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Education (also called learning, teaching or schooling) in the general sense is any act or experience that lhas a formative

effect on the mind, character, or physical ability of an individual. In its technical sense, education is the process by which society deliberately transmits its accumulated knowledge, skills, and values from one generation to another.

Educational Issues By Melissa Kelly, About.com Guide Sometimes it seems that teachers have to deal with much more than humanly possible. Not only do they have to teach and try to meet the needs of so many different students, but they are also expected to keep up with the latest educational reforms. The truth is that many educational issues face teachers each and every day. This section focuses on the major educational issues that face teachers and administrators today.

Education is the process by which people learn:


Instruction refers to the facilitating of learning, by a tutor or teacher. Teaching refers to the actions of an instructor to impart learning to the student. Learning refers to those who are taught, with a view toward preparing them with specific knowledge, skills, or abilities that can be applied upon completion.

Systems of formal education Preschool education or Infant education is the provision of education for children before the commencement of statutory and obligatory education, usually between the ages of zero and three or five, depending on the jurisdiction. Primary education is the first stage of compulsory education. It is preceded by pre-school or nursery education and is followed by secondary education. In North America, this stage of education is usually known as elementary education and is generally followed by middle school. In most countries, it is compulsory for children to receive primary education, though in many jurisdictions it is permissible for parents to provide it. The transition to secondary school or high school is somewhat arbitrary, but it generally occurs at about eleven or twelve years of age. Some educational systems have separate middle schools with the transition to the final stage of education taking place at around the age of fourteen. The major goals of primary education are achieving basic literacy and numeracy amongst all pupils, as well as establishing foundations in science, mathematics, geography, history and other social sciences.

The relative priority of various areas, and the methods used to teach them, are an area of considerable political debate. Secondary education is the stage of education following primary education. Secondary education is generally the final stage of compulsory education. However, secondary education in some countries includes a period of compulsory and a period of non-compulsory education. The next stage of education is usually college or university. Secondary education is characterized by transition from the typically compulsory, comprehensive primary education for minors to the optional, selective tertiary, "postsecondary", or "higher" education (e.g., university, vocational school) for adults. Depending on the system, schools for this period or a part of it may be called secondary schools, high schools, gymnasia, lyceums, middle schools, colleges, vocational schools and preparatory schools, and the exact meaning of any of these varies between the systems. Higher education is an educational level that follows the completion of a school providing a secondary education, such as a high school, secondary school, or gymnasium. Tertiary education is normally taken to include undergraduate and postgraduate education, as well as vocational education and training. Colleges, universities, and institutes of technology are the main institutions that provide tertiary education (sometimes known collectively as tertiary institutions). Examples of institutions that provide post-secondary education are vocational schools, community colleges, independent colleges (e.g. institutes of technology), and universities in the United States, the institutes of technical and further education in Australia, CEGEPs in Quebec, and the IEKs in Greece. They are sometimes known collectively as tertiary institutions. Completion of tertiary education generally results in the awarding of certificates, diplomas, or academic degrees.

Adult education
Main article: Adult education Adult education has become common in many countries. It takes on many forms, ranging from formal class-based learning to self-directed learning and e-learning. A number of career specific courses such as veterinary assisting, medical billing and coding, real estate license, bookkeeping and many more are now available to students through the Internet.
Adult education is the practice of teaching and educating adults. Adult education takes place in the workplace, through 'extension' school (e.g. Harvard Extension) or 'school of continuing education' (Columbia School of Continuing Education). Other learning places include folk high schools, community colleges, and lifelong learning centers.

Why Do We Need Education? Some of the obvious reasons why do we need education are: * Education broadens your horizon and gives you a better understanding of the world around you and how things work. * The world needs education as it is the basis of a civilized structured society. * Another reason why we need education is because it reduces social and economic disparity, allowing progress to be equally shared. * Advancements in all fields, including science and technology are made possible through education. * Studies indicate that educated people have longer life expectancies. They also tend to exercise more and play more sports. The also understand the implications of diet and lifestyle on their health enabling them to make healthy choices. * On an average, educated people have jobs that are more meaningful and interesting than those held by uneducated people. They are usually in a position to make decisions at work. This results in higher job satisfaction that often also contributes to better quality of life. * Educated people are found to have higher self-esteem. Their lives are more planned and thus have more direction. They have better problems solving skills and are consequently better equipped to handle everyday decisions. * Another trend noticed, is that children of educated parents are more likely to receive an education and have higher cognitive development, than children of uneducated parents. * Educated people are in a better position to contribute more positively to society and even towards the planet, as they understand the implications of their choices and actions. Importance of Education The importance of education is most evident in developing countries. There, it is a means to alleviate poverty and engineer social change. Education has a fundamental role to play in personal and social development. While it isn't a magic pill to solving the problems of the world, it is a ladder that can be used to climb out of poverty, exclusion, ignorance, oppression and war. The children and youth of our times, who will take over from today's adults, need to be equipped with knowledge to usher in a better future. Why is education so important? The first thing that strikes me about education is knowledge gain. Education gives us the knowledge of the world around us. It develops in us a perspective of looking at life. It helps us build opinions and have points of view on everything in life. People debate over the subject of whether education is the only thing that gives knowledge. Some say, education is the process of gaining information about the surrounding world while knowledge is something very different. They are partly right. But the conversion of information to knowledge is possible because of education. Education makes us capable of interpreting rightly the things perceived. Education is not about lessons and poems in textbooks. It is about the lessons of life.

What is the role of a Teacher? Schools are one of the first places where kids behavior and future educational success is shape. Teachers are carriers of either positive or negative behavior toward students. The reason why the first years of school are so critical is because kids learn the base of their educational life. I believe that teachers must love their career in order for them to pass enthusiasm, to assists, and to provide a warm environment to the students. In my opinion teachers are the second mothers for the students because students spend a lot of time with their teachers. At the same time. I believe a real teacher becomes through many years of training and experiences in the field. The same way, mothers are not born being great mothers but as their experiences with their kids expands they become experts on the field. We know that mothers look the best for their kids and one of their goals is to raise their kids so they can become professionals and pioneers for the society. Some of the mothers role toward kids is to give them care, love, respect, lead, instruct and to try to form a safe and pleasant environment at their homes. Are these attitudes of the mothers toward their kids related to what the role of the teacher should be with the students in the classroom? If not, what should be the role of the teachers then? Four Types And Stages In Education Education system has come a long way since its origin. Present day education is much more structured in comparison to yesteryears, when there was no such concept of a formal education system. Education can be defined as the knowledge of putting ones potential into maximum use. It helps a person to make the right decision in the sphere of life. Four Types of education: Usually, there are 3 types of education system as discussed in the following lines. 1. Formal education: Formal education can be defined as a hierarchically structured and chronologically graded education system. It comprises of primary education, higher education and full time professional training. This education system is referred to as mainstream or traditional education. 2. Adult education: As the name suggests, adult education refers to a practice of educating adults. There are different forms of adult education, namely, formal class based learning, e-learning and self-directed learning. There are also some career specific courses that adults can learn. Some of the common career specific courses are real estate license, medical billing, bookkeeping, etc. Most of these courses are available online. 3. Alternative education: This type of education is actually an alternative approach to traditional or mainstream education. This educational alternative is often rooted in several philosophies that are quite different from that of mainstream education. 4. Special education: There are some students who require special learning needs, which are addressed through special education. According to IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act), a child is first identified as one who requires special education support; then, the child is evaluated and on its basis, his/her eligibility is determined. Finally, an Individualized Education Program (IEP) is written and the plan is carried out effectively.