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HWBW2012

07/03/2012

Workplace Design and Older Workers


LoughboroughUniversity ProfessorRogerHaslam
ElaineWilliams,DianeGyi,AlistairGibb CherylHaslam

Working Late

Collaborative Research Project supported by the New Dynamics of Ageing programme

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The Working Late team

Ergonomics Systems Approach


Originating Influences
client requirements, economic climate, construction education permanent works design, project management, construction processes safety culture, risk management

Shaping Factors
Worker Factors attitudes/motivations knowledge/skills supervision health/fatigue site constraints work scheduling housekeeping

actions behaviour capabilities communication work team

layout/space lighting/noise hot/cold/wet local hazards workplace

accident
materials equipment suitability usability condition

Immediate Accident Circumstances

Material/ Equipment Factors

design specification supply/availability

Shaping Factors

permanent works design, project management, construction processes safety culture, risk management client requirements, economic climate, construction education

Originating Influences

Site Factors

HWBW2012

07/03/2012

Participatory Design
Usersareimportant stakeholdersindesign Involvingusersin: designing designdecisions designsolutions Democratisationofdesign

Working Late
Explore the dynamics of later life working Develop interventions to improve health and workability Develop design solutions to improve the quality of working life

HWBW2012

07/03/2012

Ageing
Increasing age of the UK workforce Important to maintain health, productivity and quality of working life Need to promote a healthy working environment

Trends and Statistics


65% of those aged 50-64 are in employment
Women and men in the UK aged 50-64 by economic activity status, 1995, 2000, and 2010

Source: ONS Labour Force Survey (2010)

HWBW2012

07/03/2012

Age and Performance at Work: Work Ability Index

Self assessment of capacity for work Number of current diseases Estimated work impairment due to diseases Sick leave during the past 12 months

Juhani Ilmarinen Finnish Institute of Occupational Health

Work Ability Index by Age Groups

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Bruce Forsythe Age 83


DameJudiDench Age76

HelenMirren Age65

Morgan Freeman Age 74

David Attenborough Age85

HilaryClinton Age63 TonyBenn Age83 DukeofEdinburgh Age90

HWBW2012

07/03/2012

Working Late: User Engagement


Engagement with users to inform research process Research presented to, discussed with, and modified by selected user groups

Working Late: Later Life Working

Examine work participation and recruitment opportunities Impact of age discrimination legislation Interactions between work and family commitments

HWBW2012

07/03/2012

Working Late: Journey to Work

Relationship between travel and work Impact of family commitments Information, support and technology required to accommodate changing needs

Working Late: Occupational Health


Identification of current occupational health strategies Evaluate workplace policies and strategies for promoting health and workability Aims to develop innovative health promotion interventions

HWBW2012

07/03/2012

Working Late: Health Interventions


Health education materials to engage and motivate employees Physical activity interventions Evaluate health promoting physical activity interventions

Working Late: Through Design

Explore the design needs of ageing workers: Equipment, tools and workspaces Job design and planning Develop design models for an inclusive workplace using Organiser for Working Late

HWBW2012

07/03/2012

Working Late: Through Design


fun intelligent desirable

nonstigmatising individualchoice&control
preventativehealthcare

Design
flexible

sustainable

encouragesgoodhabits accessibleandintuitive

BMW Programme
set up a test production line staffed by workers over 47 workers came up with 70 load-easing changes, form a wooden floor that dampened pounding, to cushioned shoes, tilted screens with bigger lettering, tools with a lower gripping force, height-adjustable work benches, work rotation mid-shift after one year, the line was as productive as lines with people 10 years younger...

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WhatisOWL?
Webbasedtoolmadeupof: designergonomicstools simulations designstories videoclips Databanks OWL intendedtostimulateandsupport commitmentandideas

Phase
1 (Dec2009)

Research activities
Questionnairesurveyofworkersacross industrialsectors. Triangulationinterviews.

Progress
53organisationscontacted 21participated 719questionnairesafter datacleaning. Triangulationinterviewswith5organisations(26 workers). Dataanalysiscomplete discussiondocument presentedto5collaboratingorganisations. DecisionsmaderegardingfocusofPhase2.

Indepthrichdatacollection(interviews, observations,objectivemeasures). Codevelopsolutionstoworkplacedesign problems.

Datacollectioncompletewith4organisations. Codesigningfocusgroupscompletedwith2 organisations.CompletebyJan2012. DevelopmentandsynthesisofOWLresource images,audio,video. ALLorganisationskeentobeinvolved.

3 4 5 (Nov2012)

Createatool/resource(OrganiserforWorking Late OWL) EvaluationandrefinementofOWL. Dataanalysisandreportwriting.

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Cementmanufacturer(n=138):Age&BMI

Meanage44years(SD10.7)
100 80 Frequency(%) 60 40 20 0 100 80 60 40 20 0

MeanBMI26.9(SD3.1)

Underweight= Normalweight Overweight= Obese=>30 <18.5 =18.524.9 2529.9 Agegroup(5years) BMIGroup

NoAnswer

Cementmanufacturer:achesandpains

100

Symptomsinallbodyareas;peakedforlowerback

80 Frequency(%)

60 Period(12months) Point(7days) Severity 20

40

0 Neck Shoulders Elbows Wristsand hands Middleof back BodyArea Lowerback Hips,thighs andbuttocks Knees Anklesorfeet

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Cementmanufacturer:ageandworkstatements
pvalue;49and50 Positive Statisticaldifference agreement Yes(0.002) Yes(0.008) Yes(0.000) Yes(0.005) Yes(0.000) 50 50 50 50 50

Statement I feel my age has made me less physically active at work than I used to be I feel more tired now due to my job then I did when I was younger I find learning new skills, and technologies more difficult now than when I was younger My productivity and capacity to do my job has declined as I have got older I feel that I am not as capable as I was when I was younger at learning or retraining

Cementmanufacturer:wordles

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Cementmanufacturer:codesigningsolutions
Focusonaccess/egress&pickingup/carryingin confinedspaces Understandingtheirviewsonageingandstayingfitand healthyintheirjob(prompts:obstacles,advicetoothers, toptips). Encouragethinkingaboutstayinghealthythroughdesign intheirjob(prompts:designsolutions procedure, equipment,trainingetc) Tocollatesolutionstoworkplacedesignproblems focusingonergonomics andhealthyageingatwork.

Personaldesignstory

..tohelppositionthelinerplatesontotherotator..youcanslidethemontoa pieceofscaffoldingpolethatwehaveweldedawashertoo.Thewasherstopsthe platefromslidingontoyourhandandtrappingit ..theplatescanthenbeleveredintopositionreadytobebolted.

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OWL
Webbasedtoolmadeupof: designergonomicstools simulations designstories videoclips Databanks OWL intendedtostimulateandsupport commitmentandideas

Summary

Working Late: strategies to enhance productive and healthy environments for the older workforce Work supporting Health supporting Work Role of workplace design Supporting co-design with OWL

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Thank you

www.workinglate.org

@workhealth

OWL contact: Dr Diane Gyi

D.E.Gyi@lboro.ac.uk

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