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# East Los Angeles College Mr.

## Kiledjian Sample Physics 1 Test for the Multiple Choice section

____ 1. A particle moving with a constant acceleration has a velocity of 20 cm/s when its position is x = 10 cm. Its position 7.0 s later is x = 30 cm. What is the acceleration of the particle? a. 7.3 cm/s2 b. 8.9 cm/s2 c. 11 cm/s2 d. 15 cm/s2 e. 13 cm/s2 2. Dallas says that any change in velocity is directly proportional to the time interval over which the change took place. Dana says that is true only when the acceleration is constant. Which one, if either, is correct? a. Dana, because it is true only when the acceleration is constant. b. Dallas, because we can define ax, avg so that vx = ax, avgt. c. Dallas, because ax, avg always is equal to . d. All the above are correct. e. Only (a) and (b) above are correct. ____ 3. If a. b. c. d. e. and 49 41 90 +49 +21 , what is the direction of the vector ?

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4. A ball is thrown horizontally from the top of a building 0.10 km high. The ball strikes the ground at a point 65 m horizontally away from and below the point of release. What is the speed of the ball just before it strikes the ground? a. 43 m/s b. 47 m/s c. 39 m/s d. 36 m/s e. 14 m/s 5. If F = 4.0 N and m = 2.0 kg, what is the magnitude of the acceleration for the block shown below? The surface is frictionless.

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a. b. c. d. e.

5.3 m/s2 4.4 m/s2 3.5 m/s2 6.2 m/s2 8.4 m/s2

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6. The first of two identical boxes of mass m is sitting on level ground. The second box is sitting on a ramp that makes a 20 angle with the ground. The normal force of the level ground on the first box is NL; the normal force of the ramp on the second box is NR. Which statement is correct? a. NR = NL = mg. b. NL = mg; NR = mg sin 20. c. NL = mg; NR = mg cos 20. d. NL = mg; NR = mg cos 20. e. NR = NL = mg. 7. An amusement ride consists of a car moving in a vertical circle on the end of a rigid boom. The radius of the circle is 10 m. The combined weight of the car and riders is 5.0 kN. At the top of the circle the car has a speed of 5.0 m/s which is not changing at that instant. What is the force of the boom on the car at the top of the circle? a. 3.7 kN down b. 1.3 kN down c. 6.3 kN up d. 3.7 kN up e. 5.2 kN down

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8. Identical masses m are attached to identical springs of spring constant k suspended from the ceiling. With both masses hanging in their equilibrium positions, mass A is pulled down 10 cm and released while mass B is pushed up 10 cm and released. Which statement is correct? a. Mass A will travel a smaller distance to its highest point than mass B will travel to its lowest point. b. Mass A will travel a greater distance to its highest point than mass B will travel to its lowest point. c. Masses A and B will travel equal distances between their highest and lowest points. d. More work was done on mass A by the extending force than on mass B by the compressing force. e. The total work done on mass A by the extending force was equal to the total work done on mass B by the compressing force.

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9. A 3.0-kg block is on a horizontal surface. The block is at rest when, at t = 0, a force (magnitude P = 12 N) acting parallel to the surface is applied to the block causing it to accelerate. The coefficient of kinetic friction between the block and the surface is 0.20. At what rate is the force P doing work on the block at t = 2.0 s? a. 54 W b. 49 W c. 44 W d. 59 W e. 24 W

____ 10. The only force acting on a 2.0-kg object moving along the x axis is shown. If the velocity vx is +2.0 m/s at t = 0, what is the velocity at t = 4.0 s?

a. b. c. d. e.

+4.0 m/s +5.0 m/s +6.0 m/s +7.0 m/s +2.0 m/s

____ 11. A wheel (radius = 0.25 m) is mounted on a frictionless, horizontal axis. The moment of inertia of the wheel about the axis is 0.040 kgm2. A light cord wrapped around the wheel supports a 0.50-kg object as shown in the figure. The object is released from rest. What is the magnitude of the acceleration of the 0.50-kg object?

a. b. c. d. e.

3.0 m/s2 3.4 m/s2 4.3 m/s2 3.8 m/s2 2.7 m/s2

____ 12. A uniform rod (mass = 1.5 kg) is 2.0 m long. The rod is pivoted about a horizontal, frictionless pin through one end. The rod is released from rest in a horizontal position. What is the angular speed of the rod when the rod makes an angle of 30 with the horizontal? (The moment of inertia of the rod about the pin is 2.0 kgm2). a. 2.2 rad/s b. 3.6 rad/s c. 2.7 rad/s d. 3.1 rad/s e. 1.8 rad/s

____ 13. A small sphere attached to a light rigid rod rotates about an axis perpendicular to and fixed to the other end of the rod. Relative to the positive direction of the axis of rotation, the angular positions of the sphere are negative, its angular velocity is negative, and its angular acceleration is positive. The sphere is a. rotating clockwise and slowing down. b. rotating counterclockwise and slowing down. c. rotating clockwise and speeding up. d. rotating counterclockwise and speeding up. e. first rotating counterclockwise and then clockwise. ____ 14. A uniform 100-lb beam is held in a vertical position by a pin at its lower end and a cable at its upper end. A horizontal force (magnitude P) acts as shown in the figure. If P = 75 lb, what is the tension in the cable?

a. b. c. d. e.

54 lb 69 lb 47 lb 61 lb 75 lb

____ 15. A body of mass 5.0 kg is suspended by a spring which stretches 10 cm when the mass is attached. It is then displaced downward an additional 5.0 cm and released. Its position as a function of time is approximately a. y = 0.10 sin 9.9t b. y = 0.10 cos 9.9t c. y = 0.10 cos (9.9t + .1) d. y = 0.10 sin (9.9t + 5) e. y = 0.05 cos 9.9t ____ 16. The figure shows a uniform rod (length L = 1.0 m, mass = 2.0 kg) suspended from a pivot a distance d = 0.25 m above its center of mass. The angular frequency (in rad/s) for small oscillations is approximately

a. b. c. d. e.