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## Shading Shading on an object usually starts midway into the object

Summary Those basic shapes I have mentioned in the previous pages makes up the human anatomy. The circle, rectangle, triangle, cylinder, and square. The arms are basically cylinders, the head is an oval on top of a cylinder, etc. From there, the shadow is based on those shapes. Of course it's a bit more complicated since the face isn't all one shape but a combination.

## Week 6 - Projected shadows for isometric drawings

Class one homework Do these shade and shadow drawings on page 21, 22 and 23 in the textbook. Requirements: 1. Light source: left-up to right-low, 45 degree parallel light. (Think twice before you begin drawing, because some of the projected shadow drawings in the textbook are not from this same light source. You just use these shapes, and draw shade and shadows on your own.)

2. Strictly follow the notes on page 24 (or the handout of the solution page.)

3. Use pens of 0.5 for shapes, 0.05 for shade and shadow. Erase all pencil lines except pencil dash 45 degree lines.

## 4. Draw on grid paper. Draw everything on one to two papers, if possible.

Shadows in perspective necessitate your determining the positionof a light source and a vanishing point for the shadow. Establish a lightsource either on or off your drawing paper. This is a simulated position anddirection that indicates the location of a real light such as the sun or a lightbulb. Locate a vanishing point for the shadow vertically below the lightsource on the horizon. Draw visual rays from the simulated light source tothe corners of the object. Extend the rays to the plane on which the objectrests. Draw lines from the vanishing point of the shadow to intersect thevisual rays from the light source along the ground line. The shadows willfollow the contour of the plane or object on which they fall.Figure 5-27 shows the location of a light source, shadow vanishing point, andshadows in perspective.