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Sample Question Paper


Course Name : Mechanical Engineering Group Course Code : ME/ MH/MI Semester Subject : Fourth : Thermal Engineering

12092
Time: 3 Hrs.

Max Marks : 100 Instructions: 1. All questions are compulsory. 2. Illustrate your answers with heat sketches whenever necessary. 3. Figures to the right indicate full marks. 4. Assume suitable data it necessary. 5. Preferably write the answers in sequential order. Q.1 A) Answer any SIX of the following: a) Define Entropy state its unit b) State Boyles law c) State advantages & disadvantages of Solar energy

12 Marks

d) State the names of any two boiler mountings and any two boiler accessories e) State Dattons law of partial pressure f) Stat Stefan Boltzman law g) Define a Black body used in heat transfer h) State zeroth law of thermodynamics Q.1 B) Answer any TWO of the following: a) Draw a labeled sketch of bio-gas plant. State two application of bio-gas b) State the sources of air leakage in condensers c) A certain gas at high pressure and high temp. first expands adiabatically. After adiabatic expansion, it is compressed isothermally to its original volume. After this, the gas is heated at const. volume, so that gas is restored to original temperature. Represent this cycle on P-V and T-S diagram. 08 Marks

Q.2 Answer any FOUR of the following: a) Write steady state energy equation & apply it to condenser & compressor.

16 Marks

b) A heat exchanger is to be selected for pasteurization of milk. What material & which type of heat exchanger should be selected? Justify your answer. c) An automobile tyre contains certain volume of air at absolute pressure 300 kp a and 20 C. Barometer reads 750 mm of Hg. The temperature of air in the tyre rises to 80 C due to running of vehicle for two hours, Find new pressure in tyre, Assume air as ideal gas and tyre does not stretches due to heating. d) Describe the working principle of economizer with neat sketch. e) Classify the steam turbines according to 1.pressure of steam. 2. No of stages. f) One kg of gas at 1.2 bar and 50 0C having 1 m3volume is heated at const. pressure till its volume becomes 1.8m3. Calculate the workdone and change in internal energy. Assume Cp=1.1KJ/KgK. Q.3 Answer any FOUR of the following: a) Study the given figure 1 (Q3, I) and answer the following questions 1. Identify process BD 2. State condition steam at D 3. Name critical point 4. State formula to calculate enthalpy at D b) A composite wall is formed of 2cm copper plate, 3mm layer of abctos & 4.5 cm of Fiber glass. The wall (From surface to surface) is subjected to temperature difference of 500C. Considering heat flow in one direction, from surface to surface, Calculate heat flow per m2 area of wall. Take conducting values as follows K copper = 370w/mC, Kasbestos=150w/mC, K fiber glass= 74w/m.C c) The COP of a refrigerator operating on cannot cycle is 5.4 when it maintains 50C in the evaporator. Calculate the condenser temperature and refrigerating effect if the power required to drive the unit is 5KW. d) Differentiate between iso thermal and adiabatic process. e) Give the classification of boiler. f) What are the advantages of regenerative feed heating?Name the different methods of regenerative feed heating 16 Marks

Q.4 Attempt any FOUR of the following: a) State the advantages and limitations of wind energy. b) What is boiler drought? Why it is necessary?

16 Marks

c) Compare Jet & surface condensers on the basis of construction, performance & application. d) Differentiate between reversible and irreversible process. e) Describe the working principle of Hydro electric power plant with neat sketch. f) Compare induced & forced droughts. Q.5 Attempt any FOUR of the following: 16 Marks

a) State Kelvin-Planck and clausius statement of second law of thermodynamics b) Explain with neat sketch the working of throttling calorimeter. C) Steam at 10 bars & 0.87 dryness is available. How much heat should be added per kg At Constant pressure to make it dry & started steam. d) Differentiate between natural convection and forced convection heat transfer. e) Draw a neat labeled sketch of surface condenser Q.6 Attempt any TWO of the following: 16 Marks

a) Draw labeled sketch of Lamont Boiler. Show the path of water steam and Air-flue gas. Explain T/S working. b) What is compounding of steam turbines? Explain different methods of compounding. Explain any one method. c) 0.5 kg of air at 179C expends acrobatically to three times its original volume and in the process fall in temp is from 179 C to 18 C. The work done during expansion is 57 kj. Determine the specific heats of air at constants pressure and constant volume.

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A S Figure for Q 3 (iii)