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IAS GENERAL STUDIES PRELIMS AND MAINS INTEGRATED APPROACH (STRATEGY AND GUIDELINES)
Dear friends, this section is aimed at providing you with an integrated approach for the preparation of General Studies paper I & II plus for Prelims. One might wonder, why integrated approach? Why not factual prelims first and descriptive Mains after that? The answer of this question is, nowadays, and even earlier, the major part of the syllabus of Prelims has always been emanating from the syllabus of Mains. So a student who prepares separately the G.S. paper of Prelims and Mains, ends up making his knowledge weak in both the context, i.e. Prelims and Mains and thus, has a very little chance of getting good marks in G.S. paper of Prelims and Mains both. So, in order to develop a holistic approach for scoring good marks in G.S. Prelims and Mains both, we are providing section wise strategy and guideline to ensure a comprehensive preparation of Prelims and Mains. The syllabus of Prelims and Mains is presented here in a different way just to develop the integrated approach in the students during their course of preparation. Because it is not only the hard work but the smart & hard work which ensures your selection. 1. (a) History of India and Indian national movement. (Prelims) (b) History of Modern India and Indian culture (Mains) In both these sections of Prelims and Mains, the major section which needs to be covered thoroughly is Modern India. Starting from 1857 till 1964. And for the Indian culture part of the Mains. Only the cultural section starting from Ancient India till Modern India needs to be covered. References Books: For Prelims (1) NCERT-Modern India. (2) YASHPAL and Grover-Modern India. (3) Bipan Chandra For Mains (1) NCERT-Modern India. (2 ) YASHPAL and Grover-Modern India. (3)Indian culture by spectrum. (4) Bipan Chandra

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2. (a) Indian and world Geography-Physical, social and economic geography of India and the world. (Prelims) (b) Geography of India. - (Mains) In both Prelims and Mains, nowadays the focus has been shifted towards social, economic and physical geography. So the references for the same would be as follows:References Books: For Prelims (a) Goh cheng leong (b) NCERT GOEGRAPHY- class XI and XII (C) Any atlas of latest edition. (d) Following chapters from India:- Land and the people, energy, transport, industry etc. (e) Following chapters of Economic Survey:- Industry, communication. (f) The Hindu. 3. (a)Indian polity and governance- Constitution, Political system, Panchayati Raj. Public policy. Right and issues etc. (Prelims). (b) Constitution of Indian and Indian polity: - (Mains) In both Prelims and Mains, Questions are being asked from the Parliament, current political administrative system, local self government, fundamental rights and duties, and most importantly their applied part. References Books: (a) D.D BASU/ Subhash Kashyap/ B K sharma. (b) One daily newspaper:- The Hindu, (c) Any good monthly magazine. (4) (a) Economic and social development-sustainable development, poverty inclusion, demographics, social sector initiative etc.( Prelims) (b) Current National Issues and Topics of social Relevance ( Mains) This part is intended to test the candidates awareness of current national issues and topics of social relevance in present day India, such as the following: i) The Indian economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. ii) Issues arising from the social and economic exclusion of large section from the benefits for development. iii) Other issues relating to the development and management of human resources. iv) Health issues including the management of Public Health, Health education and ethical concerns regarding health-care, medical research and pharmaceuticals. v) Law enforcement, internal security and related issues such as the preservation of communal harmony. vi) Issues relating to good governance and accountability to the citizens including the maintenance of human right, and of probity in public life. vii) Environmental issues, ecological preservation, conservation of natural resources and national heritage.

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Kindly note that this section is one of the most important sections of both, i.e. Prelims and Mains. Because it has its roots in almost on every section of the syllabus. Whether it is economy, geography, Sc.tech, polity, health, education, welfare, environment, current affairs and traditional part everywhere. So, this section requires a very careful and elaborated form of study. References for both Prelims and Mains are: Following chapters of economic survey and India Year Book in sync with THE Hindu, Yojana, any good monthly magazine: ECONOMIC SURVEY: Agriculture & Food: ENERCY, INFRASTRUCTURE, HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, INTERATIONAL TRADE, INDIA & the GLOBAL ECONOMY.

India Year Book: Agriculture: FOOD & CIVIL SUPPLIES, HEALTH & FAMILY WELFARE, PLANNING, WELFARE, RURAL & URBAN DEVELOPMENT.

Also a reputed book on Indian Economy such as Uma kapila or Mishra & Puri should be referred. For Prelims topics of Ecology and Environment has to be covered in the section only. In relation with the current scenario from any daily newspaper. 5. India and the world. 6. Indias Economic interaction with the world These two sections are related to the following: Indias relation with neighboring countries security and defense related matters, Nuclear policy, economic and trade issues, functions and interaction of various international institutions with India, such as WTO, world bank. IMF etc. Reading References: a. The Hindu. b. Indian Express. c. Any good magazine. d. International Trade Chapter of Economic Survey. (7) (a) General Science ( Prelims). (b) Developments in the field of Science and Technology, IT & Space (Mains) In this part, questions will test the candidates awareness of the developments in field of science and tech., IT, space and basic ideas about computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and related issues regarding intellectual property rights. References Books for Prelims and Mains: a. NCERT SCIENCE-IX & X, Physics, Chemistry & Biology. b. Communication and Information Technology & Defense chapter of India year Book. c. The Hindu, The Indian express, (8) Statistical analysis, graphs & diagrams:- (Mains, now also in CSAT-ll- as Data Interpretation, Bar & Graph) References: Any good mathematics (STATS) book.

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(9) Current events of national and international importance: Now, as long as the concept of current affairs is concerned, the scenario for the past three years has changed drastically. Please note it down very carefully that now the questions which are coming in Prelims are analytical and reason and assertion based. So this section has also got its roots in every other section of the syllabus. In line with the basics. So, In order to cover up current affairs section. Please start following at least two good newspapers (The Hindu, Indian express) along with any good competitive magazine from the very first day of your preparation till the time you are selected. Remember now there is no more concept of award, appointments, personalities type current affairs questions. Now it has become a chain rule. Means a chain of events or sequences on every front. And try to read in an analytical manner. Friends, this brief strategy and guideline regarding the integrated approach of G.S Prelims & Mains has really helped some candidates who were selected in CSE-2010 & 2011.And for sure will help everyone if followed properly. Last but not the least. I would again repeat that it is the smart hard work that paves the way of success. Wish you all the best Regards VVR (Institute For IAS Examination) Team

VVR - An Institute For IAS Examination.


A Specialised Institute for GS In Association with IMS (Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New Delhi)

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