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OLP-55

Optical Power Meter


Operating Manual

BN 2277/01 BN 2277/02 BN 2277/03 BN 2277/04

BN 2277/98.11 01/04.11 English

Please contact your local Acterna Sales Company if you have any questions regarding this product. The addresses are listed at the end of this manual.

Copyrights
This product or parts of this product are based on the Recommendations and/or Standards issued by the Standardization Sector of the International Telecommunications Union - ITU-T and/or the European Telecommunications Standards Institute - ETSI. These Recommendations and Standards are copyright to these organizations. ITU-T Recommendations or ETSI Standards may not be copied and/or made available to third parties in whole or in part without the written agreement of ITU-T and/or ETSI.

Acterna Germany GmbH Mhleweg 5, 72800 Eningen u. A. Order no.: BN 2277/98.11 Version: 01/04.11 Previous version: Note: Changes may be made to specifications, descriptions and delivery information. Copyright 2004 Acterna, LLC. All rights reserverd. Acterna, Communications Test and Management Solutions and the Acterna logo are registered trademarks of Acterna, LLC. All other trademarks and registered trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. Printed in Germany

Contents

Contents
1 Introduction
The OLP-55 Power Meters Symbols used in this operating manual

1
1 2

2 3

Safety Information Getting Started


Unpacking the device Device overview Power Supply Battery operation Operation from AC power Fitting adapters for plug connectors

5 8
8 9 11 12 14 15

Operation
Power ON/OFF Measurement Display Main Menu Configuration Menu Basic settings Selecting a wavelength Editing the -Table Auto mode Display absolute power level Display relative power level Maintenance

16
16 17 18 19 20 21 21 23 25 26 27

Memory Management
General Information Saving results successively Displaying stored results Saving results at a selected position Clearing the memory Read out the result memory

28
28 29 30 32 33 34

Acterna OLP-55

Contents 6 Remote Control


Communication interface Key Parameters

35
35 35 37

Measurement Example
Example: Attenuation measurement

44
44

Specifications
BN 2277/01 BN 2277/02 BN 2277/03 BN 2277/04 General specifications

47
47 48 49 50 51

Ordering Information Index

53 54

ii

Acterna OLP-55

1 INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

The OLP-55 Power Meters


The handheld Optical Power Meters OLP-55/01, OLP-55/02, OLP-55/03 and OLP-55/04 measure power levels on fiber optical systems. Theys are designed for highest performing testing of all optical signals and systems, i.e. broadband, PONs, and Gigabit Ethernet. Battery operation with four AA batteries and the robust, shock-proof and splash-proof design allow a long operation time in the field even under tough conditions. AC line operation via a separate AC adapter and the USB interface for remote control allow also comfortable use in labs or production environments.

Common features
All power meters can connect to singlemode and multimode fibers with a max. core diameter of 62.5 m (OLP-55/01: 100 m). Tests on systems from different manufacturers with different connector types are easy to handle due to the UPP adapter for 1.25 and 2.5 mm ferrules. To measure attenuation, a suitable optical source is required. The ACTERNA OLS-55 Optical Light Sources are ideal for this application. Both modulated and unmodulated light signals can be measured. For modulated light signals, the average power is displayed. The modulated signal mode with different fixed frequencies can be used to identify fibers in a fiber bundle, for example.

Acterna OLP-55

1 INTRODUCTION
The Auto function provided by the OLP-55 Optical Power Meters allows automatic wavelength detection. Therefore a wavelength encoding light source is needed, e.g. the ACTERNA OLS-55 light sources.

Differences between the devices


All of the power meters are calibrated at 850 nm, 1310 nm,1550 nm and 1625 nm. Differences between the devices can be found in the diode types and the maximum permitted power level: Type Diode type Max. power level 20 dBm 15 dBm 26 dBm 30 dBm

OLP-55/01 OLP-55/02 OLP-55/03 OLP-55/04


Table 1

Germanium InGaAs filtered InGaAs filtered InGaAs

Differences between the devices.

Symbols used in this operating manual


Following symbols are used in this operating manual:

Acterna OLP-55

1 INTRODUCTION Caution
Follow the instructions carefully to avoid damage! CAUTION

Warning
Follow the instructions carefully to avoid damage or injury! WARNING

Danger
DANGER Follow the instructions carefully to avoid damage or severe injury!

High Voltage
Follow the instructions carefully to avoid damage or severe injury! This safety instruction is given when high voltage causes the danger

DANGER

Laser
Follow the instructions carefully to avoid damage or injury! This safety instruction is given when laser radiation causes the danger. Additional information is given to specify the laser class. Very important instruction Follow carefully the advice, e.g. ! Make sure that you protect yourself and others from exposure to laser light.

WARNING

Acterna OLP-55

1 INTRODUCTION
Requirement This requirement has to be checked first, e.g. The system is switched on Instruction Here is your input requested, e.g.: Select mode Result Result following an action, e.g. The page opens. Keys and display elements Keys and display elements are marked in bold type face.

italics type face

bold type face

Acterna OLP-55

2 SAFETY INFORMATION

SAFETY INFORMATION
Non-compliant usage
Non-compliant usage can be hazardous to the user or damage the device itself. ! Please make sure the allowable ambient conditions are not violated! ! Also note the specified measurement range! ! Before powering up the device, always make sure that it is in proper working order.

Proper usage

CAUTION

Laser safety
Dangerous laser radiation!
The maximum permitted power for the OLP-55 can be 1000 times stronger than the limit specified for Laser Safety Class 1! Laser radiation can cause irreparable damage to the retina if allowed to enter the eye. ! When the system or test generator is switched on, never look directly into the output or into a connected optical fiber. ! Please heed the normal precautions for working with lasers and consider local regulations.

WARNING

Acterna OLP-55

2 SAFETY INFORMATION

Battery Operation
Explosion danger
Dry batteries can explode if you attempt to recharge them. WARNING ! Make sure to select Dry battery as battery type when using dry batteries and the SNT-121A AC Adapter/ Charger. Short-circuit of batteries can result in overheating, explosion or ignition of the batteries and their surroundings. ! Never short-circuit the battery contacts by touching both contacts simultaneously with a metal object.

SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger
Safety class The SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger Unit is protectively isolated in conformance with IEC 60950. Environmental conditions

Ambient temperature too high/low


Temperatures outside the operating range of 0 to +40 C can damage the SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger Unit or adversely affect its function and safety. ! The SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger Unit must only be operated indoors. ! The SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger Unit must only be operated at ambient temperatures between 0 and +40 C.

CAUTION

Acterna OLP-55

2 SAFETY INFORMATION Insufficient ventilation


Insufficient ventilation can damage the SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger Unit or adversely affect its function and safety. ! Ensure adequate ventilation when operating the SNT-121A AC Adapter/ Charger Unit.

CAUTION

Condensation
Operation in the presence of condensation can damage the SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger Unit or adversely affect its function and safety. ! Do not operate the SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger Unit if condensation has formed. ! If condensation cannot be avoided, such as when the SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger Unit is cold and is moved to a warm room, wait until the SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger Unit is dry before plugging it into the AC power line.

CAUTION

Acterna OLP-55

3 GETTING STARTED

GETTING STARTED

Unpacking the device


Packing material
We suggest that you keep the original packing material. It is designed for reuse (unless it is damaged in transit). Using the original packing material is your guarantee of protecting the device during transit.

Checking the package contents


Your level meter is shipped with the following accessories: 1 adapter (BN 2014/00.xx) 4 dry batteries AA size Belt bag MT-1S Operating manual

Checking for damages in transit


After you unpack the device, check to see whether it was damaged in transit. This is particularly likely if the packaging is clearly damaged. If there is damage, do not attempt to operate the device. Doing so can cause further damage.

Recovery following storage/transport


Condensation can occur if a device that is stored or transported at a low temperature is brought into a warm room. To avoid damages, wait until no more condensation is visible on the surface before powering up the device. Do not operate the device until it has reached its guaranteed temperature range (-10 to +55 C). The last statement also applies if the device is stored at a high temperature.

Acterna OLP-55

3 GETTING STARTED

Device overview

3
-----

5
----

Device label
(on the back)
Fig. 1 OLP-55 front and side view.

Acterna OLP-55

3 GETTING STARTED
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Test head cover Test adapter Display Stand (back) Power Supply socket, USB interface Battery compartment (back) Key pad Wavelength Select a wavelength from the list Backlight Activate display backlight Previous Step one menu level backwards (without storing settings) MENU/ENTER Open menu and select menu item Store settings Power On/Off Switch unit on and off Up/Down Scroll menu up/down Change levels, wavelengths STORE Store actual displayed values dBm/W Toggle level display between dBm and Watt dB Select relative level power measurement
Table 2 Device overview and key pad.

10

Acterna OLP-55

3 GETTING STARTED

Power Supply
The following power sources can be used to operate the OLP-55: Four 1.5 V dry batteries (Mignon AA size, Alkaline type recommended) Four 1.2 V NiMH rechargeable batteries (Mignon AA size) The SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger. Via USB interface in remote operation.

Replacing batteries
The battery compartment is on the back of the instrument. Replacing the batteries 1. Open the battery compartment. 2. Place in new batteries or remove the used batteries with fresh ones. Notice: Take care of the correct polarity of the batteries. It is indicated by a diagram on the floor of the battery compartment. 3. Close the battery compartment. After powering on the device you are asked in the BATTERY CHANGED menu to specify whether dry batteries or rechargeable batteries are used.

Fig. 2

Setup menu for battery type.

Acterna OLP-55

11

3 GETTING STARTED

Battery operation
Operation with dry batteries
1. Insert batteries (see Replacing batteries, page 11) 2. Select Dry battery in the BATTERY CHANGED menu.

Explosion danger
Dry batteries can explode if you attempt to recharge them. WARNING ! Make sure to select Dry battery as battery type when using dry batteries and the SNT-121A AC Adapter/ Charger. Note: When using the SNT-121A additionally the OLP-55 is supplied from the SNT-121A.

Operation with rechargeable batteries


Explosion danger
Short-circuit the batteries can result in overheating, explosion or ignition of WARNING the batteries and their surroundings. ! Never short-circuit the battery contacts by touching both contacts simultaneously with a metal object. 1. Insert batteries (see Replacing batteries, page 11) 2. Select Rechargeable in the BATTERY CHANGED menu. Recharging the batteries When using the SNT-121A, and the battery capacity is lower 90%, the batteries are recharged (complete recharging takes about 3 hours). The instrument switches to trickle charging automatically as soon as the batteries are fully charged.

12

Acterna OLP-55

3 GETTING STARTED
If the charge cycle does not start although the Adapter/ Charger is connected, please check the battery setup in the INFO menu. Note: The battery type can not be selected by the instrument keys. To change the battery type the battery compartment must be opened and at least one battery must be removed for more than five seconds. After replacing the battery the OLP-55 asks for the battery type. The battery type you choose then will be stored until you change the batteries again. General tips on using rechargeable batteries Always handle rechargeable batteries with care. Do not drop or damage the rechargeable batteries or expose them to excessively high temperatures. Only recharge the batteries while they are fitted in the OLP-55 and only use the SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger for this purpose. Do not store the batteries for more than one or two days at very high temperatures (e.g. in a vehicle), either separately or fitted in the instrument. Do not leave discharged batteries in the instrument for a long time if it is not being used. Do not store rechargeable batteries for more than 6 months without discharging and recharging them at intervals. Avoid deep discharging the batteries as this can cause the cell polarity to reverse and make the battery useless. Protect the environment Please dispose of any unwanted dry batteries or rechargeable batteries carefully. They should therefore also be removed from the instrument if it is to be scrapped. If facilities in your country exist for collecting waste or for recycling, please make use of them rather than throwing the batteries in the normal trash. You will often be able to return used batteries to the place where you purchase new ones. Any dry or rechargeable batteries that you purchased from Acterna can be returned to one of our Service Centers for disposal.

Acterna OLP-55

13

3 GETTING STARTED

Operation from AC power


The OLP-55 can also be powered from the SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger only if it is mainly to be used in one place, such as in a laboratory or test workshop. There is a socket on the side of the OLP-55 for plugging in the cable of the AC Adapter/Charger Unit. Tip: The AC Adapter/Charger Unit provides power even if dry or rechargeable batteries are fitted in the instrument. Fitting the AC line plug adapter 1. Select the appropriate AC line plug adapter. 2. Slide the AC line plug adapter into the slot (see Fig. 3). The SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger is ready for use.

Fig. 3

SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger

Changing the AC line plug adapter 1. Place the SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger against the edge of a table or bench as shown (see Fig. 4). 2. Push the SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger downwards. 3. Slide another AC line plug adapter into the slot (see Fig. 3).

Fig. 4

SNT-121A: Changing the AC line plug adapter

14

Acterna OLP-55

3 GETTING STARTED

Fitting adapters for plug connectors


The BN 2014/00.xx range of accessories includes a number of test adapters for connecting the OLP to the interface to be tested (connector or bare fiber). Using these adapters, you can connect all standard optical connector types to the instrument. The test adapters are suitable for connectors with planar (PC) and angled (APC) end surfaces. The Ordering Information section lists the available adapter types. To fit adapters

Possible damage due to dirt or scratching.

!
CAUTION

When fitting the adapter be careful not to touch the photo diode.

1. Remove the protective dust cap. 2. Place the test adapter on the jack and secure it by tightening the knurled screws.

Fig. 5

Mounting the adapter.

Acterna OLP-55

15

4 OPERATION

OPERATION

Power ON/OFF
Press to power on the device.

Press for more than 2 sec. to power off the device. The OLP-55 provides two power modes: Permanent ON (PERM): The device remains powered on Automatic OFF (ECON): The device powers off 20 min. after last operation. This function is available only in battery mode. To change power mode The device is switched on. 1. Press shortly (for less than 2 sec.). The power mode EDIT menu opens:

Fig. 6

Power mode EDIT menu

2. Select Permanent ON or Automatic OFF. 3. Press to set power mode. The menu window closes. Tip: To power off the device, you also can use the Power OFF item in this menu instead of pressing the button.

16

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4 OPERATION

Measurement Display
After the device is powered up, the measurement display is showed.

Fig. 7

Measurement display

External power supply When symbol is shown the OLP-55 is powered by the external AC adapter Battery status Shows actual battery status. If it is not shown, only the AC adapter is in use. USB Power supply via USB In remote operation the device is powered via the USB interface. Measured power level Display of power level (Single Lambda Mode in this case) and unit (dB, dBm, Watt) Power mode PERM: device remains powered on ECON: device powers off 20 min. after last operation. CW Signal Modulation CW: Continuous Wave Auto : Auto wavelength detection 270 Hz, 1 kHz, 2 kHz: modulated light detected 1310nm Wavelength Selected wavelength is displayed here.

dBm

PERM

Acterna OLP-55

17

4 OPERATION

Main Menu
Press to open the MAIN menu.

Fig. 8

MAIN menu

Store ABS -> REF

Store actual measured power level as new reference level (see page 26). Edit selected reference level manually (see page 26). Open Memory Menu to view and manage stored measurement results (see chapter 5, page 28). Open Config. Menu (see page 19).

Edit Ref. Level

Manage Memory

Configuration

To select an item 1. Press to mark the desired item 2. Press to select it. To leave menu without changes Press

18

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4 OPERATION

Configuration Menu
MAIN menu is open Select Configuration The CONFIGURATION menu opens

Fig. 9

CONFIGURATION menu

Edit -Table

Edit the wavelengths in the table and the view status of each entry (see page 21). Enable/disable the Automatic Wavelength Detection - only available with Acterna OLS-55 (see page 23). Adjust display contrast (see page 20). Reset device to factory defaults. This has no impact on stored measurement results! View device information: device name, family, serial number, calibration date, software version, battery type. Adjust date and time.

Set Auto

Edit Contrast Set Factory default Show Info

Edit Date Edit Time

Acterna OLP-55

19

4 OPERATION

Basic settings
Display contrast
Select Edit Contrast in the CONFIGURATION menu The CONTRAST menu opens.

Fig. 10 CONTRAST menu

1. Press buttons to increase or decrease contrast 2. Press to store value and leave menu.

Factory default
1. Select Set Factory default in the CONFIGURATION menu. The FACTORY DEFAULT menu opens.

Fig. 11 FACTORY DEFAULT menu

2. Press or Press

to set factory default to leave menu without changes.

Note: Setting the factory default does not impact your stored measurement results.

20

Acterna OLP-55

4 OPERATION

Backlight
Press to switch backlight on/off. Note: The backlight does not switch off automatically.

Selecting a wavelength
The OLP-55 allows to define up to ten wavelengths in a table (-Table). Only the wavelengths defined in this table and marked as shown can be selected for measurement. To select a wavelength Press to scroll through the table. The wavelength is shown in the left bottom display field.

selected wavelength

Editing the -Table


The -Table allows to store ten user defined wavelengths. For each entry you can decide, whether it shall be displayed or not when scrolling through the list with the key (in measurement mode). By reducing the amount of showed entries the wavelengths can be faster recalled. So for example just two wavelengths could be displayed and toggled be one key press.

Acterna OLP-55

21

4 OPERATION
To edit the -Table 1. Press Edit -Table in the CONFIGURATION menu The EDIT -TABLE menu opens

2. Highlight the entry to be edited and press

3. Press again to edit selected wavelength (Edit is already selected)

4. Press to change value - press once to change step by step - hold key to accelerate count speed 5. Press to accept new wavelength. The EDIT -TABLE window is displayed again. 6. To change view status again press 7. Select Show to show wavelength in the table or 8. Select Hide to hide wavelength in the table 9. Press to accept selection. Repeat steps 2. to 7. if needed.

22

Acterna OLP-55

4 OPERATION

Auto mode
Auto is a special feature invented by Acterna to identify wavelengths automatically. Therefor the signal is modulated (in a light source equipped with AUTO like the Acterna OLS-55/-56) by a certain frequency, which can be detected from the Acterna OLP-55. In following cases it may not be possible to detect wavelengths reliably: The receive level is too low. The wavelength encoding cannot be detected due to interference. You are measuring the absolute level of a system that does not have wavelength encoding like Acternas power sources. Switching Auto mode on/off 1. Select Auto in the CONFIGURATION menu. The AUTO menu is displayed.

2. Select ENABLE to switch on Auto or Select DISABLE to switch off Auto . 3. Press to accept setting. When Auto mode was activated a laser source is connected supporting Auto , Auto will be displayed in the center bottom display field if.

Acterna OLP-55

23

4 OPERATION
Auto mode display When Auto mode is activated and wavelengths are detected, the measured power levels are displayed simultaneously.

Fig. 12 Display in Auto mode showing the detected wavelengths and power levels.

Modulated light
The OLP-55 automatically detects the modulation frequency of light signals modulated at the fixed frequencies: 270 Hz, 1 kHz and 2 kHz. The detected frequency is shown in the center bottom display field.

Fig. 13 Detection of modulated light, e.g. 270 Hz.

24

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4 OPERATION

Display absolute power level


In the absolute power level mode the power level is displayed in dBm or Watt (nW, W, mW). Press dBm/W to display absolute power level and to toggle between dBm or Watt.

Fig. 14 Displaying absolute power level in dBm.

Power level ranges Tester OLP-55/01 OLP-55/02 OLP-55/03 OLP-55/04 dBm -70 to +20 dBm -80 to +15 dBm -60 to +26 dBm -60 to +30 dBm Watt 0.1 nW to 100 mW 0.01 nW to 32 mW 1 nW to 400 mW 1 nW to 1000 mW

Dark current adjustment (Auto-Zeroing)


Dark current adjustment is not needed, as the OLP-55 provides a patented Auto-Zeroing function.

Acterna OLP-55

25

4 OPERATION

Display relative power level


The relative power display mode shows the actual measured power level relatively to a reference value. This reference value can be set by defining the actual power level as reference value and can be edited manually. Setting the reference level The device is in absolute power level display mode 1. Press to open Main menu 2. Press again to store reference level. The actual power level is set as new reference level. The reference level is displayed in the top display bar. Reference power level display mode is activated. Note: The reference level must be stored for each wavelength separately and will be saved during power off.

Editing the reference level


A reference level can be also edited manually. 1. Select Edit Ref. Level in the MAIN menu The measurement display opens, showing EDIT in the top right corner.

2. Press to change value 3. Press to accept setting.

26

Acterna OLP-55

4 OPERATION

Maintenance
Cleaning the test port
Over time, dust can gather on the photo diode, particularly if you leave the cover open for a while or remove the adapter. To retain high measurement accuracy, we recommend that you clean the photo diode from time to time.

Damage of photo diode

!
CAUTION

Do not touch the photo diode in order to avoid soiling or scratching the glass cover.

1. Pop open the cover on the front of the OLP. 2. Unscrew the adapter by hand. You can now access the photo diode. 3. Use a cotton swab dipped in isopropanol to wipe off the photo diode. This is an effective cleaning method that leaves no traces. 4. Blow off the test adapter with pressurized air (e.g. anti-dust spray available in cans). 5. Screw the adapter back on. 6. Pop the cover back on. Tip: To avoid premature soiling of the assembly, keep the adapter in place and the cover closed when you are not making measurements.

Cleaning the instrument


If the instrument has become dirty through use, it can be cleaned using a soft cloth moistened with a mild solution of detergent.

Damage of device

!
CAUTION

Make sure that the cleaning solution does not get inside the instrument.

Parts which have become very dirty may also be cleaned carefully using alcohol.

Acterna OLP-55

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5 MEMORY MANAGEMENT

MEMORY MANAGEMENT

General Information
The OLP allows you to save the measured level values in a structured data memory and recall them as required. Up to 350 results can be stored. All data is saved to a non-volatile memory (E2PROM). Data can also be downloaded via the USB interface to a PC for further evaluation. Two methods of recording values are available to meet individual requirements: Measured values stored in successive memory positions. Measured values stored in pre-defined memory positions.

Result memory structure


The OLP-55 is equipped with a data memory which is structured according to the typical device under test, i.e. a cable made up from several fibers. This hierarchical structure predetermines the memory positions which are generally made up from the following data: Group number: 001 to 350 Meas(urement) number: 001 to 350 Wavelength A combination of these three values is assigned to each memory position with each value being separately accessible.

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Acterna OLP-55

5 MEMORY MANAGEMENT

Saving results successively


Results are stored simply by pressing the STORE key. Each time the key is pressed, the next memory position will be used to store the current result. If the memory is initially empty, memory begins with Group 001 and Meas 001. The Meas # is then incremented each time the key is pressed (up to a maximum of 350). This method is ideal for simple measurement sequences, e.g. when a limited number of level values for a single item under test is to be recorded. To save current results successively The complete result memory is empty or the first and following memory positions are empty. The device is in measure mode. 1. Press the STORE key to save the first result. The display briefly indicates the first memory position, i.e. Group 033, Meas 001.

Fig. 15 Brief display of memory position confirms that first result value has been saved

2. Press the STORE key again every time you want to save a further result value. The display briefly shows the memory position used. The Meas # will be incremented each time. If the results are to be stored starting from a different memory position such as Group 015, Meas 005, these values must be specified in advance (see Saving results at a selected position, page 32).

Acterna OLP-55

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5 MEMORY MANAGEMENT
If you try storing data on memory positions that have been already occupied by the results of previous measurements, a warning will be displayed:

Fig. 16 Display if selected memory position is already occupied.

Press Press data.

to overwrite data with new data. if you do not want to overwrite existing

Displaying stored results


Displaying your last stored measurement results will surely be the function mostly used. Thus this memory position will be displayed when entering the MANAGE MEMORY menu. As default the Meas # is highlighted to allow quick access to all measurements of a fixed Group. Displaying the last stored results Select Manage Memory in the MAIN menu The last stored results are displayed.

Fig. 17 Example for stored results: Group 025, Meas 004: 3 wavelengths detected, relative measurement mode with measured levels and reference values.

30

Acterna OLP-55

5 MEMORY MANAGEMENT
Select another Measurement of actual Group Press keys to increase/decrease Meas #.

Fig. 18 Display of stored results, select Meas #.

Select another Group and Measurement 1. Press The MANAGE MEMORY menu opens,

2. Press to select Select Group. Actual Group and Meas 001 will be displayed.

3. Press keys to increase/decrease Group #. 4. Press MEAS # will be highlighted 5. Press keys to increase/decrease Meas # . Press to leave menu.

Acterna OLP-55

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5 MEMORY MANAGEMENT

Saving results at a selected position


When pressing the STORE key in measurement mode the results are stored at the active memory position. Each press increments the Meas # at a fixed Group. In measurement mode you can not set the memory position, neither the Meas nor the Group number. If you do not want to overwrite existing data or if you want to set a specific Group and Meas number, you must enter the MANAGE MEMORY menu and select the position. This is identical to display a memory position (see Displaying stored results, page 30), as the last displayed memory position always becomes the actual memory position when storing data. To save results at a selected position 1. Set wavelength and measurement mode as needed. 2. Select Manage Memory in the MAIN menu. 3. Press keys to edit Meas # only. If you just want to edit Meas # proceed with step 9. 4. Press The MANAGE MEMORY menu opens. 5. Press again (Select Group is highlighted) Actual Group # and Meas 001 are displayed. 6. Press keys to edit Group-Nr. 7. Press Meas # is highlighted 8. Press keys to edit Meas #. 9. Press to leave menu. Press STORE to store results.

32

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5 MEMORY MANAGEMENT

Clearing the memory


The OLP-55 allows to store 350 data sets with up to 3 measurement in Multi mode (together with Acterna OLS-55 light source). A data set consists of the wavelength, relative power level and reference value or absolute power level and date/time when it was stored. Even there may be no need to clear the complete memory because of missing capacity you may clear single Meas or Group positions to have access to specific numbers. The OLP-55 allows to clear Clear Actual Meas Clear data of selected measurement Clear Group Clear all measurements of the selected Group Clear All Clear all memory data

To clear memory data


1. Select Manage Memory in the MAIN menu The last stored results are displayed 2. Press to open the MANAGE MEMORY menu.

Fig. 19 MANAGE MEMORY menu

Clearing data of actual measurement: 1. Set Group and Meas number to be cleared (see page 32f) 2. Press keys to select Clear Actual Meas 3. Press to clear actual Meas data 4. Press to leave menu

Acterna OLP-55

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5 MEMORY MANAGEMENT
When now storing results, memory position will be at the cleared Meas number of the last displayed Group. Clearing all data of a Group 1. Set Group number to be cleared. 2. Press keys to select Clear Group. 3. Press to clear all Meas data of the selected Group #. 4. Press key to leave menu. When now storing results, memory position will be at Meas 001 of last displayed Group. To clear memory 1. Press keys to select Clear All. 2. Press to clear all memory data. 3. Press key to leave menu. When now storing results, memory position will be at Group 001 and Meas 001.

Read out the result memory


All results stored in the memory can be read out via the USB interface to a PC for further evaluation or print out. INF file (Windows 2000 and XP) can be downloaded from www.acterna.com.

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6 REMOTE CONTROL

REMOTE CONTROL

Communication interface
The OLP-55 provides a USB interface for communication. INF file (Windows 2000 and XP) can be downloaded from www.acterna.com.

Key
These are the adjustable values for the remote control commands.

Key
<NR1> <NR2> <NR3> <NRf> Integer value. Examples 23 90 Real number. Examples 23.45 1.225 Exponential number. Examples 4.3E-3 -8.9456E8 123E-5 <NR1> | <NR2> | <NR3>

<STRING RESPONSE_DATA>: IEEE4888.2, 8.7.1

Not A Number (NAN)


Not a number is represented as 9.91 E 37. Not a number is defined in IEEE 754. Typical applications are dividing zero by zero or subtracting infinity from infinity. Not a number is also used to represent missing data.

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6 REMOTE CONTROL
<contrast> contrast of display <NR1> | MINimum | MAXimum | DEFault MINimum 0 MAXimum 20 DEFault 10 reference value of power meter <NRf> | MINimum | MAXimum | DEFault MINimum -60 dBm MAXimum 30 dBm DEFault 0 dBm suffix dBm fundamental unit dBm power meter measurement <NR1> | MINimum | MAXimum | DEFault MINimum 1 MAXimum 5 DEFault 3 group identifier <NR1> | MINimum | MAXimum | DEFault MINimum 1 MAXimum 250 DEFault 1 meas identifier for storing, deleting or recalling measurements to or from memory <NR1> | MINimum | MAXimum | DEFault MINimum 1 MAXimum 350 DEFault 1 wavelength <NRf> | MINimum | MAXimum | DEFault MINimum 780 MAXimum 1650 DEFault 1550 suffix m | mm | m | nm fundamental unit nm

<pow_refval>

<powrange>

<group_id>

<meas_id>

<wavval>

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6 REMOTE CONTROL

Parameters
Non-Instrument Mode commands
Command string DISP: CONT Parameter type / Response type / Unit / Info Parameter type: <contrast> Sets the display contrast Range 0 ... 15 (0: min, 15: max.) Returns the display contrast Range 0 ... 15 (0: min, 15: max.) <wav> selects the calibration wavelength from the -Table. See SYST:CAL:WAV:TAB? for more details. e.g. SYST:CAL:WAV 850 SYST: CAL: WAV? SYST: CAL: WAV: TAB Returns the calibration wavelength currently used in the instrument. Sets 10 wavelengths in the -Table. The wavelengths must be entered in order of increasing values. e.g. SYST:CAL:WAV:TAB 820,850,980,1280,1300,1310, 1480,1510,1550,1625

DISP: CONT? SYST: CAL: WAV:

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6 REMOTE CONTROL
Command string SYST: CAL: WAV: TAB? SYST: ERR? Parameter type / Response type / Unit / Info Returns the contents of the -Table.

Response type: <NR1>, <STRING RESPONSE_DATA> Returns the oldest error in the error queue, e.g. -100, Command error"

SYST: PERM: POW

Ensures the device is on permanently i.e. that it does not power down after 20 minutes

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Acterna OLP-55

6 REMOTE CONTROL

Power Meter
Command string DISP: UNIT Parameter type / Response type / Unit / Info Parameter type: LIN | LOG Selects whether power level reading is displayed linearly or logarithmically. LIN: linear display of power level LOG: logarithmic display of power level DISP: UNIT? Response type: LIN | LOG Returns whether power level reading is displayed linearly or logarithmically: LIN: linear display of power LOG: logarithmic display of power FETC: AM: AUTO: FREQ? Returns whether an Auto modulation frequency detected on the incoming. 0: 1: FETC: AM: INT: FREQ? Auto modulation frequency detected no Auto modulation frequency detected

Response type: <NR2> Unit: Hz Returns the modulation frequency on the incoming signal

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6 REMOTE CONTROL
Command string FETC: POW: INP? Parameter type / Response type / Unit / Info Response type: <NR3> Unit: dBm, W, dB Returns the power at the input port of the device. Response: Absolute display (:REF:STAT 0) - in dBm for DISP:UNIT LOG - in W for DISP:UNIT LIN Relative display (REF:STAT 1) in dB +9.91E37 overflow -9.91E37 underflow MEM: DEL: ALL MEM: DEL: GROU MEM: DEL: MEAS MEM: FREE? MEM: GROU Deletes the entire measurement results memory. Deletes the measurement in the group specified by <NR1> 1 <NR1> 1000 Deletes the current measurement. If command is repeated, the next measurement is deleted. Returns number of how many measurements can still be stored until memory is full. Selects the group in which measurement is stored, deleted or recalled. 1 <NR1> 350 MEM: GROU? Returns the group in which measurement is stored, deleted or recalled. 1 <NR1> 350

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6 REMOTE CONTROL
Command string MEM: GROU MEAS Parameter type / Response type / Unit / Info Sets the measurement number within the current group at which the measurement is stored, deleted or recalled. 1 <NR1> 350 MEM: GROU MEAS? Returns the measurement number within the current group at which the measurement is stored, deleted or recalled. 1 <NR1> 350 MEM: ID MEAS? Returns the current group and measurement number at which the measurement is stored, deleted or recalled. Return value: <group>,<offset> MEM: REC: ALL? Recalls all the measurement stored in EEPROM at the current group/ index value. For each measurement <group>, <meas>,<time>, <date>, <measdata> [;<measdata.] MEM: REC: MEAS? Recalls the measurement stored in EEPROM at the current group/meas value. <group>, <offs>,<time>, <date>, <measdata> [;<measdata.]

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6 REMOTE CONTROL
Command string MEM: STOR: MEAS Parameter type / Response type / Unit / Info Stores the current measurement under the current group/ measurement number selected. NOTE: If this command is repeated immediately (i.e. with no other commands, such as MEM:REC:MEAS? in between), the identifier is subsequently incremented by 1 for the next store. REF: STAT Parameter type: <BOOLEAN> Determines whether power level reading is displayed as an absolute or relative value. 0: absolute value 1: relative value Default setting: 0 REF: STAT? Response type: <NR1> Returns how the power reading is displayed 0: absolute value 1: relative value REF: VAL Parameter type: <pow_refval> ABS Sets the value which the power level reading refers to in relative mode where: <pow_refval> is the floating point value of the required reference value or ABS: reference value = absolute power level value. Default setting: 0 dBm

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Acterna OLP-55

6 REMOTE CONTROL
Command string REF: VAL? Parameter type / Response type / Unit / Info Response type: <NR3> Unit: dBm Returns the value which the power level reading refers to in relative mode. WAV: AUTO Parameter type: <BOOLEAN> Determines whether device recognizes Auto modulation frequencies which automatically sets the system calibration wavelength. 0: Auto recognition off 1: Auto recognition on Default setting: 0 WAV: AUTO? Returns whether Auto- recognition on or off 0: Auto detection off 1: Auto detection on SYST: DATE SYST: DATE? SYST: TIME Sets the date (yy,mm,dd) e.g. 04,10,21 Returns the date (yy,mm,dd) e.g. 04,10,21 Sets the time (hh:mm:ss) e.g. 16.01 h is set by 16,01,00 Note: 24 h system is used: 16.01 h means 4.01 pm. SYST: TIME? Returns the time (hh:mm:ss) e.g. 16,01,00

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7 MEASUREMENT EXAMPLE

MEASUREMENT EXAMPLE

Example: Attenuation measurement


The optical attenuation of cable # 3 containing a total of 6 fibers (1310 nm) is to be measured as per IEC 874-1, Method 6. The first step is to make a reference measurement at point A. The second step measures the loss due to the fiber path at point B.

Fig. 20 Item under test: Cable 3, fibers 1 to 6

Test equipment OLP-55 Optical Power Meter OLS-55 Optical Laser Source 1 test adapter, BN 2014/00.xx 2 adapter cables, K 31xx (9/125 m) 2 adapters, S 31xx 1 test adapter, BN 2150/00.xx

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7 MEASUREMENT EXAMPLE

Step 1: Reference measurement

Fig. 21 Test setup for ref. measurement at point A

Test procedure at point A 1. Fit the OLP and OLS with test adapters. 2. Fit the OLP and OLS with one adapter cable each and link them together using the S 31xx adapter. 3. Set the OLS and OLP to 1310 nm 4. Set the OLS to CW mode. 5. Set the OLP to absolute level display mode. 6. Save the measured level as reference level (ABS -> REF). 7. Set the OLP to relative level display mode. 8. Leave cable K 31xx at OLS and OLP connected during the complete attenuation measurement. 9. Connect the OLS with cable K 31xx at point A to the item under test (cable 3, fiber 2). 10.Move the OLP to point B.

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7 MEASUREMENT EXAMPLE

Step 2: Att. measurement

Fig. 22 Test setup for measuring attenuation

Test procedure at point B Connect the OLP at point B with the item under test (cable 3, fiber 2). The insertion loss for fiber 2 will be displayed.

Step 3: Saving the results


Press Store The measured value will be stored at the memory location defined in the MANAGE MEMORY menu: Memory location is not yet occupied: Storing... shows the successful process. Memory location is already occupied: You will be asked to overwrite data. For further information how to store measurement results at a specific memory position please see Saving results at a selected position, page 32.

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Acterna OLP-55

8 SPECIFICATIONS

SPECIFICATIONS

BN 2277/01
Adjustable wavelength range Calibrated wavelengths Photo diode Fiber type Display range Resolution1) Max. permitted level Intrinsic uncertainty2) Overall measurement uncertainty 850 nm 1300, 1310 nm 1550 nm 1625 nm3) 780 to 1650 nm, in 1 nm steps 850 nm, 1310 nm, 1550 nm, 1625 nm Germanium 9/125 to 100/140 -70 to +20 dBm 0.01 dB, 0.001 W +20 dBm 0.13 dB ( 3%) -60 to +18 dBm 0.25 dB 0.8 nW 0.20 dB 0.2 nW 0.40 dB 0.2 nW 0.60 dB 0.6 nW

1) For levels < -60 dBm: 0.1 dB 2) Under reference conditions: -20 dBm (CW), 1310 nm 1 nm, 23 C 3K, 45 to 75% relative humidity, 9 to 50 m test fiber with DIN connector 3) Under reference conditions: -20dBm (CW), 1625 nm 1 nm, 23 C 3K, 45 to 75% relative humidity, 9 m test fiber with DIN connector

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8 SPECIFICATIONS

BN 2277/02
Adjustable wavelength range Calibrated wavelengths Photo diode Fiber type Display range Resolution1) Max. permitted level Intrinsic uncertainty2) Overall measurement uncertainty 850 nm 1300, 1310 nm 1550 nm 1625 nm3) 800 to 1700 nm, in 1 nm steps 850 nm, 1310 nm, 1550 nm, 1625 nm InGaAs 9/125 to 50/125 -80 to +15 dBm 0.01 dB, 0.001 W +15 dBm 0.13 dB ( 3%) -70 to +11 dBm 0.3 dB 0.15 nW 0.2 dB 0.02 nW 0.2 dB 0.02 nW 0.4 dB 0.02 nW

1) For levels < -70 dBm: 0.1 dB 2) Under reference conditions: -20 dBm (CW), 1310 nm 1 nm, 23 C 3K, 45 to 75% relative humidity, 9 to 50 m test fiber with DIN connector. 3) Under reference conditions: -20 dBm (CW), 1625 nm 1 nm, 23 C 3K, 45 to 75% relative humidity, 9 m test fiber with DIN connector.

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Acterna OLP-55

8 SPECIFICATIONS

BN 2277/03
Adjustable wavelength range Calibrated wavelengths Photo diode Fiber type Display range Resolution1) Max. permitted level Intrinsic uncertainty2) Overall measurement uncertainty 850 nm 1300, 1310 nm 1550 nm 1625 nm3) 800 to 1700 nm, in 1 nm steps 850 nm, 1310 nm, 1550 nm, 1625 nm filtered InGaAs 9/125 to 50/125 -60 to +26 dBm 0.01 dB, 0.001 W +26 dBm 0.13 dB ( 3%) -47 to +26 dBm 0.33 dB 25 nW 0.25 dB 4 nW 0.25 dB 4 nW 0.5 dB 4 nW

1) For levels < -50 dBm: 0.1 dB 2) Under reference conditions: -20 dBm (CW), 1310 nm 1 nm, 23 C 3K, 45 to 75% relative humidity, 9 to 50 m test fiber with DIN connector. 3) Under reference conditions: -20dBm(CW), 1625 nm 1 nm, 23 C 3K, 45 to 75% relative humidity, 9 m test fiber with DIN connector.

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8 SPECIFICATIONS

BN 2277/04
Adjustable wavelength range Calibrated wavelengths Photo diode Fiber type Display range Resolution1) Max. permitted level Intrinsic uncertainty2) Overall measurement uncertainty 850 nm 1300, 1310 nm 1550 nm 1625 nm3) 800 to 1700 nm, in 1 nm steps 850 nm, 1310 nm, 1550 nm, 1625 nm filtered InGaAs 9/125 to 50/125 -60 to +30 dBm 0.01 dB, 0.001 W +30 dBm 0.13 dB ( 3%) -47 to +30 dBm 0.33 dB 25 nW 0.25 dB 4 nW 0.25 dB 4 nW 0.5 dB 4 nW

1) For levels < -50 dBm: 0.1 dB 2) Under reference conditions: -20 dBm (CW), 1310 nm 1 nm, 23 C 3K, 45 to 75% relative humidity, 9 to 50 m test fiber with DIN connector. 3) Under reference conditions: -20 dBm (CW), 1625 nm 1 nm, 23 C 3K, 45 to 75% relative humidity, 9 m test fiber with DIN connector.

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Acterna OLP-55

8 SPECIFICATIONS

General specifications
Wavelength detection1) Reference level Automatic switching and displaying up to three wavelengths simultaneously Transfer of measured value or entry of any reference level in the range -80 to +30 dBm, one Reference Level for each wavelength 270 Hz, 1 kHz, 2 kHz

Modulation detection2) Optical adapter Interchangeable adapter from BN2014/ system 00.X range, suitable for PC and APC systems
1) Only together with Acterna OLS-55 Optical Light Sources. Only works when power difference is < 20 dB. 2) BN 2277/01: from -45 dBm (780 to 1299 nm), from -50 dBm (1300 to 1625 nm), BN 2277/02: from -55 dBm (850 to 1299 nm), from -60 dBm (1300 to 1625 nm) BN 2277/03/04: from -32 dBm (850 to 1299 nm), from -37 dBm (1300 to 1625 nm)

Display Display type Graphical display, 64 x 128, b/w. backlight function

Memory Memory capacity Data readout/Remote control 1000 measurement results via USB interface (INF file for Windows 2000 and XP included)

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8 SPECIFICATIONS
Power supply Dry batteries Rechargeable batteries Operating life dry/rechargeable batteries AC line operation Power saving mode 4 x AA, 1.5 V NiCd, NiMH, 4 x AA, 1.2 V

typ. 100 h with separate AC adapter auto power-off after appr. 20 min (can be disabled) IEC 61321 3 years

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Recommended calibration interval Ambient temperature Nominal range of use BN 2277/01/02 BN 2277/03 BN 2277/04 Storage and transport SNT-121A AC Adapter/ Charger Air humidity Relative humidity up to +30 C Absolute humidity, > +30 C

-10 to +55 C -10 to +45 C -10 to +40 C -40 to +70 C 0 to +40 C

5 to 95% 1 to 29 g/m3

Occasional condensation is tolerable as a limit condition. Dimensions and weight Dimensions (w x h x d) Weight 95 x 60 x 190 mm approx. 500 g (including batteries)

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Acterna OLP-55

9 ORDERING INFORMATION

ORDERING INFORMATION
BN 2277/01 BN 2277/02 BN 2277/03 BN 2277/04 BN 2277/90.03

OLP-55/01 Optical Power Meter OLP-55/02 Optical Power Meter OLP-55/03 Optical Power Meter OLP-55/04 Optical Power Meter Calibration report Accessories Optical adapter OCK-10 Optical cleaning kit Cleaning tape for optical connectors Spare tape for optical cleaning tape NiMh cells (AA size, 1.2 V) SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger (worldwide compatible) Belt bag MT-1S Soft case 2 instruments MT-2S Soft case 3 instruments MT-3S Hard case 3 instruments MK-3S

BN 2014/00.xx BN 2229/90.21 BN 2229/90.07 BN 2229/90.08 BN 2237/90.02 BN 2277/90.01

BN 2277/90.02 BN 2126/03 BN 2126/04 BN 2093/31

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Index

Index
A
AC line plug adapter 14 Accessories 53 Attenuation measurement 46 Auto lambda mode 23 Auto-Zeroing 25

M
Measurement display 17 Memory position 32 Memory structure 28 Menu Configuration 19 Main 18 Modulated light 24

B
Batteries Operation 12 Recharging 12 Replacing 11 Battery Operation 6

N
NAN 35 Not A Number 35

C
Cleaning Instrument 27 Test port 27 Clearing the memory 33 Common features 1 Condensation 8 Contrast 20

O
Operation from AC power 14 Overview 9

P
Package contents 8 Packing material 8 Plug connector 15 Power change mode 16 ON/OFF 16 Power level Absolute 25 Relative 26 Power level ranges 25 Power mode 16 Proper usage 5

D
Dark current adjustment 25 Data memory 28 Default 20 Device overview 9 Differences between the devices 2 Display 17 Display contrast 20

R
Rechargeable batteries 13 Recovery 8 Recycling 13 Reference measurement 45 Results 29

E
E2PROM 28 Environmental protection 13

F
Factory default 20

S
Saving results 29 SNT-121A Environmental conditions 6 Safety class 6 SNT-121A AC Adapter/Charger Unit 14

I
IEC 874-1 44 Insertion loss 46

L
Lambda-Table edit 21 Laser safety 5

T
Test equipment 44 Test procedure 45

Acterna OLP-55

Acterna Environmental Management Program


Superb performance and high quality have always characterized Acterna datacom and telecom measurement technology products. In this same world-class tradition, Acterna has an established, proactive program of environmental management. Environmental management is an integral part of Acternas business philosophy and strategy requiring the development of longterm, productive solutions to problems in the key areas of economics, technology, and ecology. A systematic environmental management program at Acterna is essential in regard to environmental policy and enhances cooperation between ourselves and our business partners.

The Acterna Environmental Management Program considers:


Product design and manufacture Environmental restrictions and requirements are taken into account during planning and manufacture of Acterna products. This attention ranges form the raw materials and finished components selected for use and the manufacturing processes employed, through to the use of energy in the factory, and right on up to the final stages in the life of a product, including dismantling. Hazardous materials Acterna avoids or uses with care any hazardous or dangerous material in themanufacturing process or the end product. If the use of a dangerous material cannot be avoided, it is identified in product documentation and clearly labeled on the product itself. Packaging materials Preference is given to reusable or biodegradable single-substance packaging materials whenever possible.

Environmental management partnerships Acterna encourages our customers and suppliers who take this responsibility seriously to join Acterna in establishing their own environmental management programs. Recycling used products Acterna has an effective program for the recycling and/or disposal of used equipment. Our customers in Germany can already take advantage of our return service for used instruments. In Europe, all new equipment purchased from Acterna can be returned for scrapping at the end of its useful life, free of charge. If you would like specific information about the Acterna Environmental Management Program, please contact us at: Germany Environmental Management: Tel. +49-(0)7121 86 1470 Fax +49-(0)7121 86 1502 United Kingdom Design Office: Tel. +44-1752 772 773 Fax +44-1752 709 897 United States Environmental Management: Tel. +1-919 941 5730 Fax +1-919 941 5751 France Environmental Management: Tel. +33-(0)2 99 84 70 40 Fax +33-(0)2 99 84 70 44

Worldwide Headquarters
12410 Milestone Center Drive Germantown, Maryland 20876-7100 USA Acterna is present in more than 80 countries. To find your local sales office go to: www.acterna.com

Regional Sales Headquarters


North America 12410 Milestone Center Drive Germantown, Maryland 20876-7100 USA Toll Free +1 866 ACTERNA Toll Free +1 866 228 3762 Tel. +1 301 353 1560 x 2850 Fax +1 301 353 9216 Latin America Av. Eng. Luis Carlos Berrini 936/8o e 9o andares 04571-000 So Paulo SP-Brasil Tel. +55 11 5503 3800 Fax +55 11 5505 1598 Asia/Pacific 42 Clarendon Street PO Box 141 South Melbourne Victoria 3205 Australia Tel. +61 3 9690 6700 Fax +61 3 9690 6750 Western Europe Arbachtalstrae 6 72800 Eningen u.A. Germany Tel. +49 7121 86 2222 Fax +49 7121 86 1222 Eastern Europe, Middle East & Africa Aredstrasse 16-18 2544 Leobersdorf Austria Tel. +43 2256 65610 Fax +43 2256 65610-22 Prospect Mira 26, stroenie 5 RF 129090 Moscow Russia Tel. +7 095 937 88 04 Tel. +7 095 775 26 04 Tel. +7 095 775 26 07 Tel. +7 095 775 26 08 Fax +7 095 775 26 05

Notes: