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KU13.1

FALL-BACK SWITCH FBS KU13.1

Technical Reference 29.10.1996

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KU13.1

CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION..............................................................................................................1 2. OPERATION LOGIC .......................................................................................................3 3. OPERATION MODES......................................................................................................4


3.1. Duplicated Lines ....................................................................................................................................................4 3.2. Duplicated Hosts....................................................................................................................................................5 3.3. Hot Standby ...........................................................................................................................................................6 3.4. Duplicated Hosts and Lines ..................................................................................................................................7 3.5. Fully Duplicated ....................................................................................................................................................8

4. HARDWARE DESIGN .....................................................................................................9 5. CONFIGURATION.........................................................................................................10


5.1. Power Supply .......................................................................................................................................................10 5.2. Common Line C...................................................................................................................................................11 5.3. Selectable Line .....................................................................................................................................................12 5.4. Settings .................................................................................................................................................................12 5.5. Indicators .............................................................................................................................................................13

6. APPENDIX.....................................................................................................................14
6.1. Layout ..................................................................................................................................................................14

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KU13.1

1. INTRODUCTION

The KU13.1 FBS (Fall Back Switch) is an Euro1-size unit for connecting RS-232 communication links between modems and host computers and providing backup lines for them. The FBS boards are installed in a 19 subrack: KU20 communication center which can also hold Euro1-size modems KU18 and power supply unit. RS-232 and power supply cables are connected via KU20 backplanes.

KU20 COMMUNICATION CENTER


POWER SUPPLY
F L -B C AL A K S IT H W C F L -B C AL A K S IT H W C F L -B C AL A K S IT H W C F L -B C AL A K S IT H W C

OUTPUT O K TD x RD x C
HO T S ND TA BY S LE E CT

TD x RD x C
HO T S ND TA BY S LE E CT

TD x RD x C
HO T S ND TA BY S LE E CT

TD x RD x C
HO T S ND TA BY S LE E CT

M O N I T O R C

M O N I T O R C

M O N I T O R C

M O N I T O R C

KU23

K 1 U 3.1

K 1 U 3.1

K 1 U 3.1

K 1 U 3.1

Several parts of the communication system can be duplicated with the KU13.1 FBS SINGLE HOST - DUPLICATED LINES

RS-232

A FBS B

RS-232 RS-232

MicroSCADA

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KU13.1

RS-232

A B FBS C RS-232

MicroSCADA

RS-232

MicroSCADA

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2. OPERATION LOGIC

Connects line C to line B.

Is there DTR/CDsignal on line A?

no

yes

Timeout?

yes

Connects line C to line A.

no

Connects line C to line B.

Picture ku13I.drw

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3. OPERATION MODES
3.1. Duplicated Lines

CASE 1 Duplicated lines


HOST
M A
RS-232

M A C
FBS

STATION

FBS

MicroSCADA

B M M

FBS activated by carrier detect

A computer is connected to the connector C. The configuration switches S2-24 are set to DTE. The switch S25 is closed. These settings apply for both FBCs. As long as the CD signal is active on side A, the communication path is connected to that side. When the CD signal is not detected on side A as the timeout delay expires, the communication path is switched to side B. The timeout delay is adjustable by trimmer R7.

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3.2. Duplicated Hosts

HOST A

CASE 2 "Warm stand by" Duplicated host

RS-232

STATION
MicroSCADA

A
FBS

MODEM C M

LINE

MODEM M

HOST B

RS-232

MicroSCADA

FBS activated by A, DTR

A modem is connected to the connector C. The switches S2-24 are set to DCE. The switch S25 is closed. As long as the DTR signal is active on side A, the communication path is connected to that side. When the DTR signal is not detected on side A as the timeout delay expires, the communication path is switched to side B. The timeout delay is adjustable by trimmer R7.

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3.3. Hot Standby

CASE 3 "Hot stand by"


HOST A

RS-232

STATION
MicroSCADA

A
FBS

MODEM C M

LINE

MODEM M

HOST B B

RS-232

MicroSCADA

FBS activated by last rising DTR

A modem is connected to the connector C. The switches S2-24 are set to DCE. Since the Hot Standby mode is used, the switch S26 is closed. The communication path is connected to the side, where the DTR signal is most recently detected. The initially active side (A or B) can be selected with switch S1.

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3.4. Duplicated Hosts and Lines

HOST A

CASE 4 Duplicated hosts and lines


MODEM
RS-232

LINE

MODEM M A STATION

MicroSCADA

FBS

MODEM
RS-232

LINE

MODEM M

MicroSCADA

HOST B

FBS activated by carrier detect

A computer is connected to the connector C. The switches S2-24 are set to DTE. The switch S25 is closed. As long as the CD signal is active on side A, the communication path is connected to that side. When the CD signal is not detected on side A as the timeout delay expires, the communication path is switched to side B. The timeout delay is adjustable by trimmer R7.

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3.5. Fully Duplicated

HOST A

CASE 5
RS-232

All duplicated

RS-232 MicroSCADA

A
FBS

MODEM C M

LINE

MODEM M A C
FBS

STATION

B B
FBS

MODEM C M

LINE

MODEM B M

RS-232

RS-232

MicroSCADA

HOST B

FBS activated by A, DTR and in station end by carrier detect

A modem is connected to the connector C on both FBSs. The configuration switches are set to DCE and the switch S25 is closed. A station is connected to connector C. The switches S2-24 are set to DTE. The switch S25 is closed. The upper FBS selects the connection line according to the DTR signal on Host A. When there is no signal detected during the timeout delay, the FBS connects the communication to host B. This FBS connects the communication path according to the modem CD signal. When there is no signal detected on side A during the timeout delay, the FBS connects the communication path to side B. The lower FBS works in the same way as the upper one, except that the first selection is Host B.

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4. HARDWARE DESIGN

The KU13.1 FBS is a solid state switch used to backup and connect communication lines. The hardware is a single Eurosize card. The card has a built-in switching regulator. It accepts a power supply with a range of 7 - 33 VDC. The receiver interface transforms the RS-levels to the TTL-levels and transmitter interface converts the TTL-signals to the RS-levels. The switching is made by the TTL- levels. The Hot Standby mode is based on a Schmitt-trigger latch circuit. It can be preset with the switch located on the front panel. The timeout period is generated by a one shot timer chip. The timeout delay can be adjusted with a trimmer R7.

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5. CONFIGURATION
There are two D-connectors (D25S) for the selectable lines A and B, and RJ-45 connector for the common line C. The common line C can also be connected to an onboard D-connector (D25S).
X2 X6
COMMON SELECT

A
c

1 X1
1

X4
1

X3

+V GND

1 X5

5.1. Power Supply The power line is connected to the backplane connector X5. The GND level is connected to the pin 2 and positive voltage to the pin 1. The power supply input voltage range is 7-33VDC.

+V GND

POWER SUPPLY

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5.2. Common Line C The common line C is connected to the backplane board as follows: RJ45 FRONT VIEW
1 8

RJ45 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Signal RI CD DTR GND RxD TxD CTS RTS

D-25P 22 8 20 7 3 2 5 4

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The common line can be alternatively connected to the on-board D-connector. In that case, C = DTE. pin 1 = PG pin 2 = TxD pin 3 = RxD pin 4 = RTS pin 5 = CTS pin 6 = DSR pin 7 = GND pin 8 = CD pin 20 = DTR pin 22 = RI 5.3. Selectable Line The selectable line is on the backplane board with the connector A or B. They are both D25-female connectors. pin 1 = PG pin 2 = TxD pin 3 = RxD pin 4 = RTS pin 5 = CTS pin 6 = DSR pin 7 = GND pin 8 = CD pin 20 = DTR pin 22 = RI 5.4. Settings S1 LEFT on the Hot Standby mode triggers the connection to line A

RIGHT

on the Hot Standby mode triggers the connection to line B

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S2-24 are always set to the same position depending on the C = DCE or DTE C = DCE C = DTE S25-27 case A: case B: case C: S25 is closed, the timeout delay is active S26 is closed, Hot Standby mode S27 is closed, Common Select mode The Common Select mode slave boards change their selections at the same time commanded by the master board. The master board S27 and S25 (timeout) or S26 (Hot Standby) is selected. There is one master FBS board in the datacommunication rack and one to four slave boards. The Common Select line is chained to every board.If more than one backplane board is used, the Common Select line is chained to the next backplane board (X6). 5.5. Indicators H1 upper H1 lower H2 upper H2 lower H3 upper H3 lower line A TxD line B TxD line A RxD line B RxD line A DSR line B DSR a modem is connected to the connector C a computer is connected to the connector C

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6. APPENDIX
6.1. Layout

RN1
H1 H2 H3 V6 V7 V8 V9

C45
R1 V5 R9

C41
R6

+ C44 R7
R4

L1

C3 X2 N1 C1

C39 C42 D8 C43

C40 D10

C2

V2

D9

V3
R8 R10

R2

V4
R3 R5

S1 X1 C46 C4 C11 C18 C25 C32 S23 S24 D1 C19 C26 C33 D2
V10

C47
V11

C5 C12 C20 C27 C34

C6 C13 C21 C28 C35


R11

C7 C14 C22 C29

C8 C15 C23

C9 C16 C24

C10 C17

D3

D4

D5

D6

D7

R12

S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10 S11 S12 S13 S14 S15 S16 S17 S18 S19 S20 S21 S22

S27 S26 S25 C30 C36 C37

C31 C38

V1

DIRECTION:

S2-S24

C = DCE

C = DTE

ACTIVATED BY:

S25 S26 S27

DTR HOT STAND BY COMMON SELECT

CD NC COMMON SELECT

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