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The Writer

Born September 23, 1924, in Worthing, Sussex, England; died October 11, 2003, in London, England. Author.Alcock was a bestselling author of mystery and fantasy fiction for young adults. Her early training and career, however, was in commercial art, and she attended the Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Arts from 1940 to 1942. She left school to become an ambulance driver for the Auxiliary Territorial Service during World War II; after the war, she held several different jobs, including as an artist for the duplicating firm Gestetner Ltd. from 1947 to 1953. This was followed by three years as an employment bureau manager; and from 1956 to 1964 Alcock worked as a secretary for Whiltington Hospital in London. Although she had enjoyed storytelling and novels since she was a child, Alcock was shy about trying to be a published author and was content to stay in the background behind her famous author husband, Leon Garfield. However, she did occasionally give him ideas for his books, such as the popular Smith stories. It was not until 1980, therefore, that she finally published her first novel for teenagers, The Haunting of Cassie Palmer. Alcock continued writing fantasies, ghost stories, and mysteries through 2001, many of which proved popular with teens and some of which were adapted to television as movies and series. She published almost two dozen books in all, including Travelers by Night (1983), The Cuckoo Sister (1985), The Monster Garden (1988), A Kind of Thief (1992), Time Wreck (1996), A Gift on a String (1998), Ticket to Heaven (2000), and her last book, The Boy Who Swallowed a Ghost (2001). Several of her novels were named notable books by the American Library Association (ALA), and The Monster Garden was named the best science fiction/fantasy book of 1988 by the ALA.





This story is about a seventeen - year - old girl called Lucy Beck, who had just received a diploma from a secretarial college. With the diploma, she hoped to secure a job as a secretary. Her principal,Mrs Price however did not have much confidence in her because she was small, she looked timid and could only type at a slow speed.

Lucy too was not very confident in her own self. She feared that she would not get a job. So, getting a job at the first interview she went was really a blessing. On her first day, she was surprised by a spirit of the former secretary, Miss Broome. The spirit communicated with her using the electronic typewriter. At first, she was horrified and frightened. Yet when she thought about the many luxurious things she could buy with her salary as a secretary, she became determine to fight the spirit.

She discovered from Harry Darke, an old man who worked at the firm that Miss Broome was a lonely woman who dedicated her life to her job as secretary. She was asked to leave by the late Mr Bannister after working for 43 years. She was reluctant as the office was like her home and she had no family. Even in her death, she was adamant to keep her job and frightened off many young girls who wanted to take her job.

Finally, Lucy was able to persuade the spirit of Miss Bloome to leave the job to her. She told her that Mr Bannister had passed away and he desperately needed her to take care of him in the new world. Lucy related to Miss Bloome that she was told to leave because Mr Bannister was worried about her health.




Elements Setting
The story was set in a small town, Belmont and it revolves around two main settings:

Lucys house which she shares with her mother and her Uncle Bert, In a poor neighbourhood

The office of Ross and Bannisters where Lucy works as a secretary. It is a small firm which is over thirty years old.





DETERMINATION: Lucy has strong determination to keep her job as secretary of Ross and Bannisters despite the supernatural forces that tries to fail her. Miss Broomes spirit lingered in the room where Lucy works and demands her to leave but she shows no signs of giving up. Lucy is steadfast in defending her position as the secretary and she battled fearlessly with the spirit of Miss Broome who haunted the typewriter that Lucy was working on. Due to her strong determination, she managed to hold on to her job at the firm. FAMILY LOVE AND CARE Lucys mother is a responsible lady who takes care of Lucy and her brother despite of the hard life they have to go through. She manages to keep the bond of family love by forgiving Uncle Bert and accepting him back into the family. Lucy also regretted for being rude to Uncle Bert when she sees his shaking hands and miserable eyes, she apologizes and maintain the family bond. Lucy loves her mother and shares her happiness with her mother when she was successful of obtaining a job as a secretary. COMMITMENT AND LOYALTY: Lucy and Miss Broome are both committed and loyal to their profession. Lucy takes her work seriously and does the job of typing which was given to her successfully. She has to face the battle with Miss Broome who is still attached to her work even after her death. Lucy did not give up even when Miss Broome demanded her to leave. Miss Broome was so possessive towards her job and also extremely loyal towards Mr. Bannister. Lucy managed to convince her that the late Mr Bannister needs her so she left the office in order to continue her service to Mr Bannister in the afterlife.


LONELINESS: Miss Broome has no friends and family members, so she commits herself to her job seriously and made the office her home. She became so attached to her position in the office and the feel of possessiveness went beyond the grave. Uncle Bert also felt the loneliness in life and became so dependable on his sister, Mrs Beck. THE SUPERNATURAL: Supernatural is being above or beyond what is unexplainable and natural by natural law. The character of Miss Broome in this story is presented as an ethereal entity. Her spirit lingered in the office where she used to work and haunts the new young secretaries who are supposed to replace her. She writes nasty messages and tries to drive away those who were choose to replace her. She instills the fear and eerie feelings in their hearts to frighten them. COMPASSION: The theme of compassion is revealed in the final confrontation between Lucy and Miss Broome. After hearing about Miss Broomes life history from Harry Darke, Lucy became sympathetic and understanding. She interacts with the spirit of Miss Broome through typing on the typewriter and finally she managed to convince her of leaving the place. She told her that Mr Bannister needs her in the afterlife and the spirit left in peace. Compassion is also revealed by Mrs Beck to her brother who is lonely and needed a place called home. Lucy also had compassion towards her Uncle Bert and sympathize him as he is a lonely person who has no place to go.




Story Plot
Lucy is determined to defend her job and she started to type another copy by fixing her eyes on the keys. She was surprised when the typewriter typed out a threatening note. Through the battle of wits between Lucy and the spirit of Miss Broome at the typewriter, Lucy managed to gather all her courage. She erased all the words and she managed to type all her letters and sent it to be signed by Mr Ross.

Lucy managed to get a job as a secretary at Ross and Bannisters after being interviewed by Mr. Ross. Harry Darke explained to Lucy that she needs to use the typewriter to do her work. Whenever Lucy types, the typewriter tries to control her. The word QWERTYUIOP keeps on appearing each time she types. Lucy types questions in order to investigate the mystery behind it. Harry Darke informs her of the old former secretary, the late Miss Broome, who was forced to resign.

Lucy feels sorry for Miss Broome after she heard about Miss Broomes loneliness and depression after losing her job. She sympathized Miss Broome and tries to persuade her to leave in peace. Lucy convinced her that Mr Bannister needs her help in the afterlife.

The main character, Lucy Beck is introduced and she lives with her mother and uncle. She has completed her secretarial course and wants a job. She is tried living in poverty and wants to lead a better life.

The typewriter become silent and Lucy types a goodbye note to Miss Broome. There was no reply and Lucy was relieved as she has finally helped the spirit of Miss Broome to find peace at last








A young seventeen year old lady who got a job as a secretary at Ross and Banisters Characteristics: She is a young, shy, a low achiever, not competent and highly qualified and insecure graduate of secretarial studies. Textual evidence: Lucy Beck was young and small and mouse-coloured, easily overlooked. She had a lonely O level and a typing speed that would make a tortoise laugh. Characteristics: She has a very low self esteem, inferior complex, no confidence and pessimistic Textual evidence: She is wondering who will employ her as she is aware of her inadequacies. Lucy assumes that there are more qualified and brighter people than her who are qualified for the job vacancy.


Characteristics: She became ambitious, determined and optimistic to change her life style. Textual evidence: Lucy is tired of being poor and she is fed up with macaroni cheese and baked beans. She is also sick of wearing second-hand clothes. She gathered her strength and determined to get a job to get out of poverty. Characteristics: Lucy becomes enthusiastic and a quick learner when she got a job. She also became courageous when she has to face the conflict with the spirit of Miss Broom. Textual evidence: Lucy got a job at Ross and Bannister, a small firm with a factory just outside the town. She is so excited so came to her work place on Monday morning, at ten to nine and waited as the door to the office is closed. She faces problems when each time she types, the word QWERTYUIOP appears on the paper. When she finds that it was the ghost of Miss Broom, she became courageous and keep typing and liquid the unwanted words and reached the end of the letter by triumph. Characteristics: Lucy became sympathetic, caring, insightful and understanding after knowing Miss Broomes history. She took the initiative to look for an amicable solution. Textual evidence: Lucy is shocked when she heard the news about Miss Broome from Harry Darke. She was forced to stop working after she had been working for forty three years. Lucy sympathizes Miss Broome and tells her that Mr Bannister is only acting out of concern as he was worried of her health. Lucy managed to convince Miss Broome that the late Mr Bannister needs her help in the after life.



The spirit of Ms Broome who haunts the office where she once worked as she is so attached to her job. Characteristics: Loyal, dedicated and took her job seriously at Ross and Bannisters. Textual evidence: Ms Broome had worked for forty three years :girl, woman, old misery. She is unwilling to let go of her position and continues to defend her post, even after her demise. Characteristics: Lonely as she had no family and friends. Textual evidence: The office was her home; the job was all she lived for as she did not have any family of her own. She had no place worth to go and she insists to stay on. Characteristics: She is persistence, vengeful and also possessive over her secretarial job at Ross and Bannisters. Textual evidence: Miss Broome dies but she does not want to leave her job and insist to stay on. She types nasty messages to new secretaries to instill fear. The typewriter rocked as if with laughter, its keys clicking like badly fitting false teeth. She creates havoc with intention to scare those who will replace her place at the office. Characteristics: Finally she is convinced that she should leave as her help is needed. Textual evidence: Miss Broom leaves the office permanently after Lucy managed to convince her that Mr Bannister needs her help in the afterlife. The typewriter became silent, sunlight glittered on its keys making them looked wet.



Ross and Bannisters handyman. He is an old man who has been working with the company for years. Characteristics: Helpful and concern Textual evidence: He does all the odd jobs in the office and helps out new employees. He is helpful in giving useful information to Lucy regarding the spirit of Miss Broome and shows concern to her. He even told Lucy not to be like a frightened mouse, and not to worry. Characteristics: A loyal worker at Ross and Bannisters. Textual evidence: He has been working for thirty years with Ross and Bannisters, retired with a silver watch but still cant keep away from his job. Characteristics: Encouraging and supportive to his colleague Textual evidence: He praises Lucy for her braveness and determination to keep on her job even after she has confronted the spirit of Miss Broome. He said that Lucy is no longer the timid mouse and she is a right little lion. Then he gives her chocolate biscuits with her tea as a credit and encouragement.



She is a patient and hardworking housewife who live a hard life. She has to support her brother. Characteristics: Content with her status in life. Textual evidence: Mrs Beck is satisfied with her status; she said to Lucy that We are jumble sailors on the rough sea of life. Thus she accepts her fate and shows no actions or thoughts of wanting more than what she has in life. Characteristics: Forgiving and compassionate Textual evidence: She had an argument/quarrel with Uncle Bert and had turned him out once. Six weeks later, she asked him to return as she sympathize him. She said he looks so lonely, so lost, living all by himself in a horrid little room with the worn line and the curtains all shrunk. Characteristics: Patient Textual evidence: Lucy could not help wishing her mother would sometimes lose her temper, shout, scream, throw saucepans at the spinning, grinning head of Uncle Bert. Characteristics: Low expectations Textual evidence: She does not expect Lucy to get a job as she was not confident in Lucys ability.



A drunkard man who depends on his sister for support. Characteristics: Dependable and irresponsible Textual evidence: He drinks heavily and borrows money from Lucys mother. Characteristics: Caring Textual evidence: He is concern of Lucy and thought to prepare her supper since she is now a working girl.


Lucys boss Characteristics: Accommodating and concern Textual evidence: He is easy to deal with, willing to help and even offers to do something about the typewriter if any problems continue.




Moral Value Search

1. be kind to others especially to the less fortunate Lucy is both kind and symphatic toward MissBroome and her uncle Bert. She reslises that both these people feel dejected and lonely. Lucy uses her discretion and shows MissBroome that the fact that she was laid off work as a secretary was because the firm was worried about her health. She later gives assurance to uncleBert that she and her mother want him to live there with them as he is part of the family. Lucy manages to solve her problems by showing a little kindness to these two people who I her view are the less fortunate 2. Stand our ground to protect our right Lucy believes that it is her turn to be the secretary working for the firm and it is not fair on miss Broomes part to insist that she leaves. It is her right to be there and because of this lucy puts up a fight with the ghost of miss broome who tries to scare her away via the electric typewriter




The Writer

Frank Brennan hails from the North West of England and is a graduate of the University of Wales. He was an actor and writer in a theatre group for schools and has taught English and Drama in secondary schools both in the UK and in Singapore. He has experienced editing books of short stories and plays. He has published original short stories and plays and written literature guide books for secondary students. Currently, he is working on a new collection of short stories. His interests include music, especially jazz and roots music, and history.

Now I know more about the writer.





The story is about a young lady, Anna, who works as a chemist in Amos Cosmetics factory in New Jersey. She tries different concoctions to create the best perfume. One day, she accidentally discovers a perfume that can charm men and make them fall in love with her. In addition to using the usual mix of flowers and things, she decides to throw in a piece of fruitcake into the mixture. The mixture produces a perfume which smells pleasant. Anna dabs a little of the perfume on the back of her hands and keeps the rest in her handbag. She does not think too much of it as she knows that she has to make perfumes in a proper way. However, she later discovers Mr. Amos, her boss, is suddenly attracted to her. He even invites her for dinner and she accepts it.

That night, she uses her usual perfume called Intrigue for her dinner date. Mr. Amos behaves strangely when he comes to pick her up at her home. Instead of the friendly and flirty tone in the office, he seems uninterested. He tries to end the dinner quickly and tells her that it is a reward for her hard work at the factory. Anna is puzzled at the change in his reaction. She thinks it has something to do with the perfume she is wearing. She excuses herself to go to the restroom and applies a generous dab of the new perfume she has concocted. The perfume has the same effects on a waiter, who also declares his love for her. Upon returning to her table, she discovers Mr. Amos is once again besotted by her. Anna realizes now that the perfume is responsible for his strange behavior. When she returns to the table, she finds Mr. Amos with Sabina, a beautiful and young model. All of a sudden, Mr. Amos declares his love for Anna and the waiter too starts singing to her. Soon, a fight starts between Sabina, Mr. Amos, the waiter. Several waiters try to calm things down. Anna decides to leave the restaurant immediately and returns home.

The next day, she takes leave and investigates the fruitcake. Her conversation with Aunt Mimi reveals that Aunt Mimi actually buys the fruitcake from a strange old lady who uses a secret ingredient. Unfortunately, it is impossible to find the old woman as she has passed away recently. Two days later, Anna returns to work. She meets Sabina with Mr. Amos in his office and Sabina insults her. In anger, Anna splashes the perfume on Sabina. She then resigns from the company and finds a new job in the factory that produces Intrigue. Sometime later, Armstrong, the pizza boy who now owns the company, confesses his love for Anna.




Elements Setting
Amos Cosmetic factory in New Jersey, USA Anna works as a chemist designing new perfumes here. When she makes a new perfume with a little piece of fruitcake as part of the ingredients, she attracts her rich and handsome boss, David Amos, who has little regard for ordinary people.


Lives with her mother who is worried she is still single.

French restaurant

It is an expensive place for food and drinks. David Amos brought her here for their dinner date. Both David and the waiter try to win Annas love and fight over her. Aunt Mimis apartment

Aunt Mimi lives in a nice little apartment on the other side of town. She wants to help Anna find a suitable husband.




The Themes!
Physical attraction/superficial love versus true love

David Amos has only been attracted to pretty young models in the past. However, after Anna wears the special perfume, he becomes physically attracted to Anna and thinks that he loves her. So does the waiter at the French restaurant who smells her perfume. Anna does not believe it because she knows that David Amos does not like plain girls like her.

In contrast, Armstrong who has fallen in love with Anna when he was only a pizza delivery man, withholds his declaration of love until he feels that he is worthy of her love. He only dares to proclaim his love for Anna after he has become successful owner of a pizza company. Anna realizes that he truly loves her and would be a suitable life partner for herself.


Anna rejects both David Amos and the waiter as they are not genuinely concerned about her. She has integrity and has pride in her own worth. She resigned from her career at Amos Cosmetics because she did not like the way her employer, David Amos, belittled her , particularly in front of his snooty girlfriend, Sabina. Seeking the right life partner is fraught/filled with problems

Anna faces wrong suitors, fights and job resignation before finding her true love.

The influence of the supernatural is not desirable

The special ingredient in the fruitcake that was mixed in the perfume did not bring happy consequences for Anna because she attracted the wrong type of men who were shallow and foolish. True love does not need supernatural aid.

Fulfilling family obligations to marriage

Anna was under pressure from her mother and aunt to get married because they were afraid that she was too old (27 years) to find a suitable life partner.




Literary Devices in the Story


Point of View This story is written from the first person point of view. The narrator is also the main character. The pronoun I is used. We see the events from Annas perspective. We can experience her thoughts and feelings. Tone The story is narrated in a humorous way. Diction(the choice of words used in the story) Lighthearted/ humorous - he smiled until I thought his face would break into two Casual use of slang e.g. momma, guy use of clichs (overused expressions) e.g. Im crazy about you; You are so beautiful simple vocabulary; short dialogues; lots of exclamation marks (!); unfinished sentences (); use of italics (darling) to show emphasis and unexpected surprise American boss I like funnystories !


Simile The story has several interesting and funny similes e.g. he looked like a dog who had just found a bone; mouths wide open like a couple of fish, etc.

Stereotypes e.g. pretty young models; rich and handsome employer; Slapstick comedy e.g. ridiculous behavior of singing waiter; silly fights Imagery The fruitcake ingredient makes the sophisticated perfume smell like a glorious mix of all natural, delicious, inviting and warm smells (like fresh bread and flowers and sunshine all mixed together).




Story Plot
Mr Amos becomes enamoured and makes declarations of love to her. A waiter also makes love declarations to her. A fight starts between Mr Amos, the waiter and Sabrina, Mr Amos girlfriend. Anna realises it is the effects of the fruitcake perfume.

During dinner, Mr Amos is not as attentive as he was in the morning. Anna dabs on the Fruitcake perfume in the ladies room.

Anna wants to find the special something in the fruitcake but is unable to.

Anna creates a Fruitcake perfume and dabs on it. Mr Amos becomes intoxicated with her when he gets a whiff of it. Anna is very surprise with this sudden interest.

Anna resigns from Amos Cosmetics and she settles for the pizza delivery man, Armstrong, who has his own pizza company.





Character s

Anna was 27 years old chemist who worked in Amos Cosmetics. Her job was to design new perfumes. Anna was a plain looking woman who never attracted the interest of her boss Mr. Amos. She lived with her mother and had an aunt who came to visit them sometimes. Characteristics: She is aimpulsive and curios. Textual evidence: I was trying out all the usual mix of flower and things just like I always did-when I decided to throw in a piece of fruit cake momma had packed for my lunch. Although I couldnt explain why Mr Amos had suddenly found me..attractive, I really wanted to know. Characteristics: She has a status and conscious. Textual evidence: Why dont you calm down and serve the lobster like a good little waiter? But he was only the pizza delivery man.


David Amos

A very rich and handsome Englishman who was the owner of Amos Cosmetics. He was a womanizer who was famous for going out with beautiful woman. He never took any notice of plain looking woman and would be embarrassed to be associated with one. Characteristics: He is a arrogant ,devious and condescending

Textual evidence: David is a dark, handsome English guy who would never dream of saying nice thing to ordinary girls like me ,I knew it! hed changed his mind and was trying to think of some excuse to get out of our evening together

So David wants you to accept a bit of money to make up for any disappointments you may have had,and go back to making perfumes at the factory again.


Aunt Mimi

Annas aunt live across town. Very concerned that Anna had not found a suitable man to marry Aunt Mimi also attempted to match Anna with certain men. Characteristics: She is a thoughtful Textual evidence: I was thinking of finding a husband for you. .inquisitive speaking of which, she said, moving closer to me, its your turn. Characteristics: She is a protective Textual evidence: this new man of yours- he wants you to bake him cake .Who does he think you are, his mother?


Annas mother who was really hopeful that Anna would be married soon. Characteristics: She is a motherly

Textual evidence: the fruitcake Momma had packed for my lunch


The Waiter

He worked in the French restaurant that Anna went to with Mr. Amos Characteristics: She is a protective Textual evidence: He was playing a guitar and singing O sole Mio to me at the top of his voice.


She was the beautiful model that was Mr. Amos latest girlfriend.

Characteristics: She is aconceited(a person that is proud and vain) Textual evidence: He means that a rich and handsome man like him could not possibly fall in love with a nobody like you when he was a beautiful girl like me.



He was a little short and a little thin He used to work as a pizza delivery man. He has own pizza company before approaching Anna. Characteristics: He is a determined Textual evidence: He explained that he had fallen in love with me when he first delivered pizza to us, but he wanted to be a success before asking me out.

The old woman who sold cakes

She had a secret ingredient that she put into her fruitcake that could make a woman become attractive. The old woman would bake her special fruitcake when it was needed by women who are looking for husbands. Characteristics: She is a mysterious Textual evidence: As a matter of fact, she knew that I was thinking about finding a husband for you. I dont know she knew but she did.




Moral Value Search

1. Be caring and concerned towards our loved one

Aunt Mimi was adamant to find a husband for Anna so that she would have a companion. Aunt Mimi took the trouble to buy cakes for Anna when she came to visit Anna and her mother. 2. Avoid beindg vain and proud of our looks Mr Amosonly talks to beautiful women that interest him. His girlfriends were made up of only pretty, young models. Although Mr Amos worked in the same factory as Anna he never took any notice of her because she was only plain looking. 3. be determine and work hard to achieve our dreams Armstrong was a pizza delivery man when he first fell in love with Anna. He knew that Anna did not notice him as a nobody and so became determined to achieve success to attract her attention. Two years later Armstrong managed to own his own pizza business and came knocking at Annas door.




cosmetics embarrassment Intrigue lobster momma O Sole Mio Romeo makeup shame, distress, humiliation fascinate a type of shellfish with large claws mother My Sun my one and only a male lover, usually very romantic





































Story Web










Authors background

Catherine MacPhail ( born 25 January 1946, Greenock) is a Scottish-born author, who has an established reputation as a writer of gritty, urban stories that tackle emotional and contemporary issues that eventually work towards a positive solution. Although she has had jobs (assembling computers for IBM and as a housewife), she always wanted to be a writer. Her first published work was a sort of "twist-in-the-tale" story in Titbits, followed by a story in the Sunday Post. In addition to writing books for children around their teens, she also writes for adults and is the author of the BBC Radio 2 series.





Rory and his grandfather, Granda, have looked after each other since Rorys dad walked out on them. Granda is given to lapses in memory (putting Rorys homework down the rubbish chute and the rubbish in Rorys school bag) and completely irresponsible behaviour (setting fire to his coat at a Parents Evening), but he has a generous heart and plenty of charm. Rory acts as his carer until there is a fire in the flat and the authorities decide to separate them. However, Rory is determined that they will stay together and they embark on an escape but with their faces on every television screen and in every newspaper, this is not so easy. Their journey is full of surprise betrayals and unexpected friendsas they attempt to evade the authorities and eventually track down the man who walked out on them.





Chapter 1 Readers are introduced to Rory and his Granda as they wait for DrNicol in the waiting room. The doctor is concerned that Rory is too young to take care of his grandfather. However, Rory is aware that there are only two of them in the family.

Chapter 2 Granda has a failing memory; always misplacing things. Rory has the sole responsibility of taking care of Granda like buying him his lunch every day.

Chapter 3 Rory sacrifices some of the things he likes forGranda. He gives up football so that he can be at home with his Granda. Rorys worry is that if Granda is put into Rachnadar, they would be separated. Rorys dad had left them many years ago and Granda is very disappointed with his son, not wanting to see him again.

Chapter 4 Granda is very popular with Rorys friends and meets Mrs. Foley for the first time. Granda accidentally sets fire to his and Mrs. Foleys coats at the schools Parents Night.

Chapter 5 Val Jessup, a social worker is assigned to take care of Granda and Rory. Darrens mum and Mrs. Foley are both worried for Rory and are glad of the extra help they were going to receive. However, Granda has a little accident in the flat and is taken to the hospital.

Chapter 6 Granda has suffered from smoke inhalation and has to be hospitalised. Rory pleads to the Big Man to makeGranda wake up. Val Jessup is nervous to let Rory live in the flat alone and drives him to the childrens home at Castle Street.


Chapter 7 Rory goes to the home because he has no choice and he thinks that it will be for only one night till his granda is out of the hospital. Tess, a young inmate of the home, terrifies Rory with her bad behaviour.

Chapter 8 Granda admits that he had forgotten that the chip pan was on the stove, hence the fire in the flat.He tries to appease Rory by saying that he would get better soon. However, he is upset that his grandson is in the Castle Street home.

Chapter 9 Although Rory loves his grandfather, he is slightly annoyed with him as well because of the accident; he had landed himself in the hospital because of that and now Rory is in a childrens home. Rory goes back to the flat with Val and collects Grandas medication. There, Roryrealises that he wants to return home. Granda feels the same too.

Chapter 10 Rory is given the idea that Mrs Foley might foster Rory. Rory goes to the hospital to find that Granda is not there anymore.

Chapter 11 Granda has been shifted to Rachnadar. Val Jessup tells Rory that he is just a boy and that he cannot take care of Granda anymore.

Chapter 12 Granda is very upset to be sent to the home and it breaks Rorys heart to see him cry. At Castle Street, Rory fights with Tess. Rory becomes exasperated when Granda retreats further and further into a shell while at Rachnadar and at school, the idea of being fostered by Mrs Foley worries him. Life is certainly unpleasant in Castle Street when Tess becomes increasingly uncontrollable. Rory decides that the only way is to run away with Granda.

Chapter 13 The Great Escape. Darren offers the use of his moms caravan and Rory plans the escape with great detail. Granda relies on Rory to get out of Rachnadar.


Chapter 14 Grandais like a little boy, allowing him to be led; safe in the knowledge that Rory would look after him. He is happy to be in the caravan and decides that he is indeed a lucky man to deserve a boy like Rory. Rory has done all of this so that they could be together. He realises that he would never let anyone separate them.

Chapter 15 Happy in the caravan, Granda recovers his old self.

Chapter 16 While fishing, they meet strangers and Granda is prejudiced when he calls them tinkers.AsGrandashealth improves and both of them are happy, Darren sends Rory a text message saying that the authorities are after them.

Chapter 17 Rory prepares Granda for another move away from the police but as they move through the woods, the strangers whom they had met the day before, reach out and help them.

Chapter 18 Rory has no choice and allows them to lead. They are taken to an older caravan camp and Rory meets Tyrone and his family. Tyrones mom responds that they had helped them because it was Rory that they had wanted to help.

Chapter 19 They are taken care of well in Sammys camp. While there, they realise that they are the top story on the Scottish news as a boy and his grandfather on the run. Apparently, the authorities are worried about Granda whose health is a real concern. Granda decides that he would rather die of cold and hunger as long as he is free.

Chapter 20 Granda and Rory are worried that Sammy would get into trouble by helping them. But Sammy insists that he did not kidnap them and that they are not escaped convicts. Rory learns never to be judgemental of people.


Chapter 21 The runaways enjoy the birthday party in Sammys brothers place. Ruby reads Rorys future and predicts that he would meet people who would help him; some of whom he would not be able to trust. He would certainly find what he is looking for but would face a terrible sadness before that.

Chapter 22 The public has mixed responses over Rory and Grandas running away. Ruby indicates that people are taking sides about them, arguing about the rights and wrongs of their case. Rory realises that they would have to be on the move again. Sammy suggests that he drives them to Dundee so that they can take a train to Glasgow to be with family friends who would provide them with shelter and time to think.

Chapter23 In the train, Rory realises that they have been recognised and alights at an earlier station. When Granda goes to the toilet, Rory is bullied by a young man who recognises him. Granda beats the latter with a bottle and decides that he will steal a car to escape.

Chapter 24 Granda seems an expert at stealing cars and his driving scares Rory. They stop at the lay by to have some rest.

Chapter 25 The runaways meet Rab when they stop to buy petrol. He offers them help.

Chapter 26 Rab says that he wants to help them because Rory and Granda are not criminals. He allows them the use of his flat and seems kind and concerned. Though pale and tired, Granda says that he is alright as long as he is with Rory. Rory prays for help because he realises he needs someone to help him. Again TV newsflashes show that the public is very much on their side and Rory gets to know that his Grandas son, his father, has been traced to Liverpool.

Chapter 27 The television news states that neither Rory nor his grandfather have attempted to contact Jeff McIntosh in Liverpool.Rab encourages Rory to take his grandfather to his son.


Chapter 28 Rab has a grand idea to make sure that they get to Liverpool. A whole line of people are going to take them to Rorys dad and Granda comments that the world is indeed wonderful after having experienced so much kindness.

Chapter 29 Annie drives them into England and leaves them with Norma and Nicola. The latter admires Rory for what he has done. Granda agrees but his mood changes when he finds out that they are going to his son in Liverpool.

Chapter 30 Granda refuses to go and for the first time Rory is frustrated. He had hoped that his father would take over the responsibility of Granda but Granda thinks that it would hurt Rory too much if his father would leave them again. Rory begins to hate his father and Granda consoles him by saying that they have never needed him and that they do not need him now. Nicola rings up to tell Rory that the police are coming and that they would have to move on.

Chapter 31 It is the second escape; both of them run out into the dark. Granda is tired and they both stop to rest and eventually sleep off at a stone bus shelter. Prior to that Granda says that if he was to die, he would as a happy man. On awakening, Rory is not able to awaken his grandfather and is afraid that he may be dead.

Chapter 32 Rory runs for help and remembers Rubys prophecy about the terrible sadness. Help comes immediately and the police introduce him to his father.

Chapter 33 Granda is not dead. He is hospitalised and recovers eventually. Rory is reunited with his dad and his family. He has two little sisters who endear themselves to Granda. His dad asks to be given another chance to prove that he can be a good dad and a good son again. Rory has found what he was looking for and realises that if anything happens to his Granda he will not be alone again. He is thankful to all who have helped them on their journey. He is very happy that he, Granda and his family are together again.





Granda Rorys grandfather. Also known as Mister McIntosh. Elderly, partially senile and never quite well, with a tendency to forget what he is doing (never puts off his pipe properly till it smoulders into flames). Loves his grandson dearly and cannot bear the thought of being separated from him. Rises to the occasion when least expected to. Hurt by his sons departure from the family and after his daughter-in-laws death, is dedicated to taking care of Rory.

Rory A young boy, still in school who is dedicated to taking care of his aging grandfather. Shows determination and courage even in desperate situations (when the grandfather is admitted in Rachnadar). Mature, he understands why his grandfather refuses to meet his own father.


Val Jessup A young and eager social worker who is responsible for Rorys well being. Responsible, she is anxious that Granda receives his full pension benefits and arranges for Rory to stay at the childrens home in Castle Street.


Mrs Foley Rorys teacher who is keenly aware of his inability to pass up His homework because of his duty to care for his grandfather. She is very concerned when Granda is admitted into the hospital and realises that Rory should not be in the childrens home.

Darren Rorys best friend in school who helps him to stay in the mothers caravan when Granda is taken away from Rachnadar.

Jeff McIntosh reconciliates with his father and son when he sees them on television.

Sammy, Ruby and Tyrone The family that offers comfort and security knowing that if they did not, the police would have taken Rory and his grandfather away.

Rab and his friends Offer security and are keen for Rory and Granda to go to Liverpool to meet with Rorys father.





Where it happens
Physical setting DrNicols clinic Social setting
Comfortable with the care and concern of DrNicol Public school


Rorys school

Rory is terrified of Mrs. Foley. Helpful classmates try to help Rory with his homework. Parents Night. Despite Grandas forgetful antics, there is much love and understanding between the two. Rory is worried for his grandfathers health the constant fear of death nags at him; he begs Big Man grey , dead stone, crow to wake Granda up from step gables and even a his sleep. turret eerie silver light was cast against the building. Like something out of a ghost story. Contrast between amiable boys and girls as well as aggressive Tess. Rory is miserable.

Granda and Rorys flat

Flat owned by the Building Society


Childrens home at Castle Street.

The nurses and a policewoman are kind to Rory but do not tell him Grandas real Temporary home for condition. abandoned children who may be up for foster care.


Where it happens
Physical setting Rachnadar Social setting
This is where they put old folk that nobody wants.

Granda is upset being there and it hurts Rory. ..the shuffling old people with dead eyes pass up and down

Darrens mums caravan

The caravan provided them with the comfort they had missed in the past few days. Similar to many other caravans in the campsite.

dead secluded but filled with basic necessities.

Tyrones caravan

Warm and friendly. Smelling of spices; domestic and happy atmosphere. Rory is threatened and Granda attacks the young nasty boy; Granda is galvanised into action decides that he will steal a car.

Perth railway station

Gas station

It is comforting to know that Rory and Granda are among people who trust them and are willing to help. The public, though worried for the responsibility that Rory has undertaken with the care of his grandfather, is very helpful in attempting to get Jeff McIntosh to meet his father and son.

Rab has recognised Rory and his Granda and is keen to help

The trip to Liverpool

Normas house provided temporary relief. Granda is hurt and angry that he is actually being taken to Liverpool to meet his son / Rorys father.


Where it happens
Physical setting Bus shelter Social setting
The bond between the two generations.

Granda is cold when he rests at the shelter after the escape from Normas house, but tells Rory that he is willing to be anywhere as long as they are together. Rory is extremelyafraid and shocked that he may be alone when he thinks his grandfather is dead. Granda may accept his son eventually (despite the years of misunderstanding). Rory had found a family and would not be alone when Granda finally goes.


The family is united Id find what I was looking for.





Climax Rory is convinced that his Granda is dead when they escape and rest at the stone bus shelter.

Running away from the authorities with the help of caring individuals

Rory runs for help. Intervention of the authorities.

The Great Escape.

Meets his father.

Granda is admitted to the hospital when he inhales smoke duringthe fire in the flat. Rory is sent to the Childrens home in Castle Street.

Granda recovers in the hospital and meets his son and family.

Exposition : Readers are given a view of Grandas and Rorys life.

Resolution: Rory is reunited with his father. He is happy that he now has a family.





Family and relationships A journey of love and protection between a grandfather and his grandson.

Growing up / Adolescence Explores key issues that young boys of this age may confront as their characters are shaped by relationships around them. Bridging the generation gap A young boys love for his aging grandfather; it shows a young boy realizing that someone he loves deeply may die. Social and civic responsibilities How society tries to intervene and help those who they think are unfairly treated or who they think deserve a better treatment. Social bias Valuessociety is quick to decide what the aged and ailing as well as the young should How be treated.

1. Family relationships and bonds must be appreciated and maintained. 2. Communication is an important feature among friends and family members. 3. Trust is a vital component in bridging generations. 4. Appearances may not be what they seem.




Point of view
Point of View The novel is seen through the eyes of Rory. Readers get access to his young mind how he thinks, feels and reacts. This narration technique reveals Rorys love for his granda, the concern and anxiety, fears, doubts and frustrations as he goes on the journey of love and protection with his grandfather. Reader can appreciate Rorys growth and maturation because the first person narration has made it possible for an inside view of Rorys mind. Analysing Characters RORY has a rich inner life; capable of growing and changing, adapting to every new situation with hope and optimism. Readers follow his development through a very wide variety of experiences. Consequences Behaviour He and his grandfather avoid the Kind, respectful and very aware authorities and eventually meet up of his responsibilities with his father

Motives Honest and sincere; he is very determined to be with his grandfather all the time. He does not want his grandfather to be in the old peoples home and the only way out is to run away.

Actions He plans the great escape and is solely responsible for getting his grandfather out of the home for old people. Along the journey, he meets new people who extend help.


GRANDA delightfully funny; often repeating phrases and is able to surprise the reader in some instances (hitting the bully unconscious in Perth railway station and stealing the car) Behaviour Motives Forgetful and often helpless, he has a He has no serious motives good sense of humour. Loves his except that he wants to be grandson who he says makes up for his together with his grandson at lost son. Charming to ladies, he all times. considers himself lucky to have Rory as his grandson - What did I do to deserve a boy like you?

Consequences Consequently he is separated from his grandson but runs away from the home. He meets strangers, some of whom he harbours prejudices. He hits a bully who threatens Rory and even steals a car in an attempt to escape. He reconciles with his son and his family in the end.

Actions He unwittingly embarrasses Rorys school teacher and becomes a hit among the children when he accidentally sets his coat on fire during Parents Day. In his forgetfulness, he nearly sets the flat on fireand because of that is hospitalised. He is very co-operative with Rory during their journey and never once complains.


Symbolism The journey / escape together. The caravan safe in the

- of the desired freedom that both need to be

- safety, privacy and security; both feel very caravans until it is time to run again.

Movies and movie stars - refer to Grandas constant memory of what he likes and remembers best tending to verge on an element of fantasy.

Tone Witty , tongue-in-cheek Humorous Element of suspense

Word Choice Use of figurative language Reference to proper nouns in the entertainment media Culturally different language e.g. bonny, wee , lassie, tinkers etc

Imagery Vivid, descriptive Appeals to personal experiences Shows feelings and emotions and use of sensors In keeping with intended meaning e.g. Castle Street , when Rory and Granda were running through the woods ( comparison with an escape by prisoners of war)

Grammar Mainly in the past tense A recollection of events by Rory Rorys thought patterns are also in the past.


Setting and the Mood of Characters The setting of the hospital orRachnadar and the childrens home at Castle Street is both morbid and sombre. Both reveal a great deal of Mister McIntoshs and Rorys feelings and fears.

Rachnadar Castle Street Home - the local old peoples hospital - an old Victorian villa- converted into - granda always told me that was a childrens home just after the war. where you went when nobody wanted - grey, dead stone, crow step gables you Shoot me before you put me in and even a turret it looked just the there, son, he would say. kind of place wizards and warlocks - the very building, stuck on the edge would live in. of town, dark and forbidding, - silhouetted against the night sky as frightened him. (I glanced into the patches of cloud scurried across the corridor, watched the shuffling old moon and an eerie silver light was people with dead eyes pass up and cast against the building. Like down, going nowhere.) something out of a ghost story - Granda was morbid of entering the - Rorys nightmare. home it terrorised him. - Although Rory accepts the fact that - When he is sent there, he is very he is sent there because of what had emotional and pleads with Rory happened, he is determined to leave Dont let me stay here the place as soon as his granda is - Granda becomes agitated and needs out of the hospital. medication to sleep. - He sleeps poorly out of sheer - He becomes pessimistic and terror of Tess and also of worry of nostalgic People then cared about his grandfather. each other. Looked out for each - He also knows that he has no choice other. .now nobody cares about and comforts his granda that he will anybody but themselves. Its a be settled in Castle Street until the horrible world, Rory hospital discharge. - If I were younger, Id run away from - Me and my granda were going to here. run away. - The Great Escape. - He might breathe and walk, but inside, my granda would be dead. - The landscape of the two places is not pleasant the drabness of the two places shape and reflect the feelings of the characters and goad them into action (The Great Escape)






Cause and Effect

Cause Granda leaves the chip pan on fire - suffers from smoke inhalation is weak and on oxygen. If Granda had not attempted to fry chips for lunch? As he is alone, Rory has to stay at the children's home at Castle Street. Rory is unhappy; terrorised by Tess and is worried about his Granda. Medical assessment of Granda finds him just not fit enough a decision to send him to Rachnadar because it is realised that Rory cannot be responsible for his grandfather anymore.

Effect As he is alone, Rory has to stay at the children's home at Castle Street. Rory is unhappy; terrorised by Tess and is worried about his Granda. Medical assessment of Granda finds him just not fit enough a decision to send him to Rachnadar because it is realised that Rory cannot be responsible for his grandfather anymore. THE GREAT ESCAPE Rory plans to take his grandfather away from the nursing home. Takes on the responsibility of planning the getaway.

THE GREAT ESCAPE Rory plans to take his grandfather away from the nursing home. Takes on the responsibility of planning the getaway.

Where am I going son?I looked up at him and a wave of love swept over me. My granda looked like a little boy, as if he were my baby brother, relying on me to make things better, just as Id always relied on my granda.

Where am I going son?I looked up at him and a wave of love swept over me. My granda looked like a little boy, as if he were my baby brother, relying on me to make things better, just as Id always relied on my granda.

I wanted to tell him that I had done this for both of us, so we could be together, the way we were meant to be. I wanted to tell him that I would anything so we could be together.


I wanted to tell him that I had done this for both of us, so we could be together, the way we were meant to be. I wanted to tell him that I would anything so we could be together.

But others worry about Rory being so young and being burdened with the responsibility of taking care of Granda.

But others worry about Rory being so young and being burdened with the responsibility of taking care of Granda.

Strangers come forward to help. The two runaways are on national news and many people want them to be together. Rory wishes to go to Liverpool to hand over the responsibility of his Granda to his own dad.

The family is reunited. Granda is happy with his granddaughters and Rory is thankful that he has a family.




Values in life

Values Family relationships and bonds must be appreciated and maintained.

Textual evidence

Communication is an important feature among friends and family members. Trust is a vital component in bridging generations. Those we should trust may sometimes let us down; those we do not trust may sometimes be our friends in need.

No Rory, nothings changed. Id rather be here in this cold bus shelter with you than anywhere else in the world. I want us to stay together as long as we can. Is that a deal? Its a deal Granda I wanted to tell him that I had done this for both of us, so we could be together, the way we were meant to be. I wanted to tell him that I would anything so we could be together. Anything. (Chap. 14). Im getting you out of here.
My granda was like a little boy, allowing himself to be led, without a word, without a question. Safe in the knowledge that I would look after him.

You will meet people who will help you. And there will be people you cant trust. Youre looking for something, Rory, and when you find it, everything changes for you. .And a terrible sadness will come first.
Because of that terrible sadness, Rory, you will find the thing youre looking for.






What They Do To Help

1. He helps Rory come with an excuse for Mrs. Foley as to why Rory had not passed up his homework. 2. He is a good listener and although he conveys his mothers messages / opinions to Rory, he himself is worried about the burden of responsibility that his dear friend has to bear. 3. Darren comes up with the solution that Rory and Granda could escape to his mothers secluded but comfortable caravan when Rory knew he had to take his grandfather away from Rachnadar. Rory swears Darren to secrecy and in turn the latter sneaks Rory the spare key of the caravan. 4. Later, Darren texts Rory to warn him that the police know where Rory and his grandfather are and encourages him to run away.

Why They Help

Darren Fisher is Rorys best pal and genuinely likes Granda too.

Norma and Nicola

1. Norma prepares a great dinner for both of them. Nicola is adamant that the both of them have done the correct thing. 2. Norma has agreed to drive them to Liverpool. 3. Norma actually tells the police when she realises that Rorys dad has to know of their whereabouts.

Norma is Annies cousin. Nicol is Normas daughter.



1. When Rory and Granda have to leave the first caravan, and are unable to run away fast because of Grandas health, Sammy comes up from behind to lead them out of the police search. He practically offers his help, leading them through the trees and bushes.

A kind man, he wants to help the two of them escape the police and the media.

2. Sammy explains that the police would have got to Rory and Granda if he and Tyrone had not helped them instead. They had actually recognised them o TV and decided that they would be the ones to help when it was needed. 3. Sammy understood Grandas initial mistrust of them but he was willing to drive the camper van out of police scrutiny and move on to his brothers place far south to Dundee. 4. At the railway station, Sammy gives Rory his mobile number and makes Rory promise that he will call Sammy if he needed anything.

Annie and Rab

1. Rab takes them under his wing when he sees that Granda is unable to continue driving the stolen car and allows them to stay in his flat. 2. Rab is keen to get a doctor to look into Grandas health and reassures Rory that he would turn them in. 3. It is Rab who first suggests to Rory that he should go to Liverpool to meet his father. 4. When the police are looking for the stolen car, Rab comes up with the idea of driving to the border and to hand them over to his girlfriend, Annie who would then take them closer to Liverpool. 5. Annie later drives them to Normas house.

Rab is the petrol station attendant who recognises them and wants to help them. Annie is Rabs girlfriend.


Dr Nicol

1. Cares for Granda and provides him with the necessary pills. 2. Is very concerned about Rory and about how he has to care for his grandfather at such a young age. 3. He is fond of both Rory and Granda thinks they are like a doubleact. 4. Tell Mister McIntosh that he is indeed a lucky man to have a grandson like Rory

An old family friend and doctor who cares for Granda and is also worried for Rory and his responsibilities.

5. He is concerned for both of them and was going to do his best to get a home help. Finally, he arranges for Val Jessup a social worker, to take care of the affairs of Granda and Rory.

Val Jessup

1. She is nervous about Rory living alone in the flat after the fire mishap and so drives him to the childrens home in Castle Street. 2. She takes Rory to the hospital to see his grandfather but keeps her worries about the latters health a secret. 3. Eventually, it is she who tells Rory that the authorities have moved granda to the old peoples home and that Rory, being young, really cannot take the responsibility of caring for his aged and unwell grandfather. 4. When Rory and his grandfather are on the run, Val Jessup appears on TV to address them, appealing for them to get in touch, stating that the authorities were only worried abut them and that it was grandas health that was the main concern.

A social worker who, in her enthusiasm in her first case, really takes to heart about Granda and Rory.






v. to prove too difficult or complicated for somebody to understand

Barring Battering Belching Berserk

v. excluding n. repeated beating v. releasing gas from mouth noisily Adj. behaving in an uncontrolled way as a result of anger or irrational feeling

Billowing Bonny Chute Commotion Defiantly Drooling Eerie Embellished Engrossed Forecourt Gables gnashing Gruffly Guffawed Hollering

v. to fill with air Adj. attractive n. slope to drop things down n. fuss, turmoil Adv. disobediently v. dribbling saliva Adj. unnerving or unusual way v. beautify something by adding decorations v. to take up somebodys whole attention n. an open area in front of the building n. the triangular top section of a side wall v. grinding your teeth Adj. harsh-sounding or throaty v. laughed loudly v. yelling, loud cry