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TUBERIA DE COBRE, SEGN ASTM B-88

Medida
Nominal

Dimetro
exterior

1 /4"
6.35 mm
3/8"
9.5 mm
1 /2"
12.7 mm
5/8"
15.8 mm
3/4"
19 mm.
1"
25 mm.
1 1 /4"
32 mm.
1 1 /2"
38 mm.
2"
51 mm.
2 1 /2"
64 mm.
3"
76 mm.
3 1 /2"
89 mm.
4"
102 mm.
5"
128 mm

3/8"
9.525 mm
1 /2"
12.700 mm.
5/8"
15.875 mm
3/4"
19.050 mm.
7/8"
22.225 mm.
1 1 /8"
28.575 mm.
1.3/8"
34.925 mm.
1.5/8"
41.275 mm.
2. 1 /8"
53.975 mm.
2.5/8"
66.675 mm.
3 .1 /8"
79.375 mm.
3.5/8"
92.075mm
4 .1 /8"
104.77 mm.
5. 1 /8"
142.87 mm.

COBRE TIPO M
GRUESO
PARED

025"
.635 mm
.025"
.635 mm
.028"
.711 mm

.032"
.812 mm
.035"
899 mm
.042"
966 mm
.049"
1.24 mm
.058"
1.47 mm
.065"
1.68 mm
.072"
1.83 mm
.083"
2.11 mm
.095"
2.41 mm
.109"
2.77 mm

PESO
Kg / m

PRESCION DE
TRABAJO
(PSI)

.159

1.226

.216

900

.304

806

488

658

.692

560

1015

550

1.400

542

2.172

491

3.020

445

3.988

414

5.327

412

6.934

414

9.910

383

COBRE TIPO L
GRUESO
PARED

.030"
762 mm.
.035"
899 mm
.040"
1.016 mm
042 "
1.067 mm
045"
1.143 mm
.050"
1.270 mm
.055
1.397 mm
.060"
1.524 mm
070 "
1.778 mm
080"
2.032 mm
090"
2.286 mm
100 "
2.540 mm
110"
2.794 mm
125"
3.175 mm

PESO
Kg / m

PRESIN DE
TRABAJO (PSI)

.187

1.440

.295

1.260

.424

1.152

.539

1.008

.677

926

.975

800

1.315

720

1.696

664

2.604

593

3.690

548

4.955

518

6.348

496

8.005

480

11.324

439

COBRE TIPO K
GRUESO
PARED

.49"
1.245 mm
049"
1.245 mm
049"
1.245 mm
.065"
1.651 mm
.065"
1.651 mm
.065"
1.651 mm
.072"
1.829 mm
.083"
2.108 mm
095"
2.143 mm
109"
2.769 mm
120"
3.048 mm
.134"
3.404 mm
.160"
4.064 mm

PESO
Kg / m

PRESION DE
TRABAJO(PSI

400

1.764

.512

1.411

.622

1.176

.954

1.337

1.248

1.04

1.548

852

2.024

797

3.065

703

4.360

643

5.952

627

7.619

595

9.867

584

14.389

561

TUBERIAS DE PVC ASTM


Dimetro
mm
12
18
25
31
38
50
62
75
100
150
200
25
31
38
50
62
75
100
150
200
250
300
38
50
62
75
100
150
200
250
300
75
100
150
200
250
300

pulg..
1/2"
3/4"
1"
1-1 /4"
1-1 /2"
2"
2-1/2"
3"
4"
6"
8"
1"
1-1/4"
1-1/2"
2"
2-1/2"
3"
4"
6"
8"
10"
12"
1-1/2"
2"
2-1/2"
3"
4"
6"
8"
10"
12"
3"
4"
6"
8"
10"
12"

SDR
13.5
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
32.5
32.5
32.5
32.5
32.5
32.5
32.5
32.5
32.5
41
41
41
41
41
41

Presin de trabajo Largo Di. medio exterior Espesor min. de pared Di. medio interior Presin de ruptura
si
k /cm2
mm
pulg. .
mm
pulg. .
mm
pulg. .
si
k /cm2
13.5
22.1
6
21.34
840
1.57
0.062
18.20
0.716
1000
70.02
250
17.6
6
26.67
1,050
1.57
0.062
23.53
0.926
800
56.2
250
17.6
6
33.40
1,315
1.96
0.077
29.48
1.161
800
56.2
250
17.6
6
42.16
1,660
2.49
0.098
37.18
1.464
800
56.2
250
17.6
6
48.26
1, 900
2.84
0.112
42.58
1.676
800
56.2
250
17.6
6
60.33
2,375
3.56
0-140
53.21
2.095
800
56.2
250
17.6
6
73.03
2,875
4.29
0.169
54.45
2.537
800
56.2
250
17.6
6
88.90
3,500
5.23
0.206
78.44
3.088
800
56.2
250
17.6
6
114.30
4,500
6.73
0.256
100.84
3.970
800
56.2
250
17.6
6
168.28
6,625
9.91
0.390
148.46
5.845
800
56.2
250
17.6
6
219.80
8,625
12.90
0.508
193.26
7.609
800
56.2
160
11.2
6
33.40
1,315
1.52
0.060
30.36
1.195
510
35.1
160
11.2
6
42.16
1,660
1.63
0.064
38.90
1.532
510
35.1
160
11.2
6
48.26
1,900
1.85
0.073
44.56
1.754
510
35.1
160
11.2
6
60.33
2,375
2.31
0.091
55.71
2.193
510
35.1
160
11.2
6
73.03
2,875
2.79
0.110
67.45
2.655
510
35.1
160
11.2
6
88.90
3,500
3.43
0.135
82.04
3.230
510
35.1
160
11.2
6
114.30
4,500
4.39
0.173
105.52
4.154
510
35.1
160
11.2
6
168.28
6,625
6.48
0.255
155.32
6.115
510
35.1
160
11.2
6
219.08
8,625
8.43
0.322
202.22
7.961
510
35.1
160
11.2
6
273.05
10,750
10.49
0.413
252.07
9.924
510
35.1
160
11.2
6
323.85
12,750
12.45
0.490
298.95 11.770
510
35.1
125
8.8
6
48.26
1,900
1.52
0.060
45.22
1.780
400
28.1
125
8.8
6
60.33
2,375
1.85
0.073
56.63
2.229
400
28.1
125
8.8
6
73.03
2,875
2.24
0.088
68.55
2.699
400
28.1
125
8.8
6
88.90
3,500
2.74
0.108
83.42
3.284
400
28.1
125
8.8
6
114.30
4,500
3.51
0.138
107.28
4.224
400
28.1
125
8.8
6
16.28
6,625
5.18
0.204
157.92
6.217
400
28.1
125
8.8
6
219.08
8,625
6,73
0.265
205.62
8.095
400
28.1
125
8.8
6
273.05
10,750
8.41
0.331
256.23 10.088
400
28.1
125
8.8
6
323.85
12,750
9.96
0.392
303.93 11.966
400
28.1
100
7
6
88.90
3,500
2.16
0.085
84.58
3.330
315
22.1
100
7
6
144.30
4,500
2.79
0.110
108.72
4.280
315
22.1
100
7
6
158.28
6,625
4.11
0.162
160.08
6.303
315
22.1
100
7
6
219.08
8,625
5.33
0.210
208.42
8.205
315
22.1
100
7
6
273.05
10,750
6.65
0.262
259.75 10.226
315
22.1
100
7
6
323.85
12,750
7.90
0.311
308.05 12.128
315
22.1

Peso Aprox.
/tubo k rs
0.87
1.11
1.73
2.75
3.62
5.62
8.22
12.19
20.16
43.69
74.24
1.36
1:48
2.39 _
3.73
5.50
8.19
13.50
29.29
49.70
76.90
108.29
1.85
2.89
4.24
6.58
10.84
23.54
39.94
62.22
87.51
5.18
8.74
18.90
31.92
49.58
69.86

Tubera ASTM A53 con costura y sin costura y ASTM A 106 sin costura
DIAMETRO
NOMINAL
Pulg

CLASE
sch No.

CEDULA
No.

1/4

(STD)
XS
(STD)
XS
(STD)
(XS)
(STD)
(XS)
(STD)
(XS)
XXS
(STD)
(XS)
XXS
(STD)
(XS)
XXS
(STD)
(XS)
XXS
(STD)
(XS)
XXS
(STD)
(XS)
(STD)
(XS)

40
80
40
80
40
80
160
40
80
40
80
160
40
80
160
40
80
160
40
80
160
40
80
160
40
80
160
40
80

3/8

1/2

3/4

11/4

1 1/2

2 1/2

3 1/2

DIAMETR DIAMETRO
O
INTERIOR
EXTERIOR
pulg. mm pulg.
0.540 13.70 0.364
0.302
0.675 17.10 0.493
0.381
0.622
0.840 21.30 0.546
0.464
0.824
1.050 26.70 0.742
0.612
1.049
1.315 33.40 0.957
0.815
0.599
1.380
1.660 42.20 1.278
1.160
0.896
1.610
1.900 48.30 1.500
1.338
1.100
2.067
2.375 60.30 1.939
1.687
1.503
2.469
2.875 73.00 2.323
2.125
1.771
3.250
3.188
3.124
3.500 88.90 3.068
3.000
2.938
2.900
2.624
3.750
3.688
3.624
4.000 101.60 3.548
3.500
3.438
3.364

mm
9.22
7.66
12.48
10.70
15.76
13.84
11.74
20.96
18.88
15.58
26.28
24.30
20.70
15.22
34.84
32.50
29.50
22.80
40.94
38.14
34.02
27.98
52.48
49.22
42.82
38.16
62.68.
58.98
53.94
44.96
82.54
80.98 r
79.34
77.92
76.20
74.62
73.66
66.64
95.24
93.68
92.04
90.12
88.90
87.32
85.44

ESPESOR
DE
PARED
pulg.
0.088
0.119
0.091
0.147
0.109
0.147
0.188
0.113
0.154
0.219
0.133
0.179
0.250
0.358
0.140
0.191
0.250
0.382
0.145
0.200
0.281
0.400
0.154
0.218
0.344
0.436
0.203
0.276
0.375
0.552
0.125
0.156
0.188
0.216
0.250
0.281
0.300
0.438
0.125
0.156
0.188
0.226
0.250
0.281
0.318

mm
2.24
3.02
2.31
3.2
2.77
3.73
4.78
2.87
3.91
5.56
3.56
4.55
6.35
9.09
3.68
4.85
6.35
9.7
3.68
5.08
7.14
10.16
3.91
5.54
8.74
11.07
5.16
7.01
9.53
14.02
3.18
3.96
4.78
5.49
6.35
7.14
7.6211.13
3.18
3.96
4.78
5.74
6.35
7.14
8.08

PESO
GRADO
lbl ie
0.42
0.54
0.57
0.74
0.85
1.09
1.31
1.13
1.48
1.94
1.68
2.17
2.84
3.66
2.27
3.00
3.76
5.21
2.72
3.63
4.86
6.41
3.65
5.02
7.46
9.03
5.79
7.66
10.01
13.70
4.51
5.57
6.65
7.58
8.68
9.66
10.25
14.32
5.17
6.40
7.65
9.11
10.01
11.16
12.51

kIm
0.36
0.47
0.62
0.79
1.27
1.62
1.95
1.69
2.20
2.89
2.50
3.23
4.23
5.45
3.38
4.47
5.60
7.76
4.05
5.41
7.24
9.55
5.44
7.48
11.11
13.45
8.63
11.41
14.91
20.41
6.72
8.30
9.91
11.29
12.93
14.39
15.27
21.34
7.70
9.54
11.40
13.57
14.91
16.63
18.64

K I ft
0.11
0.14
0.19
0.24
0.39
0.49
0.59
0.51
0.67
0.88
0.76
0.99
1.29
1.66
1.03
1.36
1.71
2.37
1.23
1.65
2.21
2.92
1.66
2.28
3.39
4.10
2.63
3.48
4.54
6.22
2.05
2.53
3.02
3.44
3.94
4.39
4.65
6.50
2.35
2.91
3.47
4.14
4.54
5.07
5.68

PRESION PRUEBA
A
GRADO

Vol/m Vol/pie
B

Lb/pulg.2 kg/cm2 Lb/ pulg2 kg/ cm


700
49
700
49
850
60
850
60
700
49
700
49
850
60
850
60
700
49
700
49
850
60
850
60
900
63
900
63
700
49
700
49
850
60
850
60
950
67
950
67
700
49
700
49
850
60
850
60
950
67
950
67
1000
70
1000
70
1200
70
1300
1800
105
1900
112
1900
134
2000
141
2200
155
2300
162
1200
70
1100
77
1800
105
1600
112
1950
137
2050
144
2200
155
2300
162
2300
162
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
1290
91
1500
105
1600
113
1870
132
1930
136
2260
159
2220
156
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
1120
79
1310
92
1400
98
1640
115
1690
119
1970
139
2030
143
2370
167
2250
158
2500
176
2500
176
2500
176
2800
197
2800
197

m3
pie3
0.0002 0.002
0.0003 0.003

0.0004 0.004

0.0007 0.007

0.0011 0.012

0.0018 0.0 02

0.0023 0.025

0.0036 0.039

0.0053 0.057

0.0079 0.085

0.0103 0.111

Tubera ASTM A53 con costura y sin costura y ASTM A 106 sin costura

Dimetro
NOMINAL
pul

CLASE

CEDULA
No.

sch No.

(STD)
(XS)
(XXS)
(STD)
(XS)
(XXS)
(STD)
(XS)
(STD)
(XS)
(XXS)
-

40
80
120
160
40
80
120
40
80
120
160
20
30
40
60
80
100
120
140
160

DIAMETRO
EXTERIOR
pulg mm

4.500 114.30

5.563 141.30

6.625 168.30

8.625

219.10

DIAMETRO
INTERIOR
Pulg
mm

4.250
4.188
4.062
4.062
4.026
4.000
3.938
3.876
3.826
3.624
3.438
3.152
5.251
5.187
5.125
5.047
5.001
4.939
4.875
4.813
4.563
4.313
6.249
6.187
6.125
6.065
6.001
5.937
5.875
5.761
5.501
5.187
8.249
8.219
8.187
8.125
8.071
8.001
7.981
7.937
7.875
7.813
7.749
7.625
7 437
7.187
7.001
6.875
6.813

107.94
106.38
103.18
103.18
102.26
101.60
100.02
98.46
97.18
92.04
87.32
80.06
133.38
131.74
130.18
128.20
127.02
125.46
123.82
122.24
115.90
109.56
158.74
157.18
155.60
154.08
152.46
150.82
149.24
146.36
139.76
131.78
209.54
208.78
207.98
206.40
205.02
203.26
202.74
20162
200.04
198.48
196.84
193.70
188.92
182.58
197.86
174.64
173.08

ESPESOR
DE PARED
pulg
mm

0.125
0.156
0.219
0.219
0.237
0.250
0.281
0.312
0.337
0.438
0.531
0.674
0.156
0.188
0.219
0.258
0.281
0.312
0.344
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.188
0.219
0.250
0.280
0.312
0.344
0.375
0.432
0.562
0.719
0.188
0.203
0.219
0.250
0.277
0.312
0.322
0.344
0.375
0.406
0.438
0.500
0.594
0.719
0.812
0.875
0.906

3.18
3.96
5.56
5.56
6.02
6.35
7.14
7.92
8.56
11.13
13.49
17.12
3.96
4.78
5.56
6.55
7.14
7.92
8.74
9.53
12.7
15.87
4.78
5.56
6.35
7.11
7.92
8.74
9.53
10.97
14.27
18.26
4.78
5.16
5.56
6.35
7.04
7.92
8.18
8.74
9.53
10.31
11.13
12.70
15.09
18.26
10.62
22.23
23.01

PESO
Lb/pie

Kg/m

Kg/ft

5.84
7.24
10.01
10.01
10.79
11.35
12.66
13.98
14.98
19.00
22.51
27.54
9.01
10.79
12.50
14.62
15.85
17.50
19.17
20.78
27.04
32.96
12.92
14.98
17.02
18.97
21.04
23.08
25.03
28.57
36.39
45.35
16.94
18.26
19 66
22.36
24.70
27.70
28.55
30.42
33.04
35.64
38.30
43.39
50.95
60.71
67.76
72.42
74.69

8.70
10.79
14.91
14.91
16.08
16.91
18.86
20.83
22.32
28.31
33.54
41.03
13.42
16.08
18.62
21.78
23.62
26.07
28.56
30.96
40.29
49.11
19.25
22.32
25.36
28.26
31.35
34.39
37.29
42.57
54.22
67.57
25.24
27.21
29.29
33.32
36.80
41.27
42.54
45.33
49.23
53.10
57.07
64.65
75.92
90.46
100.96
107.91
111.29

2.65
3.29
4.54
4.54
4.90
5.15
5.75
6.35
6.80
8.63
10.22
12.50
4.09
4.90
5.68
6.64
7.20
7.95
8.70
9.43
12.28
14.96
5.87
6.80
7.73
8.61
9.55
10.48
11.36
12.97
16.52
20.59
7.69
8.29
8.93
10.15
11.21
12.58
12.96
13.81
15.00
16.18
17.39
19.70
23.13
27.56
30.76
32.88
33.91

PRESION PRUEBA
Vol/m Vol/pie
GRADO A GRADO B
Lb/pul2 kg/cm2 Lb/pul2 kg/cm2 m3
pie3

1000
1250
1500
1750
1900
2000
2250
2500
2700
2800
2800
2800
1010
1220
1420
1670
1820
2020
2230
2430
2800
2800
1020
1190
1360
1420
1700
1870
2040
2350
2800
2800
780
850
910
1040
1160
1300
1340
1440
1570
1700
1830
2090
2500
2800
2800
2800
2800

70
88
105
123
134
141
158
176
190
197
197
197
71
86
100
117
128
142
157
171
197
197
72
84
96
100
120
132
143
165
197
197
55
60
64
73
82
92
94
101
111
120
129
147
176
197
197
197
197

1170
1460
1750
2040
2210
2330
2620
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800
1180
1420
1650
1950
2120
2360
2600
2800
2800
2800
1190
1390
1580
1780
1980
2180
2380
2740
2800
2800
920
1000
1070
1220
1350
1520
1570
1680
1830
2000
2130
2430
2800
2800
2800
2800
2800

82
103
123
143
155
164
184
197
197
197
197
197
83
100
116
137
149
166
183
197
197
197
84
98
111
125
139
153
167
193
197
197
65
70
75
86
95
107
110
118
129
141
150
171
197
197
197
197
197

0.0130 0.140

0.0199 0.214

0.0280 0.301

0.0480 0.517

Tubera ASTM A53 con costura y sin costura y ASTM A 106 sin costura
DIAMETRO CLASE CEDULA DIAMETRO
NOMINAL
No.
EXTERIOR
ul mm
pulg
sch No.
20
30
10
(STD)
40
10.750 273.0
(XS)
60
80
100
120
(XXS)
140
160
20
30
12
(STD)
12.750 323.80
40
(XS)
60
80
100
(XXS)
120
140
160

Punto de Fluencia
Norma Grado PSI

A-53
API-5L
A-500
A-120

A
B
A-25
A
B
A
B
C

DIAMETRO
INTERIOR
ul
mm
10.374
263.44
10.344
262.68
10.312
261.88
10.250
260.30
10.192
258.82
10.020
254.46
10.062
255.52
10.020
254.46
9.874
250.74
9.750
247.60
9.562
242.82
9.312
236.48
9.062
230.12
8.750
222.20
8.500
215.84
12.344
313.48
12.312
312.68
12.250
311.10
12.188
309.52
12.126
307.96
12.090
307.04
12.062
306.32
12.000
304.76
11.938
303.18
11.874
301.54
11.750
298.40
11.626
295.26
11.374
288.84
11.062
280.92
10.750
273.00
10.502
266.64
10.126
257.16

ESPESOR
DE PARED
ul mm
0.188
4.78
0.203
5.16
0.219
5.56
0.250
6.35
0.279
7.09
0.307
7.80
0.344
8.74
0.365
9.27
0.438
11.13
0.500
12.70
0.594
15.09
0.719
18.26
0.844
21.44
1.000
25.40
1.125
28.58
0.203
5.16
0.219
5.56
0.250
6.35
0.281
7.14
0.312
7.92
0.330
8.38
0.344
8.74
0.375
9.52
0.406
10.31
0.438
11.13
0.500
12.70
0.562
14.27
0.688
17.48
0.844
21.44
1.000
25.40
1.124
28.58
1.312
33.32

Resistencia a la tensin

Kg/cm2 Mpa o PSI


N/mm2

kg/cm2 Mpa o
N/mm2

PESO
Ib/ ie k / m K 1 ft
21.21
31.60 9.63
22.87
34.08 10.38
24.63
36.70 11.18
28.04
41.78 12.73
31.20
46.49 14.16
34.24
51.02 15.54
38.23
56.96 17.36
40.48
60.32 18.38
48.19
71.80 21.88
54.74
81.56 24.85
64.43
96.00 29.15
77.03
114.77 34.97
89.29
133.04 40.54
104.13
155.15 47.28
115.65
172.32 52.41
27.20
40.53 12.35
29.31
43.67 13.31
33.38
49.74 15.15
37.42
55.76 16.99
41.45
61.76 18.82
43.77
65.22 19.87
45.58
67.91 20.69
49.56
73.84 22.50
53.52
79.74 24.30
57.59
85.81 26.15
65.42
97.48 29.70
73.15
108.97 33.21
88.63
132.06 40.24
107.32
159.91 48.72
125.49
186.98 56.97
139.68
208.12 63.41
160.27
238.80 72.76

PRESTON PRUEBA
GRADO A GRADO B

Vol/m Vol/pie

Lb/pul2 kg/cm2 Lb/pul2 kg/cm2 m3

630
680
730
840
930
1030
1150
1220
1470
1670
1990
2410
2800
2800
2800
570
620
710
790
880
930
970
1060
1150
1240
1410
1590
1940
2390
2800
2800
2800

44
48
51
59
65
72
81
86
103
117
140
169
197
197
197
40
44
50
56
62
65
68
75
81
87
99
112
136
168
197
197
197

730
800
860
980
1090
1200
1340
1430
1710
1950
2320
2800
2800
2800
2800
670
720
820
930
1030
1090
1130
1240
1340
140
1650
1850
2270
2780
2800
2800
2800

ie3

51
56
60
69
77
84
94
101 0.0740
120
137
163
197
197
197
197
47
51
58
65
72
77
79
87 0.1040
94
10
116
130
160
195
197
197
197

0.797

1.120

Composicin Qumica
Carbn
(C)

Manganeso Fsforo Azufre Cobre Nquel Cromo Molibdeno Vanadio


(Mn)
(P)
(Cr)1
(Mo)1
(S) (CU)1 (Ni)1
(V)1

48,000 3,374
331
30,000
2,109
207
0.25
0.95
0.05
0.05 0.4
60,000 4,218
414
35,000
2,461
241
0.30
1.20
0.05
0.05 0.4
25,000 2,008
172
45,000
3,614
310
0.21
0.30-0.60
0.05
0.06
30,000 2,409
207
48,000
3,854
331
0.21
0.90
0.04
0.05
35,000 2,811
241
60,000
4,818
413
0.26
1.15
0.04
0.05
33,000 2,320
228
45,000
3,164
310
0.30
0.045 0.045 0.18
42,000 2,953
290
58,000
4,077
400
0.30
0.045 0.045 0.18
46,000 3,234
317
62,000
4,359
427
0.27
1.40
0.045 0.045 0.18
Esta especificacin ha sido anulada en 1988 para en su lugar utilizar la especificacin
ASTM A-53

0.4
0.4

0.4
0.4

0.15
0.15

0.08
0.08

Tubera segn BS 1387 (Utilizada para la tubera Galvanizada)

TUBO

TAMANO
EXTERNO
NOMINAL
in
mm
1 /2
15
3/4
20
1
25
*LIVIANO 1 1/4
32
1 1 /2
40
2
50
21/2"
65
3
80
4
100
1 /2
15
3/4
20
1
25
1 1 /4
32
1 1 /2
40
2
50
MEDIO
2 1/2"
65
3
80
4
100
5
125
6
150

DIAMETRO EXTERNO DEL


TUBO NEGRO
MAX.
MIN
in.
mm
in.
mm
0.841
21.4
0.825
21.0
1.059
26.9
1.041
26.4
1.328
33.8
1.309
33.2
1,670
42.5
1,650
41.9
1.903
48.4
1.882
47.8
2,370
60.2
2.347
59.6
2.991
76.0
2,960
75.2
3.491
88.7
3,460
87.9
4.481
113.9
4,450 113.0
0.856
21.7
0.831
21.1
1.072
27.2
1.047
26.6
1.346
34.2
1.316
33.4
1.687
42.9
1.657
42.1
1.919
48.8
1.889
48.0
2.394
60.8
2.354
59.8
3.014
76.6
2.969
75.4
3.524
89.5
3.469
88.1
4.524
114.9
4.459 113.3
5.534
140.6
5.469 138.7
6.539
166.1
6.459 164.1

Espesor de
Pared
in
0.080
0.092
0.104
0.104
0.116
0.116
0.128
0.128
0.144
0.104
0.104
0.128
0.128
0.128
0.144
0.144
0.160
0.176
0.192
0.192

mm
2.00
2.35
2.65
2.65
2.90
2.90
3.25
3.25
3.65
2.65
2.65
3.25
3.25
3.25
3.65
3.65
4.05
4.50
4.85
4.85

PESO DEL TUBO NEGRO


ESQUINAS LISAS ROSCADO Y CON ACOPLES
ib/ft
0.640
0.944
1.350
1.730
2.190
2.760
3.900
4.580
6.640
0.822
1.060
1.640
2.110
2.430
3.420
4.380
5.690
8.140
10.900
12.900

k /ft
0.290
0.428
0.612
0.785
0.993
1.250
1.770
2.080
3.010
0.373
0.481
0.744
0.957
1.100
1.550
1.990
2.580
3.690
4.940
5.850

k /m
0.952
1.410
2.010
2.580
3.250
4.110
5.800
6.810
9.890
1.220
1.580
2.440
3.140
3.610
5.100
6.510
8.470
12.100
16.200
19.200

ib/ft
0.646
0.954
1.360
1.750
2.220
2.810
3.980
4.690
6.840
0.828
1.070
1.650
2.130
2.460
3.470
4.460
5.800
8.340
11.200
13.300

k /ft
0.293
0.433
0.617
0.794
1.010
1.270
1.810
2.130
3.100
0.376
0.485
0.748
0.966
1.120
1.570
2.020
2.630
3.780
5.080
6.030

k /m
0.961
1.420
2.030
2.610
3.290
4.180
5.920
6.980
10.200
1.230
1.590
2.460
3.170
3.650
5.170
6.630
8.640
12.400
16.700
19.800

RANGOS DE PRESTON - TEMPERATURA PARA VALVULAS ESTANDAR


SEGUN ANSI B16.

TEMPERATURA

PRESION DE TRABAJO (psi)


HIERRO FUNDIDO

(-) 20 - 100
150
200
250
300
350
400
406
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800

(-)29-37,8
66
93
121
149
177
204
208
232
260
288
316
343
371
399
427

ASTM A-126 Gr. B


CLASE
CLASE
125
250
200
500
200
500
190
460
175
415
165
375
150
335
140
290
135
280
125
250

HIERRO
DUCTIL
ASTM A395
CLASE
150
250
243
235
225
215
210
200
185
170
155
140
125

ACERO FUNDIDO
ASTM A-216 WCB
CLASE
CLASE CLASE
150
300
125
285
740
200
273
708
185
260
675
170
245
665
155
230
655
140
215
645
125
200
635
120
195
628
185
618
170
600
155
575
I
140
550
125
535
110
535
95
505
80
410

BRONCE
ASTM B-62 ASTM B-61
CLASE 150 CLASE 200
300
300
270
240
210
180
156
150
145

400
400
360
320
280
240

CLASE
300
600
560
525
490
450
410
375
368
340
300

ACERO
FORJADO
ASTM A 105
CLASE 800
1975
1888
1800
1775
1750
1720
1690
1681
1643
1595
1528
1460
1430
1420
1345
1100

TABLA DE COMPATIBILIDAD DE MATERIALESASTM


Tubo

A-53
A-1068
A-312 T304
A-312 3041A-312 T316
A-312 3161A-312-317
A-312-321
A-790 2205
A-333 Grado 6
A-333 Grado 3
A-355 P-1
A-355 P-12
A-355 P-11
A-355 P-22
A-355 P-5
A-355 P-9
B-161/Nicke1200
B-165/Monel`400
B-167/Inconel"600
B-167/Inconel/"625
B-444/Alloy 800
B-407/Alloy 825
B-464/allo 20
B-337gr2
B-337 r7

Accesorios
soldables

Roscados y casquillo Bridas


soldables (SW)
Acero al Carbon
A-234 WPB
A-105, (A-181)
A-105, (A-181)
A-234 WPB
A-105, A-181
A-105, A-181
Acero Inoxidable
A-403 WP-304
A-182 F304
A-182 F304
A-403 WP-3041- A-182 F-3041A-182 F-3041A-403 WP-316
A-182 F-316
A-182 F-316
A-403 WP-3161- A-182 F-3161A-182F-3161A-403 WP317
A-182 F-317
A-182 F-317
A-403 WP-321
A-182 F-321
A-182 F-321
A-815
A-182,F51
A-182
Metales de baja Temperatura
A-420 WPL 6
A-350LF2
A-350LF2
A-420 WPL 3
A-350LF-3
A-350LF-3
Aleacin Cromo Monel
A-234 WP-1
A-182 F-1
A-182 F-1
A-234 WP-12
A-182 F-12
A-182 F-12
A-234 WP-11
A-182 F-11
A-182 F-11
A-234 WP-22
A-182 F-22
A-182 F-22
A-234 WP-5
A-182 F-5
A-182 F-5
A-234 WP-9
A-182 F-9
A-182 F-9
Aleaciones de Niquel
B-366
B-160
B-160
B-366
B-564,164
B-564,164
B-366
B-564
B-564, 166
B-366
B-564
B-564, 446
B-366
B-564, 408
B-564, 408
B-366
B-425
B-425
B-366
B-462, 473
B-462, 473
Titanio
B-363
B-348,381
B-348,381
B-363
B-348,381
B-348,381

Vlvulas

A105/A-216 WCB
A105/A-216 WCB
A-182 F304/A-351 CF8
A-182 F-304L/A-296 CF3
A-182 F-316 a-351 CF8M
A-182F-316UA-351 CF3M
A-182 F-317
A-182 F-321/A-351 CF8C
Conocido como duplex
A-350LF2
A-350LF-3/A-352 LCS
A-217 WC-6
A-217 WC-6
A-182 F-11 /A-217WC-6
A-182 F-22 A-217WC-9
A-217WC-6 A-217WC-5
A-182 F-9 A-217WC-12

Conocido como Inconel'


Conocido como Incoloy
Conocido como Incoloy
Trademark Inco Allo s

mm pulgadas

mm

pulgadas

0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
0
95
96
97
98
99
100

1.8110
1.8504
1.8898
1.9291
1.9685
2.0079
2.0472
2.0866
2.1260
2.1654
2.2047
2.2441
2.2835
2.3228
2.3622
2.4016
2.4409
2.4803
2.5197
2.5591
2.5984
2.6378
2.6772
2.7165
2.7559
2.7953
2.8346
2.8740
2.9134
2.9528
2.9921
3.0315
3.0709
023.11
3.1496
3.1890
3.2283
3.2677
3.3071
3.3465
3.3858
3.4252
3.4646
3.5039
3.5433
3.5827
3.6220
3.6614
3.7008
3.7402
3.7795
3.8189
3.8583
3.8976
3.9370

0.0039
0.0079
0.0118
0.0157
0.0197
0.0236
0.0276
0.0315
0.0354
0.0394
0.0787
0.1181
0.1575
0.1969
0.2362
0.2756
0.3150
0.3543
0.3937
0.4331
0.4724
0.5118
0.5512
0.5906
0.6299
0.6693
0.7087
0.7480
0.7874
0.8268
0.8661
0.9055
0.9449
0.9843
1.0236
1.0630
1.1024
1.1417
1.1811
1.2205
1.2598
1.2992
1.3386
1.3780
1.4173
1.4567
1.4961
1.5354
1.5748
1.6142
1.6535
1.6929
1.7323
1.7717

TABLA DE CORROSION
1. BRONCE.
2. HIERRO FUNDIDO.
3. ACERO ORDINARIO.
4. ACEROINOXIDABLE.18/8
5. TEFLON
6. NEOPRENO
B: BUENA RESISTENCIA.
L: RESISTENCIA LIMITADA.
M: NO CONVIENE SU UTILIZACION.

1
Aceites vegetales
Aceite combustible
Alquitranes
Acetatos crudos
Acetados puros
Acetona
Acido actico 25%
Acido benzico
Acido brico
Acido carbolico20%
Acido clorhdrico
Acido ctrico
Acido fluorhdrico
Acido frmico
Acido lctico 10%
Acido ntrico 20%
Acido oxlico 10%
Acido fosfrico 50%
Acido pcrico
Acido piroglico
Acido sulfuroso, sat
Acido sulfrico, conc
Acido tnico 10%
Acido tartrico
Acetileno
Agua destilada
Agua de mar
Agua oxigenada
Aguarrs
Aire comprimido
Alcoholes
Alquitrn
Amonaco, gas
Amonaco anidra
Anilinas
Azufre
Barniz, caliente
Benzeno, caliente
Bicarbonato de sdio
Bicromato de potasio
Bisulfito de potasio
Bisulfito de calcio
Bromo seco
Borato de sodio
Butano
Carbonato de sodio

M
L
B
M
M
B
M
L
M
L
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
L
M
M
L
M
M
L
B
M
L
B
L
B
M
M
M
M
M
B
M
M
M
M
L
L
B
M

2
B
L
B
M
M
B
M
M
M
L
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
L
M
B
M
L
M
L
B
L
B
B
B
M
M
L
L
L
L
M
M
M
M
L
L

3
B
B
B
M
M
L
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
L
M
M
M
M
B
M
M
M
L
B
L
B
B
B
M
M
L
L
M
M
M
M
M
M
L
L

4
B
B
B
B
B
B
L
L
L
B
L
B
M
M
L
B
L
L
B
B
L
L
B
L
B
B
L
B
L
B
B
B
B
B
B
L
B
B
B
B
B
L
M
L
B
B

5
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
M
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
L
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B

6
L
M
M
M
M
M
M
L
B
M
L
B
M
B
A
M
L
B
B
B
M
B
L
L
L
L
B
L
M
B
L
M
B
L
M
L
M
M
B
B
B
B
B
B
R
B

Cerad
Cianuro de potasio
Cloro (gas seco)
Cloro (gas hmedo)
Cloroformo (seco)
Cloruro de magnesio
Cloruro de Metilo
Cloruro de Potasio
Cloruro de Sodio
Cloruro de Zinc
Creosota
Eter
Fenol
Freon (gas hmedo)
Gas lquido de petrleo
Gas natural
Gelatinas
Glucosas
Glcerinas
Hidrgeno (gas)
Hipoclorito de potasio
Jabn lquido
Jugo de cebolla
Jugos de frutas
Jugo de manzana
Kerosene
Ltex
Leches
Mercurio
Monxido de Carbono
Nitrato de amonio
Nitrato de cobre
Nitrato de hierro
Nitrato de plata
Nitrobenzina
Oxgeno
Parafinas
Petrleo crudo
Potasa custica
Resina fenlica
Sal
Salmuera neutra
Soda custica
Sulfato de aluminio
Sulfato de amonio
Sulfato de cobre
Sulfato de hierro
Sulfato de magnesio
Sulfato de potasio
Sulfato de zinc
Tanino
Urea
Vapor saturado
Vinagre
Vinos
Yodo
Yodoformo

1
B
M
L
M
L
L
B
L
L
M
B
B
L
L
B
L
L
B
L
B
M
M
M
L
L
B
B
M
M
B
M
M
M
M
L
B
B
M
M
M
L
B
M
M
M
M
M
L
L
L
L
L
B
M
L
M
M

2
B.
L
L
M
L
M
L
M
L
M
B
B
L
M
M
B
M
L
B
B
M
L
M
M
M
B
L
M
B
L
M
M
M
M
L
L
B
L
L
L
L
B
L
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
L
M
B
M
M
M
M

3
B
L
L
M
L
M
M
M
M
M
B
L
L
M
L
B
M
L
B
B
M
M
M
M
M
B
L
M
B
B
M
M
M
M
L
B
B
B
L
L
M
L
L
M
M
M
M
M
L
M
M
M
B
M
M
M
L

4
B
B
B
B
B
M
L
B
B
L
B
B
B
L
B
B
B
B
B
B
M
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
L
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
M
L
L
B
B
B
M
B

5
B
B
B
B
M
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
M
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B

6
L
L
M
M
M
B
M
B
B
B
M
M
M
L
L
B
B
B
B
L
M
L
L
L
L
M
L
B
B
M
B
B
M
B
M
L
B
B
L
M
B
L
L
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
L
B
M
M
M
M
M

Resistencia Qumica y Propiedades generales del plstico y hule.


Descripcin de los materiales de las vlvulas

MATERIAL

ABREVIACION

Cloruro de polivinil rgido


(PVC rgido)

PVC

Cloruro de polivinilo
resistente al calor (PVC
resistente al calor
Polipropileno

CPVC

Floruro de vinilo

PVDF

Hule de etil propileno

EPDM

Politetra fluoro etileno


(tefln)

PTFE

Hule de fluor (Vitn)

FPM

PP

RESISTENCIA QUIMICA
EN GENERAL

TEMPERATURA MAXIMA DE
SERVICIO
POCAS
CONTINUA
HORAS

Resistencia contra la mayora de


cidos, alcalinos y sales de alta y baja
concentracin. Sin embargo, el
material tiende a ser atacado por
algunos qumicos como hidrocarburos
aromticos, teres a hidrocarburos
clorinados
La resistencia es simiilar a la del PVC,
pero tiene una alta resistencia al calor

50C

60C

90C

100C

No es estable contra cidos fuertes


como el cido ntrico concentrado y
mezclas de cido de cromo, pero es
resistente contra otros cidos
alcalinos
y sales. Resistencia contra muchos
solventes orgnicos, pero tiende a ser
atacado por solventes que contengan
cloruro, series alifticas e
hidrocarburos aromticos
Mayor resistencia a altas
temperaturas contra cidos ordinarios,
sales y qumicos orgnicos. Sin
embargo al cido sulfrico y las
aminas bsicas la atacan. El use con
ter, amina, solventes orgnicos y
alcalinos es limitada
Tienen una excelente resistencia al
ozono y resistencia qumica
Resistencia aceptable contra eter,
pero menor resistencia contra familias
aromticas y aliflticas, gasolina
aceite.
Resistencia contra cidos y alcalinos
ordinarios, no se disuelve ni cambia
por un medio solvente ordinario.
Atacado por metal alcalino y en alta
temperatura, por trofluoruro de cloro y
floruro atacado por metal alcalino y en
alta temperatura, por trofluoruro de
cloro floruro
El hule ms resistente al ataque
qumico. Tiene buena resistencia
contra cidos oxidantes fuertes como
cido sulfrico y cido ntrico
concentrado. Es resistente contra
familias alifticas y aromticas y
aceites, pero es atacado por
amonaco
anidro, soda castica concentrada y
otros

90C

100C

120 C

150C

90C

120C

250C

300C

150C

200C

Propiedades del vapor saturado

Presin
Manomtrica
PSC1 bar
25
1.72
20
1.38
15
1.03
10
0.69
5
0.34
0
0.00
1
0.07
2
0.14
3
0.21
4
0.28
5
0.34
6
0.41
7
0.48
8
0.55
9
0.62
10
0.69
12
0.83
14
0.97
16
1.10
18
1.24
20
1.38
22
1.52
24
1.66
25
1.72
26
1.79
28
1.93
30
207
32
221
34
234
35
2.41
36
248
38
262
40
276
42
2.90
44
3.03
45
3.10
46
3.17
48
3.31
50
3,45
55
3.79
60
4.14
65
4.48
70
4.83
75
5.17
80
5.52
85
5.86
90
6.21
95
6.55
100
6.90
105
7.24
110
7.59
115
7.93
12D
8.28
125
8.fi2
130
8.97
140
9.66
145
10.00
150
10.34
155
10.6

Temperatura
C F
57
72
82
89
95
100
102
104
106
107
108
110
111
112
114
115
118
120
122
126
125
128
129
131
131
133
134
136
137
138
1 39
140
141
143
144
144
145
146
148
149
153
156
158
160
162
164
166
168
170
172
173
175
177
178
180
183
184
186
187

134
162
179
192
203
212
215
219
222
224
227
230
232
233
237
23.9
244
248
252
259
259
262
265
2S7
268
271
274
277
279
281
282
284
286
289
291
292
293
295
298
30D
307
312
316
320
324
323
331
335
338
341
344
347
350
353
356
361
363
386
368

Calor en Btu/LB
Sensible Latente Total
102
129
147
160
171
180
183
187
190
192
195
198
200
201
205
207
212
216
220
227
227
230
233
234
236
239
243
246
248
250
251
253
256
258
260
261
262
264
267
271
277
282
286
290
294
296
302
305
309
312
316
319
322
325
328
333
336
339
341

1017
1001
990
982
976
970
968
966
964
962
960
959
957
956
954
953
949
947
944
939
939
937
934
933
933
930
929
927
925
924
923
922
920
918
917
916
915
914
912
909
906
901
896
896
891
889
8B6
883
880
878
875
873
871
868
866
861
859
857
855

Volumen
Especfico
Ft3/lb
1119
142.00
1130
73.90
1137
51.30
1142
39.40
1147
31.80
1150
26.80
1151
25.20
1153
2350
1154
2230
1154
21.40
1155
20.10
1157
19.40
1157
18.70
1157
18.40
1159
17.10
1160
1650
1161
15.30
1163
14.30
1164
13.40
1166
11.90
1166
11.90
1167
11.30
1167
10.80
1169
10.30
1169
10.30
1169
9.85
1172
9.46
1173
9.10
1173
8.75
1174
8.60
1174
8.42
1175
808
1176
7.82
1176
7.57
1177
7.31
1177
7.21
1177
7.14
1178
6.94
1179
6.68
1180
6.27
1183
5.84
1183
5.49
1184
5.18
11&5
4.91
1186
4.67
1187
4.44
1188
4.24
1188
4.05
11 89
3.89
1190
3.74
1191
359
1192
3.46
1193
3.34
119C
3.23
1194
3.12
1194
292
1195
284
1196
274
1196
268

Presin
Manorntrica
PEi tzar
160
160
165
165
170
170
175
175
180
180
185
185
190
190
195
195
200
200
205
205
210
210
215
215
220
220
225
225
230
230
235
235
240
240
245
245
250
250
255
255
260
260
265
265
270
270
275
275
280
290
285
285
290
290
295
295
300
300
305
305
310
310
320
320
330
330
340
340
350
350
380
360
370
370
380
380
390
390
400
400
450
450
500
500
560
560
600
600
650
650
700
700
750
750
800
800
900
900
1000
1000
1250
1250
1500
1500
1750
1750
2000
2000
2250
2250
2500
2500
2750
2750
30100
3000

Temperature
Calor en BtuVlb
4C F
Sensible Latente Total
188
189
191
192
193
194
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
209
211
212
212
213
214
214
216
216
217
218
219
221
223
224
?26
227
228
230
231
238
243
248
254
258
2G
267
271
279
286
301
314
326
336
346
364
3622
389

371373
375
377
380
382
384
386
388
390
382
394
396
397
389
401
403
404
406
408
409
411
413
414
416
417
418
420
421
423
425
427
430
433
435
438
441
443
446
448
460
470
479
489
497
505
513
520
534
546
574
597
618
636
654
669
683
666

344
346
348
351
353
355
358
360
362
364
366
368
370
372
374
376
378
380
382
383
385
387
389
391
392
394
395
397
398
400
402
405
408
411
414
417
420
422
425
428
439
453
464
473
483
491
504
512
529
594
580
610
642
672
701
733
764
804

853
851
849
847
845
843
841
839
837
835
834
832
830
828
827
825
823
822
820
819
817
815
814
812
811
809
806
806
805
803
802
799
796
793
790
788
785
783
780
777
766
751
740
730
719
710
696
686
666
647
600
557
509
462
413
358
295
213

1197
1197
1197
1196
1198
1196
1199
1199
1199
1200
1200
1200
1200
1200
1201
1201
1201
1202
1202
1202
1202
1202
1203
1 203
1203
1203
1203
1203
120C
12013
1204
1204
1204
1204
1204
1205
1205
1205
1205
1205
1205
1204
1204
1203
1202
1201
1200
1198
1195
1191
1180
1167
1151
1134
1114
1091
1059
1017

Volumen
Especifico
ft3(lb
260
254
2 47
241
2 34
229
224
219
2 14
209
205
200
196
192
189
1.85
181
178
175
172
169
166
163
160
157
155
153
149
147
145
1.43
1.38
1.34
1.31
1.28
1.24
1.20
1 18
1.14
1.12
1.00
0.89
0.82
0.75
0.69
0.64
0.60
0.56
0.49
0.44
0.34
0.23
022
0.19
0.16
0.13
0.11
0.08

Milmetro
mm
1
10
1000
25.4
304.8
914.4
1000000
16093400

Centmetro
cm
0.1
1
100
2.54
30.48
91.44
100000
160934

Metro
m
0.001
0.01
1
0.0254
0.3048
0.9144
1000
1609.34

Pulgada
in
0.0394
0.3937
39.3701
1
12
36
39370.1
63359.88

Pie
ft
0.0033
0.0328
3.2808
0.0833
1
3
3280.8
5279.92

Yarda
yd.
0.0011
0.0109
1.0936
0.0278
0.3333
1
1093.6
1759.97

Kilmetro
km
-7
1 x 10
.00001
.001
-4
2.54 x 10
-4
3.048 x 10
-4
9.144 x 10
1
1.60934

Milla
mi
-8
6.2137 x 10
-6
6.2137 x 10
-4
6.2137 x 10
-5
1.5783 x 10
-4
1.8940 x 10
-4
5.6819 x10
0.62137
1

Milmetro
cuadrado
2
mm
1
100
6
10
645.16
92.903
836.127

Centmetro
cuadrado
2
cm
0.01
1
10000
6.4516
929.03
8361.27

Metro
cuadrado
2
m
6
10
-4
10
1
-4
6.452 x 10
0.093
0.836

Pulgada
cuadrada
2
In
-3
1.55 x 10
0.155
1550
1
144
1296

Pie
cuadrado
2
Ft
-3
1.076 x 10
-3
1.076 x 10
10.764
-3
6.944 x 10
1
9

Yarda
cuadrada
2
Yd
-6
1.196 x 10
-4
1.196 x 10
1.196
-4
7.716 X 10
.111
1

Milmetro
Cbico
mm3
1
1000
9
10
16387
7
2.832 x 10
8
7.646 v 10

Centmetro
Cbico
cm3
0.0001
1
10 b
16.39
4
2.832 x 10
5
7.646 x 10

Metro
Cbico
3
m
-9
10
-6
10
1
1.639 x 10 5
0.0283
0.7646

Pulgada
Cbico
3
in
-5
6.1 x 10
0.061
61024
1
1728
46656

Pie
Cbico
3
ft
-8
3.531 x 10
-5
3.531 x 10
35.31
-4
5.787 x 10
1
27

Yarda
Cbico
3
yd
-9
1.308 x 10
-6
1.308 x 10
1.308
-5
2.143 x 10
0.0370
1

Metro cbico
3
m
1
0.001
6
10
0.00455
0.00378
0.0283

Litro
L
1000
1
0.001
4.546
3.785
28.317

Mililitro
ml
6
10
1000
1
4546
3785
28317

Galn U.K.
U.K. Galn
220
0.22
-4
2.2 x 10
1
0.8327
6.2288

Galn U.S.
U.S. Galn
264.2
0.2642
-4
2.642 x 10
1.201
1
7.4805

Pie cbico
3
ft
35.3147
0.0353
-5
3.53 x 10
0.1605
0.1337
1

Longitud

rea

Volumen

Medida del lquido

1 Barril U.S. = 42 galones U.S. (medida de petrleo)


1 litro = 106 mm3 = 103cm3 o 1 decmetro cbico (1d3)
1 litro = 1.76 pintas U.K. =2.113 pintas U.S.
Galn U.K. y la pinta U.K. son tambin llamados Galn Imperial y Pinta Imperial.
Litro por
segundo
l/s
1
0.017
0.278
0.008
0.472
0.076
0.063
0.002

Litro por
minuto
l/min
60
1
16.667
0.472
28.317
4.546
3.785
0.11

Met cbico x Pie cbico


hora
por hora
3
3
m /h
pie /h
3.6
127.133
0.06
2.1189
1
35.3147
0.0283
1
1.6990
60
0.2728
9.6326
0.2271
8.0209
0.0066
0.2339

Pie cbico Galn U.K. Galn U.S.


Barril U.S.
por minuto por minuto por minuto
por da
3
pie /m
U.K. gal/min U.S. gal/min U.S. barril/d
2.1189
13.2
15.85
543.439
0.0353
0.22
0.264
9.057
0.5886
3.666
4.403
150.955
0.0167
0.104
0.125
4.275
1
6.229
7.480
256.475
0.1605
1
1.201
41.175
0.1337
0.833
1
34.286
0.0039
0.024
0.029
1

Caudal volumtrico

Kilogramo
Kg
1
0.454
50.802
1000
1016
907.2

Libra
Ib
2.205
1
112
2204.6
2240
2000

Watt

Kilogramo
fuerza
por segundo

f.mtrica

kmfr/s
0.102
1
75
0.138
76.04

0.00136
0.0133
1
-3
1.84 x 10
1.0139

W
1
9.806
735.5
1.356
745.70

cwt

Tonelada
1
0.001
-4
4.54 x 10
0.0508
1
1.0161
0.9072

0.0197
0.0089
1
19.684
20
17.857

Tonelada U.K.
U. K. ton
-4
9.84 x10
-4
4.46 x 10
0.05
0.9842
1
0.8929

Libras pie por


segundo

Caballos
hp

ft lb f/s
0.738
7.233
542.476
1
550.0

0.0013
0.0131
0.9863
-3
1.82 x 10
1

Tonela U.S.
sh ton
0.0011
-4
5.0 x 10
0.056
1.1023
1.12
1

Masa

Potencia

1 Watt = 1 julio por segundo = 1 newton metro por segundo


Newton
N

Klonewton
kN

1
1000
9.807
4.448

0.001
1
0.0098
0.0044

Kilogramo
fuerza*
kgf
0.102
101.97
1
0.454

libra fuerza
lbf

Fuerza

0.225
224.81
2.205
1

Kilogramo fuerza se le llama kilolibra (kp)

PRESION Y ALTURA DEL LQUIDO


Kilogramo
Libras fuerza
Pies
Metros de
Newton por
Milibar
Bar
Milimetros de
fuerza
por pulgada
de columna
columna
2
2
-5
2
metro
(10 n/m
(10 N/m )
mercurio
x centmetro
cuadrada
de agua
de agua
cuadrado
cuadrado
Lb/pulg2
(Wlm2)
(mbar)
(bar)
(mm Hg)
(Kgf/cm2)
PSI
(ft H2O)
(m H2O)
1
0.01
10-5
1.02x10-5
1.45x10-'
3.3x10-'
1.02x10-'
0.0075
100
1
0.001
1.02 x 10 -3
0.0145
0.033
0.0102
0.75
10 5
1000
1
1.02
14.5
33.455
10.2
750.1
98 067
980.7
0.981
1
14.22
32.808
10.0
735.6
6895
68.95
0.069
0.0703
1
2.307
0.703
51.71
2989
29.89
0.03
0.0305
0.433
1
0.305
22.42
9807
98.07
0.098
0.1
1.42
3.28
1
73.55
133.3
1.333
0.0013
0.0014
0.019
0.045
0.014
1
3386
33.86
0.0338
0.0345
0.491
1.133
0.345
25.4
El nombre pascal (smbolo Pa) se le dio ala unidad N/m2 (1Pa = 1 N/m2)
1mm Hg es conocido como el nombre torr
El estndar internacional de atmsfera (1 atm) = 202 325 pascales o 1.013 bar. Que es igual a 1.033 23 kgf/cm2 o 14.6959 lbf/in2

Pulgadas de
mercurio
(in Hg)
2.95x10-'
0.029
29.53
28.96
2.036
0.883
2.896
0.039
1

TEMPERATURA
F
-459.6
-425
-400
-375
-350
-325
-300
-275
-250
-225
-200
-175
-150
-125
-100
-75
-50
-25
-20
-15

C
-273.1
-253.9
-240.0
-226.1
-212.2
-198.3
-184.4
-170.6
-156.7
-142.8
-128.9
-115.0
-101.1
-87.2
-73.3
-59.4
-45.6
-31.7
-28.9
-26.1

F
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85

C
-23.3
-20.6
-17.8
-15.0
-12.2
-9.4
-6.7
-3.9
-1.1
1.7
4.4
7.2
10.0
12.8
15.6
18.3
21.1
23.9
26.7
29.4

F
90
95
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270

C
32.2
35.0
37.8
43.3
48.9
54.4
60.0
65.6
71.1
76.7
82.2
87.8
93.3
98.9
104.4
110.0
115.6
121.1
126.7
132.2

F
280
290
300
310
320
330
340
350
360
370
380
390
400
410
420
430
440
450
460
470

C
137.8
143.3
148.9
154.4
160.0
165.6
171.1
176.7
182.2
187.8
193.3
198.9
204.4
210.0
215.6
221.1
226.7
232.2
237.8
243.3

F
480
490
500
525
550
575
600
625
650
675
700
725
750
775
800
825
850
875
900
925

C
248.9
254.4
260.0
273.9
287.8
301.7
315.6
329.4
343.3
357.2
371.1
385.0
398.9
412.8
426.7
440.6
454.4
468.3
482.2
496.1

F
950
975
1000
1025
1050
1075
1100
1125
1150
1175
1200
1225
1250
1300
1350
1400
1450
1500
1550
1600

C
510.0
523.9
537.8
551.7
565.6
579.4
593.3
607.2
621.1
635.0
648.9
662.8
676.7
704.4
732.2
760.0
787.8
815.6
843.3
871.1

F
1650
1700
1750
1800
1850
1900
1950
2000
2050
2100
2150
2200
2250
2300
2350
2400
2450
2500
2550
2600

C
898.9
926.7
954.4
982.2
1,010.0
1,037.8
1,065.6
1,093.3
1,121.1
1,148.9
1,176.7
1,204.4
1,232.2
1,260.0
1,287.8
1,315.6
1,343.3
1,371.1
1,398.9
1,426.7

F
2650
2700
2750
2800
2850
2900
2950
3000
3050
3100
3150
3200
3250
3300
3350
3400
3450
3500

C
1,454.4
1,482.2
1,510.0
1,537.8
1,565.6
1,593.3
1,621.1
1,648.9
1,676.7
1,704.4
1,732.2
1,760.0
1,787.8
1,815.6
1,843.3
1,871.1
1,898.9
1,926.7