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IBM Systems

IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide
Version 6.1
GI11-8712-00

IBM Systems

IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide
Version 6.1
GI11-8712-00

Note Before using this information and the product it supports, read the information in Notices on page 119.

Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 1999, 2008. US Government Users Restricted Rights Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.

Contents
About this publication . . . . . . . . v
Conventions and terminology . . . . . . . . v Publications and related information . . . . . . v Web resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii How to send your comments . . . . . . . . ix IBM Systems Director task support for Storage products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . National languages supported by IBM Systems Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Planning to install IBM Systems Director . . . . Service and support information . . . . . . Reviewing the environment . . . . . . . . Version compatibility of IBM Systems Director version 6.1 components . . . . . . . . . License information. . . . . . . . . . . Obtaining licenses for Common Agent . . . . Choosing the IBM Systems Director Server installation options . . . . . . . . . . . Choosing where to install IBM Systems Director Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Choosing the IBM Systems Director database application . . . . . . . . . . . . . Choosing the management level for managed systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Planning for virtual environments . . . . . . Disaster recovery for IBM Systems Director 6.1 . . Planning for events . . . . . . . . . . . . Planning events to be monitored . . . . . . Planning for event automation plan implementations . . . . . . . . . . . . Planning IBM Systems Director security . . . . . Planning IBM Systems Director users and groups Planning Secure Sockets Layer configuration on IBM Systems Director . . . . . . . . . . Planning password management in IBM Systems Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 42 42 42 43 46 47 47 48 49 50 52 54 54 55 56 57 60 60 61 69

Checklist: Installing IBM Systems Director Server on Linux on x86 . . . . xi Checklist: Installing agents on Linux on x86. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii Chapter 1. IBM Systems Director technical overview . . . . . . . . . . 1
IBM Systems Director components . . . . . Management server . . . . . . . . . Common Agent . . . . . . . . . . Platform Agent . . . . . . . . . . Agentless-managed systems . . . . . . Manageable resource types . . . . . . . Manageable systems . . . . . . . . . . User interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . Base function and extensible plug-ins . . . . Discovery manager . . . . . . . . . Status manager . . . . . . . . . . Configuration manager . . . . . . . Automation manager . . . . . . . . Update manager . . . . . . . . . . Remote access manager . . . . . . . Virtualization manager . . . . . . . IBM BladeCenter and System x management IBM System z management . . . . . . IBM Power systems management . . . . IBM System Storage management . . . . Additional IBM Systems Director plug-ins . Upward integration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 5 . 6 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 9 . 10 . 10 . 11 . 11 . 12 . 12 . 12 . 12 . 13 . 13 . 14

Chapter 3. Installing IBM Systems Director on the management server . . 71


Preparing the management server . . . . . . . Preparing the database application . . . . . Preparing firewalls and proxies for IBM Systems Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Preparing to install IBM Systems Director Server on Linux for System x and x86-based systems . . Installing IBM Systems Director on the management server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Installing IBM Systems Director Server on Linux for System x and x86-based systems . . . . . Configuring the database application after IBM Systems Director installation . . . . . . . . . Configuring IBM Systems Director Server after installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Configuring IBM Systems Director plug-ins and platforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Configuring the command line interface . . . . Reviewing Microsoft Internet Explorer security options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Logging on to IBM Systems Director Server for the first time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 71 79 80 85 86 90 91 92 92 94 95

Chapter 2. Planning for IBM Systems Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17


Hardware and software requirements . . . . . . Hardware requirements for IBM Systems Director Supported IBM systems and products . . . . IBM BladeCenter products . . . . . . . . Supported storage devices . . . . . . . . Network requirements . . . . . . . . . . Security requirements . . . . . . . . . . Operating system and software requirements . . IBM Systems Director task support by operating system and agent levels . . . . . . . . . IBM Systems Director task support not affected by operating systems . . . . . . . . . . IBM Systems Director task support for BladeCenter products . . . . . . . . . . 17 17 18 19 20 22 31 31 37 39 40

Copyright IBM Corp. 1999, 2008

iii

Chapter 4. Preparing agentless managed systems . . . . . . . . . . 97


Preparing to manage a IBM BladeCenter . . . . 97 Preparing to manage a IBM BladeCenter chassis using IBM Systems Director Server on a non-blade server . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Preparing to manage a IBM BladeCenter chassis using IBM Systems Director Server on a blade server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Preparing VMware managed systems . . . . . 100

Chapter 5. Discovering systems and collecting inventory data . . . . . . 101


Discovery protocols . . . . . . . . . Discovering systems with system discovery . System discovery . . . . . . . . . Performing a system discovery . . . . Viewing system discovery results . . . . Accessing a secured system with request access . . . . . . . . . . 101 102 102 103 104 104

Preparing a Platform-Agent managed system . . . Preparing to install Platform Agent on Linux for System x and x86-based systems . . . . . . Preparing VMware managed systems . . . . Preparing a Common-Agent managed system . . Obtaining licenses for Common Agent . . . . Preparing to install Common Agent on Linux for System x and x86-based systems . . . . Preparing VMware managed systems . . . . Installing agents using the Agent Installation Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Installing the LSI MegaRAID provider for Windows or Linux . . . . . . . . . . . . Installing virtualization manager subagents . . . Installing virtualization manager subagents using the installation wizard . . . . . . . Installing virtualization manager subagents manually . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

107 107 108 109 109 109 111 111 114 116 116 117

Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Chapter 6. Installing agents . . . . . 107

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IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

About this publication


This IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide provides information about installing and configuring IBM Systems Director. In addition to presenting an overview of IBM Systems Director and its requirements, it covers the following topics: v Planning an IBM Systems Director environment v Installing IBM Systems Director v Upgrading from IBM Director 5.20 or earlier to IBM Systems Director 6.1 v Configuring IBM Systems Director It also includes information about IBM Systems Director security and solving problems you might encounter during installation. Note: Sometimes, this publication describes a single procedure for accomplishing a task and refers to the information center for documentation of alternative procedures.

Conventions and terminology


These notices are designed to highlight key information: Note: These notices provide important tips, guidance, or advice. Important: These notices provide information or advice that might help you avoid inconvenient or difficult situations. Attention: These notices indicate possible damage to programs, devices, or data. An attention notice appears before the instruction or situation in which damage can occur.

Publications and related information


You can view the same content in the IBM Systems Director Information Center as PDF documents. To view a PDF file, you need Adobe Acrobat Reader, which can be downloaded for free from the Adobe Web site at www.adobe.com/products/ acrobat/readstep.html.

Information centers and topic collections


v IBM Systems publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/systems/index.jsp View the IBM Systems information center which provides integrated information for multiple IBM Systems products, including operating systems, hardware, storage, and software. This information center also contains scenarios to help you use multiple IBM Systems products in the same environment. v IBM Systems Director publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/systems/topic/director_6.1/fqm0_main.html Updated periodically, the IBM Systems Director topic collection contains the most up-to-date documentation available for IBM Systems Director. v IBM Systems Director plug-ins
Copyright IBM Corp. 1999, 2008

publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/systems/index.jsp View the IBM Systems information center for information about to install and use plug-ins that extend the functionality of IBM Systems Director. v IBM Systems Director Upward Integration Modules (UIMs) publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/systems/topic/uims_6.1/fqs0_main.html Read the IBM Systems Director Upward Integration Modules (UIM) topic collection to learn about how to install and use upward integration modules and management packs that enable non-IBM workgroup and enterprisemanagement products to interpret and display data that is provided by Common Agent and Platform Agent. v IBM Systems Director Software Development Kit publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/dirinfo/toolkit/index.jsp View the IBM Systems Director Software Development Kit (SDK) information center to learn about the APIs and CLIs that you can use to extend the capabilities of IBM Systems Director.

Publications
Release Notes Provides information about hardware requirements for running IBM Systems Director components, supported IBM Systems Director hardware, operating systems, databases, and workgroup and enterprise systems-management software. Hardware and Software Support Guide Provides information about hardware requirements for running IBM Systems Director components, supported IBM Systems Director hardware, operating systems, databases, and workgroup and enterprise systems-management software. Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide for AIX Provides detail instructions to install and configure each component of IBM Systems Director on system running AIX using the standard installation option. Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide for IBM i Provides detail instructions to install and configure each component of IBM Systems Director on system running IBM i using the Standard installation option. Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide for Linux on Power Systems Provides detail instructions to install and configure each component of IBM Systems Director on system running Linux for Power Systems using the Standard installation option. Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide for Linux on x86 Provides detail instructions to install and configure each component of IBM Systems Director on system running Linux for System x using the Standard installation option. Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide for Linux on System z Provides detail instructions to install and configure each component of IBM Systems Director on system running Linux for System z using the Standard installation option.

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IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide for Windows Provides detail instructions to install and configure each component of IBM Systems Director on system running Windows using the Standard installation option. Systems Management Guide Provides detailed instructions for using the Web interface and managing systems and resources in your environment. Troubleshooting Guide Provides information about problems and how to solve them, and strategies for troubleshooting common problems. Events Reference Provides information about IBM Systems Director events, including the event type, description, severity, and extended attributes. Commands Reference Provides detailed information about the systems management command-line interface (smcli) commands, and other commands that can be run directly from the command line, including configuring the database, and starting and stopping IBM Systems Director. Hardware Command Line Users Guide Provides information about installing and using the Hardware Command Line (formerly known as the IBM Management Processor Command-Line Interface). Command output in this release might vary from command output in previous releases.

White papers and briefs


v IBM Systems Director ftp://ftp.software.ibm.com/common/ssi/sa/wh/n/xbw03006usen/ XBW03006USEN.PDF This paper provides a detailed overview of the changes in IBM Systems Director V6.1, including the new Web interface, security features, operating system agents, integrated plug-ins and additional plug-ins that can be separately installed. v Value Proposition for IBM Systems Director ftp://ftp.software.ibm.com/common/ssi/sa/wh/n/xbw03007usen/ XBW03007USEN.PDF This paper describes the challenges of operational management for enterprise server installations and the value provided IBM Systems Director. v Managing IBM Power Servers with IBM Systems Director 6.1 www.ibm.com/common/ssi/fcgi-bin/ssialias?infotype=SA&subtype=WH &appname=STGE_PO_PO_USEN&htmlfid=POW03011USEN &attachment=POW03011USEN.PDF Provides information about managing the virtualization and consolidation on Power systems using IBM Systems Director. v IBM Systems Director 6.1 Migration Tips www.ibm.com/common/ssi/fcgi-bin/ssialias?infotype=SA&subtype=WH &appname=STGE_XB_XB_USEN_&htmlfid=XBW03009USEN &attachment=XBW03009USEN.PDF Provides information about migrating data when upgrading your environment from IBM Director V5.20 to IBM Systems Director V6.1.

About this publication

vii

IBM Redbooks publications


www.ibm.com/redbooks/ You can also search this Web page for documents that focus on IBM Systems Director and specific IBM hardware; such documents often contain systems-management material. Note: Be sure to note the date of publication and to determine the version of IBM Systems Director software to which the Redbooks publication refers.

Web resources
Listed here are the Web sites and information center topics that relate to IBM Systems Director.

Web sites
v IBM Systems Director www.ibm.com/systems/management/director/ View the IBM Systems Director Web site on ibm.com which provides links to downloads and documentation for all currently supported versions of IBM Systems Director. v IBM Systems Director Downloads www.ibm.com/systems/management/director/downloads/ View the IBM Systems Director Downloads Web site on ibm.com which provides links to download code IBM Systems Director, IBM Systems Director plug-ins, and IBM Systems Director upward integration modules. v IBM Systems Director Documentation and Resources www.ibm.com/systems/management/director/resources/ View the IBM Systems Director Documentation and Resources Web site on ibm.com which provides links to product documentation, redbooks, redpapers, white papers, and learning modules related to IBM Systems Director, IBM Systems Director plug-ins, and IBM Systems Director upward integration modules. v IBM Systems Director Upward Integration www.ibm.com/systems/management/director/upward/ View the IBM Systems Director Upward Integration Web site on ibm.com which provides more information about IBM Systems Director upward integration modules created by IBM and other companies. IBM Systems Director UIMs enable third-party workgroup and enterprise systems-management products to interpret and display data that is provided by IBM Systems Director Platform-Agent managed system. v IBM Servers www.ibm.com/servers/ View the IBM Servers Web site to learn about IBM Systems server and storage products. v IBM ServerProven www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/serverproven/compat/us/ View the IBM ServerProven Web site to learn about hardware compatibility of IBM System x and BladeCenter systems with IBM applications and middleware, including IBM Systems Director.

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Forums
v IBM Systems Director www.ibm.com/developerworks/forums/forum.jspa?forumID=759 View the IBM Systems Director forum Web site on ibm.com to discuss product-related issues pertaining to IBM Systems Director, IBM Systems Director UIMs, and IBM Systems Director extensions. This Web site includes a link for obtaining the forum using a Rich Site Summary (RSS) feed. v IBM Systems Director SDK www.ibm.com/developerworks/forums/dw_esforums.jspa View the IBM Systems Director SDK forum Web site to discuss issues pertaining to the IBM Systems Director Software Development Kit (SDK). This Web site includes a link for obtaining the forum using a Rich Site Summary (RSS) feed. v IBM Systems www.ibm.com/developerworks/forums/dw_esforums.jsp View the IBM Systems forums Web site on ibm.com to learn about various forums that are available to discuss technology-related and product-related issues pertaining to IBM Systems hardware and software products. This Web site includes a link for obtaining the forum using a Rich Site Summary (RSS) feed.

How to send your comments


Your feedback is important in helping to provide the most accurate and highest quality information. If you have any comments about this book or any other IBM Systems Director publication, v Go to the IBM Systems Director information center Web site at publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/systems/topic/director_6.1/fqm0_main.html. There you will find the feedback page where you can enter and submit comments. v Complete one of the forms at the back of any IBM Systems Director book and return it by mail, by fax, or by giving it to an IBM representative.

About this publication

ix

IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

Checklist: Installing IBM Systems Director Server on Linux on x86


Use this checklist to guide you through the installation process. 1 Evaluate your hardware and system configuration. __ 1. Check the hardware requirements (17). __ 2. Check the network requirements (22). __ 3. Check the security requirements (31). __ 4. Check the supported operating systems (31). __ 5. Check the supported database applications (35). Plan your installation of IBM Systems Director Server. __ 1. Review the environment you will manage (43). __ 2. Review the licensing requirements (47). __ 3. Choose installation options for IBM Systems Director Server (48). __ 4. Choose where you will install IBM Systems Director Server (49). __ 5. Choose a database application to use with IBM Systems Director Server (50). 3 __ 6. Plan users, groups, and security options for IBM Systems Director Server (60). Prepare the management server. __ 1. Prepare the database application (71). __ 2. Prepare firewalls and proxies on the management server (79). __ 3. Prepare the management server (80). 4 Install IBM Systems Director Server. __ 1. Install IBM Systems Director Server (86). __ 2. Configure the database application (90).

Log on and configure IBM Systems Director Server. __ 1. Log in to IBM Systems Director Server (95). __ 2. Perform some initial configuration of IBM Systems Director Server (91).

Copyright IBM Corp. 1999, 2008

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IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

Checklist: Installing agents on Linux on x86


Use this checklist to guide you through the installation process. 1 Evaluate your hardware and system configuration. __ 1. Check the hardware requirements (18). __ 2. Check the network requirements (22). __ 3. Check the supported operating systems (31). __ 4. Check the supported virtualization software (34). Determine what agents you need to install. __ 1. Review the task support for different management levels (37). __ 2. Determine the management level you need for your managed systems (52). __ 3. If you have virtual systems, determine what agents are needed for the virtual systems (54). __ 4. Check the version compatibility of the agents you want to install (46). Prepare your managed systems. __ 1. Prepare all managed systems for discovery and management by IBM Systems Director (97). __ 2. Prepare systems for Platform Agent (107). __ 3. Prepare systems for Common Agent (109). Discover the managed systems. __ 1. Discover the managed systems on which you will install agents (102). __ 2. Request access to the managed systems (104).

Install the agents. __ 1. Use the Agent Installation Wizard to deploy agent packages to your managed systems (111). __ 2. Install the LSI MegaRAID provider (114). __ 3. Install virtualization manager subagents (116).

Copyright IBM Corp. 1999, 2008

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IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

Chapter 1. IBM Systems Director technical overview


IBM Systems Director is a platform-management foundation that streamlines the way you manage physical and virtual systems across a heterogeneous environment. By using industry standards, IBM Systems Director supports multiple operating systems and virtualization technologies across IBM and non-IBM x86 platforms. Through a single user interface, IBM Systems Director provides consistent views for viewing managed systems, determining how these systems relate to one another, and identifying their statuses, thus helping to correlate technical resources with business needs. A set of common tasks included with IBM Systems Director provides many of the core capabilities required for basic management, which means instant out-of-the-box business value. These common tasks include discovery, inventory, configuration, system health, monitoring, updates, event notification and automation across managed systems. IBM Systems Directors Web and command-line interfaces provide a consistent interface focused on driving these common tasks and capabilities: v Discovering, navigating and visualizing systems on the network with the detailed inventory and relationships to the other network resources v Notifying users of problems that occur on system and ability to drill down to the source of the problem v Notifying users when systems need updates and distributing and installing updates on a schedule v Analyzing real-time data for systems and setting critical thresholds that notify the administrator of emerging problems v Configuring settings of a single system and creating a configuration plan that can apply those settings to multiple systems v Updating installed plug-ins to add new features and function to the base capabilities v Managing the lifecycle of virtual resources IBM Systems Director is designed to manage simple and complex environments, with multiple operating systems and platforms, up to 5 000 managed systems. It supports the management of a variety of IBM and non-IBM hardware driving common tasks through the following platform management plug-ins and virtual resources. The systems supported include: v IBM Power systems management HMC, IVM, and VIOS appliances Power servers, Power blades, and LS41 and QS21 blade servers AIX, IBM i, and Linux on POWER operating systems v IBM BladeCenter and System x management IBM BladeCenter chassis components, such as switch modules and server blades System x systems and blade servers VMWare, Microsoft Virtual Server (MSVS), and Xen virtual servers Windows and Linux operating systems on System x v IBM System z management z/VM hypervisor Linux on System z operating system installed on z/VM virtual servers
Copyright IBM Corp. 1999, 2008

Linux on System z running on a partition without z/VM v IBM System Storage management Integrated RIA controller (such as LSI) Network storage, such as DS3000, DS4000, and DS6000 Storage switches, such as IBM BladeCenter SAS, Brocade, Qlogic, Nortel and Cisco IBM Systems Director integrates with robust workgroup and enterprise management software from IBM (such as Tivoli software), Computer Associates, Hewlett-Packard, Microsoft, NetIQ, and BMC Software.

IBM Systems Director components


IBM Systems Director includes IBM Systems Director Server and two operating-system agents: Common Agent and Platform Agent. IBM Systems Director Server provides a central point of control for aggregating and managing discovered systems based on a service-oriented architecture. It can be installed on one or more systems, called management servers. Systems that connect to the IBM Systems Director Web interface on the management server through a Web browser are called browser systems. The operating-system agents serve as the control point for accessing operating system and host information that might not be accessible through an out-of-band interface (such as remote supervisor adapter (RSA), Baseboard Management Control (BMC), and BladeCenter Management Module). These agents run on operating-system-based and hardware-based endpoints, called systems, that can be discovered and managed by IBM Systems Director. The level of system management depends on the agent that is installed on the system: Common Agent or Platform Agent. Each agent provides a different footprint size, level of performance, and set of management functions. IBM Systems Director can discover and manage some systems on which neither of these operating-system agents is installed, but the level of management is limited. This figure shows where the IBM Systems Director Server and operating-system agents are installed in a basic IBM Systems Director environment.

IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

Management server

IBM Systems Director Server installed Includes: - IBM Systems Director Server - IBM Systems Director Web interface - Command-line Interface - Common Agent

HTTPS

TCP/IP

Various protocols

Browser system - no IBM Systems Director Ccode installed

SNMP devices Agentless managed systems - no IBM Systems Director Ccode installed Agentless managed systems - no IBM Systems Director Ccode installed Cco

Platform managed systems - Platform Agent installed on each

Common managed systems - Common Agent installed on each


FQM0501-0

Figure 1. Software in an IBM Systems Director environment

Management server
The management server is a system that has IBM Systems Director Server installed. It provides a central point of control for aggregating and managing discovered systems based on a service-oriented architecture. IBM Systems Director Server stores data about discovered systems, their attributes, and their relationships to other resources in a relational database. You can access information that is stored in this database even when the managed systems are not available. IBM Systems Director Server includes a default database, Apache Derby, although you can choose to use any supported database (including the high-performance DB2 database). IBM Systems Director Server includes two interfaces that the system administrator can use to manage their environment: a Web user interface and a command-line interface. The system that you use to interact with these interfaces is called the browser system.
Chapter 1. IBM Systems Director technical overview

Tip: When you install IBM Systems Director Server, the Common Agent is installed automatically on that system. The Common Agent provides a rich set of security, deployment, and management function.

Common Agent
Common Agent provides a rich set of security, deployment, and management function. Common Agent is available for all IBM Power Systems, IBM System x, IBM BladeCenter, IBM System z systems, and some non-IBM systems, when the system is running a supported operating system. Notes: v Systems running AIX or IBM i require the Common Agent to be installed. These systems cannot be managed with Platform Agent. v For a detailed list of operating systems that are supported for Common Agent, see the Planning information. Common Agent replaces Level 2: IBM Director Agent version 5.20. IBM Systems Director supports systems running Level 2: Common Agent and IBM Director Agent version 5.20. Common Agent has a single run-time that can be shared by IBM Systems Director and Tivoli products, such as Tivoli Provisioning Manager, to reduce the agent footprint, support shared credentials, and drive common services. It is also supported by other management products that use the IBM Tivoli Common Agent Services management infrastructure version 1.4.1 or later. The function available for Common-Agent managed systems varies based on operating system and hardware, and includes: Discover systems Collect comprehensive platform and operating system inventory data Monitor health and status Manage alerts Remotely deploy and install Common Agent Perform remote access, including transferring files Perform power management function Additional event support Monitor processes and resources, and set critical thresholds send notifications when triggered v Manage operating system resources and processes v Manage updates v v v v v v v v v Additionally, using Common Agent instead of Platform Agent provides enhanced scalability through asynchronous system management, reducing the demands on IBM Systems Director Server. Firewall management is simplified, too, because the Common Agent requires you to keep fewer ports open. For a detailed list of function that is supported by Common-Agent managed systems, see the Planning information. Note: Throughout the IBM Systems Director documentation, the term Common Agent (with both words capitalized) refers to the IBM Systems Director Common

IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

Agent, which includes subagents that provide specific management capabilities for IBM Systems Director. IBM Systems Director can also discover and perform limited management on other common agents that use the common agent services architecture and are distributed by other management products such as Tivoli Provisioning Manager. When referring to these common agents generically, lowercase text is used.

Platform Agent
Platform Agent is well suited for environments that require a smaller footprint without sacrificing a high level of manageability. It provides a subset of Common Agent function used to communicate with and administer the managed systems, including hardware alerts and status information. Platform Agent is available for all IBM Power, System x and IBM BladeCenter, and System z, IBM System Storage systems, and some non-IBM systems. For IBM i, Platform Agent is part of the Universal Manageability Enablement (UME) in the base operating system. Platform Agent is equivalent to Level 1: IBM Director Core Services version 5.20.3. IBM Systems Director supports systems running IBM Director Core Services version 5.20.3. Note: The versioning for Platform Agent might not match the versioning of IBM Systems Director. The function available for Platform-Agent managed systems is limited to the following tasks, and varies based on operating system and hardware. v Discover systems v Collect limited platform inventory data v Monitor health and status v Manage alerts v Remotely deploy and install Common Agent v Perform limited remote access v Perform limited restart capabilities For a detailed list of function that is supported by Platform-Agent managed systems, see the Planning information in the information center at.

Agentless-managed systems
IBM Systems Director provides a set of manageability functions for managed systems that do not have Common Agent or Platform Agent installed. These Agentless-managed systems are best for environments that require very small footprints and are used for specific tasks, such as one-time inventory collection, firmware and driver updates and remote deployment. Agentless-managed systems must support the Secure Shell (SSH) or Distributed Component Object Model (DCOM) protocol, or the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) interface. IBM Systems Director discovers Agentless-managed systems by verifying the IP addresses on your network and scanning the ports of those addresses using the SSH or DCOM protocols. By default, IBM Systems

Chapter 1. IBM Systems Director technical overview

Director uses the range of addresses that are in the IP domain of the management server. You can discover a specific IP address or range of IP addresses using the IBM Systems Director Web interface. When an Agentless-managed system is discovered, it is locked by default. You can unlock the system by requesting access to it through IBM Systems Director. Agentless-managed systems are well suited for one-time collection of inventory, and can be used for updating firmware and drivers, and remotely deploying and running it via SSH or DCOM services. Note: No persistent data is stored on Agentless-managed system. The function available to Agentless-managed systems is limited to the following tasks, and varies based on operating system and hardware. v v v v v Discover systems Collect limited operating-system inventory data Remotely deploy and install Common Agent and Platform Agent. Perform limited remote access Perform limited restart capabilities

For a detailed list of function that is supported by Agentless-managed systems, see the Planning information in the information center at.

Manageable resource types


A resource is a generic term for anything that IBM Systems Director can manage. For example, systems, slots, cards, groups, and updates are all resources. From the Web interface, you can use the Find a Resource task to find resources and use the Navigate Resources task to view and work with these resources.

Manageable systems
A system is one type of resource that IBM Systems Director manages. It is an operating-system-based or hardware-based endpoint that has an IP address and host name and can be discovered and managed by IBM Systems Director. From the Navigate Resource page in Web interface, you can view the All Systems group to work with all discovered systems. Operating-system-based systems (referred to as operating systems) consist of the operating system image, agent, drivers, applications, and configuration settings. From the Navigate Resource page in Web interface, you can view the All Operating Systems group to work with these types of systems. Hardware-based systems are the physical and virtual systems, such as servers, virtual servers, storage systems, and network devices. Physical systems can host multiple operating systems and virtual servers, either by using a dual-boot feature or by way of a hypervisor. From the Navigate Resource page in Web interface, you can use the All Systems or Virtualization Systems groups to work with the physical aspects of a system, determine how many virtual servers a physical system contains, and determine how many operating systems are running on a physical system. You can also use the topology map to view the relationship between systems. To view the topology map view for a system, click Actions > Topology Perspectives. A submenu of applicable perspectives is displayed.

IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

To view resources associated with a system, click Actions > Related Resources. A submenu of applicable related resources is displayed. IBM Systems Director manages these types of systems: v Blade administrative server v Boot server v Cluster v Fabric v Farm v Hardware Management Console v Management controller v Operating system v Print server v SAN v Server v Storage system v Switch v System chassis Virtualization allows you to hide the physical characteristics of your servers to consolidate servers, optimize resource usage, and improve IT flexibility and responsiveness. Using virtualization, you can create multiple discoverable virtual servers from a single physical server or create a single discoverable virtual server from multiple physical servers. Each virtual server has an independent operating environment and can have functions or features that are not available in its underlying physical resources. Tip: Virtual servers running on IBM systems are often referred to as logical partitions or virtual machines. After IBM Systems Director discovers a physical server, it continues the discovery process to find all associated virtual servers. Each IBM system offers virtualization technologies to help you consolidate systems, optimize resource utilization, and improve IT flexibility and responsiveness.

User interfaces
There are several methods for managing an IBM Systems Director environment: a Web interface and a command-line interface (smcli).

Web interface
You can use the IBM Systems Director Web interface to conduct comprehensive systems management through a graphical user interface. Data is securely transferred between the Web browser and Web interface through HTTPS. The system on which you logged into the IBM Systems Director Web interface is referred to as the browser system. You log in to the IBM Systems Director through a supported Web browser using this URL:
http://System_Name:Port_Number/ibm/console

where System_Name is the name of the system on which IBM Systems Director Server is installed and Port_Number is the first (lower) of two consecutive port numbers that you specified for the Web server to use. The default ports for the Web server are 8421 and 8422. If you use port 8422, make sure that you specify https to indicate a secure port.
Chapter 1. IBM Systems Director technical overview

IBM Systems Director provide some tasks that start outside of the IBM Systems Director Web interface. These tasks are launched tasks and are identified on menus by the Launched tasks icon .

When you select a launched task, the task can be displayed in one of the following ways: v In another instance of your Web browser. The task provides its own Web interface. v As a separate program on your system desktop. v The IBM Systems Director Launched Tasks program is displayed and opens the task that you selected. IBM Systems Director provides some tasks that still require a client-based application. This application is called the IBM Systems Director Launched Tasks program. The IBM Systems Director Launched Tasks program can open the following tasks: v Event Action Editor (used to create advanced event actions) v Event Filter Builder (used to create advanced event filters) v File Transfer v Command Automation (formerly called Process Management - Tasks) v Remote Session v SNMP Browser v MIB Management Note: The IBM Systems Director Launched Tasks program is installed automatically the first time you use a task that requires it. Because the IBM Systems Director Launched Tasks program opens outside of the IBM Systems Director Web interface, Java Web Start (JWS) is also provided for installation. For more information, see Downloading Java Web Start.

Command-line interfaces
You can use the systems management command-line interface interactively using the smcli utilities. This command-line interface (CLI) is an important primary interface into IBM Systems Director and can be used either as an efficient way to accomplish simple tasks directly or as a scriptable framework for automating functions that are not easily accomplished from a graphical user interface. For security reasons, the CLI runs only on the management server. The command-line interface follows the GN/POSIX conventions. Tips: v The IBM Systems Director smcli supports most commands that were available in previous releases through the discontinued dircli utility. v For security, the CLI runs only on the management server. You can run the CLI remotely using a remote-access utility, such as secure shell (SSH) or Telnet.

Base function and extensible plug-ins


Base plug-ins in IBM Systems Director provide core function to manage the full lifecycle of IBM servers, storage, network, and virtual servers. Plug-ins that provide advanced function or function tailored to a particular environment can be downloaded and installed on top of IBM Systems Director.

IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

Basic user interface, security, and agent management functions include: v Finding and viewing resources and resource information, including relationships and properties v Organizing logical sets of resources into groups v Starting, stopping, and scheduling tasks v Integrating third-party management software and other programs into the IBM Systems Director Web interface v Managing auditing v Encrypting interprocess communication v Managing Common Agent registration and authentication v Authenticating users through a configured user registry available from the operating system, Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP), or domain controller v Creating roles and authorizing users and user groups to access certain systems, groups, and tasks v Managing credentials to support single sign-on authentication, even when services span different systems v Installing agents on new systems, upgrading from IBM Director Agent version 5.20 or IBM Director Core Services version 5.20 to a current agent on existing systems, and promote an Agentless-managed system or Platform-Agent managed system to a Common-Agent managed system.

Discovery manager
Discovery manager performs physical and virtual system discovery and inventory of related resources on the network.. You can use the discovery manager plug-in to: v Discover systems such as physical and virtual servers, storage systems, and network devices) in a heterogeneous environment. This includes simple discovery using a single IP address or host name or a range of IP addresses. You can also use a discovery profile to discover one or more systems of different types and protocols. v Collect inventory data about hardware and software that is currently installed on systems. Inventory data is information about physical, logical, and virtual hardware (such as virtual systems, virtual servers, and farms), software applications, operating systems, middleware, firmware and BIOS, diagnostics, and network. v Manage inventory profiles that you can use to discover a group of resources or collect inventory data based on a set of criteria. v View systems, inventory data, and relationships among systems in the network using the Resource Navigator v Pass security credentials to one or more systems to gain access to that agents

Status manager
Status manager provides an at-a-glance view of the health of your managed resources (including systems, operating systems, applications, and security) and processes. The status of discovered systems is automatically retrieved and displayed, and this display can be customized in several waysusing one of the system health and

Chapter 1. IBM Systems Director technical overview

status-related tasks, navigating to a specific resource, or using the new capabilities integrated into the command line interface. You can use the status manager plug-in to: v Use the Status Manager Summary page to view the status of discovered systems and a summary of tasks that will help you manage the status, problems and events for systems. v Determine the health, compliance, and performance of managed systems in your environment using the health summary, scoreboard, and dashboard. The health summary shows the overall health of your managed systems. The scoreboard summarizes the hardware state, event state and compliance state for all managed systems. The dashboard shows performance metrics for specific managed systems. v View the event log. v Identify problems and find the root cause by viewing problems and the event log. v Subscribe to events on the ones deemed important. You can also identify events to be cleared automatically. v Monitor dynamic properties of resources by defining monitors and thresholds and generating a notification when a threshold has been reached. v Monitor processes and device services on a specific system by defining monitors and thresholds and generating a notification when a threshold has been reached. v Monitor system information in various formats. v Drill down into the root cause of problems.

Configuration manager
Configuration manager is used to integrate new hardware into your environment, configure systems after installation, or do one-off configurations for problem resolution. Configuration manager leverages a set of well defined templates that can be applied to servers, storage, and network resources even if the resources are comprised of very different technologies. You can use the configuration manager plug-in to: v Use the Configuration Manager Summary page to view system configuration status and a summary of tasks that will help you configure your systems. v Initially configure one or more systems (hardware and operating systems) to a point where they can be deployed, allocated, and powered on. v Automatically configure newly discovered systems using the automatic-deploy capability of a configuration plan. v Reconfigure systems to prepare for redeployment, reallocation, or re-provisioning (for example, as a result of an event or as part of a workflow that the configuration needs to be support). v Manage configuration templates and plans. A configuration template is a collection of settings and values that define the configuration of a system. A configuration plan is a set of templates that can be applied to one or more systems in a specific order.

Automation manager
Automation manager provides tools to notify an administrator or run a predefined tasks automatically when a certain event occurs.

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IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

You can use the automation manager plug-in to: v Use the Automation Manager Summary page to view the status of jobs and automation plans and a summary of tasks that will help you automate tasks. v Create custom event-automation plans used to automate tasks and other responses to situations that occur in your environment. v Create and manage event filters that allow the event automation plans to target specific events. v Create and manage event actions that identify tasks or commands to run or notifications to send. The types of actions include starting a noninteractive task or program on the management server or the system on which the event was generated or sending an email notifications over the Internet or to a mobile phone.

Update manager
Update manager provides tools for maintaining current versions of operating systems, device drivers, firmware and BIOS, and IBM Systems Director agent and server code on managed systems without an upgrade or migration of the installed product. You can use the update manager plug-in to: v Use the Update Manager Summary page to view update status and a summary of tasks that will help you manage updates on your systems. v View update history and status of targeted systems. v Identify updates available for your systems. v Create customized update groups for your companys certified list of updates. v Detect and view out-of-date systems. v Get a notification when systems are in need of updates and which updates are needed. v Download, distribute and install available and requisite updates tin a single request without repackaging or performing each step in the process separately. v Download and review update information, such as prerequisites, readmes, Release Notes, content letters, and associated collateral.

Remote access manager


Remote access manager provides tools that support running and monitoring applications and services running on remote systems. You can use the remote access manager plug-in to: v View and interact with applications on a system remotely by displaying the screen image of the system using remote control tools, including Virtual Network Computing (VNC), Remote Desktop (RDP), and web-based remote control for IBM BladeCenter and RSA. v Run command-line programs through a remote session. The remote session creates less network traffic and uses fewer system resources than the remote control applications and, therefore, is useful in low-bandwidth situations. v Run hardware management commands from the hardware command line, which connects to the service processor of the target system. v Transfer files from one location to another and synchronizing files, directories, or drives using a secure alternative to FTP.

Chapter 1. IBM Systems Director technical overview

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Virtualization manager
Virtualization manager provides tools for managing the lifecycle of virtual resources. Virtualization manager now includes support for virtualized environments managed by wholly different server virtualization environments. These include Hardware Management Console (HMC), Integrated Virtualization Manager (IVM), Microsoft Virtual Server, VMware and Xen virtualization. Some additional basic discovery and health management is supported for z/VM virtualization. As a result of this cross-solution management consolidation, you can visualize and control both the physical and virtual resources from a single user interface. You can use the virtualization manager plug-in to: v Work with virtualized environments and tools, including Hardware Management Console (HMC), Integrated Virtualization Manager (IVM), Microsoft Virtual Server, VMware, and Xen virtualization v Viewing topology that shows the connections between physical and virtual resources, which can vary dynamically across time v Tracking alerts and system status for virtual resources and their resources to easily diagnose problems affecting virtual resources v Creating automation plans based on events and actions from virtual and physical resources, such as relocating a virtual server based on critical hardware alerts v Create, delete and manage virtual servers and virtual farms for several virtualization technologies in the industry v Relocate virtual servers to alternate physical hosts

IBM BladeCenter and System x management


IBM BladeCenter and System x management provides lifecycle management of your modular System x and IBM BladeCenter systems and related resources, including discovery, health and status monitoring, configuration, updates, and virtualization. It also provides platform-specific functions. You can use the IBM BladeCenter and System x management plug-in to: v Change power settings v Manage hardware logs v Identify hardware using the locator LED v Turn off light-path diagnostic LEDs

IBM System z management


IBM System z management provides the capability to discover System z hosted virtual servers, and to access status information about them. This plug-in provides functions to discover, monitor status, configure, and update these virtual servers. It also generates information used in the Welcome panel summary view and includes support for Linux on System z and z/VM systems running on IBM System z mainframes.

IBM Power systems management


IBM Power systems management provides lifecycle management of your IBM Power systems, and platform managers such as Hardware Management Console (HMC) and Integrated Virtualization Manager (IVM) platform managers, including

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IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

discovery, health and status monitoring, configuration, updates, and virtualization. It also provides platform-specific functions. You can use the IBM Power systems management plug-in to: v Manage the following Power System environments that might include POWER5 and POWER6 processor-based servers running AIX, IBM i, or Linux: Power Systems managed by the Hardware Management Console Power Systems managed by the Integrated Virtualization Manager A Power Systems server with a single image (a nonpartitioned configuration) A Power Architecture BladeCenter server under the control of a BladeCenter management module v Perform management tasks on systems that are under the control of HMC and IVM, including managing power, creating virtual serves, editing virtual server resources, and relocating virtual servers between host systems. v Perform management tasks that are available from the IBM Systems Director Web interface for AIX 6.1 and IBM i 5.4 and 6.1. For additional information about managing the virtualization and consolidation on Power systems using IBM Systems Director, see the Managing IBM Power Servers with IBM Systems Director 6.1 white paper on the Web at: www.ibm.com/ common/ssi/fcgi-bin/ssialias?infotype=SA&subtype=WH &appname=STGE_PO_PO_USEN&htmlfid=POW03011USEN &attachment=POW03011USEN.PDF

IBM System Storage management


IBM System Storage management provides lifecycle management of your physical and virtual storage systems, including discovery, health and status monitoring, configuration, updates, and virtualization. It also provides platform-specific functions. You can use the IBM System Storage management plug-in to: v Add storage systems to IBM Systems Director using a proxy provider v Configure storage systems v Manage storage devices v Update a SAN configuration profile v Launch storage management applications v Use integrated SCM features to manage integrated RAID Controllers, BladeCenter SAS modules, and BC-S RAID SAS modules v Use embedded management interfaces for DS3000, DS4000, and DS6000, and TotalStorage Productivity Center (TPC) to manage SAN Volume Controller (SVC), DS8000 and ESS storage devices v Support for automation plans based on events and event actions from storage resources v Support for IBM System Storage Area Network products

Additional IBM Systems Director plug-ins


Additional IBM Systems Director plug-ins can be downloaded and installed on top of IBM Systems Director to provide advanced function or function tailored to a particular environment. For a complete list of available plug-ins and for information about how to download and install the plug-ins, see the IBM Systems Director Web site at www.ibm.com/systems/management/director/plugins/.

Chapter 1. IBM Systems Director technical overview

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Active Energy Manager plug-in


The Active Energy Manager plug-in helps you to manage, monitor and collect energy-consumption data from IBM systems including IBM BladeCenter chassis and rack-mounted System x servers. You can use Active Energy Manager to: v Allocate less power and cooling infrastructure to your IBM servers. v Lower power usage on select IBM servers. v Plan for the future by viewing trends of power usage over time. v Determine power usage for all components of a rack. Active Energy Manager is a for-fee licensed plug-in that supports Windows, Linux for x86, and Linux for Power platforms.

BladeCenter Open Fabric Manager plug-in


The BladeCenter Open Fabric Manager plug-in helps you to quickly replace and recover blades in your environment. You can use this plug-in to: v Pre-assign MAC and WWN addresses, as well as storage boot targets for up to 100 chassis or 1400 blade servers. v Create addresses for blade servers, save the addresses to a configuration file, and deploy the addresses to the blade slots in the same chassis or in up to 100 different chassis without any blade servers installed in the chassis. v Automatically replace a failed blade from a designated pool of spare blades. BladeCenter Open Fabric Manager is a free plug-in that supports all platforms that IBM Systems Director supports.

Service and Support Manager plug-in


The Service and Support Manager plug-in, which includes the Electronic Service Agent tool, identifies and reports hardware problems and service information automatically to IBM for service and support. All information sent to IBM is stored in a secure IBM database and used for improved problem determination. You can use the Service and Support Manager to: v Place service calls to IBM automatically if the system is under a service agreement or warranty. v Collect and send scheduled system inventory and diagnostic inventory to an IBM database. This inventory information is available to IBM support representatives when they are solving your problem. v Communicate with IBM using a secure Internet connection using encryption and authentication. Service and Support Manager is a free plug-in that supports Windows and Linux for x86 platforms.

Upward integration
IBM Systems Director lets you to make the most of your existing enterprise management structure by upwardly integrating with many workgroup and enterprise-management products. IBM Systems Director upward integration modules (UIMs) and management packs enable non-IBM workgroup and enterprise-management products to interpret and

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IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

display data that is provided by Common Agent and Platform Agent. IBM Systems Director UIMs and management packs provide enhancements to the enterprise-management products that you can use to collect inventory data, view IBM Systems Director event notifications, and for some UIMs, distribute IBM Systems Director software packages. With the IBM Systems Director UIMs and management packs, you can use your enterprise-management software to manage systems that have Platform Agent or Common Agent software installed on them. You can use Platform Agent software to: v Gather detailed inventory information about your systems, including operating system, memory, network adapters, and hardware. v Track your systems with features such as power management, event log, and system monitor capabilities. Platform Agent uses some of the latest systems-management standards, including Common Information Model (CIM), Web-Based Enterprise Management (WEBM) and Extensible Markup Language (XML), to provide compatibility with your existing enterprise-management software. For more information about upward integration modules, see IBM Systems Director Upward Integration Modules in the IBM Systems information center on the Web at publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/systems/topic/uims_6.10/ fqs0_main.html. You can also configure IBM Systems Director Server to forward alerts (such as SNMP) to higher-level enterprise managers, including CA Unicenter NSM, HP OpenView NNM, HP OpenView Operations for Windows, Tivoli Netview, Tivoli Management Framework, Microsoft Systems Center Operations Manager, and Microsoft Systems Management Server.

Chapter 1. IBM Systems Director technical overview

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IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

Chapter 2. Planning for IBM Systems Director


Before installing or updating IBM Systems Director, review the installation requirements and plan your installation.

Hardware and software requirements


IBM Systems Director has specific requirements for hardware and software. These requirements comprise the specified operating environment for IBM Systems Director. IBM Systems Director provides support for a wide range of hardware products, operating systems, and database applications.

Hardware requirements for IBM Systems Director


To successfully install IBM Systems Director, the system on which you install IBM Systems Director components must meet certain hardware requirements, depending on the components to be installed and the type of system on which they will be installed.

Hardware requirements for running IBM Systems Director Server


IBM Systems Director Server has certain hardware requirements. These requirements can vary depending on the size of your IBM Systems Director systems-management environment. Recommended hardware requirements for IBM Systems Director Server running on Linux on x86-compatible systems: IBM Systems Director Server has certain hardware requirements to run on x86-compatible systems running Linux. The following recommendations are for three types of IBM Systems Director systems-management environments: Small configuration A systems-management environment that includes less than 500 Common-Agent managed systems. The database software is Apache Derby. Medium configuration A systems-management environment that includes between 500 and 1000 Common-Agent managed systems. The database software is IBM DB2. Large configuration A systems-management environment that includes between 1000 and 5000 Common-Agent managed systems. The database software is IBM DB2. When reviewing these recommendations, consider the following information: v Installation and startup times improve with faster disk access times. SCSI adapters and 10 K RPM drives provide the best performance. v Disk sizes are arbitrary and indicative of disk requirements. v System performance depends on the nature of your requirements and system workload. v The IBM DB2 database software sizing should be comparable for Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server. The sizing presumes that DB2 is running on the same server as IBM Systems Director Server.
Copyright IBM Corp. 1999, 2008

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The following recommendations are based on a 32bit version of SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 for x86. The recommendations are comparable for Red Hat Enterprise Linux on x86-compatible systems.
Table 1. IBM Systems Director Server recommended hardware requirements for different-sized Linux environments Recommended hardware requirements Configuration Small Medium Large
1

Processor 1 processor, 3 GHz Intel Xeon 1 2 processors, 3 GHz Intel Xeon 1 4 processors, 3 GHz Intel Xeon 1

Memory 1 GB 2 GB 4 GB

Disk storage 4 GB 6 GB 8 GB

The processor (CPU) sizing is based on the Intel Xeon processor, but is comparable for equivalent Intel and AMD processors. Attention: If you use DVD media to install IBM Systems Director Server, ensure that you allot an additional 1.2 GB of available space on the system to contain the agent packages that are copied from the DVD at the end of the server installation. The packages are copied to /opt/ibm/director/packaging/agent on the server.

Hardware requirements for systems running Common Agent or Platform Agent


Common Agent and Platform Agent have minimum processor speed, random access memory (RAM), and disk space requirements. Note: The disk space listed is the minimum requirement for an installation using the default selections.

x86-compatible systems
Notes: v The systems on which you install Common Agent must meet the Wired for Management (WfM), version 2.0, specifications. v System Management BIOS (SMBIOS) 2.1 or later is required for all systems in an IBM Systems Director environment.
Table 2. x86-compatible systems: Minimum hardware requirements Requirements Processor speed Memory (RAM) Disk space Platform Agent Pentium 1.5 Ghz or equivalent 512 MB 40 MB (for Windows) 100 MB (for Linux) Common Agent Pentium 1.5 Ghz or equivalent 512 MB 110 MB (for Windows) 170 MB (for Linux)

Supported IBM systems and products


IBM Systems Director is licensed for use and supported in a large range of IBM systems and products. These systems and products include: v IBM BladeCenter chassis

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IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

v v v v v

IBM blade servers IBM Power systems (formerly System i and System p systems) IBM System Storage Network Attached Storage (NAS) products System x servers System z systems

To determine whether a system meets the recommended hardware requirements for your IBM Systems Director systems-management environment, see Hardware requirements. Notes: 1. The degree of support that IBM Systems Director provides on these systems and products might vary. For this information, see the IBM Systems Director Release Notes. 2. IBM Systems Director runs on IBM Power and System z systems when the installed operating system is also supported by IBM Systems Director. 3. The IBM System Storage NAS products include an installation of Common Agent. 4. Some systems and products might not be available in your area. Related reference Hardware requirements for IBM Systems Director on page 17 Supported operating systems on page 31

IBM BladeCenter products


IBM Systems Director provides support for IBM BladeCenter chassis and blade servers. v IBM BladeCenter E chassis, machine type 8677 v IBM BladeCenter H chassis, machine type 8852 v IBM BladeCenter HT chassis, machine type 8740 v IBM BladeCenter HT chassis, machine type 8750 v IBM BladeCenter S chassis, machine type 8886 v IBM BladeCenter T chassis, machine type 8720 v IBM BladeCenter T chassis, machine type 8730 v HC10 blade server, machine type 7996 v HC10 blade server, machine type 7997 v HS12 blade server, machine type 8014 v HS12 blade server, machine type 8028 v HS20 blade server, machine type 7981 v HS20 blade server, machine type 8678 v v v v v v v v v HS20 blade server, machine type 8832 HS20 blade server, machine type 8843 HS21 blade server, machine type 7983 HS21 XM blade server, machine type 7995 HS21 blade server, machine type 8853 HS40 blade server, machine type 8839 JS12 blade server, machine type 7998 JS20 blade server, machine type 8842 JS21 blade server, machine type 7988
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v v v v v v v

JS21 blade server, machine type 8844 JS22 blade server, machine type 7998 LS20 blade server, machine type 8850 LS21 blade server, machine type 7971 LS41 blade server, machine type 7972 QS21 blade server, machine type 0792 QS22 blade server, machine type 0793

Supported storage devices


IBM Systems Director manages a wide variety of storage devices. Supported storage devices are: disks, switches, internal RAID controllers, and RAID subsystems.

Supported devices and actions


Note that a storage volume is similar to a logical volume. This is a list of supported storage devices, subsystems, storage modules, and their access devices: v Dedicate Local Storage, access with Integrated RAID Controllers (IRC) Basic RAID Controller v IBM BladeCenter integrated storage, accessed with IBM BladeCenter S SAS RAID Controller Modules, supported only on Windows 2003 and Linux on System x systems. v Network Storage, which is an external SAN storage system. Network storage is accessed with storage switches, adapters, and protocols such as Fibre Channel, SAS, or iSCSI IBM System Storage DS4000 IBM System Storage DS6000 IBM System Storage DS3200, DS3300, DS3400 v Storage switches Brocade 2Gbit/sec and 4Gbit/sec Fibre Channel (chassis and external) Qlogic 2Gbit/sec and 4Gbit/sec Fibre Channel (chassis and external) IBM eServer BladeCenter 2-Port Fibre Channel Switch Module IBM BladeCenter SAS Connectivity Module IBM BladeCenter S SAS RAID Controller Module
Table 3. Storage management tasks and supported devices Fibre Channel Switches (2 IBM System Storage DS Gbit/sec and 4 Gbit/sec) 3 2 Brocade and 0 Qlogic 0 Yes Yes Yes Yes 3 3 0 0 Yes Yes 3 4 0 0 Yes Yes 4 0 0 0 Yes Yes 6 0 0 0 Yes Yes

LSI SAS controllers

IBM BladeCenter SAS Modules

Task Discovery Inventory collection

1064 1064e 1068 Yes Yes

1078 1078 Internal Mega RAID RAID Yes Yes Yes Yes

RAID Connectivity controller module module Yes Yes Yes Yes

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IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

Table 3. Storage management tasks and supported devices (continued) Fibre Channel Switches (2 IBM System Storage DS Gbit/sec and 4 Gbit/sec) 3 2 Brocade and 0 Qlogic 0 Yes Yes 3 3 0 0 Yes 3 4 0 0 Yes 4 0 0 0 Yes 6 0 0 0 Yes

LSI SAS controllers

IBM BladeCenter SAS Modules

Task Monitoring (alerts and status) Physical Topology Logical Topology Provisioning SAS zoning View and manage attached devices Config uration Update acquisition and compliance check Update Installation Trouble shooting

1064 1064e 1068 Yes

1078 1078 Internal Mega RAID RAID Yes Yes

RAID Connectivity controller module module No Yes

No Yes No No Yes

No Yes No No No

No Yes No No No

Yes Yes No Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes No No

Yes Yes Yes No No

No No Yes No No

Yes Yes Yes No No

Yes Yes Yes No No

Yes Yes Yes No No

Yes Yes

No Yes

No Yes

Yes Yes

Yes Yes

No No

No No

No No

No No

No No

No No

Yes No

Yes No

Yes No

Yes Yes

No Yes

No No

No No

No No

No No

No No

No No

Storage restrictions
v You are advised to not install Storage Configuration Manager on a system that is running IBM Systems Director. v Storage devices such as memory, caches, and registers are not managed by Storage Management. v These devices are not supported: IBM System Storage N series hardware IBM System Storage DS8000 IBM System Storage SAN Volume Controller ServeRAID-MR10ie (CIOv) Controller for IBM BladeCenter Any other storage devices not listed in Table 3 on page 20. v When performing configuration and serviceability functions on Integrated RAID Controller (IRC) devices with IBM Systems Director, support is limited to Platform-Agent managed systems on the IRC host.

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v The SMI-S provider for the IBM BladeCenter S SAS RAID Controller Module is integrated with the IBM Systems Director Server and does not need to be separately installed on the IBM Systems Director Server. Keep in mind these facts about this SMI-S provider: It has one of these two names, depending on the host operating system: - PlatformAgentSubagent IBM BladeCenter SAS RAID Controller Module 6.1.0 Linux - PlatformAgentSubagent IBM BladeCenter SAS RAID Controller Module 6.1.0 Windows It must be configured in order to manage storage devices. It runs only on versions of Windows 2003 and Linux on System x systems. It runs on those versions and releases of Windows 2003 and Linux on System x systems that support the IBM Systems Director Server. It can be installed on additional IBM Systems Director Platform-Agent managed systems if it becomes necessary to have additional copies. In this case, the provider is supported only on - Those versions and releases of Windows 2003 that support Platform-Agent managed systems - The following Linux on System x levels: v Red Hat Enterprise Linux, version 4.0 v Red Hat Enterprise Linux, version 5.0 v SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 v SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10

Network requirements
IBM Systems Director requires certain ports to be available and certain network protocols to be installed in order to enable communication among IBM Systems Director components and between the management server and managed systems. In addition, network connectivity must exist between the management server and managed systems, and between the management server and the IBM Systems Director Web interface browser system.

Nameserver (DNS) requirements


Ensure that the nameserver is configured correctly. If the nameserver is not configured correctly, you will encounter problems and potential failure during IBM Systems Director installation. The following conditions indicate that the nameserver is configured correctly: v The nameserver address or addresses are correct for your network environment. v You are able to connect to valid hosts on the network and validate that the connection occurs within a reasonable amount of time.

All available ports


IBM Systems Director processes require access to a number of ports in the installation and systems-management environment. If these ports are blocked by a firewall or used by another process, some IBM Systems Director functions might not work.

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IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

Related reference VMware Documentation (http://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/) Important port considerations: When preparing your ports for an IBM Systems Director environment, there are some important considerations to remember or some IBM Systems Director functions might not work. Review the following considerations: v Depending on the system configuration, one of the following port pairings must be open in order to install IBM Systems Director: (For Microsoft Windows and Red Hat Enterprise Linux) 5988 and 5989 (For SUSE Linux Enterprise Server) 15988 and 15989 Some firewalls might attempt to block these ports. Make sure that the IBM Systems Director software components can use these ports. If custom alternative ports are chosen for the CIM Server, then those ports must be opened. v (Windows only) For any CIM-related function of the Common Agent to work, the HTTP port must be turned on for the Pegasus CIMOM, regardless of whether HTTPS is turned on (SSL is enabled). v If the CIMOM ports for a Platform-Agent managed system are changed after IBM Systems Director Server discovers the system, the system will change to an Agentless-managed system in IBM Systems Director. To correct this change, you must complete the following steps: 1. Delete the system in IBM Systems Director. 2. Shut down and restart the system. 3. Discover the system in IBM Systems Director. v Windows firewall can interfere with discovery of managed systems running Windows 2003, Windows 2008, Windows XP, and Windows Vista. v If a proxy server is required to access the Internet from the management server, make sure that the management server is configured to use the proxy. v Update manager cannot use Digest or NTLM authentication to access update packages from IBM. If a proxy server is required, it must be configured to use Basic authentication. v IBM Systems Director Server can access the Internet through ports 80 (HTTP) and 443 (HTTPS). The firewall and proxy server must permit bi-directional communication through these ports. v By default, IBM Systems Director uses a random source port for SLP communication through a firewall to a Remote Supervisor Adapter. The random port causes problems when discovering the Remote Supervisor Adapter through a firewall because the Remote Supervisor Adapter responds using that random port. To resolve this problem, open any unused or private port. Then, edit the slp.prop file to use your selected port. The following example uses port 49150:
# Up to 10 parallel ports can be open at a time # when opening firewall ports, configure the source port and open # that port and the next 9 consecutive ports # default: 0 - random port used source.port=49150

v Neither z/VM nor the MAP Agent add any additional ports to those already provided by IBM Systems Director for standard communication. Instead of TCP/IP, z/VM communication APIs are used to communicate with the servers

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that provide information to IBM Systems Director and to enact any changes to z/VM servers. The communication is by means of sockets and the AF_IUCV address family. v For the TCP ports listed, the initiator opens a random port in the 1024-65535 range and then connects to the listener on the port listed. The listener responds by connecting to the original random port opened by the initiator. v For the getfru command to run successfully, the managed system must have firewall access through a standard FTP port. v The Remote Control, Update Install, and the Agent Installation wizard tasks use session support to increase data transmission. Session support within TCP/IP causes data to flow through a nonreserved port that is different from the one that IBM Systems Director typically uses for communication. Most firewalls will not transmit the data through this other port. Related reference Ports for IBM Systems Director Server Ports for managed systems on page 29 Ports for IBM Systems Director Server: IBM Systems Director processes require access to a number of ports on the management server. If these ports are blocked by a firewall or used by another process, some IBM Systems Director functions might not work.
Table 4. Ports used by IBM Systems Director Server for communication Port 20 21 22 TCP or UDP TCP TCP TCP Direction Inbound Inbound Outbound Communication description FTP data communication with BladeCenter I/O modules (switches and bridges) FTP communication with BladeCenter I/O modules (switches and bridges) SSH communication with: v Advanced management module and management module v BladeCenter I/O modules v Platform Agent installed on systems running Linux, including systems managed by HMC and IVM v SSH used by IBM Power systems to communicate with HMC/IVM v Non-Windows Agentless-managed systems 23 TCP, UDP Outbound Telnet communication with: v Advanced management module, management module, Remote Supervisor Adapter, and Remote Supervisor Adapter II v BladeCenter I/O modules v Updates 69 TCP Inbound TFTP communication with BladeCenter I/O modules (switches and bridges)

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Table 4. Ports used by IBM Systems Director Server for communication (continued) Port 80 TCP or UDP TCP Direction Outbound Communication description HTTP communication with: v IBM Systems Director Web interface v Advanced management module, management module, Remote Supervisor Adapter, and Remote Supervisor Adapter II v BladeCenter I/O modules v IVM interface v Update manager 81 135 137 TCP TCP, UDP TCP, UDP Outbound Outbound Outbound HTTPS communication with BladeCenter I/O modules (switches and bridges) (Windows only) Software installation and remote access communication with Platform Agent (Windows only) Communication with Agentless-managed systems using Microsoft Windows DCOM (Windows only) Communication with Agentless-managed systems using Windows DCOM (Windows only) Communication with Agentless-managed systems using Windows Server Message Block (SMB) SNMP agent communication with: v Advanced management module, management module, Remote Supervisor Adapter, and Remote Supervisor Adapter II v BladeCenter I/O modules v Platform Agent Note: This port is used when the SNMP agent for the operating system is configured. v Agentless-managed systems Note: This port is used when the SNMP agent for the operating system is configured. 162 TCP, UDP Outbound (TCP, UDP) Inbound (UDP) Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) trap communication with SNMP devices, including TCP for Tivoli NetView events. Examples of SNMP devices are advanced management module, management module, Remote Supervisor Adapter, and Remote Supervisor Adapter II. SLP communication with: v Advanced management module, management module, Remote Supervisor Adapter, and Remote Supervisor Adapter II v Common Agent v Platform Agent v IBM Director Agent 5.20 v Service Location Protocol (SLP) service agent or SLP directory agent

138

TCP, UDP

Outbound

139

TCP, UDP

Outbound

161

UDP

Outbound

427

TCP, UDP

Outbound and Inbound

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Table 4. Ports used by IBM Systems Director Server for communication (continued) Port 443 TCP or UDP TCP Direction Outbound Communication description HTTPS communication with: v IBM Systems Director Web interface v Advanced management module and management module v HMC Web interface v Updates 445 TCP, UDP Outbound (Windows only) Open on Agentless and Platform-Agent managed systems for the following features: v Software installation v Remote access communication v (Agentless-managed systems only) Inventory collection Non-SSL communication with the IBM i DRDA/DDM server job SSL communication with the IBM i DRDA/DDM server job SSL communication with the IBM i server port mapper Remote Management and Control Protocol (RMCP) unsecure communication with IPMI baseboard management controller (BMC) service processors Remote Management and Control Protocol (RMCP) secure communication with IPMI BMC service processors v Random port range for communication between IBM Systems Director Server with Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) service processors Note: You can specify a fixed port by modifying the asmDefinitions.properties file in the data directory. v For the TCP ports listed, the initiator opens a random port in the 1024-65535 range and then connects to the listener on the port listed. The listener responds by connecting to the original random port opened by the initiator. 1433 TCP Outbound and Inbound Outbound and Inbound Outbound and Inbound Inbound Microsoft SQL Server databases

446 448 449 623

TCP TCP TCP UDP

Outbound Outbound Outbound Outbound

664

UDP

Outbound

Random port in the 1024-65535 range

TCP

Inbound

1521

TCP

Oracle Database databases

1527

TCP

Apache Derby databases

2033

TCP

Communication with the IBM Systems Director Launched Tasks program using IBM Systems Director interprocess communication (IPC)

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Table 4. Ports used by IBM Systems Director Server for communication (continued) Port 2044 TCP or UDP TCP Direction Outbound and Inbound Outbound and Inbound Inbound Communication description smcli command-line interface Note: This port number can be changed. See Port configuration for smcli. Remote Desktop Protocol, Remote Desktop Connection, or Remote Accessor for full screen access to systems running Windows Communication with the IBM Systems Director Launched Tasks program using IBM Systems Director interprocess communication (IPC) over SSL Virtual Network Computing (VNC), used by Remote Access (Windows and Red Hat Enterprise Linux) CIM Server unsecure port v (Windows and Red Hat Enterprise Linux) CIM Server secure port v HMC/IVM CIMOM 6641 6988 6989 6090 TCP TCP TCP TCP Inbound Inbound Inbound Outbound SAS switches CIM listener CIM listener TCP Command Mode communication between IBM Systems Director Server and advanced management module, management module, Remote Supervisor Adapter, and Remote Supervisor Adapter II v (All operating system platforms) HTTP communication between IBM Systems Director Server and the IBM Systems Director Web interface v HTTP used by IBM Power systems to communicate with CIM 8422 TCP Inbound v (All operating system platforms) HTTPS communication between IBM Systems Director Server and the IBM Systems Director Web interface v HTTPS used by IBM Power systems to communicate with CIM 8470 8471 8472 8473 8474 TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP Outbound Outbound Outbound Outbound Outbound Non-SSL communication with the IBM i central server job Non-SSL communication with the IBM i database server job Non-SSL communication with the IBM i data queue server job Non-SSL communication with the IBM i file server job Non-SSL communication with the IBM i network print server job
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TCP

4066

TCP

5901

TCP

Outbound and Inbound Inbound Inbound

5988 5989

TCP TCP

8421

TCP

Inbound

27

Table 4. Ports used by IBM Systems Director Server for communication (continued) Port 8475 8476 90009100 9470 9471 9472 9473 9474 9475 9476 9510 95119513 95149515 TCP or UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP Outbound Outbound Outbound Outbound Outbound Outbound Outbound Inbound, Outbound Inbound Direction Outbound Outbound Communication description Non-SSL communication with the IBM i remote command and distributed program call server job Non-SSL communication with the IBM i signon server job Communication Platform-Agent managed system running Xen SSL communication with the IBM i central server job SSL communication with the IBM i database server job SSL communication with the IBM i data queue server job SSL communication with the IBM i file server job SSL communication with the IBM i network print server job SSL communication with the IBM i remote command and distributed program call server job SSL communication with the IBM i signon server job Communication with Common Agent and CAS Web services Agent manager Nonstop ports that are used to make sure Common Agent is restarted automatically if it fails. Note: Ports must be available, but not firewall accessible. Events from storage devices UDP Inbound Receives events sent by advanced management module, management module, Remote Supervisor Adapter, and Remote Supervisor Adapter II IBM Systems Director interprocess communication (IPC) with IBM Director Agent 5.20 IBM Systems Director interprocess communication (IPC) with IBM Director Agent 5.20 IBM Systems Director Server interprocess communication (IPC) support v CAS events v Communication with VMware Note: If you plan to manage systems running VMware VirtualCenter, or VMware ESX Server, see the VMware documentation to make sure port requirements are met: www.vmware.com/ support/pubs/ 50000 TCP Both IBM DB2 Universal Database databases

10000 13991

14247 14248 14251 20000

UDP UDP UDP TCP

Inbound Outbound Inbound Inbound

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Related reference Important port considerations on page 23 Ports for managed systems Ports for managed systems: IBM Systems Director processes require access to a number of ports on managed systems. Managed systems include Common-Agent managed systems, Platform-Agent managed systems, and Agentless-managed systems.
Table 5. Ports on managed systems Port 22 TCP or UDP TCP Direction Inbound Communication description SSH communication with: v Advanced management module and management module v BladeCenter I/O modules v Platform Agent installed on systems running Linux, including systems managed by HMC and IVM v SSH used by IBM Power systems to communicate with HMC/IVM v Non-Windows Agentless-managed systems 135 137 TCP, UDP TCP, UDP Inbound Inbound (Windows only) Software installation and remote access communication with Platform Agent (Windows only) Communication with Agentless-managed systems using Microsoft Windows DCOM (Windows only) Communication with Agentless-managed systems using Windows DCOM (Windows only) Communication with Agentless-managed systems using Windows Server Message Block (SMB) SNMP agent communication with: v Advanced management module, management module, Remote Supervisor Adapter, and Remote Supervisor Adapter II v BladeCenter I/O modules v Platform Agent Note: This port is used when the SNMP agent for the operating system is configured. v Agentless-managed systems Note: This port is used when the SNMP agent for the operating system is configured.

138

TCP, UDP

Inbound

139

TCP, UDP

Inbound

161

UDP

Inbound

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Table 5. Ports on managed systems (continued) Port 427 TCP or UDP TCP, UDP Direction Outbound and Inbound Communication description SLP communication with: v Advanced management module, management module, Remote Supervisor Adapter, and Remote Supervisor Adapter II v Common Agent v Platform Agent v IBM Director Agent 5.20 v Service Location Protocol (SLP) service agent or SLP directory agent 445 TCP, UDP Inbound (UDP) (Windows only) Open on Agentless and Platform-Agent managed systems for the following features: v Software installation v Remote access communication v (Agentless-managed systems only) Inventory collection (Windows and Red Hat Enterprise Linux) CIM Server unsecure port v (Windows and Red Hat Enterprise Linux) CIM Server secure port v HMC/IVM CIMOM 6988 6989 9510 14247 14248 15988 TCP TCP TCP UDP UDP TCP Inbound Outbound Inbound Inbound Outbound Inbound CIM listener CIM listener Communication with Common Agent and CAS Web services IBM Systems Director interprocess communication (IPC) with IBM Director Agent 5.20 IBM Systems Director interprocess communication (IPC) with IBM Director Agent 5.20 v (For SUSE Linux Enterprise Server) CIM Server (alternative secure port) communication with Platform-Agent managed system v Service processor communication with SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10. v CIM Server (alternative unsecure port) communication with Platform-Agent managed system 15989 TCP Inbound (For SUSE Linux Enterprise Server) CIM Server (alternative secure port) communication with Platform-Agent managed system v CAS events v Communication with VMware Note: If you plan to manage systems running VMware VirtualCenter, or VMware ESX Server, see the VMware documentation to make sure port requirements are met: www.vmware.com/ support/pubs/

5988 5989

TCP TCP

Inbound Inbound

20000

TCP

Outbound

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Related reference Important port considerations on page 23 Ports for IBM Systems Director Server on page 24

Security requirements
IBM Systems Director Server supports several products to house the registry used for system security.

User registry products and types


One of the following locations must contain the registry that IBM Systems Director uses for user authentication: Operating system The local operating system user registry is the default registry used by IBM Systems Director security. LDAP IBM Systems Director includes Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) authentication support. LDAP support is disabled by default. The following LDAP servers are supported: v IBM Tivoli Directory Server v Microsoft Active Directory Active directory The active directory, which is the same as the Microsoft Active Directory, acts as an LDAP server or domain controller. It supports the following types of users and groups: v Global v Domain v Local v Trusted Ensure that the IBM Systems Director server is a member of the active directory domain. Related reference Operating system and software requirements

Operating system and software requirements


IBM Systems Director has specific requirements for operating systems and software. IBM Systems Director provides support for operating systems, database applications, virtualization software, Web browsers, and screen readers.

Supported operating systems


This section lists the operating systems on which IBM Systems Director Server, Common Agent, and Platform Agent are supported. This support can vary by version, release, and update. Make sure you review the supported operating systems for the version of IBM Systems Director in your environment. Operating systems supported by IBM Systems Director 6.1.0: IBM Systems Director 6.1.0 provides support for many operating systems. However, support varies depending on the selected hardware and IBM Systems Director component.

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Starting in version 6.1, IBM Systems Director provides a Web interface for use with IBM Systems Director Server. IBM Director Console is no longer required. However, some tasks in the Web interface require the IBM Systems Director Launched Tasks program. For information about the IBM Systems Director Launched Tasks program and the tasks that require it, see Launched tasks and the IBM Systems Director Launched Tasks program. For operating-system support, see Operating systems supported by the IBM Systems Director Launched Tasks program. When preparing to install IBM Systems Director, consider the following information: v Platform Agent, version 6.1.0 and IBM Director Core Services version 5.20.3 are the same agent. v Unless stated otherwise, IBM Systems Director provides agentless support for all operating systems listed in this topic.
Table 6. Linux versions supported by IBM Systems Director on System x systems; IBM and third-party x86-based systems IBM Systems Director Server

Operating system Versions of Linux for 32-bit systems: Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS, version 4.0 (supports Updates 5, 6, and 7) Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES and WS, version 4.0 (supports Updates 5, 6, and 7) Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS, version 5.0 (supports Updates 1 and 2) Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES and WS, version 5.0 (supports Updates 1 and 2) Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS, ES, and WS, version 5.0, with Xen Kernel (supports Updates 1 and 2) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 for x86 (supports Service Packs 3 and 4) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 for x86 (supports Service Packs 1 and 2) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10, with Xen Kernel (supports Service Packs 1 and 2) VMware ESX Server, versions 3.0, 3.0.1, 3.0.2, 3.5, 3.5.1, and 3.5.2, Console

Common Agent

Platform Agent

X X

X X X X X

X X

X X

X X

X X X

X X

X X

VMware ESX Server, versions 3.0, 3.0.1, 3.0.2, 3.5, 3.5.1, and 3.5.2, guest operating X systems Notes: 1. Supported guest operating systems are those that are supported by both IBM Systems Director and the specified version of VMware. See the VMware product documentation for a list of supported operating systems. 2. IBM Systems Director Server is supported on VMware ESX Server if IBM Systems Director Server is supported on the selected guest operating system. Versions of Linux for 64-bit systems: Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS, version 4.0, for AMD64 and EM64T (supports Updates 5, 6, and 7) Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES and WS, version 4.0, for AMD64 and EM64T (supports Updates 5, 6, and 7) Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS, version 5.0, for AMD64 and EM64T (supports Updates 1 and 2) Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES and WS, version 5.0, for AMD64 and EM64T (supports Updates 1 and 2) X X

X X X X

X X X X

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Table 6. Linux versions supported by IBM Systems Director on System x systems; IBM and third-party x86-based systems (continued) IBM Systems Director Server

Operating system Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS, ES, and WS, version 5.0, for AMD64 and EM64T, with Xen Kernel (supports Updates 1 and 2)

Common Agent

Platform Agent X

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 for AMD64 and EM64T (supports Service Packs 3 X and 4) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 for AMD64 and EM64T (supports Service Packs 1 and 2) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10, for AMD64 and EM64T, with Xen Kernel (supports Service Packs 1 and 2) X

X X

X X X

Related reference Operating systems supported by the IBM Systems Director Launched Tasks program Hardware requirements for running IBM Systems Director Server on page 17 Operating systems supported by the IBM Systems Director Launched Tasks program: Starting in version 6.1, IBM Systems Director provides a Web interface for use with IBM Systems Director Server. IBM Director Console is no longer required. However, some tasks in the Web interface require the IBM Systems Director Launched Tasks program. For information about the IBM Systems Director Launched Tasks program and the tasks that require it, see Launched tasks and the IBM Systems Director Launched Tasks program. Important: The launched-tasks feature in IBM Systems Director requires Java Web Start (JWS). The following operating systems are supported by the IBM Systems Director Launched Tasks program on System x systems; IBM and third-party x86 and x64-based systems: v Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS and ES, version 4.0 v Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS and ES, version 4.0, for AMD64 and EM64T v Red Hat Enterprise Linux, version 5.0 v Red Hat Enterprise Linux, versions 5.0 and 5.1, for AMD64 and EM64T v Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS, ES, and WS, version 5.0, for AMD64 and EM64T, with Xen Kernel v SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 for x86 v SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 for AMD64 and EM64T v SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 for x86 v SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 for AMD64 and EM64T v SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10, for AMD64 and EM64T, with Xen Kernel v VMware ESX Server, versions 3.0, 3.0.1, 3.0.2, 3.5, 3.5.1, and 3.5.2, guest operating systems

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Virtualization software supported by IBM Systems Director


This topic lists the supported virtualization software for IBM Systems Director. Hardware Management Console (HMC) v Hardware Management Console Version 7.3.3 SP2, PTF MH01146 Note: It is recommended that you always apply the latest available service pack. The minimum service pack prerequisite is listed here. Integrated Virtualization Manager (IVM) v Integrated Virtualization Manager Version 1.5.2.1 and later fix packs Note: It is recommended that you always apply the latest available service pack. The minimum service pack prerequisite is listed here. Microsoft Virtual Server v Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 R2 SP1 Note: Supported guest operating systems are those that are supported by both IBM Systems Director and the specified version of Microsoft. See the Microsoft product documentation for a list of supported operating systems. Virtual I/O Server v Virtual I/O Server Version 1.5.2.1 and later fix packs (for Agentless-managed systems) VMware ESX Server v VMware ESX Server 3.0.x Service Console v VMware ESX Server 3.5.x Service Console VMware ESXi v VMware ESXi 3.5 Update 2, and later updates, under the control of VMware VirtualCenter VMware VirtualCenter v VMware VirtualCenter V1.4.x v VMware VirtualCenter V2.0.x v VMware VirtualCenter V2.5.x Note: v VMware VirtualCenter must be installed on a physical system to operate in the virtualization manager environment. v If you use VMware VirtualCenter 1.4.1, ensure that you download and install the latest patches from Download VMware VirtualCenter 1.x http:// www.vmware.com/download/vc/ before you install Virtualization Manager. Xen virtualization v Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.0, with Xen 3.0.3 v Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.1, with Xen 3.1 v Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.2, with Xen 3.1.2 v SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10, with the Xen Virtual Machine Host Server option installed (XEN 3.0)

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IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

v SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 SP1, with the Xen Virtual Machine Host Server option installed (XEN 3.0.4) v SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 SP2, with the Xen Virtual Machine Host Server option installed (XEN 3.2) z/VM virtualization v z/VM 5.4 Note: Ensure that the following PTFs for z/VM 5.4 are installed: UM32505 UM32503 UM32521 UM32522 Related reference Supported operating systems on page 31 Microsoft Virtual Server Web page VMware ESX Server documentation VMware VirtualCenter documentation VMware Infrastructure documentation z/VM PDF files

Supported Web browsers


Starting in version 6.1, IBM Systems Director provides a Web interface for use with IBM Systems Director Server. The Web interface requires that you use a supported Web browser. The following Web browsers are supported by IBM Systems Director for use with the IBM Systems Director Web interface: v Firefox, version 3.0 Note: This is the minimum required version of Firefox on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 systems. v Firefox, version 2.0 v Microsoft Internet Explorer, version 7.0 v Microsoft Internet Explorer, version 6.0

Supported screen readers


The IBM Systems Director Web interface provides support for JAWS version 9.0.

Supported database applications


IBM Systems Director Server provides a default database, Apache Derby, that is configured to store inventory data for the discovered systems in the environment. You can either use Apache Derby or configure any of the other supported database applications, which are IBM DB2 Universal Database, Microsoft SQL Server, or Oracle Database.

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Database installation types


Depending on the database application selected and the operating system of the management server, the database management system (DBMS) might be embedded, local, or remote. The three installation types are described below. Embedded DBMS The DBMS is installed on the management server as part of the IBM Systems Director Server installation, and shares the Java Virtual Machine with IBM Systems Director. Local DBMS The DBMS is installed on the management server on which IBM Systems Director Server is installed. Remote DBMS The DBMS is installed on a different server than the management server, and accessed remotely by IBM Systems Director Server. See Choosing the IBM Systems Director database application for additional information about these installation types.

Database versions supported by IBM Systems Director Server


The following table lists the database versions supported by IBM Systems Director Server on different management servers and provides information about whether the database server is embedded or can be installed locally or remotely. Note: The database versions that are listed represent both the database server and the database client where applicable.
Table 7. Database versions supported by IBM Systems Director Database Apache Derby Supported database versions AIX Linux Embedded Windows Embedded

v V10.3 (included with IBM Systems Embedded Director Server on AIX, Linux, and Windows) v Express version 9 v Version 9.1 with Fix Pack 4 or later v Version 9.5 with Fix Pack 1 or later Microsoft SQL Server 2005 with Service Pack 2 Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express Edition with Service Pack 2 Local or remote

IBM DB2 Universal Database

Local or remote

Local or remote

Microsoft SQL Server

Local or remote

Local or remote

Local or remote Local Local or remote

Oracle Database

v Version 9.2 v Version 10g release 1 v Version 10g release 2

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IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

Related tasks Choosing the IBM Systems Director database application on page 50

IBM Systems Director task support by operating system and agent levels
Some IBM Systems Director tasks are supported on certain operating systems or only on Platform-Agent managed systems or Common-Agent managed systems. For tasks whose support is not affected in this way, see IBM Systems Director task support not affected by operating systems. Support for IBM Systems Director tasks can vary depending on the following items: v The system or hardware device model (the resource) v The operating system that is installed on a resource v The service processor installed in the managed system v The level of the device drivers that are installed on the managed system Attention: The device drivers that are available for a managed system depend on the service processor and operating system that are installed on the managed system. v The level of IBM Systems Director support installed on the system or device. In Table 8 on page 38, the following symbols are used: IBM Systems Director Server indicates the task is supported by IBM Systems Director Server. Level 0 indicates the task support is provided by the operating system. Level 1 indicates the task is supported for managed resources with Platform Agent installed. Level 2 indicates the task is supported for managed resources with Common Agent installed. Note: Typically, if a task is supported by Common Agent, it is also supported by IBM Director Agent version 5.20. However, support can vary for tasks that update systems or provide cross-platform support: - IBM i support is provided by IBM Director Agent 5.20 only. - The Agent Installation Wizard can be used to install subagents only on Common-Agent managed system. - (Configuration manager) Only operating system configuration plug-ins are supported by Common Agent and IBM Director Agent version 5.20. - (Update manager) Updates on System x and IBM BladeCenter systems and the IBM i operating system are supported by Common Agent and IBM Director Agent version 5.20. All other types of updates are supported by Common Agent only. - (Update manager) Updates on AIX, Linux on Power systems, and Linux for System z are available only with Common Agent. The ability to distribute Linux updates is only available for Common Agent on Linux. - (Virtualization manager) IBM Director Agent version 5.20 requires a separate download and installation of the Virtualization Manager extension.

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Table 8. IBM Systems Director task support across operating systems Operating systems Microsoft Virtual Server

Task Event Log

AIX

IBM i

Linux

VMware Levels 0 , 1, 2
1

Windows IBM Systems Director Server, Levels 1, 2 IBM Systems Director Server, Level 2 IBM Systems Director Server, Levels 0, 1, 24

IBM Systems Levels 1, 2 Director Server, Level 2 IBM Systems Level 2 Director Server, Level 2 IBM Systems Levels 1, 2 Director Server, Levels 0, 24 IBM Systems Levels 0, 1, Director 25 Server, Levels 0, 2 Level 2 Level 2
7

IBM Systems Levels 1, 2 Director Server, Levels 1, 2 IBM Systems Level 2 Director Server, Level 2

File Transfer

Level 22

Inventory (hardware)3

IBM Systems Levels 0, 1, 2 Levels 01, 1, Director 2 Server, Levels 0, 1, 24

Inventory (software)

IBM Systems Levels 0, 1, 2 Levels 0, 1, 2 IBM Systems Director Director Server, Server, Levels 0, 1, 2 Levels 0, 1, 2 Levels 1, 2
7, 9 8,

Problems (formerly Hardware Status)6 Process Management

Levels 1, 2
12

10

Levels 1, 2 Level 2
12

11

Levels 1, 2 IBM Systems Director Server, Level 2 IBM Systems Director Server, Levels 0, 1, 2

IBM Systems Level 2 Director Server, Level 2 IBM Systems Director Server, Levels 0, 2

IBM Systems Level 2 Director Server, Level 2 IBM Systems Level 2 Director Server, Levels 0, 1, 2

Remote Control

Levels 0, 1, 213

Remote Command Line

IBM Systems Levels 0, 1, 2 IBM Systems Level 2 Director Director Server, Server, Levels 0, 2 Levels 014, 114, 2 IBM Systems Levels 1, 2 Director Server, Level 2 IBM Systems Director Server

Levels 0, 1, 2 IBM Systems Director Server, Level 2

Resource Monitors

IBM Systems Console only Console only IBM Systems 15 15 Director Director Server, Server, Levels 1, 2 Levels 1, 2 IBM Systems Levels 1, 2 Director Server, Levels 1, 28, 16 IBM Systems Levels 1, 2 Director Server, Levels 0, 1, 218
20

Storage Configuration Manager

Levels 1, 2

IBM Systems Director Server, Levels 1, 2 17 IBM Systems Director Server, Levels 0, 1, 2
18

Update Manager

IBM Systems Levels 1, 219 Director Server, Levels 218

Levels 1, 220

Notes:

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IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

1. Agentless-managed system support is available for VMware ESX Server 3i only. 2. File systems that are displayed for the guest operating system are limited to file systems within its virtual disk. 3. Inventory data provided can vary among Agentless, Platform-Agent, and Common-Agent managed systems. 4. Hardware-platform-specific data is not available for hardware inventory. 5. Software Catalog Signatures not supported 6. Unless otherwise indicated, this task is supported (although the support might be limited) by: v Out-of-band notifications generated by the service processor v CIM indications generated by Platform Agent or Common Agent 7. IBM BladeCenter JS20 and JS21 only: Out-of-band notifications generated by a service processor only. 8. Not supported on System z systems. 9. Platform Agent support only on Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS, version 5.0, for IBM Power systems. 10. Limited support only. 11. VMware support for the Problems task has the following limitations: v No support for Platform Agent or Common Agent on VMware ESX Server 3i (Embedded and Installable Editions) although enhanced Agentless support includes Problems support. v Support is limited for guest operating systems. v Support for console is limited to out-of-band notifications generated by a service processor or in-band events generated by CIM (CIM support is system specific). 12. Supported on guest operating systems only. 13. Supported on Windows guest operating systems only. 14. Supported for Linux on Power systems only. 15. Limited support provided by virtualization manager. 16. Not supported for Linux on Power systems. 17. The RSSM function is not supported on Windows Server 2008. 18. For detailed information about hardware and operating system support provided by update manager, see Supported updates. 19. On IBM i 5.4 or later, update manager support is provided for IBM Director Agent 5.20. 20. On guest operating systems, support is provided for Linux updates and IBM Systems Director agent updates only. Related concepts Supported updates Related reference IBM Systems Director task support not affected by operating systems

IBM Systems Director task support not affected by operating systems


Support for the tasks listed in this section does not depend on the operating system running on the system. Event Automation Plans, Discovery, Security, Scheduler, and Navigate Resources are features of IBM Systems Director and their support does not depend on any resource other than the management server. For
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information about tasks whose support is affected by the operating system, the degree of agent support, or both, see IBM Systems Director support by operating systems and agents. The following tasks have specific support statements: Configuration Manager This task does not require Common Agent or Platform Agent to function. These tasks are a function of IBM Systems Director Server. You can use this task on IBM BladeCenter, System x, and IBM Power systems. The operating system running on the system does not affect the support of this task. Configuration Manager performs IP configuration using out-of-band communication. External Application Launch This task is supported by IBM Systems Director Server when installed on x86-based management servers running Windows or Linux. Using External Application Launch, you can configure applications to start on any type of system that has been discovered by your installation of IBM Systems Director Server. Before you use External Application Launch to configure an application to start on a system, you must make sure that the application runs on the selected system. Power On/Off Support for this task can be provided by the service processor installed in the system, the Wake on LAN feature, or the operating system. The support varies by hardware platform. For detailed support information, see the following topics: v Managing power state settings on IBM BladeCenter and System x servers SNMP Management (formerly, SNMP Browser) This task is supported on any system or device that runs SNMP. Related reference IBM Systems Director task support by operating system and agent levels on page 37

IBM Systems Director task support for BladeCenter products


IBM Systems Director tasks provide support for BladeCenter products. The support can vary depending on whether it is for the BladeCenter chassis, network devices, and blade servers. A BladeCenter unit consists of a chassis, one or two management modules, one or more network devices (previously called switches, up to a total of four), and one or more blade servers (up to a total of 14, depending on the model). The chassis is the physical enclosure that contains the blade servers. The chassis has one or two management modules that contain a service processor. IBM Systems Director discovers the chassis and gathers information from the chassis by way of the management module. You cannot install Common Agent or Platform Agent on the chassis. The network device is an SNMP device, and IBM Systems Director considers the network device to be a managed device.

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IBM Systems Director for Linux on x86 Planning, Installation, and Configuration Guide

IBM Systems Director can gather some information from a blade server before Common Agent or Platform Agent is installed on the blade server. The information is gathered from the blade server by way of the chassis management module. In the IBM Systems Director Web interface, the blade server is represented by a physical platform managed object. However, after you install Common Agent or Platform Agent on the blade server, it is a managed system, and the features and functions that you can use on the blade server are comparable to those that you can use on any managed system. IBM Systems Director tasks that you can use on your BladeCenter unit can vary, depending on the features and options that you have installed. See the following table for a list of IBM Systems Director tasks and information about whether you can use a task on the chassis, network device, or a blade server without Common Agent or Platform Agent installed. Unless otherwise noted in this documentation, a task behaves the same for blade servers as for any managed system. Note: When Common Agent or Platform Agent is installed on a blade server, the supported tasks depend on the operating system that is installed on the blade server.
Table 9. IBM Systems Director task support for BladeCenter products Tasks and subtasks Configuration Manager Event Automation Plans Problems Inventory Power On/Off Remote Command Line Remote Monitors SNMP Browser Chassis Yes Yes Yes Yes No Not applicable No No Network device No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Blade server without Common Agent or Platform Agent installed Not applicable Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
2 1

1. Inventory of the chassis, network device, and blade servers can be obtained through the management module. Blade server inventory that is collected through the management module is a subset of the total inventory that is available if Common Agent or Platform Agent is installed on the blade server. 2. To use the SNMP Browser task, the operating-system SNMP agent must be installed on the blade server.

IBM Systems Director task support for Storage products


IBM Systems Director provides limited task support for Storage products.
Table 10. IBM Systems Director task support for Storage products Tasks and features DS300 DS400 DS4000 Brocade switches Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes DS6000 QLogic BladeCenter switches

Event Automation Plans1 Event Log External Application Launch Problems Inventory

No Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Table 10. IBM Systems Director task support for Storage products (continued) Tasks and features DS300 DS400 DS4000 Brocade switches DS6000 QLogic BladeCenter switches

1. Indicates that the Storage product generates events. Events are detected for use in event automation plans.

National languages supported by IBM Systems Director


IBM Systems Director provides support for many national languages. IBM Systems Director Server, IBM Systems Director Web interface, Common Agent, and Platform Agent are all enabled for the following set of national languages: v Brazilian Portuguese v Chinese (simplified) v Chinese (traditional) v English v French v German v Italian v Japanese v Korean v Spanish Notes: 1. The graphical user interface is translated in all of the supported national languages. 2. In some national languages, some or all of the help system might not be translated. 3. The most recent information might not be available in the translated versions of the documentation. For the latest information, see the English version of the information center. To do so, in your Web browser set your language preference to English. Then, open or refresh the IBM Systems Director information center. 4. If a discrepancy exists between the translated and the English versions of the documentation, the English-language version is assumed to have the correct content. When determining whether your IBM Systems Director environment will support a national language, consider the following criteria: v Your selected operating system must support your selected national language. v IBM Systems Director must support your selected operating system. v IBM Systems Director must support your selected national language.

Planning to install IBM Systems Director


Any time that you upgrade or install IBM Systems Director, complete the planning steps before starting the actual installation to ensure that your installation is successful and meets your needs.

Service and support information


Service and support offerings for IBM Systems Director are based on the platform on which you choose to run IBM Systems Director Server.

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For IBM Systems Director Server running on IBM BladeCenter or System x systems, subscription services are available for a fee entitling you to notification of new upgrades, patches and support information, and free updates during that period. For more information about subscription services or to renew your subscription service contract, see the Ready to Buy Web Page at www.ibm.com/systems/management/director/subscription/. For more information about service and support offerings available for all IBM systems, see Support Offerings Web site at www.ibm.com/systems/support/ supportsite.wss/docdisplay?lndocid=MIGR-5076601&brandind=5000016 or contact your IBM representative or IBM Business Partner. Related reference IBM Subscription Services IBM Director support offerings

Reviewing the environment


Before installing IBM Systems Director, review the network of systems and devices you will manage with IBM Systems Director to identify what kinds of resources that you will manage, where they are located, and how IBM Systems Director will connect with them. Your network must be up and running before you install IBM Systems Director.

Identifying the hardware


Begin the planning process by identifying the systems and devices that you want to manage with IBM Systems Director. The type of hardware in the environment might determine how you prepare the physical infrastructure or which features you select when you install IBM Systems Director Server. Your environment might include one or more of the following types of hardware: v Chassis, racks, and remote input/output enclosures, such as IBM BladeCenter units v Systems, including servers, desktop computers, workstations, and mobile computers, such as IBM Power systems, System x servers, and System z servers v Storage devices, such as the IBM System Storage DS4000 family of disk storage devices v SNMP devices and printers v ServeRAID controllers or service processors, such as the Remote Supervisor Adapter II Review the hardware requirements section in the Hardware and software requirements section of the IBM Systems Director documentation. Identify the systems and devices that you will manage with IBM Systems Director. 1. Ensure that all systems and devices are correctly installed and cabled. 2. Record information about those systems and devices in Table 11 on page 44. You can use this information to verify that your managed systems and devices have been discovered, to manually add systems or devices in IBM Systems Director, or to plan managed-resource groups or user roles based on the types or locations of managed systems and devices.

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Table 11. Hardware identification worksheet for IBM Systems Director System or device type Operating system (if applicable) Physical location Network address

Related reference Hardware and software requirements on page 17

Identifying local and remote subnets


You need to provide local and remote subnet information in order for IBM Systems Director to discover resources. Identify the local and remote subnets in which the systems that you want to manage with IBM Systems Director are located, and record this in Table 12
Table 12. Local and remote subnets worksheet Information to gather for discovery Unicast Addresses for Agentless managed system discovery Values ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___

___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ IP addresses or IP-address ranges for unicast ___.___.___.___ discovery of Agentless managed systems. ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___

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Table 12. Local and remote subnets worksheet (continued) Information to gather for discovery Directory agent server for Platform Agent discovery Service Location Protocol (SLP) directory agent server for discovery of Platform Agent managed systems. SLP scope for Platform Agent discovery Service Location Protocol (SLP) scope for discovery of Platform Agent managed systems. ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ IP addresses or IP-address ranges for unicast ___.___.___.___ discovery of Common Agent managed ___.___.___.___ systems. ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ Unicast Addresses for Common Agent discovery Subnets for Common Agent discovery TCP/IP addresses and subnet masks for broadcast and relay discovery of Common Agent managed systems. ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ / / / / / / / / / / ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ Values

Multicast group for Common Agent discovery Multicast group TCP/IP address and time-to-live value for multicast discovery of Common Agent managed systems. Subnets for discovery of SNMP devices TCP/IP addresses and subnet masks for discovery of simple network management protocol (SNMP) devices.

multicast group: ___.___.___.___ time to live: _______

___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___

/ / / / / / / / / /

___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___ ___.___.___.___

Community names for discovery of SNMP devices Community names for discovery of simple network management protocol (SNMP) devices.

_________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________

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Table 12. Local and remote subnets worksheet (continued) Information to gather for discovery Values

SLP profiles for discovery of SMI-S storage _________________________________ devices _________________________________ _________________________________ Service Location Protocol (SLP) profiles for _________________________________ discovery of SMI-S devices. _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________

Identifying firewalls and blocked ports


Review the firewalls and blocked ports in your installation environment in order to identify potential barriers to IBM Systems Director access, and to plan how to implement IBM Systems Director management without creating security gaps. IBM Systems Director must be able to access all the managed resources in the network, and if you will be using a remote management console, the management console and management server must have access to each other. In addition, some functions of IBM Systems Director might require access to the Internet. Tip: If you have a wide area network (WAN) link, use a T1 line that transmits at a speed of at least 1.5 megabytes per second (MBps) to ensure reliable network performance. Related reference All available ports on page 22

Version compatibility of IBM Systems Director version 6.1 components


Some IBM Systems Director 6.1 components can work with IBM Systems Director components from previous versions of the software. Important: The version of IBM Systems Director Server must always be the same or later than the version of any Common Agent or Platform Agent installed on managed systems. See the following table for a complete listing of compatible IBM Systems Director component versions for each IBM Systems Director Version 6.1 component.
Table 13. Compatibility of IBM Systems Director Version 6.1 components with other component versions IBM Systems Director Version 6.1 Compatible versions of IBM Systems Compatible versions Compatible versions Director Server of Common Agent of Platform Agent 6.1; IBM Director 6.1; IBM Director Agent versions 5.20.3, Core Services 5.20.2, 5.20.1, 5.20, versions 5.20.3, 5.20.2, 5.20.1, 5.20, N/A N/A N/A N/A

IBM Systems Director N/A Server 6.1

Common Agent 6.1 Platform Agent 6.1

6.1 and later 6.1 and later

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Important: IBM Systems Director version 6.1 is not compatible with any versions of IBM Director extensions that are supported by IBM Director version 5.20 or earlier. For detailed information, see Whats new in version 6.1.

License information
Before deploying this product, ensure that you have the necessary licenses.

IBM Systems Director


IBM Systems Director contains management server and agent components, and you are authorized to use the components on IBM systems. You are not authorized to run IBM Systems Director Server on non-IBM systems. You are authorized to manage non-IBM systems that run Platform Agent and non-IBM systems without an agent. See the hardware and software requirements for more information about supported systems. You are authorized to use management server and agent components only on IBM systems. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the IBM Systems Director includes a license for up to 20 installations of the agent component on non-IBM x86 systems. These 20 licenses for non-IBM x86 systems are not transferable and cannot be combined or aggregated. For example, if you buy two IBM systems and install IBM Systems Director on only one of them, you are entitled to install the agent component on only 20 non-IBM x86 systems. If you install IBM Systems Director on both IBM systems, your entitlement is limited to managing 20 non-IBM x86 systems. To install additional agent components on non-IBM x86 systems, you must obtain additional agent component licenses from IBM. You can purchase licenses from the Ready to Buy Web Page at www.ibm.com/systems/ management/director/buy/ IBM may audit your compliance with these terms upon reasonable advance notice to you.

Database
IBM Systems Director Server uses a database to store data. You can use the Apache Derby database that is included with IBM Systems Director without obtaining additional licenses. If you choose to install and use a different supported database, ensure that you have obtained any required license for the installation.

Obtaining licenses for Common Agent


IBM Systems Director includes licenses for up to 20 installations of Common Agent on non-IBM x86 systems. To install Common Agent on additional non-IBM x86 systems, you must obtain a license from IBM. 1. Determine which non-IBM x86 systems require Common Agent licenses. 2. Obtain licenses for each installation of Common Agent on non-IBM x86 systems from the Ready to Buy Web Page at www.ibm.com/systems/management/ director/buy.html.

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Related concepts License information on page 47

Choosing the IBM Systems Director Server installation options


When you install IBM Systems Director Server using a standard installation, you must choose the features, encryption settings, network settings, and file locations for your installation. Complete the following steps to choose your installation options: 1. Determine the optional features that you want to install. You can choose from the following features: IBM Systems Director Remote Control Agent Select this feature if you want to use the Remote Control task to remotely control the management server. IBM BladeCenter Management Select this feature if your environment includes IBM BladeCenter units. 2. Determine the location where you want to install IBM Systems Director Server. By default, IBM Systems Director Server is installed in the following locations.
Table 14. Default locations in which IBM Systems Director Server is installed Operating System Linux or AIX Windows Location /opt/ibm/director d:\Program Files\IBM\Director where d is the drive letter of the hard disk drive.

3. Determine the IBM Systems Director service account information. You need to provide the following information when you install IBM Systems Director Server: v Computer name v User name v Password 4. Determine whether you want to encrypt the data that is transmitted between IBM Systems Director Server and Common Agent. If you want to encrypt the data transmissions, you can select from the following encryption settings. Advanced Encryption Setting (AES) A block cipher algorithm, also known as Rijndael, used to encrypt data transmitted between managed systems and the management server, which employs a key of 128, 192, or 256 bits. AES was developed as a replacement for DES. Data Encryption Standard (DES) A cryptographic algorithm designed to encrypt and decrypt data using a private key. Triple Data Encryption Standard A block cipher algorithm that can be used to encrypt data transmitted between managed systems and the management server. Triple DES is a security enhancement of DES that employs three successive DES block operations.

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5. Determine where software-distribution packages are located. By default, software-distribution packages are located in the following directories:
Table 15. Default locations in which software-distribution packages are installed Operating System Linux or AIX Windows Location /opt/ibm/director/directory d:\Program Files\IBM\Director\directory

where directory is one of the following strings: v SwDistPk v SwPkInst IBM Systems Director Server creates software-distribution packages in the SwDistPk directory; when software packages are distributed to the instance of Common Agent running on the management server, these packages are placed in the SwPkInst directory. 6. Determine the network settings: a. Will you enable all or only certain network interface cards (NICs)? If you enable an individual NIC, IBM Systems Director Server will receive only those data packets that are addressed to the individual adapter. b. Determine the network timeout setting, which is the number of seconds that IBM Systems Director Server waits for a response from Common Agent. By default, the network timeout setting is 15 seconds. c. Determine whether you want to enable Wake on LAN. 7. (If IBM Systems Director Remote Control Agent is installed) Determine which remote control options you want to enable: v Require user authorization for system access v Disable screen saver v Disable background wallpaper

Choosing where to install IBM Systems Director Server


Before installing IBM Systems Director, you must choose one or more management servers on which you will install IBM Systems Director Server. A number of factors should influence your choice of management servers, including the kind, number, and distribution of the systems and objects you will be managing, the tasks you will be performing with IBM Systems Director, and the database you will use. In some cases, you might want to install more than one instance of IBM Systems Director Server. When deciding where to install IBM Systems Director Server, evaluate the following considerations: v Consider installing IBM Systems Director Server on a blade to manage a IBM BladeCenter chassis. IBM IBM BladeCenter chassis can be managed using IBM Systems Director Server installed either on a blade in the IBM BladeCenter, or on a separate management server. Refer to Preparing to manage a IBM BladeCenter on page 97 for detailed information. v Do not install IBM Systems Director Server on a system that is running only IPv6, which is not supported. v For Windows installations, do not install IBM Systems Director Server on a domain controller, due to the following possible consequences: Its high resource usage might degrade domain controller performance.
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If you install IBM Systems Director Server on a domain controller and then demote the domain controller, you no longer can access IBM Systems Director Web interface. Unless the IBM Systems Director service account has domain administrator privileges, you cannot restart IBM Systems Director Server. v Consider installing multiple instances of IBM Systems Director Server. Installing IBM Systems Director Server on multiple management servers can be helpful in the following situations: You want to manage more than 5000 Common-Agent managed systems. With the IBM Systems Director Server license, you can manage only up to 5000 Common-Agent managed systems, if you have licenses for Common Agent on those managed systems. The number of Agentless-managed systems and Agentless-managed systems that you can manage is limited only by the available resources of the management server and the network. The systems that you want to manage are in several geographic locations or are owned by multiple system administrators. You want to manage each IBM BladeCenter with an installation of IBM Systems Director Server on a blade in the chassis. v Consider the kind of database you want to use. You might want to use a particular database for IBM Systems Director data, to facilitate data-mining activity or for other reasons. Not all databases are supported for all IBM Systems Director Server installation locations. See Choosing the IBM Systems Director database application for detailed information. v Consider the extensions you want to install, and their requirements. Some extensions can require large amounts of storage. Select a management server (or multiple management servers) on which you can install extensions and expect it to continue functioning even if the network grows. The External Application Launch Wizard requires that IBM Systems Director Server be installed in the default installation path.

Choosing the IBM Systems Director database application


Some IBM Systems Director functions require use of an external database, but not all databases support the same functionality with IBM Systems Director. Choose a supported database that meets the needs of your installation. Note: If you install IBM Systems Director Server using the basic installation option, the Apache Derby database is installed. IBM Systems Director Server uses a database to store inventory information in a central location. You can then use this inventory information to manage your assets. Before you install IBM Systems Director Server, decide the database that you want to use. On all operating systems except IBM i, the Apache Derby database is embedded with the IBM Systems Director Server installation. For IBM i, IBM Systems Director Server can use the IBM DB2 Universal Database that is part of the IBM i operating system. Complete the following steps to determine the appropriate database application for your installation of IBM Systems Director.

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1. Review the advantages and disadvantages of the different database installation types.
Table 16. Advantages and disadvantages of different DBMS installation types DBMS installation type Embedded DBMS The DBMS is installed on the management server as part of the IBM Systems Director Server installation, and shares the Java Virtual Machine with IBM Systems Director. Local DBMS The DBMS is installed on the management server on which IBM Systems Director Server is installed. Remote DBMS The DBMS is installed on a different server than the management server, and accessed remotely by IBM Systems Director Server. Advantages v Configuration is easy. v No additional license is required. v Resource usage is lower than that of a local DBMS installation. v A separate server for the DBMS is not required. Disadvantages v Apache Derby database limitation: The number of managed objects is limited. v Apache Derby database limitation: You cannot query databases with an application acquired from another vendor while IBM Systems Director Server is running. v Not available on IBM i. v A separate server for the DBMS is not required. v Resource usage on the management server is the highest of the DBMS types.

v Resource usage on the management server is the lowest of the DBMS types. v You can use an existing DBMS and avoid purchasing an additional DBMS license.

v A separate server for the DBMS is required. v Connectivity problems with the database server will affect IBM Systems Director.

2. Review the supported databases for your management server and the type of installation that you prefer. Depending on where you are installing IBM Systems Director Server, you have one or more possible choices for your database. See Supported database applications. for further information. 3. Review the information in Table 17 to determine the database that best meets your needs. For the following additional criteria, not all databases provide the desired function.
Table 17. Additional database selection criteria Can access data with a tool acquired from another vendor while IBM Systems Director is running No Yes Yes Yes Yes Can handle a large managed network (> ~500 managed objects) No Yes Yes No Yes

Database Apache Derby IBM DB2 Universal Database Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express Edition Oracle Database

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These criteria are described more fully, including database recommendations, below: Can access data with a tool acquired from another vendor while IBM Systems Director is running Applications cannot use Apache Derby while IBM Systems Director is using the database instance. Instead, IBM DB2 Universal Database, Microsoft SQL Server, or Oracle Database are good choices if you have this requirement. Can handle a large managed network (> ~500 managed objects) If you will be managing a large network (approximately 500 or more managed objects), Apache Derby is probably not sufficient to meet your database needs. Related reference Supported database applications on page 35

Choosing the management level for managed systems


IBM Systems Director provides three different levels of management for managed systems and managed objects. For each managed system, you need to choose the management level that provides the management functionality you need for that managed system. Depending on the type of managed system and the management tasks you need to perform, you can choose the best management level for the managed system. IBM Systems Director has three management levels: Agentless Managed systems without any IBM Systems Director software installed. Platform Agent Managed systems with Platform Agent installed. Common Agent Managed systems with Common Agent installed. These three management levels have different requirements and provide differing levels of management functionality in IBM Systems Director. For each managed system, review Table 18 and decide what level of management is required.
Table 18. Management-level selection worksheet2 Criteria Managed system types IBM systems running AIX IBM systems running IBM i IBM systems running Linux IBM systems running Linux and supporting either the SSH 3 or DCOM 4 protocol IBM systems running Windows IBM systems running Windows and supporting either the SSH or DCOM protocol

Agentless

Platform Agent

Common Agent

X X X X X X X X X
1

X X X X

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Table 18. Management-level selection worksheet2 (continued) Criteria Non-IBM systems running Linux and supporting either the SSH or DCOM protocol Non-IBM systems running Windows and supporting either the SSH or DCOM protocol Other managed resources, including management processors supporting SSH, racks, and SNMP devices Managed system attributes Managed system has a supported workgroup/enterprise management agent installed Minimal additional memory constraint on managed system No additional memory constraint on managed system No Common Agent license required No software required on managed system Needed functionality Asset ID Event automation plans Event log File Transfer Active Status Service and Support Manager (Linux and Windows) virtualization manager (Linux & Windows) Remote control (Windows only)
6 5

Agentless X X X

Platform Agent X X

Common Agent X X

X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

Remote session to all supported managed systems and devices Remote session to SNMP devices and systems supporting SSH Restart the managed system Upgrade to Platform Agent Upgrade to Common Agent

Notes: 1. Platform-Agent managed system support is not provided by the Platform Agent but by the 5722UME product. 2. In this table, systems include servers, desktop computers, workstations, and mobile computers. 3. SSH = Secure Shell 4. DCOM = Distributed Component Object Model 5. Event-automation plans can be applied to Agentless managed systems; however, most of the events that can trigger an event-automation plan are not generated for Agentless managed systems.
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6. Not supported in version 5.20.2 on Windows Vista.

Planning for virtual environments


To fully enable the management capabilities of IBM Systems Director for your virtual resources, ensure your environment is set up correctly. In most cases, you need to install the required software on the host systems in your environment. The required software varies, depending on the type of resources in your environment. Install the following software on the host systems according to your virtual environment: v Hardware Management Console environment: No agent or subagent software is needed. v Integrated Virtualization Manager environment: No agent or subagent software is needed. v Microsoft Virtual Server environment: Common Agent Virtualization manager subagent v VMware ESX Server environment: Common Agent Virtualization manager subagent v VMware ESXi managed by VMware VirtualCenter environment: No agent or subagent software is needed. v VMware VirtualCenter environment: Common Agent Virtualization manager subagent v Xen environment: Platform Agent v IBM z/VM environment: Platform Agent or Common Agent IBM z/VM Manageability Access Point Agent Note: The IBM z/VM Manageability Access Point Agent is installed on a supported version of Linux that is running as a guest on the z/VM 5.4 operating system. Related reference Supported operating systems on page 31 IBM Systems Director task support by operating system and agent levels on page 37

Disaster recovery for IBM Systems Director 6.1


To protect your IBM Systems Director 6.1 data from a disaster, backup your data using commands provided by IBM Systems Director. In addition to disaster situations, it is possible that a situation can occur that might cause IBM Systems Director to enter an undesired state, for example, IBM Systems Director Server no longer starts. You can use data-set restoration to return IBM Systems Director to its last known good state. Before you backup your data, you must determine the circumstances in which you intend to restore your data.

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Choosing between backup and migration


When you backup your IBM Systems Director 6.1 data, you must restore the backup to a server that meets the following criteria: v The same type of server hardware as the previous installation. For example, you cannot backup data on a System x server and restore the data to an IBM Power server. v The same version of operating system. For example, you cannot backup data from a server running Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.0 to a server running Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.0. However, the service pack or update can vary, for example, you can backup data from a server running Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.0 (Update 6) to a server running Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.0 (Update 7). v The same version of the database application. v The same version of IBM Systems Director. For example, you cannot backup data from an IBM Systems Director 6.1 management server and restore the data to an IBM Director Server 5.20 management server. Important: If your intention is to migrate your IBM Systems Director 6.1 installation to a configuration with a different server platform, operating system, or database application, you cannot use the commands provided for simple backup and disaster recovery. Migrating an IBM Systems Director 6.1 installation is not supported at this time. For information about migrating an IBM Director, version 5.20, installation to IBM Systems Director 6.1, see Upgrading and migrating IBM Systems Director. For detailed information about the smsave and smrestore commands, see smsave commands and smrestore commands.

Backing up data for disaster recovery


The smsave command backs up all data associated with IBM Systems Director, including any file-system data and database data. Save and keep the backup output in a remote location from the management server location. You must determine the backup frequency based on your business need. In some situations, even a days worth of lost data is too much loss. Important: If you have a remote database, the smsave command produces two data-sets: one at the location of the remote database server and the other on the IBM Systems Director management server system. The data-sets are mated sets. You must maintain and restore these data-sets together. In a disaster situation, before you restore your IBM Systems Director data, you must first install IBM Systems Director on a new server. Make sure the server meets the criteria described in Choosing between backup and migration. Then, restore the most recent backup data set using the smrestore command. Note: The IP address of the management server and the database server can change from the original installation without any affect.

Planning for events


An event is an occurrence of a predefined condition relating to a specific system. There are two types of events: alert and resolution. An alert is the occurrence of a problem relating to a system. A resolution is the occurrence of a correction or solution to a problem relating to a system.

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Note: In the IBM Systems Director product, there are tasks and features that use the word alert in place of the word event. Also, some tasks use the word notification instead of event. Sources that can generate events include, but are not limited to, the following programs and protocols: v Common Agent v Platform Agent Microsoft Windows event log Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) SNMP through out-of-band communication Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) Platform Event Traps (PET) through out-of-band communication v IBM service processors through out-of-band communication v v v v Successful use of event notification depends on careful planning. Consider the following questions: 1. Which events can be monitored on the system? a. Which of these events are useful to my management strategy? b. What configuration is required for the system to send event notifications? 2. How should event notifications be sent to IBM Systems Director? See the IBM Systems Director Events Reference for additional information.

Planning events to be monitored


Before configuring IBM Systems Director and your managed systems, you should plan how events will be sent to IBM Systems Director and how event notifications will be sent to the personnel who need to receive them. v Consider how events will be sent by the managed systems to IBM Systems Director Server. When IBM Systems Director discovers IBM service processors or BladeCenter management modules, it automatically configures them to send events using in-band communication with IBM Systems Director Server. For detailed information about communication with management modules and service processors, see Service processor communication. Notes: For Ethernet connections, configure either a static IP address or enable the use of DHCP. BladeCenter management modules and the Remote Supervisor Adapter and Remote Supervisor Adapter II service processors support DHCP; however, the use of a static IP address is potentially more reliable than using DHCP. A static address means that the failure or inaccessibility of DNS and/or DHCP servers will not prevent access to the management module or service processor. If a BladeCenter management module or Remote Supervisor Adapter II is set to use DHCP but does not receive an address from the DHCP server within two minutes, the management module or adapter automatically sets its address as 192.168.70.125. v Consider how you want event notifications to be sent to the personnel who need to receive them.

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Using event automation plan, you can configure IBM Systems Director to send notification of particular events or event types using e-mail or mobile phone text message, or by starting an application on the management server or on a managed system. Alternatively, you can configure management modules and some service processors to send event notifications directly to personnel or other management applications besides IBM Systems Director using means such as SNMP traps or e-mail. This kind of event notification is not enabled by default, but can be configured using the BladeCenter Configuration Manager task in IBM Systems Director or through a direct connection to the service processor or management module. These events are broken down into the following three categories: - Critical events, such as Temperature outside critical thresholds or Power supply failure. - Warning events (non-critical), such as Redundant power supply failure or Voltage outside warning thresholds. - System events, such as Power off, Server loader timeout value is exceeded, or Predictive Failure Analysis (PFA) notification. Notes: For SNMP, decide which version of SNMP to use (v1 or v3). Enable traps and the SNMP agent, and configure the IP address. If using SNMPv1, configure the community name. If using SNMPv3, configure the user profile. For e-mail notifications, configure the SMTP server. If you enable timeout events (alerts), you also must plan to enable those timeouts.

Planning for event automation plan implementations


To plan and design an event automation plan, you must determine what the goal of the event automation plan is. Consider which systems you intend to target with the event automation plan. You can target all systems, a subgroup of systems, or a specific system. You can structure event filters and event actions in different ways. This section presents some of the possible structures that you can use. Remember that many event automation plans might include each of the elements of each of the structures that are presented. When designing your event automation plan structure, consider all the systems in groups. Start by designing an event automation plan that contains events that apply to the largest number of objects. Then, create event automation plans that cover the next largest group of systems, and continue to group them until you reach the individual managed-object level. When doing this, remember that each system can be a member of multiple groups. When planning an event automation plan structure, consider the following issues: v What do you want to monitor on most or all of the systems of the same type as a whole? This answer determines the grouping and event filters for your event automation plans. v How will you group your systems as smaller groups, according to the additional events you want to monitor? The smaller groups are usually based on the following criteria:
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Managed-object manufacturer, for vendor-specific events Function of the system, for services and resources specific to that function v What type of systems are you monitoring? v What is the function of the system? v What are the key monitors for the system? v Are there other systems for which you want to use the same monitors?

Managing and monitoring systems with event automation plans


You can use event automation plans to specify actions that occur as a result of events that are generated by a system. An event automation plan is composed of two types of components: v One event filter, which specifies event types and any related parameters. Note: The Event Automation Plan wizard creates an event filter for you when you select common event types. v One or more event actions, which occur in response to filtered events You can apply an event automation plan to an individual system, several systems, or a group of systems. By creating event automation plans and applying them to specific systems, you can be notified by e-mail or pager, for example, when a specified threshold is reached or a specified event occurs. You also can configure an event automation plan to start a program on a system and change a system variable when a specific event occurs. You can use process-monitor events and resource-monitor events to build an event automation plan. Successful implementation of event automation plans requires planning and consideration of how you will implement them.

Planning system grouping


Event automation plans are best implemented by grouping all of your systems into both larger and smaller groups. The following criteria are examples of groupings: Type of system or resource (servers, desktop computers, workstations, mobile computers, and network equipment) Each type of system or resource has its own event automation plans. By manufacturer Each system manufacturer has its own event automation plans. Many organizations have systems from multiple manufacturers. In this case, if manufacturer-specific event monitors are required, you might want to have manufacturer-specific event automation plans for each type of system. By function Each function of the system has its own event automation plans. Each group of systems performing specific roles has different events to monitor. For example, on all of your print servers, you might want to monitor the print spoolers and printers. By resources Event automation plans are based on specific resources. Typically, these event automation plans monitor a specific resource outside of those in the managed-object type of event automation plan. These resource event

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automation plans might apply to systems with more than one system function but not to all systems of the same type. By management technology If you have many devices that send SNMP traps, you can design event automation plans to act on those events.

Structuring event automation plans


Determine the overall structure of your event automation plans before you create them. A little planning in advance can prevent wasted time and duplication of effort. Consider the following examples of event automation plan structures: A structure based on the areas of responsibility of each administrator Servers are maintained and managed by one group of personnel, and desktop computers and mobile computers are maintained by another group of personnel. A structure based on administrator expertise Some organizations have personnel that specialize in particular types of technology. These individuals might be responsible for complete systems or only certain software running on these systems. A structure based on system function Servers performing different functions are managed differently. A structure based on the type of event Examples of some structures based on the type of event are monitoring a specific process and monitoring for hardware events. A structure based on workday shifts Because you can set up the event filters to be active during certain parts of certain days, you can structure your event automation plans and event filters according to the shift that will be affected by the events that are occurring.

Structuring event filters


You can use an event filter to capture a single event or multiple events. The following list includes some of the criteria that you can use to determine whether to include an event with other events: v All systems that are targeted for the filter are able to generate all events that are included in the filter. If the system does not generate the event for which the filter is defined, the filter will not be effective on that system. v The event actions that will be used to respond to the event are the same for all targeted systems. v The other event filter options besides the event type are common for all targeted systems. These settings include the times the event filter is active, the severity of the event, and other attributes. Event automation plans can include event filters with event types that are not generated by all systems. In such instances, you can apply the event automation plan to those systems, but it will have no effect. For example, if an event filter is based on a RAID event and that event automation plan is applied to systems that do not have a RAID controller installed, the event filter has no events to filter, and therefore, no actions are performed. If you understand this concept, you can create more complex event automation plans, and you can reduce the number of event automation plans you have to build and maintain.
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Using the Event Automation Plan wizard, you can select common event types to create an event automation plan quickly and easily. After you become familiar with the common event type selections, you can decide whether you want to further refine your event filters using the advanced event filter path in the Event Automation Plan wizard. The advanced event filter path provides a tree that displays all currently available event types. The currently installed plug-ins publish their events in the Event Type tree when IBM Systems Director Server or Common Agent starts. Note: v Whether the events are published when IBM Systems Director Server or Common Agent starts depends on the plug-ins and how they are implemented. If you add a plug-in to your IBM Systems Director installation, the plug-in might publish its events either when it is added to the installation or when the plug-in sends its first event. If the plug-in publishes when it sends its first event, only that event is published. v IBM i message queue events are not displayed in the Event Type tree. Instead, you can specify message queue events in the IBM i message queue event pane that is below the Event Type tree.

Planning IBM Systems Director security


Before deploying IBM Systems Director, determine what steps you need to take to secure your environment.

Planning IBM Systems Director users and groups


Before deploying IBM Systems Director, define user roles for your organization and determine the user authentication type that will best meet your needs. 1. Decide what kind of user authentication to use for IBM Systems Director. The user authentication type that you choose (a common Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) server, or accounts on the operating system of the management server) affects both the availability and security of IBM Systems Director Server. IBM Systems Director is shipped with LDAP authentication support, but it is not enabled by default. LDAP support includes support for the following LDAP servers: v IBM Tivoli Directory Server v Microsoft Active Directory With LDAP authentication, it is easy to implement common roles and access for users across multiple instances of IBM Systems Director Server. However, the LDAP server must be secure in order to avoid unauthorized access to management tasks and managed objects in IBM Systems Director. To help you make a decision, consider how IBM Systems Director will be used to manage systems and objects in various locations. You can start by answering the following questions: v Will a single management server be used for the entire organization, or will multiple management servers be used? v If multiple management servers will be used, will the same user accounts be needed on more than one of the management servers, or should user accounts be unique for each management server? v Is there an existing LDAP directory, such as IBM Tivoli Directory Server or Microsoft Active Directory, for your organization?

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v How many users will be authorized to access IBM Systems Director? Note: If you choose to use LDAP, ensure that you create smadmin, smmgr, smmon, and smuser groups on the LDAP servers. 2. Decide what kind of user roles to define for IBM Systems Director users. The user roles you define will provide an organizational framework that will guide you when creating user groups, delegating management authority in IBM Systems Director, and creating managed-object groups. User roles can be based on a job description, on the physical or geographic area of responsibility, or on other criteria. A user might have several different user roles simultaneously. Consider the types of access that users must have in IBM Systems Director. Note: The types of access that you grant to users depend on the types of roles that exist within your environment. v If management authority is allocated partially based on the kind of managed object, consider defining user roles for particular operating systems or for storage devices. v If management authority is allocated partially based on organizational roles, consider defining user roles that correspond to sets of privileges and tasks that can be performed in IBM Systems Director, like software distribution, inventory collection, and configuring preferences for IBM Systems Director Server. Depending on the users organizational role, the user probably needs access to only a subset of the available privileges and tasks. Other criteria can also be used when defining user roles for IBM Systems Director. Whatever criteria are used to define user roles, remember that a user can have multiple roles.

Planning Secure Sockets Layer configuration on IBM Systems Director


IBM Systems Director Server provides, by default, a Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) certificate that supports HTTPS connections between IBM Systems Director Server and targets such as storage devices, agents, and Web browsers. However, to ensure server authentication, data privacy, and data integrity, you must replace the default certificate with either a self-signed certificate or a certificate that is signed by a certificate authority (CA), and you must change the keystore password. It is not required that you use SSL to secure the network traffic between your management server and targets. However, configuring SSL ensures data integrity and data confidentiality between the management server and its targets. This protection is especially important if you access IBM Systems Director from outside your network. Note: Make sure that the host name you specify in the Common Name field of the SSL certificate matches the host name that you specify in the URL that you use to access the targets. For example, if you specify a long name for the host name in the Common Name field of the certificate, you must specify a long name in the URL. If these host names do not match, you might receive errors when you try to access the targets. Complete the steps in the following procedure to make sure that you specify the correct host name in the Common Name field of the certificate. To replace the default certificate with a new certificate and to change the keystore password for SSL, complete the following steps:

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1. Delete the default certificate. For information, see Deleting the default certificate. 2. Create a new certificate. You can create either a self-signed certificate or request and receive a CA signed certificate. v To create a self-signed certificate, see Creating a self-signed certificate. v To request and receive a CA signed certificate, see Requesting a CA signed certificate and Receiving a CA signed certificate. 3. Update the Web container properties. For information, see Updating the Web container properties. 4. Update the targets with the new certificate. For information, see Updating the targets with the new certificate.

Deleting the default certificate


IBM Systems Director Server provides, by default, a Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) certificate that supports HTTPS connections between IBM Systems Director Server and targets such as storage devices, agents, and Web browsers. You must delete this default certificate before you can replace it with either a self-signed certificate or a CA signed certificate. Also, you must change the keystore password. Back up any files before you edit them. To delete the default certificate, complete the following steps: 1. Stop IBM Systems Director Server by completing the applicable steps:
Option For Linux For Windows Description Type the following command: smstop 1. Right-click My Computer and select Manage. 2. In the Computer Management window, expand Services and Applications Services. 3. In the Services pane, right-click IBM Director Server and select Stop. 4. Exit from the Computer Management window.

2. Start the IBM Key Management program by typing the applicable command.
Option For Linux For Windows Description install_root/jre/bin/ikeyman install_root\jre\bin\ikeyman.exe

where install_root is the root directory of your IBM Systems Director installation. Note that this path uses the backslash (\) to delimit the directory; depending on the system that you are using, you might be required to enter the path using the forward slash (/). 3. To open the default keystore file, click Key Database File Open. 4. In the Key database type list, select JKS. 5. Click Browse and navigate to the applicable default keystore file:
Option For Linux Description install_root/lwi/security/keystore/ ibmjsse2.jks

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Option For Windows

Description install_root\lwi\security\keystore\ ibmjsse2.jks

where install_root is the root directory of your IBM Systems Director installation. Note that this path uses the backslash (\) to delimit the directory; depending on the system that you are using, you might be required to enter the path using the forward slash (/). 6. Select the default keystore file and click Open; then, click OK. 7. In the Password Prompt window, specify the default password for the default keystore file and click OK. The default keystore file password for IBM Systems Director is ibmpassw0rd. 8. In the Key database content pane, select the default personal certificate named lwiks and click Delete. Next, you must create a new certificate. v If you want to create a self-signed certificate, go to Creating a self-signed certificate. v If you want to request a CA signed certificate, see Requesting a CA signed certificate.

Creating a self-signed certificate


Self-signed certificates are certificates that you create yourself for private use. After you create a self-signed certificate, you can use it immediately. Because anyone can create self-signed certificates, they are not considered publicly trusted certificates. Therefore, use self-signed certificates only on a temporary basis while you test your environment. You can replace the default certificate with a self-signed certificate. Before you complete this procedure, you must delete the default certificate. For information see Deleting the default certificate. Also ensure that you back up any files before you edit them. Note: Messages and settings might differ depending on what type of target to which you are connecting and the version of Java Web Start that you are running. Important: If you want to request a CA signed certificate, do not perform this procedure. Instead, see Requesting a CA signed certificate. To create a self-signed certificate, complete the following steps: 1. In the IBM Key Management program, click Create > New Self-Signed Certificate. 2. In the Create New Self-Signed Certificate window, in the Key Label field, specify a label for the new certificate, for example, DirServer. 3. In the Version list, select X509 V3. 4. In the Key Size field, accept the default value. 5. In the Common Name field, specify the fully-qualified host name of the server for which you are creating the certificate. Note: This host name must match the host name that appears in the URL you specify in your Web browser to reach IBM Systems Director Server. In most cases, you must specify the fully-qualified host name. However, if you use a short name in your URL, you must specify a short name for the Common Name.
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6. In the Organization field, type the name of your organization. 7. In the Country or region list, accept the default value. 8. In the Validity Period field, specify the lifetime of the certificate in days or accept the default value. 9. Click OK. 10. To change the default keystore file password, click Key Database File Change Password. 11. In the Change Password window, specify and confirm a new password and click OK. 12. To exit the IBM Key Management program, click Key Database File Exit. Next, you must update the Web container properties. Go to Updating the Web container properties.

Requesting a CA signed certificate


You can request a digital certificate from a certificate authority (CA). Because certificate authorities are public entities that issue certificates to identify other entities, CA signed certificates provide a level of public trust. Therefore, this type of certificate is better suited for your production environment. Before you complete this procedure, you must delete the default certificate. For information, see Deleting the default certificate. Important: If you are creating a self-signed certificate, do not perform this procedure. You must create a certificate-signing request (CSR) to request a digital certificate from a CA. To create a certificate-signing request, complete the following steps: 1. In the IBM Key Management program, click Create New Certificate Request. 2. In the Create New Key and Certificate Request window, in the Key Label field, type a label for the new certificate, for example, DirServer. 3. In the Key Size field, accept the default value. 4. In the Common Name field, specify the fully-qualified host name of the server for which you are creating the certificate. Note: This host name must match the host name that appears in the URL you specify in your Web browser to reach IBM Systems Director Server. In most cases, you must specify the fully-qualified host name. However, if you use a short name in your URL, you must specify a short name for the Common Name. In the Organization field, type the name of your organization. In the Country or region list, accept the default value. In the Enter the name of a file in which to store the certificate request field, type a file name or click Browse to select a file in which to store the certificate request, for example, DirServerSecPubCertreq.arm. Click OK. Send the certificate-signing request file to the CA. See the CA Web site for specific instructions about requesting a new certificate. You can request either a test certificate or a production certificate from the CA. However, in a production environment, you must request a production certificate.

5. 6. 7.

8. 9.

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Next, you must receive the CA signed certificate. Go to Receiving a CA signed certificate.

Receiving a CA signed certificate


After the certificate authority (CA) accepts the certificate-signing request, the CA processes the request and verifies your identity. The CA sends the signed certificate back to you by way of e-mail. You must receive and save the new certificate in the default keystore file. Before you complete this procedure, you must create and submit a certificate-signing request. For information see Requesting a CA signed certificate. Also ensure you back up any files before you edit them. Notes: 1. Messages and settings might differ depending on what type of target to which you are connecting and the version of Java Web Start that you are running. 2. This procedure documents how to receive a signed certificate with a file extension of .arm from a CA into the IBM Key Management program. If your certificate has a different file extension, see the IKeyMan Users Guide. Go to the IBM Support and Download Web site at www.ibm.com/support/us and search using the document number SC23-6510-00. If you are importing a certificate with a file extension of .pfx and errors indicate that the certificate store is corrupt, see Resolving the iKeyman Corrupted Database Message. Go to the IBM Support and Download Web site at www.ibm.com/support/us and search using the reference number PRS2855. Important: If you are creating a self-signed certificate, do not perform this procedure. To receive a CA signed certificate, complete the following steps: 1. If the CA sends the new certificate to you as part of an e-mail message, you must cut and paste the certificate from the e-mail message and save it in a certificate file, for example, DirServerSecPubCert.arm. Note: The e-mail message from the CA might include supplemental text in front of the certificate and after the certificate. For example, you might see the text BEGIN CERTIFICATE in front of the certificate and END CERTIFICATE after the certificate. In this case, make sure that you cut and paste the supplemental text along with the certificate text. 2. Save the certificate file in the applicable directory:
Option For Linux For Windows Description install_root/lwi/security/keystore install_root\lwi\security\keystore

where install_root is the root directory of your IBM Systems Director installation. Note that this path uses the backslash (\) to delimit the directory; depending on the system that you are using, you might be required to enter the path using the forward slash (/). 3. Start the IBM Key Management program by typing the applicable command.
Option For Linux For Windows Description install_root/jre/bin/ikeyman install_root\jre\bin\ikeyman.exe

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where install_root is the root directory of your IBM Systems Director installation. Note that this path uses the backslash (\) to delimit the directory; depending on the system that you are using, you might be required to enter the path using the forward slash (/). 4. To open the default keystore file, click Key Database File Open. 5. In the Key database type list, select JKS. 6. Click Browse and navigate to the applicable default keystore file:
Option For Linux For Windows Description install_root/lwi/security/keystore/ ibmjsse2.jks install_root\lwi\security\keystore\ ibmjsse2.jks

7. 8.

9. 10.

where install_root is the root directory of your IBM Systems Director installation. Note that this path uses the backslash (\) to delimit the directory; depending on the system that you are using, you might be required to enter the path using the forward slash (/). Select the default keystore file and click Open; then, click OK. In the Password Prompt window, specify the default password for the default keystore file and click OK. The default keystore file password for IBM Systems Director is ibmpassw0rd. In the Key database content pane, select Personal Certificates from the list. Click Receive.

11. In the Receive Certificate from a File window, in the Data type list, select Base64-encoded ASCII data. 12. In the Certificate file name field, specify the name of the certificate file that you created when you received the certificate from the CA, for example, DirServerSecPubCert.arm. 13. In the Location field, specify the applicable directory path:
Option For Linux For Windows Description install_root/lwi/security/keystore install_root\lwi\security\keystore

14. 15. 16. 17.

where install_root is the root directory of your IBM Systems Director installation. Note that this path uses the backslash (\) to delimit the directory; depending on the system that you are using, you might be required to enter the path using the forward slash (/). Click OK. In the Enter a Label window, specify a label for the certificate, for example, DirServerSec. Click OK. Optional: Add the public version of the CA signed certificate to the truststore file of targets. The public version of the certificate contains all identifying information as well as the public key associated with the certificate. This optional step can provide additional security within your SSL configuration. Each target can determine whether the server presents a certificate that is signed by a trusted signer. If the target determines that the certificate is not signed by a trusted signer, it displays a warning which alerts you to a possible security breach. Configuring SSL for targets is specific to each target. See the documentation for the chosen target for instructions.

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18. To change the default keystore file password, click Key Database File Change Password. 19. In the Change Password window, specify and confirm a new password and click OK. 20. To exit the IBM Key Management program, click Key Database File Exit. Next, you must update the Web container properties. Go to Updating the Web container properties.

Updating the Web container properties


Because you changed the keystore password, you must update the Web container properties with the new keystore password. Before you perform this procedure, you must create a new certificate. You can create either a self-signed certificate or request and receive a CA-signed certificate: v To create a self-signed certificate, see Creating a self-signed certificate. v To request and receive a CA signed certificate, see Requesting a CA signed certificate and Receiving a CA signed certificate. Ensure that you back up any files before you edit them. To update the Web container properties, you do not edit properties directly within the webcontainer.properties file. Instead, you must create a file named sslconfig in the same directory, edit the properties in the sslconfig file, and restart IBM Systems Director Server. The process of restarting IBM Systems Director Server encrypts the new password in the Web container properties. Note: Messages and settings might differ depending on what type of target to which you are connecting and the version of Java Web Start that you are running. To update the Web container properties, complete the following steps: 1. Change to the applicable directory:
Option For Linux For Windows Description install_root/lwi/conf install_root\lwi\conf

where install_root is the root directory of your IBM Systems Director installation. Note that this path uses the backslash (\) to delimit the directory; depending on the system that you are using, you might be required to enter the path using the forward slash (/). 2. Change the name of the webcontainer.properties file to webcontainer.properties.bak. 3. In the same directory, create a file named sslconfig and copy the contents of webcontainer.properties.bak to the sslconfig file. 4. Using a text editor, edit the sslconfig file. Notes: a. Specify only plain text values for the passwords in the sslconfig file. b. 5. Specify com.ibm.ssl.keyStorePassword.secure_port=new_password Where v secure_port is the secure port that IBM Systems Director Server uses. Use the secure port value indicated in your properties file. v new_password is the password that you set in one of the following steps:
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Step 11 on page 64 in Creating a self-signed certificate Step 19 on page 67 in Receiving a CA-signed certificate 6. Specify the default password ibmpassw0rd for the truststore file, in plain text:
com.ibm.ssl.trustStorePassword.secure_port=ibmpassw0rd

where secure_port is the secure port that IBM Systems Director Server uses. Use the secure port value indicated in your properties file. 7. Delete the line sslEnabled=true from the sslconfig file. 8. Save the sslconfig file. 9. Restart IBM Systems Director Server by completing the applicable steps.
Option For Linux For Windows Description Type the following command: smstart 1. Right-click My Computer and select Manage. 2. In the Computer Management window, expand Services and Applications Services. 3. In the Services pane, right-click IBM Director Server and select Start. 4. Exit from the Computer Management window.

When you restart IBM Systems Director Server, the sslconfig file is used to automatically create a new webcontainer.properties file and encrypt the new password in this file. After the new webcontainer.properties file has been created, IBM Systems Director Server deletes the sslconfig file because it is no longer needed. 10. After you start and connect to IBM Systems Director Server, you can delete the webcontainer.properties.bak file manually. Next, you must update the target with the new certificate. Go to Updating the target with the new certificate.

Updating the target with the new certificate


You must update the target with the new certificate. Before you perform this procedure, you must update the Web container properties. For information see Updating the Web container properties. To update the target with the new certificate, complete the following steps. Note: If you performed step 17 on page 66 in Receiving a CA signed certificate or if the public version of the CA signed certificate is already stored in the browser truststore file, go to step 11 on page 69. Some targets contain the public version of well known CA signed certificates. 1. In a Web browser, type the following URL to point to IBM Systems Director Server: http://server_name:port_number/ibm/console, where server_name is the host name of IBM Systems Director Server and port_number is the port for IBM Systems Director Server. The default port is 8421.

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Option For Microsoft Internet Explorer

Description A Security Alert window is displayed, for example, you might see the following message: The security certificate was issued by a company you have not chosen to trust. View the certificate to determine whether you want to trust the certifying authority. Continue to step 2. A Website Certified by an Unknown Authority window is displayed. Click Accept this certificate permanently and then click OK. You Web browser is updated with the new certificate.

For Firefox

2. In the Security Alert window, click View Certificate. 3. In the Certificate window, click Install Certificate. 4. In the Certificate Import Wizard, on the Welcome page, click Next. 5. On the Certificate Store page, select the way that you want to store the certificate and click Next. 6. On the Summary page, click Finish. A Security Warning window is displayed. 7. In the Security Warning window, click Yes. 8. In the Certificate Import Wizard window, click OK. 9. In the Certificate window, click OK. 10. In the Security Alert window, click Yes. 11. When you use a launched task in the IBM Systems Director Web interface, the following message is displayed: The applications digital signature has been verified. Do you want to run the application? Be sure to select Always trust content from this publisher and click Yes.

Planning password management in IBM Systems Director


Before deploying IBM Systems Director, plan how you will manage passwords in your environment. You are required to supply many different credentials when installing and configuring IBM Systems Director. If you ever modify the user ID or password of a credential after specifying it during IBM Systems Director installation and configuration, you must ensure that any related tasks or other credentials are properly updated to accommodate the change. For example, if you update the administrator password in IBM DB2 Universal Database, you must ensure that you also update references to that password in IBM Systems Director so that you can still use the application. The following table lists the primary credentials that are required for IBM Systems Director installation and configuration along with the tasks that require each credential. The last column contains information about changing each password in IBM Systems Director after it is initially set. Use the table to determine links between the credentials and tasks that might warrant further updates if you change any one credential to help prevent any problems that you might encounter while running IBM Systems Director. Note: This topic does not apply to credentials that you set up and use for discovery, such as for requesting access, because you use the IBM Systems Director Web interface to manage those.
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Table 19. Installation and configuration user IDs and passwords Credential type IBM Systems Director administrator using the local operating system registry Tasks that require the Your values credential User ID: Password: v Determining IBM Systems Director service account information v Installing IBM Systems Director Server v Logging on to IBM Systems Director Server IBM Systems Director administrator using an LDAP registry User ID: Password: v Determining IBM Systems Director service account information v Installing IBM Systems Director Server v Logging on to IBM Systems Director Server Database system administrator Database runtime database connection administrator (DbmsUserId, DbmsPassword) User ID: Password: User ID: Password: v Preparing the database for use with IBM Systems Director v Preparing the database for use with IBM Systems Director Use the appropriate tools supplied by the database application. Use a tool that can handle the password encryption to change the value in the dcm.xml properties file and also update the database.properties value used by LWI. Use the cimsubscribe command. Use the appropriate tools supplied by LDAP. Procedure to change the password in IBM Systems Director Use the appropriate tools supplied by the local operating system.

Agent manager resource User ID: manager Password:

v Starting IBM Systems Director Server (configAgtMgr.sh script) v Setting up IBM Systems Director to use LDAP for user authentication

LDAP administrator

User ID: Password:

Use the procedure in Authenticating IBM Systems Director users stored in LDAP to modify the com.ibm.lwi.LDAPAdminPassword password value in the security.properties file.

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Chapter 3. Installing IBM Systems Director on the management server


Prepare your systems and install IBM Systems Director Server on the management server. Related concepts System discovery on page 102 Related tasks Logging on to IBM Systems Director Server for the first time on page 95

Preparing the management server


Before installing IBM Systems Director Server, make sure that the requirements that are applicable to your system have been met. Related tasks Installing IBM Systems Director on the management server on page 85 Related reference Supported operating systems on page 31

Preparing the database application


Unless you want to use the default embedded database for your system, you must prepare the database application for use with IBM Systems Director and configure them to work together. Ensure that you have chosen the supported database application that you will use with IBM Systems Director. See Choosing the IBM Systems Director database application for information that will help you decide the database application to use. The effort required to prepare the database depends on the database application that you choose. Preparation might include one or more of the following tasks: v Downloading and installing the applicable database administrator client v Downloading and installing the applicable Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) drivers v Creating a database or server ID v Configuring and starting a TCP/IP listener v Setting the authentication mode. To use a database other than your systems default database with IBM Systems Director, follow the steps in the appropriate topic to prepare your database application. Note: You can install IBM Systems Director before preparing the database, but you will only be able to use the default Apache Derby database until you configure IBM Systems Director Server to use a different database. After the database application is prepared, you can install IBM Systems Director Server and configure it to connect to the database.
Copyright IBM Corp. 1999, 2008

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Related tasks Configuring the database application after IBM Systems Director installation on page 90 Installing IBM Systems Director Server on Linux for System x and x86-based systems on page 86 Related reference Supported operating systems on page 31 IBM Systems Director Downloads IBM Systems Director Best Practices Redwiki

Preparing the IBM DB2 Universal Database


If you choose to use IBM DB2 Universal Database as the database application for IBM Systems Director, there are some tasks that you need to complete to prepare your system before you install IBM Systems Director Server. To prepare the IBM DB2 Universal Database for use with IBM Systems Director, complete the following tasks before you install IBM Systems Director Server: 1. Install the database server or client. See the Supported database applications topic for supported versions and installation options. Important: If you want to run the database on a remote server, you must install the full administration client with IBM Systems Director Server. The administration client automatically installs the needed IBM DB2 Universal Database tools and JDBC drivers. 2. If the IBM DB2 Universal Database server and IBM Systems Director Server are both installed on a machine running AIX, set the EXTSHM environment variable to ON to increase the number of shared memory segments to which a single process can be attached. EXTSHM must be exported both in the shell where the client application is started and also in the shell where db2start is run. To configure the EXTSHM environment variable for multiple JDBC connections, complete the following steps: a. Before starting the IBM DB2 Universal Database server, run the following commands:
export EXTSHM=ON db2set DB2ENVLIST=EXTSHM db2set -all

b. Open db2profile in an editor and add the following lines:


EXTSHM=ON export EXTSHM

c. Before starting IBM Systems Director Server, run the following command in the client session:
export EXTSHM=ON

Note: Always confirm the EXTSHM setting before starting IBM Systems Director Server or running any command line tools such as cfgdbcmd, smreset, smsave, or smrestore. If EXTSHM is not set to ON, run the export EXTSHM=ON command again. 3. Start the database server or client. 4. Create your IBM DB2 Universal Database. 5. Create a unique user ID and password on the database server for the runtime database connection. Ensure that this user ID is not the instance owner of the

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database server. The IBM Systems Director cfgdbcmd database configuration tool will grant the user the correct privileges to manage the database. Note: If you plan to use smsave or smrestore with IBM Systems Director Server and the database, you must: a. Enable password file authentication for the database system administrator user ID that is used for backup/restore. b. Ensure that the database system administrator user ID that is used for backup/restore has write permission to the backup directory so that the database server can write the database backup image to the backup directory. IBM Systems Director does not save the IBM DB2 Universal Database administrator account user ID and password. 6. Ensure that the following environment variables are correctly set and also set to be persistent after logoff or reboot: PATH Add the bin directory under the IBM DB2 Universal Database installation root directory to the system variable PATH so that IBM Systems Director tools can access db2cmd. LD_LIBRARY_PATH (Linux) or LIBPATH (AIX) For 32-bit machine types, set this variable to <db2_install_root>/lib or <db2_install_root>/lib32. Restriction: If your machine type is 64-bit, the IBM DB2 Universal Database installation will link <db2_install_root>/lib to a 64-bit driver, which is incorrect. You must use <db2_install_root>/lib32 for 64-bit machine types. Note: On AIX, if you want IBM Systems Director Server to automatically start at boot time, you must also set LIBPATH in /etc/environment. DB2_HOME (AIX) Set this variable to <db2_install_root>. Note: You can automate the task of setting the environment variables on UNIX. Depending on which UNIX platform you are on, values for the environment variables are set in either db2profile (for bash or korn shell) or db2cshrc (for C shell). You can place a call to these files in you .profile (bash or korn shell) or .login (C shell) file so that, every time you log in, those variable are set. 7. Complete the following steps to set DB2_WORKLOAD to TPM on the IBM DB2 Universal Database Server. TPM is a predefined setting that turns on DB2_SKIPINSERTED, DB2_SKIPDELETED, and DB2_EVALUNCOMMITTED. Setting DB2_WORKLOAD to TPM improves concurrency through instance level configuration settings. Note: You must run the following commands in CLI command mode, not interactive mode. a. Ensure that the CLI environment is initialized by running the following command: On Linux or AIX: db2profile

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On Windows: db2cmd Note: Registry keys and values are not case-sensitive. b. Enter the following command to set DB2_WORKLOAD to TPM:
db2set DB2_WORKLOAD=TPM

c. Enter the following command to stop the database instance:


db2stop force

d. Enter the following command to restart the database instance:


db2start

8. Ensure that the IBM DB2 Universal Database administration server is initialized by running the following command:
DB2ADMIN START

9. Complete the following steps to enable automatic reorg in IBM DB2 Universal Database. a. In the IBM DB2 Universal Database Control Center, right-click the database instance that you want to configure for automatic reorganization and select Configure Automatic Maintenance. The Configure Automatic Maintenance wizard is displayed. b. Click Next. c. Select Change automation settings. d. Click Next. The Specify when automatic maintenance activities can run page is displayed. e. Next to the On-line maintenance window, click Change. f. Specify a start time of 00:00 and duration of 24. g. Click OK. h. Click Next. i. Click Next. The Select maintenance activity to configure page is displayed. j. In the Automate column, select Reorg and RUNSTATS. k. Click Finish. 10. Provide the following information to the system administrator who will install IBM Systems Director Server and configure it to use the database or set options in a database-configuration response file for use with the cfgdbcmd command:
Table 20. Database configuration information and values Description Selected database application Database configuration attribute DbmsApplication Note: If you want to install IBM Systems Director Server and configure it by setting options in a database-configuration response file, then the value for DbmsApplication must match the Apache Derby, IBM DB2 Universal Database, Microsoft SQL Server, or Oracle Database value you select. Value (select or input) __ v __ v __ v __ v Apache Derby (Apache Derby) DB2 (IBM DB2 Universal Database) SQLServer (Microsoft SQL Server) Oracle (Oracle Database)

Note: You must enter into the cfgdbcmd.rsp response file the exact value for each database as it appears above.

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Table 20. Database configuration information and values (continued) Description Database configuration attribute Value (select or input) Custom value:

Host name of the server on which the DbmsServerName database is installed (not required for Apache Derby) Note: For Microsoft SQL Server, if you use the default instance, then the host name is just the server name; if you create your own instance (recommended), then the host name is servername\instancename. Database name DbmsDatabaseName

Custom value: Note: This value must match the name of the database that is created in the chosen database application. For Apache Derby, the DbmsDatabaseName is always hatterastc. Custom value: __ v Local __ v Remote Custom value:

Database system identifier (SID) (Oracle Database only) Whether the database is local or remote

SID

Fully qualified local installation folder of DbmsDatabaseAppHome the database server instance or admin client instance on the IBM Systems Director Server system Note: This is the location of the SQLLIB directory. For example, a typical Windows installation will specify this as C:\Program Files\IBM\SQLLIB. You can determine the DbmsDatabaseAppHome value by opening a IBM DB2 Universal Database command window and specifying DB2SET DB2PATH. TCP/IP listener port ID for the database DbmsTcpIpListenerPort Note: You can determine the DbmsTcpIpListenerPort value by opening a IBM DB2 Universal Database command window and specifying db2 get dbm config . Look for the value associated with SVCENAME. If SVCENAME is a number, that is the port number. If it is a name (such as db2c_DB2) you must find the name in the services file, which is typically located at C:\WINDOWS\system32\ drivers\etc\ on Windows and at /etc on Unix. Inside that services file, find the SVCENAME value that matches the one returned from the db2 get dbm config command. It will include a port number. For example, it may look like db2c_DB2 50000/tcp, which indicates a port number of 50000. User ID of the database user account (not required for Apache Derby) Note: If you will not use the database administrator user ID for the runtime connection, provide a second user with access to the information collection panel. DbmsUserId

Default or custom value:

Custom value:

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Table 20. Database configuration information and values (continued) Description Database configuration attribute Value (select or input) Custom value:

Password of the database user account (not DbmsPassword required for Apache Derby)

After you have prepared the database for use with IBM Systems Director, you can connect the IBM Systems Director Server to the database either after or during installation: Connect the database after installation You can connect the database after installation regardless of your system configuration. See Configuring the database application after IBM Systems Director installation for the procedure. Connect the database during installation (Windows only) If you are running on Windows, you also have the option of connecting the database during installation. See Installing IBM Systems Director Server on Windows using the InstallShield wizard for the procedure. Note: The IBM DB2 Universal Database Information Center has current information about security in IBM DB2 Universal Database. The IBM DB2 Universal Database Information Center is at publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/ db2help/index.jsp. Related tasks Configuring the database application after IBM Systems Director installation on page 90 Related reference Supported operating systems on page 31 Supported database applications on page 35 All available ports on page 22 DB2 information center

Preparing the Oracle Database


If you choose to use Oracle Database as the database for IBM Systems Director, there are some tasks that you need to complete to prepare your system before you install IBM Systems Director Server. Complete the following tasks before installing IBM Systems Director Server: 1. Install the database server or client. See the Supported database applications topic for supported versions and installation options. Important: If you want to run the database on a remote server, you must install the full administration client with IBM Systems Director Server. The administration client automatically installs the needed IBM DB2 Universal Database tools and JDBC drivers. 2. Start the database server or client. 3. Create your Oracle Database. Ensure that the character set of your new database is UTF-8. 4. Use the IBM Systems Director cfgdbcmd database configuration tool to create a unique user ID and password on your system for the runtime database

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connection and grant that user the correct privileges to manage the database. The Oracle Database administrator account user ID and password are used to perform the following tasks only: v Create table spaces and a role (TWG_ROLE). v Assign a user ID and password. Note: If you plan to use smsave or smrestore with IBM Systems Director Server and the database, you must: a. Enable password file authentication for the database system administrator user ID that is used for backup/restore. b. Ensure that the database system administrator user ID that is used for backup/restore has write permission to the backup directory so that the database server can write the database backup image to the backup directory. IBM Systems Director does not save the Oracle Database administrator account user ID and password. 5. Ensure that the following environment variables are correctly set and also set to be persistent after logoff or reboot: ORACLE_HOME Ensure that this variable is set to the installation directory of the Oracle Database server or client. PATH Add the bin directory under the ORACLE installation root directory to the system variable PATH. LD_LIBRARY_PATH (Linux) or LIBPATH (AIX) For 32-bit machine types, set this variable to <oracle_install_root>/ lib or <oracle_install_root>/lib32. Restriction: If your machine type is 64-bit, the Oracle Database installation will link <oracle_install_root>/lib to a 64-bit driver, which is incorrect. You must use <oracle_install_root>/lib32 for 64-bit machine types. 6. Configure and start the Oracle Database TCP/IP listener. 7. Provide the following information to the system administrator who will install IBM Systems Director Server and configure it to use the database or set options in a database-configuration response file for use with the cfgdbcmd command:
Table 21. Database configuration information and values Description Selected database application Database configuration attribute DbmsApplication Note: If you want to install IBM Systems Director Server and configure it by setting options in a database-configuration response file, then the value for DbmsApplication must match the Apache Derby, IBM DB2 Universal Database, Microsoft SQL Server, or Oracle Database value you select. Value (select or input) __ v __ v __ v __ v Apache Derby (Apache Derby) DB2 (IBM DB2 Universal Database) SQLServer (Microsoft SQL Server) Oracle (Oracle Database)

Note: You must enter into the cfgdbcmd.rsp response file the exact value for each database as it appears above.

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Table 21. Database configuration information and values (continued) Description Database configuration attribute Value (select or input) Custom value:

Host name of the server on which the DbmsServerName database is installed (not required for Apache Derby) Note: For Microsoft SQL Server, if you use the default instance, then the host name is just the server name; if you create your own instance (recommended), then the host name is servername\instancename. Database name DbmsDatabaseName

Custom value: Note: This value must match the name of the database that is created in the chosen database application. For Apache Derby, the DbmsDatabaseName is always hatterastc. Custom value: __ v Local __ v Remote Custom value:

Database system identifier (SID) (Oracle Database only) Whether the database is local or remote

SID

Fully qualified local installation folder of DbmsDatabaseAppHome the database server instance or admin client instance on the IBM Systems Director Server system Note: This is the location of the SQLLIB directory. For example, a typical Windows installation will specify this as C:\Program Files\IBM\SQLLIB. You can determine the DbmsDatabaseAppHome value by opening a IBM DB2 Universal Database command window and specifying DB2SET DB2PATH. TCP/IP listener port ID for the database DbmsTcpIpListenerPort Note: You can determine the DbmsTcpIpListenerPort value by opening a IBM DB2 Universal Database command window and specifying db2 get dbm config . Look for the value associated with SVCENAME. If SVCENAME is a number, that is the port number. If it is a name (such as db2c_DB2) you must find the name in the services file, which is typically located at C:\WINDOWS\system32\ drivers\etc\ on Windows and at /etc on Unix. Inside that services file, find the SVCENAME value that matches the one returned from the db2 get dbm config command. It will include a port number. For example, it may look like db2c_DB2 50000/tcp, which indicates a port number of 50000. User ID of the database user account (not required for Apache Derby) Note: If you will not use the database administrator user ID for the runtime connection, provide a second user with access to the information collection panel. DbmsUserId

Default or custom value:

Custom value:

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Table 21. Database configuration information and values (continued) Description Database configuration attribute Value (select or input) Custom value:

Password of the database user account (not DbmsPassword required for Apache Derby)

After you have prepared the database for use with IBM Systems Director, you can connect the IBM Systems Director Server to the database either after or during installation: Connect the database after installation You can connect the database after installation regardless of your system configuration. See Configuring the database application after IBM Systems Director installation for the procedure. Connect the database during installation (Windows only) If you are running on Windows, you also have the option of connecting the database during installation. See Installing IBM Systems Director Server on Windows using the InstallShield wizard for the procedure. Related tasks Configuring the database application after IBM Systems Director installation on page 90 Related reference Supported operating systems on page 31 Supported database applications on page 35 All available ports on page 22

Preparing firewalls and proxies for IBM Systems Director


If you have firewalls in your network, or if the management server must use a proxy server to access the internet, you must configure the firewalls and proxy server to enable installation and operation of IBM Systems Director. IBM Systems Director must be able to access all the managed objects in the network, and if you will be using a remote management console, the management console and management server must have access to each other. In addition, some functions of IBM Systems Director require access to the internet. To enable this access, you must configure firewalls and proxies in your network to allow access by IBM Systems Director components. Complete the following steps to configure firewalls and proxies in your network: 1. Identify the ports that you will use in your systems-management environment and ensure that those ports are open before you start installation. For example, you must ensure that the listener ports for IBM Systems Director Server and Common Agent are open. See All available ports for a complete list of the ports that IBM Systems Director components can use. 2. If a proxy server is required to access the Internet from the management server, complete the following steps to configure the management server to use the proxy when accessing the Internet. a. Configure the proxy server to use basic authentication if it is configured for digest or NTLM authentication. The update manager task supports only

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basic authentication with the proxy server. If digest or NTLM authentication are required, update manager will be unable to access update packages from IBM. b. Configure the management server to use the proxy server, if a proxy is required to access the Internet. IBM Systems Director requires Internet access for some functions, including update manager. If you will be using the Service and Support Manager extension for IBM Systems Director, you will need to allow this extension to send information to the IBM Support Center at 207.25.252.200 using HTTPS (port 443). Additional information is available from the Service and Support Manager Web Site at www.ibm.com/ support/electronic/. In particular, you might want to review the Service and Support Manager Security Reference Doc. Related reference Supported operating systems on page 31 All available ports on page 22 Electronic Service Agent Web site

Preparing to install IBM Systems Director Server on Linux for System x and x86-based systems
Before installing IBM Systems Director on a management server running Linux for System x, make sure that your server meets all the applicable requirements. Note: Because installing IBM Systems Director Server on Linux for System x also installs Common Agent, the preparation steps for IBM Systems Director Server also include preparation steps for Common Agent. Review the following information and complete the necessary steps to prepare your system for installation: v Ensure that your system meets the hardware and software requirements (including those for databases, security, and networking) for installation, as described in Hardware and software requirements. v Ensure that the required RPMs are installed:
Table 22. Required RPMs for Linux for System x Installation scenario Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS, version 4.0 Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS, version 5.0 Required RPM compat-libstdc++-296-2.96-132.7.2.i386.rpm compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-47.3.i386.rpm expect-5.42*.rpm libXp-1.0.0-8.i386.rpm libXmu-1.0.2-5.i386.rpm compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-61.i386.rpm compat-libstdc++-296-2.96-138.i386.rpm expect-5.42*.rpm Upgrading from IBM Systems Director, version 4.20 or later on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 for x86 rpm-4.1.1-177.9.i586.rpm expect-5.42*.rpm

v If you plan to run the Agent Installation Wizard from the server, ensure that openssh is installed. Note: The server installation does not enforce openssh installation.

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v Systems with service processors: Install the supporting device drivers and mapping layers, if they are not already installed. See Preparing to manage service processors with IBM Systems Director for information about these drivers and mapping layers. v Ensure that the instance of Common Agent will be fully functional and able to send alerts to IBM Systems Director Server. For the Common Agent to be fully functional you might need to install service-processor device drivers or the IBM LM78 and SMBus device drivers for Linux. v If you want to use the Remote Session task on the managed system, make sure that the package that contains telnetd daemon is installed and configured. This package is usually in the telnet_server_version.i386.RPM package, where version is the code level of your Linux distribution. v If you want to use IBM Systems Director Server on System x for heterogeneous server management, you can install Common Agent or Platform Agent on the platforms you want to manage. You can obtain Common Agent and Platform Agent for the supported operating systems from the IBM Systems Director Web site at www.ibm.com/systems/management/director/. v The IBM Systems Director on x86, V6.1.0 DVD does not include SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 for x86 installation packages for IBM Systems Director Server, Common Agent, or Platform Agent. You can download these installation packages for System x platforms from the IBM Systems Director Web site at: www.ibm.com/systems/management/director/. Related tasks Installing IBM Systems Director Server on Linux for System x and x86-based systems on page 86 Related reference Hardware and software requirements on page 17 Supported operating systems on page 31 IBM Systems Director Web page

IBM LM78 and SMBus device drivers for Linux


This topic describes when to install the LM78 and SMBus device drivers for Linux. If you plan to install IBM Systems Director Server on a System x server running Linux, you might need to install either or both the LM78 and SMBus device drivers for Linux. These device drivers ensure that certain IBM Systems Director tasks and functions work correctly. The following table contains information about these device drivers, when they need to be installed, and what they do.

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Table 23. Installing IBM Systems Director Server: IBM LM78 and SMBus device drivers for Linux Device driver LM78 When it is needed What it does

If either of the following conditions applies: The LM78 device driver ensures that IBM Systems v The server is one of the following Director Server receives servers: memory and processor IBM BladeCenter HS20, machine type Predictive Failure Analysis 8832 (PFA) alerts. IBM BladeCenter HS20, machine type 8843 IBM BladeCenter HS40, machine type 8839 System x 225, machine type 8647 System x 226, machine type 8836 System x 236, machine type 8841 v The server contains an integrated systems management processor (ISMP).

SMBus

If the server does not contain one of the following service processors: v IPMI baseboard management controller v Remote Supervisor Adapter v Remote Supervisor Adapter II

The SMBus device driver ensures that the configuration manager and status manager tasks function correctly.

Uninstalling the IBM LM78 or SMBus device driver


Before you install a new IBM LM78 or SMBus device driver, you must uninstall any previous versions of the drivers from the server. Uninstalling the IBM LM78 or SMBus device driver, version 4.21 or later: This topic describes how to uninstall the IBM LM78 or SMBus device driver, version 4.21 or later. Note: For instructions about how to uninstall the IBM LM78 or SMBUS device driver, version 4.20 or earlier, see Uninstalling the IBM LM78 driver, version 4.20 or earlier and Uninstalling the IBM SMBus device driver, version 4.20 or earlier on page 83. To uninstall the IBM LM78 or SMBus device driver, version 4.21 or later, open a command prompt, type the following command, and press Enter:
rpm -e driver

where driver is one of the following strings.


Device Driver IBM LM78 IBM SMBus

Command ibmlm78 ibmsmb

Issuing this command unloads the device driver and removes all driver-related files from the server. Uninstalling the IBM LM78 driver, version 4.20 or earlier:

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Before you install IBM LM78 device driver, version 4.21 or later, you must first uninstall the earlier version of the driver that is already installed. Note: For instructions about how to uninstall the IBM LM78 driver, version 4.21 or later, see Uninstalling the IBM LM78 or SMBus device driver, version 4.21 or later on page 82. To uninstall the IBM LM78 device driver, version 4.20 or earlier, complete the following steps: 1. To uninstall the binary RPM file, from a command prompt, type the following command and press Enter:
rpm -e ibmlm78

2. To uninstall the source RPM file, open a command prompt, type the following command, and press Enter:
rpm -e ibmlm78-src-distribution

where distribution is one of the following strings.


Type of distribution For servers running Red Hat Enterprise Linux or VMware ESX Server For servers running SUSE Linux String redhat suse

Issuing this command unloads the device driver and removes all driver-related files from the server. Uninstalling the IBM SMBus device driver, version 4.20 or earlier: Before you install IBM SMBus device driver, version 4.21 or later, you must first uninstall the earlier version of the driver that is already installed. Note: For instructions about how to uninstall the SMBus device driver, version 4.21 or later, see Uninstalling the IBM LM78 or SMBus device driver, version 4.21 or later on page 82. To uninstall the IBM SMBus device driver, version 4.20 or earlier, complete the following steps: 1. To uninstall the binary RPM file, from a command prompt, type the following command and press Enter:
rpm -e ibmsmb

2. To uninstall the source RPM file, open a command prompt, type the following command, and press Enter:
rpm -e ibmsmb-src-distribution

where distribution is one of the following strings.


Type of distribution For servers running Red Hat Enterprise Linux or VMware ESX Server For servers running SUSE Linux String redhat suse

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Issuing this command unloads the device driver and removes all driver-related files from the server.

Building the binary RPM file


If applicable, you can build the binary RPM files for the IBM LM78 or SMBus device drivers. Ensure that the following conditions are met before building the binary RPM file: v The system has Linux development and build capability. v The Linux kernel source is installed and correctly configured. v Any earlier versions of the LM78 or SMBus device drivers are uninstalled. You must build the binary RPM file on a system with the same kernel version and hardware configuration as the system on which you will install IBM Systems Director Server. Make sure that the hardware configuration is similar in regard to the number of processors and that any previous versions of the drivers have been uninstalled. Note: If you are building on Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES, version 4.0 and the /usr/src/linux does not exist, complete the following steps: 1. From a command prompt, change to the /usr/src directory. 2. Type the following command and press Enter:
ln -s ./kernels/version/ ./linux

where version is the appropriate kernel subdirectory under /usr/src/kernels (for example, 2.6.9-5.EL-smp-i686), which matches the kernel the system is currently running. To build either the LM78 or SMBus device driver, complete the following steps: 1. Download the source code for the IBM LM78 and SMBus device drivers from the IBM Systems Director Downloads Web Page: www.ibm.com/systems/ management/director/downloads/. 2. Extract the source code archive (.tgz file) from the driver package to a temporary directory. Follow the instructions in the readme file to configure the kernels sources before building the driver source RPM. 3. Copy the source file (ibmlm78-5.20-3.tgz for the LM78 driver or ibmsmb-5.20-3.tgz for the SMBus driver) to the SOURCES directory. 4. From a command prompt, change to the SOURCES directory. 5. Type one of the following commands and press Enter:
Device Driver LM78 SMBus Command rpmbuild -tb ibmlm78-5.20-3.tgz rpmbuild -tb ibmsmb-5.20-3.tgz

Running this command creates a binary RPM file in the RPMS/architecture directory, where architecture is one of the following strings: v i586 (SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 for x86) v i386 (all other 32-bit operating systems) v x86_64 (64-bit operating systems)

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Related reference IBM Systems Director Downloads

Installing the IBM LM78 or SMBus device driver


After building the binary RPM file for the kernel version of the Linux operating system on your server, you can install the IBM LM78 or SMBus drivers. You can install the binary RPM file either on the server on which it was built or on another server that has the same Linux kernel and hardware configuration. Complete the following steps to install either the IBM LM78 or SMBus device driver: 1. If you built the binary RPM file on another server, complete the following steps: a. Make sure that any earlier versions of the device drivers have been uninstalled from the server where you will install version 5.20 of the device driver and IBM Systems Director. b. Copy the binary RPM file to an RPMS/architecture directory, where architecture is either i386 (for a 32-bit operating system) or X86_64 (for a 64-bit operating system). Note: In this procedure, driver is one of the following strings:
Device Driver IBM LM78 IBM SMBus

Command ibmlm78 ibmsmb

2. Change to the RPMS/architecture directory. 3. From a command prompt, type the following command and press Enter:
rpm -ivh driver-5.20-3.architecture.rpm

where architecture is one of the following values: v i386 (32-bit operating systems) v X86_64 (64-bit operating systems) Issuing this command performs the following tasks: v Decompresses and untars the archive into the /usr/local/driver directory v Copies the device driver, shared library, and all the configuration files to the appropriate locations v Loads and starts the device driver

Installing IBM Systems Director on the management server


After preparing your system, use the IBM Systems Director Server installation procedure for the operating system on which you plan install IBM Systems Director Server. Note: You are advised to not install IBM Systems Director on the same system as IBM Storage Configuration Manager (SCM).

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Related tasks Preparing the management server on page 71 Configuring the database application after IBM Systems Director installation on page 90 Related reference Supported database applications on page 35

Installing IBM Systems Director Server on Linux for System x and x86-based systems
When you install IBM Systems Director Server, Common Agent is installed automatically. During the installation process, you can install several Common Agent features. You also can configure a database to use with IBM Systems Director and change security settings. Important: v Installation of IBM Systems Director installs IBM Systems Director Server, Common Agent (when applicable), and Platform Agent all together. Therefore, it is not necessary to separately install Common Agent or Platform Agent on the management server after installing IBM Systems Director Server. In most cases, any IBM Systems Director tasks requiring Common Agent or Platform Agent will be performed for systems with IBM Systems Director Server installed. v Before installing IBM Systems Director Server on a system that has IBM Storage Configuration Manager installed, you must first uninstall IBM Storage Configuration Manager. After installing IBM Systems Director Server, you can re-install IBM Storage Configuration Manager. v IBM Systems Director Server is not supported to run on a system with workload partitions (WPARs) enabled. You can install IBM Systems Director Server on Linux for System x from either installation media or from a downloaded installation package. Important: The IBM Systems Director Server, Common Agent, and Platform Agent installation packages for Linux are provided in English only.
Table 24. Installation options for IBM Systems Director Server on Linux for System x Installation method DVD media Title or file name IBM Systems Director on x86, V6.1.0 DVD Note: To obtain an image of the IBM Systems Director on x86, V6.1.0 DVD, download the SysDir6_1_DVD_x86.iso file. Attention: If you use DVD media to install IBM Systems Director Server, ensure that you allot an additional 1.2 GB of available space on the system to contain the agent packages that are copied from the DVD at the end of the server installation. The packages are copied to /opt/ibm/director/ packaging/agent on the server. Downloaded installation package SysDir6_1_Server_Linux_x86.tar.gz

At the end of the installation process, you can configure a database to use with IBM Systems Director and change security settings.

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Note: If you plan to use the default Apache Derby database, you can choose either the basic installation path, which configures Apache Derby by default, or the custom installation path. To install IBM Systems Director Server, log in as the root user and complete the following steps: 1. Start the installation from the installation source: Downloaded installation files: To start the installation from a Web download, complete the following steps: a. Download the installation package from the IBM Systems Director Downloads Web Site at www.ibm.com/systems/management/director/ downloads/. Note: When you download the IBM Systems Director Server installation package from the Web, the agent packages are not included. You need to download and install them separately as described in Installing agents. b. To extract the contents of the installation package, type the following command:
tar -xvf install_package

where install_package is the file name of the downloaded installation package. c. Change to the directory in which the installation script is located. Type the following command and press Enter:
cd /install_files/

where install_files is the path to the extracted installation files. DVD media: To start the installation from the DVD, complete the following steps: a. Insert the DVD into the DVD-ROM drive. b. If the DVD does not automount, mount the DVD-ROM drive. Type the following command and press Enter:
mount /dev /mnt

where dev is the specific device file for the block device and mnt is the mount point of the drive. c. Change to the directory in which the installation script is located. Type the following command and press Enter:
cd /mnt/server/linux/i386/

where mnt is the mount point of the drive. 2. Optional: To customize the installation, for example to select a nondefault database, copy the response file (dirserver.rsp) to a local directory and modify the installation settings in your local copy. a. Type the following command and press Enter:
cp dirserv.rsp /directory/

where directory is a local directory. b. Open an ASCII text editor and modify the installation settings in the copy of the dirserver.rsp file. This file is fully commented. You can specify the following items in the server response file: v Specify the log file options
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v Specify the Web console port numbers v Specify the TPM hostname and IP address v Enable or disable the nonstop service, which keeps the server continuously running Note: In the response file, 1 indicates that an item is to be installed and 0 indicates that an item is not to be installed. c. Save the modified response file with a new name. Note: For more information about the dirserver.rsp file, see the IBM Systems Director Best Practices Redwiki. Tip: After installation, keep the response file for future use and reference. 3. To install IBM Systems Director Server, type one of the following commands and press Enter: v To accept the default settings:
server/dirinstall.server

v To use the response file:


server/dirinstall.server -r /directory/response.rsp

where directory is the local directory to which you copied the response file, and response.rsp is the name of the response file. 4. Optional: Configure IBM Systems Director for use with a database application other than that which is supplied by default. For more information, see Configuring the database application after IBM Systems Director installation. Important: You can configure IBM Systems Director for use with your database application at any point after the installation of IBM Systems Director Server, but you must not start the management server until it is completed. Starting the management server before configuring IBM Systems Director to use a database application might result in a loss of function. 5. Complete the following steps to start IBM Systems Director Server: a. Type the following command and press Enter:
/opt/ibm/director/bin/configAgtMgr.sh

b. Use the following information to respond to the configAgtMgr.sh script prompts: Enter the Resource Manager user ID that you would like to set for your Agent Manager If you want to register with an existing agent manager, enter the same resource manager user ID as that of the agent manager. If you want to create a new agent manager, enter in any user ID that will then be defined as the resource manager user ID for that new agent manager. Note: The resource manager user ID is an identifier that is used by IBM Systems Director or other resource managers to communicate with the agent manager; it is not a user ID on the operating system or an LDAP server. Enter the Resource Manager password to set for your Agent Manager If you want to register with an existing agent manager, enter the same resource manager password as that of the agent manager. If

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you want to create a new agent manager, enter in any password that will then be defined as the resource manager password for that new agent manager. Verify the Resource Manager password to set for your Agent Manager Reenter the password you entered for Enter the Resource Manager password to set for your Agent Manager. Enter the Agent Registration password to set for your Agent Manager If you want to register with an existing agent manager, enter the same agent registration password as that of the agent manager. If you want to create a new agent manager, enter in any password that will then be defined as the agent registration password for that new agent manager. Verify the Agent Registration password to set for your Agent Manager Reenter the password you entered for Enter the Agent Registration password to set for your Agent Manager. Would you like to use an existing Agent Manager (yes or no)? If you answer yes, ensure that the user ID and passwords that you previously entered match the user ID and passwords of the existing agent manager. If you answer no, you are done and the configuration will start. Enter the IP address for the existing Agent Manager If you answered yes to Would you like to use an existing Agent Manager (yes or no)?, you must provide the IP address of the existing agent manager. Enter the port number for the existing Agent Manager If you answered yes to Would you like to use an existing Agent Manager (yes or no)?, you must provide the port number of the existing agent manager. The port number must be a valid number between 0 and 65535. After you have provided all the requested information, the agent manager configuration script runs and displays a series of status messages. c. Start IBM Systems Director processes on the management servers by running the smstart command:
/opt/ibm/director/bin/smstart

See the smstart command topic for instructions. d. Type the following command and press Enter:
install_root/bin/smstatus -r

When this command returns a value of Active, the server is started. 6. If you used the DVD for installation, complete the following steps to unmount the drive and remove the DVD: a. Type cd / and press Enter. b. Type the following command and press Enter:
umount /mnt

where mnt is the mount point of the drive. c. Remove the DVD from the drive.

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To enable SNMP Access and Trap Forwarding, install and configure Net-SNMP, version 5.2.1, see . Related tasks Preparing the database application on page 71 Configuring the database application after IBM Systems Director installation Preparing to install IBM Systems Director Server on Linux for System x and x86-based systems on page 80

Configuring the database application after IBM Systems Director installation


After IBM Systems Director installation, use the cfgdbcmd.rsp file to configure IBM Systems Director to use a nondefault database application. This task actually switches the configured database from one to another. Ensure that IBM Systems Director Server is stopped before starting this task. See smstop command for information. Complete the following steps to use the cfgdbcmd.rsp file to configure your database: 1. Open the cfgdbcmd.rsp file with any text editor. The cfgdbcmd.rsp file resides in the install_root\proddata directory, where install_root is the root directory of your IBM Systems Director installation. 2. In the cfgdbcmd.rsp file, ensure that the configuration information for your chosen database is not commented out (remove the ; at the beginning of all fields for that database) and make sure that the other possible database configuration options are commented out so that they remain ignored. By default, all database configuration information is commented out using the ; character before the line and is therefore ignored by the IBM Systems Director Server. 3. Use information from your local database administrator to fill in all of the fields needed for your chosen database, including for Apache Derby if applicable. See Preparing the database application for information about what you need to gather from each applicable database server. Attention: Ensure that you do not use any quotes in the response file as they will cause errors during database configuration. 4. Save and close the cfgdbcmd.rsp file. 5. Run the script that encrypts passwords for your database configuration. The script that you use varies depending on which operating system you are using. See Encrypting passwords for database configuration for details. 6. After the encryption script is complete, run the cfgdbcmd tool. Depending on your operating system, the filename of the tool is either cfgdbcmd.cmd or cfgdbcmd.sh. See cfgdbcmd command for information. The cfgdbcmd tool will use the response file that you previously filled in to properly connect your IBM Systems Director Server to the chosen database. 7. After the database configuration tool has completed, you must run the smreset command located in the install_root\bin folder. See smreset command for information. 8. Start IBM Systems Director Server. See smstart command for information.

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After the configuration is complete, IBM Systems Director Server is properly connected to your chosen database. Related tasks Preparing the database application on page 71 Preparing the IBM DB2 Universal Database on page 72 Preparing the Oracle Database on page 76 Installing IBM Systems Director Server on Linux for System x and x86-based systems on page 86 Installing IBM Systems Director on the management server on page 85 Related reference Supported operating systems on page 31 Supported database applications on page 35 All available ports on page 22 DB2 information center Microsoft SQL Server 2005 JDBC Driver 1.2 JDBC driver How to configure SQL Server 2005 to allow remote connections Authentication Mode (SQL Server Express) IBM Systems Director Downloads IBM Systems Director Best Practices Redwiki

Configuring IBM Systems Director Server after installation


Before you start using IBM Systems Director, review these recommendations for configuring systems and setting up your environment. Configure IBM Systems Director Server after a successful installation, so that you can get the most benefit from the product, and be able to work efficiently. Do not confuse this task with Configuring Systems, which is a separate topic for configuring those resources that are controlled by IBM Systems Director. The Welcome page of IBM Systems Director provides a quick overview, as well as links to all necessary configuration tasks. To configure IBM Systems Director, perform these steps: 1. Click System Discovery on the Start tab to discovery recently-installed agents. 2. Click Collect and View Inventory on the Start tab to collect inventory data on all the recently-installed agents. 3. In the Next Steps section, click Register IBM Systems Director and complete the product registration. 4. Run these options in the Next Steps list. v Create event thresholds and automation plans v Check for updates on discovered systems. v Set up additional user security v Start configuring your systems

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Configuring IBM Systems Director plug-ins and platforms


These plug-ins and platforms are used to manage the various features of IBM Systems Director. Check this list, and run the configuration tasks for those plug-ins and platforms that you intend to use. Some of these do not require configuration, but it is optional. Others do not have configuration tasks. If you do not intend to use a particular plug-in or platform, there is no need to configure it. 1. Configure console settings, including encryption, console navigation, and event log settings. 2. Configure users and roles. Click Security Users and Security Roles. 3. Examine this list and configure all IBM Systems Director plug-ins that you intend to use. IBM Systems Director Server Although the installation process has performed some of the configuration tasks for the IBM Systems Director Server, review the status page and make any necessary changes. Update Manager There are no mandatory configuration tasks, but you are advised to click on the Update Manager link to go to the summary page, and run the Getting Started and Settings tasks. Virtualization Manager Create a master image for Xen virtual servers. Remote Access Configure Virtual Network Computing (VNC) and Remote Desktop, if you intend to use these Remote control features. Storage Management Configure SMI-S providers and external storage applications. These plug-ins have no configuration tasks: v Discovery Manager v Status Manager v Automation Manager v Configuration Manager v BladeCenter and System x Management v Power Systems Management v System z Management

Configuring the command line interface


Before running the smcli commands or displaying help for them, ensure that required software is installed and the locale is correctly installed and configured on the system. You can run smcli commands locally on the management server or remotely by accessing the management server using a remote-access utility, such as secure shell (SSH) or Telnet. Perform these steps on the management server and on all other systems that you might use to access the management server to run commands. Note: (AIX only) Japanese, Korean, and Chinese fonts display correctly only when displaying man pages for smcli commands locally on the management server.

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1. (Windows only) Management servers running Windows XP, Windows 2000, or Windows 2003 require msvcr80.dll to run smcli. You can obtain the dynamic link library (DLL) by installing vcredist_x86.exe. For information about downloading and installing this file, see https://www.microsoft.com/ downloads. 2. (AIX) If you choose to use a single byte or double-byte language with UTF-8 encoding, the CLI displays output, messages, helps, and man pages correctly only when run locally on an AIX management server or remotely on an AIX display exported from the AIX management server. When run remotely on a non-AIX display exported from the AIX management server, the characters will appear garbled. 3. Ensure that the desired locale is supported by IBM Systems Director and is installed correctly on the client system, from where smcli is run. Tips: v To verify languages supported by smcli, see . v (AIX and Linux only) To check the current locale, use the locale -a command. v (AIX only) To install another locale, use the smit command. v (Linux for x86 only) To install another locale, use the yast command. Use UTF-8 locales (for example, ja_JP.UTF-8). v If your system does not support double-byte character sets, you will see garbage characters or small block-like characters when you display operating-system specific man pages. 4. (AIX and Linux only) Set the environment variables LC_ALL and LANG to the desired locale in which you want to run the commands using the export command (for example, export LC_ALL=en and export LANG=en). Tip: To verify that the system locale has changed, run some AIX or Linux specific commands and ensure that the operating-system-specific messages are displayed in the language you set. 5. (AIX and Linux only) The smcli man page are available only in English and Japanese. To view the view man pages in English, set the MANPATH environment variable to /opt/ibm/director/man. To view the man pages in Japanese on an AIX system, set the MANPATH environment variable to opt/ibm/director/man/ja. Tips: v To verify that the MANPATH environment variable was changed correctly, display man pages for some operating-system specific commands to ensure the Japanese locale is set correctly. v (SUSE Linux only) Man pages are available only in English. They are not available in Japanese. v v On AIX, man pages in Japanese display correctly only if you run the commands locally on the management server with LANG=JA_JP (which is a UTF-8 locale). v v For SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9.x,, the man command only understands EUC_JP encoding. You must convert the man page encoding from UTF-8 to EUC_JP to view the man pages, for example:

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mkdir -p /tmp/man/man1 iconv -futf8 -teucjp /opt/ibm/director/man/ja/man1/command_name.1 > /tmp/man/man1/command_name.1 man -M /tmp/man/ command_name

Reviewing Microsoft Internet Explorer security options


Review these instructions if you are using Microsoft Internet Explorer Web browsers that have Enhanced Security Configuration enabled, and are running on Windows Server 2003 or Windows Server 2008. When using a Web browser with Enhanced Security Configuration enabled, some properties of the IBM Systems Director Web interface might not display as expected. Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration establishes a configuration for your server and for Internet Explorer that decreases the exposure of your server to potential attacks that can occur through Web content and application scripts. As a result, some Web sites might not display or perform as expected. Using a server for Internet browsing is not a good security practice because Internet browsing increases the exposure of your server to potential security attacks. It is a best practice recommendation that you run your Web browser on a system that is not a server. However, if you must use a server running Windows Server, you must turn off Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration. Complete the following applicable steps to disable Internet Explorer Enhanced Security: 1. On Windows Server 2003 systems: a. Click Start Control Panel. b. In the Control Panel window, click Add or Remove Programs. c. Click Add/Remove Windows Components. d. Clear the Select Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration check box. e. Click Next; then, click Finish. 2. On Windows Server 2008 systems: a. Close any instances of the Internet Explorer Web browser. b. Start Server Manager. c. In the Details pane, locate the Security Information area that is displayed under the Server Summary area. d. In the Security Information area, click Configure IE ESC. e. In the Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration window, click the applicable option: v If your user account is a member of the Administrators group, click Off under Administrators. v If your user account is a member of a standard users group, click Off under Users. f. Click OK. For additional information, see http://technet2.microsoft.com/windowsserver/en/ library/910d7a79-fd6f-447e-9bb1-bc9e57d54ec41033.mspx?mfr=true

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Logging on to IBM Systems Director Server for the first time


After installing IBM Systems Director Server, log on using a Web browser, discover managed systems, and request access to them. You must already have installed and started IBM Systems Director Server before beginning this task. 1. Log on to IBM Systems Director using a Web browser. a. Point your browser to the following URL:
http://System_Name:Port_Number/ibm/console

where System_Name is the name of the system on which IBM Systems Director Server is installed and Port_Number is the first (lower) of two consecutive port numbers that you specified for the Web server to use. The default ports for the Web server are 8421 and 8422. If you use port 8422, make sure that you specify https to indicate a secure port. b. Type the user ID and password that correspond to an authorized IBM Systems Director administrator user ID and password. c. Click Log in. Note: A security alert window might be displayed before logging in. This is due to incorrect configuration of the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) certificate. For information see Configuring Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) between IBM Systems Director and the Web browser client. 2. Discover your managed systems. The first time you log on to IBM Systems Director Server, a Discover button is displayed. Click it to start discovering your managed systems. 3. Request access to your managed systems. Secured systems are displayed in IBM Systems Director Web interface with a padlock icon beside them in the Secured column of the systems details. After a system is accessed, the padlock disappears and additional tasks and status information are available. The Access attribute for each resource shows the current access status. You cannot request access to resources that have an access status of Offline, for which you need to instead use verify access, or OK, because you already have access to those resources and no further action is required. To request access to secured managed systems, complete the following steps. Note: You can select more than one system at a time as long as each requires the same user ID and password. a. In IBM Systems Director Web interface, click Navigate Resources. b. Navigate to the system that you want to access. c. Right-click the system for which you want to request access and select Security Request Access. d. On the Request Access page, type the user ID and password of a user with administrator privileges on the managed system. e. Click Request Access. You can now begin managing the systems you have discovered, or install agents on managed systems to enable additional management capabilities.

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Related concepts System discovery on page 102 Related tasks Chapter 3, Installing IBM Systems Director on the management server, on page 71

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Chapter 4. Preparing agentless managed systems


Prepare the agentless managed systems in your environment before you discover or manage them with IBM Systems Director. Related reference Supported operating systems on page 31 AIX Pegasus CIM server and providers

Preparing to manage a IBM BladeCenter


IBM Systems Director can be deployed to manage the blade servers in a IBM BladeCenter chassis. Related reference Supported operating systems on page 31

Preparing to manage a IBM BladeCenter chassis using IBM Systems Director Server on a non-blade server
You can install IBM Systems Director Server on a non-blade server. With this management server you can manage one or more IBM BladeCenter units and the blade servers installed in them. You must configure the network so that this installation is possible. Complete the following steps to prepare to manage an IBM IBM BladeCenter chassis using IBM Systems Director Server installed on a non-blade server: 1. Consider using a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server to assign an address to the external port of the management module. When a IBM BladeCenter management module is first started, it searches for a DHCP server. If a DHCP server is not found, the IBM BladeCenter management module assigns IP address 192.168.70.125 to the external management port. Because this static IP address is the same for all management modules, IP address conflicts can occur if you do not use a DHCP server and introduce multiple IBM BladeCenter chassis onto a network simultaneously. When you configure the IBM BladeCenter chassis, you assign static IP addresses to the switch module and the external and internal ports of the management module. 2. Set up a separate management network to configure and manage your IBM BladeCenter chassis and blade servers. By separating the LAN segment used for production from the LAN segment to which the IBM BladeCenter management module is connected, you can ensure that only authorized system administrators can connect to the IBM BladeCenter chassis and switch modules. Figure 2 on page 98 shows such a network configuration. 3. If you intend to use Remote Deployment Manager (RDM), install RDM on the management server. 4. If you plan to use a database application other than Apache Derby, consider installing the database server on the management LAN. 5. Make sure that you have installed the latest version of the management module firmware. To download the firmware, go to the IBM Servers Web site at www.ibm.com/servers/.

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Figure 2. Example of IBM BladeCenter deployment network when IBM Systems Director Server is not installed on a blade server

This network configuration ensures that applications running on the blade servers cannot modify chassis settings, because the blade servers have no connection to either the management module or the switch module configuration ports. Note: Only one of the following software applications can communicate with a IBM BladeCenter management module at any given time: v Cluster Systems Management (CSM) v IBM Systems Director Server v IBM Management Processor Command-Line Interface (MPCLI)

Preparing to manage a IBM BladeCenter chassis using IBM Systems Director Server on a blade server
You can install IBM Systems Director Server on a blade server. With this management server you can manage the IBM BladeCenter unit, including the server on which IBM Systems Director Server is installed, and other IBM BladeCenter units. You must configure the network so that this installation is possible. Consider the following issues when managing the IBM BladeCenter unit that contains the management server: v Enable access for authorized administrators as determined by the security policy established for the user environment. v Be careful when making changes to the configuration of the IBM BladeCenter chassis from IBM Systems Director itself. Such changes could effectively remove the instance of IBM Systems Director Server from the network and halt the entire IBM Systems Director environment. Specifically, do not perform these tasks on the blade server where IBM Systems Director Server is installed without careful consideration: Using Remote Deployment Manager (RDM) to deploy software to that blade server Powering off that blade server

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Changing the boot options on that blade server v Create a network setup that enables the IBM BladeCenter Management Module to communicate with the management server. Otherwise IBM Systems Director will be unable to discover the IBM BladeCenter chassis that contains the management server. By default, the blade servers installed in a IBM BladeCenter chassis cannot communicate automatically with the IBM BladeCenter Management Module. This architecture is designed to prevent the blade servers from modifying the IBM BladeCenter chassis settings. If you install IBM Systems Director Server on a blade server and want to use the instance of IBM Systems Director to manage the IBM BladeCenter unit in which the management server is installed, you must enable communication between the management server and the management module. 1. Consider using a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server to assign an address to the external port of the management module. When a IBM BladeCenter management module is first started, it searches for a DHCP server. If a DHCP server is not found, the IBM BladeCenter management module assigns IP address 192.168.70.125 to the external management port. Because this static IP address is the same for all management modules, IP address conflicts can occur if you do not use a DHCP server and introduce multiple IBM BladeCenter chassis onto a network simultaneously. When you configure the IBM BladeCenter chassis, you assign static IP addresses to the switch module and the external and internal ports of the management module. 2. Set up a separate management network to configure and manage your IBM BladeCenter chassis and blade servers. By separating the LAN segment used for production from the LAN segment to which the IBM BladeCenter management module is connected, you can ensure that only authorized system administrators can connect to the IBM BladeCenter chassis and switch modules. Figure 2 on page 98 shows such a network configuration. 3. To use an installation of IBM Systems Director Server on a blade to manage the IBM BladeCenter unit in which the management server is installed, enable communication between the Campus LAN and the Management LAN. Figure 3 on page 100 shows such a network configuration. 4. If you intend to use Remote Deployment Manager (RDM), install RDM on the management server. 5. If you plan to use a database application other than Apache Derby, consider installing the database server on the management LAN. 6. Make sure that you have installed the latest version of the management module firmware. To download the firmware, go to the IBM Servers Web site at www.ibm.com/servers/.

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Figure 3. Example of IBM BladeCenter deployment network when IBM Systems Director Server is installed on a blade server

With this configuration, IBM Systems Director Server can communicate through the Campus LAN to the Management LAN and then onto the management module. Note: Only one of the following software applications can communicate with a IBM BladeCenter management module at any given time: v Cluster Systems Management (CSM) v IBM Systems Director Server v IBM Management Processor Command-Line Interface (MPCLI) Related reference IBM Servers

Preparing VMware managed systems


You might need to configure certain VMware systems before you can install agents on them using the Agent Installation Wizard. Managed systems running VMware ESX require the following configuration to ensure that agents can be installed using the Agent Installation Wizard: 1. On the VMware managed system, open the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file in a text editor. 2. Locate the following line:
Ciphers aes256-cbc,aes128-cbc

3. Change the line to:


Ciphers aes256-cbc,aes128-cbc,3des-cbc

4. Save and close the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file. 5. Stop and restart the ssh daemon. Type the following command:
service sshd restart

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Chapter 5. Discovering systems and collecting inventory data


To manage a resource within an environment or view inventory data about it, that resource must first be discovered and, after access is granted, an inventory must be collected. The resource is recognized and added to the comprehensive list of native resources and native attributes for the system. Discovery and inventory collection are the two primary tasks that are used to connect to supported network resources and collect information about them.

Discovery protocols
During system discovery, IBM Systems Director Server attempts to communicate with target resources by using a predetermined list of protocols. When using advanced system discovery, IBM Systems Director Server attempts to communicate with target resources by using only the protocols that you have configured. IBM Systems Director Server can be used to discover network-level resources that use a communication protocol that is supported by the IBM Systems Director discovery process. The protocol that is used to discover a specific type of resource depends on the communication protocol used by that resource. A discovery protocol is any network communication protocol that is used by IBM Systems Director during the discovery process to discover a system. By default, IBM Systems Director supports the following discovery protocols: Agent manager discovery Agent manager discovery specifically targets the discovery of Tivoli common agents. In the Tivoli paradigm, Service Location Protocol (SLP) is not supported and management servers contact an agent manager that knows about the agents in their environment. You can select the agent managers that you want to use in discovery. Common Agent Services (CAS) discovery CAS discovery utilizes Service Location Protocol (SLP) discovery, with which clients can locate servers and other services on the network. Common Information Model (CIM) discovery CIM discovery utilizes the Service Location Protocol (SLP) for discovery. With CIM discovery, clients can locate servers and other services on the network. Interprocess communication (IPC) discovery IPC is the process by which programs send messages to each other. Sockets, semaphores, signals, and internal message queues are common methods of interprocess communication. IPC is also a mechanism of an operating system that enables processes to communicate with each other within the same computer or over a network. IPC leverages services that IBM Systems Director provides that components use to communicate with each other. By using these services, a server task can communicate with an agent task running on a target. Secure shell (ssh) discovery Secure shell is a Unix-based command interface and protocol for securely accessing a remote computer. With ssh discovery, you can specify either a single IP address or a range of IP addresses upon which to run discovery
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Service Location Protocol (SLP) discovery SLP is a protocol for service discovery. With SLP discovery, clients can locate servers and other services on the network. Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) discovery SNMP is a network management standard widely used in TCP/IP networks. SNMP performs management services by using a distributed architecture of management systems and agents. SNMP provides a method of managing network hosts such as workstation or server computers, routers, bridges, and hubs from a centrally-located computer running network-management software. Storage Management Initiative Specification (SMI-S) discovery With SMI-S discovery, clients can locate servers and other services on the network. It is a design specification developed by the Storage Networking Industry Association (SNIA) that specifies a secure and reliable interface with which storage management systems (SMSs) can identify, classify, monitor, and control physical and logical resources in a storage area network (SAN). The interface integrates the various devices to be managed in a storage area network (SAN) and the tools used to manage them. Windows Distributed component object model (DCOM) discovery Use Windows DCOM (an extension of the Microsoft Component Object Model (COM) to support objects distributed across a network) configuration to specify either a single IP address or a range of IP addresses upon which to run discovery. Note: Additional discovery protocols are routinely created by vendors. For more information about communicating with a device that uses a protocol that is not listed here, contact the manufacturer or software provider for that device.

Discovering systems with system discovery


Use the System Discovery task to identify systems at a specific network address or range of addresses.

System discovery
To discover systems at a specific network address or range of addresses, use system discovery. This method is useful in networks in which both broadcast and multicast messages are filtered. System discovery discovers Agentless-managed systems, Platform-Agent managed systems, and Common-Agent managed systems by sending a unicast request to one or more addresses. IBM Systems Director Server sends one request to each system at a time. System discovery provides the following functions: v Discovery based on a single IP address v Discovery based on a range of IP addresses v Discovery based on a host name After systems are discovered, they are displayed in a table for viewing. During system discovery, IBM Systems Director Server attempts to communicate with target resources by using a predetermined list of protocols.

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Performing a system discovery


Use the System Discovery task to identify systems at a specific network address or range of addresses. To perform a system discovery, complete the following steps: 1. Open the System Discovery page using either of these two methods: v On the Welcome page, click System discovery under Optional tasks. v In the IBM Systems Director Web interface navigation area, expand Inventory and then click System Discovery. The System Discovery page is displayed. 2. Select one of the following discovery methods:
Table 25. System discovery methods To do this task: Add a single IP address Complete these steps: 1. Click Single system (IP address). 2. In the IP address field, type the IP address of the system that you want to discover. 3. If you want to discover only a specific resource type, select it from the Select resource type list. 1. Click Multiple systems (Range of IP addresses). 2. For the IP address range that contains the systems that you want to discover, type the low-end IP address value in the Starting IP address field and the high-end IP address value in the Ending IP address field. 3. If you want to discover only a specific resource type, select it from the Select resource type list. 1. Click Single system (Hostname). 2. In the Hostname field, type the host name of the system that you want to discover. 3. If you want to discover only a specific resource type, select it from the Select resource type list.

Add a range of IP addresses

Add a host name of a system

3. Click Discover. The Processing discovery protocols message is displayed and the progress of the discovery process is displayed as a spinning graphic. Note: The time it takes for discovery to finish processing varies depending on such factors as network performance and the number of systems that are discovered. 4. Optional: If you want to stop the discovery process, click Stop during discovery. As systems are discovered, they are displayed in the Discovered Systems table. Note: After a resource is discovered, the virtual systems that are associated with that resource are also discovered.

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Viewing system discovery results


Use the System Discovery task to view a table that contains the results of all system discovery tasks as you run them. To view the system discovery results as you discover systems, complete the following steps: 1. Open the System Discovery page using either of these two methods: v On the Welcome page, click System discovery under Optional tasks. v In the IBM Systems Director Web interface navigation area, expand Inventory and then click System Discovery. The System Discovery page is displayed. 2. Discover systems using one of the three available methods. 3. View systems as they are discovered in the Discovered Systems table. Note: IBM Systems Director Server displays the discovery results for all discovery requests that occur on the server during your discovery request, including the results from other IBM Systems Director users who are accessing the same management server. As a result, the systems that are displayed might include additional systems that are not located at the target IP addresses or host names that you enter. When discovery is completed, all the discovered systems are displayed in the Discovered Systems table. The table will maintain the information until you exit the Systems Discovery task, at which point it is cleared.

Accessing a secured system with request access


Use the Request Access page to request access to a secured system if the management server to which you are connected has not yet authenticated to the system. You must be able to access the system before you can perform tasks or remotely access the system. Ensure that you have the correct authorization to access the secured system. Note: If any CAS or IPC access points exist on the resource, you must use this process to configure credentials for all of the agent access points, which are all access points that have an access type other than console. When the agent access points include CAS or IPC access points, using the request access task to successfully request access to the resource is all that is required to obtain access to all the agent access points. Credentials and mappings are created for the agent access points, but you cannot view or manage them. If no CAS or IPC access points exist on the resource, you have the option of using the configure access task to request access to the secured resource. Secured systems are displayed in IBM Systems Director Web interface with a padlock icon beside them in the Secured column of the systems details. After a system is accessed, the padlock disappears and additional tasks and status information are available. The Access attribute for each resource shows the current access status. You cannot request access to resources that have an access status of Offline, for which you need to instead use verify access, or OK, because you already have access to those resources and no further action is required.

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To request access to secured managed systems, complete the following steps. Note: You can select more than one system at a time as long as each requires the same user ID and password. 1. In IBM Systems Director Web interface, click Navigate Resources. 2. Navigate to the system that you want to access. 3. Right-click the system for which you want to request access and select Security Request Access. Note: Alternatively, you can select Security Configure Access and then click Request Access on the Configure Access page. 4. On the Request Access page, type the user ID and password of a user with administrator privileges on the managed system. 5. Click Request Access. Credentials are created and authenticated to the managed system in an attempt to access it. If the access request is successful, the access status for the managed system will change to OK.

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Chapter 6. Installing agents


Prepare your managed systems and environment for agent and subagent installation and then install Common Agent, Platform Agent, virtualization manager subagent, or IBM Systems Director z/VM manageability access point agent.

Preparing a Platform-Agent managed system


Before installing Platform Agent on a managed system make sure that the requirements that are applicable to your system have been met. Complete the following steps on each system to be managed with Platform Agent: 1. Set the clock on the managed system to match the time of the management server. If the managed system time is earlier than that of the management server, the management server will be unable to unlock the managed system. To avoid the problem of system-time mismatch, you can configure managed systems and the management server to synchronize their clocks using a common network time protocol (NTP) server. 2. On all managed systems that use the ssh protocol to communicate with IBM Systems Director Server, ensure that the PasswordAuthentication value in /etc/ssh/sshd_config is set to yes. So, the corresponding line in the sshd_config file will appear as follows:
PasswordAuthentication yes

Note: You must restart the ssh server for any changes made to sshd_config to take effect. Related reference RedHat chkconfig bug fix

Preparing to install Platform Agent on Linux for System x and x86-based systems
Before installing Platform Agent on a managed system running Linux for System x, make sure that your system meets all the applicable requirements. Review the following information and complete the necessary steps to prepare your system for installation: v Ensure that your system meets the hardware and software requirements for installation, as described in Hardware and software requirements. v Ensure that the instance of Common Agent will be fully functional and able to send alerts to IBM Systems Director Server. For the Common Agent to be fully functional you might need to install service-processor device drivers or the IBM LM78 and SMBus device drivers for Linux. v Ensure that the required RPMs are installed:
Table 26. Required RPMs Installation scenario Red Hat Enterprise Linux, version 4.0
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Required RPM compat-libstdc++-296-2.96-132.7.2.i386.rpm

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Table 26. Required RPMs (continued) Installation scenario Red Hat Enterprise Linux, version 5.0 Upgrading from IBM Systems Director, version 4.20 or later on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 for x86 Required RPM libXp-1.0.0-8.i386.rpm compat-libstdc++-296-2.26-138.i386.rpm rpm-4.1.1-177.9.i586.rpm

v Systems with service processors: Install the supporting device drivers and mapping layers, if they are not already installed. See Preparing to manage service processors with IBM Systems Director for information about these drivers and mapping layers. v If you want to use the Remote Session task on the managed system, make sure that the package that contains telnetd daemon is installed and configured. This package is usually in the telnet_server_version.i386.RPM package, where version is the code level of your Linux distribution. v If you want to use IBM Systems Director Server on System x for heterogeneous server management, you can install Common Agent or Platform Agent on the platforms you want to manage. You can obtain Common Agent and Platform Agent for the supported operating systems from the IBM Systems Director Web site at www.ibm.com/systems/management/director/. Related tasks Installing agents using the Agent Installation Wizard on page 111 Related reference Supported operating systems on page 31 IBM Systems Director Web page IBM Systems Director Downloads

Preparing VMware managed systems


You might need to configure certain VMware systems before you can install agents on them using the Agent Installation Wizard. Managed systems running VMware ESX require the following configuration to ensure that agents can be installed using the Agent Installation Wizard: 1. On the VMware managed system, open the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file in a text editor. 2. Locate the following line:
Ciphers aes256-cbc,aes128-cbc

3. Change the line to:


Ciphers aes256-cbc,aes128-cbc,3des-cbc

4. Save and close the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file. 5. Stop and restart the ssh daemon. Type the following command:
service sshd restart

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Preparing a Common-Agent managed system


Before installing Common Agent on a managed system, ensure that the requirements applicable to your system have been met. Complete the following steps on each system to be managed with Common Agent: On all managed systems that use the ssh protocol to communicate with IBM Systems Director Server, ensure that the PasswordAuthentication value in /etc/ssh/sshd_config is set to yes. So, the corresponding line in the sshd_config file will appear as follows:
PasswordAuthentication yes

Note: You must restart the ssh server for any changes made to sshd_config to take effect.

Obtaining licenses for Common Agent


IBM Systems Director includes licenses for up to 20 installations of Common Agent on non-IBM x86 systems. To install Common Agent on additional non-IBM x86 systems, you must obtain a license from IBM. 1. Determine which non-IBM x86 systems require Common Agent licenses. 2. Obtain licenses for each installation of Common Agent on non-IBM x86 systems from the Ready to Buy Web Page at www.ibm.com/systems/management/ director/buy.html. Related concepts License information on page 47

Preparing to install Common Agent on Linux for System x and x86-based systems
Before installing Common Agent on a managed system running Linux for System x, make sure that your system meets all the applicable requirements. Review the following information and complete the necessary steps to prepare your system for installation: v Ensure that your system meets the hardware and software requirements for installation, as described in Hardware and software requirements. v Ensure that the instance of Common Agent will be fully functional and able to send alerts to IBM Systems Director Server. For the Common Agent to be fully functional you might need to install service-processor device drivers or the IBM LM78 and SMBus device drivers for Linux. v Ensure that the required RPMs are installed:
Table 27. Required RPMs Installation scenario Red Hat Enterprise Linux, version 4.0 Red Hat Enterprise Linux, version 5.0 Upgrading from IBM Systems Director, version 4.20 or later on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 for x86 Required RPM compat-libstdc++-296-2.96-132.7.2.i386.rpm libXp-1.0.0-8.i386.rpm compat-libstdc++-296-2.26-138.i386.rpm rpm-4.1.1-177.9.i586.rpm

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v Ensure that SELinux is not set to enforce security policies prior to installing IBM Systems Director. If your server runs Red Hat Enterprise Linux version 4 or 5, SELinux might be enabled and enforcing security policies on your system. IBM Systems Director Common Agent might have trouble if SELINUX is set to enforcing. Therefore, before you install IBM Systems Director Common Agent, you must set the SELinux policy to permissive. SELinux runs in any of the following states: Disabled SELinux is disabled. You can tell that SELinux is in the disabled state by determining if any of the following conditions are true: No files exist in the /selinux/ directory. The SELINUX variable in /etc/selinux/config is set to disabled. Permissive (enabled) SELinux is enabled but not enforcing any security policies. You can tell that SELinux is in the permissive state by determining if any of the following conditions are true: The SELINUX variable in /etc/selinux/config is set to permissive. When you run the cat /selinux/enforce; echo command, it outputs a 0. Note: The echo after the cat command is required so you can read what is printed out by /selinux/enforce. Enforcing (enabled) SELinux is enabled and enforcing security policies. You can tell that SELinux is in the enforcing state by determining if any of the following conditions are true: The SELINUX variable in /etc/selinux/config is set to enforcing. When you run the cat /selinux/enforce; echo command, it outputs a 1. Note: The echo after the cat command is required so you can read what is printed out by /selinux/enforce. To set SELinux to permissive, run the following command before you install IBM Systems Director Common Agent:
/usr/sbin/setenforce Permissive

v Systems with service processors: Install the supporting device drivers and mapping layers, if they are not already installed. See Preparing to manage service processors with IBM Systems Director for information about these drivers and mapping layers. v If you want to use the Remote Session task on the managed system, make sure that the package that contains telnetd daemon is installed and configured. This package is usually in the telnet_server_version.i386.RPM package, where version is the code level of your Linux distribution. v If you want to use IBM Systems Director Server on System x for heterogeneous server management, you can install Common Agent or Platform Agent on the platforms you want to manage. You can obtain Common Agent and Platform Agent for the supported operating systems from the IBM Systems Director Web site at www.ibm.com/systems/management/director/.

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Related tasks Installing agents using the Agent Installation Wizard Related reference Supported operating systems on page 31 IBM Systems Director Web page IBM Systems Director Downloads

Preparing VMware managed systems


You might need to configure certain VMware systems before you can install agents on them using the Agent Installation Wizard. Managed systems running VMware ESX require the following configuration to ensure that agents can be installed using the Agent Installation Wizard: 1. On the VMware managed system, open the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file in a text editor. 2. Locate the following line:
Ciphers aes256-cbc,aes128-cbc

3. Change the line to:


Ciphers aes256-cbc,aes128-cbc,3des-cbc

4. Save and close the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file. 5. Stop and restart the ssh daemon. Type the following command:
service sshd restart

Installing agents using the Agent Installation Wizard


You can use the Agent Installation Wizard to install agent packages on managed systems. IBM Systems Director Server is installed with a number of agent packages that can be deployed to managed systems using the Agent Installation Wizard. These packages are located in the dynamic group Agent Package Groups and can be accessed by clicking Release Management Agents in the navigation area. You use the Agent Installation Wizard to select one of these agent packages to install and one or more systems on which to install the agent package. Then, the wizard creates an agent installation job that can be run now or scheduled. 1. Start the Agent Installation Wizard. You can start the wizard in multiple ways: v From the Welcome page, click Start. Then, click Install agents on systems. v Right-click an agent package or a managed system and select Release Management Install Agent. 2. If the Agent Installation Wizard Welcome page appears, click Next. 3. In the Agent Installation Wizard Agents page, complete the following steps: a. Select the agent package that you want to install in the Available list. b. Click Add. The selected agent package is displayed in the Selected list. Notes: v Depending on how you started the Agent Installation Wizard, one or more agent packages might already be displayed in the Selected list.

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v The Agent Installation Wizard can install only one agent package at a time. If more than one agent package is displayed in the Selected list, you will not be able to advance to the Systems page. c. Click Next. 4. In the Agent Installation Wizard Systems page, complete the following steps: a. Select the managed systems on which you want to install the agent package in the Available list. b. Click Add. The selected systems are displayed in the Selected list. Notes: v Depending on how you started the Agent Installation Wizard, one or more systems might already be displayed in the Selected list. v Depending on the agent package being installed, some selected systems might not be valid targets for installation. The wizard checks the selected systems for some or all of the following criteria to ensure that the systems are valid targets for installing the selected agent package before allowing you to continue: operating system family operating system version operating system distribution operating system name server architecture c. Click Next. 5. In the Agent Installation Wizard Summary page, review the Selected Agents and Selected Systems lists to ensure that they are correct. v If the selections are not correct, click Back and make the necessary changes. v If the selections are correct, click Finish. After you click Finish, the Run - Install Agent window opens. 6. In the Run - Install Agent window, click the Schedule tab. On this page, you can choose to run the job immediately or schedule the job to run at a later time. a. A job name is required and the Name field provides a unique default name. To change the default name, type a job name in the field. b. To run the job immediately, click Run Now and go to step 7. Otherwise, click Schedule. c. In the Schedule list, select how frequently you want the job to run. The default setting is Once. Other values are Hourly, Daily, Weekly, Monthly, Yearly, or Custom. Also, you can specify whether to run the job on the weekend. d. Select the date and time to run the job for the first time. e. Select the time range for the job to repeat. 7. Click the Notification tab. On this page you can customize a notification that is sent by e-mail. a. Select from the available criteria to customize when the e-mail notification is sent. You can specify that the e-mail be sent when one of the following criteria is met: v When the job begins v When the job competes successfully v When the job fails. You can further customize this criterion by setting either the percentage of target systems on which the job had errors or the number of systems on which the job had errors. Therefore, if the job runs

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on five systems, the job has errors on two systems, and you set the criterion threshold to 50%, the notification is not sent. v When the job receives any error. b. Type your e-mail address, e-mail server, and e-mail server port. Tip: You can provide only one e-mail address. 8. Click the Options tab. On this page you can select additional options for the job behavior. a. Select whether you want the job to run according to your management servers time or the target systems time. Tip: Make sure that you know the time and time zone to which the respective systems clocks are set. b. Select whether you want the job to fail if a system is offline or if you want the job to run when the system is online again. 9. Click OK to save the job. Click Cancel to exit from the Run window without saving the job. If the job is created successfully, a message is displayed on the page from which you started the Scheduler. If the job creation fails, a message is displayed in the Run window so that you can correct the job. The job created by the Agent Installation Wizard will transfer the agent self-extracting script and the agent response file into the /tmp directory on the target system. After the files are copied, the installation file sets are extracted into the /tmp/extract_XXXXXX directory and installed. The files are then removed after a successful installation. You need to ensure that there is sufficient space on the target system to copy the self-extracting script and extract the file sets. Refer to the space requirements as specified in Hardware requirements for systems running Common Agent or Platform Agent. Notes for AIX: v Refer to Installing Common Agent on AIX for more detail on the self-extracting script and the response file options. v For AIX server and agents, it is less space consuming to remotely install agents using NIM as explained in the IBM Systems Director Best Practices Redwiki at http://www.ibm.com/redbooks/community/display/director/ IBM+Systems+Director+6.1+for+Power+Systems. Installing with NIM does not allow the use of a response file. You can view the status of the agent installation job by clicking Task Management Active and Scheduled Jobs.

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Related tasks Preparing to install Common Agent on Linux for System x and x86-based systems on page 109 Preparing to install Platform Agent on Linux for System x and x86-based systems on page 107 Related reference Supported operating systems on page 31 SourceForge.net Open IPMI project IBM Systems Director Web page IBM Director Fails to Start Service and productivity tools SourceForge.net OpenSSH for Windows

Installing the LSI MegaRAID provider for Windows or Linux


If you have a managed system that has an LSI 1078 MegaRAID controller installed, you need to install the LSI MegaRAID provider on the managed system after installing Common Agent, Platform Agent, IBM Director Agent version 5.20, or IBM Director Core Services version 5.20. For 5.20.2 and later, IBM Systems Director supports the following managed system and configurations that need to have the LSI MegaRAID provider installed:
Server IBM System x3950 M2, machine type 7141 IBM System x3950 M2, machine type 7141 IBM System x3350, machine type 4192 RAID Controller ServeRAID-MR10k SAS/SATA Controller, part number 43W4280 ServeRAID-MR10M SAS/SATA Controller, part number 43W4339 ServeRAID-MR10i SAS/SATA Controller, part number 43W4296

The LSI MegaRAID provider can be installed on managed systems running supported versions of the following operating systems: v 5.20.3 and later: VMware ESX Server, version 3.0 v 5.20.3 and later: Red Hat Enterprise Linux, version 3.0 v Red Hat Enterprise Linux, version 4.0 v Red Hat Enterprise Linux, version 5.0 v SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 for x86 v SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 for x86 v Microsoft Windows See the Supported operating systems topic for specific versions of these operating systems that are supported. Notes:

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v For 5.20.2, the LSI MegaRAID provider is not supported for VMware operating systems. To use the LSI MegaRAID provider, upgrade the managed system to 5.20.3 or later. v The LSI MegaRAID provider is not supported for systems with Xen enabled. Common Agent, Platform Agent, IBM Director Agent version 5.20, or IBM Director Core Services version 5.20 must be installed on the managed system before installing the LSI MegaRAID provider. The following LSI MegaRAID provider packages are available for download from the IBM Systems Director Downloads Web Site:
Agent version 5.20.3 or higher 5.20.3 or higher 5.20.3 or higher 5.20.3 or higher 5.20.3 or higher 5.20.3 or higher 5.20.2 5.20.2 5.20.2 5.20.2 5.20.2 Operating system Red Hat Enterprise Linux, version 3.0 Red Hat Enterprise Linux, version 4.0 Red Hat Enterprise Linux, version 5.0 Package file name lsi_mr_hhr-00.02.G5.041.rhel3.i386.rpm lsi_mr_hhr-00.02.G5.041.rhel4.i386.rpm lsi_mr_hhr-00.02.G5.041.rhel5.i386.rpm

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 for lsi_mr_hhr-00.02.G5.04x86 1.sles9.i586.rpm SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 for x86 Microsoft Windows Red Hat Enterprise Linux, version 4.0 Red Hat Enterprise Linux, version 5.0 lsi_mr_hhr-00.02.G5.041.sles10.i386.rpm LSI_MR_HHR-WS3200.02.G5.04.exe lsi_mr_hhr-90.00.05.381.rhel4.i386.rpm lsi_mr_hhr-90.00.05.381.rhel5.i386.rpm

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 for lsi_mr_hhr-90.00.05.38x86 1.sles9.i586.rpm SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 for x86 Microsoft Windows lsi_mr_hhr-90.00.05.381.sles10.i386.rpm lsi_mr_hhr-WS32-90.00.05.38.exe

To install the LSI MegaRAID provider, complete the following steps. 1. Download the installation package from the IBM Systems Director Downloads Web Site at www.ibm.com/systems/management/director/downloads/. 2. Change to the directory to which you saved the installation package on the Platform-Agent managed system. 3. Linux only: Type the following command:
rpm -ivh package_name

where package_name is the file name of the installation package. The status of the installation is displayed. 4. Windows only, agent version 5.20.3 or later: Complete the following steps: a. Run the downloaded package. b. Click Next. c. Click Install. 5. Windows only, agent version 5.20.2: Complete the following steps:
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a. Run the downloaded package. No user interaction is required. b. Run the IndicationSubscription.bat batch file. This file is located in one of the following directories: v C:\Program Files\Common Files\IBM\ICC\cimom\bin v C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\IBM\ICC\cimom\bin c. Shut down and restart Windows. Related reference Supported operating systems on page 31 IBM Systems Director Downloads

Installing virtualization manager subagents


Use these instructions to install the IBM Systems Director virtualization manager subagent on the required host systems in your environment. Common Agent must be installed on the system where you plan to install IBM Systems Director virtualization manager subagent.

Installing virtualization manager subagents using the installation wizard


You can access and install virtualization manager subagents from the Release Management section of the IBM Systems Director Web interface. Common Agent must be installed on the system where you plan to install IBM Systems Director virtualization manager subagent. To install IBM Systems Director virtualization manager subagent on the host system using the installation wizard, complete the following steps: 1. In the IBM Systems Director navigation pane, expand Release management. 2. Click Agents. 3. On the Agents page, click Common Agent Subagent Packages. 4. From the Common Agent Subagent Packages view, select the subagent that you want to install. You can choose from the following list of subagent packages:
Virtualization manager subagent Subagent for VMware ESX Server 3.x and 3.5.x Subagent for Microsoft Virtual Server Subagent for VMware VirtualCenter 1.4.x Subagent for VMware VirtualCenter 2.x and 2.5.x Common Agent subagent package CommonAgentSubagent_VSM_ESX3x-6.1.0 CommonAgentSubagent_VSM_MSVS-6.1.0 CommonAgentSubagent_VSM_VC14x-6.1.0 CommonAgentSubagent_VSM_VC2x-6.1.0

Note: Xen hosts do not require a virtualization manager subagent to be installed. All Xen virtual server management capabilities are provided through the Platform Agent. 5. When you have selected the subagent you want to install, click Actions from the menu bar, and select Release Management Install Agent. 6. Complete the instructions in the installation wizard to install the appropriate virtualization manager subagent on your host system.

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7. When the installation is complete, right-click on the host system in Navigate Resources, and select Security Verify Connection. When this task is complete, you can access virtualization manager tasks.

Installing virtualization manager subagents manually


You can locate virtualization manager subagents on IBM Systems Director Server and install them manually on host systems in your environment. To install IBM Systems Director virtualization manager subagent on the host system, complete the following steps: 1. Copy the IBM Systems Director virtualization manager subagent to the host system by completing the following steps: a. Locate the subagent in the following directory path on the IBM Systems Director Server: Director/tpm/repository/ where Director is the path where IBM Systems Director is installed. The default location is: v Linux: /opt/ibm/director/tpm/repository v Windows: C:\Program Files\IBM\Director\tpm\repository Each subagent has a directory that begins with CommonAgentSubagent_VSM_. For example, the ESX3 subagent is in directory CommonAgentSubagent_VSM_ESX3x_6.1.0. Each directory has one ZIP file that contains the feature for that subagent. See the following example:
repository\ CommonAgentSubagent_VSM_ESX3x_6.1.0\ vsmesx3x_subagent.zip CommonAgentSubagent_VSM_MSVS_6.1.0\ vsmmsvs_subagent.zip CommonAgentSubagent_VSM_VC14x_6.1.0\ vsmvc14x_subagent.zip CommonAgentSubagent_VSM_VC2x_6.1.0\ vsmvc2x_subagent.zip

b. Copy the appropriate ZIP file to a temporary directory on the host system, such as c:\temp\site or /tmp/site. For example,
c:\temp\site\vsmesx3x_subagent.zip

2. Install the IBM Systems Director virtualization manager subagent on the host system, by completing the following steps: a. Change directory to the host system bin directory for your operating system: v Windows: c:\program files\ibm\director\agent\bin v xLinux (VMware ESX Server): /opt/ibm/director/agent/bin b. Run the install tool, as follows: Note: Line indents indicate a continuation of the preceding line. Both lines are intended to go all on one line. VMware ESX Server 3.0
./lwiupdatemgr.sh -installFeatures -featureId com.ibm.director. vsm.esx3x.agent -fromSite jar:file:/tmp/site/vsmesx3x_subagent.zip\!/site.xml -toSite "file:/opt/ibm/director/agent/runtime/agent/subagents/ eclipse/"

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VMware VirtualCenter 1.4


lwiupdatemgr -installFeatures -featureId com.ibm.director.vsm. vc14x.agent -fromSite jar:file:/c:/temp/site/vsmvc14x_subagent.zip!/site.xml -toSite "file:/c:/program files/ibm/director/agent/runtime/agent/ subagents/eclipse/"

VMware VirtualCenter 2.0


lwiupdatemgr -installFeatures -featureId com.ibm.director.vsm. vc2x.agent -fromSite jar:file:/c:/temp/site/vsmvc2x_subagent.zip!/site.xml -toSite "file:/c:/program files/ibm/director/agent/runtime/agent/ subagents/eclipse/"

Microsoft Virtual Server


lwiupdatemgr -installFeatures -featureId com.ibm.director.vsm. msvs.agent -fromSite jar:file:/c:/temp/site/vsmmsvs_subagent.zip!/site.xml -toSite "file:/c:/program files/ibm/director/agent/runtime/agent/ subagents/eclipse/"

where tmp/site or temp/site is the name of the temporary directory you have created. 3. Verify that the IBM Systems Director virtualization manager subagent was installed successfully. Refer to the following error logs: v Windows: Director\agent\logs\*.log v Linux: Director/agent/logs/*.log where Director is the path where IBM Systems Director is installed. 4. Stop and restart the Common Agent to activate the IBM Systems Director virtualization manager subagent by running the following script files: v Windows: Director\agent\runtime\agent\bin\endpoint.bat stop Director\agent\runtime\agent\bin\endpoint.bat start v Linux: Director/agent/runtime/agent/bin/endpoint.sh stop Director/agent/runtime/agent/bin/endpoint.sh start where Director is the path where IBM Systems Director is installed.

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Licensees of this program who wish to have information about it for the purpose of enabling: (i) the exchange of information between independently created programs and other programs (including this one) and (ii) the mutual use of the information which has been exchanged, should contact: IBM Corporation MW9A/050 5600 Cottle Road San Jose, CA 95193 U.S.A. Such information may be available, subject to appropriate terms and conditions, including in some cases, payment of a fee. The licensed program described in this information and all licensed material available for it are provided by IBM under terms of the IBM Customer Agreement, IBM International Program License Agreement, or any equivalent agreement between us. Any performance data contained herein was determined in a controlled environment. Therefore, the results obtained in other operating environments may vary significantly. Some measurements may have been made on development-level systems and there is no guarantee that these measurements will be the same on generally available systems. Furthermore, some measurements may have been estimated through extrapolation. Actual results may vary. Users of this document should verify the applicable data for their specific environment. Information concerning non-IBM products was obtained from the suppliers of those products, their published announcements or other publicly available sources. IBM has not tested those products and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance, compatibility or any other claims related to non-IBM products. Questions on the capabilities of non-IBM products should be addressed to the suppliers of those products. All statements regarding IBMs future direction or intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. This information contains examples of data and reports used in daily business operations. To illustrate them as completely as possible, the examples include the names of individuals, companies, brands, and products. All of these names are fictitious and any similarity to the names and addresses used by an actual business enterprise is entirely coincidental. If you are viewing this information softcopy, the photographs and color illustrations may not appear.

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common law trademarks in other countries. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at Copyright and trademark information at www.ibm.com/legal/copytrade.shtml. Adobe, the Adobe logo, PostScript, and the PostScript logo are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States, and/or other countries. Intel, Intel logo, Intel Inside, Intel Inside logo, Intel Centrino, Intel Centrino logo, Celeron, Intel Xeon, Intel SpeedStep, Itanium, and Pentium are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Java and all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States, other countries, or both. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or both. Microsoft and Windows are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries. Other company, product, or service names may be trademarks or service marks of others.

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