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印尼中爪哇 2×300MW 工程

印尼中爪哇 2×300MW 工程 湖北华电青山热电有限公司 2005 年

湖北华电青山热电有限公司 2005 年

目录

CHAPTER 1

MAINTENANCE DURING THE OPERATION OF TURBINE

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3 -

SECTION 1

ROUTINE MAINTENANCE DURING OPERATION

- 3 -

SECTION 2

SUPERVISION AND REGULATION OF THE SAFETY AND ECONOMY DURING OPERATION

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SECTION3

INSPECTION PROJECTS FOR THE OVERHAUL AND MINI-OVERHAUL OF UNITS

- 9 -

CHAPTER 2

汽轮机自控维护

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12 -

SECTION1

INSTRUCTION ON ELECTRIC MONITORING SYSTEM OF STEAM TURBINE

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SECTION2

MANUAL OF EMERGENCY TRIPPING DEVICE OF STEAM TURBINE

- 33 -

SECTION3

INSTRUCTION ON AUTOMATIC OPERATION DEVICE FOR TURNING GEAR

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SECTION4

DIGITAL ELECTRO-HYRAULIC (DEH) CONTROL SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS

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CHAPTER 3

辅机维护

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SECTION1

SPECIFICATION FOR MAIN BODY OF STEAM TURBINE AND LINE DRAINAGE

SYSTEM(N300-16.7/537/537-8)

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SECTION2

N-17750 CONDENSER SPECIFICATIONS

- 117 -

SECTOION3

SPECIFICATION FOR PNEUMATIC CONTROL SYSTEM OF STEAM EXTRACTION CHECK VALVE OF

STEAM TURBINEN300-16.7/537/537-8

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SECTION4

SELF-SEALING TURBINE STEAM SEAL SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS

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SECTION5

MAINTENANCE OF CONDENSATE PUMP

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SECTION6

FEEDWATER PUMP

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SECTION7

LP HEATER SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS

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CHAPTER4 汽轮机油系统维护

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SECTION1

SPECIFICATION FOR LUBRICATING SYSTEM

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SECTION2

DESCRIPTION OF INTEGRATED OIL TANK

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SECTION3

MANUAL OF SHAFT-JACKING DEVICE

- 180 -

SECTION4

MANUAL OF OIL INJECTOR

- 185 -

SECTION5 MAIN OIL PUMP DESCRIPTION

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SECTION6

INSTRUCTION FOR SPILL VALVE

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SECTION7

INSTRUCTION FOR TWIN-TONGUE CHECK VALVE

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SECTION8

OPERATING INSTRUCTION FOR OIL SMOKE SEPARATOR

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CHAPTER5

INSTRUCTION OF HYDROGENSEAL OILSTATOR COOLING WATER SYSTEM

FOR 300MW GENERATOR

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SECTION1

GENERAL

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SECTION2

HYDROGEN CONTROL SYSTEM(SEE HYDROGEN CONTROL SYSTEM DIAGRAM)

- 199 -

SECTION3

SEAL OIL CONTROL SYSTEM(SEE THE SEAL OIL CONTROL SYSTEM DIAGRAM)

- 204 -

SECTION4

STATOR WINDING COOLING WATER SYSTEM(SEE STATOR WINDING COOLING WATER CONTROL

SYSTEM DIAGRAM)

CHAPTER6

DESCRIPTION OF CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

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212 -

SECTION1

GENERAL SITUATION

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SECTION2

DESIGN DESCRIPTION OF CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

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SECTION3

THE CONSTRUCTION AND INSTALLATION DESCRIPTION OF THE CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM- 217

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SECTION4

OPERATING MANAGEMENT DESCRIPTION OF CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

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Chapter 1

Maintenance during the Operation of Turbine

Section 1

Routine Maintenance during Operation

Operation of turbine with load is one of important section during the production of electric power. It is the duty of operation persons of turbine to perform correctly rules and to operate, check, supervise and regulate strictly during operation, and the precondition to ensure the safe and economic operation of turbine devices. Working contents of the routine maintenance during the operation of turbine are:

(1) To supervise the related devices and meters via supervising panel, transcribing readings periodically, inspecting circularly, measuring vibration periodically, to do the meter analysis, and to check the safe and economic condition of operation. (2) To regulate the related operating parameters and patterns, to go through the economic distribution principle of load, to enable the devices to operate under the best condition, to reduce the ratio of heat consumption and auxiliary power, and to increase the economic efficiency of operation. (3) To enhance the supervision of failed devices, fault systems and devices under a special operation pattern, to prevent the trouble occurrences and enlargement, to increase the utilization factor and to ensure the safe operation of devices. (4) To do various protective tests periodically and the normal tests and shift operation of auxiliaries. In short, the main roles of operation of power plants are: to supply the needed electric energy to users or power network continuously & safely & economically.

I. The shift persons should do the following while the turbine normally operating:

(1) To supervise & operate & regulate strictly, notice at any time the variation of indication of each meter and adopt the corresponding maintenance measures, and to fill in the operation logs. (2) To read meters every one hour and analyze the data. if the reading is different from the normal value, the cause should be found out immediately and the necessary measures should be taken. (3) To inspect the unit periodically, especially notice the temperatures of babbit of each trust bearing pad and each bearing, the oil return temperature, oil flow and vibration, operation and tightness conditions of the cooling system of generator and prevention of oil leakage and fire catching. (4) To do the listening inspection for each part of turbine, especially while the operating condition changes greatly. (5) To inspect periodically or contact with maintenance persons to clean the screens installed in the steam or water or oil system in terms of the exact condition during

operation. (6) To regulate in time the steam pressure of shaft sealing, to prevent leaking steam caused by too high pressure from entering the bearing box, resulting in the deterioration of oil quality; and simultaneously prevent air leakage of low-pressure casing gland caused by too low pressure resulting in the drop of the condenser vacuum. (7) To keep the turbine operate under the economic condition, and the following conditions should be met:

a) To retain the main steam temperature at the rating, steam pressure conform to the prescribed value of variable pressure operation curve of the unit, and the variation does not exceed the permissible range.

b) The regenerative system should run normally, the outlet water temperature of heater should confirm to the designed value or in the range prescribed by the rules.

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c)

To keep the condenser operating under the best condition, check the steam extraction temperature of turbine periodically and regulate it in time if necessary.

d) The degree of supercooling of the condensate should not exceed the prescribed value.

(8) To do the various periodic shifts and tests. (9) To clean the devices of turbine generator periodically

II. Control parameters during the normal operation In order to ensure the safe and economic operation of turbine devices, operation persons should supervise and analyze the operating condition of devices via various meters and regulate if necessary except for a visual method, to retain the various value in the permissive range.

The values which should often be supervised are: the load of turbine, temperature and pressure of the main steam, vacuum of the condenser, rotary speed of turbine (frequency) and running condition of rotary devices. The parameters which should often be inspected are:

steam pressure of regulating chamber, steam pressure and temperature of each extraction port, main steam flow, water temperature and level of inlet and outlet of each heater, oil level of oil tank, anti-fire oil pressure, pressure and temperature of lubrication, vibration of each bearing, thermal expansion and its difference of the unit, axial displacement of rotor, metal temperature of trust bearing and main bearing, opening of steam regulating valve and wind temperature of outlet of generator and so on. Under the normal condition, the above parameters have a certain inherent connection, such as: while the load of generator is increased, the steam flow into the turbine will increase owing to the invariable main steam parameters, the opening of regulating valve is also increased correspondingly, the steam pressure of regulating chamber and steam extraction pressure of each section is increased proportionally (for the condensate unit), the steam temperature before each section is also increased, and the thermal expansion of the unit is increased; if the relationship between these parameters is out of rear during operation, there is something wrong with the unit. if the steam pressure of regulating chamber and each extraction port is higher than the pressure corresponding to the normal condition with this power, the scaling or block exist in the flowing part. Because the unit type is different, the value prescribed by operation rules of each unit have to be carried out, these parameters can be kept in the permissive changing range via check, analysis, regulation and maintenance, to ensure the safe and economic operation of the unit.

III. Inspection during operation Inspection is one of the important measures to understand devices, grasp the operation condition, find the hidden trouble and ensure the safe operation of devices. Hence, the following matters should be done carefully and strictly:

1. Inspection of the turbine proper (1) The total expansion indication of turbine, oil return temperature and quantity, vibration, servomotor travel and action of regulating valve and so on. (2) Bearing: oil return temperatures of all the bearing pads, oil quantity, vibration, the leakage of oil baffle. (3) Cylinder: shaft sealing admission, running sound of the unit, relative expansion, vibration of exhaust casing and exhaust temperature. (4) Generator and exciter: wind temperature of outlet and inlet, cooling water pressure and temperature of each cooler etc.

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(5) The devices of turning gear: the handle should be arranged at the OFF position, and the operating power source should be right. (6) The main automatic stop valve: the indication of position of the main stop valve, smooth flowing of cooling water (7) The main meter panel: the indication of pressure and vacuum of steam, water and oil systems, relative expansion difference and indication of axial displacement.

2. Inspection of the pumps (1) Motor: current, interlock "on" position, wind temperature of outlet, temperature and vibration of bearing, running sound, good grounding wiring and firm foundational bolts. (2) Pump: the outlet pressure should be right, gland packing should be of no heating or watering, the running sound should be right, the cooling water of bearing pad should be smooth, the water discharge hopper has no block, the oil level of bearing is normal and quality of oil is good, the oil ring can carry oil normally and has no leakage, coupler hood is fixed well. (3) The insulation of tubes connecting with pump should be all right, its support rack is fast and has no leakage, and opening of valve should be normal. (4) The relative meters should be complete and perfect, and its indication should be correct.

3. Inspection of feed water pump Except for the above items, the following items should be inspected because the feed

water pump has its own lubrication system:

(1) Indication of the pressure of balance disk should be normal.

(2) Position of the water inlet and outlet valve of cooling wind chamber of motor of motor-driven feed water pump and the condition of wind temperature. (3) Oil and water temperature condition and oil pressure of outlet and inlet of oil cooler should be normal. (4) The operating condition of hydraulic coupler.

4. Inspection of other auxiliaries (1) The level of lubrication tank, anti-fire oil tank and auxiliary oil tank should be normal, the operation of flue gas exhauster. (2) Oil cooler: the temperature of outlet and inlet should be normal; waterside has no accumulated gas or leakage of oil and water. The oil pressure should be more than the water pressure. (3) Each oil pump, oil filter and low-level oil tank, the oil level should be normal. (4) The main air ejector and shaft seal air ejector: the pressure of working steam or water, vacuum, water seal of vacuum break valve should be normal, the rotary devices using vacuum pumps should have abnormality and each component should have no overheat. (5) Condenser: the water level of condenser, the pressure and temperature of the condensate outlet and inlet, the temperature of condensate and the position of switch of each valve. (6) HP and LP heaters: the water level, the pressure of extraction steam, the position of the switch of valve, the protective water source of hydraulic check valve should be put into operation, the working condition of water level regulation, the piping and flanges should have no leakage of water and steam. (7) Shaft seal cooler: water level, the condition of siphon well, the position of watering valve, the condition of steam extraction of exhaust outlet, the sufficient water flowing quantity. (8) Drain expander: the switch of valves should be right and have no leakage of steam. (9) Deaerator: the pressure, temperature and water level should be normal, the condition of steam extraction, and the position of switch of each valve, the working condition of water level regulator. Also, the flange of tube should have no leakage of water and steam

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and the safety valve should work normally. The abnormal condition should be analyzed carefully and its causes should be found out and eliminated if it is found during inspection. The measures should be taken if the abnormity cannot be eliminated immediately, to prevent the enlargement of the trouble, and the trouble should be recorded and reported.

IV. Test during the normal operation and shifting of auxiliaries

In order to ensure the safety of the main devices, their protections and auxiliaries should be safe and reliable, to avoid the damage to the main devices or shutdown caused by the fault of protections or auxiliaries, so the following should be done:

(1) To operate the main stop valve periodically. The load should be changed in a large range periodically for the turbine carrying a stationary load, to prevent the lever of regulating valve from logging.

(2) Water (steam) pressure check valve on each regenerative extraction pipe, check valve and safety valve on the regulating extraction pipe should be tested and verified periodically according to the rules. If a fault occurs to one check valve or safety valve, it should be eliminated immediately or the corresponding measures should be taken. (3) The reserve emergency oil pump and its self-starting installation should be tested periodically. In addition, this test should be done while the turbine starts or before the turbine is shut down. (4) The oil level should be done the movement test every day, and the accumulating water at the bottom of oil tank should be discharged periodically. (5) Various automatic protections, including annunciator and lighting signal, should be tested periodically during operation if possible. (6) The protection of HP heater should be tested periodically. If HP heater has no high-level protection or the protection is abnormal, it is forbidden to put into operation. (7) The sealing test should be done for the vacuum system periodically, in general, once every month. (8) The shifting test should be done for the auxiliaries periodically every day including the main air ejector, vacuum pump, condensate pump, boosting pump, drain pump, service water pump etc. The insulation condition of motor of the reserve pump (devices) should be supervised to prevent damage to the motor from fault enlarging as emergency start. In conclusion, the daily work is very complex during normal operation, so the operators should be with responsibility that the quality of the bank can be kept and the network can get the safe and economic supply.

Section 2

Supervision and Regulation of the Safety and Economy during Operation

Some important parameters during normal operation of turbine, such as the main steam parameters, vacuum of the condenser, axial displacement, expansion difference and the pressure of supervised section and so on, act as the crucial function to the safe and economic operation of turbine. Hence, these parameters should be supervised carefully during operation and regulated in time to retain in a prescribed range.

I. The main steam parameters During the normal operation of turbine, the steam parameters may be deflected from the rating inevitably and temporarily. If the deflection is not more than the permissive range, it cannot damage the strength of the components of turbine, otherwise, it will result in troubles of reliability and safety of operation. While the initial and steam extraction pressure is

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invariable, the change of temperature of the main steam will result in the change of temperature of the whole thermal cycling source and the change of thermal efficiency of the circulation. If the temperature of the main steam rises, the ideal enthalpy drop in the turbine increases and the ability of doing work enhances. Oppositely, while the temperature of the main steam drops, the ability of doing working decreases and so the efficiency drops. Under the condition of complete opening of regulating valve, the seam flow through the turbine decreases along with the rise of initial temperature, and regulating blades may overload. The strength of metal will rapidly drop along with the rise of temperature. In addition, the creepage may occur to the metal with high temperature. So rapid overload and super temperature are dangerous, at present the manufacturer prescribes the upper limit of temperature, in general not more 58than the rating. While the opening of regulating valve is given, the initial temperature drops and results in the increase of flow quantity; the enthalpy drop of regulating stage decrease, the enthalpy drop of the final stage increases, and the final stage is easy to overload; also, the initial temperature drops resulting in the humidity of extraction steam increases, the impulsion damage to the final stage blades increases; and the initial temperature drop will increase the axial thrust. So the initial temperature drop not only affects the economic efficiency of the unit operation but also threaten the safety operation of the unit. In order to ensure the safety, the load should be reduced while the initial temperature is less 1520than the rating. While the opening of regulating valve is invariable, initial temperature and backpressure are invariable and the initial pressure increases, all the stages of turbine will overload, thereinto, the final stage is most serious. Simultaneously, the rise of initial pressure will threaten the piping of turbine and other bearing components. The initial pressure drop does not affect the safety of the unit, but the output of the unit will drop. Hence, the main steam pressure is required to operate under the prescribed pressure; especially the unit operation should be retained according to the variable-pressure operating curve for the sliding-pressure operation unit.

II. Vacuum of condenser Vacuum of condenser is namely the pressure of steam extraction of turbine, owing to the variation of steam load, the copper pipe is scaled, the tightness of vacuum system is deteriorated and the cooling water temperature changes, their values can be changed in a large range, directly affecting the safe and economic operation of the unit. While the vacuum drops, the total enthalpy drop of turbine will decrease, and the decrease mainly happens to the final stages. At this time, the stress of these stages will decrease and the reaction degree will increase. While the vacuum drops rapidly, the variation of reaction degree will cause the variation of axial thrust and the thrust bearing may have danger. In addition, if the vacuum is deteriorated severely, the temperature of extraction steam will rise, resulting in the variation of center of the unit, accordingly resulting in the nonpermissive vibration. So the vacuum of the unit is permitted to drop in a certain range during operation, or the load must be reduced, even the emergency shutdown should be done. While the vacuum increase, the enthalpy drop of the final stage of turbine increases, and the final stage may overload. Especially while the final stage reaches the critical flow condition, the further increase of enthalpy drop will be borne only by the final stage. The variation of condenser vacuum can greatly affect the economic efficiency of operation of the turbine. it mainly shows that the variation of vacuum will cause that of ability of doing work. So, the copper pipe should be kept clean during the practical operation, and the tightness of vacuum system should be kept qualified, to improve the economic efficiency of the unit operation.

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III. Monitoring of the pressure of supervised section

In the condensing turbine, the pressure of steam chamber of the regulating stage and the pressure of extraction steam of each stage is directly proportional to the flow of the main steam. According to this theory, the operation of convection part can be supervised via the supervision of the pressure of steam chamber of the regulating stage and the pressure of extraction steam during operation. Hence, this pressure is called that of supervised pressure. In a common condition, the manufacturer gives the steam flow and pressure value of and each supervised section under the rating load of each turbine and the permissive maximum steam flow and the pressure value according to the calculating result of thermal and strength. The pressure of each supervised section is not identical under the same load even the same type of turbine because each unit has its own property. Hence, each unit should be measured according to the given data by manufacturer after installation or overhauling while the convection part is under the normal condition, to acquire the relationship among the load, main steam flow and pressure of supervised section, which acts as criteria for regular operation supervision. If the pressure of supervised section rises under the same load (flow), it shows that the convection area of the convection section decreases mostly because of the scaling, sometimes because some metal components are cataclastic or mechanical foreign matter is blocked in the convection part or the blade is damaged and deformed. So while a heater is out of service, the pressure of corresponding extraction steam section will rise if admission quantity of turbine is unchanged. Not only the pressure up of supervised section but also the pressure difference between each supervised section is noticed whether to exceed the prescribed value. If the pressure difference of a section exceeds the prescribed value, the working stress of this section of diaphragm and movable blade will increase, resulting in the damage to the devices. The severe scaling should be eliminated (in general, the pressure of supervised section of intermediate-pressure and LP unit raises relatively 15%, that of HP or above unit 10%); the following four kinds of methods are commonly used:

(1) The turbine is shut down and the casing is opened, with a mechanical method. (2) To rinse with heated water under the slowly turning condition. (3) To rinse with wet heated steam under a low rotary speed. (4) To rinse with wet steam with load.

IV. Supervision of axial displacement and the temperature of bearing pad 1. Axial displacement The index of the axial displacement of turbine rotor is used to supervise the working condition of the thrust bearing; the axial thrust functioning on the rotor is borne by the thrust bearing, to ensure the reliable axial clearance between movable and stationary parts. Too much axial thrust or abnormality of operation of bearing will result in the burning and damage to the thrust pad, to produce the damage to devices caused by the wear of movable and stationary part. Various turbines are equipped with axial displacement indicator, which is used to supervise the working condition of the thrust pad; the turbine should be forced to shutdown immediately if the displacement exceeds the permissive limit value, to prevent the convection part from damage. Different types of units have different ZERO positions of indicators. The number of positive value indicated by the axial displacement shows the axial displacement quantity at the thrust disk during operation of turbine. So, the indicators are arranged near the thrust pad. In general, the thrust clearance of an integrated thrust pad is in a range of 0.4 to 0.6mm or so.

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The main steam pressure of the turbine is high and its temperature is low, especially the water enters cylinder, resulting in a great axial thrust. So, the axial thrust will change greatly if the vacuum is low or the convection part is scaled. If the displacement is found to increase during operation of the unit, the turbine should be examined throughout, to listening to its inner sound and measure the vibration of bearing, and simultaneously to supervise the variation of the thrust pad and oil return temperature, in general, the babbitt temperature of the thrust pad is not more than 95and the oil return temperature is not more than 75, while the temperature exceeds the permissive value, the load should be reduced to enable it to restore to the normal even if the displacement indication is not too much, if the indication exceeds the permissive value to cause the protective action to trip, the generator should be paralleled off and shut down. At this time if the protection does not act, it should be checked carefully. 2. Temperature of bearing pad The bearing of turbine rotates in the bearing pad, causing the temperature up of lubricating oil and bearing pad. Too high temperature of bearing pad will threaten the safety of bearing. The temperature of bearing pad can be supervised via supervision of the temperature up of lubrication during operation, in general, the temperature up of lubrication should not exceed 10 to 15, but it acts only as auxiliary supervision because the oil temperature lags behind that of metal and cannot show immediately the variation of bearing pad temperature. In order to make the bearing pad operating normally, the temperature of oil supplying to bearing pad is prescribed definitely, in general the specified temperature is within 35 45 .

Section3

Inspection projects for the overhaul and mini-overhaul of units

In order to keep the unit can operate safely and economically for long time. Perform the mini-overhaul once each time when the unit has been in operation for 4 to 8 months accumulatively. Eliminate the defects occurred during operation in time and replace the damaged components.

1 Imperative inspection items for mini-overhaul

1.1 Check each support bearing and thrust bearing, and check whether there are the

phenomenon of serious wearing, picking, crack, decrustation, etc. with the babbit alloy surface so as to treat in time.

1.2 Check main oil pump and tooth coupling of main oil pump to ensure the safe

operation.

1.3 Take the static test of control system, oil spray test of emergency stopper and

over speed test again after the mini-overhaul so as to confirm the reliable operation of control and security system.

2 Imperative inspection items for overhaul

2.1 Overall inspection

2.1.1 Check whether there are the phenomenon of leakage and erosion at the

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steam casing split;

2.1.2 Check and record the raise degree of rotor and each journal; Check and

record the longitudinal and transverse level of bearing box and steam casing split;

2.1.3 Check and record the flow clearance and gland clearance;

2.1.4 Remove the connection bolts of coupling, check and record the change of

alignment of coupling.

2.2

Rotor inspection

2.2.1 Clean the impeller and impeller blade and remove the scale.

2.2.2 Check the axial run-out of each part and run-out of end face. Check the

cylindricity of journal and the run-out of end face of thrust disk.

2.2.3

Check whether there are the defects of cracks, erosion and damage, etc. at

each part of impeller, blade and rotating part. Perform the static frequency test to the long blades.

2.3

Bearing

 

2.3.1 Check the clearance and tightening force of bearing.

2.3.2 Check whether there are the defects of wearing, decrustation and cracks etc,

with babbit alloy.

2.3.3

Check the platinum resistance thermometer, and replace the damaged

 

elements.

2.4

2.5

Steam casing, holding ring and diaphragm

2.5.1 Check whether there are cracks with the HP inner casing and outer casing;

2.5.2 Check whether there are changes with the center of steam casing.

2.5.3 Check the split clearance of upper half and lower half.

2.5.4 Check whether there are cracks with the holding ring and diaphragm, and

whether there are deformation with the diaphragm.

2.5.5

Check the bolts, gland gaskets and the thermocouple, and replace the damaged

elements.

2.6

Valve

 

2.6.1

Disassemble and check whether the components of main steam valve and

control valve have become loosen or damaged;

2.6.2

Check whether there are any change with the stem and the clearance of sleeve.

Check whether there are crack and bend with the stems;

2.6.3 Check whether the touch between the valve disk and valve seat is tight;

2.6.4 Check whether there are any plastic deformation with the tooth gasket.

2.7

Control system

2.7.1 Check whether there are any erosion, crack with the control and safe part sets.

Check whether there are any changes occurring with the fitting clearance.

2.7.2 Check whether the geometrical size and rigidity of spring of emergency

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stopper meet the requirement of drawing. Check whether there are cracks with the spring surface.

2.7.3 Perform the static test, tightness test of valve, oil spray test of emergency

stopper and over speed test to the control system,

2.8 Oil system

2.8.1 Check the installation clearance of bearing of main oil pump, impeller and

tooth coupling;

2.8.2 Clean the oil cooler and check whether there area damages with the copper

pipe.

2.8.3 Check the filter and clean the oil box and oil filter

2.8.4 Check and clean the fan and smoke exhaust system.

2.8.5 Check and clean the oil pipe line.

2.9 Vacuum system

2.9.1 Check the ejector

2.9.2 Check the tightness of vacuum system.

2.10 Exhaust system

2.10.1 Check each check valve of exhaust and the control system;

2.10.2 Check the check valve of high exhaust and keep the tight closing;

2.11 Drain system:

Check each drain pipe line and keep them expedite and have no block.

2.12 Centering support system:

Check each part of centering support system to see whether they meet the

designing requirements; Check whether the anchor bolts have become loose;

Check whether there are gapped phenomenon between the pedestal and filling

iron.

2.13 Monitor system:

Check the axial displacement, expansion differentia, vibration, and each element of monitor system. Indicate and adjust over again.

2.1.4 Monitor the main steam pipe and reheat steam pipe line about the change of creepage in long term.

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Chapter 2 汽轮机自控维护

Section1

Instruction on Electric Monitoring System of Steam Turbine

0-1 Overview of system The electric monitoring protection system of steam turbine (see D300N-003005U) consists of

five parts, namely: shafting (D300N-003006C), oil pressure / vacuum (D300N-003008D),

temperature (D300N-003009D), auxiliaries (D300N-003010U) and ETS (D300N-003011E).

The instruction describes the arrangement of measuring points for shafting, the various

signals in oil pressure / vacuum and temperature parts related to normal safe operation of

turbine, the control logic of various electric equipment and motors, as well as the emergency

tripping system (ETS) of turbine.

All setting values for various signals concerned in this instruction are based on the setting

values in the “Instruction on start-up and operation of steam turbine”. This instruction can be

used as basis of corresponding design by the Design Institute.

0-2 Shafting

1 General

The parameters of shafting for the steam turbine-generator unit to be continuous

monitored are speed, zero speed, overspeed, differential expansion of HP/IP and LP

turbines, axial displacement, thermal expansion of HP/IP casing, eccentricity, shaft

vibration and vibration at cover of bearing pedestal. Unless specified otherwise, the

following parameters shall be monitored by the MMS6000 Serial from EPRO Company.

The description will be made for speed, displacement and vibration respectively hereafter.

2 Speed monitoring

2.1 Speed and zero speed

The monitoring function here is realized by two transducers, one of which is for speed and

the other for zero speed. Corresponding the speed measuring range of 05000 rpm there

are 420mA DC signal outputs from the monitoring module here to the DCS system

display.

for

The zero speed relay contact signal is output as one of the starting-up signals for the

automatic turning gear of turbine while the speed falls down to 2 rpm.

2.2 “2 out of 3” electric overspeed protection

There are 3 transducers used for electric overspeed protection. When the speed “n” of

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turbine is equal to or greater than 3300r/min and the “2 out of 3” logic requirement is met, the overspeed protection signal is sent out to the relay to trip the turbine after logic processing by the ETS.

2.3

Tachometer at head of unit

A domestic made CS-1 type magnetic resistance speed transducer and a domestic made WZ-3 type intelligent transient tachometer with digital indication are adopted for the unit. The tachometer possesses such functions as two level overspeed alarm, zero speed alarm, fast speed indication, max. speed storing and reproduction, self check and calibration etc. Two level overspeed alarm and the zero speed alarm are output through relay contact. The tachometer is mounted on the cover of front bearing pedestal at head of unit.

3

Displacement monitoring

3.1

Differential expansion of HP/IP and LP turbines

These two monitoring channels here are provided with a transducer for each, which output

the corresponding 420mA DC signals to the DCS system for display. The alarm relay is

actuated and the alarm signal is sent out while the differential expansion value of HP/IP

turbine +6mm or -3mm and the differential expansion value of LP turbine

+14mm. The emergency relay is actuated and the differential expansion over limiting

signal is sent out while the differential expansion value of HP/IP turbine +7mm or

-5mm,and the differential expansion value of LP turbine +15mm.

3.2

Axial displacement

There are two transducers used for axial displacement monitoring. Corresponding to the

axial displacement measuring range of -2mm+2mm , the 420mA DC signals are

output from monitor to the DCS system for display. The alarm relay is actuated and the

alarm signal is sent out while the axial displacement value0.6mm or-1.05mm . The

emergency relay is actuated and the axial displacement over limiting signal is sent out to

ETS for tripping the turbine while axial displacement value of both transducers

+1.2mm or -1.65mm.

3.3

Eccentricity and phase-shifting

The eccentricity and phase-shifting measuring is conducted by a transducer for each.

Corresponding to the eccentricity measuring range of 0100μm , these monitors output

the 420mA DC signals to the DCS system for display. The alarm relay of monitor is

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actuated to send out the alarm signal while the eccentricity of shaft exceeds its original

value by 30μm.

3.4

Thermal expansion of HP/IP casing

There are two monitoring channels for thermal expansion of casing located at both sides of HP/IP casing of turbine respectively to monitor the casing expansion related to the foundation of unit.

Two domestic made 50mm absolute expansion transducers and a completed absolute expansion monitor are used for HP/IP casing expansion. Corresponding to the HP/IP casing expansion measuring range of 0~50mm, the respective channel of monitor outputs

the 420mA DC signal to the DCS system for display. The alarm and emergency relays

of monitor are actuated to send out the corresponding alarm signal while the casing expansion exceeds the setting value I and II respectively.

4

Vibration

4.1

Shaft vibration

In order to monitor the radial vibration of rotor related to the bearings, the 1#6# journal

bearings of unit are provided with two monitoring channels for shaft vibration respectively, one of which is in horizontal (X) direction and the other in vertical (Y) direction. That means there are total 12 channels. Corresponding to the shaft vibration measuring range of

0400μm, each channel of monitor will output the respective 420mA DC signal to the

DCS system for display. The alarm relay in respective channel of the monitor is actuated

to output the alarm signal while the shaft vibration in any channel 0.127mm. The

emergency relay in respective channel of the monitor is actuated to output the emergency

alarm signal while the shaft vibration in any channel 0.25mm.

4.2

Vibration at cover of bearing pedestal

In order to monitor the absolute vibration of bearing pad related to the free space, the 1#

6# journal bearings of unit are provided with a monitoring channel for vertical vibration at cover of bearing pedestal respectively. That means there are total 6 channels with total 6

speed transducers. Corresponding to the bearing pad vibration measuring range of 0100

μm, each channel of the monitor will output the respective 420mA DC signal to the

DCS system for display. The alarm relay in respective channel of the monitor is actuated

vibration at cover of bearing pedestal in any channel

to output the alarm signal while the

- 14 -

50μm. The emergency relay in respective channel of the monitor is actuated to output

the emergency alarm signal while the vibration at cover of bearing pedestal in any channel

 

80μm

 

0-3

Oil Pressure /Vacuum

1

General

The oil pressure/vacuum part of electric monitoring protection system of the steam turbine contains the destination of various signals related to the oil pressure and vacuum, as well as the various control logic of valves, oil pump and turning gear related to the oil pressure signal.

2

Tripping device for condenser low vacuum and lube oil low pressure

There are 4 vacuum switches mounted in the tripping device for condenser low vacuum and 7 pressure switches in the tripping device for lube oil low pressure.

2.1

Signal output from tripping device for condenser low vacuum

The vacuum switch PSB1 is actuated to output the alarm signal while the condenser vacuum becomes lower (i.e. the pressure in condenser P14.7kPa). Three vacuum

switches PSB2PSB4 are actuated to output the signal to the ETS for simultaneous alarm

while the condenser vacuum becomes too low ( i.e. the pressure in condenser P

19.7kPa).

2.2

Signal output from tripping device for lube oil low pressure

The pressure switch PSA1 is reset to output the alarm signal while the oil pressure in lube line P 0.049MPa. Meantime the pressure switch PSA2 is also reset to output the signal

for automatic starting the AC lube oil pump.

The Pressure switch PSA3 is reset to output the signal for automatic staring the DC emergency oil pump while the oil pressure in lube line P0.0392MPa. Meantime three

pressure switches PSA4PSA6 are also reset to output the signal to the ETS for

simultaneous alarm.

It’s unavoidable for the turbine to come into the turning status after idling during shut-down. So if the oil pressure in lube line continuously falls down to P

0.0294MPa,the pressure switch PSA7 will be reset to output the signal for turning stop and for alarm at same time.

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3

Logic control of two oil pumps for main oil reservoir

The turbine oil in protection system necessary for operation of steam turbine is supplied directly by the main oil pump mounted on the same shaft with turbine. The lube oil is supplied by the main oil pump through the oil injector. There are two oil pumps on the main oil reservoir. The AC lube oil pump is used to supply the oil for latching-on of the emergency tripping device during start-up of unit, as well as to supply the lube oil to the bearings, turning gear and oil jacking device during start-up and shut-down of unit instead of the oil injector at outlet of main oil pump, or to supply the lube oil to the above mentioned areas with the oil injector at outlet of main oil pump in parallel while the oil

pressure in lube line P 0.049MPa during operation of unit. The DC lube oil pump is

used to supply lube oil to all bearings of unit with the AC lube oil pump together while the

oil pressure in lube line P 0.0392MPa (at this moment the unit has received the

shut-down signal) or supply lube oil to all bearings of unit independently while the AC lube oil pump is out of work due to trouble, thus to make the unit coming into turning status after idling.

3.1 Logic control of AC lube oil pump

3.1.1 Automatic mode

There is a “Auto/Manual” selection pushbutton for AC lube oil pump in the DCS system and mounted on the block control panel in central control room. In case the pushbutton is selected in “Auto” mode, the AC lube oil pump will be put into operation automatically while the oil pressure at outlet of the main oil pump falls from the normal value down to P

1.8MPa, or the oil pressure in lube line falls down to P 0.049MPa, or the speed of

turbine falls down to n 2850 r/min during operation of unit. Unless the electric failure

happens with its motor, the AV lube oil pump will keep operation after automatic starting until change- over to the “Manual” mode. And only in this case the pump can be stopped with the “stop” pushbutton on UCP.

There are an oil draining solenoid valve 25YV and a pressure switch PSA2 for simultaneous test of AC lube oil pump mounted after the orifice in sampling pipe for lube oil pressure of the lube oil low pressure tripping device. After pressing down this simultaneous test pushbutton, the solenoid valve 25YV is energized to drain the oil , then the pressure switch PSA2 is reset to start the AC lube oil pump automatically through the

contact while the oil pressure falls down to P 0.049MPa.

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3.1.2

Manual mode

In case the pushbutton in DCS is selected in “Manual” mode it’s possible to start or stop

the AC lube oil pump any time by means of the start/stop pushbutton in DCS. The

requirement for regular test of this pump can be also met by this mode.

3.1.3 Signal

The DCS is provided with the signal lights for “Auto” mode, start and stop of this pump.

Also the alarm signal will be sent out while any electric trouble happens with the motor 301M of this pump.

3.2

Control logic of DC emergency oil pump

 

The

DC emergency oil pump is put into operation only while the failure happens with the

turbine. The DCS is provided with only the pushbuttons for start, stop and simultaneous

test

for this pump instead of the “Auto/Manual” mode selection pushbutton. In addition,

the signal light for “start” and “stop” of this pump must be provided. The emergency oil pump will start automatically while one of the following situations occurs during operation of unit:

a)The AC lube oil pump fails to automatic start due to under- voltage of control power

source for its motor or electric failure occurring

with its motor while the oil pressure in

lube

line falls down to P 0.049MPa;

b) There are an oil draining solenoid valve 26YV and a pressure switch PSA3 for simultaneous test of DC emergency oil pump mounted after the orifice in sampling pipe for lube oil pressure of the lube oil low pressure tripping device. After pressing down this simultaneous test pushbutton, the solenoid valve 26YV is energized to drain the oil , then the pressure switch PSA3 is reset to start the DC emergency oil pump automatically

through the contact while the oil pressure falls down to P 0.0392MPa.

The

DC emergency oil pump is un-necessary to be provided with any protection measures,

because it’s the last supplier of lube oil to the unit and to prevent the bearing pad of unit from burning out will be much valuable comparing with protecting the relative cheaper

DC

motor. For this reason only an alarm signal will be sent out while electric failure

happens with the motor 302M of pump.

 

4

Control logic of oil jacking pump

There are two oil pumps for the oil jacking device, one of which is for stand-by while the other one is being in work. The oil jacking pump is used to establish high pressure to force the shaft journal

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lifting-up during start-up and shut-down on unit, thus to create the necessary condition for turning the unit.

4.1 Automatic mode

The DCS is provided with a selection pushbutton “Auto/Manual” for 1#2# oil jacking

pumps. In case this pushbutton is selected in “Auto” mode, both pumps are under automatic control. The “Auto” mode is used during shut-down of unit. As soon as the turbine suffers tripping, its speed falls from 3000r/min down to 1200r/min and the 1# oil jacking pump receives the start signal first and time counting begins at same moment. If

the oil pressure at inlet of 1# oil jacking pump is normal(P0.1MPa), the pump will start

automatically. If 1# oil jacking pump fails to start within 5 sec. due to electric trouble, 2# oil jacking pump will start automatically on the premise of the oil pressure at its inlet

normal (P0.1MPa). In addition, if 1# oil jacking pump becomes out-of work due to

electric trouble during operation or due to oil pressure at its outlet lower than setting

value(P0.1MPa)during operation, 2# oil jacking pump will also start automatically on

the premise of the oil pressure at its inlet normal and vice versa. This kind of logic can meet the requirement for both pumps serve for stand-by each other.

After automatic starting, the oil jacking pumps will keep operation. They will stop automatically only when the speed of turbine becomes higher than 1200r/min, or oil pressure at outlet of pump is lower than setting value, or electric trouble happens with its motor. Alternately, they will stop by means of the “Stop” pushbutton after change-over to the “Manual” mode.

4.2 Manual mode

In case the pushbutton for oil jacking pump is selected in “Manual” mode, it’s possible to start or stop the oil jacking pump ant time as required by means of the start/stop pushbuttons in DCS. One of these two oil jacking pumps is able to start while the oil pressure at its inlet is normal and the other pump is not in working status. Any of these two pumps is able to start by means of pushbutton only when the other pump being in operation is out of work. It’s not allowed to put two oil jacking pumps into operation at same time.

4.3 Signal

The DCS is provided with the signal lights for “Auto” mode, start and stop of these two oil jacking pumps. The alarm signal will be sent out while electric trouble happens with the

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motors 303M, 304M of pumps. The alarm signal will be also sent out while the core of twin-shell oil filter or plate-type oil filter becomes plugging.

5 Logic control of turning gear

Before normal turning the lube oil line must work normally(P0.08MPa). The transmission of

turning gear is realized in following way: the motor transmits the movement to the swinging pinion after speed reducing, then the pinion is engaged with the gear rim on the rotor (engagement completed) to rotate the rotor. The procedures of tuning during start-up of the unit are as follows:

a)

Energize the solenoid valve to lead the pressurized oil in for relieving the interlock of swinging oil cylinder first, and moving the swinging cylinder with pinion in direction of the gear rim on rotor then.

b)

Start the motor and keep it running while the swinging pinion is engaged with the gear rim on rotor (engagement completed).

5.1 Automatic mode

The automatic turning mode is used during shut-down of unit. In case the selection pushbutton “Auto/Manual” for turning gear on the local control panel is selected in “Auto” mode, the above-mentioned two procedures a) and b) will be conducted automatically while the oil pressure in lube line and oil jacking line is normal and the

speed of turbine falls from the rated value down to zero (n 2r/min,contact signal sent by

ESI). Namely energize the solenoid valve first, start the motor for tuning after 30 sec. then. The purpose of time delay is to ensure sufficient time for swinging pinion to complete the engagement with the gear rim on rotor. The motor for turning will keep running while the turning gear completes engagement in place (the solenoid valve is de-energized at this moment).

The motor for turning will stop automatically while the oil pressure in lube line is too low

(P 0.0294MPa) or electric trouble happens with the motor.

5.2 Manual mode

In case the selection pushbutton “Auto/Manual” for turning gear on the local control panel is selected in “Manual” mode, it’s possible to control start and stop of the turning gear by means of the start and stop pushbuttons on the local control.

There are two kinds of manual mode, one of which is realized by the signal of pushbutton

“TG start” on the local control panel instead of the zero speed signal

and the other is realized by the

- 19 -

pushbuttons for “TG in” and “Motor start” respectively. In case the latter manual mode is used, the

solenoid valve is energized after pressing down the “TG in” pushbutton, then is de-energized until

reaching the “engagement completed” or the “stop” pushbutton is pressed. The motor is able to re-start

through pressing the “motor start” pushbutton only after 30 sec. while the oil pressure in oil jacking

line is normal.

A motor emergency start pushbutton is provided specially for the possibility to make the unit coming into turning in the emergency status such as the oil pressure in oil jacking line abnormal.

In addition, for convenience the local operation can be realized for such pushbuttons and lights as “TG start”, “TG in”, “TG stop”, “motor start”, “motor emergency start” and “disengagement” etc.

The “TG stop” pushbutton on the local control panel is able to be effective after pressing, no matter the turning gear is being in “Auto” or “Manual” mode.

It’s necessary to press the “TG stop” pushbutton first while the turning cut is required. Then press the “disengagement” pushbutton after falling down the speed of motor of turning gear to have the motor rotating backward for swinging pinion disengagement. Nothing will happen through directly pressing the “disengagement” pushbutton during turning process.

The rolling-up of turbine is realized in turning status. When the speed of turbine reaches a certain value, the swinging pinion will be disengaged automatically by the action of increased centrifugal force of gear rim on rotor. The motor of turning gear will stop automatically while the swinging pinion is in the disengagement status.

The local control panel is provided the corresponding interface for remote operation of the turning gear (from DCS).

5.3

Signal

The local control panel is provided with such signal lights as “Auto mode”, “Turning completed”, “disengagement completed” and “turning on” etc. An alarm signal will be sent out while electric trouble happens with the motor 307M of turning gear.

6 Various pressure signals for steam turbine

Various signals for steam pressure and oil pressure at turbine side are shown in the Fig. All measurement instruments for these pressures shall be supplied by the project owner itself.

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1 General

0-4 Temperature

The temperature part of the electric monitoring protection system of steam turbine contains the various temperature related measures taken to ensure the normal start-up and operation of turbine proper and its corresponding auxiliaries, as sell as the various temperature measuring points supplied by the turbine manufacturer.

2 Logic control of motor-driven valve for LP exhaust water spray device

There is a motor driven valve 401MV provided for LP exhaust water spray device. As required the water comes from the outlet of condensate pump and sprays out of the nozzles in the both LP exhausts at GOV. and GEN. Ends through the motor-driven valve, the duplex screen and the duplex manual throttling valve successively. The duplex screen is provided with the differential pressure transducer for plugging, one of screen is for working and the other for stand-by.

Logic control of motor-driven valve of water spray device

a) The DCS is provided with a “opening” pushbutton and a “closing” pushbutton for the valve. Both these buttons will become effective only when the “Auto/Manual” selection button for the valve is in the “Manual” position.

b) In case the “Auto/Manual” button for the valve is selected to the “Auto” mode, the motor driven valve will fully open automatically while the temperature at any of two measuring points for exhaust steam in LP hood

t80. And the valve will be fully closed while the temperature at both

measuring points is t 65.

c) There is an interlock between opening and closing of the valve, namely an interlock between rotating forward and backward of the valve driven motor.

d) The stop signal for valve opening will be sent out only when the full opening limit switch of the valve is not actuated, or the full closing limit switch is not actuated but the torque limit switch at opening side is actuated, or electric trouble happens with the valve driven motor.

e) The stop signal for valve closing will be sent out only when the torque limit switch at closing side is actuated, or electric trouble happens with the valve driven motor.

f) The signal will be sent out by the corresponding limit switch to the DCS system for

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display while the full opening and closing of the valve is completed.

g) There is an alarm signal appearing on DCS for display while electric trouble happens with the valve driven motor.

3 Control logic of turbine proper and its auxiliary systems

3.1 Control logic of motor driven valve 402MV before heating steam inlet header for inter-space between two shells of casing

a) During cold start, speeding –up and loading of steam turbine, the said valve shall be open according to the temperature difference of casing metal and the differential expansion between HP/IP casing and rotor and closed while the above mentioned temperature difference and differential expansion become stable after warming. So the UCP is provided with only an opening button, a closing button and an opening/closing stop button for the valve. The valve will be open only under such condition that the drain valve of heating steam inlet header for inter-space between two shells of casing has been open already.

b) The stop signal for valve closing will be sent out only when the torque limit switch at closing side is actuated, or electric trouble happens with the valve driven motor, or the stop button is pressed.

c) The signal will be sent out by the corresponding limit switch to the DCS system for display while the full opening and closing of the valve is completed. A resistance signal will be sent out by a potentiometer to reflect the valve position status while the valve is at the middle position.

d) There is an alarm signal appearing on DCS for display while electric trouble happens with the valve driven motor.

3.2 Control logic of pre-warming of casing

The pre-warming steam enters into the casing through two motor driven valves in series, the valve 403MV close to the casing is used as block valve and the other one 404MV as throttling valve.

When the pre-warming is required, the block valve is fully open automatically by the signal from the DEH and the throttling valve is slowly open by the operator with remote button according to the HP casing metal temperature. In order to stop the pre-warming, the DEH will send out the closing signal to close the block valve and throttling valve at same time. So the UCP is provided with a “Auto/Manual” selection button —— an

- 22 -

opening button, a closing button and an opening/closing stop button for two motor driven valves respectively. The requirement for temperature raising rate during pre-warming can be met by means of adjusting the reverse warming valve and drain valves at various sections to ensure the temperature difference of casing wall and the differential expansion within the allowable range.

There are two control modes for the casing pre-warming: “stop” and “manual in”. See points b), c) and d) in above item 3.1 for the corresponding signals of opening, closing and stop for these two valves. The motor driven throttling valve can be open only after the motor driven block valve is open.

3.2.1 Automatic mode

In case the “Auto/Manual” selection button for motor driven block valve and motor driven throttling valve on the UCP is in “Auto” mode, the opening and closing of the former valve and the closing of the latter valve will be controlled by the signal from the DEH. The opening of the latter valve can not be controlled automatically.

3.2.2 Manual mode

In case the “Auto/Manual” selection button for motor driven block valve and motor driven throttling valve on the UCP is in “Manual” mode, the opening of both valve can be controlled to meet the requirement for temperature raising rate and differential expansion during casing pre-warming by means of the opening button, closing button and stop button on the UCP.

3.3 The emergency relieve valve BDV is of the pneumatic closing type and controlled by

the air control solenoid valve TBSV. When the pre-inlet valve of 1or 2IV is fully

open, the corresponding servomotor leaves from full closing position and the valve TBSV is energized to close the valve BDV by the pneumatic force. In case the pre-inlet valve is not in full opening position, the valve TBSV is de-energized to open the valve BDV due to the compressed air source cut.

The valve BDV is provided with position switches for opening and closing to send out the signal to DCS for display.

3.4 Control logic of vent valve

There is a vent valve VV mounted in the HP exhaust steam pipe to keep vacuum of HP casing with condenser together for preventing the HP casing from overtemperature caused by windage effect during start with IP turbine or operation with lower load.

- 23 -

The pneumatic solenoid valve VSV to operate the opening/closing of the vent valve VV is controlled by the contact signal of “open VV valve” from the DEH. The VV valve is open while the signal contact is closing and is closed while the contact is open. The following procedures have been realized by the logic of DEH:

a) The VV valve is closed during pre-warming and holding period of HP casing.

b) The VV valve is open during start with IP turbine and is closed until change-over between HP and IP casings.

It should be emphasized that the VV valve for this unit is located downstream the exhaust of HP casing, and shall not be open with closing the GV to prevent the unit from overspeed.

4 Control logic of demisting fan of main oil reservoir

There are two demisting fans mounted on the main oil reservoir, one of which is for normal working and the other one for stand-by. The DCS is provided with start and stop buttons for the demisting fans. The 1# fan shall start and keep operation before the oil system of turbine putting into operation. The other fan is able to start manually while the fan being in operation is out of work due to trouble.

The demisting fans are provided with local start and stop lamps. Also an alarm signal will be sent out to UCP and DAS while electric trouble happens with the fan driven motor.

5 Control logic of heater for main oil reservoir

The main oil reservoir is provided with 6 electric heaters which is divided into two groups composed of three heaters for each in three-phase 380V star-connected circuit. The UCP is provided with a start button, a stop button, a power-on button and a power-off button for each group of heaters. In addition, an alarm signal will be sent out to DCS while trouble happened with the heater.

The “power-on” lamp turns on while any of three heaters in same group is energized. But the “power-off” lamp turns on only when all three heaters in same group are de-energized.

The condition for putting heater into operation is: the oil level in main oil reservoir normal (not in lower level), the AC lube oil pump or the DC emergency oil pump being in work and the oil temperature in oil reservoir low.

In order to avoid degradation of turbine oil quality due to overtemperature on surface of heater, the thermal resistance is provided for the surface of heater. The heating process

- 24 -

will be intercepted while the temperature on surface of heater is 140. In addition, the

heating process will be also intercepted while the oil temperature in oil reservoir is 35

, or electric trouble happens with heater (e.g. actuation of protection switch due to

overload or short circuit).

6 Various temperature signals of steam turbine

Fig.1317 show various temperature signals for bearing metal and drain oil from bearings of

turbine in detail and illustrate the type and application of thermal element. It should be noted that the Dongfang Steam Turbine Works is responsible only to provide the primary thermal element in its supply scope. The project owner shall be responsible for the primary thermal element including the following transducer in its scope.

1 General

0-5 Auxiliaries

The auxiliaries part of electric monitoring protection system for steam turbine contains the control logics for various motor-driven valves, solenoid valves and other motors in draining system, pneumatic system for extraction check valves and HP exhaust check valves and self sealing system of turbine proper.

2 Control logic of pneumatic valves in draining system for turbine proper

During start-up, shut-down and operation with lower load, or under abnormal operation condition of turbine, any condensate in turbine proper and piping shall be drained through motor-driven drain valves to avoid rotor bending or components damage caused by the water entering into the casing. There are total 13 motor-driven drain pumps in draining

system of turbine, 7 from which are at HP section (501PV507PV in logic diagram),4 at IP

section (508PV511PV) and 2 at LP section (512PV, 513PV). All these drain valves are

controlled by their own air control solenoid valves(501SV 513SV)respectively for

opening and closing.

The pneumatic actuating system of these drain valves is composed of air control solenoid valve, diaphragm-type actuator, and limit switches for full opening and full closing of valve. The DCS is provided with a “Auto/Manual” selection button, a opening button and a closing button.

2.1 Automatic control mode for pneumatic valves

In case the “Auto/Manual” selection button for any drain valve on the DCS is in the “Auto”

- 25 -

mode, the said drain valve is under automatic control for its opening and closing.

In automatic mode, the drain valve will be open while the oil switch of generator changes from closing to opening, because the tripping of oil switch leads to de-energizing of the air control solenoid valve, thus to cut the air source for pneumatic drain valves.

In automatic mode, as soon as the load of generator rises to 10%, 20%, 30% of rated value,

the DEH will send out signals to energize the air control solenoid valves for HP, IP and LP sections successively for closing the drain valves at these sections by the action of compressed air force. And when the load of generator falls down to 30%, 20%, 10% of rated value, the DEH will send out signals to de-energize the air control solenoid valves for HP, IP and LP sections successively for opening the drain valves at these sections due to air source cutting.

2.2 Manual control mode for pneumatic valves

In case the “Auto/Manual” selection button for any drain valve on the DCS is in the “Manual” mode, the said valve is under manual control. In this case the said drain valve can be open or closed by means of the local opening button or closing button for this valve.

3 Control logic of check valves in pneumatic system of extraction and HP exhaust check valves

The steam turbine is provided with check valves at all extraction ports with the purpose to avoid overspeed caused by the steam in feedwater heaters returning back into the casing through extraction piping due to pressure reducing during load rejection. And the check valves mounted at HP exhaust are used to avoid the low temperature steam in reheater of boiler returning back to HP casing during hot start and load rejection.

There are total 10 check valves (514PV521PV in logic diagram) at extraction ports and 2

check valves 522PV, 523PV in logic diagram) at HP exhaust. The “free state” of extraction check valve is defined as it can be open while the working medium flows forward and be closed while the working medium flows backward.

The DCS is provided with an “Auto/Manual” selection button, a manual opening button and

a manual closing button for each check valve. Also the DCS is provided with the

corresponding lamps to indicate the check valves being in “Auto” mode. In addition, the DCS is also provided with signal lamps to indicate the extraction check valves being in closing status and two check valves at HP exhaust being in opening status as well as the corresponding alarm signals.

- 26 -

3.1 Automatic control mode of extraction check valves

In case the “Auto/Manual” selection button for extraction check valves on the DCS is in the “Auto” mode, the said check valves are under automatic control for its opening and closing.

3.1.1 Automatic control mode of extraction check valves leading to feedwater heaters

There are total 8 extraction check valves leading to feedwater heaters, namely:

a) #1 extraction check valve 514PV leading to #3 HP heater JG3.

b) #2 extraction check valve 515PV leading to #3 HP heater JG2.

c) #3 extraction check valve 516PV leading to #1 HP heater JG1.

d) #4 extraction check valve 517PV, 518PV leading to deaerator (CY and house service steam).

e) #4 extraction check valve 519PV leading to the BFPT.

f) #5 extraction check valve 520PV leading to #4 LP heater JD4.

g) #6 extraction check valve 521PV leading to #3 LP heater JD3.

3.1.1.1 Any of above mentioned extraction check valves will be open automatically while the following conditions are met at same time:

a) The corresponding heater (deaerator) has be put into working.

b) The water level in corresponding heater (deaerator) is normal.

c) The oil switch of generator didn’t change from closing to opening.

d) The main stop valve is full open.

3.1.1.2 Any of above mentioned extraction check valves will be closed automatically while one of following conditions is met:

a) The oil switch of generator trips (from closing to opening).

b) All electric tripping signals are cut or the main stop valve is fully closed.

c) The water level in corresponding heater (deaerator) is too high.

d) The corresponding heater (deaerator) in cut manually.

3.1.2

Automatic control mode of extraction check valve for house service and BFPT

This is the #4 extraction check valve 519PV for BFPT.

3.1.2.1

while the following conditions are met at same time:

The above mentioned extraction check valve will be open automatically

a) The oil switch of generator didn’t change from closing to opening.

b) The main stop valve is open.

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3.1.2.2

The above mentioned extraction check valve will be closed automatically

while one of following conditions is met

a) The oil switch of generator trips (from closing to opening).

b) All electric tripping signals are cut.

c) The main stop valve in fully closed.

The #4 extraction check valve 519PV for BFPT will be also closed automatically while the tripping signal is sent out by the BFPT.

3.2 Automatic control mode of two HP exhaust check valves

In case the “Auto/Manual” selection button on DCS for two HP exhaust check valves is in the “Auto” mode, these two check valves will be under automatic control for opening ( in free state) and closing (forced closing).

When the main stop valve is open, two HP exhaust check valves will be open automatically and come into free state. These two check valves will be closed while the mode of start with IP turbine is selected and the change-over of valves is not performed at same time, or all electric tripping signals are cut or the main stop valve is fully closed.

3.3 Manual control mode of check valves

In case the “Auto/Manual” selection button on DCS for any check valve is in the “Manual” mode, the said check valve will be under the manual control for its opening and closing. In this case the said check valve can be open or closed by means of the local opening button or closing button respectively.

4 Control logic of motor-driven block valves in self-sealing system of turbine

There are total 10 motor-driven block valves in self-sealing system of turbine, namely the block valve 502MV, regulating valve 504MV and bypass block valve 503MV of auxiliary steam supply in control station for auxiliary gland steam; the block valve 505MV, regulating valve 507MV and bypass block valve 506MV of main steam supply in control station for main gland steam; the overflow regulating valve 508MV and bypass block valve 509MV in control station for gland overflow; as well as the block valve 510MV, regulating valve 511MV of cooling water supply for LP gland steam desuperheater.

4.1 Automatic control mode of motor- driven block valve

The DCS is provided with the “Auto/Manual” selection button only for the auxiliary steam supply valve in control station for auxiliary gland steam. In case the selection button is in

- 28 -

the “Auto” mode, the said valve will be under automatic control.

Under various starting conditions of turbine, the auxiliary gland steam supply valve will

be open automatically while the steam temperature before the said valve is normal (210

t260), or the oil switch of generator changes from closing to opening and the steam

temperature before auxiliary gland steam supply valve

t260at same time. The said valve will be closed automatically while the oil switch of

generator changes from closing to opening and the steam temperature before auxiliary

gland steam supply valve t<210at same time.

4.2 Manual control mode of motor-driven block valves

In case the “Auto/Manual “ selection button on DCS for auxiliary gland steam supply valve is in the “Manual” mode, the said valve will be under manual control. The rest 9 motor-driven valves in self-sealing system of turbine can be controlled only manually.

The auxiliary gland steam supply valve can be controlled for full opening or full closing by means of the corresponding opening button or closing button on the DCS respectively.

The rest 9 motor-driven valves in self-sealing system are provided with not only the opening button and the closing button, but also the stop button, so the opening of these valves can be controlled.

The control logic for 10 motor-driven valves in self-sealing system are as follows:

a) There is the interlock between opening and closing provided to these valves, i e. between forward and backward rotating of the valve driven motor.

b) In case the stop button is not pressed, the signal for opening stop of the valve will be sent out while the full opening limit switch of the valve is actuated, or the full closing limit switch of the valve is not actuated but the torque limit switch at opening side is actuated, or electric trouble happens with the valve driven motor.

c) In case the stop button is not pressed, the signal for closing stop of the valve will be sent out while the torque limit switch at closing side is actuated, or electric trouble happens with the valve driven motor.

d) The DCS is provided with signal lamps corresponding to the “opening/closing completed” and “Auto mode” of the valve. The indication lamps for opening and closing of the valve are controlled by the position switch on corresponding motor-driven valve.

e) There will be alarm signal output on DCS while electric trouble happens with the

- 29 -

valve driven motor.

4.3 Control logic of valve driven motors

See the drawing and information supplied by the supplier with equipment together for concrete requirement of control for motor-driven regulating valves.

5 Control logic of motors in gland system

Each steam turbine is provided with two gland fans, one of which is for stand-by while the other one is being working. The control logic for both fans is same as follows:

a) The DCS is provided with the corresponding “Auto/Manual” selection button, a start button and a stop button.

b) In “Auto“ mode the stop signal of one fan just is the start signal of the other fan.

c) Both fans will start at same time while the pressure in inlet manifold of fans P

5kPa.

d) In “Auto” mode the stop signal will be sent out only while electric trouble happens with the fan driven motor but in “Manual” mode the stop signal will be sent out also by means of the stop button.

e) The DCS is provided with the signal lamps corresponding to the start, stop and “Auto” mode of fans.

f) There will be alarm signal output on DCS while electric trouble happens with the fan driven motors.

1 General

0-6

ETS

The Emergency Trip System (ETS) of steam turbine is able to start automatically the closing loop while trouble occurring with turbine, tripping occurring with generator and tripping occurring with main fuel of boiler, thus to fast close the steam inlet valves( main stop valves and control valves). The ETS is composed of mechanical-hydraulic and electric-hydraulic parts. That means the trouble can be detected in mechanical mode and electric mode. But the closing of steam inlet valves is controlled by the hydraulic control and protection system finally.

2 Mechanical-hydraulic emergency tripping

The emergency governor is a mechanical detector for overspeed trouble. In case the speed

of turbine reaches n3300r/min, a stop ring will be flies out by the action of centrifugal

force to actuate the emergency tripping device. The emergency tripping device changes

- 30 -

the moving direction of the trip valve in tripping isolation valve group to drain the HP control oil. After the HP control oil is drained, the overspeed limiting control oil is also drained through the check valve. As a result the control oil pressure in dump valves for servomotors of steam inlet valves disappears and the dump valves are open. Then the pressure oil in both upper and lower chambers of servomotors is connected to the drain port through the opened dump valves to fast close the steam inlet valves. After full closing of the main stop valves the limiting switch signal will be sent out to the check valves through electric control loop.

3 Electric-hydraulic emergency tripping

This is an electric mode to detect the trouble occurring with turbine, the tripping occurring with generator and the tripping occurring with main fuel of boiler and also to send out the electric tripping signal to the mechanical tripping electric magnet 3YV at same time.

As soon as the electric tripping signal is sent to the mechanical tripping electric magnet 3YV, the latte will be energized to actuate the emergency tripping device through linkage mechanism. The following process will be performed as same as described in above point

2.

Although the extraction check valves can be closed by the signal after full closing of the main stop valve, various electric tripping signals will be sent to the above solenoid valves and the check valves at same time to fast close the latter valves.

4 Electric tripping signals

The electric tripping signals of ETS for the steam turbine are as follows:

a) Manual stop button in center control room.

b) Overspeed: In case the speed of turbine rises to 3300r/min and above, the overspeed relays in overspeed monitoring channels of ETS are actuated and the tripping signal is sent out after processing by the ETS in 2 out of 3 logic through the output contact.

c) Lube oil low pressure: In case the oil pressure in lube line P0.0392MPa (which is

the setting value for pressure switch as mentioned above), three pressure switches

PSA4PSA6 in lube oil low pressure tripping device will be reset and three

normal-closed contacts will send out the tripping signal after processing by the ETS in 2 out of 3 logic.

d) Fire-resistant oil low pressure: In case the oil pressure in fire-resistant oil line is too lower, three pressure switches in resistant oil manifold supplied by the DEH

- 31 -

manufacturer will be reset and three normal-closed contacts will send out the tripping signal after processing by the ETS in 2 out of 3 logic.

e) Condenser low vacuum: In case the pressure in condenser P19.7kPa, three

vacuum switches P19.7kPa in condenser low vacuum tripping device are actuated

and three normal-open contacts will send out the tripping signal after processing by the ETS in 2 out of 3 logic.

f) Axial displacement too big: In case the shaft displacement related to thrust bearing

increases (1.2mm or -1.65mm. It should be noted that the working pads of

thrust bearing in this turbine are mounted at generator end, so the axial displacement will be positive while the shaft moves in the direction of generator and be negative while the shaft moves in the direction of head of unit), the axial displacement emergency relay in dual- channel axial displacement monitor will be closed after processing in TSI in “AND” logic and the normal-open contacts will be used as tripping signal.

g) The steam turbine will suffer tripping by trouble with main fuel of boiler and trouble with generator, the former signal will be supplied by the boiler manufacturer and the latter signal by the generator manufacturer.

h) Shaft vibration too high: The TSI will send out the shaft vibration too high signal

while the shaft vibration in X axis at any of 1#6bearings is too high(

0.25mm) or the shaft vibration in Y axis at any of 1#6bearings is too high(

0.25mm). Above mentioned combination logic has conducted in the TSI and a contact signal is sent out by the TSI to the ETS for turbine tripping.

i) DEH tripping: This is the turbine tripping signal supplied by the DEH manufacturer and contains the turbine overspeed monitored by DEH, DEH speed signal trouble

and etc

It’s used to output the shut-down contact signal for turbine tripping.

j) Other signals for shut-down of unit

- 32 -

Section2

Manual of emergency tripping device of steam turbine

General Introduction

The emergency tripping system receives the alarm signal or tripping signal from TSI system

or other system of steam turboset to conduct logical process and send alarm signal of

indicating lamp or tripping signal of steam turbine. Duplex PLCs (programmable controller)

are selected by us to conduct logical process so as to facilitate the usage and reliable operation.

The duplex PLCs work at the same time, any action can send alarm signal. In case the trouble

happens with any PlC, it can send alarm signal of itself and switch-off its tripping logical

output, another is still at normal work. This device can communicate with other system so as

to meet the automation requirement of power plant.

0-1 Device description

1. ETS device includes one control cabinet. The series programmable controller (PLC) made

by Siemens Company S7-300, German is substituted for traditional relay logic to realize

the inner logic. In order to improve the reliability and safety of ETS device, we adopt the

duplex PLC. The hardware distribution is as follows:

PLC Processor PLC input module PLC input module PLC output module PLC power supply

2. Environment conditions

TSX P57 102M TSX DEY 08D2 TSX DEY 16D2 TSX DSY 16T2 TSX PSY 2600M

Operating environment:555

Relative humidity:35%85%RH (without dewing)

Vibration:2.0G (1055Hz) Without caustic gas and conductive dust.

3. Stand-by batteries

One groove used for putting the battery is equipped on battery module to supply power for

inner RAM of processor and protect the data after the PLC power-off. Such battery is

supplied with CPU module.

While putting through the power source, CPU module monitors the status of battery. In case

the red alarm signal on BAT indicating lamp flashes during occurring failure, it shall be

replaced at once. The battery is replaced during power-on or within a short time of

- 33 -

power-off. Otherwise the data in RAM will be lost after removing the battery for 10min.

Caution: In order to protect the device, the battery shall be replaced every year.

4. Brief description of control cabinet

The control cabinet diagram refers to the first sheet of M913-042000A please.

0-2 Working principle

1. The duplex PLCs of ETS device works at the same time. The signal from site input to A

PLC and B PLC of the device, and the corresponding output signal are sent out after auto

processing by inner logic. Give an example of “steam turbine over-speed”, the electric

tripping signal inputs to PLC A and PLC B of device to process, and the tripping signal

outputs at the same time.

2. In case the trouble happens with any of PLC A/B, the alarm signal of the said PLC can be

sent to cut the tripping output contact automatically, and the other PLC will keep normal

working. The logic scheme of duplex PLC working/tripping is shown in Fig. 0-2-1.

tripping A PLC A Normal tripping A Tripping tripping B tripping B PLC B Normal
tripping A
PLC A Normal
tripping A
Tripping
tripping B
tripping B
PLC B Normal
Figure 0-2-1 Duplex PLC working principle diagram

3. Two ways power source switching-over loop are equipped for ETS device. In case the

trouble happens with one power source, it can continue working by means of switching

over to another power source loop automatically. In case the trouble happens with the both

master/slave power source, one AC power source power-off alarm signal is sent. +24V

power source is provided for whole device after two QUINT-PS power source with

redundance. Such power sources together with TSX PLP 01 failure all inputs one +24V

power source power-off alarm signal.

4. This device shall be deigned according to the logic required by customer.

5. All input/output and wiring diagram of this device see from drawing0-2-2 to drawing 0-2-5.

The control logical scheme of device sees drawing from 0-2-6 to drawing 0-2-7.

- 34 -

Tripping 1 for electrical over-speed D1 terminal row Tripping 2 for electrical over-speed field input
Tripping 1 for electrical over-speed
D1 terminal row
Tripping 2 for electrical over-speed
field input signal
Tripping for generator failure
Tripping 3 for electrical over-speed
Tripping for boiler failure
Tripping for shaft vibration big
Tripping by DEH
Manual tripping
Tripping stand-by 1
Tripping
for axial displacement big
Tripping stand-by 2
Tripping for condenser vacuum low.
Tripping stand-by 3
Tripping 2 for condenser vacuum low
Standby
terminal
Tripping 3 for condenser vacuum low
Test for HP tripping solenoid valve 1
Tripping 1 for lube oil pressure low
Test for HP tripping solenoid valve 2
Tripping 2 for lube oil pressure low
Test for HP tripping solenoid valve 3
Tripping 3 for lube oil pressure low
Test for HP tripping solenoid valve 3
Tripping 1 for EH oil pressure
Tripping 2 for EH oil pressure
Reset signal
Tripping 3 for EH oil pressure
Standby terminal

Figure 0-2-2

Terminal wiring diagram (1)

(+) D1 Terminal row (+) (+) D1 Terminal row (+) master power source (+) master
(+)
D1 Terminal row
(+)
(+)
D1 Terminal row
(+)
master power source
(+)
master power source
(+)
slave power source
(+)
slave power source
(+)
output power source for
master breaker
(+)
output power source for
master breaker
(+)
output power source for
slave breaker
output power source for
slave breaker
Terminal for protection
(+)
(+)
(+)
Lighting power source
(+)
Input power source for
interference suppressor
(+)
Lighting power source
(+)
Input
power
source
for
interference suppressor
PLC working power source
(terminal for protection)
PLC working power source
(terminal for protection)
PLC working power source
(terminal for protection)
24V power source
(terminal for protection)
24V power source
(terminal for protection)
24V power source
(terminal for protection)
24V power source
(terminal for protection)
24V power source
(terminal for protection)
24V power source
(terminal for protection)
24V power source
(terminal for protection)
24V power source
(terminal for protection)
24V power source
(terminal for protection)
24V power source
(terminal for protection)
24V power source
(terminal for protection)
24V power source
(terminal for protection)
24V power source
(terminal for protection)
24V power source
(terminal for protection)
24V power source
(terminal for protection)
24V power source
(terminal for protection)
24V power source
(terminal for protection)
(+)
PLC working power source
(terminal for protection)
PLC working power source
(terminal for protection)
PLC working power source
(terminal for protection)
PLC working power source
PLC working power source
PLC working power source
PLC working power source
PLC working power source
PLC working power source

Figure 0-2-3 Terminal wiring diagram (2)

Tripping output 1 for D2 Terminal row electrical over-speed Tripping signal output Tripping output 2
Tripping output 1 for D2 Terminal row electrical over-speed Tripping signal output Tripping output 2
Tripping
output
1
for
D2 Terminal row
electrical over-speed
Tripping signal output
Tripping
output
2
for
electrical over-speed
Tripping output 1 for generator
failure
Tripping 1 for shaft vibration
Tripping failure
output
2
for
generator
Tripping 2 for shaft vibration
Tripping output 1 for boiler failure
Tripping output 2 for boiler failure
Tripping output 1 for DEH
Tripping output 2 for DEH
Manual tripping output 1
Manual tripping output 2
Tripping
output
1
for
axial
displacement big
Tripping
output
2
for
axial
displacement big
Tripping stand-by 1, output 1
Tripping output 1 for condenser
vacuum low
Tripping stand-by 1, output 1
Tripping output 2 for condenser
vacuum low
Tripping stand-by 2, output 1
Tripping
output
1
for
lube
oil
pressure low
Tripping stand-by 2, output 1
Tripping
output
2
for
lube
oil
pressure low
Tripping stand-by 3, output 1
Tripping
output
1
for
EH
oil
pressure low
Tripping
output
2
for
EH
oil
Tripping stand-by 3, output 1
pressure low
stand-by
terminal
Figure 0-2-4 Terminal wiring diagram (3)
Tripping output Slave power source Test for HP tripping power-off alarm output Test for HP
Tripping output
Slave power
source
Test for HP tripping
power-off alarm output
Test for HP tripping solenoid
valve 2
Master/slave power source
power-off alarm output 1
Test for HP tripping solenoid
valve 3
24VDC power-off alarm
Test for HP tripping solenoid
valve 4
Test for HP tripping solenoid
valve 4
Tripping signal to DEH
Tripping output 1
Tripping output 2
Tripping output 3
Alarm Output
Tripping output 4
PLC A failure alarm output
PLC B failure alarm output
Master power supply power-off alarm
output
stand-by terminal
stand-by terminal

Figure 0-2-5 Terminal wiring diagram (4)

Signal for generator failure Reset signal output The first way tripping output of generator failure
Signal for generator failure Reset signal output The first way tripping output of generator failure
Signal for generator failure
Reset signal output
The first way tripping output
of generator failure
The second way tripping output
of generator failure
reset button
reset signal output
reset signal
Tripping signal of boiler failure
Reset signal output
The first way tripping output of
boiler failure
The second way tripping output
of boiler failure
DEH tripping signal
Reset signal output
Tripping signal for shaft
vibration big
Reset signal output
The first way tripping output of
DEH
The second way tripping output
of
The first way tripping of shaft
vibration big
The second way tripping of
shaft vibration big
Manual tripping signal
Reset signal output
tripping stand-by signal 1
reset signal output
The first way of manual
tripping output
The second way of manual
tripping output
tripping stand-by 1, the first
way of tripping output
tripping stand-by 1, the second
way of tripping output
tripping A
Tripping signal to DEH
Tripping signal for axial
displacement big
Reset signal output
tripping stand-by
signal 1
reset signal output
Tripping signal to DEH
The first way tripping output of
axial displacement big
The second way tripping output of
axial displacement big
tripping stand-by 2, the first
way of tripping output
tripping stand-by 2, the second
way of tripping output
Tripping output 1
1Tripping signal 1 for condenser vacuum low
2Tripping signal 2 for condenser vacuum low
3Tripping signal 2 for condenser vacuum low
Tripping output 2
Reset signal
output
tripping stand-by
signal 1
reset signal output
Tripping output 3
The first way tripping output of
condenser vacuum low
The second way tripping output of
condenser vacuum low
tripping stand-by 3, the first
way of tripping output
tripping stand-by 3, the second
way of tripping output
Tripping output 4
1Tripping signal 1 for lube oil pressure low
2Tripping signal 2 for lube oil pressure low
3Tripping signal 3 for lube oil pressure low
Reset signal
output
The first way tripping output of
lube oil pressure low
The second way tripping output of
lube oil pressure low
1Tripping signal 1 for EH oil pressure low
Note: The logic of PLC A is same as that of PLC B.
2Tripping signal 2 for EH oil pressure low
Reset signal
3Tripping signal 3 for EH oil pressure low
output
The first way tripping output for
EH oil pressure low
The second way tripping output for
EH oil pressure low
Indicates the indicator light of this machine
Indicates the indicator light of this machine
Indicates the output contact
Indicates the output contact
1Tripping signal 1 for electrical over-speed
2Tripping signal 2 for electrical over-speed
Reset signal
3Tripping signal 3 for electrical over-speed
output
The first way tripping output of
electrical over-speed
The second way tripping output of
electrical over-speed
Figure 0-2-6 Logic diagram (1)
2 out of 3
2 out of 3
2 out of 3
2 out of 3

Test output (often close) for HP tripping solenoid valve 1 Test output (often close) for HP tripping solenoid valve 2 Test output (often close) for HP tripping solenoid valve 3 Test output (often close) for HP tripping solenoid valve 4

Note: The logic of PLC A is same as that of PLC B.
Note: The logic of PLC A is same as that of PLC B.

Test signal for HP tripping

solenoid valve1

Test signal for HP tripping solenoid 2

Test signal for HP tripping solenoid 3

Test signal for HP tripping solenoid valve 4

Figure 0-2-7 Logical diagram

0-3

Function

1

Power-on Switch-on the master, slave power source breaker, the indicating lamp is on and the voltage indicating is normal.

2

Tripping: The tripping signal shall be sent by PLC while the following items occur. The steam turbine will trip for shut-down.

a)

Steam turbine over-speed (2 out of 3)

b)

Axial displacement

c)

EH oil pressure too low (2 out of 3)

d)

Condenser vacuum too low (2 out of 3)

e)

Lube oil pressure too low (2 out of 3)

f)

Steam turbine vibration too high;

g)

Tripping by DEH;

h)

Generator tripping;

i)

Main fuel of boiler;

j)

Manual tripping; Stand-by 1 for tripping

m)

Stand-by 3 for tripping

0-4 Power-on self-checking Connect two lines of 220VAC power source to the input of master, slave breaker for

ETS device, and then switch-on breaker, the indicating of voltage meter on device

panel is correct, and the indicating lamp of master, slave power source is on, the

+24V power source indicating of device is normal. At this time, the PLC starts

self-checking. The “RUN” indicating lamp of CPU is on after finishing self-checking.

The ETS device can be put into operation in site.

0-5 Maintenance This device is full controlled by computer. The complete check and test shall be

performed before putting into operation. It can be put into operation after free of

troubles. The check and test include the following:

a) Check whether the master, slave power source work normally.

b) The anti-interference suppresser is equipped to prevent the strong interference

signal input into control cabinet. Care for whether the indicating of voltage

meter on device cabinet is correct. The power source distribution of control

cabinet sees 0-5-1 scheme;

c) Remove the dust in control cabinet;

d) Replace the failed components. Master To Rack Light and Fan power source of Breaker
d) Replace the failed components.
Master
To Rack Light and Fan
power
source
of
Breaker
Anti-interference
Anti-interference
Slave
suppresser K
suppresser K
power
source
of
Breaker
Slave suppresser K suppresser K power source of Breaker Figure 0-5-1 Wiring scheme of power source

Figure 0-5-1 Wiring scheme of power source

- 41 -

section3

Instruction on automatic operation device for turning gear

0-1

Overview

The automatic operation device of turning gear is used to provide an operation loop for realizing the manual or automatic turning of unit. In automatic turning mode the device receives the zero speed signal from TSI system. The programmable logic controller (PLC) is adopted for the device to realize the logic control. In order to improve the start-up feature during putting into operation of the turning gear the device is also provided with a soft start-stop block, which is able to stop turning automatically while the oil-jacking pump is out-of- work, lube oil pressure is lower than certain value, or the turning current is too higher.

0-2 Device Description

The automatic operation device of turning gear contains a control cabinet, where the internal logic is realized by the PLC of TSX serial from Schneider Atomization Company instead of the traditional relay logic.

1 PLC input/output

Input power supply: AC100AC240V ca.50VA Input signal voltage: DC24V

Input:

16(with common contact supplied by TSX DEY 16D2 block)

16 (with common contact supplied by TSX DEY 16D2 block)

Output: 16 (with common contact supplied by TSX DSY 16R5 block)

16 (with common contact supplied by TSX DSY 16T2 block)

2 Working environment

Ambient temperature:

Relative humidity:

Anti-vibration capability: In accordance to IEC 68-2-6, Fc test.

555

3095%RHwithout dewing

3 Hardware feature

Control power supply: AV 220V single-phase 50Hz

4 Feature of Softstart:

4.1

The

soft

start-stop

block

“Softstart”

is

able

to

control

the

start-stop

of

AC

three-phase motor and provide the start-stop parameters.

4.2 “Regulation-display” option

There are terminal marks on the panel for 12 control loops

Terminal

Application

1, 2, 3

Power supply L, N, PE

4, 5, 6

Start-stop loop

 

7, 8

Fault signal loop

- 42 -

9, 10

Start-up completion indication relay loop (bypass)

11, 12

Connection to external current transformer

Status indication

Application

ON

Green

Ready

TOP OF RAMP

Green

Normal operation

EXTERNAL FAULT

Red

Motor and software missing

GENERAL FAULT

Red

Power supply side missing

The Softstart is provided with 3 rotary setting switches and a two-position toggle switch.

Start-up curve: Set the raising time of voltage during start-up with 16 adjustable steps in range of 1-30 sec.

Shut-down curve: Set the falling speed of voltage during start-up with 16 adjustable steps in range of 0-30 sec. The immediate stop can be realized while choosing the 0 sec.

Initial voltage/limiting voltage: Set the initial voltage level for start-up curve and the final voltage level for shut-down curve. In case the current transformer T2 is connected to the terminals 11 and 12, set the limiting voltage with the same rotary switch as that for initial voltage setting.

5 Description of control cabinet

The control cabinet is shown in Fig. 0-2-1.

- 43 -

Fig.0-2-1 Control cabinet scheme 1-Voltmeter; 2-Amperemeter; 3-Turning indication; 4-“Disengagement completed”

Fig.0-2-1

Control cabinet scheme

1-Voltmeter; 2-Amperemeter; 3-Turning indication; 4-“Disengagement completed” indication; 5-“engagement completed” indication; 6-“Oil jacking pressure normal” indication; 7-“lube oil pressure normal/lower” indication; 8-“Turning admission” indication; 9-“Motor stop” indication; 10-Power lamp; 11-“Turning admission” selection switch; 12-“Local control selection switch; 13-“Manual/Auto” selection switch; 14-Lamp test pushbutton; 15-“SV action” pushbutton; 16-“Inching / in” pushbutton; 17-“TG stop” pushbutton; 18-“Test/bypass” pushbutton; 19- Turning-off pushbutto

0-3

Working Principle

1. The control scheme of turning gear is shown in Fig.0-3-1, the circuit scheme of control

loop and main loop are shown in Fig.0-3-2, and Fig.0-3-3 respectively and the control

logic scheme is shown in Fig.0-3-4.

control Softstart AC reducer turbine system(PL turning motor C) gear AC motor Fig. 0-3-1 control
control
Softstart
AC
reducer
turbine
system(PL
turning
motor
C)
gear
AC
motor
Fig. 0-3-1 control scheme of automatic turning gear

The three-phase power supply of turning gear is connected to the Softstart of motor

through the AC contactor in control loop. Then the output of Softstart of motor is sent

to the motor to drive the turning gear. According to the control requirement, the PLC

controls the solenoid valve for oil entering/draining in hydraulic mechanism and the

forward/backward rotation of the motor driving the turning gear.

2. Features of device The device is able to realize such functions as automatic turning at zero speed, Manual auto-turning, emergency turning, low oil pressure protection and remote control etc. Since the imported PLC is adopted as the logic control component in the device and all control logics are established by PLC software (ladder logic diagram), the control is very flexible and the function is powerful. Also the imported ABB Softstart is used for the drive motor, so as to reduce the attack to the motor and turning gear of turbine, as well as to put the turning gear into operation smoothly and accurately. The wiring of the device is quite clear and easy and convenient for maintenance. See the corresponding system logic diagram and the PLC ladder logic diagram for concrete control logic in detail. 3. Working principle According to the requirement of system logic for turning gear, the control cabinet of automatic operation device for turning gear shall receive the effective signal from the contact for “oil jacking pressure normal” and ‘lube oil pressure normal” to meet the external “turning admission” conditions, otherwise the control cabinet should reject to start the drive motor of turning gear. In order to proper put the turning gear into operation, the brief explanation is given for related operation and logic relationship of three turning modes during start-up hereafter.

a) Automatic turning at zero speed As soon as the TSI sends out the zero speed signal to the control cabinet for turning after meeting the external “turning admission” conditions and selecting the automatic turning mode, the PLC in the control cabinet will energize the solenoid valve automatically after confirming the receiving of zero speed signal (usually the stable zero speed signal will be confirmed automatically with delay of about 30 sec.

by the system after receiving), so as to make the turning gear of turbine engaged through hydraulic actuation mechanism. After 30 sec. while the solenoid valve is energized, the PLC in control cabinet for turning begins to check whether the “engagement completed” signal has been received. In case the “engagement completed” signal has not been received, the motor for turning will periodically turn forward in short time and in small steps through the Softstart to facilitate engagement between gears. In case the “engagement completed” signal has been received, the motor will start automatically and keep operation for turning. In case the “engagement completed” signal still has not been received after small moving the motor twice with above mentioned method, the motor for turning will be forced to start, then the solenoid valve will automatically de-energized after motor running for 10 sec. to complete the automatic putting into operation of the turning gear. As soon as pressing down the “TG STOP” pushbutton at any time, the motor for turning will stop. The “TG STOP” pushbutton is an alternative one while the “engagement completed” signal is effective to prevent the motor for turning from automatic start due to not disengagement or the “engagement completed” signal still existing while relieving the “TG STOP” pushbutton.

b) Manual auto-turning mode The working principle in manual auto-turning mode is similar as that mentioned above with the exception of a serial operation to be done manually. First of all the external “turning admission” conditions shall be met. Then select the manual turning mode and press down the “SV ACTION” pushbutton to complete the engagement of turning gear through hydraulic actuation mechanism. In case the control device for turning has received the “engagement completed” signal, it will start the motor for turning automatically and de-energize the solenoid valve after 10 sec. In case the control device for turning has not received the “engagement completed” signal, it will force the motor for turning to start. As soon as pressing down the “TG STOP” pushbutton at any time, the motor for turning will stop. The “TG STOP” pushbutton is an alternative one while the “engagement completed” signal is effective to prevent the motor for turning from

automatic start due to not disengagement or the “engagement completed” signal still existing while relieving the “TG STOP” pushbutton.

c) Emergency turning mode The emergency turning mode has to be used to ensure the rotor of turbine rotating while the external condition for “turning admission” is not met yet, e.g. lube oil pressure low, oil jacking pressure abnormal, or other electric fault existing. But this mode shall be used very attentively, because the additional wear of damage will occur with bearing pad in this case. As soon as pressing down the “TEST AND BYPASS” pushbutton any time in manual turning mode, all safety protection functions for the motor will be lost. In case of pressing down the “INCHING AND IN” pushbutton, the motor for turning will directly start. Naturally, it’s also possible to try to complete the engagement of turning gear by means of pressing down the “SV ACTION” pushbutton first. The “TEST AND BYPASS” pushbutton is an alternative one and this function can be removed as necessary by pressing this pushbutton to have the lamp off in normal case. As soon as pressing down the “TG STOP” pushbutton at any time, the motor for turning will stop. Meantime the “TEST AND BYPASS” Function will lost automatically and the lamp will be off.

Fig.0-3-2 Control loop circuit scheme

Fig.0-3-2

Control loop circuit scheme

Fig.0-3-3 Main loop circuit scheme 4. It’s possible to realize remote control for the turning

Fig.0-3-3 Main loop circuit scheme

4. It’s possible to realize remote control for the turning operation device. All wiring for remote control has been connected to the terminal bar. The various outputs have been also connected to the corresponding terminals and can be led out from the terminal bar by the customer according to the concrete situation. There is an interlock between local control cabinet and remote operation, only one of them could come into action any time. The selection switch 12 is used for control priority selection. The local control becomes effective and the remote control becomes non-effective while the switch is in “LOCAL CONTROL” position. The remote control becomes effective and the local control becomes non-effective while the switch is in “REMOTE CONTROL” position (See Fig. 0-3-4 for logic control ladder diagram).

0-4 TEST

1. Power-on test Connect the power supply of AC380V to the terminal bar and close the breaker QF1 and

MS450. The putting into operation and on-line test can be conducted on site while the power indication lamp on the panel turns on and the indication of voltmeter on the panel of equipment is proper to show the automatic turning gear has come into normal operation. 2 Check for Softstart The various parameters of Softstart can be properly changed according to the concrete situation of power plant.

3 Local control test Set the selection switch 12 to the “LOCAL CONTROL” position to make the local control effective and the remote control non-effective.

3.1 Lamp test

Press down the “Lamp test” pushbutton on the panel to make sure that all lamps shall turn on. And all lamps shall return to their original status while relieving the pushbutton.

3.2 Adjustment and test of turning gear

3.2.1 Manual operation test Set the selection pushbutton “Auto/Manual” to the “Manual” position and turn the key switch to the “TG admission” position. If make sure through check that the “TG ADMISSION” lamp 8, “POWER SUPPLY” lamp 10 and “TG MOTOR STOP” lamp 9 turn on and 380V AC is indicated on the voltmeter, the condition for turning has been met. 3.2.1.1 Solenoid valve action test Bridge the lube oil pressure switches JD9, JD10 and the oil jacking pressure switches JD7, JD8, then press the “SV ACTION” pushbutton 15 to have the “SV ACTION” lamp on. If make sure through check that the voltage 220V AC has been established at the output terminals JD34, JD35 of solenoid valve, 30sec. later the turning contactor KM2 is actuated

every 2 sec. to indicate small movement of motor, the contactor KM2 is forced to close after small movement two times, and the motor turns forward, the turning of unit begins.

3.2.1.2 Turning test

Bridge the “engagement completed” limit switches JD3, JD4 before the third forced closing. If the turning contactor KM2 is closed, the “TG RUNNING” lamp 3 turns on and the motor runs forward, the turning begins.

3.2.1.3 “Test and bypass” test

Cut any line from oil jacking pressure switches JD7, JD8 and lube oil pressure switches JD9, JD10 , press the “TEST AND BYPASS” pushbutton 18 first to have the lamp on and press the “INCHING AND IN” pushbutton 16 then. If the turning contactor KM2 is also closed at this time, the “TG RUNNING” lamp turns on and the motor runs forward, the turning begins.

3.2.1.4 Stop test

Press the “TG STOP” pushbutton 17. If the “TG STOP” lamp turns on and the turning contactor KM2 powers off, the shut-down of unit is performed normally.

Press the “TG TRANSFER” pushbutton 19. If the disengagement contactor KM3 is closed and the motor runs backward, the disengagement is performed normally. If bridge the “disengagement completed” switches JD1, JD2 at this moment, the contactor KM3 shall be power-off, the motor stops running backward and the “TG MOTOR STOP” lamp HL9 turns on. 3.2.2 Automatic operation test Set the “Auto/Manual” selection pushbutton on the panel to the “Auto” position and turn the key switch to the “TG ADMISSION” position. If make sure through check that the “TG ADMISSION” lamp 8, “POWER SUPPLY” lamp 10 and “TG MOTOR STOP” lamp 9 turn

on, as well as 380V AC is indicated on the voltmeter, the condition for turning has been met.

3.2.2.1 Solenoid valve action test

Bridge the oil jacking pressure switches JD7, JD8 and the lube oil pressure switches JD9, JD10, also bridge the zero speed signals JD5, JD6. If make sure through check that the voltage 220V AC has been established at the output terminals JD34, JD35 of solenoid valve,

30sec. later the turning contactor KM2 is actuated every 2 sec. to indicate small movement of motor, the contactor KM2 is forced to close after small movement two times, and the motor turns forward, the turning of unit begins.

3.2.2.2 Turning test

Bridge the “engagement completed” switches JD3, JD4 before the third forced closing. If

the turning contactor KM2 is closed, the “TG RUNNING” lamp 3 turns on and the motor runs forward, the turning begins.

3.2.2.3 Stop test

Press the “TG STOP” pushbutton 17. If the “TG STOP” lamp turns on and the turning

contactor KM2 powers off, the shut-down of unit is performed normally.

3.2.2.4 Disengagement test

Press the “TG TRANSFER” pushbutton 18 to have the “TG TRANSFER” lamp on. If the disengagement contactor KM3 is closed and the motor runs backward, the disengagement is performed normally. If bridge the “disengagement completed” switches JD1, JD2 at this moment, the contactor KM3 shall be power-off, the motor stops running backward and the “TG MOTOR STOP” lamp HL9 turns on. 3.2.3 Inching operation test Set the selection switch 13 to the middle position, i.e. to the “INCHING” position. Bridge the oil jacking pressure switches JD7, JD8 and the lube oil pressure switches JD9, JD10, then press the “INCHING AND IN” pushbutton 16. At this moment the turning contactor KM2 is closed, the “TG RUNNING” lamp 3 turns on, and the motor turns forward. Thus the inching function can be realized by relieving the pushbutton to have the turning contactor KM2 power-off.

4 Remote control test Set the selection switch 12 to the “REMOTE CONTROL” position. In this case the remote control will become effective and the local control un-effective. 4.1 Lamp test Bridge the remote control “LAMP TEST” switches JD16, JD22 and all lamps on the panel

shall turn on. And all lamps shall return to their original status while removing the bridge wire. 4.2 Adjustment and test of turning gear

4.2.1 Manual operation test

Set the remote selection pushbutton to the “Manual” position and bridge the switches JD13andJD22. Then press the “TG remote admission” pushbutton to bridge the switches

JD15andJD22. If make sure through check that the “TG ADMISSION” lamp 8, “POWER SUPPLY” lamp 10 and “TG MOTOR STOP” lamp 9 turn on and 380V AC is indicated on the voltmeter, the condition for turning has been met.

4.2.1.1 Solenoid valve action test

Bridge the oil jacking pressure switches JD7, JD8 and the lube oil pressure switches JD9, JD10, also bridge the “solenoid valve remote action” switches JD17andJD22. The “SV ACTION” lamp will turn on at this moment. If make sure through check that the voltage 220V AC has been established at the output terminals JD34, JD35 of solenoid valve, 30sec.

later the turning contactor KM2 is actuated every 2 sec. to indicate small movement of

motor, the contactor KM2 is forced to close after small movement two times, and the motor turns forward, the turning of unit begins.

4.2.1.2 Turning test

Bridge the oil jacking pressure switches JD7, JD8 and the lube oil pressure switches JD9,

JD10. Then bridge the “engagement completed” switches JD3, JD4 before the third forced closing. If the turning contactor KM2 is closed, the “TG RUNNING” lamp 3 turns on and the motor runs forward, the turning begins.

4.2.1.3 “Test and bypass” test

Cut any line from oil jacking pressure switches JD7, JD8 and lube oil pressure switches JD9, JD10 and bridge the “remote test and bypass” switches JD18andJD22 to have the lamps on. Then bridge the “Remote inching and in” switches JD20andJD46. If the turning contactor KM2 is closed at this time, the “TG RUNNING” lamp turns on and the motor runs forward, the turning begins.

4.2.1.4 Stop test

Bridge the “TG STOP” switches JD19andJD22. If the “TG STOP” lamp turns on and the turning contactor KM2 is power-off, the shut-down of unit is performed normally.

4.2.1.5 Disengagement test

Bridge the “remote disengagement” switches JD21andJD22. If the disengagement contactor KM3 is closed and the motor runs backward, the disengagement is performed normally. If bridge the “disengagement completed” switches JD1, JD2 at this moment, the contactor KM3 shall be power-off, the motor stops running backward and the “TG MOTOR STOP” lamp HL9 turns on.

4.2.2 Automatic operation test

Remove all bridge wires and set the remote selection pushbutton on the panel to the “Auto” position to bridge the switches JD14, JD22. Then press the “REMOTE TG ADMISSION” pushbutton to bridge the switches JD15, JD22. If make sure through check that the “TG

ADMISSION” lamp 8, “POWER SUPPLY” lamp 10 and “TG MOTOR STOP” lamp 9 turn

on, as well as 380V AC is indicated on the voltmeter, the condition for turning has been met.

4.2.2.1 Solenoid valve action test

Bridge the oil jacking pressure switches JD7, JD8 and the lube oil pressure switches JD9, JD10, also bridge the zero speed signals JD5, JD6. If make sure through check after 30 sec. that the voltage 220V AC has been established at the output terminals JD34, JD35 of

solenoid valve, another 30sec. later the turning contactor KM2 is actuated every 2 sec. to indicate small movement of motor, the contactor KM2 is forced to close after small movement two times, and the motor turns forward, the turning of unit begins.

4.2.2.2 Turning test

Bridge the “engagement completed” switches JD3, JD4 before the third forced closing. If 30 sec latter the turning contactor KM2 is closed, the “TG RUNNING” lamp 3 turns on and the motor runs forward, the turning begins.

4.2.2.3 Stop test

Bridge the “TG STOP” switches JD19andJD22. If the “TG STOP” lamp turns on and the turning contactor KM2 is power-off, the shut-down of unit is performed normally.

4.2.2.4 Disengagement test

Bridge the “remote disengagement” switches JD21andJD22. The “TG TRANSFER” lamp turns on. If the disengagement contactor KM3 is closed at this moment and the motor runs backward, the disengagement is performed normally. If bridge the “disengagement completed” switches JD1, JD2 at this moment, the contactor KM3 shall be power-off, the motor stops running backward and the “TG MOTOR STOP” lamp HL9 turns on. 4.2.3 Inching operation test Set the remote selection switch to the middle position, i.e. to the “INCHING” position. Bridge the oil jacking pressure switches JD7, JD8 and the lube oil pressure switches JD9, JD10, then press the “INCHING AND IN” pushbutton 16. At this moment the turning contactor KM2 is closed, the “TG RUNNING” lamp 3 turns on, and the motor turns forward. Thus the inching function can be realized by relieving the pushbutton to have the turning contactor KM2 power-off.

0-5

Maintenance

The whole device is controlled by the computer with advanced PLC and Softstart, which shall be

subjected to full check and test as follows before putting into operation to confirm their proper function:

a) Check for proper function of the power supplyAC380V, AC220V.

b) Check for proper indication of voltmeter on the panel.

c) Clean up the dust in control cabinet

d) Check for proper function of all indication lamps on the panel by means of the “LAMP TEST” pushbutton.

e) Replace the defective element.

section4

Digital Electro-hyraulic (DEH) Control System Specifications

1 Overview

In this chapter the control principle of steam turbine control system and the structural features of 300MW steam turbine generator unit (hereafter referred to as the Unit) are presented.

1-1 Introduction With the progress of computer technology, the Distributed Computer System (DSC) control based on microprocessors is more and more widely used. The emergence of digital electro-hyraulic (DEH) control systems has broken the fact that the adjustment of steam turbine could only be finished by the special steam turbine maintainers who were heat engineers more often than not. Meanwhile, for turbine operators, besides the technological process of the control system, computer knowledge is also very important. Aiming at the