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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT Chapter I INTRODUCTION Sports is the toy department of human life.

This is a quote from an American sports journalist, Howard Cosell. What he wanted to mean in his statement is that sports can be a source of enjoyment to human beings because of the different factors such as money, fame, health, body, hobby, self-esteem and relationships. According to Maslows hierarchy of needs, the most fundamental and basic four layers of the pyramid: esteem, love, security, and psychological needs, can also be met through sports. Way back in the Ancient Greece when people learned to be purposive, sportive and active beings, sports has shown not only the changes in the human body but also revealed the improvements in the society. The rise of the society was the rise of architecture as well. It is the living evidence that sports has been a great part of human beings life in the past and still continues in the present. There are sports were people attempt to push the physical boundaries. These are what you call extreme sports. These extreme sports tend to take the adrenaline rush and excitement to the next level. It began as early in the 1950s when people continue to search for more high-risk sports. It evolved though time to make the new sports safer but still performed at a greater level of difficulty. Extreme sport is classified into land, air, and water. The World Wakeboard Association establish in 1989 was created by the wake boarders for the advancement and progression of
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT wakeboarding. Their goal is to make wakeboarding, which is an example of extreme sport, be known to the world. Russia, Singapore, Egypt, India, Qatar and Malaysia are few of the wakeboarding spots where the Wakeboarding World Cup was held. The World Cup series aim to bring the best water sport athletes to high-populated, international urban environments to bring more exposure to these sports. In the Philippines, composing of 7, 107 islands surrounded by bodies of waters, it is said to be one of the perfect places where water sporting events can happen. Camsur Watersports Complex (CWC) is a watersports park designed for wakeboarding, water skating, and waterskiing. Last October 2006, they have hosted the first Philippine Cable Wakeboard Nationals. The extreme watersports then became popular to the whole country of Philippines. Many wakeboard parks were built like first cable park, Lago de Oro in Batangas, Deca Wakeboarding Park in Davao, Deca Wakeboarding Park in Clark, Pampanga, some resorts in Boracay and Cebu has it too, and the latest is the Republic Wake Park in Nuvali, Laguna. A Philippine Wake School was also established to promote more the sport and to produce world class wake boarders and wake skaters in the Philippines.

1.1

Background and Nature of the Project Incorporating sports with the Philippine tourism is what the group of private individuals from different businesses envisioned to acquire more business opportunities in the country. In 2008,
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT theyve seen that surfing is one of the sports that urges in the country but unfortunately, they find it hard to market. Then the sport of cable wakeboarding was born on the surface of the Philippine waters. Many cable parks arouse and they appealed to the market. These cable parks that are mostly located in the southern provinces and cities became hot spots during the summer. The sport became popular as well as the resorts and the places near to the wake parks benefited with it. But these parks are more operational only during summer because the other months of the year are rainy season.

Another concern of the CWC is that there is the growth of the sport but there isnt any development in the facilities needed and required by the CWWC World Rules in Cable Wakeboard & Wake skate. One facility needed is a training gym that would let a beginner to try the sport in a safer place and water before it could proceed to the real wakeboard obstacle. It also serves as practice gym to the professional wakeboarders. Wakeboarding is fun but it could also risk the lives and safety of the wakeboard riders therefore a medical clinic is a must to give first aid solutions in every wakeboard park.

1.2

Statement of the Problem Even though the promotion of the water sports was accomplished in the country, there are still some deficiencies to
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT fulfill for them to be able to attain their goals. They still lack in facilities and equipments which could help the athletes and watersports riders to improve their performances. And if they wanted that Philippines to host more international competitions, then their design and facilities should also be an international design, and could accommodate lots of people. It is not only the athletes that should be internationally competitive but also the physical infrastructure as well. It is well seen in our history that architecture played a large role in defining the sports, the people and the place. It would also be applicable in the modern times that the local athletes and the countrys architecture and infrastructures, together will uplift the name and glory of the country.

Philippines weather for these kinds of sports is only fun and safe during the summer. Rain could cause delays in any sporting event. In the other countries, they have built a water sports complex that is roof-covered and has bleachers, with the other complete amenities needed both by the athletes or riders, and the visitors or guests, and audience. It is like a stadium but this one is more likely to have water for extreme water sports like wakeboarding, water skating, waterskiing, indoor surfing, etc. The project entails to design a cable wakeboard park with training facilities and resort that would cater all the water sports included in the international water sports competition. It will be
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT the venue if the Philippines would host another year for the world competition but also will serve as the training ground and fun water complex for the local athletes and even for non-athletes. It will have an indoor wakeboard training center so it can be used during the day or even at night. Lighting and acoustics would also play a major role in putting aesthetic and effects to the water gymnasium. Having an indoor complex operational anytime of the day and night and in any weather would also be source of jobs and more income to the businesses. People who has work in the morning and has spare time only at night could still have a chance to play his or her favorite water sport during the night operations.

1.3

Project Objectives The World Wakeboard Association and Philippine Wake School share same goals and that is to introduce wakeboarding and other extreme watersports to the world and to support the talented athletes to join in international competitions which also could be a key to unite communities and riders from the different countries. Thus the project aims to: a) Have an indoor watersports gymnasium where beginners as well as professional can use during daytime and night time.

BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT b) Provide a training center specialized for the different water sports so that anyone interested in the sport can learn from the basics to the professional level. c) Provide a modern and complete sporting facility that riders can use to develop their skill in different water sports so that they could be able to represent the country for national and international cup series and be the ultimate wakeboard champions. d) Enable the Philippines host more water sporting events and international competitions and boost the tourism and business opportunities. e) Promote the Philippines to be the capital of extreme watersports which will be another reason why it is more fun in the Philippines.

1.4

Significance of the Project The purpose of having a cable wakeboard park with indoor water gymnasium and training center is not just to benefit the business owners and employers but as well as the riders or the costumers. It is not just to promote the countries or cities tourism. This could be chance for people to engage themselves to sports to make them healthier and stronger. Most of the people playing sports have less chances of getting illnesses for this is a type of exercise. And aside from its health benefiting factors, it gives opportunities to people to go in a one place where they can
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT meet new people or even strengthen their relationships with others. In all ages, men and women can work in camaraderie when they get involved to the association. And being part of the team that competes with the other countries could give them a chance to bring pride and be the pride of your own country.

1.5

Project Scope and Limitation The Bliss which is a Cable Wake Park and Resort shall be the new ultimate venue for extreme water sporting events. As such, it shall encompass the following: Income-generating facilities like restaurants, sports shops, souvenir shops, rent of equipments, concessions or food stalls, caf, etc Accommodating facilities like cottages, rooms, villas, lodging area Watersports training facilities and equipments like trampoline, cables and ropes, indoor pool and obstacles Water technologies such as water jet pumps, wave and wind generators, surf stimulators Eco-design strategies like applying day lighting and use of sustainable materials Planning and zoning with respect with the intangible qualities that the site has

BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT Green technologies such as solar panels, solar tubes, rainwater catchments Water facilities such as pools and man-made lakes Basic facilities like shower areas, toilets, locker areas, massage, spa and Jacuzzi Recreations halls for other events Medical facilities like clinics Support facilities including administration offices, organization offices, association offices, rental offices The site in Batangas possesses a government that is relatively organized in terms of the data and statistics of its development. Likewise, the World Wakeboard Association, Asian Wakeboard Association and the Water ski and Wakeboarding Association of the Philippines (WWASP) are active and existing entities that possess substantial sources of information as well. This study will focus primarily on the information provided by the aforementioned public and private institutions, and secondarily on other sources and experiences obtained in existing and theoretical models here and abroad.

It shall not include the study of the developments immediately outside the station periphery, but they may be included in the site development overview.

BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT Chapter II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE/STUDIES

1. Julia Czerniak and George Hargreaves, Large Parks, Princeton Architectural Press; 1 edition, 2007 The book is consists with eight essays covering about large urban parks in depth as complex cultural spaces where it also tackles the key issues of landscape discourse, ecological challenges, social history, urban relations, and place-making are writ large. They chronologically discussed the transitions and evolutions of different parks from the past, the present, and up to the future projects. From the historic parks in New York, the Central Park and Pariss Bois de Boulogne up to the contemporary projects such as Toronto's

Downsview Park and Staten Island's Fresh Kills, to newly unveiled and yet-to-be-built projects such as Ken Smith's ambitious plans for the Orange County Great Park, Large Parks highlights the complexities and unique considerations that go into designing these massive and culturally significant works. These cited parks showed the comparisons between historical or contemporary perspective organized around criteria such as built versus un-built, urban versus peripheral, or competition-sponsored versus commission-based.

2. Fran J. Donegan and David, Short Pools & Spas: Ideas for Planning, Designing, and Landscaping, Creative Homeowner; First edition, 2003 The book was informative about how to plan and design ones outdoor landscapes. This book shall be beneficial for the project for it
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT could add ideas for the beautification of the recreational and amenities in the site. It also taught everything that has to be known in planning, directions, and lay outing, and designing, kinds of pools, construction and materials, up to the maintenance of swimming pools.

3. Jerry Yudelson, Green Building A to Z: Understanding the Language of Green Building, New Society Publishers, 2007 The fast growing trend in the world especially in architecture is Green building. This book covers all things about designing green structures; from planning strategies to the materials and advanced technologies. Some of the most famous technologies are the solar panels, wind turbines, green roofing, water treatment pumps, permeable pavements, etc. all are discussed in this book. It does not only give the solutions but it also cited cases and their impacts to the environment. Certification of the building, how it was certified, reasons why it was certified were also covered by the authors. This would be helpful in deciding as to what strategies and materials are to be used in the project to achieve its goal to be an ecofriendly structure to the environment. As long as its aim is to conserve water and energy and does lasts long, it could be considered as a product of green innovation.

4. Christian Schittich, In Detail: Cost-Effective Building (Economic concepts and constructions), Birkhuser Architecture; 1 edition, 2003

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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT From the title of the book itself, it is about cost-effective buildings. Despite of the tight budgets on materials and construction, there are still ways on how a structure can be a beautiful, useful and strong building. Because cost-effective building requires that special attention be paid to the overall planning and implementation these processes are examined comprehensively in specialist contributions and project documentations, from office organization through the design phase and the coordination of implementation planning, on to ultimate realization. The solution was only to extend the use of standardized products to innovative and individual solutions for details.

5. Colin Porteous, The New Eco-Architecture: Alternatives from the Modern Movement, Taylor & Francis, 2002 The book is full with photos and illustrations which explain how to plan and design your structures with more effective alternatives rather than supporting the modern movement in designs. Each examples shown in the book was studied and analyzed in relation to current issues of architectural sustainability. The main point was to still to design not only for the sake of modernity and aesthetics but also to adapt green solutions and other disciplines engaged with the built natural environment. Most of the lectures were about considering the sun light and air directions. Passive cooling is still the key for proper ventilations on structures and the choice of materials with the new construction
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT techniques can decide for the long life span of any structure that is to be built. 6. Gregg D. Ander, FAIA, Daylighting Performance and Design second edition, Wiley; 2 edition, 2003 Daylighting is the process of incorporating natural lighting into the design of buildings. This edition of the book shared details on theory, calculations, and execution crystal clear with straight-to-thesolution examples and uncluttered language. The book covers day lighting strategies, materials, and methods of construction, including significant advances in lighting and day lighting technology. Daylighting is one main focus in the project for it is also a strategy in conserving energy, in this case, conservation of electrical powered lights. Theres hands-on look at pragmatic yet innovative solutions to creating day lighting as the presented case study after case study in a unique design-manual format that includes ample illustrations and white space for sketches and notes. Among the topics covered by this award-winning architect are:

environmentally sensitive design goals design strategies integration with electric lighting systems calculation procedures and thoroughly articulated case studies

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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT 7. Sage Russell, The Light of Architecture: Architectural Lighting Design Concepts and Techniques, Conceptnine, 2008 The book merges fundamental lighting knowledge with graphic techniques for generating and communicating lighting design. The textbook features 28 chapters divided into three parts: the fundamentals of light, designing light, and deliverable, and presents procedures that architects and designers can follow to develop an architectural lighting solution that enhances the design intent of a project. Case studies are also involved in the book with photos and explanations for clearer understanding of the techniques that are to be used in a project. Lighting is also essential for it can set the mood in a place. Good lighted places can also mean safety for the users. It adds aesthetic to structures and landscapes at night time and more over, it is highly needed in projects like cable wakeboard parks so that even the day has ended, this facility can still be used over night.

8. Zbigniew Bromberk, Eco-Resorts: Planning and Design for the Tropics, Architectural Press, 2009 The book is a design guide for low impact, environmentally friendly tourist resorts in the tropics. It gives practical ideas as to design structures that would work with a tropical climate and meet the needs and expectations of the client and building inhabitants. The book includes both architectural design and material solutions, supported by theoretical principles, to present a sustainable approach to resort
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT design. Through illustrations, it was able to show how principles of sustainable design have been successfully applied in tropical environments. It does not necessarily require large energy input and too much money, to achieve the green building standards. The has also Demonstrated design practices related to site planning and layout, and re-assesses best practices for a tropical environment, allowing architects to apply design principles to their own projects. There are also international case studies from several countries to illustrate best practice from a variety of tropical climate destinations around the world.

9. William Warren et al and Luca Invernizzi Tettoni, Tropical Asian Style, Periplus Editions; Paperback with Flaps edition, 2007 This book showcases contemporary residences throughout Southeast Asia, from Chiang Mai to Bali and Kuala Lumpur to Java. Descriptively, the book cited different planning strategies and aesthetic designs of each resorts possess to become known to the world and how it affected one countrys tourism. Silks, batiks, terra-cotta tiles and lacquer wares from Thailand and Indonesia; stone garden sculptures from Bali; and antique furniture from Java are only a few examples of the many beautiful items examined and illustrated in this book. The designs of the resorts were to achieve perfect harmony with its tropical surroundings and once again, taught how these tropical structures was able to conserve energy and resources but was not aesthetically eliminated.
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT

10. Christian Burchard and Felix Flesche, Water House, Prestel Publishing, 2005 The life for future generations is the concern of this book. It stated that aqua-life is the best slogan for the future dwelling habitats as people would want to escape in the cities over-crowded, dry land and who are in search of greater freedom. Urban planner, architects and engineers envisioned that the future generation will dream of a culture in close with nature wherein it can offer abundance of natural resources in watery environment. Examples of modern aquatic designed settlements are discussed and shown in this book. One of the featured projects is a hotel in Le Meridien, Bora Bora, French Polynesia designed by Jean Hugues Tricard and DL2A Didier Lefort Architects Associes. The project was a luxury hotel on stilts in the turquoise blue lagoon and with white sandy beaches. It is consists of eighty-five wooden bungalows with spacious bedrooms, a bathroom with a view of the lagoon, and a terrace with a jetty and steps leading down to the water. It has reed awning in front of the bungalow where guest can lounge under or just admire the underwater world through the glass floor inside. If looking at the Philippines history, this kind of settlements even started with our tribal communities who lived near or on water where there primary source of life is fishing. The fact that the Philippines island surrounded by water, and that we are rich in natural

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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT resources used in stilts construction, we are then capable of adapting this kind of structures in our country.

11. Donald Albrencht, New Hotels for Global Nomads, Merrell Publishers, 2003 The book began with an essay about upscale hotel planning, its trends and influences. It has 45 examples of hotels and discusses each detail about how it was planned and designed by citing descriptions and showing the floor plans and other photos. One article is about the New Hotel for Mainstream Eco-Tourism. Todd Dallan, a principal of FTL, the New York design and engineering firm, proposed this new project planned for a beachfront in Costa Rica. Everything was designed for minimal environmental impact. The resort offers different activities but he did not include golf and tennis for these sports require razing or paving a vast land areas and large quantities of water and pesticides. The pool as well was nonchlorinated. He also considered the use of mechanical systems such as solar powered heating systems, insulating glass windows, composting toilets, solar panels, fresh water cisterns and gray water system for toilet flush and irrigation. He also uses a fabric roofs which are waterproof and ecologically sound due to its long lifespan though its downside is it does not entirely block sound. To give solution to the problem, he provided plants to serve as buffer zones. Dallan said that, The perception of being in the vanguard is important to eco-tourists.
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT They know they are participating in a capitalistic venture, but are a capitalistic venture with vision and conscience.

12. Elinando B. Cinco. (July 10, 2011). Wakeboarding competition, Manila Bulletin, Retrieved March 9, 2012,

http://mb.com.ph/node/326255/wakeboarding-competition The newspaper article began its story by the history of wakeboarding in the Philippines. Wakeboarding was introduced by Governor LRay Villafuerte Jr. in Camarines Sur. After its proclamation, it then started to become the Bicols tourist drawer. The popularization of the sport follows the establishments of wake parks in country. Nuvalis Republic Wake Park was the latest cable wake park that was built in Laguna. This idea threatened

Camsurs constituents and the governor for it might take away the profitable business from them. In the email statement from the governor of Camsur, he was able to say the beneficial factors of wakeboarding to their place and to the countrys tourism. The fear of Camsurs governor may be true for Nuvalis Republic Wake Park is not just near the center of the country but because it is new, it possesses the most innovative designs and better equipments and facilities. The President of the Philippine Wakeboard Association and a member of the Asian Wakeboarding Council has even thought and decided that LRay can easily convince the World Wakeboarding Association to hold its competition this year or the next
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT in Nuvali. It clearly showed that technology has a big advantage in getting clients, having more income, and producing better designs and comfort to the users.

13. RUSH Training Center. (2010). Wakeboard Training, March 9, 2012, http://www.rush-tc.com/site/wake.html RUSH training Center is a wakeboard training gym in Northern California. It is the first indoor wakeboard and wake surf training and lessons facility. You can learn the sport in a progressive, controlled instructional environment both on and off the water. It uses innovative state of the art training equipments, competition trampoline, foam pit and professional instruction that allow the beginners as well as the advanced riders to master the fundamentals necessary to progress with safety. After the beginners train in the training gym and knew the techniques that would only be the time that the rider can take it to the next level and apply the skills learned on water.

14. CableWakeboard.com (2009). How To Build a Cable Park, March 9, 2012, http://cablewakeboard.com/pages/how-to/ This article gave some tips on selecting the proper venue for cable wakeboard parks like site must realistically be able to support a lake, utilities, and all related building and structural facilities. It stated that the site has to have at least 6 acres (about 2-3 hectares) of water is the about minimum lake size, but it also must be in a certain shape and
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT you will need room for a building and parking. In general you need around 8 x12 acres (about 3-4 hectares) of land minimum. Moreover, the article cited the basic information as to where to start, where to look for a site, if pre-existing lake is fine to use, how much space needed, if it can be built on salt water, How much a cable system cost, manufacture of cableway systems, how many people can use a cable system, how many towers are required, how tall do the towers stand, what should the shape of the lake and the cable system be, etc. 15. ActionSports Northwest . (2012). Portland Action Sports Complex and Resort, March 9, 2012, http://www.pdxactionsports.com/ The article discussed the proposed sports complex located in Portland. It is said to be highly sustainable sports complex and resort. The facilities included are surfing, skateboarding, bmx biking, rock climbing, kayaking, and white water rafting in one location. The facility would also include family friendly activities, including water slides, tubing, instruction and camps. It is also a LEED certified design of ecologically responsible, sustainable development. The entire development would be a destination resort that could become the athletic center of the city, providing an excellent range of facilities for local residents and serving as a model of how to develop for the next generation of active sports in a sustainable manner. It does not only strive to install the most advanced and forward thinking sports facilities, but also utilize the most current thinking on energy and heat

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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT generation, storm water and gray water management and reuse, and ecologically responsible materials and methods.

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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT Chapter III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY In order to arrive at a reliable and absolute data, and extensive research process is required and this holds true to any given research problem that calls for efficient solutions. The researcher shall hence come up with a systematic methodology of tackling the research process. As this project focuses with the development of cable wakeboard park and training center with resort, it entails a lot of statistical details, user characteristics information, and various backgrounds that shall be useful in governing the design process of the project as a whole.

1.1 Research Design 1.1.1 Historical Research History means the search for knowledge and truth. It involves past experiences in able to seek solutions to know what is to be done for the present and future. By describing the past events and gathered facts from the studies before, researchers can then learn from the errors from the past and improve more their present studies. The methods of historical research shall include formulating the problem, gathering source materials, and criticizing the resource materials. Historical research method is very useful for this project since it will cover the cable wakeboard parks that already exists and has become a part of the countrys sports history and tourism.
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT By doing a historical research of the said topic, the researcher then shall be able to know the origin of the sport, where and how it was started, the first designs of the cable wake parks, the used technologies from before up to the transition of modern technologies invented. The history of the entities

aforementioned shall help in determining how to develop the present studies without committing the same mistakes before and be of great help for further studies by the future researchers.

1.1.2

Descriptive research Descriptive study entails gathering information about the present and existing conditions for an investigator to analyze and describe the nature of a situation and explores the cause of the particular phenomena. It generally starts with a problem and creates a hypothesis. Hypotheses are questions needed to be answered through collecting data. To obtain descriptive information, the following are needed to be done: Observation. researcher The and communication the participants between chosen the for

investigation is the key and salient aim of this method. Use of devices. These devices are also called descriptive survey instruments whereas; these are

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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT used to conduct measurements from the identified participants. Moreover, several types of descriptive research shall likewise be used including the following: Case studies. It entails prelude to further and more indepth research about a unit over a considerable period of time that attempts to determine what factors led to its success or failure. For the researchers specific project, a close observation of the current situation at the existing cable wakeboard park and resort shall be done over the summer period (April-May 2012). The observation and detailed description shall then be recorded for reference. Surveys Survey studies are done to gather relatively limited data from a relatively large number of cases. It involves determining information about variables rather that about individuals. It is a sampling or a partial collection of facts, figures, or opinions taken and used approximate to indicate what a complete collection and analysis may reveal. This method shall be used in this study in able to gauge the publics knowledge of water parks and resorts and how they will respond to improvements in wake board facilities, particularly in the application of modern technologies in the said project.
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT Trend Analysis. This method will enable the researcher to know the peoples demands or needs in the future. In the case of this project, the researcher will be able to project what people seek more and what developments they want for its future use and incorporate those gathered data to his or her design of the cable wakeboard park and resort. This can be done by surveys repeated at intervals and considering the help of the experts. The existing trends and best practices abroad shall likewise be studied and assessed to know if they are applicable here in the country. The descriptive method is the most viable method for the proposed Cable Wakeboard Park and Resort for there is an existing underutilized cable wakeboard park that can be the perfect setting for present study.

1.1.3

Participatory Research Method Participatory research is when a problem is defined in terms of the people who feel and think that something is a problem. The people themselves were those who develop their own theories and solutions to the problem. This method is conducted to gathering new knowledge with the people who are capable of defining that knowledge as the participants.
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT The candidate participants of this method are those athletes, professional and non-professional, who are engaged in wakeboarding, and other hobby wakeboard riders who think that there are problems in existing cable wakeboard parks. Also included are the wakeboard trainers, wakeboard fans, and leaders or officials of any wakeboard associations. As part of the research, an interview and consultation with these people shall be made to know if they really see a problem and deficiency in the current designs of cable wakeboard parks.

1.2 Research Instruments It has been a part of the norm of any well-founded researches that different devices such as descriptive survey instruments are used to conduct measurements from identified participants. Listed below are the following instruments that are to be used in this particular research: 1.2.1 Photo Documentation The photo documentation will be used to capture visual reference of existing cable wakeboard parks and other related facilities to the project in the country. Of particular focus and significance is the Lago de Oro Water Ski Park and Resort in Batangas, Republic Wake Park in Laguna and the Camsur Watersports Complex (CWC) in Bicol which are the most famous wakeboard parks in the country and has hosted the World Wakeboarding Competitions.
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT 1.2.2 Library research In able to seek for more knowledge and pieces of information from secondary sources such as books, magazines, journals and other print publications, the researcher shall visit the following libraries: University of Santo Tomas-Miguel de Benavides Library National Library Online Libraries (for journals)

1.2.3

Internet Research The popularity of using internet to gather fast, accessible and updated information offering comprehensive details with

illustrations can help the researcher visualize the subject matter, regardless of its location anywhere in the world. For this particular project, these websites shall be much of help: http://www.cablewake.com (Worldwide Wakeboarding) http://www.cwcwake.com Complex) http://www.lagodeorobeachclub-calatagan.com de Oro Beach Club) http://www.philippinewakeschool.com/ Wake School) http://www.thewwa.com/ Association) (World Wakeboard (Philippine (Lago (Camsur Watersports

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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT http://www.engineering.com Generator Technology) (Designs of Wave

1.2.4

Interviews and Surveys Interview and surveys are very essential in data collection especially in getting the needs and wants in the project. The possible respondents in this project can be professional and nonprofessional wakeboard riders, students, coaches, beginner riders, association leader and groups, wakeboard owners, wakeboard enthusiast and fans, sports analysts, or other who have not tried the sport but has enough knowledge and those who are interested and want to try it in the future. For this project, a series of interviews and surveys will be done in the countrys leading wakeboard parks where the possible respondents can be found. The survey shall have two types of sampling to arrive at both descriptive and inferential statistics. The first is accidental sampling, wherein whomever the researcher meets shall be subject to answering the survey. The second is through convenience sampling wherein the telephone and the Internet are used to conduct the survey.

1.2.5

Site Visit and Investigation It is very important that the researcher will see and explore the probable site first hand for it give him or her an actual feel of the place as well as the people in its periphery. It is also better if the
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT researcher would have a personal experience of using the wakeboard facilities especially the cable wakeboard lake to fully assess the current situations on the place. The researchers personal observations and experience would give him or her possible recommendations and solutions to the projects problem and even improve the design for Philippine cable wakeboard parks.

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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT Chapter IV THE SITE

4.1 Criteria for Site Selection Selecting a site requires a certain criteria in able to choose the appropriate site for the particular project. It involves both the location and site, wherein the location is the general area within a city and the site is a specific piece of property (Powers, 1997). The first step in site evaluation is to develop a checklist to ensure that all relevant factors are considered (Applebaum, 1965). And the judgment of the desirability of the site shall be based upon the result of the evaluation of the checklist. Several standard checklists have been published to aid the evaluation process (Nelson, 1958; Gruen and Smith, 1960; Kane, 1966; Applebaum, 1966; Khan, 1992; Khan, 1999). These checklists commonly include information on the socioeconomic and demographic composition of the neighborhood, level of competition, and existing retail outlets in the area. Site-specific factors such as traffic count, parking facilities, ease of ingress and egress, and visibility are also considered (Ghosh and McLafferty, 1982). Below (Table 4.1.1) is a site selection checklist with three probable sites where cable wakeboard park and resort can be built.

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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT Table 4.1.1 Criteria for Site Selection Site no. 1 (Lago de Oro, Calatagan, Batangas) Site no. 2 (CWC, Camsur, Bicol) Site no. 3 (Deca Wakeboard Park)

Demographics Parking Visibility Traffic Patterns Signage General Location Accessibility Competition Future Demographic Size Intangible Qualities

Based from the (Table 4.1.1) criteria of site selection, site 1 which is the in Calatagan, Batangas is the most favorable site among the three. It is also suited for the given project objectives. 4.2 Site Selection and Justification Table 4.2.1 further shows why Site no. 1, Lago de Oro in Calatagan, Batangas was the chosen site for the particular project which is the Cable Wakeboard Park and Training Center with Resort.
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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT Table 4.2.1 Site Selection FACTORS 1. Land Availability SITE REQUIRED ACTUAL SITE

Enough for a man-made The site is big enough to lake, a training accommodate the space restaurant requirements for the

camp/center,

and shops, cottages and project and is perfect for a other resort amenities to fit resort for the beach is in and near the beach accessible and is also a part of the site. 2. Land zoning used & Tourism zone The actual site is located at the tourism zone found in the zoning map of

Batangas City 3. Climate Dry and cool Batangas has a natural cool climate. 4. Vegetation More green spaces The site is surrounded by natural vegetation. 5. Soil Condition Suitable to build structures Good for landscaping and is a buildable land. 6. Topography 7. Transportation Favorably flat land The site is a flat land.

Easily reachable through Highly accessible by land any kind of land transportation vehicles and even small boats for it is near the seaside.
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transportation vehicles

BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT 8. Environment Close to the natural It is situated in a natural environment, clean, free from pollution, rich in natural vistas. 9. Utilities With source of electricity The site is supplied by and water supply electricity source. 10. Security Safe and secured, gives It has fences and large privacy setbacks from the road and the adjacent properties and water

environment

making it more private and safe. 11. Adjacent Structures Better if isolated rather There are no other

than in a crowded area to establishments yet beside keep the privacy and the actual site.

peaceful ambience of the place

4.3 Site Description The site is located at the first class municipality of Batangas, in Balibago, Calatagan, Batangas, Philippines. It is a two-hour ride from Manila. It is bounded by open fields to its north and south. To its east are the Balibago highway and the South China Sea in its west.

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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT BIBLIOGRAPHY ActionSports Northwest . (2012). Portland Action Sports Complex and Resort, March 9, 2012, http://www.pdxactionsports.com/ CableWakeboard.com (2009). How To Build a Cable Park, March 9, 2012, http://cablewakeboard.com/pages/how-to/ Christian Burchard and Felix Flesche, Water House, Prestel Publishing, 2005 Christian Schittich, In Detail: Cost-Effective Building (Economic concepts and constructions), Birkhuser Architecture; 1 edition, 2003 Colin Porteous, The New Eco-Architecture: Alternatives from the Modern Movement, Taylor & Francis, 2002 Donald Albrencht, New Hotels for Global Nomads, Merrell Publishers, 2003 Elinando B. Cinco. (July 10, 2011). Wakeboarding competition, Manila Bulletin, Retrieved March 9, 2012, http://mb.com.ph/node/326255/wakeboardingcompetition Fran J. Donegan and David, Short Pools & Spas: Ideas for Planning, Designing, and Landscaping, Creative Homeowner; First edition, 2003 Gregg D. Ander, FAIA, Daylighting Performance and Design second edition, Wiley; 2 edition, 2003 Jerry Yudelson, Green Building A to Z: Understanding the Language of Green Building, New Society Publishers, 2007

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BLISS A CABLE WAKE PARK AND RESORT Julia Czerniak and George Hargreaves, Large Parks, Princeton, Architectural Press; 1 edition, 2007 RUSH Training Center. (2010). Wakeboard Training, March 9, 2012, http://www.rush-tc.com/site/wake.html Sage Russell, The Light of Architecture: Architectural Lighting Design Concepts and Techniques, Conceptnine, 2008 Sevilla, Consuelo G., et al. Research Methods, Philippines: Rex Book Store, 1992. William Warren et al and Luca Invernizzi Tettoni, Tropical Asian Style, Periplus Editions; Paperback with Flaps edition, 2007 Zbigniew Bromberk, Eco-Resorts: Planning and Design for the Tropics, Architectural Press, 2009

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