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Physiology Practice Questions Which of the following is a characteristic of the parasympathetic nervous system A. B. C. D. E.

Cell bodies leave the spinal cord at the level of Lumbar and Thoracic All axons are myelinated Preganglionic axons are long and postganglionic axons are short All postganglionic axons innervate in ganglion close to the effector organ All postganglionic cells use muscarine as the neurotransmitter

What kind of receptors will be on the genitalia, to initiate the second part of the Point and Shoot response? A. B. C. D. E. A1 M3 B2 M1 B1

A patient comes into the hospital complaining of a panic attack. She is 54, and took what she thought was a muscle relaxant for her back, but may have mixed up her medications. She shows symptoms of racing heartbeat and thick mucus, but upon examination, showed normal bronchiole volume and has not complained of constipation. What Receptor does the mystery drug seem to be working on? Do you think it is the drug she described? A. B. C. D. E. B1, no A1, yes B2, no M3, no M2, yes

Use the following picture to answer the next two questions

Data was collected from a neuron over time to create the following graph. Each number in the body of the graph refer to EPSP events , as recorded in the axon of the neuron. The action potentials observed occurred at events 4 and 5 only, because... A. B. C. D. E. The first three events were too low to cause an AP at the axon hillock The fourth event was summating the activity of the prior events to cause an action potential The first three event were inhibitory and the fourth and fifth were excitatory The potassium channels were not stimulated enough to cause an action potential Only some of the sodium channels opened, causing a small action potential

In this graph the Hyperpolarization is best identified by the activity of the ______ channels and at time ____ A. B. C. D. E. Na channels, 1 Ca channels, 2 K channels, 3 K channels, 2 Na channels, 2

Please use the following graph to answer the question (sorry that its hard to interpret)

For this graph the dark line represents the depolarization at a point on the dendrite(normal). If the Rm was doubled, which line would represent the effects best? A. B. C. D. E. A B (no change) C D None of the above

Neurotransmitter travels across the synapse, and causes an effect on the post synaptic neuron. This is an example of a ____________________ where the neurotransmitter __________________________ A. B. C. D. E. Voltage gated channel, enters the cell and depolarizes the neuron Stretch activated channel, causes the membrane to contract and then depolarize Ligand gated channel, enters the cell and depolarizes the neuron Voltage gated channel, causes the influx of Calcium ions None of the above

An athlete comes to your office claiming that he has difficulty performing because he constantly gets stressed out in the final quarter, and the ball just slips out of his sweaty hands. He loves the adrenaline and getting his juices pumping but just cant deal with the sweat. Beyond practice and coaching, what pharmacological treatment would you recommend? A. B. C. D. E. A B1 blocker An M3 inhibitor A B2 agonist An M2 agonist Curare

In little children , younger than 2, the reason that they often wet their pants uncontrollably is because they have not yet developed the cerebral pathways to.... A. B. C. D. E. Attend to the stretch receptors of their bladder Relax their external sphincter and contract their internal sphincter Relax their external sphincter and their internal sphincter Contract their external sphincter and their internal sphincter Contract their external sphincter and their Prudendal nerve

If a neuron receives the following signals from all of its synapsed neurons, which one(s) will initiate an action potential? NB: The neuron requires a difference of 50 to cause an action potential I 50 EPSP, 30 IPSP, 40 IPSP, 20 IPSP

II 80 IPSP, 2 EPSP, 20 EPSP, 20 IPSP, 20 EPSP III 50 IPSP, 35 IPSP, 43 IPSP, 200 EPSP, 35 IPSP, 50 EPSP IV 0 IPSP, 48 EPSP A. B. C. D. E. I, III III, IV III only I only II only