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INDEX

Aboriginal people
see bodies
see children
ceremonial life, 937
see Eora
see Guugu Yimidhirr, Aboriginal people
see land
see Nunukul, Aboriginal people
see resistance
see Tasmania, Aboriginal people
Aborigines Committee, 9, 18, 13968
agriculture, 3, 9, 13, 18, 22, 39, 489, 54, 88,
117, 125, 1289, 151, 153, 154, 181
alcohol, 78, 132, 137
Anderson, Kay, 95
Arabanoo, Cammeraygal man, 77, 79
Aitcheson, Captain, 147
Arthur, George, Governor of Tasmania, 143,
159, 161, 169
Atkinson, Alan, 72, 136

Belich, James, 3, 12, 101


Bennelong, Wahngal man, 7781, 181
in England, 79
relationship with Collins, 79
see Barrangaroo
Bhabha, Homi, 93
Bigge, J. T., 107
Binney, Judith, 85, 1278,
Bligh, William, Governor, 118
bodies
adornment of, 33, 35, 37, 44, 47
descriptions of, 334, 42, 446, 54, 57,
66, 85
clothing of, 22, 37, 42
nudity of, 2, 11, 22, 42, 47, 57
tattooing, 22, 334, 112, 127
Borch, Merete, 65
Botany Bay, 44, 48, 51, 615, 68
Bougainville, Louis-Antoine
voyage of, 29
Bourke, Richard, Governor, 171
Boyce, James, 6970.
Boyd incident, 1216, 130, 138, 182
British Admiralty, 21
Broughton, William, Archdeacon, 143, 144,
145, 146, 152, 1545, 160, 161, 166
Burton, Antoinette, 34
Busby, James, 6, 1712
Buxton, Thomas Fowell, 139
Byron, John, 21

Copyright

Ballantyne, Tony, 15, 34


Banks, Joseph, 1, 2152, 634, 1089, 111,
133, 141
Banner, Stuart, 15
Barrangaroo, 80
see also Bennelong
Baudin, Nicholas, 117
expedition to Australia, 117
see also Good, John
see also Pron, Franois
Baylin, Bernard, 4
Bayly, C. A., 13, 17, 111
Bay of Islands, 6, 11011
Bay of Plenty, 39
Beaglehole, J. C., 21, 27, 57
Beecham, John, 156

Caley, George, 1089, 1367


Cambell, J. T., 1323, 137
see also Philo Free libel case
cannibalism, 356, 43, 48, 55, 58, 70,
1212, 180
canoes, 22, 42, 45

227

228

Race and Identity in the Tasman World

Carey, William, 103


Carlyle, Thomas, 8
Carteret, Phillip, 21
ceremony, see corroboree
children, 89, 100, 102, 11214, 123, 135
categorization of the children of colonists
in New South Wales, 135
comparison between Aboriginal and Mori,
102
removal of, 113
Christianity, 1035, 108, 115, 134
Catholicism, 108
relationship to civilization, 103, 124,
128, 130, 133, 140, 151, 156, 158,
161
Church Missionary Society, 99100, 114,
125, 133, 144
class, language of, 11, 2930, 92, 135, 153,
164
climate
depictions of impact on races, 534
Clendinnen, Inga, 72
Coates, Dandeson, 165, 172
Colebe, Cadagal man, 778
Coleman, Deirdre, 63, 72, 78
Collins, David, 8, 9, 18, 6197, 106, 109,
123, 133
An Account of the Colony in New South
Wales, 6197
as judge advocate of NSW, 61, 71, 76
as author, 667
as historian, 61
concern for reputation of NSW colony,
83
relationship with Bennelong, 79
colonies
discourse surrounding establishment of,
36, 40, 502, 55, 625, 69
expansion of, 81, 8892
moral basis of, 50
reputation in metropole, 83
utopian visions for, 55
commerce, 5, 2930, 33, 467, 55, 59, 635,
85, 87, 100, 110, 115, 121, 124, 128,
149, 150, 151, 153, 164, 181, 183
depictions of lack of Aboriginal interest
in, 1367
depictions of Mori industry, 115, 151

and idea of improvement, 55


empire and profits, 84, 87, 92, 12930,
132, 149, 150, 154, 155, 175
see also reciprocity
Committee on Transportation, House of
Commons, see colonies, discourse surrounding establishment of
compensation for colonization, 155
see also, land, compensation for loss of
Cook, James, 4, 8, 16, 18, 2161, 68, 73, 76,
84, 122, 128, 180, 181
death of, 26, 60
justification of violence, 32
as remembered in history, 268
as a scientist, 567
understandings of Aboriginal happiness,
478
Cook voyages, 2160, 141, 173, 181
scientific aspects, 27
second, 526
Connor, John, 72
contemporary impacts of historical racial
discourse, 183
convicts, 5, 13, 62, 65, 68, 702, 758, 83,
88, 91, 104, 1078, 124, 135, 163, 166,
175
emancipists, 8892
Irish convicts, 1078
punishment of, 107, 108
rights of, 71
corroboree, 937
see, resistance, psychological
cross-cultural encounters, see encounters,
cross-cultural
cultivation, see also agriculture, 33, 36, 39,
54, 125, 128, 132
Currey, David, 7980
Curthoys, Ann, 34

Copyright

Dampier, William, 8, 21, 42, 45, 57, 67


Das Voltas Bay, 62
Dening, Greg, 27
Denoon, Donald, 3, 12
de Vattel, Emeric, 49
Dirks, Nicholas, 17
Dixon, Robert, 68
dispossession, see land
Douglas, Bronwyn, 14, 43

Index
Douglas, James, Lord Morton, 2930, 140
Hints, 29, 32
Dusky Bay, 52
education
see Parramatta Mori Seminary
see Parramatta Native Institution
Elbourne, Elizabeth, 157
Elder, John Rawson, 101
Elland Society, 1067
empire
connection to science, 278, 50, 523,
56
connection to voyaging, 27
encounters, cross cultural, 8, 1011, 15,
223, 27, 29, 32, 37, 402, 456, 48,
52, 55, 58, 62, 59
absence of, 42, 62
effects of ongoing, 5960
withdrawal from, 424, 48, 57
sexual, 589, 70
Endeavour River, 44
Enlightenment thought, 11, 15, 18, 3840,
80
warfare in, 38
Eora, 9, 2, 44, 6781, 937
Etherington, Norman, 100
ethnography, 21, 25, 313, 44, 62, 83, 85,
118
ethnology, 9, 33, 43, 47, 67, 7980, 88, 94
of absence, 22, 41, 46
and relationships, 7980
Evans, Raymond, 69, 712, 76
Europeans
as inappropriate colonists, 89, 114, 125,
129, 144, 151, 163, 172
evangelization, 99100, 1034, 133

229

Forster, Johann Reinhold, 526, 63


fortifications, see pa Mori fortifications
frontier
conflict, 17, 91
economic frontier, 83
New Zealand as a frontier of New South
Wales, 7, 81, 838
Frost, Alan, 26, 48, 55, 65
Furneaux, Tobias, 52
gardens, see agriculture, cultivation
Gascoigne, John, 11, 68, 135
gender, 22, 34, 69, 101, 11720
representation of in Aboriginal society,
7980, 11720
representation of in Mori society, 27, 86
in missionary roles, 113
in racial thought, 80
masculinity, 27, 2931, 33
see also motherhood, representation of
Gipps, George, 7, 177
Good, John
analysis of Baudins journal, 11820
in Eclectic Review, 117
government orders, 6, 75, 91, 108, 100, 130
Griffiths, Tom, 71
Grose, Francis, Lieutenant-Governor, 91,
106
Guha, Ranajit, 14
Gunson, Neil, 113
Guugu Yimidhirr, Aboriginal people, 456

Copyright

farming, see agriculture, cultivation


Finucane, James, Lieutenant, 1214, 133,
182
Flax, see resources
Ferguson, Adam, 38
First Fleet, 61, 65, 67, 71, 103
Flood, Josephine, 72
food, 2, 35, 456, 51, 58, 110, 128
scarcity of, 75, 789
Forster, Georg, 52

Haebich, Anna, 113


Hall, Catherine, 8, 106, 112
Hall, William, 114, 124
haka, see resistance, ritual challenge in
happiness, Aboriginal as understood by
Cook, 478
Harley, J. B., 87
Hassell, Thomas, 11314
Hawaii, 26, 60
Hawkesbury River, 62, 72, 83, 8893, 106,
158
Hawkesworth, John, 21, 339, 412, 459,
50, 56, 64, 67
Heads of a Plan, 65
Hempenstall, Peter, 3, 12
hierarchy

230

Race and Identity in the Tasman World

perceptions of, 1, 18, 379, 47, 65, 856,


94, 11112, 114, 131, 137, 181
history writing and historical scholarship, 1,
12, 22, 25, 107, 179
perceptions of equality within, 2, 27, 182
comparative, 2, 14, 99, 102, 183
conflict in, 72
convicts in, 6971
cyclical understandings of, 56
differences between Australian and New
Zealand, 101
imperial histories in, 13
importance of movement in, 14, 16, 56
indigenous people as agents within, 15, 26
national, 12, 13, 17, 101
networks in, 11
representation of racial hierarchy in, 23,
102
representation of sexuality in, 28
representation of violence in, 28, 78, 85,
901
silences in, 101
transnational, 34, 15, 99
understandings of resistance in, 14,
1617, 723, 78, 183
Hobson, William, 7, 10, 1716
Hongi Hika, Nga Puhi chief, 101, 128
Howe, Kerry, 12
Hughes, Robert, 101
humanitarianism, 9
Huru, Muriwhenua man, 848, 109, 128

as historical agents, 15, 26, 723


Irschick, Eugene, 14
Johnson, Richard, 1067, 114
Kaingaroa, 128
see also Hongi Hika
Karskens, Grace, 72
Keegan, Timothy, 149
Kendall, Thomas, 124, 128
Kerikeri, 6
Khoi, South African indigenous peoples,
139, 147
Kidnapping, 5, 9, 31, 769, 848
King, John, 115, 124
King, Phillip Gidley, 1, 5, 62, 838, 107,
10912, 121, 128, 118, 130, 188
Kociumbas, Jan, 102
Kohen, J. L., 67

Copyright
identities
comparison in creation of, 1213
see also history writing and historical
scholarship
imperial and colonial sources, 2, 7, 10, 12,
323, 38, 40, 478, 66, 73, 87, 95, 103,
11720, 179
circulation of, 10
comparison within, 2, 33, 47, 66, 179, 183
elite documents, 14
foundational texts, 10
printed texts, 7
silences within, 76, 1001, 112, 137, 183
imperial possibility
discourse of, 8, 36, 502, 55, 63
indigenous people

labour, 11, 118, 128, 157, 181


Aboriginal labour, 111, 152, 153
Aboriginal labour and convicts, 71
Mori labour, 111, 128, 151
Pacific Islander labour, 111
views of industry, 128, 1367
Laidlaw, Ze, 144
Lake, Marilyn, 34
Lamb, Jonathan, 42
Lambert, David, 102
Lampert, Ronald, 67
land, 1, 7, 50, 7983, 87, 902, 169, 180
Aboriginal assertions of relations to, 19,
801, 146
Aboriginal dispossession from, 2, 3,
8892, 99, 130
Aboriginal knowledge of, 44
Aboriginal relationship to, 44, 49, 678,
745, 80, 81, 88, 141, 177
British views of Aboriginal relationship
to, 8, 18, 7980, 88, 136, 143
British views of Mori relationship to, 8,
18, 39, 878, 1268, 164, 173
defence of, see resistance, defence of land
ceremony and relationships with, 93
compensation for loss of, 156, 170, 173
holding by colonial officials, 92, 99, 106,
109, 125

Index
lack of negotiation in Australia, 7, 127
perception of lack of modification, 423,
48
rights to, 13, 140, 141, 143, 155, 165,
168, 173, 17686
sale of, 64, 127, 131, 164, 175, 176
Lang, John Dunmore, 142, 143,155
Langton, Marcia, 78
language, 24, 30, 37, 64, 75, 76, 90, 112
legal proceedings
status of Aboriginal evidence in, 90
Lemain, 62, 64, 65
Lester, Alan, 8, 11, 102, 139, 144, 149
Locke, John, 489
London Missionary Society, 144
Lord, Simeon, 121
MacKinnon, Crystal, 17
Macquarie, Lachlan, Governor, 121, 1245,
130, 132, 134, 182
McClintock, Anne, 31
mana, Mori concept of authority or honour, 101, 127
Manne, Robert, 72
Mori
see warriors
see land
see resistance
as sailors, 110, 115
Independence, Declaration of, 6
Marsden, Elizabeth, 112
Marsden, Samuel, 6, 9, 18, 99138, 141,
144, 149, 150, 154, 164, 172, 182
A Few Observations on the Toleration of
the Catholic Religion in New South
Wales, 1078
as magistrate, 99, 1079
as pastoralist, 1067
ideas of convicts, 101
in Eclectic Review, 11720
hostile relationships, see Philo Free libel
case, 132
land owning, 99, 1068, 125
reputation as flogging parson, 99101
silence on Aboriginal people
Marshall, P. J.
masculinity, see gender, masculinity

231

M-Tara, son of T Pahi, Hikutu chief, 112,


122
Matra, James Maria, 623
Mein-Smith, Philippa, 3, 12
metropole and periphery, see also imperial
and colonial sources
relationship between, 9, 1011, 1516,
32, 35, 38, 40, 478, 42, 83, 87, 95,
11718, 133, 140, 160, 180
military raids, 122
see also resistance, military role in suppressing
Millis, Roger, 7, 142
missionaries, 9, 99, 1035, 12832, 137,
144, 147, 148, 156, 158, 163, 169, 172,
176, 183
and gender, 113
missions, 100, 102, 115, 121, 12433
establishment of New Zealand, 115, 121,
12432
moko, see, bodies, tattooing
Morris, Barry, 146
Morton, Lord, see James Douglas
motherhood, representation of, 119, 123
Monboddo, Lord, 56, 68
Morgan, Jennifer L., 119
Mulvaney, D. J., 90
Muriwhenua, region of New Zealand, 9, 85

Copyright
Native Americans, 49
native title, 177
Nepean, Evan, 65
See Heads of a Plan
Newton-King, Susan, 157
New Zealand Association, 7
Nicholas, John Liddiard, 124
noble savagery, idea of, 11720
nomadism, 16, 19, 67, 71, 75, 80, 134, 136,
157, 175, 181
ideas of, 3, 16, 75, 80, 136
plans to curb, 1545, 156
Norfolk Island, 9, 838, 109
Normanby, Lord, 10, 171,173
North America, 8, 49, 62, 1034, 156, 169,
176
North Island, of New Zealand, 36, 534, 87
nudity, see bodies, nudity of, 11
Nuenonne, Aboriginal people, 578

232

Race and Identity in the Tasman World

Nunukul, Aboriginal people, 76


Obeyesekere, Gananath, 26
Orange, Claudia, 6, 171, 173, 183
pa, Mori fortifications, 22, 356, 42, 145
Pacific Islands, 8, 279, 33, 56, 69, 151, 163
depictions of racial divisions within, 53
in history writing, 29
Pacific Islanders, 6, 70
Pagden, Anthony, 49
Parkinson, Sydney, 22, 29
Parramatta, 9, 62, 89, 93, 10001, 1068,
11112, 117, 125, 1323
Parramatta Mori Seminary, 133
Parramatta Native Institution, 1325
passivity, depiction of Aboriginal see resistance
pastoralism, 63, 106, 109, 117, 1278
Pearson, W. H., 28, 31, 38, 47
Pron, Franois, 11720
see also Good, John
Peters-Little, Frances, 93
Peterson, R. C., 104
Phillip, Arthur, 61, 65, 689, 70, 76, 78, 81
instructions of collect knowledge of
Aboriginal people, 65
ideas on convicts, 69
Phillips, Richard, 88
physical features, descriptions of see, bodies
population,
discourses of population decline, 1367,
146, 166, 182
discourses of population density, 18, 22,
489, 54, 634, 123, 1445, 146, 173
size of Aboriginal, 634, 70, 49, 145, 173
size of Mori, 114, 145, 173
Port Jackson, 62
Poverty Bay, 25, 38
Pownall, Thomas, 49
Pratt, Reverend Josiah, 101
Pritchard, James Cowles, 66, 95
Philip, John, missionary in South Africa,
139, 147
Philo Free libel case, 132
see also Campbell, J. T.
see also Marsden, Samuel
Pocock, J. G. A., 3940

political structures, 11, 13, 38, 423, 48,


51, 54, 646, 79, 83, 1301, 165, 167,
174, 181
Porter, Andrew, 1534
protection,
ideas of, 6, 36, 110, 126, 130
policies of, 139, 155, 157, 165, 166, 168,
172, 175
Pratt, Mary Louise, 28
Queen Charlottes Sound, 52, 58
racial discourse, 19, 53, 66, 1035, 11720
see also bodies
see also children
see also skin colour
categorisation of the children of colonists
in New South Wales, 135
changing nature of, 41, 60
fatal impact in, 102
ideas of quality within, 135
ideas of improvement in, 55
ideas of religious ideas in, 66, 79, 867,
94, 1035
stereotypes in, 10
signifiers, 10
racial hierarchy, ideas of, 2, 12, 17, 66, 97,
102,166, 181, 1035, 120, 134
reversal of usual, 1234, 181
importance in national identities, 12
see history writing and scholarship, representation of racial hierarchy in
see imperial and colonial sources
racial thought
importance of indigenous resistance to
development of, 14
Rangihoua mission station, 100
Rarotonga, 134
reciprocity, 46
religion
see racial discourse, ideas of religious
ideas in,
see, Chistianity
resistance, 14, 19, 23, 456, 51, 61, 635,
689, 729, 81, 90, 937, 108, 158,
159, 160
as shaped by indigenous culture, 15,
745, 81, 937

Copyright

Index
belief in lack of Aboriginal, 61, 64, 68,
70, 635, 69, 73
expectation of Mori, 70, 111
military role in suppressing, 756, 79, 108
ritual challenge in, 30, 37
psychological, 937
scope of, 1617, 72, 73, 689, 937
defence of land, 16, 1819, 367, 3940,
49, 59, 90, 1268, 155, 165, 181
see unoffending
resources, 1, 5, 41, 501, 73, 11011, 121,
123, 125
British access to, 180
flax, 1, 50, 63, 65, 848, 123, 128, 151
minerals, 50
timber, 1, 50, 63, 65, 845, 87, 125, 128,
151
Reynolds, Henry, 735, 77, 97, 136, 1412
Robinson, George Augustus, 143, 152, 160
Rowse, Tim, 18
Royal Society, 21, 32, 53, 56
see also Douglas, James, Lord Morton
Ruatara, 101, 115, 1267, 176
Russell, Lynette, 17
Russell, Penny, 69
Ryan, Lyndall, 91
Ryan, Simon, 88

233

South Australia, 170


South Island of New Zealand, 6, 50, 524,
58
sovereignty, 1, 6, 7, 68, 88, 142, 164, 1739,
1823
discourses of, 1819, 36, 40
stadial theory, 11, 33, 54, 68
family government, 667
Stanner, W. E. H., 89
state of nature, 51, 54, 678, 80
state power
relationship with racial discourse, 183
Stepan, Nancy, 66
Stockenstrom, Andreas, 1578, 169
Stocking, George, 11
Stoler, Ann Laura, 14
Stone, Lawrence, 17
superiority
ideas of, 13, 39, 105
recognition of, 38
Sydney, New South Wales, 5, 6181
see also Port Jackson

Copyright

Sahlins, Marshall, 26
Salmond, Anne, 23, 27, 85, 111
Samson, Jane, 149
San, South African indigenous people, 95,
157
Scott, Archdeacon, 101
sealing, 3, 56, 115, 128
sexuality, 289, 58, 70
Sinclair, Keith, 5, 12
slavery, 1035
abolition of British, 139
skin colour, 10, 22, 412, 53, 1801
discourses of blackness, 34, 42, 57, 63,
1801
likeness to Europeans, 34, 181
smallpox, 77
Smith, Bernard, 22, 56
Smith, Keith Vincent, 78
Smith, Sydney, 66
South Africa, 8, 139, 145, 163

Tahiti, 235, 28, 31, 34, 412, 48, 50, 113


Tasman world
As an analytic tool, 183
Tasmania, 5, 578, 601, 69, 109, 11819,
1434, 159, 160, 163
Tasmanian Aboriginal people, 578,
11720, 144, 159, 1602, 182
Taussig, Michael, 17
Tench, Watkin, 9
Te Aara, Ngatiuru chief, 130
Te Maro, Ngati Oneone chief, 256
Te Pahi, Hikutu chief, 12, 111, 1212,
127, 133
Pt Puhi, Ngatiuru chief, 130
Te Rakao, Rongwhakaata chief, 31
Te Taonui, 176
Thomas, Nicholas, 27, 545
Thorpe, Bill, 69
Threlkeld, Lancelot, 144
Tierra del Fuego, 41, 47, 545
timber, see resources
Toongabbie, 106
Travel, 32
Between New Zealand and Australia, 4,
6, 9, 12, 41, 63, 99100, 1301, 175

234

Race and Identity in the Tasman World

Wade, Colonel, 147


Wallis, Samuel, 21, 25, 289
waka, see canoes
wero, see resistance, ritual challenge
wandering, see nomadism
warfare, see also warriorhood, 6, 72
warriorhood, 278, 33, 35, 3740, 478, 51,
64, 123, 131
negative depiction of, 59
warriors, 3, 1617, 225, 30, 39, 111, 122,
181
weaponry, 18, 302, 39, 445, 48, 64, 75,
79, 90, 122, 1312
Western Australia, 159
Wentworth, William Charles, 7, 9, 66,
1323, 1357, 166, 176
United Tribes of New Zealand, 6
Statistical Account of the Settlements in
unoffending
Australasia, 1356
Aboriginal people as, 1617, 689,
Wesleyan Missionary Society, 156
746, 165, 181
whaling, 56, 11112, 115, 121, 123, 128
Mori as, 165, 171, 173
Wheeler, Roxann, 10, 95
utu, Mori concept of taking revenge, 59, 131
Williams, Glyndwr, 11, 27, 41
Willmerang, Eora man, 78
Van Diemens Land, see Tasmania
Wilson, Bishop Thomas, 1035
Victoria, 170
The Knowledge and Practice of Christianvillages, 145
ity Made Easy, 1035
violence, 13, 1618, 23, 267, 2933, 378,
44, 50, 59, 702, 75, 85, 8993, 105,
Windschuttle, Keith, 91
1078, 120, 1256, 130, 136, 138, 158, Wolski, Nathan, 934
159, 160, 166, 173
women, see gender
and colonial control, 17, 77
Woolmington, Jean, 102
justification of, 32, 90, 1089
legitimation of, 17
Xhosa, South African indigenous peoples,
normalization of, 76
139, 147, 148, 169
regulation of, 902, 10810, 130
Yarwood, A. T., 102
threat of, 28
Yate, William, 144, 145, 146, 149, 150, 152,
vulnerability, 32
156, 164, 167
in voyaging accounts, 32, 37
treaties, 1687
importance of in contemporary contexts,
182
treaty making as negative, 1689
Tristan, Aboriginal boy raised in Samuel
Marsdens family, 11216, 135, 152, 154
Treaty of Waitangi, 7, 10, 13, 19, 140,
1717, 179, 182
Waitangi Tribunal, 13
Tuki, Muriwhenua man, 848, 109, 111,
128, 141, 180
drawing of map, 868
Tupaia, 30, 45
Turnbull, Clive, 91
Tyrrell, Ian, 12

Copyright