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Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a bacteria that has been isolated from sea water, shell fish, finfish, plankton, and

salt springs. It has been a major cause of food poisoning in Japan and the Japanese have done several studies on it. They have confirmed the presence of V. parahaemolyticus in the north and central Pacific with the highest abundance in inshore waters, particularly in or near large harbors. A man named Nishio studied the relationship between the chloride content of sea water and the seasonal distribution of V. parahaemolyticus in sea water and concluded that while the isolation of V. parahaemolyticus was independent of the sodium chloride content, the distribution of V. parahaemolyticus in sea water was dependent on the water temperature. In fact, it has been isolated in high frequencies during summer, from June to September, but was not isolated with the same frequency in winter. Within four or five days after eating contaminated foods, a person will begin to experience diarrhea, the most common symptom; this will very often be accompanied by stomach cramps, nausea, and vomiting. Headache and fever, with or without chills, may also be experienced. 55. Which of the following locations would be most likely to have a high concentration of Vibrio parahaemolyticus ? A. a bay B. a sea C. the middle of the ocean D. sediment 56. The safest time for eating seafood is probably A. August B. November C. July D. September 57. The most common symptom of Vibrio parahaemolyticus is A. nausea B. diarrhea C. vomiting D. headache and fever 58. The incubation period for this illness is A. several months B. 2 to 3 days C. 3 to 4 hours D. 4 to 5 days 59. Nishios study showed that A. the presence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus was dependent on neither the salt content nor the water temperature B. the presence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus was dependent on only the salt content C. the presence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus was independent on of both the water temperature

and the salt content D. the presence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus was dependent on the water temperature 60. The word cramp in the reading means most nearly A. noises B. toxicity C. severe pain D. high temperature A recent investigation by scientists at the US Geological Survey shows that strange animal behavior might help predict future earthquakes. Investigators found such occurrences in a ten kilometer radius of the epicenter of a fairly recent quake. Some birds screeched and flew about wildly; dogs yelped and ran around uncontrollably. Scientists believe that animals can perceive these environmental changes as early as several days before the mishap. In 1976 after observing animal behavior, the Chinese were able to predict a devastating quake. Although hundreds of thousands of people were killed, the government was able to evacuate millions of other people and thus keep the death toll at a lower level. 39. What prediction may be made by observing animal behavior ? A. an impending earthquake B. the number of people who will die C. the ten-kilometer radius of the epicenter D. environmental changes. 40. Why can animals perceive these changes when humans cannot ? A. Animals are smarter than humans B. Animals have certain instincts that humans dont possess. C. By running around the house, they can feel the vibrations. D. Humans dont know where to look. 41. Which of the following is not true A. Some animals may be able to sense an approaching earthquake. B. By observing animal behavior scientists perhaps can predict earthquakes. C. The Chinese have successfully predicted an earthquake and saved many lives. D. All birds and dogs in a ten-kilometer radius of the epicenter went wild before the quake. 42. In this passage, the word evacuate most nearly means A. remove B. exile C. destroy D. emaciate 43. If scientists can accurately predict earthquakes, there will be : A. fewer animals going crazy B. a lower death rate

C. fewer people evacuated D. fewer environmental changes.