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INTRODUCTION

Concrete has a substantial strength in Compression but is weak in Tension. Reinforcements in the form of Steel are used to resist the Tensile forces. It has always been the hope to produce structural materials possessing both great ductility and extreme strength. Strength provides load carrying capability while ductility prevents sudden and catastrophic failure. Strength and ductility of simple, homogeneous materials is incompatible, although metals (e.g., mild steel) have served as a good compromise. But, Steel increases the loads on structures,thus increasing the cost for foundation & superstructure. It also undergoes uncurable phenomena of corrosion. Technology greatly demands stronger, lighter and tougher structural materials.

What is GLASS FIBRE

The Glass fibres are formed by drawing the molten material rapidly from a melted batch in a crucible or furnace. They are manufactured as continuous filaments and are chopped to form short fibers. The thickness of Glass Fibre ranges from 0.005mm to 0.75mm & length ranges from 150mm to 6mm.The Glass fibre has a tensile strength over three times stronger than Steel fibre.

Composition Oxide SiO2 CaO MgO B2O3 Al2O3 Fe2O3 % in glass 65 17.5 10 8.0 25 trace Effect on Glass Fibre Properties Very low thermal expansion Resistance to water, acids and alkalis Resistance to water, acids and alkalis Low thermal expansion Improved chemical durability Green colouration

All these compounds are heated in a furnace at a temperature of over 1500 degrees until the mixture melts.

GLASS FIBRE Vs STEEL BARS

Glass Fibres are generally distributed throughout a given cross section whereas steel bars are placed only where required. Fibres are relatively short and closely spaced as compared with continuous reinforcing bars. The ratio of area of reinforcements to the area of concrete obtained is higher in glass fibre. Steel often gets corroded resulting in spalling of concrete whereas Glass fibres are corrosion-resistant.

What is GFRC????

GFRC is a composite material made up of Cement, Fine silica, Alkali resistant (AR) glass Fibre, Chemical Admixtures and Water. GFRC can be moulded to any shape, size or form colour and texture.

Why GFRC????

Unique combination of properties needed most by Construction Industry. The AR property of Glass Fiber, with high Zirconia content (Zro2), as reinforced material provides long-term durability. Glass fibre Reinforcements improve its tensile and flexural strength. It is Environmental friendly.

PROPERTIES OF GFRC

Resistance to weather, corrosion, fire, abrasion, seismic shocks and termites. High density with low porosity. A High Tensile strength, 3-4 times higher than the Steel. The strength of GFRC is determined by Glass content, Fiber size, Fiber compaction & distribution as well as degree of Cure. Light in weight. LIGHTWEIGHT Means Faster unloading, Faster delivery to site, Faster installation, No breakages or Material Loss. GRC products can be designed to be as little as 1/5th of the weight of a comparable concrete product. A 100Kg concrete product requires mechanical lifting; a 20Kg GRC product is a one-man lift.

MATERIAL PROPERTIES OF GFRC

Ultimate Tensile Strength of 1700 MPa. Compressive Strength 45 to 60 MPa. High modulus of elasticity (not stretchy).

ADVANTAGES OF USING GFRC

Light Weight alongwith High Strength. Greater Durability as it is Corrosion Resistant. Choice of Colour/ Texture. Reduced Cement usage per Product. Thermal and Sound insulation. Speeds up the construction. Glass fibers do not have a negative effect on the well-known high compressive strength of concrete. GFRC is Vapour permeable & hence moisture that enters the unit, can escape. Less shrinkage occurs during fabrication. GFRC products are lightweight, easy to handle and fast to erect. GFRC products reduce loadings on buildings leading to significant savings in superstructure and foundations. GFRC is excellent for Rennovation works.

DISADVANTAGES OF USING GFRC

Glass fibre causes Irritation during handling and processing. The integral colour will get lighted due to weathering. The expansion & contraction characteristics of GFRC changes with Moisture content & Thermal Variations. Fiber-reinforced concrete undergoes more Inelastic (unrecoverable) deformation than the Steel-Reinforced concrete.

GFRC In Action (Applications)

GFRC in Architecture : GFRC provides Architects and Engineers with a material from which the most Ambitious designs can be created. It can be Moulded to form Modern Futuristic designs or Carved to Replicate Traditional Historic Features. GFRC in landscaping : In building projects, leisure facilities, urban renewals and municipal schemes, ever-increasing attention is being focused on the built environment. GFRC is playing a major role in enhancing the Natural Beauty. GFRC in Building : The need to produce lighter weight building components has led to significant advancements in the use of GFRC elements. Builders worldwide are appreciating the increase in speed of construction that GFRC provides.

GFRC Roofing : GFRC is an ideal material to use on a variety of roofing structures. It is lightweight but tough, easy to fix and unaffected by weather. Corrugated GFRC sheets are used for industrial and agricultural roofing. GFRC Walls and Windows : GFRCs versatility enables it to be used in different ways in the decoration of walls. Moulded GFRC components such as window sills, doorportals window surrounds & columns can add decoration to residential and commercial buildings. In all cases Glass fibre reinforcement gives a long-lasting and crack-free performance. GFRC Utilities : GFRC provides Protection against both man-made and natural environmental hazards. As GFRC has low resistance to water flow, it is used in design of Sewers. In the Railway industries, GFRC ducts run along the Rail lines to protect both communication & electrical cables. STORM DRAINS : GFRC is also used to design drain pipes to convey Storm Water.

SCOPE

GFRC can be used wherever a Light, Strong, Weather Resistant, Attractive and Fire Retardant material is required. Contractors look more and more to improve site efficiencies. Clients and Designers pay more attention to ways of Guaranteeing the long term Durability of Structures at a Lesser cost. It is likely that the use of this form of REINFORCED CONCRETE will continue to expand, since, it has a number of APPLICATIONS too. THE FUTURE : Recent developments in high performance Glass Fiber Reinforced concrete hold promise in terms of performance and cost-effectiveness.

CONCLUSION

A Properly Designed, Manufactured & Installed GFRC system can provide an Innovative & aesthetically pleasing appearance. Use of GFRC can reduce the Transportation costs, onsite Labour requirements, overall costs & can shorten the construction Schedules. GFRC provides the designer with a complete package that few other materials can match with.

REFERENCES www.grca.co.uk www.concrete.org.uk Google books architexturez.com www.frc.com www.bsfiber.com www.malibu-tech.com

CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION 2. GLASS FIBRE PROPERTIES AND COMPOSITION 3. GLASS FIBRE Vs STEEL BARS 4. GLASS FIBRE REINFORCED CONCRETE (GFRC) --CONSTITUENTS & PROPERTIES 5. ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF GFRC 6. APPLICATIONS OF GFRC 7. SCOPE 8. CONCLUSION 9. REFERENCES

A SEMINAR REPORT ON

GLASS FIBRE REINFORCED CONCRETE

WHEEL SPIN

2008

SUBMITTED BY
Mr. ARIHANT BAID THIRD YEAR (B.E CIVIL) B.D.C.O.E, SEVAGRAM Mr.PANKAJ WAGHMARE THIRD YEAR (B.E CIVIL) B.D.C.O.E, SEVAGRAM

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING BAPURAO DESHMUKH COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING , SEVAGRAM (WARDHA) - 442102

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