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SKYPE Interview with Jim Harmon 10th Grade English Language Arts teacher Euclid High School Euclid,

Ohio June 7, 2012 T: At last years ISTE conference, I heard Lynne Schrum talk about the study she and Barb Levin did profiling eight visionary schools that are high achievers in how they approach technology. Two ECU colleagues and I are interested in teachers who are not in these visionary environments, but innovate and charge ahead with tech integration on their own. Particularly, we are interested in those teachers who are self-motivated and willing to take the risk to learn with and alongside their students by PUTTING TECHNOLOGY INTO STUDENTS HANDS. After reading your Learning and Leading article, I believe that you are indeed one of these teachers. Would you agree? J: I would say I am more of a creative teacher because I am always trying new things to get my students attention. In a way, this is about technology innovation. But things come to me in the middle of the night and I think, Ive got to try something like that. This may seem crazy or totally different from what I have done before, but its just so crazy that it might actually work for students. T: What has been your motivation for using technology as a part of your creative teaching? J: Seeing kids grasp the content that I am responsible for teaching. Content is king and my job is to teach kids not just the nuts and bolts of literacy, but my goal, personally, is to teach them to love reading

and writingto see it as a viable, essential tool for their lives. Thats really a life ticket, if you will, because without that skill, they will not go as far as they could. Basic literacy and even advanced literacy can really make a difference in their lives, both personally and professionally. T: You mentioned that many of your students are at-risk. Tell me a bit about your student population. J: Euclid is a strange environment. The city is about 50/50 African American and Caucasian. It is a community in transition as there has been a large influx of African-Americans moving into Euclid. Its an inner-ring suburb of Cleveland. We have families who have left the Cleveland schools and are moving to Euclid because they have been unsatisfied with the education where they were. Weve experienced white flight because of that. The school itself is about 90% AfricanAmerican. It is not representative demographically of the community at large. A lot of the white families have taken their kids out and put them either into charter or parochial schools. So we are at 75-85% free and reduced lunch and have significant poverty in our district. Many families have been disenfranchised from education, even though they moved to Euclid to get a better education for their kids. They dont necessarily get the importance of education, in terms of the big picture. I think they realize the importance of education but they dont understand the familial commitment it takes. T: So are parents present in the school? J: I would say moderately. I also taught in Cleveland and was laid off in 2004, so I can use that as a comparison. On parent-teacher conference nights in Cleveland, I might see 5% of parents. Whereas in Euclid, I would say probably 30-40%. Thats a significant difference. Not enough, but still significant.

T: You mentioned in your Learning and Leading article that the districts director of instructional technology gave you an iPad to experiment with and consider how the school might integrate it into the English curriculum at Euclid High School. Could you tell me more about this? J: Sure, Im a huge geek. I love new gadgets, toys, and I am always thinking about how they might fit into my teaching. As an Apple Distinguished Educator, I was getting ready to attend one of our Summer Institutes. I knew that the iPad was the hot thing, so having it in my hand was important so I could see the apps in use. But even before that, when I got it about a month before the year ended, I put it on my desk one day and the kids gravitated to it. It was like Pandoras box, in a good way but it almost felt disruptive. I thought, Weve got to put this thing away and focus on my teaching. I was amazed by how the kids were drawn to it. The operating system was essentially an iPhone or and iPod and they are familiar with these so I didnt have to teach them how to use it. Then it kind of snowballed. Once I saw their reaction, I started learning more about it from other teachers around the country in the Apple network. Honestly, I dont think I realized how significant it was until I did the study. Most teachers who are innovators probably have a pretty significant idea about something they want to try and about its relative success. T: So do you conduct action research routinely in your class? J: Yes, I think it is an important part of being a good teacher. Aside from being an effective teacher, I want to know what students think. I want to know their perception. Twice a year I have students evaluate me using a Google Form. I promise that I will not track them, but I am just genuinely interested in if my teaching is serving them, reaching them in a way that is best for them. So that is a simple form of action research. I am also involved with the MUST program, an urban teacher prep program at Cleveland State University. So most every year, I have an intern in a yearlong experience who is making a commitment to learning about how to teach in an urban environment. It gets them

really ready for the classroom. One of the things they have to do is an action research project. This is one of the reasons I love this program because I believe in this and see great value in this research and the program. When they come in, we frequently talk about technology. This is partly because I am a big geek and also because it is fun. I am always worrying about what I call the PowerPoint effect. Everybody uses PowerPoint as presentation software. The first time I taught with a PowerPoint, the kids were riveted. Now, you pull out a PowerPoint and their eyes glaze over. I worry about things getting so routine that kids are going to get turned off and feel like it is a repetition of the same act over and over again. Thats always a challenge as a teacher because you do want repeated performance over time to show learning and mastery, but at the same time you can get into a rut. T: It seems to me, based on what you are saying, that you take pride in your exceptionalism. Do you enjoy being out there on the edge? Have you thought about yourself in this way? J: No, not really. I like to share. If I find something that works, it can have the same effect on other teachers. Now Im not saying that the iPad is a magic bullet. Its impact depends on how I use the device and what I do as a teacher. If I can share that this is more than just using technology, here is some theory, some strategies that go along with it, then it can have value. Just this week, I was doing some professional development and when I am sharing like that, I realize that what I am doing is pretty amazing. The teachers I was sharing with said that this was the best professional development that they had had all year. So that makes me feel good, makes me feel OK, that even though this feels routine to me, I am not only making an impact on students, but on other teachers as well. T: Were these teachers in your own system? J: They are from the Cleveland Schools, actually.

T: So how did they know about Jim Harmon? J: Thats a good question. As an innovator one of the things I am asked to do is to provide professional development through our local PBS affiliate. The PBS affiliate has workshops where teachers get an iPad and a 3-hour session teaching them what to do with it. One of the principals in the school where I was laid off in 2004 was at one of the inservices that I taught and he said, Wow, weve got to get you in our school because we are getting iPads in our school next year with our Race To The Top money. We really need some direction. T: Quite a compliment. J: Yes, it was. T: The PBS workshopsis this an opportunity that you sought out? J: No, I found out about them through Apple as an Apple Distinguished Educator. I continue to be humbled by that experience. It has opened a whole lot of doors for me. Even getting the article published in Learning and Leading. I dont know if it would have been published if I hadnt been an Apple Distinguished Educator. T: So the opportunity to become an Apple Distinguished Educator, was that achieved through your own initiative? J: It was through my own initiative, but my district supported me and thats important to note. You can be an innovative teacher and have your district get in the way. I feel so fortunate to have a district that supports me. My peers, my principals, the superintendent, and the director of instructional technology support know what I do and I know I wouldnt have accomplished all that I have without having them on the same playing field.

T: Two colleagues and I have been observing teachers in local schools and we are finding that about 2/3 of them use tech primarily as a presentation or instructional delivery toolrarely is use of technology put into student hands. How have you moved beyond this presentation/delivery approach? Why was that important to you? J: I remember the day that I realized it was important. It was a day that I came to school about 12 years ago not feeling well. I was a computer teacher at that time and I wanted to provide the best support for students, so I told the kids that we were going to take a break that day. They could work on homework or review and practice what we had already learned. They came to me and asked if they could work on their technology projects on their own. I told them to go ahead and all of a sudden all of the students were in their groups working on their projects without me guiding their every move. I wasnt doing action research at the time, but this was an aha moment for me. T: So it was really serendipitous that this happened? J: Yes. T: Do you have ideas about how others can have such an epiphany other than through a serendipitous event like you experienced? How do you move colleagues who are not innovators like you are beyond using tech simply for instructional presentation? J: I wish I had that answer. In fact, I crave that answer. I do think it is a matter of putting teachers in an environment where they are comfortable making mistakes and knowing that they can fail. We are starting to talk about his with our students by telling them that it is OK to make a mistake, to fail. This is the place where you can do this. I joke with my teacher interns and tell them that as long as nobody dies, the risk is worth it. I think there is a fear of technology and thoughts like, Oh my gosh, I might break it, something might go wrong. I am really careful to tell people in professional development that when

they do some of this, things are going to go wrong. Its going to be frustrating. But dont give up on it. The more you use technology, the more you learn from your mistakes, it will get better. Thats really the idea. The students are already there. They are motivated to use the technology. Thats the beautiful thing about putting an iPad in a students hands. Theres one WordFlick app that we used all year long and I never got a complaint from students. Its a good vocabulary builder, much like Scrabble or Words With Friends. These kids eat this game up and it just blows me away to see them pull out their vocabulary packets from past weeks and months and search for words they can spell. As an English teacher, we talk all the time about what we want to see from kidsrepeated exposure to new words! Thats why this action research project spoke to me personally. The potential for tablet computers and the apps to differentiate is phenomenal. T: So its the capability of the apps to differentiate that makes the iPad different? J: Yes, it makes me a better teacher. T: If you had advice for building level administrators (ICs/Principals) for how to encourage "early adopters" such as yourself to innovate and charge ahead with projects, what would it be? J: Let early adopters try the tech themselves. As teachers we want to help kids, but we also want to feel good about what we do. Getting recognition from administrators says, I see you as an intelligent person, I see you as a leader. Having that kind of trust put in you is important. It says something to you and motivates you. T: What about advice for system level administrators (Directors of IT, Superintendents)? J: Trust your teachers. Thats critical. Earlier, I mentioned that my system trusts me to the point that if I need to bring up YouTube or

Facebook in my classroom, I can put in the password and override the firewall. So if its a teachable moment, its a teachable moment and they trust me to recognize that and use that power responsibly. I dont know how to put it any more simply than thatTrust your teachers. You know year after year, no matter what school district I work in, we pay consultants thousands and thousands of dollars to come in and tell us what we already know. I look around me where I teach and I see all of the consultants we need in the room next to me and across the building. We all have the answerswe just have to be trusted and allowed the collaboration time to share. T: In your opinion, how can we foster innovation with technology in teacher prep programs? J: Better partnerships between universities and schoolsstrong mentors need to be identified. I am now the coordinator for Cleveland States MUST program in my school. What we want to see is more coteaching with mentors who are solid in pedagogy, philosophy, content, and technology. They must know the T-PACK model and help preservice teachers know how to put it all together. It has to be more than saying, Oh cool, iPadsput them in the kids hands and lets see what happens. Teachers have to say, Heres what I need to teachwhat tools can I use to do that? Also, not all teachers are great mentors. Thats really important. If you are putting a student intern in the care of an inservice teacher, they must serve the student teacher well. T: Youve talked about your credence as a presenter, a mentor because you are a teacher who actually teaches with technology in your own classroom. J: Yes, I wouldnt have the credibility that I have if I didnt talk about where the rubber meets the road.

T: What do you see as your next step/project in terms of tech integration? What will you need to make it succeed? J: Right now I am going to focus on the iPad. Improving techniques about how to use it. I am also interested in creating my own textbooks using Apples newly released iBook authoring software. This allows anyone to create their own textbooks. Not only am I interested about this with the advent of the Common Core Standardsthats a scary thing for many teachers, including me. We have these textbooks that we use 30 percent of here and there and I know I can do a better job by creating my own textbook. I am also wondering what will happen if I give my students the ability create their own textbooks. This might be my own personal direction, but Ill have a new intern in the fall and well see where that takes us. My district is also considering a 1-1 program. Im really interested in seeing how that goes because Ive seen other districts think that just because they give all the kids a piece of technology and its going to be wonderful. I have yet to see that happen. Yes, there are schools like those utopic environments you mentioned earlier, but I want to see what we can do to figure out how we can make this work as a district for our students. I am voting for iPads for this 1-1its a no-brainer. There are things that it can do with the app capability that laptops simply cannot. Now it will be up to me to try and convince colleagues and administrators that this is the way to go. T: Jim, this has been a pleasure. I really appreciate your time. J: Thank you, Terry. I look forward to reading the column.