Sie sind auf Seite 1von 17

Page 537

Kelompok : 10

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requires nutrition labeling for most foods. Under
FDA regulations, manufacturers are required to list the amounts of certain nutrients in their
foods, such are calories, sugar, fat, and carbohydrates. This nutritional information is displayed
in the Nutrition Facts panel on the foods package.
The table shows the following nutritional content for one cup of each of 21 different breakfast
cereals.
C = calories
S = sugar in grams
F = fat in grams
R = carbohydrates in grams
Cereal
Apple Jack
Berry Burst Cheerios
Cheerios
Cocoa Puffs
Cookie Crisp
Corn Chex
Corn Flakes
Corn Pops
Count Chocula
Crispix
Froot Loops
Frosted Flakes
Golden Grahams
Honey Nut Cheerios
Lucky Charms
Multi Grain Cheerios
Raisin Bran
Rice Krispies
Special K
Trix
Wheaties

100
130
100
130
130
120
100
120
150
110
110
150
160
150
150
110
190
100
120
120
130

12
11
1
15
13
3
2
10
16
4
12
15
15
12
15
6
19
3
4
11
5

0.5
1.5
2
2
1.5
0.5
0
0
1.5
0
1
0
1.5
2
1.5
1
1.5
0
0.5
1.5
0.5

25
29
20
31
29
26
24
29
31
25
25
36
35
29
29
23
45
23
23
28
29

USING TECHNOLOGY
Use a technology tool to draw a scatter plot of the following (x, y) pairs in the data
set.
(a) (calories, sugar)

20

Sugar (in grams)

15

10

0
100

120

140

160

180

200

160

180

200

Calories

(b) (calories, fat)

2.0

1.5

Fat (in grams)

1.

1.0

0.5

0.0
100

120

140

Calories

(c) (calories, carbohydrates)

45

Carbohydrate (in grams)

40

35

30

25

20
100

120

140

160

180

200

Calories

(d) (sugar, fat)

2.0

Fat (in grams)

1.5

1.0

0.5

0.0
0

10

Sugar (in grams)

15

20

(e) (sugar, carbohydrates)

45

Carbohydrate (in grams)

40

35

30

25

20
0

10

15

20

1.5

2.0

Sugar (in grams)

(f) (fat, carbohydrates)

45

Carbohydrate (in grams)

40

35

30

25

20
0.0

0.5

1.0

Fat (in grams)

2.

From the scatter plot in Exercise 1, which pairs of variables appear to have a strong
linear correlation?
Dari scatter plot di atas, dapat diamati pasangan variabel (calories, sugar), (calories,
carbohydrates), dan (sugar, carbohydrates) memiliki korelasi linear yang kuat. Dilihat dari

bentuk dan persebaran titik pada scatter plot. Hubungan linear yang terbentuk adalah
hubungan positif.

3.

Use a technology tool to find the correlation coefficient for each pair of variables in
Exercise 1. Which has the strongest linear correlation?
(a) (calories, sugar), r = 0.766
Cor relations

Calories

Sugar (in grams )

Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N

Sugar (in
grams)
.766**
.000
21
21
.766**
1
.000
21
21

Calories
1

**. Correlation is s ignif icant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).

(b) (calories, fat), r = 0.415


Cor relations
Calories

Fat (in grams)

Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N

Calories
1
21
.415
.061
21

Fat (in grams)


.415
.061
21
1
21

(c) (calories, carbohydrates), r = 0.913


Cor relations

Calories

Carbohy drate (in grams)

Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N

Carbohy drate
(in grams)
.913**
.000
21
21
.913**
1
.000
21
21

Calories
1

**. Correlation is s ignif icant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).

(d) (sugar, fat), r = 0.461


Cor relations

Sugar (in grams )

Fat (in grams)

Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N

Sugar (in
grams)
1

Fat (in grams)


.461*
.035
21
21
.461*
1
.035
21
21

*. Correlation is s ignif icant at the 0.05 lev el (2-tailed).

(e) (sugar, carbohydrates), r = 0.793


Cor relations

Sugar (in grams )

Carbohy drate (in grams)

Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N

Sugar (in
grams)
1

Carbohy drate
(in grams)
.793**
.000
21
21
.793**
1
.000
21
21

**. Correlation is s ignif icant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).

(f) (fat, carbohydrates), r = 0.230


Cor relations

Carbohy drate (in grams )

Fat (in grams )

4.

Pears on Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
Pears on Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N

Carbohy drate
(in grams)
1
21
.230
.315
21

Fat (in grams )


.230
.315
21
1
21

Use a technology tool to find an equation of a regression line for the following
variables.
(a) (calories, sugar)
Coe fficientsa

Model
1

(Cons tant)
Calories

Unstandardiz ed
Coef f icients
B
Std. Error
-12.836
4.406
.177
.034

a. Dependent Variable: Sugar (in grams )

Standardized
Coef f icients
Beta
.766

t
-2.914
5.201

Sig.
.009
.000

Equation,

(b) (calories, carbohydrates)


Coe fficientsa

Model
1

(Cons tant)
Calories

Unstandardiz ed
Coef f icients
B
Std. Error
1.072
2.840
.213
.022

Standardized
Coef f icients
Beta
.913

t
.377
9.739

Sig.
.710
.000

a. Dependent Variable: Carbohy drate (in grams)

Equation,

5.

Use the results of Exercise 4 to predict the following.


(a) The sugar content of one cup of cereal that has caloric content of 120 calories.
Diketahui:

Ditanyakan:
Jawab:

Kandungan gula dalam satu cangkir sereal yang memiliki kandungan kalori sebesar
120 kalori adalah 8.404 gram.
(b) The carbohydrate content of one cup of cereal that has caloric content of 120
calories.
Diketahui:

Ditanyakan:
Jawab:

Kandungan karbohidrat dalam satu cangkir sereal yang memiliki kandungan kalori
sebesar 120 kalori adalah 26.632 gram.

6.

Use a technology tool to find the multiple regression equations of the following
forms.
(a)
Coe fficientsa

Model
1

Unstandardiz ed
Coef f icients
B
Std. Error
12.929
13.543
-.268
.682
7.567
3.176
3.886
.614

(Cons tant)
Sugar (in grams )
Fat (in grams)
Carbohydrate (in grams)

Standardized
Coef f icients
Beta
-.062
.235
.908

t
.955
-.393
2.382
6.330

Sig.
.353
.699
.029
.000

t
1.617
.734
5.275

Sig.
.123
.472
.000

a. Dependent Variable: Calories

Maka persamaannya adalah


(b)
Coe fficientsa

Model
1

Unstandardiz ed
Coef f icients
B
Std. Error
23.279
14.397
.496
.676
3.518
.667

(Cons tant)
Sugar (in grams )
Carbohydrate (in grams)

Standardized
Coef f icients
Beta
.114
.822

a. Dependent Variable: Calories

Maka persamaannya adalah


7.

Use the equations from Exercise 6 to predict the caloric content of 1 cup of cereal
that has 7 grams of sugar, 0.5 gram of fat, and 31 grams of carbohydrates.
Diketahui:

Ditanyakan:
Jawab:

( )

Kandungan kalori dalam satu cangkir sereal yang memiliki kandungan gula sebesar 7
gram, lemak 0.5 gram, dan karbohidrat sebesar 31 gram diprediksikan sebesar 135.3025
kalori.

MANUALLY CALCULATED
Use a technology tool to draw a scatter plot of the following (x, y) pairs in the data
set.
(a) (calories, sugar)
25
y = 0.1767x - 12.836
R = 0.5875

Sugar

20
15
10
5
0
0

50

100
Calories

150

200

(b) (calories, fat)


2.5
2

y = 0.0129x - 0.6652
R = 0.1723

Fat

1.5
1
0.5
0
0

50

100
Calories

150

200

(c) (calories, carbohydrates)

Carbohydrates

1.

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0

y = 0.2132x + 1.0716
R = 0.8331

50

100
Calories

150

200

(d) (sugar, fat)


2.5
2
y = 0.062x + 0.3737
R = 0.2129

Fat

1.5
1
0.5
0
0

10
Sugar

15

20

(e) (sugar, carbohydrates)


50
45
Carbohydrates

40

y = 0.8038x + 20.477
R = 0.6292

35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
0

10
Sugar

15

20

(f) (fat, carbohydrates)


50
45
Carbohydrates

40
35
y = 1.7361x + 26.591
R = 0.053

30
25
20
15
10
5
0
0

0.5

1.5
Fat

2.5

2.

From the scatter plot in Exercise 1, which pairs of variables appear to have a strong
linear correlation?
Dari scatter plot di atas, dapat diamati pasangan variabel (calories, sugar), (calories,
carbohydrates), dan (sugar, carbohydrates) memiliki korelasi linear yang kuat. Dilihat dari
bentuk dan persebaran titik pada scatter plot. Hubungan linear yang terbentuk adalah
hubungan positif.

3.

Use a technology tool to find the correlation coefficient for each pair of variables in
Exercise 1. Which has the strongest linear correlation?

( )( )

( )

(a)

(b)

C
x
100
130
100
130
130
120
100
120
150
110
110
150
160
150
150
110
190
100
120
120
130

S
y
12
11
1
15
13
3
2
10
16
4
12
15
15
12
15
6
19
3
4
11
5

xy

x2

y2

1200
1430
100
1950
1690
360
200
1200
2400
440
1320
2250
2400
1800
2250
660
3610
300
480
1320
650

2680

204

28010

10000
16900
10000
16900
16900
14400
10000
14400
22500
12100
12100
22500
25600
22500
22500
12100
36100
10000
14400
14400
16900

35320
0

( )

)
(

)(

F
y
0.5
1.5
2
2
1.5
0.5
0
0
1.5
0
1
0
1.5
2
1.5
1
1.5
0
0.5
1.5
0.5

xy

x2

y2

144
121
1
225
169
9
4
100
256
16
144
225
225
144
225
36
361
9
16
121
25

C
x
100
130
100
130
130
120
100
120
150
110
110
150
160
150
150
110
190
100
120
120
130

50
195
200
260
195
60
0
0
225
0
110
0
240
300
225
110
285
0
60
180
65

0.25
2.25
4
4
2.25
0.25
0
0
2.25
0
1
0
2.25
4
2.25
1
2.25
0
0.25
2.25
0.25

2576

2680

20.5

2760

10000
16900
10000
16900
16900
14400
10000
14400
22500
12100
12100
22500
25600
22500
22500
12100
36100
10000
14400
14400
16900

35320
0

)
(

)(

30.75

)
)

(c)

(d)

C
x
100
130
100
130
130
120
100
120
150
110
110
150
160
150
150
110
190
100
120
120
130

R
y
25
29
20
31
29
26
24
29
31
25
25
36
35
29
29
23
45
23
23
28
29

xy

x2

y2

2500
3770
2000
4030
3770
3120
2400
3480
4650
2750
2750
5400
5600
4350
4350
2530
8550
2300
2760
3360
3770

2680

594

78190

10000
16900
10000
16900
16900
14400
10000
14400
22500
12100
12100
22500
25600
22500
22500
12100
36100
10000
14400
14400
16900

35320
0

)
(

(
)

)(
(

625
841
400
961
841
676
576
841
961
625
625
1296
1225
841
841
529
2025
529
529
784
841

S
x
12
11
1
15
13
3
2
10
16
4
12
15
15
12
15
6
19
3
4
11
5

F
y
0.5
1.5
2
2
1.5
0.5
0
0
1.5
0
1
0
1.5
2
1.5
1
1.5
0
0.5
1.5
0.5

17412

204

20.5

(
)

x2

y2

6
16.5
2
30
19.5
1.5
0
0
24
0
12
0
22.5
24
22.5
6
28.5
0
2
16.5
2.5

144
121
1
225
169
9
4
100
256
16
144
225
225
144
225
36
361
9
16
121
25

0.25
2.25
4
4
2.25
0.25
0
0
2.25
0
1
0
2.25
4
2.25
1
2.25
0
0.25
2.25
0.25

2576

30.75

236

)
(

xy

(
)

)(

(e)

(f)

S
x
12
11
1
15
13
3
2
10
16
4
12
15
15
12
15
6
19
3
4
11
5

204

R
y
25
29
20
31
29
26
24
29
31
25
25
36
35
29
29
23
45
23
23
28
29

594
(

xy

x2

y2

300
319
20
465
377
78
48
290
496
100
300
540
525
348
435
138
855
69
92
308
145

6248

144
121
1
225
169
9
4
100
256
16
144
225
225
144
225
36
361
9
16
121
25

2576

625
841
400
961
841
676
576
841
961
625
625
1296
1225
841
841
529
2025
529
529
784
841

17412

)
(

)(
(

F
x
0.5
1.5
2
2
1.5
0.5
0
0
1.5
0
1
0
1.5
2
1.5
1
1.5
0
0.5
1.5
0.5

20.5

R
y
25
29
20
31
29
26
24
29
31
25
25
36
35
29
29
23
45
23
23
28
29

594

)
)

(
(

xy

x2

y2

12.5
43.5
40
62
43.5
13
0
0
46.5
0
25
0
52.5
58
43.5
23
67.5
0
11.5
42
14.5

598.5

0.25
2.25
4
4
2.25
0.25
0
0
2.25
0
1
0
2.25
4
2.25
1
2.25
0
0.25
2.25
0.25

30.75

625
841
400
961
841
676
576
841
961
625
625
1296
1225
841
841
529
2025
529
529
784
841

17412

)
(

(
)

)(
(

)
)

4.

Use a technology tool to find an equation of a regression line for the following
variables.
(a) (calories, sugar)
C
x
100
130
100
130
130
120
100
120
150
110
110
150
160
150
150
110
190
100
120
120
130

2680

( )( )

S
y
12
11
1
15
13
3
2
10
16
4
12
15
15
12
15
6
19
3
4
11
5

204

( )

x2

xy
1200
1430
100
1950
1690
360
200
1200
2400
440
1320
2250
2400
1800
2250
660
3610
300
480
1320
650
28010

y2

10000
16900
10000
16900
16900
14400
10000
14400
22500
12100
12100
22500
25600
22500
22500
12100
36100
10000
14400
14400
16900
353200

(
)(
)
) (
)

144
121
1
225
169
9
4
100
256
16
144
225
225
144
225
36
361
9
16
121
25
2576

(b) (calories, carbohydrates)


C
x
100
130
100
130
130
120
100
120
150
110
110
150
160
150
150
110
190
100
120
120
130

2680

( )( )

R
y
25
29
20
31
29
26
24
29
31
25
25
36
35
29
29
23
45
23
23
28
29

594

( )

x2

xy
2500
3770
2000
4030
3770
3120
2400
3480
4650
2750
2750
5400
5600
4350
4350
2530
8550
2300
2760
3360
3770
78190

y2

10000
16900
10000
16900
16900
14400
10000
14400
22500
12100
12100
22500
25600
22500
22500
12100
36100
10000
14400
14400
16900
353200

(
)(
)
) (
)

625
841
400
961
841
676
576
841
961
625
625
1296
1225
841
841
529
2025
529
529
784
841
17412

5.

Use the results of Exercise 4 to predict the following.


(a) The sugar content of one cup of cereal that has caloric content of 120 calories.
Diketahui:

Ditanyakan:
Jawab:

Kandungan gula dalam satu cangkir sereal yang memiliki kandungan kalori sebesar
120 kalori adalah 8.404 gram.
(b) The carbohydrate content of one cup of cereal that has caloric content of 120
calories.
Diketahui:

Ditanyakan:
Jawab:

Kandungan karbohidrat dalam satu cangkir sereal yang memiliki kandungan kalori
sebesar 120 kalori adalah 26.632 gram.

6.

Use a technology tool to find the multiple regression equations of the following
forms. (Perhitungan secara manual sangat rumit sehingga menggunakan teknologi)
(a)
Coe fficientsa

Model
1

(Cons tant)
Sugar (in grams )
Fat (in grams)
Carbohydrate (in grams)

a. Dependent Variable: Calories

Maka persamaannya adalah

Unstandardiz ed
Coef f icients
B
Std. Error
12.929
13.543
-.268
.682
7.567
3.176
3.886
.614

Standardized
Coef f icients
Beta
-.062
.235
.908

t
.955
-.393
2.382
6.330

Sig.
.353
.699
.029
.000

(b)
Coe fficientsa

Model
1

Unstandardiz ed
Coef f icients
B
Std. Error
23.279
14.397
.496
.676
3.518
.667

(Cons tant)
Sugar (in grams )
Carbohydrate (in grams)

Standardized
Coef f icients
Beta
.114
.822

t
1.617
.734
5.275

Sig.
.123
.472
.000

a. Dependent Variable: Calories

Maka persamaannya adalah


7.

Use the equations from Exercise 6 to predict the caloric content of 1 cup of cereal
that has 7 grams of sugar, 0.5 gram of fat, and 31 grams of carbohydrates.
Diketahui:

Ditanyakan:
Jawab:

( )

Kandungan kalori dalam satu cangkir sereal yang memiliki kandungan gula sebesar 7 gram,
lemak 0.5 gram, dan karbohidrat sebesar 31 gram diprediksikan sebesar 135.3025 kalori.