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1.

CW-2A/CW-2
For CW-2a and CW-2 the difference lies on the size of middle glass panel. The bigger glass size is considered on the verification for CW-2A/CW-2.

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1.1. MULLION DESIGN 1.1.1.FORCE DISTRIBUTION

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AXIAL FORCES ON MULLION

CURTAIN WALL FORCE DISTRIBUTION

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BENDING ON MULLION

SHEAR ON MULLION

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Deflection of Mullion = 14.23mm < L/300 + 5 = 3100/300 + 5 = 15.33mm

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1.1.2. SECTION PROPERTIES

Material properties (Alloy 6063-T6) E = 70000 Mpa G = 26600 Mpa = 2710 Kg/m3 = 160 Mpa = 95 Mpa = 175 Mpa Modulus of Elasticity Shear Modulus Density of Aluminum

Limiting Stress for Shear Limiting Stress for local capacity

d = 125 mm bf = 54 mm tf = 6 mm dw = 104 mm tw = 3 mm gr = 0.45 Cx = 30 mm Cy = 78 mm Ix = 325.31 cm Iy = 74.42 cm4 Zx = 41.71 cm3


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Profile Depth Flange width Flange thickness Web Depth

Web Thickness

Zy = 24.81 cm3 A = 14.2 cm2

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Cross-sectional area.

Stress gradient coefficient, figure 4.2 Distance from neutral y-axis to extreme fiber

Distance from neutral x-axis to extreme fiber Moment of Inertia at major axis.

Moment of inertia at minor axis.

Elastic Section modulus of inertia at major axis. Elastic Section modulus of inertia at minor axis.

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Dimension Properties b = 60 mm Profile Width

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Limiting Stress for bending and overall yielding

Section Classification and Local Buckling Fully Compact Semi-Compact Slender = 1.25 = 27.5 = 22.5 = 15.6 Slender limit Constant Limit for a semi compact section Limit for a fully compact section

Element isfully Compact = 4.05 Therefore the Section is compact

Flange element is fully compact

Material Factor Table 3.3 BS 8118.

My< MRX

Check for bending Moment Resistance for Mullion with reinforcement Material Factor Table 3.3 BS 8118. Maximum factored bending moment.

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My = 6.69KN.m Mym =

Mym< MRX

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My = 3.98KN.m

Maximum factored bending moment.

Factored Moment Resistance at major axis with reduction due

to slenderness. Section is Okay.

Factored Moment Resistance at major axis with reduction due to slenderness. Section is Okay.

Check for bending Moment Resistance for Mullion without reinforcement

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Web Slenderness limit

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Check for Shear Resistance Fully compact section Slender

= 1.25

Slender limit Constant

Section is fully compact


Vmax = 11.87 KN Shear on mullion Vm = Nw = 2 Number of Webs Factored Shear Force

Effective Shear area of a mullion Factored Shear Load Resistance Vm< V Section is Okay Check for Tension Resistance

Tmax= 5.45 KN

Tension on mullion Tm =

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Tmax<

Check for Axial - Bending Resistance Section is Okay.

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Material Factor Table 3.3 BS 8118.

Maximum factored Tension Force.

Factored Tension Resistance at major axis. Section is Okay.

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REINFORECEMENT SECTION PROPERTIES (FW 60+ 324 320)

Material properties (Alloy 6063-T6) E = 70000 Mpa G = 26600 Mpa = 2710 Kg/m3 = 160 Mpa = 95 Mpa = 175 Mpa Modulus of Elasticity Shear Modulus Density of Aluminum Limiting Stress for bending and overall yielding Limiting Stress for Shear Limiting Stress for local capacity

d = 98 mm bf = 26 mm tf = 3 mm dw = 87 mm tw = 3 mm gr = 0.45 Cx = 13 mm Cy = 54 mm Ix = 125.80 cm4 Iy = 18.60 cm4

Profile Depth Flange width Flange thickness Web Depth

Zx = 23.30 cm3

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Zy = 14.31 cm3 A = 10.73 cm2

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Cross-sectional area.

Web Thickness

Stress gradient coefficient, figure 4.2 Distance from neutral y-axis to extreme fiber

Distance from neutral x-axis to extreme fiber Moment of Inertia at major axis.

Moment of inertia at minor axis. Elastic Section modulus of inertia at major axis. Elastic Section modulus of inertia at minor axis.

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Dimension Properties b = 53 mm

Profile Width

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Section Classification and Local Buckling Fully Compact Semi-Compact Slender = 1.25 = 27.5 = 22.5 = 13.05 Slender limit Constant Limit for a semi compact section Limit for a fully compact section

Web Slenderness limit

Element isfully Compact = 3.9

Flange element is fully compact

Material Factor Table 3.3 BS 8118.

Myr =

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Myr< MRX

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My = 6.69KN.m

Maximum factored bending moment.

Factored Moment Resistance at major axis with reduction due

to slenderness. Section is Okay.

Check for bending Moment Resistance for Mullion Reinforcement

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Check for Shear Resistance Fully compact section Slender

Vmax = 11.87 KN Shear on Reinf.,Vr = Nw = 2

Factored Shear Force

Number of Webs

Effective Shear area of a mullion Factored Shear Load Resistance

Check for Tension Resistance

Tmax= 5.45 KN

Tension on Reinf.,Tr =

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Tr<

Check for Axial - Bending Resistance Section is Okay.

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Material Factor Table 3.3 BS 8118. Maximum factored Tension Force. Factored Tension Resistance at major axis. Section is Okay.

Vmax< V

Section is Okay

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Section is fully compact

= 1.25

Slender limit Constant

1.2. TRANSOM DESIGN Transom shall be designed on the maximum panel size against 3.3KPa Wind Pressure.

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Transom Load distribution

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TRANSOM PROPERTIES (FW 60+ 320 480) Material properties (Alloy 6063-T6) E = 70000 Mpa G = 26600 Mpa = 2710 Kg/m3 = 160 Mpa = 95 Mpa = 175 Mpa Dimension Properties A = 12.13cm2 Iy = 270.93 cm4 Ix = 71.30 cm4 Cx = 73 mm Cy = 30mm b = 60 mm d = 140 mm bf 1= 54 mm bf 2= 52 mm tf = 2.1 mm Cross-sectional area. Modulus of Elasticity Shear Modulus Density of Aluminum Limiting Stress for bending and overall yielding Limiting Stress for Shear Limiting Stress for local capacity

Moment of Inertia at minor axis. Moment of inertia at major axis.

Distance from neutral y-axis to extreme fiber Distance from neutral x-axis to extreme fiber

Profile Depth

dw= 125.8 mm tw = 3.1 mm gr = 0.45

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Flange width Web Depth Profile Web thickness

Element width for Mode 1* Element width for Mode 2*

Stress gradient coefficient figure 4.2 in appendix

Profile Width

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1.2.1.LOAD ANALYSIS Wind Load W = 3.3 x (1.0 + 0.49) = 4.92 KN/m Wf = 4.92 x 1.2 =5.90 KN/m Dead Load Wind load value on transom. Factored wind load

For typical curtain wall: Typical Length of transom. Maximum Glass panel height. Unit Weight of Glass.

Location of setting block. DLg = Weight of Glass panel at each glazing support DLg = = 53.55 Kg = 0.53 KN

DLft =

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DLfg=

KN

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Load factor Factored weight of glass. Factored weight of Transom.

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Thickness of Glass without air space

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WIND LOAD DIAGRAM

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DEAD LOAD DIAGRAM

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1.2.2.DESIGN Vw = 5.90x2/2 = 5.9 KN

Maximum shear due to wind load on the transom. Moment due to Wind load on transom.

Vd = 0.024x2.1/2 + 1.30 = 1.33 KN

Shear due to dead load on the transom. Moment due to Dead load

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= 6.48 mm

Normal Deflection to the plane of glass.

y< yallowable z= = 0.18 mm

Zallowable = min (L/500; 3.0 mm) = 3 mm z< Zallowable

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Section is Okay Section is Okay

yallowable = L/200 = 10 mm

Normal Deflection Allowed

Normal Deflection to the plane of glass. Normal Deflection Allowed

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Check for Deflection

Section Classification and Local Buckling

Fully Compact Semi-Compact Slender = 1.25 = 27.5 = 22.5 = 8.75 = 7.5 = 11.57< = 10.89< = 17.85 Slender limit Constant Limit for a semi compact section for internal element (Mode 1) Limit for a fully compact section for internal element (Mode1)

Limit for a semi compact section for outstand element (Mode2) Limit for a fully compact section for outstand elements (Mode2) Flange slenderness parameter Mode 1, fully compact element Flange slenderness parameter Mode 2, slender

Md = 0.12 x 1.2 = 0.144KN.m Mw = 2.95 x 1.2 = 3.54KN.m

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Md<MRd

Mw <MRw

Check for Bending moment resistance

Section is Okay

Web slenderness parameter, fully compact element

Material Factor Table 3.3 BS 8118.

Maximum factored bending moment parallel to plane. Maximum factored bending moment normal to plane. Factored Moment Resistance at major axis. Factored Moment Resistance at major axis.

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Check for Shear Resistance

Web Element Fully compact section Slender

Section is Compact Vw= 5.9 KN Nw = 2 Factored Shear Force Number of Webs

( Factored Shear Load Resistance Vrw = 43.28 KN


Flange Element

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Section is Okay

= 1.25

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Vd= 1.33 KN Nf = 2

Factored Shear Force Number of flanges (considering both of 2.1 mm Effective Shear area of a mullion Factored Shear Load Resistance

SHEAR CHECK

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Fully compact section Slender Slender limit Constant Section is fully compact

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Effective Shear area of a mullion

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= 1.25

Slender limit Constant

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1.3. MULLION ANCHORAGE VE RIFICATION 1.3.1.REACTIONS ON POINTS OF SUPPORT

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1.3.2.TOP BRACKET VERIFICA TION

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Thread and Nuts Design:

Q, Shear on bolt = 10.592 + 2.982= 11.00 KN Use M12 Grade 8.8 threaded rod with nut on both sides of shear capacity = 375 N/mm2: Ps (for double shear plane of bolts) = 2 x Shear Capacity x Effective shear area = 2 x 375x (0.74 x 3.14 x 122/4) = 62.74 KN> 11.00 KN. Mullion Checking Against Bearing (BS 8118): Q/2 = 5.5 KN Bearing strength of mullion = min (BRP1; BRP2) BRP1 = c x df x t x Pa / 1.2 c = 2 where df/t < 10 df = Nominal bolt diameter = 12 mm.

t = mullion thickness + thickness of reinforcement = 3.1 + 2.9 = 6 mm. Pa = Limiting Stress of Alloy 6063-T6 (BS 8118-table 4.1) = 175Mpa. BRP1 =21KN. BRP2 = e x t x Pa / 1.2 e= edge distance = 34 mm BRP2 = 29.75 KN.

Therefore Bearing strength of the mullion = 21 KN >5.5 KN .. Accepted

Steel Bracket Thickness:

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Tbolt =Applied tension on one bolt =

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Anchors Design:

Strength of bolt will be computed in Fischer Software.

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= 15.63 KN.

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