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English For Academic Purposes

TKI 1005 / 2 Credits

Dr. Indraswari Kusumaningtyas 21-2-2012

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

1 Good Writing, Bad Writing

What makes a good piece of academic writing? It answers the question set. It demonstrates understanding and clarity of thought. It provides evidence of reading and research. It supports any assertions by evidence. It is well structured. It is written in an appropriate style. It flows logically from one section to another, and from one paragraph to another. It is appropriately referenced. It is interesting to read! Which of these points do you feel you manage well? Which might you find challenging?
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering English - Introduction 2

Example 1: Good or Bad?

Whether he's playing the best team in the NFL or the worst, Tony Romo has once again proven himself to be one of the most excellent quarterbacks to put on a helmet & shoulder pads to date. He can boast a 98.6 passer rating which is much better than most other QBs including greats such as Tom Brady & Joe Montana, and this only proves that he is capable of handling himself under enornmous pressure, such as when he defeated the Saints for the first time in the 2009 season. Many people have been concerned over his bad perfomrance this season, but I feel thats more because he has an injured ribcage from a brutal sack when he played the 49ers that caused a punctured lung according to, but also because of an oline that is struggling from injuries.

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

English - Introduction

Good Writing 1: Clear, simple, concise

Once again, Tony Romo has proved that he is one of the best quarterbacks in the NFL. With a 98.6 passer rating, he is consistently steady and reliable under heavy pressure. Concerns this past season over his poor performance earlier this season can be attributed to an injury to his ribcage, poor play-calling on the part of head coach Jason Garrett, and an O-line weakened by injury.

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

English - Introduction

Example 2: Good or Bad?

We know nowadays that scientists can create clone life from a test tub. However, in the early 1800s, when Frankenstein was written,, what did we know about life and the effect of electricity on it? That summer of 1816 was stormy, wet and gloomy; was it the lightning that inspired Ms. Shelley to write her now famous novel? "On an evening when Byron and Shelley had been talking about galvanism and human life, whether an electric current could be passed through tissue to animate it, Mary Shelley went to bed and in a half-dream state thought of the idea for Frankenstein (Griffith, 2010). Could her dream have been a look into the future, perhaps even our future? Or was it just a bad dream put to rest on paper? "Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley took part in a not so commonplace "contest". The contest was to write a ghost story. The outcome was Frankenstein; what is considered today to be a classic, one of the first science fiction tales, and a story immortalized many times over in film"
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Good Writing 2: Critical Thinking

The weather in 1816 Europe was abnormally wet, keeping many inhabitants indoors that summer. From April until September of that year, "it rained in Switzerland on 130 out of the 183 days from April to September" (Phillips, 2006). Unlike today, one could not simply turn on a television or click through the Internet in order to entertain oneself. Instead, it was much more common for the educated people of the day to spend time at cards, and with books. If you were Mary Shelley in the company of Byron and others, you amused each other reading out loud, sharing a common interest in a particular book, and your own scribblings. In her introduction to Frankenstein, her explanation of how this

extraordinary novel came to be was due at leat in part, to the weather and the
company (Shelley, 1816). "I passed the summer of 1816 in the environs of Geneva. The season was cold and rainy, and ...we occasionally amused ourselves with some German stories of ghosts... These tales excited in us a playful desire of imitation"

(Shelley, as quoted in Phillips, 2006).

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