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INTRODUCTION TO ICT IN EDUCATION

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WHAT ARE ICTS?


Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are technological tools and resources that are used to communicate, and to create, disseminate, store, and manage information . C. Blurton
Radio Television Telephony (landlines and cellular/mobile phones) Computers Internet

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TYPES OF ICTS:
ICTs refers to computers and computer related devices and processes used for information and communication purposes.
Examples of these include computers, peripherals such as digital cameras, computer software, and aspects of the Internet and WWW that utilize digital multimedia and hypermedia technologies

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DEFINITION
Combining of all technology parts, such as hardware and software, together with each subject-related area of curriculum to enhance learning Establish connections between subject matter and the real world. Technology integration is using technology to help meet the curriculum standards and learners outcomes of each lesson, unit or activities.

HISTORY OF ICT
http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/27704

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GIVE YOUR THOUGHT


Give a situation in your daily life where you need the ICT most

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WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION?


Case 1 Ms Normala has found a number of photographs of insects which she wishes to show to students in her biology class. However some of the photos are small and would be difficult to pass around the class to discuss

WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION?


Case 2 Ms Jesmine teaches geography and has always found it difficult to motivate her students to learn about other countries. Her friends recommended to her a popular instructional simulation role play software, in which the students play detective to help solve mysteries involving knowledge of geography. She designed her own worksheets to supplement the computer based material.

WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION?


Case 3 Mr Syamsul finds that he does not have enough time to help his weaker students during regular class time, so he has assigned to them an assortment of computer based activities carefully chosen by him to give the students more exposure and practice in the areas they need the most assistance. This software also has a record keeping features which allow him to check their progress through the activities.

INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGY INTO THE CURRICULUM


Technology is a tool that creates valuable learning experiences for many different types of learners

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WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION?


Technology cannot enhance learning unless teachers know how to use and integrate technology into curriculum of specific discipline areas

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WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION?


The function ICT in school is not primarily to promote computer literacy or because technology is the wave of future or it will be good for students to use computer. The function of technology in schools is to enhance teaching and learning. The most effective approach is for solving instructional problem.

INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGY INTO THE CURRICULUM


Technology can motivate students and increase class attendance Technology must be integrated into the curriculum
Identify goals Develop innovative ways to teach a diverse population of learners with different learning styles

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CHANGING INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES


Teachers are shifting from being the dispenser of knowledge to being the facilitator of learning Students can accomplish learning with the teachers assistance Learning is not just storage of knowledge, but includes problem solving

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5 AREAS WHERE ICTS CAN CONTRIBUTE TO EDUCATION:


Expanding access Promoting efficiency Improving the quality of learning Enhancing the quality of teaching Improving management systems

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EXPANDING ACCESS TO EDUCATION WITH ICTS


Broadcast technologies have been used to reach geographically dispersed populations Distance education and open learning: providing education to marginalized sectors (e.g., women, persons with disabilities) and non-traditional learners (adults)

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EXPANDING ACCESS TO EDUCATION


Digital divide

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PROMOTING EFFICIENCY WITH ICTS


Supplementing conventional delivery mechanisms to make educational provision more cost-effective Increasing learning time without extending classroom time through self-study modules, educational TV and radio programs, interactive software

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IMPROVING EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT WITH ICTS


Improving educational management with ICTs
Facilitating collection and analysis of data Improving flow of information and communication Facilitating decentralization and devolution

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IMPROVING LEARNING WITH ICTS


Motivating students/Engaging students in the learning process
Through multisensory stimulation By providing authentic information

IMPROVING LEARNING WITH ICTS


Facilitating acquisition of basic skills through drill-andpractice
Educational TV Computer-assisted instruction

Fostering inquiry and exploration


Virtual tours Simulations

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IMPROVING LEARNING WITH ICTS


Developing skills that are necessary for the 21 st century workplace:
technological literacy information literacy communication skills problem solving skills the ability to handle dynamic situations the ability to work collaboratively with others

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ICTS AND IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF TEACHING


Teacher training at a distance Teacher support (e.g., teaching resources online, teacher networks) Teacher empowerment to be creative, to innovate

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ON ICTS AND TEACHERS


Educational technology is not, and never will be, transformative on its owncomputers cannot replace teachersteachers are the key to whether technology is used appropriately and effectively.
Carlson and Gadio, 2002, p. 119

CHALLENGES TO THE USE OF ICT


Lack of teacher training Security constraints Lack of administration support Limited time for teacher planning Placement of computers in remote locations Budget constraints Lack of high-speed school networks Basic resistance to change

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CHALLENGES TO THE USE OF ICT


Knowledge & understanding of ICT among administrator & principle Access to learning opportunities, quality content Teachers & administrator ICT skill Sufficient equipments Effective ICT integration in the classroom teaching

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CHALLENGES TO THE USE OF ICT


Limited time for practice, Congested computer labs, Absence of ICT teachers, Limited skills in ICT for most learners, Very old computers with outdated operating systems

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STRATEGIES FOR TEACHING WITH TECHNOLOGY


Best strategy is to put the technology in the hands of trained teachers. Easily accessible Let them decide how best to use it in the classroom Provide consistent application of technology tools to support instructional curriculum area Give every student the opportunity to work with computers and related technologies. Careful planning

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THE ROLE OF THE SCHOOL DISTRICT


Technology plan
Outline of procedure for purchasing equipment and software Training teachers to use and then integrate technology into their classroom curriculum Plans often updated every one to three years

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THE ROLE OF THE SCHOOL DISTRICT


Mentorship program
Teaming new teachers with experienced teachers to learn to integrate technology resources.

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PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM


Decide on most appropriate technology to achieve desired learner outcomes Plan how they will teach the curriculum. What areas they need to cover for content. Where they can use technology to meet learning objectives. Preparing the classroom environment

PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM


One-Computer Classroom
Maximize effectiveness of one computer Projection screens Interactive whiteboard Used to introduce topics rather than specific skills. A good instructional strategy for the classroom computer is to introduce students to various types of software and create learning paths before taking the class to the computer lab.

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PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM


Two-Computer Classroom
Develop a strategy to manage both computers One computer mainly used for research on the internet, presentation etc. The other computer might be used as a writing center or for students to create multimedia projects.

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PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM


More Than Two Computers
Arrange classroom into learning centers. through which groups of students can rotate as they complete projects or activities.

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PLANNING FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM


Using a Computer Lab and the Media Center
Advantages
One computer per student Hands-on Tutorials Remediation Cooperative learning Computer skill instruction Internet research Whole class instruction Integrated learning systems (ILS)

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WHAT STUDENTS WANT IN A LEARNING ENVIRONMENT


Teacher to have an in-depth knowledge in their field Faculty ability to use technology Effectively Dont overuse the technology

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INTERACTION
STUDENTS LEARN FROM THINKING THINKING IS ENGAGED BY ACTIVITY

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