsoever is in the
earth. Surely unto God all things come home.
XLIII

ORNAMENTS

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


43:1 Ha Mim
By the Clear Book, behold, We have made it an Arabic Koran; haply you will
understand; and behold, it is in the Essence of the Book, with Us; sublime indeed,
wise. Shall We turn away the Remembrance from you, for that you are a prodigal
people?
43:5 How many a Prophet We sent among the ancients, but not a Prophet came
to them, without they mocked at him; so We destroyed men stronger in valour
than they, and the example of the ancients passed away.
If thou askest them, 'Who created the heavens and earth?' they will say, 'The Allmighty, the All-knowing created them.' He who appointed the earth to be a cradle
for you, and appointed ways for you therein, that haply you may be guided;
43:10 and who sent down out of heaven water in measure; and We revived
thereby a land that was dead; even so you shall be brought forth; and who
created the pairs, all of them, and appointed for you ships and cattle such as you
ride, that you may be seated on their backs and then remember your Lord's
blessing when you are seated on them, and say, 'Glory be to Him, who has

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subjected this to us, and we ourselves were not equal to it; surely unto our Lord
we are turning.'
Yet they have assigned to Him a part of His own servants! Man is dearly
unthankful.
43:15 Or has He taken to Himself, from that He creates, daughters, and favoured
you with sons? And when any of them is given the good tidings of that he has
likened to the All-merciful, his face is darkened, and he chokes inwardly. What,
one who is reared amid ornaments and, when the time of altercation comes, is
not to be seen? And they have made the angels, who are themselves servants of
the All-merciful, females. What, did they witness their creation? Their witness
shall be written down, and they shall be questioned.
They say, 'Had the All-merciful so willed, we would not have served them.' They
have no knowledge of that; they are only conjecturing.
43:20 Or did We bring them a Book aforetime to which they hold? Nay, but they
say, 'We found our fathers upon a community, and we are guided upon their
traces.' Even so We sent never before thee any warner into any city, except that
its men who lived at ease said, 'We indeed found our fathers upon a community,
and we are following upon their traces.'
Say: 'What, though I should bring you a better guidance than you found your
fathers upon?' They say, 'We disbelieve in that you were sent with.' So We took
vengeance upon them; and behold how was the end of them that cried lies.
43:25 And when Abraham said to his father and his people, 'Surely I am quit of
that you serve, except Him who originated me; and He will guide me. And he
made it a word enduring among his posterity; haply so they would return.
Nay, but I gave these and their fathers enjoyment of days, until the truth came
unto them, and a manifest Messenger. And when the truth came to them, they
said, 'This is a sorcery, and in it we are unbelievers.'
43:30 They say, 'Why was this Koran not sent down upon some man of moment
in the two cities?' What, is it they who divide the mercy of the Lord? We have
divided between them their livelihood in the present life, and raised some of them
above others in rank, that some of them may take others in servitude; and the
mercy of thy Lord is better than that they amass.

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And were it not that mankind would be one nation, We would have appointed for
those who disbelieve in the All-merciful roofs of silver to their houses, and stairs
whereon to mount, and doors to their houses, and couches whereon to recline,
and ornaments; surely all this is but the enjoyment of the present life, and the
world to come with thy Lord is for the godfearing.
43:35 Whoso blinds himself to the Remembrance of the All-merciful, to him We
assign a Satan for comrade; and they bar them from the way, and they think they
are guided, till, when he comes to Us, he says, 'Would there had been between
me and thee the distance of the two Easts!'
An evil comrade! It shall not profit you today, since you did evil, that you are
partners in the chastisement.
43:40 What, shalt thou make the deaf to hear, or shalt thou guide the blind and
him who is in manifest error? Whether We take thee away, We shall take
vengeance upon them, or We show thee a part of that We promised them, surely
We have power over them. So hold thou fast unto that which has been revealed
unto thee; surely thou art upon a straight path. Surely it is a Reminder to thee and
to thy people; and assuredly you will be questioned. Ask those of Our
Messengers We sent before thee: Have We appointed, apart from the Allmerciful, gods to be served?
43:45 We also sent Moses with Our signs to Pharaoh and his Council, and he
said, 'Surely, I am the Messenger of the Lord of all Being.'
But when he brought them Our signs, lo, they laughed at them. And not a sign We
showed them, but it was greater than its sister sign; and We seized them with
chastisement, that haply they should return. And they said, 'Sorcerer, pray to thy
Lord for us by the covenant He has made with thee, and surely we shall be rightguided.'
But when We removed from them the chastisement, behold, they broke their
troth.
43:50 And Pharaoh proclaimed among his people: 'O my people, do I not possess
the kingdom of Egypt, and these rivers flowing beneath me? What, do you not
see?
Or am I better than this man, who is contemptible and scarcely makes things
clear? Why then have bracelets of gold not been cast on him, or angels not come
with him conjoined?'

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So he made his people unsteady, and they obeyed him; surely they were an
ungodly people.
43:55 So, when they had angered Us, We took vengeance on them, and We
drowned them all together; and We made them a thing past, and We appointed
them for an example to later folk.
And when the son of Mary is cited as an example, behold, thy people turn away
from it and say, 'What, are our gods better, or he?' They cite not him to thee, save
to dispute; nay, but they are a people contentious. He is only a servant We
blessed, and We made him to be an example to the Children of Israel.
43:60 Had We willed, We would have appointed angels among you to be
successors in the earth. It is knowledge of the Hour; doubt not concerning it, and
follow me. This is a straight path. Let not Satan bar you; he is for you a manifest
foe.
And when Jesus came with the clear signs he said, 'I have come to you with
wisdom, and that I may make clear to you some of that whereon you are at
variance; so fear you God and obey you me. Assuredly God is my Lord and your
Lord; therefore serve Him; this is a straight path.'
43:65 But the parties among them fell into variance; so woe unto those who did
evil, because of the chastisement of a painful day. Are they looking for aught but
the Hour, that it shall come upon them suddenly, when they are not aware?
Friends on that day shall be foes to one another, but the god-fearing. 'O My
servants, today no fear is on you, neither do you sorrow' -- even those who
believed in Our signs, and had surrendered themselves
43:70 'Enter Paradise, you and your wives, walking with joy!'
There shall be passed around them platters of gold, and cups,
therein being whatever the souls desire, and the eyes delight in.
'And
therein,
you
shall
dwell
forever.
This is the Paradise that you have been given for an inheritance
for
the
things
that
you
were
doing.
Therein you have abundant fruits, whereof you may eat.'
But the evildoers dwell forever in the chastisement of Gehenna
43:75 that is not abated for them and therein they are sore confounded.
We never wronged them, but they themselves did the wrong.
And they shall call, 'O Malik, let thy Lord have done with us!'

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He
will
say,
'You
will
surely
'We brought you the truth, but most of you were averse to the truth.'

tarry.'

43:80 Or have they contrived some matter? We too are contriving. Or do they
think We hear not their secret and what they conspire together? Yes indeed, and
Our messengers are present with them writing it down.
Say: 'If the All-merciful has a son, then I am the first to serve him. Glory be to the
Lord of the heavens and the earth, the Lord of the Throne, above that they
describe.' Then leave them alone to plunge and play, until they encounter that day
of theirs which they are promised.
And it is He who in heaven is God and in earth is God; He is the All-wise, the Allknowing.
43:85 Glory be to Him, to whom belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the
earth and all that between them is; with Him is the knowledge of the Hour, and to
Him you shall be returned. Those they call upon, apart from Him, have no power
of intercession, save such as have testified to the truth, and that knowingly.
If thou askest them, 'Who created you?' they will say, 'God.' How then are they
perverted?
And for his saying, 'My Lord, surely these are a people who believe not' -- yet
pardon them, and say, 'Peace!' Soon they will know.
XLIV

SMOKE

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


44:1 Ha Mim
By the Clear Book.
We have sent it down in a blessed night (We are ever warning) therein every wise
bidding determined as a bidding from Us, (We are ever sending)
44:5 as a mercy from thy Lord (surely He is the All-hearing, the All-knowing) Lord
of the heavens and earth, and all that between them is if you have faith. There is

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no god but He; He gives life and makes to die; your Lord and the Lord of your
fathers, the ancients.
Nay, but they are in doubt, playing. So be on the watch for a day when heaven
shall bring a manifest smoke
44:10 covering the people; this is a painful chastisement. 'O our Lord, remove
Thou from us the chastisement; we are believers.'
How should they have the Reminder, seeing a clear Messenger already came to
them, then they turned away from him and said, 'A man tutored, possessed!'
'Behold, We are removing the chastisement a little; behold, you revert!'
44:15 Upon the day when We shall assault most mightily, then We shall take Our
vengeance. Already before them We tried the people of Pharaoh, and a noble
Messenger came unto them, saying, 'Deliver to me God's servants; I am for you a
faithful Messenger, and, 'Rise not up against God; behold, I come to you with a
clear authority, and I take refuge in my Lord and your Lord, lest you should stone
me.
44:20 'But if so be that you believe me not, go you apart from me!' And he called
to his Lord, saying, 'These are a sinful people.'
'Then set thou forth with My servants in a watch of the night; surely you will be
followed. And leave the sea becalmed; they are a drowned host.'
44:25 They left how many gardens and fountains, sown fields, and how noble a
station, and what prosperity they had rejoiced in! Even so; and We bequeathed
them upon another people.
Neither heaven nor earth wept for them, nor were they respited; and We delivered
the Children of Israel from the humbling chastisement, from Pharaoh; surely he
was a high One, of the prodigals; and We chose them, out of a knowledge, above
all beings, and gave them signs wherein there was a manifest trial.
These men do say, 'There is nothing but our first death; we shall not be revived.
44:35 Bring us our fathers, if you speak truly!' Are they better, or the people of
Tubba' and those before them whom We destroyed? They were surely sinners.

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We created not the heavens and earth, and all that is between them, in play; We
created them not save in truth; but most of them know it not.
44:40 Surely the Day of Decision shall be their appointed time, all together, the
day a master shall avail nothing a client, and they shall not be helped, save him
upon whom God has mercy; He is the All-mighty, the All-compassionate.
Lo, the Tree of Ez-Zakkoum is the food of the guilty,
44:45 like molten copper, bubbling in the belly as boiling water bubbles. 'Take
him, and thrust him into the midst of Hell, then pour over his head the
chastisement of boiling water!'
'Taste! Surely thou art the mighty, the noble.
44:50 This is that concerning which you were doubting.'
Surely the godfearing shall be in a station secure among gardens and fountains,
robed in silk and brocade, set face to face. Even so; and We shall espouse them
to wide-eyed houris,
44:55 therein calling for every fruit, secure. They shall not taste therein of death,
save the first death, And He shall guard them against the chastisement of Hell -- a
bounty from thy Lord; that is the mighty triumph.
Now We have made it easy by thy tongue, that haply they may remember. So be
on the watch; they too are on the watch.
XLV

HOBBLING

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


45:1 Ha Mim
The sending down of the Book is from God, the All-mighty, the All-wise.
Surely in the heavens and earth there are signs for the believers; and in your
creation, and the crawling things He scatters abroad, there are signs for a people
having sure faith, and in the alternation of night and day, and the provision God

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sends down from heaven, and therewith revives the earth after it is dead, and the
turning about of the winds, there are signs for a people who understand.
Those are the signs of God that We recite to thee in truth; in what manner of
discourse then, after God and His signs, will they believe?
Woe to every guilty impostor who hears the signs of God being recited to him,
then perseveres in waxing proud, as if he has not heard them; so give him the
good tidings of a painful chastisement.
And when he knows anything of Our signs, he takes them in mockery; those for
them awaits a humbling chastisement. Behind them Gehenna; and that they have
earned shall not avail them aught, nor those they took as protectors, apart from
God; for them awaits a mighty chastisement.
45:10 This is guidance; and those who disbelieve in the signs of their Lord, there
awaits them a painful chastisement of wrath.
God is He who has subjected to you the sea, that the ships may run on it at His
commandment, and that you may seek His bounty; haply so you will be thankful.
And He has subjected to you what is in the heavens and what is in the earth, all
together, from Him. Surely in that are signs for a people who reflect.
Say unto those who believe, that they forgive those who do not look for the days
of God, that He may recompense a people for that they have been earning.
Whoso does righteousness, it is to his own gain, and whoso does evil, it is to his
own loss; then to your Lord you shall be returned.
Indeed, We gave the Children of Israel the Book, the Judgment, and the
Prophethood, and We provided them with good things, and We preferred them
above all beings. We gave them clear signs of the Command; so they differed
not, except after the knowledge had come to them, being insolent one to another.
Surely thy Lord will decide between them on the Day of Resurrection touching
their differences.
Then We set thee upon an open way of the Command; therefore follow it, and
follow not the caprices of those who do not know. Surely they will not avail thee
aught against God. Surely the evildoers are friends one of the other; God is the
friend of the godfearing.

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This is clear proofs for men, and a guidance, and a mercy to a people having sure
faith.
45:20 Or do those who commit evil deeds think that We shall make them as those
who believe and do righteous deeds, equal their living and their dying? How ill
they judge! God created the heavens and the earth in truth, and that every soul
may be recompensed for what it has earned; they shall not be wronged.
Hast thou seen him who has taken his caprice to be his god, and God has led him
astray out of a knowledge, and set a seal upon his hearing and his heart, and laid
a covering on his eyes? Who shall guide him after God? What, will you not
remember?
45:25 They say, 'There is nothing but our present life; we die, and we live, and
nothing but Time destroys us.' Of that they have no knowledge; they merely
conjecture. And when Our signs are recited to them, clear signs, their only
argument is that they say, 'Bring us our fathers, if you speak truly.'
Say: 'God gives you life, then makes you die, then He shall gather you to the Day
of Resurrection, wherein is no doubt, but most men do not know.'
To God belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth.
And on the day when the Hour is come, upon that day the vain-doers shall lose.
And thou shalt see every nation hobbling on their knees, every nation being
summoned unto its Book: 'Today you shall be recompensed for that you were
doing. This is Our Book, that speaks against you the truth; We have been
registering all that you were doing.'
45:30 And as for those who have believed and done deeds of righteousness, their
Lord shall admit them into His mercy; that is the manifest triumph. But as for
those who have disbelieved: 'Were not My signs recited to you, and you waxed
proud, and were a sinful people?
And when it was said, "God's promise is true, and the Hour, there is no doubt of
it," you said; "We know not what the Hour may be; we have only a surmise, and
are by no means certain."
And the evil deeds that they have done shall appear to them, and they shall be
encompassed by that they mocked at. And it shall be said, 'Today We do forget
you, even as you forgot the encounter of this your day; and your refuge is the

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Fire, and you shall have no helpers. That is for that you took God's signs in
mockery, and the present life deluded you.'
So today they shall not be brought forth from it, nor will they be suffered to make
amends.
45:35 So to God belongs praise, the Lord of the heavens and the Lord of the
earth, Lord of all Being. His is the Domination an the heavens and the earth; He is
the All-mighty, the All-wise.
XLVI

THE SAND-DUNES

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


46:1 Ha Mim
The sending down of the Book is from God, the All-mighty, the All-wise.
We have not created the heavens and the earth, and what between them is, save
with the truth and a stated term; but the unbelievers are turning away from that
they were warned of. Say: 'Have you considered that you call upon apart from
God? Show me what they have created of the earth; or have they a partnership in
the heavens? Bring me a Book before this, or some remnant of a knowledge, if
you speak truly.'
And who is further astray than he who calls, apart from God, upon such a one as
shall not answer him till the Day of Resurrection?
46:5 Such as are heedless of their calling, and when mankind are mustered, shall
be enemies to them, and shall deny their service.
And when Our signs are recited to them, clear signs, the unbelievers say to the
truth when it has come to them, 'This is manifest sorcery.'
Or do they say, 'He has forged it'? Say: 'If I have forged it, you have no power to
help me against God. He knows very well what you are pressing upon; He
suffices as a witness between me and you; He is the All-forgiving, the Allcompassionate.'

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Say: 'I am not an innovation among the Messengers, and I know not what shall
be done with me or with you. I only follow what is revealed to me; I am only a
clear warner.'
Say: 'Have you considered? If it be from God, and you disbelieve in it, and a
witness from among the Children of Israel hears witness to its like, and believes,
and you wax proud, God guides not the people of the evildoers.
46:10 The unbelievers say, as regards the believers, 'If it had been aught good,
they had not outstripped us to it.' And since they are not guided by it, certainly
they will say, 'This is an old calumny!'
Yet before it was the Book of Moses for a model and a mercy; and this is a Book
confirming, in Arabic tongue, to warn the evildoers, and good tidings to the gooddoers.
Surely those who say, 'Our Lord is God' and then go straight, no fear shall be on
them, neither shall they sorrow. Those are the inhabitants of Paradise, therein
dwelling forever, as a recompense for that they have been doing.
We have charged man, that he be kind to his parents; his mother bore him
painfully, and painfully she gave birth to him; his bearing and his weaning are
thirty months. Until, when he is fully grown, and reaches forty years, he says, 'O
my Lord, dispose me that I may be thankful for Thy blessing wherewith Thou hast
blessed me and my father and mother, and that I may do righteousness wellpleasing to Thee; and make me righteous also in my seed. Behold, I repent to
Thee, and am among those that surrender.'
46:15 Those are they from whom We shall accept the best of what they have
done, and We shall pass over their evil deeds. They are among the inhabitants of
Paradise -- the promise of the very truth, which they were promised.
But he who says to his father and his mother, 'Fie upon you! Do you promise me
that I shall be brought forth, when already generations have passed away before
me?' while they call upon God for succour -- 'Woe upon thee! Believe; surely
God's promise is true'; then he says, 'This is naught but the fairy-tales of the
ancients' -- such men are they against whom has been realized the Word
concerning nations that passed away before them, men and jinn alike; they were
losers. All shall have their degrees, according to what they have wrought, and that
He may pay them in full for their works, and they not being wronged.

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Upon the day when the unbelievers are exposed to the Fire: 'You dissipated your
good things in your present life, and you took your enjoyment in them; therefore
today you shall be recompensed with the chastisement of humiliation for that you
waxed proud in the earth without right, and for your ungodliness.
46:20 And remember the brother of Ad, when he warned his people beside the
sand-dunes -- and already warners had passed away alike before him and behind
him -- saying, 'Serve none but God! Truly I fear for you the chastisement of a
dreadful day. They said, 'What, hast thou come to pervert us from our gods? Then
bring us that thou promisest us, if indeed thou speakest truly.'
He said, 'Knowledge is only with God, and I deliver to you the Message with
which I was sent; but I see you are an ignorant people.' Then, when they saw it as
a sudden cloud coming towards their valleys, they said, 'This is a cloud, that shall
give us rain!'
'Not so; rather it is that you sought to hasten -- a wind, wherein is a painful
chastisement, destroying everything by the commandment of its Lord.' So in the
morning there was naught to be seen but their dwelling-places. Even so do We
recompense the people of the sinners.
46:25 And We had established them in that wherein We have not established
you, and We appointed for them hearing, and sight, and hearts; and yet their
hearing, their sight and their hearts availed them nothing, since they denied the
signs of God, and they were encompassed by that they mocked at.
And We destroyed the cities about you, and We turned about the signs, that haply
they would return. Then why did those not help them that they had taken to
themselves as mediators, gods apart from God? Not so; but they went astray
from them, and that was their calumny, and what they had been forging.
And when We turned to thee a company of jinn giving ear to the Koran; and when
they were in its presence they said, 'Be silent!' Then, when it was finished, they
turned back to their people, warning.
They said, 'Our people, we have heard a Book that was sent down after Moses,
confirming what was before it, guiding to the truth and to a straight path.
46:30 O our people, answer God's summoner, and believe in Him, and He will
forgive you some of your sins, and protect you from a painful chastisement.
Whosoever answers not God's summoner cannot frustrate God in the earth, and
he has no protectors apart from Him; those are in manifest error.

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What, have they not seen that God who created the heavens and earth, not being
wearied by creating them, is able to give life to the dead? Yes indeed; He is
powerful over everything.
Upon the day when the unbelievers are exposed to the Fire: 'Is not this the truth?'
They shall say, 'Yes, by our Lord!' He shall say, 'Then taste the chastisement of
your unbelief!'
So be thou patient, as the Messengers possessed of constancy were also patient.
Seek not to hasten it for them -- it shall be as if on the day they see that they are
promised,
46:35 they had not tarried but for an hour of a single day. A Message to be
delivered! And shall any be destroyed but the people of the ungodly?
XLVII

MUHAMMAD

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


47:1 Those who disbelieve and bar from God's way, God will send their works
astray. But those who believe and do righteous deeds and believe in what is sent
down to Muhammad -- and it is the truth from their Lord -- He will acquit them of
their evil deeds, and dispose their minds aright. That is because those who
disbelieve follow falsehood, and those who believe follow the truth from their
Lord. Even so God strikes their similitudes for men.
When you meet the unbelievers, smite their necks, then, when you have made
wide slaughter among them, tie fast the bonds;
47:5
then set them free, either by grace or ransom,
till the war lays down its loads.
So it shall be; and if God had willed,
He would have avenged Himself upon them;
but that He may try some of you by means of others.
And those who are slain in the way of God,
He will not send their works astray.
He will guide them, and dispose their minds aright,
and He will admit them to Paradise,
that He has made known to them.
O believers, if you help God,

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He will help you,


and confirm your feet.
But as for the unbelievers, ill chance shall befall them!
He will send their works astray.
47:10 That is because they have been averse to what God has sent down, so He
has made their works to fail.
What, have they not journeyed in the land and beheld how was the end of those
before them? God destroyed them; the unbelievers shall have the likes thereof.
That is because God is the Protector of the believers, and that the unbelievers
have no protector. God shall surely admit those who believe and do righteous
deeds into gardens underneath which rivers flow. As for the unbelievers, they take
their enjoyment and eat as cattle eat; and the Fire shall be their lodging.
How many a city that was stronger in might than thy city which has expelled thee
have We destroyed! And there was no helper for them.
47:15 What, is he who is upon a clear sign from his Lord like unto such a one
unto whom his evil deeds have been decked out fair, and they have followed their
caprices?
This is the similitude of Paradise which the godfearing have been promised:
therein are rivers of water unstaling, rivers of milk unchanging in flavour, and
rivers of wine -- a delight to the drinkers, rivers, too, of honey purified; and therein
for them is every fruit, and forgiveness from their Lord -- Are they as he who
dwells forever in the Fire, such as are given to drink boiling water, that tears their
bowels asunder?
And some of them there are give ear to thee, till, when they go forth from thee,
they say to those who have been given knowledge, 'What said he just now?'
Those are they upon whose hearts God has set a seal, and they have followed
their caprices.
But those who are guided aright, them He increases in guidance, and gives them
their godfearing
47:20 Are they looking for aught but the Hour, that it shall come upon them
suddenly? Already its tokens have come; so, when it has come to them, how shall
they have their Reminder?

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Know
thou
therefore
there
is
no
god
but
and
ask
forgiveness
for
thy
and
for
the
believers,
men
and
God knows your going to and fro, and your lodging.

that
God,
sin,
women.

Those who believe say, 'Why has a sura not been sent down?' Then, when a
clear sura is sent down, and therein fighting is mentioned, thou seest those in
whose hearts is sickness looking at thee as one who swoons of death; but better
for them would be obedience, and words honourable.
Then, when the matter is resolved, if they were true to God, it would be better for
them. If you turned away, would you then haply work corruption in the land, and
break your bonds of kin?
47:25 Those are they whom God has cursed, and so made them deaf, and
blinded their eyes. What, do they not ponder the Koran? Or is it that there are
locks upon their hearts?
Those who have turned back in their traces after the guidance has become clear
to them, Satan it was that tempted them, and God respited them.
That is because they said to those who were averse to what God sent down, 'We
will obey you in some of the affair'; and God knows their secrets. How shall it be,
when the angels take them, beating their faces and their backs?
47:30 That is because they have followed what angers God, and have been
averse to His good pleasure, so He has made their works to fail. Or did those in
whose hearts is sickness think that God would not bring to light their rancour?
Did We will, We would show them to thee, then thou wouldst know them by their
mark; and thou shalt certainly know them in the twisting of their speech; and God
knows your deeds. And We shall assuredly try you until We know those of you
who struggle and are steadfast, and try your tidings.
Those who disbelieve and bar from God's way and make a breach with the
Messenger after the guidance has become clear to them, they will nothing hurt
God, and He will make their works to fail.
47:35 O believers, obey God, and obey the Messenger, and do not make your
own works vain. Those who disbelieve and bar from God's way and then die
disbelieving, them God will not forgive. So do not faint and call for peace; you

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shall be the upper ones, and God is with you, and will not deprive you of your
works.
The present life is naught but a sport and a diversion; and if you believe and are
godfearing, He will give you your wages, and will not ask of you your goods. If He
asks you for them, and presses you, you are niggardly, and He brings to light your
rancour.
47:40 Ha, there you are; you are called upon to expend in God's way, and some
of you are niggardly. Whoso is niggardly is niggardly only to his own soul. God is
the All-sufficient; you are the needy ones. If you turn away, He will substitute
another people instead of you, then they will not be your likes.
XLVIII

VICTORY

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


48:1 Surely We have given thee a manifest victory, that God may forgive thee thy
former and thy latter sins, and complete His blessing upon thee, and guide thee
on a straight path, and that God may help thee with mighty help.
It is He who sent down the Shechina (tranquillity) into the hearts of the believers,
that they might add faith to their faith -- to God belong the hosts of the heavens
and the earth; God is All-knowing, All-wise -48:5 and that He may admit the believers, men and women alike, into gardens
underneath which rivers flow, therein to dwell forever, and acquit them of their evil
deeds; that is in God's sight a mighty triumph; and that He may chastise the
hypocrites, men and women alike, and the idolaters men and women alike, and
those who think evil thoughts of God; against them shall be the evil turn of
fortune. God is wroth with them, and has cursed them, and has prepared for them
Gehenna -- an evil homecoming!
To God belong the hosts of the heavens and the earth; God is All-mighty, All-wise.
Surely We have sent thee as a witness, good tidings to bear, and warning, that
you may believe in God and His Messenger and succour Him, and reverence
Him, and that you may give Him glory at the dawn and in the evening.

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48:10 Those who swear fealty to thee swear fealty in truth to God; God's hand is
over their hands. Then whosoever breaks his oath breaks it but to his own hurt;
and whoso fulfils his covenant made with God, God will give him a mighty wage.
The Bedouins who were left behind will say to thee, 'We were occupied by our
possessions and our families; so ask forgiveness for us!' They say with their
tongues what is not in their hearts. Say: 'Who can avail you aught against God, if
He desires hurt for you, or desires profit for you? Nay, but God is ever aware of
the things you do.
'Nay, but you thought that the Messenger and the believers would never return to
their families, and that was decked out fair in your hearts, and you thought evil
thoughts, and you were a people corrupt.'
Whoso believes not in God and His Messenger, We have prepared for the
unbelievers a Blaze. To God belongs the kingdom of the heavens and of the
earth; whomsoever He will He forgives, and whomsoever He will He chastises;
God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
48:15 The Bedouins who were left behind will say, when you set forth after spoils,
to take them, 'Let us follow you,' desiring to change God's words. Say: 'You shall
not follow us; so God said before.' Then they will say, 'Nay, but you are jealous of
us.' Nay, but they have not understood except a little.
Say to the Bedouins who were left behind: 'You shall be called against a people
possessed of great might' to fight them, dr they surrender. If you obey, God will
give you a goodly wage; but if you turn your backs, as you turned your backs
before, He will chastise you with a painful chastisement.'
There is no fault in the blind, and there is no fault in the lame, and there is no fault
in the sick. And whosoever obeys God and His Messenger, He will admit him into
gardens underneath which rivers flow; but whosoever turns his back, him He will
chastise with a painful chastisement.
God was well pleased with the believers when they were swearing fealty to thee
under the tree, and He knew what was in their hearts, so He sent down the
Shechina upon them, and rewarded them with a nigh victory and many spoils to
take; and God is ever All-mighty, All-wise.
48:20 God has promised you many spoils to take; these He has hastened to you,
and has restrained the hands of men from you, and that it may be a sign to the

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believers, and to guide you on a straight path, and other spoils you were not able
to take; God had encompassed them already. God is powerful over everything.
If the unbelievers had fought you, they would have turned their backs, and then
found neither protector nor helper; the wont of God, as in the past before, and
thou shalt never find any changing the wont of God.
It is He who restrained their hands from you, and your hands from them, in the
hollow of Mecca, after that He made you victors over them. God sees the things
you do.
48:25 They are the ones who disbelieved, and barred you from the Holy Mosque
and the offering, detained so as not to reach its place of sacrifice. If it had not
been for certain men believers and certain women believers whom you knew not,
lest you should trample them, and there befall you guilt unwittingly on their
account (that God may admit into His mercy whom He will), had they been
separated clearly, then We would have chastised the unbelievers among them
with a painful chastisement.
When the unbelievers set in their hearts fierceness, the fierceness of pagandom,
then God sent down His Shechina upon His Messenger and the believers, and
fastened to them the word of godfearing to which they have better right and are
worthy of; and God has knowledge of everything.
God has indeed fulfilled the vision He vouchsafed to His Messenger truly: 'You
shall enter the Holy Mosque, if God wills, in security, your heads shaved, your
hair cut short, not fearing.' He knew what you knew not, and appointed ere that a
nigh victory.
It is He who has sent His Messenger with the guidance and the religion of truth,
that He may uplift it above every religion.
God suffices as a witness.
Muhammad is the Messenger of God, and those who are with him are hard
against the unbelievers, merciful one to another.
48:30 Thou seest them bowing, prostrating, seeking bounty from God and good
pleasure. Their mark is on their faces, the trace of prostration. That is their
likeness in the Torah, and their likeness in the Gospel: as a seed that puts forth its
shoot, and strengthens it, and it grows stout and rises straight upon its stalk,
pleasing the sowers, that through them He may enrage the unbelievers. God has

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promised those of them who believe and do deeds of righteousness forgiveness


and a mighty wage.
XLIX

APARTMENTS

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


49:1 O believers, advance not before God and His Messenger; and fear God.
God is All-hearing, All-knowing.
O believers, raise not your voices above the Prophet's voice, and be not loud in
your speech to him, as you are loud one to another, lest your works fail while you
are not aware. Surely those who lower their voices in the presence of God's
Messenger, those are they whose hearts God has tested for godfearing; they
shall have forgiveness and a mighty wage. Surely those who call unto thee from
behind the apartments, the most of them do not understand.
49:5 And if they had patience, until thou comest out to them, that would be better
for them; and God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
O believers, if an ungodly man comes to you with a tiding, make clear, lest you
afflict a people unwittingly, and then repent of what you have done.
And know that the Messenger of God is among you. If he obeyed you in much of
the affair, you would suffer; but God has endeared to you belief, decking it fair in
your hearts, and He has made detestable to you unbelief and ungodliness and
disobedience. Those -- they are the right-minded, by God's favour and blessing;
God is All-knowing, All-wise.
If two parties of the believers fight, put things right between them; then, if one of
them is insolent against the other, fight the insolent one till it reverts to God's
commandment. If it reverts, set things right between them equitably, and be just.
Surely God loves the just.
49:10 The believers indeed are brothers; so set things right between your two
brothers, and fear God; haply so you will find mercy.
O believers, let not any people scoff at another people who may be better than
they; neither let women scoff at women who may be better than themselves. And
find not fault with one another, neither revile one another by nicknames. An evil

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name is ungodliness after belief. And whoso repents not, those -- they are the
evildoers.
O believers, eschew much suspicion; some suspicion is a sin. And do not spy,
neither backbite one another; would any of you like to eat the flesh of his brother
dead? You would abominate it. And fear you God; assuredly God turns, and He is
All-compassionate.
O mankind, We have created you male and female, and appointed you races and
tribes, that you may know one another. Surely the noblest among you in the sight
of God is the most godfearing of you. God is All-knowing, All-aware.
The Bedouins say, 'We believe.' Say: 'You do not believe; rather say, "We
surrender"; for belief has not yet entered your hearts. If you obey God and His
Messenger, He will not diminish you anything of your works. God is All-forgiving,
All-compassionate.'
49:15 The believers are those who believe in God and His Messenger, then have
not doubted, and have struggled with their possessions and their selves in the
way of God; those -- they are the truthful ones. Say: 'What, would you teach God
what your religion is, and God knows what is in the heavens and what is in the
earth? And God has knowledge of everything.'
They count it as a favour to thee that they have surrendered! Say: 'Do not count
your surrendering as a favour to me; nay, but rather God confers a favour upon
you, in that He has guided you to belief, if it be that you are truthful. God knows
the Unseen of the heavens and of the earth; and God sees the things you do.'
L

QAF

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


50:1 Qaf. By the glorious Koran!
Nay, but they marvel that a warner has come to them from among them; and the
unbelievers say, 'This is a marvellous thing! What, when we are dead and
become dust? That is a far returning!' We know what the earth diminishes of
them; with Us is a book recording.

337

50:5 Nay, but they cried lies to the truth when it came to them, and so they are in
a case confused. What, have they not beheld heaven above them, how We have
built it, and decked it out fair, and it has no cracks?
And the earth -- We stretched it forth, and cast on it firm mountains, and We
caused to grow therein of every joyous kind for an insight and a reminder to every
penitent servant. And We sent down out of heaven water blessed, and caused to
grow thereby gardens and grain of harvest
50:10 and tall palm-trees with spathes compact, a provision for the servants, and
thereby We revived a land that was dead. Even so is the coming forth.
Cried lies before them the people of Noah and the men of Er-Rass, and
Thamood, and Ad and Pharaoh, the brothers of Lot, the men of the Thicket, the
people of Tubba'. Every one cried lies to the Messengers, and My threat came
true.
What, were We wearied by the first creation? No indeed; but they are in
uncertainty as to the new creation.
50:15 We indeed created man; and We know what his soul whispers within him,
and We are nearer to him than the jugular vein.
When the two angels meet together, sitting one on the right, and one on the left,
not a word he utters, but by him is an observer ready. And death's agony comes
in truth; that is what thou wast shunning!
And the Trumpet shall be blown; that is the Day of the Threat.
50:20 And every soul shall come, and with it a driver and a witness.
'Thou wast heedless of this; therefore We have now removed
from thee thy covering, and so thy sight today is piercing.'
And his comrade shall say, 'This is what I have, made ready.'
'Cast,
you
twain,
into
Gehenna
every
froward
unbeliever,
every hinderer of the good, transgressor, disquieter,
50:25 who set up with God another god; therefore, you twain, cast him
into the terrible chastisement.' And his comrade shall say,
'Our Lord, I made him not insolent, but he was in far error.'
He shall say, 'Dispute not before Me! For I sent you beforehand -the threat. The Word is not changed with Me; I wrong not My servants.'

338

Upon the day We shall say unto Gehenna, 'Art thou filled?'
50:30 And it shall say, 'Are there any more to come?' And Paradise shall be
brought forward to the godfearing, not afar: 'This is that you were promised; it is
for every mindful penitent.'
Whosoever fears the All-merciful in the Unseen, and comes with a penitent heart:
'Enter it in peace! This is the Day of Eternity.' Therein they shall have whatever
they will; and with Us there is yet more.
50:35 How many a generation We destroyed before them that was stronger in
valour than they, then they searched about in the land; was there any asylum?
Surely in that there is a reminder to him who has a heart, or will give ear with a
present mind.
We created the heavens and the earth, and what between them is, in six days,
and no weariness touched Us. So be thou patient under what they say, and
proclaim thy Lord's praise before the rising of the sun, and before its setting, and
proclaim thy Lord's praise in the night, and at the ends of the prostrations.
50:40 And listen thou for the day when the caller shall call from a near place. On
the day they hear the Cry in truth, that is the day of coming forth. It is We who
give life, and make to die, and to Us is the homecoming.
Upon the day when the earth is split asunder from about them as they hasten
forth; that is a mustering easy for Us. We know very well what they say; thou art
not a tyrant over them.
50:45 Therefore remind by the Koran him who fears My threat.
LI

THE SCATTERERS

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


51:1 By the swift scatterers and the burden-bearers and the smooth runners and
the partitioners,
51:5 surely that you are promised is true, and surely the Doom is about to fall!

339

By heaven with all its tracks surely you speak at variance, and perverted
therefrom are some.
51:10 Perish the conjecturers who are dazed in perplexity asking, 'When shall be
the Day of Doom?' Upon the day when they shall be tried at the Fire: 'Taste your
trial! This is that you were seeking to hasten.'
51:15 Surely the godfearing shall be among gardens and fountains taking
whatsoever their Lord has given them; they were good-doers before that. Little of
the night would they slumber, and in the mornings they would ask for forgiveness;
and the beggar and the outcast had a share in their wealth.
51:20 In the earth are signs for those having sure faith; and in your selves; what,
do you not see? And in heaven is your provision, and that you are promised. So
by the Lord of heaven and earth, it is as surely true as that you have speech.
Hast thou received the story of the honoured guests of Abraham?
51:25 When they entered unto him, saying 'Peace!' he said 'Peace! You are a
people unknown to me.' Then he turned to his household and brought a fattened
calf, and he laid it before them saying, 'Will you not eat?' Then he conceived a
fear of them. They said, 'Be not afraid!' And they gave him good tidings of a
cunning boy. Then came forward his wife, clamouring, and she smote her face,
and said, 'An old woman, barren!'
51:30 They said, 'So says thy Lord; He is the All-wise, the All-knowing.' Said he,
'And what is your business, envoys?' They said, 'We have been sent to a people
of sinners, to loose upon them stones of clay marked with thy Lord for the
prodigal.
51:35 So We brought forth such believers as were in it, but We found not therein
except one house of those that have surrendered themselves. And therein We left
a sign to those who fear the painful chastisement.
And also in Moses, when We sent him unto Pharaoh, with a clear authority, but
he turned his back, with his court, saying, 'A sorcerer, or a man possessed!'
51:40 So We seized him and his hosts, and We cast them into the sea, and he
blameworthy.

340

And also in Ad, when We loosed against them the withering wind that left nothing
it came upon, but made it as stuff decayed. And also in Thamood, when it was
said to them, 'Take your enjoyment for a while!'
Then they turned in disdain from the commandment of their Lord, and the
thunderbolt took them and they themselves beholding
51:45 and they were not able to stand upright, and were not helped. And the
people of Noah before; surely they were an ungodly people. And heaven -- We
built it with might, and We extend it wide. And the earth -- We spread it forth; O
excellent Smoothers! And of everything created We two kinds; haply you will
remember.
51:50

Therefore
flee
I
am
a
clear
warner
And
set
not
up
with
I am a clear warner from Him to you.

unto
from
Him
to
God
another

God!
you.
god;

Even so not a Messenger came to those before them but they said, 'A sorcerer, or
a man possessed!' What, have they bequeathed it one to another? Nay, but they
are an insolent people. So turn thou from them; thou wilt not be reproached.
51:55 And remind; the Reminder profits the believers.
I have not created jinn and mankind except to serve Me. I desire of them no
provision, neither do I desire that they should feed Me. Surely God is the Allprovider, the Possessor of Strength, the Ever-Sure.
The evildoers shall have their portion, like the portion of their fellows; so let them
not hasten Me!
51:60 So woe to the unbelievers, for that day of theirs that they are promised.
LII

THE MOUNT

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


52:1 By the Mount and a Book inscribed in a parchment unrolled, by the House
inhabited and the roof uplifted and the sea swarming, surely thy Lord's
chastisement is about to fall; there is none to avert it.

341

Upon the day when heaven spins dizzily


52:10
and the mountains are in motion,
woe that day unto those that cry lies,
such as play at plunging,
the day when they shall be pitched into the fire of Gehenna:
'This is the fire that you cried lies to!
52:15
What, is this magic, or is it you that do not see?
Roast in it! And bear you patiently, or bear not patiently,
equal it is to you; you are only being recompensed for
that you were working.'
Surely the godfearing shall be in gardens and bliss,
rejoicing in that their Lord has given them;
and their Lord shall guard them against the chastisement of Hell.
'Eat and drink, with wholesome appetite, for
that you were working.
52:20
Reclining upon couches ranged in rows;
and We shall espouse them to wide-eyed houris.
And those who believed, and their seed followed them in belief,
We shall join their seed with them, and We
shall not defraud them of aught of their work;
every man shall be pledged for what he earned.
And We shall succour them with fruits and flesh such as they desire while they
pass therein a cup one to another wherein is no idle talk, no cause of sin, and
there go round them youths, their own, as if they were hidden pearls.
52:25 They advance one upon another, asking each other questions. They say,
'We were before among our people, ever going in fear, and God was gracious to
us, and guarded us against the chastisement of the burning wind; we were before
ever calling upon Him; surely He is the All-benign, the All-compassionate.'
Therefore remind! by thy Lord's blessing thou art not a soothsayer neither
possessed.
52:30 Or do they say, 'He is a poet for whom we await Fate's uncertainty'? Say:
'Await! I shall be awaiting with you.'
Or do their intellects bid them do this? Or are they an insolent people? Or do they
say, 'He has invented it?' Nay, but they do not believe. Then let them bring a
discourse like it, if they speak truly.

342

52:35 Or were they created out of nothing? Or are they the creators? Or did they
create the heavens and earth? Nay, but they have not sure faith. Or are thy Lord's
treasuries in their keeping? Or are they the registrars? Or have they a ladder
whereon they listen? Then let any of them that has listened bring a clear
authority. Or has He daughters, and they sons?
52:40 Or askest thou them for a wage, and so they are weighed down with debt?
Or is the Unseen in their keeping, and so they are writing it down? Or desire they
to outwit? The unbelievers, they are the outwitted. Or have they a god, other than
God? Glory be to God, above that which they associate!
Even if they saw lumps falling from heaven, they would say, 'A massed cloud!'
52:45 Then leave them, till they encounter their day wherein they shall be
thunderstruck, the day when their guile shall avail them naught, and they shall not
be helped. And there surely awaits the evildoers a chastisement beyond even
that, but most of them know it not.
And be thou patient under the judgment of thy Lord; surely thou art before Our
eyes. And proclaim the praise of thy Lord when thou arisest, and proclaim the
praise of thy Lord in the night, and at the declining of the stars.
LIII

THE STAR

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


53:1 By the Star when it plunges, your comrade is not astray, neither errs, nor
speaks he out of caprice. This is naught but a revelation revealed,
53:5
taught him by one terrible in power,
very strong; he stood poised,
being on the higher horizon,
then drew near and suspended hung,
two bows'-length away, or nearer,
53:10
then revealed to his servant that he revealed.
His heart lies not of what he saw;
what, will you dispute with him what he sees?
Indeed, he saw him another time by the Lote-Tree of the Boundary

343

53:15 nigh which is the Garden of the Refuge, when there covered the Lote-Tree
that which covered; his eye swerved not; nor swept astray. Indeed, he saw one of
the greatest signs of his Lord.
Have you considered El-Lat and El-'Uzza
53:20 and Manat the third, the other? What, have you males, and He females?
That were indeed an unjust division. They are naught but names yourselves have
named, and your fathers; God has sent down no authority touching them. They
follow only surmise, and what the souls desire; and yet guidance has come to
them from their Lord. Or shall man have whatever he fancies?
53:25 And to God belongs the First and the Last. How many an angel there is in
the heavens whose intercession avails not anything, save after that God gives
leave to whomsoever He wills and is well-pleased.
Those who do not believe in the world to come name the angels with the names
of females. They have not any knowledge thereof; they follow only surmise, and
surmise avails naught against truth.
53:30 So turn thou from him who turns away from Our Remembrance, and
desires only the present life. That is their attainment of knowledge.
Surely thy Lord knows very well those who have gone astray from His way, and
He knows very well those who are guided.
To God belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, that
He may recompense those who do evil for what they have done, and recompense
those who have done good with the reward most fair.
Those who avoid the heinous sins and indecencies, save lesser offences surely
thy Lord is wide in His forgiveness.
Very well He knows you, when He produced you from the earth, and when you
were yet unborn in your mothers' wombs; therefore hold not yourselves purified;
God knows very well him who is godfearing.
Hast thou considered him who turns his back
53:35 and gives a little, and then grudgingly? Does he possess the knowledge of
the Unseen, and therefore he sees? Or has he not been told of what is in the

344

scrolls of Moses, and Abraham, he who paid his debt in full? That no soul laden
bears the load of another,
53:40 and that a man shall have to his account only as he has laboured, and that
his labouring shall surely be seen, then he shall be recompensed for it with the
fullest recompense, and that the final end is unto thy Lord, and that it is He who
makes to laugh, and that makes to weep,
53:45 and that it is He who makes to die, and that makes to live, and that He
Himself created the two kinds, male and female, of a sperm-drop, when it was
cast forth, and that upon Him rests the second growth, and that it is He who gives
wealth and riches,
53:50 and that it is He who is the Lord of Sirius, and that He destroyed Ad, the
ancient, and Thamood, and He did not spare them, and the people of Noah
before -- certainly they did exceeding evil, and were insolent
53:55 and the Subverted City He also overthrew, so that there covered it that
which covered. Then which of thy Lord's bounties disputest thou?
This is a warner, of the warners of old. The Imminent is imminent; apart from God
none can disclose it. Do you then marvel at this discourse,
53:60 and do you laugh, and do you not weep, while you make merry?
So bow yourselves before God, and serve Him!
LIV

THE MOON

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


54:1 The Hour has drawn nigh: the moon is split.
Yet if they see a sign they turn away, and they say 'A continuous sorcery!' They
have cried lies, and followed their caprices; but every matter is settled. And there
have come to them such tidings as contain a deterrent -- a Wisdom far-reaching;
yet warnings do not avail.
54:5 So turn thou away from them.

345

Upon the day when the Caller shall call unto a horrible thing, abasing their eyes,
they shall come forth from the tombs as if they were scattered grasshoppers,
running with outstretched necks to the Caller. The unbelievers shall say, 'This is a
hard day!'
The people of Noah cried lies before them; they cried lies to Our servant, and
said, 'A man possessed!' And he was rejected.
54:10 And so he called unto his Lord, saying, 'I am vanquished; do Thou succour
me!' Then We opened the gates of heaven unto water torrential, and made the
earth to gush with fountains, and the waters met for a matter decreed. And We
bore him upon a well-planked vessel well-caulked running before Our eyes -- a
recompense for him denied.
54:15 And We left it for a sign.
Is there any that will remember? How then were My chastisement and My
warnings? Now We have made the Koran easy for Remembrance. Is there any
that will remember?
Ad cried lies. How then were My chastisement and My warnings? We loosed
against them a wind clamorous in a day of ill fortune continuous,
54:20 plucking up men as if they were stumps of uprooted palm-trees. How then
were My chastisement and My warnings? Now We have made the Koran easy for
Remembrance. Is there any that will remember?
Thamood cried lies to the warnings and said, 'What, shall we follow a mortal, one
out of ourselves? Then indeed we should be in error and insanity!
54:25 Has the Reminder been cast upon him alone among us? Nay, rather he is
an impudent liar.' 'They shall surely know tomorrow who is the impudent liar. They
shall send the She-camel as a trial for them; so watch thou them and keep
patience. And tell them that the water is to be divided between them, each drink
for each in turn.
Then they called their comrade, and he took in hand, and hamstrung her.
54:30 How then were My chastisement and My warnings? We loosed against
them one Cry, and they were as the wattles of a pen-builder. Now We have made
the Koran easy for Remembrance. Is there any that will remember?

346

The people of Lot cried lies to the warnings. We loosed against them a squall of
pebbles except the folk of Lot; We delivered them at the dawn -54:35 a blessing from Us; even so We recompense him who is thankful. He had
warned them of Our assault, but they disputed the warnings. Even his guests they
had solicited of him; so We obliterated their eyes, saying, 'Taste now My
chastisement and My warnings!' In the morning early there came upon them a
settled chastisement: 'Taste now My chastisement and My warnings!'
54:40 Now We have made the Koran easy for Remembrance. Is there any that
will remember?
The warnings came also to Pharaoh's folk. They cried lies to Our signs, all of
them, so We seized them with the seizing of One mighty, omnipotent.
What, are your unbelievers better than those? Or have you an immunity in the
Scrolls? Or do they say, 'We are a congregation that shall be succoured?'
54:45 Certainly the host shall be routed, and turn their backs.
Nay, but the Hour is their tryst, and the Hour is very calamitous and bitter. Surely
the sinners are in error and insanity!
The day when they are dragged on their faces into the Fire: 'Taste now the touch
of Sakar!' Surely We have created everything in measure.
54:50 Our commandment is but one word, as the twinkling of an eye.
We have destroyed the likes of you; is there any that will remember? Every thing
that they have done is in the Scrolls, and everything, great and small, is inscribed.
Surely the godfearing shall dwell amid gardens and a river
54:55 in a sure abode, in the presence of a King Omnipotent.
LV

THE ALL-MERCIFUL

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate

347

55:1 The All-merciful has taught the Koran. He created man and He has taught
him the Explanation.
The sun and the moon to a reckoning,
55:5 and the stars and the trees bow themselves; and heaven -- He raised it up,
and set the Balance. (Transgress not in the Balance, and weigh with justice, and
skimp not in the Balance.) And earth -- He set it down for all beings,
55:10 therein fruits, and palm-trees with sheaths, and grain in the blade, and
fragrant herbs. O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny?
He created man of a clay like the potter's, and He created the jinn of a smokeless
fire.
55:15 O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny?
Lord of the Two Easts, Lord of the Two Wests, O which of your Lord's bounties
will you and you deny?
55:20 He let forth the two seas that meet together, between them a barrier they
do not overpass. O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny? From
them come forth the pearl and the coral. O which of your Lord's bounties will you
and you deny? His too are the ships that run, raised up in the sea like land-marks.
55:25 O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny? All that dwells upon
the earth is perishing, yet still abides the Face of thy Lord, majestic, splendid.
O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny? Whatsoever is in the
heavens and the earth implore Him; every day He is upon some labour.
55:30 O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny?
We shall surely attend to you at leisure, you weight and you weight! O which of
your Lord's bounties will you and you deny? O tribe of jinn and of men, if you are
able to pass through the confines of heaven and earth, pass through them! You
shall not pass through except with an authority.
O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny?
55:35 Against you shall be loosed a flame of fire, and molten brass; and you shall
not be helped.

348

O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny? And when heaven is split
asunder, and turns crimson like red leather -- O which of our Lord's bounties will
you and you deny? on that day none shall be questioned about his sin, neither
man nor jinn.
55:40 O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny? The sinners shall
be known by their mark, and they shall be seized by their forelocks and their feet.
O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny? This is Gehenna, that
sinners cried lies to; they shall go round between it and between hot, boiling
water.
55:45 O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny?
But such as fears the Station of his Lord, for them shall be two gardens -O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny? abounding in branches -O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny?
55:50 therein two fountains of running water -- O which of your Lord's bounties
will you and you deny? therein of every fruit two kinds -- O which of your Lord's
bounties will you and you deny? reclining upon couches lined with brocade, the
fruits of the gardens nigh to gather -55:55

which of your Lord's bounties will


therein
maidens
restraining
untouched before them by any man or jinn --

you and
their

O which of your Lord's bounties will you and


lovely
as
rubies,
beautiful
as
O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny?

you deny?
glances,

you deny?
coral
--

55:60 Shall the recompense of goodness be other than goodness?


O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny?
And besides these shall be two gardens -O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny? green, green pastures -55:65 O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny? therein two
fountains of gushing water -- O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you

349

deny? therein fruits, and palm-trees, and pomegranates -- O which of your Lord's
bounties will you and you deny?
55:70 therein maidens good and comely -- O which of your Lord's bounties will
you and you deny? houris, cloistered in cool pavilions -- O which of your Lord's
bounties will you and you deny? untouched before them by any man or jinn -55:75 O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny? reclining upon
green cushions and lovely druggets -O which of your Lord's bounties will you and you deny?
Blessed be the Name of thy Lord, majestic, splendid.
LVI

THE TERROR

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate.


56:1 When the Terror descends (and none denies its descending) abasing,
exalting, when the earth shall be rocked and the mountains crumbled and
become a dust scattered, and you shall be three bands -Companions of the Right (O Companions of the Right!)
Companions of the Left (O Companions of the Left!)
56:10 and the Outstrippers: the Outstrippers
those are they brought nigh the Throne,
in the Gardens of Delight
(a throng of the ancients
and how few of the later folk)
56:15
upon close-wrought couches
reclining upon them, set face to face,
immortal youths going round about them
with goblets, and ewers, and a cup from a spring
(no brows throbbing, no intoxication)
56:20
and such fruits as they shall choose,
and such flesh of fowl as they desire,
and wide-eyed houris
as the likeness of hidden pearls,
a recompense for that they laboured.

350

Therein they shall hear no idle talk, no cause of sin,


56:25

only the saying 'Peace, Peace!'

The Companions of the Right (O Companions of the Right!) mid thornless lotetrees and serried acacias, and spreading shade and outpoured waters, and fruits
abounding unfailing, unforbidden, and upraised couches.
56:35 Perfectly We formed them, perfect, and We made them spotless virgins,
chastely amorous, like of age for the Companions of the Right. A throng of the
ancients and a throng of the later folk.
56:40 The Companions of the Left (O Companions of the Left!) mid burning winds
and boiling waters and the shadow of a smoking blaze neither cool, neither
goodly; and before that they lived at ease,
56:45 and persisted in the Great Sin, ever saying, 'What, when we are dead and
become dust and bones, shall we indeed be raised up? What, and our fathers,
the ancients?'
Say: 'The ancients, and the later folk shall be gathered to the appointed time of a
known day.
56:50 Then you erring ones, you that cried lies, you shall eat of a tree called
Zakkoum, and you shall fill therewith your bellies and drink on top of that boiling
water
56:55 lapping it down like thirsty camels.' This shall be their hospitality on the Day
of Doom. We created you; therefore why will you not believe?
Have you considered the seed you spill? Do you yourselves create it, or are We
the Creators?
56:60 We have decreed among you Death; We shall not be outstripped; that We
may exchange the likes of you, and make you to grow again in a fashion you
know not. You have known the first growth; so why will you not remember?
56:65 Have you considered the soil you till? Do you yourselves sow it, or are We
the Sowers? Did We will, We would make it broken orts, and you would remain
bitterly jesting -- 'We are debt-loaded; nay, we have been robbed!'

351

Have you considered the water you drink? Did you send it down from the clouds,
or did We send it? Did We will, We would make it bitter; so why are you not
thankful?
56:70 Have you considered the fire you kindle? Did you make its timber to grow,
or did We make it? We Ourselves made it for a reminder, and a boon to the
desert-dwellers.
Then magnify the Name of thy Lord, the All-mighty.
No! I swear by the fallings of the stars
56:75 (and that is indeed a mighty oath, did you but know it) it is surely a noble
Koran in a hidden Book none but the purified shall touch, a sending down from
the Lord of all Being.
56:80
What,
do
you
hold
this
and do you make it your living to cry lies?

discourse

in

Why,

but when the soul leaps to the throat of


and
that
hour
you
are
(And We are nigher him than you, but you do not see Us)

disdain,

the dying
watching

56:85
why,
if
you
are
not
at
Our
disposal,
do
you
not
bring
back
his
soul,
if
you
speak
truly?
Then,
if
he
be
of
those
brought
nigh
the
Throne,
there shall be repose and ease, and a Garden of Delight;
90

and
if
he
be
a
Companion
of
the
'Peace
be
upon
thee,
Companion
of
the
But if he be of them that cried lies, and went
there
shall
be
a
hospitality
of
boiling
and the roasting in Hell.

95
Surely
this
is
the
truth
Then magnify the Name of thy Lord, the All-mighty.
LVII

IRON

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate

of

Right:
Right!'
astray,
water

certainty.

352

57:1 All that is in the heavens and the earth magnifies God; He is the All-mighty,
the All-wise. To Him belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth; He gives
life, and He makes to die, and He is powerful over everything.
He is the First and the Last, the Outward and the Inward; He has knowledge of
everything. It is He that created the heavens and the earth in six days then seated
Himself upon the Throne.
He knows what penetrates into the earth, and what comes forth from it, -- what
comes down from heaven, and what goes up unto it. He is with you wherever you
are; and God sees the things you do.
57:5 To Him belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth; and unto Him all
matters are returned. He makes the night to enter into the day and makes the day
to enter into the night. He knows the thoughts within the breasts.
Believe in God and His Messenger, and expend of that unto which He has made
you successors. And those of you who believe and expend shall have a mighty
wage.
How is it with you, that you believe not in God seeing that the Messenger is
calling you to believe in your Lord, and He has taken compact with you, if you are
believers?
It is He who sends down upon His servant signs, clear signs, that He may bring
you forth from the shadows into the light. Surely God is to you All-gentle, Allcompassionate.
57:10 How is it with you, that you expend not in the way of God, and to God
belongs the inheritance of the heavens and the earth? Not equal is he among you
who spent, and who fought before the victory; those are mightier in rank than they
who spent and fought afterwards; and unto each God has promised the reward
most fair; and God is aware of the things you do. Who is he that will lend to God a
good loan, and He will multiply it for him, and his shall be a generous wage?
Upon the day when thou seest the believers, men and women, their light running
before them, and on their right hands. 'Good tidings for you today! Gardens
underneath which rivers flow, therein to dwell for ever; that is indeed the mighty
triumph.'
Upon the day when the hypocrites, men and women, shall say to those who have
believed, 'Wait for us, so that we may borrow your light!' It shall be said, 'Return

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you back behind, and seek for a light!' And a wall shall be set up between them,
having a door in the inward whereof is mercy, and against the outward thereof is
chastisement. They shall be calling unto them, 'Were we not with you?' They shall
say, 'Yes indeed; but you tempted yourselves, and you awaited, and you were in
doubt, and fancies deluded you, until God's commandment came, and the
Deluder deluded you concerning God. Therefore today no ransom shall be taken
from you, neither from those who disbelieved. Your refuge is the Fire, that is your
master -- an evil homecoming!'
57:15 Is it not time that the hearts of those who believe should be humbled to the
Remembrance of God and the Truth which He has sent down, and that they
should not be as those to whom the Book was given aforetime, and the term
seemed over long to them, so that their hearts have become hard, and many of
them are ungodly?
Know that God revives the earth after it was dead. We have indeed made clear
for you the signs, that haply you will understand.
Surely those, the men and the women, who make freewill offerings and have lent
to God a good loan, it shall be multiplied for them, and theirs shall be a generous
wage.
And those who believe in God and His Messengers -- they are the just men and
the martyrs in their Lord's sight; they have their wage, and their light. But the
unbelievers, who have cried lies to Our signs, they are the inhabitants of Hell.
Know that the present life is but a sport and a diversion, an adornment and a
cause for boasting among you, and a rivalry in wealth and children. It is as a rain
whose vegetation pleases the unbelievers; then it withers, and thou seest it
turning yellow, then it becomes broken orts. And in the world to come there is a
terrible chastisement,
57:20 and forgiveness from God and good pleasure; and the present life is but
the joy of delusion. Race to forgiveness from your Lord, and a Garden the
breadth whereof is as the breadth of heaven and earth, made ready for those who
believe in God and His Messengers. That is the bounty of God; He gives it unto
whomsoever He will; and God is of bounty abounding.
No affliction befalls in the earth or in yourselves, but it is in a Book, before We
create it; that is easy for God; that you may not grieve for what escapes you, nor
rejoice in what has come to you; God loves not any man proud and boastful, such

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as are niggardly, and bid men to be niggardly. And whosoever turns away, God is
the All-sufficient, the All-laudable.
57:25 Indeed, We sent Our Messengers with the clear signs, and We sent down
with them the Book and the Balance so that men might uphold justice. And We
sent down iron, wherein is great might, and many uses for men, and so that God
might know who helps Him, and His Messengers, in the Unseen. Surely God is
All-strong, All-mighty.
And We sent Noah, and Abraham, and We appointed the Prophecy and the Book
to be among their seed; and some of them are guided, and many of them are
ungodly.
Then We sent, following in their footsteps, Our Messengers; and We sent,
following, Jesus son of Mary, and gave unto him the Gospel.
And We set in the hearts of those who followed him tenderness and mercy.
And monasticism they invented -- We did not prescribe it for them -- only seeking
the good pleasure of God; but they observed it not as it should be observed. So
We gave those of them who believed their wage; and many of them are ungodly.
O believers, fear God, and believe
in His Messenger, and He will give you
a twofold portion of His mercy; and
He will appoint for you a light whereby
you shall walk, and forgive you; God is
All-forgiving, All-compassionate;
that the People of the Book may know that they have no power over anything of
God's bounty, and that bounty is in the hand of God; He gives it unto whomsoever
He will; and God is of bounty abounding.
LVIII

THE DISPUTER

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


58:1 God has heard the words of her that disputes with thee concerning her
husband, and makes complaint unto God. God hears the two of you conversing
together; surely God is All-hearing, All-seeing.

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Those of you who say, regarding their wives, 'Be as my mother's back,' they are
not truly their mothers; their mothers are only those who gave them birth, and
they are surely saying a dishonourable saying, and a falsehood.
Yet surely God is All-pardoning, All-forgiving. And those who say, regarding their
wives, 'Be as my mother's back,' and then retract what they have said, they shall
set free a slave, before the two of them touch one another. By that you are
admonished; and God is aware of the things you do.
58:5 But whosoever finds not the means, then let him fast two successive
months, before the two of them touch one another. And if any man is not able to,
then let him feed sixty poor persons -- that, that you may believe in God and His
Messenger. Those are God's bounds; and for the unbelievers there awaits yet a
painful chastisement.
Surely those who oppose God and His Messenger shall be frustrated as those
before them were frustrated. Now We have sent down signs, clear signs; and for
the unbelievers awaits a humbling chastisement, upon the day when God shall
raise them up all together, then He shall tell them what they did.
God has numbered it, and they have forgotten it. God is witness over everything.
Hast thou not seen that God knows whatsoever is in the heavens, and
whatsoever is in the earth? Three men conspire not secretly together, but He is
the fourth of them, neither five men, but He is the sixth of them, neither fewer than
that, neither more, but He is with them, wherever they may be; then He shall tell
them what they have done, on the Day of Resurrection. Surely God has
knowledge of everything.
Hast thou not regarded those who were forbidden to converse secretly together,
then they return to that they were forbidden, and they converse secretly together
in sin and enmity, and in disobedience to the Messenger? Then, when they come
to thee, they greet thee with a greeting God never greeted thee withal; and they
say within themselves, 'Why does God not chastise us for what we say?'
Sufficient for them shall be Gehenna, at which they, shall be roasted -- an evil
homecoming!
58:10 O believers, when you conspire secretly, then conspire not together in sin
and enmity and disobedience to the Messenger, but conspire in piety and
godfearing. Fear God, unto whom you shall be mustered. Conspiring secretly
together is of Satan, that the believers may sorrow; but he will not hurt them

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anything, except by the leave of God. And in God let the believers put all their
trust.
O believers, when it is said to you 'Make room in the assemblies', then make
room, and God will make room for you; and when it is said, 'Move up', move up,
and God will raise up in rank those of you who believe and have been given
knowledge. And God is aware of the things you do.
O believers, when you conspire with the Messenger, before your conspiring
advance a freewill offering; that is better for you and purer. Yet if you find not
means, God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
Are you afraid, before your conspiring, to advance freewill offerings? If you do not
so, and God turns again unto you, then perform the prayer, and pay the alms, and
obey God and His Messenger. God is aware of the things you do.
58:15 Hast thou not regarded those who have taken for friends a people against
whom God is wrathful? They belong neither to you nor to them; and they swear
upon falsehood, and that wittingly. God has made ready for them a chastisement
terrible; surely they -- evil are the things they have been doing. They have taken
their oaths as a covering, and barred from God's way; so there awaits them a
humbling chastisement.
Neither their riches nor their children shall avail them anything against God; those
-- they are the inhabitants of the Fire, therein dwelling forever.
Upon the day when God shall raise them up all together, and they will swear to
Him, as they swear to you, and think they are on something. Surely, they are the
liars!
58:20 Satan has gained the mastery over them, and caused them to forget God's
Remembrance. Those are Satan's party; why, Satan's party, surely, they are the
losers!
Surely those who oppose God and His Messenger, those are among the most
abject. God has written, 'I shall assuredly be the victor, I and My Messengers.'
Surely God is All-strong, All-mighty.
Thou shalt not find any people who believe in God and the Last Day who are
loving to anyone who opposes. God and His Messenger, not though they were
their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their clan. Those -- He has written
faith upon their hearts, and He has confirmed them with a Spirit from Himself; and

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He shall admit them into gardens underneath which rivers flow, therein to dwell
forever, God being well-pleased with them, and they well-pleased with Him.
Those are God's party; why, surely God's party -- they are the prosperers.
LIX

THE MUSTERING

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


59:1 All that is in the heavens and the earth magnifies God; He is the All-mighty,
the All-wise.
It is He who expelled from their habitations the unbelievers among the People of
the Book at the first mustering. You did not think that they would go forth, and
they thought that their fortresses would defend them against God; then God came
upon them from whence they had not reckoned, and He cast terror into their
hearts as they destroyed their houses with their own hands, and the hands of the
believers; therefore take heed, you who have eyes!
Had God not prescribed dispersal for them, He would have chastised them in this
world; and there awaits them in the world to come the chastisement of the Fire.
That is because they made a breach with God and His Messenger; and
whosoever makes a breach with God, God is terrible in retribution.
59:5 Whatever palm-trees you cut down, or left standing upon their roots, that
was by God's leave, and that He might degrade the ungodly.
And whatever spoils of war God has given unto His Messenger from them,
against that you pricked neither horse nor camel; but God gives authority to His
Messengers over whomsoever He will. God is powerful over everything.
Whatsoever spoils of war God has given to His Messenger from the people of the
cities belongs to God, and His Messenger, and the near kinsman, orphans, the
needy and the traveller, so that it be not a thing taken in turns among the rich of
you. Whatever the Messenger gives you, take; whatever he forbids you, give
over. And fear God; surely God is terrible in retribution.
It is for the poor emigrants, who were expelled from their habitations and their
possessions, seeking bounty from God and good pleasure, and helping God and
His Messenger; those -- they are the truthful ones.

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And those who made their dwelling in the abode, and in belief, before them; love
whosoever has emigrated to them, not finding in their breasts any need for what
they have been given, and preferring others above themselves, even though
poverty be their portion. And whoso is guarded against the avarice of his own
soul, those -- they are the prosperers.
59:10 And as for those who came after them, they say, 'Our Lord, forgive us and
our brothers, who preceded us in belief, and put Thou not into our hearts any
rancour towards those who believe. Our Lord, surely Thou art the All-gentle, the
All-compassionate.'
Hast thou not regarded the hypocrites, saying to their brothers of the People of
the Book who disbelieve, 'If you are expelled, we will go forth with you, and we
will never obey anyone in regard to you. If you are fought against, we will help
you.' And God bears witness that they are truly liars.
If those are expelled, they will not go forth with them, and if they are fought
against, they will not help them. Even if they helped them, they would surely turn
their backs, then they would not be helped.
Why, you arouse greater fear in their hearts than God; that is because they are a
people who understand not. They will not fight against you all together except in
fortified cities, or from behind walls. Their valour is great, among themselves; you
think of them as a host; but their hearts are scattered; that is because they are a
people who have no sense.
59:15 Like those who a short time before them tasted the mischief of their action;
there awaits them a painful chastisement. Like Satan, when he said to man,
'Disbelieve'; then, when he disbelieved, he said, 'Surely I am quit of you. Surely I
fear God, the Lord of all Being.'
Their end is, both are in the Fire, there dwelling forever; that is the recompense of
the evildoers.
O believers, fear God. Let every soul consider what it has forwarded for the
morrow. And fear God; God is aware of the things you do.
Be not as those who forgot God, and so He caused them to forget their souls;
those -- they are the ungodly.
59:20 Not equal are the inhabitants of the Fire and the inhabitants of Paradise.
The inhabitants of Paradise -- they are the triumphant.

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If We had sent down this Koran upon a mountain, thou wouldst have seen it
humbled, split asunder out of the fear of God.
And those similitudes -- We strike them for men; haply they will reflect.
He is God;
there is no god but He.
He is the knower of the Unseen and the Visible;
He is the All-merciful, the All-compassionate.
He is God;
there is no god but He.
He is the King, the All-holy, the All-peaceable,
the All-faithful, the All-preserver,
the All-mighty, the All-compeller, the All-sublime.
Glory be to God, above that they associate!
He is God,
the Creator, the Maker, the Shaper.
To Him belong the Names Most Beautiful.
All that is in the heavens and the earth magnifies Him;
He is the All-mighty, the All-wise.
LX

THE WOMAN TESTED

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


60:1 O believers, take not My enemy and your enemy for friends, offering them
love, though they have disbelieved in the truth that has come to you, expelling the
Messenger and you because you believe in God your Lord. If you go forth to
struggle in My way and seek My good pleasure, secretly loving them, yet I know
very well what you conceal and what you publish; and whosoever of you does
that, has gone astray from the right way.
If they come on you, they will be enemies to you, and stretch against you their
hands and their tongues, to do you evil, and they wish that you may disbelieve.
Neither your blood-kindred nor your children shall profit you upon the Day of
Resurrection; He shall distinguish between you. And God sees the things you do.
You have had a good example in Abraham, and those with him, when they said to
their people, 'We are quit of you and that you serve, apart from God. We

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disbelieve in you, and between us and you enmity has shown itself, and hatred
for ever, until you believe in God alone. (Except that Abraham said unto his father,
'Certainly I shall ask pardon for thee; but I have no power to do aught for thee
against God.') 'Our Lord, in Thee we trust; to Thee we turn; to Thee is the
homecoming.
60:5 Our Lord, make us not a temptation to those who disbelieve; and forgive us.
Our Lord, Thou art the All-mighty, the All-wise.'
You have had a good example in them for whoever hopes for God and the Last
Day. And whosoever turns away, surely God is the All-sufficient, the All-laudable.
It may be God will yet establish between you and those of them with whom you
are at enmity love. God is All-powerful; God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
God forbids you not, as regards those who have not fought you in religion's
cause, nor expelled you from your habitations, that you should be kindly to them,
and act justly towards them; surely God loves the just.
God only forbids you as to those who have fought you in religion's cause, and
expelled you from your habitations, and have supported in your expulsion, that
you should take them for friends. And whosoever takes them for friends, those -they are the evildoers.
60:10 O believers, when believing women come to you as emigrants, test them.
God knows very well their belief. Then, if you know them to be believers, return
them not to the unbelievers. They are not permitted to the unbelievers, nor are
the unbelievers permitted to them. Give the unbelievers what they have
expended; and there is no fault in you to marry them when you have given them
their wages. Do not hold fast to the ties of unbelieving women, and ask what you
have expended, and let them ask what they have expended. That is God's
judgment; He judges between you; and God is All-knowing, All-wise.
And if any of your wives slips away from you to the unbelievers, and then you
retaliate, give those whose wives have gone away the like of what they have
expended. And fear God, in whom you believe.
O Prophet, when believing women come to thee, swearing fealty to thee upon the
terms that they will not associate with God anything, and will not steal, neither
commit adultery, nor slay their children, nor bring a calumny they forge between
their hands and their feet, nor disobey thee in aught honourable, ask God's
forgiveness for them; God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.

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O believers, take not for friends a people against whom God is wrathful, and who
have despaired of the world to come, even as the unbelievers have despaired of
the inhabitants of the tombs.
LXI

THE RANKS

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


61:1 All that is in the heavens and the earth magnifies God; He is the All-mighty;
the All-wise.
O you who believe, wherefore do you say what you do not? Very hateful is it to
God, that you say what you do not. God loves those who fight in His way in ranks,
as though they were a building well-compacted.
61:5 And when Moses said to his people, 'O my people, why do you hurt me,
though you know I am the Messenger of God to you?' When they swerved, God
caused their hearts to swerve; and God guides never the people of the ungodly.
And when Jesus son of Mary said, 'Children of Israel, I am indeed the Messenger
of God to you, confirming the Torah that is before me, and giving good tidings of a
Messenger who shall come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad.'
Then, when he brought them the clear signs, they said, 'This is a manifest
sorcery.'
And who does greater evil than he who forges against God falsehood, when he is
being called unto surrender? And God guides never the people of the evildoers.
They desire to extinguish with their mouths, the light of God; but God will perfect
His light, though the unbelievers be averse. It is He who has sent His Messenger
with the guidance and the religion of truth, that he may uplift it above every
religion, though the unbelievers be averse.
61:10 O believers, shall I direct you to a commerce that shall deliver you from a
painful chastisement? You shall believe in God and His Messenger, and struggle
in the way of God with your possessions and your selves. That is better for you,
did you but know.

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He will forgive you your sins and admit you into gardens underneath which rivers
flow, and to dwelling-places goodly in Gardens of Eden; that is the mighty
triumph; and other things you love, help from God and a nigh victory. Give thou
good tidings to the believers!
O believers, be you God's helpers, as Jesus, Mary's son, said to the Apostles.
'Who will be my helpers unto God?' The Apostles said, 'We will be helpers of
God.'
And a party of the Children of Israel believed, and a party disbelieved. So We
confirmed those who believed against their enemy, and they became masters.
LXII

CONGREGATION

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


62:1 All that is in the heavens and the earth magnifies God, the King, the All-holy,
the All-mighty, the All-wise.
It is He who has raised up from among the common people a Messenger from
among them, to recite His signs to them and to purify them, and to teach them the
Book and the Wisdom, though before that they were in manifest error, and others
of them who have not yet joined them. And He is the All-mighty, the All-wise.
That is the bounty of God;
He gives it to whom He will,
and God is of bounty
abounding.
62:5 The likeness of those who have been loaded with the Torah then they have
not carried it, is as the likeness of an ass carrying books. Evil is the likeness of
the people who have cried lies to God's signs. God guides never the people of
the evildoers.
Say: 'You of Jewry, if you assert that you are the friends of God, apart from other
men, then do you long for death, if you speak truly.'
But they will never long for it, because of that their hands have forwarded; God
knows the evildoers. Say: 'Surely death, from which you flee, shall encounter you;

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then you shall be returned to the Knower of the Unseen and the Visible, and He
will tell you that you have been doing.'
O believers, when proclamation is made for prayer on the Day of Congregation,
hasten to God's remembrance and leave trafficking aside; that is better for you,
did you but know.
62:10 Then, when the prayer is finished, scatter in the land and seek God's
bounty, and remember God frequently; haply you will prosper.
But when they see merchandise or diversion they scatter off to it, and they leave
thee standing. Say: 'What is with God is better than diversion and merchandise.
God is the best of providers.'
LXIII

THE HYPOCRITES

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


63:1 When the hypocrites come to thee they say, 'We bear witness that thou art
indeed the Messenger of God.' And God knows that thou art indeed His
Messenger, and God bears witness that the hypocrites are truly liars.
They have taken their oaths as a covering, then they have barred from the way of
God. Surely they -- evil are the things they have been doing. That is because they
have believed, then they have disbelieved; therefore a seal has been set on their
hearts, and they do not understand. When thou seest them, their bodies please
thee; but when they speak, thou listenest to their speech, and it is as they were
propped-up timbers. They think every cry is against them. They are the enemy;
so beware of them. God assail them! How they are perverted!
63:5 And when it is said to them, 'Come now, and God's Messenger will ask
forgiveness for you,' they twist their heads, and thou seest them turning their
faces away, waxing proud.
Equal it is for them, whether thou askest forgiveness for them or thou askest not
forgiveness for them; God will never forgive them. God guides not the people of
the ungodly.
Those are they that say, 'Do not expend on them that are with God's Messenger
until they scatter off'; yet unto God belong the treasuries of the heavens and of

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the earth, but the hypocrites do not understand. They say, 'If we return to the City,
the mightier ones of it will expel the more abased'; yet glory belongs unto God,
and unto His Messenger and the believers, but the hypocrites do not know it.
O believers, let not your possessions neither your children divert you from God's
remembrance; whoso does that, they are the losers.
63:10 Expend of what We have provided you before that death comes upon one
of you and he says, 'O my Lord, if only Thou wouldst defer me unto a near term,
so that I may make freewill offering, and so I may become one of the righteous.'
But God will never defer any soul when its term comes. And God is aware of the
things you do.
LXIV

MUTUAL FRAUD

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


64:1 All that is in the heavens and the earth magnifies God. His is the Kingdom,
and His is the praise, and He is powerful over everything.
It is He who created you. One of you is an unbeliever, and one of you a believer;
and God sees the things you do. He created the heavens and the earth with the
truth, and He shaped you, and shaped you well; and unto Him is the
homecoming.
He knows whatever is in the heavens and the earth, and He knows what you
conceal and what you publish. God knows the thoughts within the breasts.
64:5 Has there not come to you the tidings of those that disbelieved before, then
tasted the mischief of their action, and there yet awaits them a painful
chastisement?
That is because their Messengers came to them with the clear signs, and then
they said, 'What, shall mortals be our guides?' Therefore they disbelieved, and
turned away; and God was in no need of them. And God is All-sufficient, Alllaudable.
The unbelievers assert that they will never be raised up. Say: 'Yes indeed, by my
Lord! You shall be raised up, then you shall be told the things you did. That is
easy for God.'

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Therefore
believe
His
Messenger,
Light
which
We
And God is aware of the things you do.

in
and
have

God
in
sent

and
the
down.

Upon the day when He shall gather you for the Day of Gathering; that shall be the
Day of Mutual Fraud. And whosoever believes in God, and does righteousness,
God will acquit him of his evil deeds, and admit him into gardens underneath
which rivers flow, therein to dwell for ever and ever; that is the mighty triumph.
64:10 And those who disbelieved and cried lies to Our signs, those shall be the
inhabitants of the Fire. therein to dwell forever -- an evil homecoming!
No affliction befalls, except it be by the leave of God. Whosoever believes in God,
He will guide his heart. And God has knowledge of everything.
And obey God, and obey the Messenger; but if you turn your backs, it is only for
the Messenger to deliver the Manifest Message.
God -- there is no god but He. And in God let the believers put their trust.
O believers, among your wives and children there is an enemy to you; so beware
of them. But if you pardon, and overlook, and if you forgive, surely God is Allforgiving, All-compassionate.
64:15 Your wealth and your children are only a trial; and with God is a mighty
wage. So fear God as far as you are able, and give ear, and obey, and expend
well for yourselves. And whosoever is guarded against the avarice of his own
soul, those -- they are the prosperers. If you lend to God a good loan, He will
multiply it for you, and will forgive you. God is All-thankful, All-clement, Knower He
of the Unseen and the Visible, the All-mighty, the All-wise.
LXV

DIVORCE

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


65:1 O Prophet, when you divorce women, divorce them when they have reached
their period. Count the period, and fear God your Lord. Do not expel them from
their houses, nor let them go forth, except when they commit a flagrant
indecency. Those are God's bounds; whosoever trespasses the bounds of God

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has done wrong to himself. Thou knowest not, perchance after that God will bring
something new to pass.
Then, when they have reached their term, retain them honourably, or part from
them honourably. And call in to witness two men of equity from among
yourselves; and perform the witnessing to God Himself. By this then is
admonished whosoever believes in God and the Last Day. And whosoever fears
God, He will appoint for him a way out, and He will provide for him from whence
he never reckoned.
And whosoever puts his trust in God, He shall suffice him. God attains his
purpose. God has appointed a measure for everything.
As for your women who have despaired of further menstruating, if you are in
doubt, their period shall be three months; and those who have not menstruated
as yet. And those who are with child, their term is when they bring forth their
burden. Whoso fears God, God will appoint for him, of His command, easiness.
65:5 That is God's command, that He has sent down unto you. And whosoever
fears God, He will acquit him of his evil deeds, and He will give him a mighty
wage.
Lodge them where you are lodging, according to your means, and do not press
them, so as to straiten their circumstances. If they are with child, expend upon
them until they bring forth their burden. If they suckle for you, give them their
wages, and consult together honourably. If you both make difficulties, another
woman shall suckle for him.
Let the man of plenty expend out of his plenty. As for him whose provision is
stinted to him, let him expend of what God has given him. God charges no soul
save with what He has given him. God will assuredly appoint, after difficulty,
easiness.
65:10 How many a city turned in disdain from the commandment of its Lord and
His Messengers; and then We made with it a terrible reckoning and chastised it
with a horrible chastisement. So it tasted the mischief of its action, and the end of
its affair was loss. God prepared for them a terrible chastisement. So fear God, O
men possessed of minds!
Believers, God has sent down to you, for a remembrance, a Messenger reciting
to you the signs of God, clear signs, that He may bring forth those who believe
and do righteous deeds from the shadows into the light. Whosoever believes in

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God, and does righteousness, He will admit him to gardens underneath which
rivers flow; therein they shall dwell for ever and ever. God has made for him a
goodly provision.
It is God who created seven heavens, and of earth their like, between them the
Command descending, that you may know that God is powerful over everything
and that God encompasses everything in knowledge.
LXVI

THE FORBIDDING

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


66:1 O Prophet, why forbiddest thou what God has made lawful to thee, seeking
the good pleasure of thy wives? And God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
God has ordained for you the absolution of your oaths. God is your Protector, and
He is the All-knowing, the All-wise.
And when the Prophet confided to one of his wives a certain matter; and then,
when she told of it, and God disclosed that to him, he made known part of it, and
turned aside from part; then, when he told her of it, she said, 'Who told thee this?'
He said, 'I was told of it by the All-knowing, the All-aware.'
If you two repent to God, yet your hearts certainly inclined; but if you support one
another against him, God is his Protector, and Gabriel, and the righteous among
the believers; and, after that, the angels are his supporters.
66:5 It is possible that, if he divorces you, his Lord will give him in exchange
wives better than you, women who have surrendered, believing, obedient,
penitent, devout, given to fasting, who have been married and virgins too.
Believers, guard yourselves and your families against a Fire whose fuel is men
and stones, and over which are harsh, terrible angels who disobey not God in
what He commands them and do what they are commanded. 'O you unbelievers,
do not excuse yourselves today; you are only being recompensed for what you
were doing.'
Believers, turn to God in sincere repentance; it may be that your Lord will acquit
you of your evil deeds, and will admit you into gardens underneath which rivers
flow.

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Upon the day when God will not degrade the Prophet and those who believe with
him, their light running before them, and on their right hands; and they say, 'Our
Lord, perfect for us our light, and forgive us; surely Thou art powerful over
everything.'
O Prophet, struggle with the unbelievers and the hypocrites, and be thou harsh
with them; their refuge shall be Gehenna -- an evil homecoming!
66:10 God has struck a similitude for the unbelievers -- the wife of Noah, and the
wife of Lot; for they were under two of Our righteous servants, but they betrayed
them, so they availed them nothing whatsoever against God; so it was said,
'Enter, you two, the Fire with those who enter.' God has struck a similitude for the
believers -- the wife of Pharaoh, when she said,
'My Lord, build for me a house in Paradise, in Thy presence, and deliver me from
Pharaoh and his work, and do Thou deliver me from the people of the evildoers.'
And Mary, Imran's daughter, who guarded her virginity, so We breathed into her of
Our Spirit, and she confirmed the Words of her Lord and His Books, and became
one of the obedient.
LXVII

THE KINGDOM

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


67:1 Blessed be He in whose hand is the Kingdom -- He is powerful over
everything -- who created death and life, that He might try you which of you is
fairest in works; and He is the All-mighty, the All-forgiving -- who created seven
heavens one upon another.
Thou seest not in the creation of the All-merciful any imperfection. Return thy
gaze; seest thou any fissure? Then return thy gaze again, and again, and thy
gaze comes back to thee dazzled, aweary.
67:5 And We adorned the lower heaven with lamps, and made them things to
stone Satans; and We have prepared for them the chastisement of the Blaze.
And for those who disbelieve in their Lord there awaits the chastisement of
Gehenna -- an evil homecoming!

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When they are cast into it they will hear it sighing, the while it boils and wellnigh
bursts asunder with rage. As often as a troop is cast into it, its keepers ask them,
'Came there no warner to you?'; They say, 'Yes indeed, a warner came to us; but
we cried lies, saying, "God has not sent down anything; you are only in great
error.
67:10 They also say, 'If we had only heard, or had understood, we would not have
been of the inhabitants of the Blaze.' So they confess their sins. Curse the
inhabitants of the Blaze!
Surely those who fear their Lord in the Unseen -- there awaits them forgiveness
and a great wage.
Be secret in your speech, or proclaim it, He knows the thoughts within the
breasts. Shall He not know, who created? And He is the All-subtle, the All-aware.
67:15 It is He who made the earth submissive to you; therefore walk in its tracts,
and eat of His provision; to Him is the Uprising.
Do you feel secure that He who is in heaven will not cause the earth to swallow
you, the while it rocks? Do you feel secure that He who is in heaven will not loose
against you a squall of pebbles, then you shall know how My warning is? Those
that were before them also cried lies; then how was My horror!
Have they not regarded the birds above them spreading their wings, and closing
them? Naught holds them but the All-merciful. Surely He sees everything.
67:20 Or who is this that shall be a host for you to help you, apart from the Allmerciful? The unbelievers are only in delusion. Or who is this that shall provide
for you if He withholds His provision? No, but they persist in disdain and aversion.
What, is he who walks prone upon his face better guided than he who walks
upright on a straight path?
Say: 'It is He who produced you, and appointed for you hearing and sight and
hearts; little thanks you show!' Say: 'It is He who scattered you in the earth, and
unto Him you shall be mustered.'
67:25 They say, 'When shall this promise come to pass, if you speak truly?' Say:
'The knowledge is with God; I am only a clear warner.'

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Then, when they see it nigh at hand, the faces of the unbelievers will be vexed,
and it will be said, 'This is what you were promised.'
Say: 'What think you? If God destroys me and those with me, or has mercy on us,
then who will protect the unbelievers from a painful chastisement?'
Say: 'He is the All-merciful. We believe in Him, and in Him we put all our trust.
Assuredly, you will soon, know who is in manifest error.
67:30 Say: 'What think you? If in the morning your water should have vanished
into the earth, then who would bring you running water?'
LXVIII

THE PEN

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate


68:1 Nun
By the Pen, and what they inscribe, thou art not, by the blessing of thy Lord, a
man possessed. Surely thou shalt have a wage unfailing; surely thou art upon a
mighty morality. So thou shalt see, and they will see, which of you is the
demented.
Surely thy Lord knows very well those who have gone astray from His way, and
He knows very well those who are guided.
So obey thou not those who cry lies. They wish that thou shouldst compromise,
68:10 then they would compromise. And obey thou not every mean swearer,
backbiter, going about with slander, hinderer of good, guilty aggressor, coarsegrained, moreover ignoble, because he has wealth and sons.
68:15 When Our signs are recited to him, he says, 'Fairy-tales of the ancients!'
We shall brand him upon the muzzle!
Now We have tried them, even as We tried the owners of the garden when they
swore they would pluck in the morning and they added not the saving words.
Then a visitation from thy Lord visited it, while they were sleeping,

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68:20 and in the morning it was as if it were a garden plucked. In the morning
they called to one another, 'Come forth betimes upon your tillage, if you would
pluck!' So they departed, whispering together, 'No needy man shall enter it today
against your will.'
68:25 And they went forth early, determined upon their purpose. But when they
saw it, they said, 'Surely we are gone astray; nay, rather we have been robbed!'
Said the most moderate of them, 'Did I not say to you, "Why do you not give
glory?"' They said, 'Glory be to God, our Lord; truly, we were evildoers.'
68:30 And they advanced one upon another, blaming each other. They said,
'Woe, alas for us! Truly, we were insolent. It may be that our Lord will give us in
exchange a better than it; to our Lord we humbly turn.'
Such is the chastisement; and the chastisement of the world to come, is
assuredly greater, did they but know. Surely for the godfearing shall