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Regulation: 2008 Year : 2012-2013

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I -F -E -T College of Engineering Department of Computer Science & Engineering


SUBJECT CODE: GE2112 SUBJECT NAME: Fundamentals of Computing BATCH: 2012-2016 YEAR/SEM: I Yr / I Sem

Question bank
Unit - 2 COMPUTER SOFTWARE
Computer Software Types of Software Software Development Steps Internet Evolution - Basic Internet Terminology Getting connected to Internet Applications -

1. (i)Explain briefly about the computer software with examples and its types -(8)
1. Computer software collection, program, perform task. 2. Program software sequence of instruction, perform task, computer. 3. Software language implementation, program, way to execute. 4. Program execution process, carries out, execution. 5. Software categories instances system software, application software, program software. 6. Classification of ss OS, MS-DOS, UNIX, WINDOWS. 7. Features of ss work together, hardware, software, 8. Features of application software data processing, faster, effective. 9. Application & system software types of software, MS-DOS, word processing. 10. Classifications of application software two, customized, General application S/W. 11. Logical system architecture - hardware, software, user. 12. System software example - OS, MS-DOS, UNIX. 13. Application software example spreadsheet, Database, accounting package.

(ii) State the relationship and differences between Software and Hardware - (8)
14. Interconnections & devices interface, allow communicating, many computers. 15. Examples for hardware and software CD-ROM, Monitor, operating systems. 16. Interdependency s/w & h/w program, module, physical component. 17. Task in software establishment set of task, trust on network, system. 18. Installation of software loading, software, computer. 19. Assembling mounting, computer, components. 20. S/w & h/w incorporation Oracle Inc, system software Inc, NEXT software inc. 21. Hardware & software interpreter, procedures, all computer setups. 22. Relationship between S/w & h/w programs, loaded, devices. 23. Components of software OS, utilities, language processor. 24. Components of hardware input, output, memory, control unit. 25. Language constraints S/w & h/w BASIC, COBAL, 1s, 0s.

2. Discuss in detail about system software and explain the language translator briefly - (16)
1. System software programs to operate, control, extend processing capabilities. 2. Types of system software two, Operating system, language processor. 3. Disk defragmenters utility, designed, to increase access. IFETCE/CSE/I Yr/I Sem/GE2112/FOC/Unit 2/ST/Version 1 -1

Regulation: 2008

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Year : 2012-2013 4. System profilers program provide information, software installed, hardware attached. 5. Virus scanners test, exposure, online security. 6. Archive non-profit, digital library, access to books. 7. Text editor type of program, editing text files, software development packages. 8. Compression source coding, bit rate reduction, encode information. 9. Encryption transforming information, cypher text, authorized people. 10. SS in language translators converts, high level language, low level language. 11. Operating System software, manage, hardware. 12. Utility software help analyze, configure, optimize. 13. Network software - designed, manage, computer networks. 14. Language translators identify, translate ,convert , other language. 15. Lexical analysis compiler process of converting, characters, tokens. 16. Assembler program, translate, low level representations. 17. Interpreter executes, performs, instruction in programming language. 18. Translators one language, convert, another language. 19. Loader part of OS, responsible for loading programs, one of the essential stage. 20. Linker program, generated by compiler, combines. 21. Macro processor not integrated, language, piece of software. 22. Assembly language low level programming, computers, machine language instruction. 23. Types of s/w under utilities - Backup Utilities, data backup tool, copy all the information. 24. Security software - generic term, computer program or library, help secure computer 25.
network. Advantages of system software made for OS, run smother, than old systems.

3. Elaborate about the features of Operating System and its functions - (16) 1. Role of operating system programs, control, supervises. 2. Features of operating system load, allocates, control, accommodate. 3. Kernel main part, heart, operating system. 4. Various functions of operating system controls, performs task, schedules new job. 5. Memory management - act of managing, computer memory, provide ways to dynamically allocate. 6. Process management - ensemble of activities, planning and monitoring, performance. 7. File management - computer program, provides a user interface, work with file systems. 8. Device management - technologies, protocols, standards, remote. 9. Security management - broad field, related, asset, physical security. 10. User interface interaction, between, humans, machines occurs. 11. Network issues of OS performance,architecture,processing. 12. Multiprocessing running, more programs, simultaneously. 13. Categories of OS two, control programs, service programs. 14. Control program program, manage, system and resources, monitor. 15. Service program program, provide service, user. 16. Functions of control program resource allocation, job management, data management. 17. Traffic control technique, delays, datagrams, rate limiting. 18. System resource manager application, runs, virtual machine,service. 19. Single user OS one user program, main memory, remain till execution. 20. Multi user OS supervise processing; manage inputs outputs, memory allocation. 21. Time sharing OS handle multiple jobs, switch between jobs, simultaneous process. 22. Real time OS real time applications, capture data, processed quickly.

IFETCE/CSE/I Yr/I Sem/GE2112/FOC/Unit 2/ST/Version 1 -1

Regulation: 2008 Year : 2012-2013 23. 24. 25.

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5 common operating systems SOS, MOS, TOS, RTOS, VSOS. Virtual storage OS demand paging techniques, program size, loading in memory. OS differs from VM- provides, common services, isolated guest.

4. Discuss in detail about application software and 1. Application software software, capabilities,task

its types - (16)

2. Application putting, special use, purpose 3. Application packages in Windows - media players, office suites, games 4. Types of application software- Customised, General, Utility software 5. Types of enterprise infrastructure software - databases, email servers,networks security. 6. Types of IWS - Word processors, spreadsheets, individual media editors. 7. Types of MES - HTML editors,digital-animation,digital audio composition 8. Types of entertainment software - Digital pets ,Screen savers ,Video games 9. Types of ES - Classroom management,Reference software,,Survey management 10. Types of MDS- Image organizer, Game development tool, Media content. 11. Types of PES - Hardware , Software, engineering, 12. Commercial software developed, business organizations, earn profit 13. Types of commercial software MAYA,Photoshop,coreldraw. 14. Standalone programs - does not load, external module, library function, program 15. Software suites collection, user interface ,exchange data. 16. Shareware programs - proprietary software,without payment,trial basis 17. Freeware available,use ,no cost. 18. Open source software software, available,source code , some rights 19. Application software advantages requirements, less, attacks 20. Features of word processing program- typing, editing, formatting 21. Features of spreadsheet program- capturing, analyzing, sharing. 22. Features of presentation program- package.display information, graphic images. 23. Desktop publishing lists, other pages, additional information. 24. Internet software and email software- Internet, creating, sending, receiving mails. 25. Computer programming languages communicate, instructions, machine
5. Write

any 20 functions present in MS-Excel with their functions - (16)

1. MS-Excel & features - calculation, graphing tools, pivot tables 2. SUM function - adds numbers, returns ,result. 3. AVERAGE function - calculating, Average Value, list. 4. IF function- condition, evaluates , process. 5. COUNT function counts, cells, range, meets,criteria. 6. IFCOUNT function -count up, times, data, Selected , cells. 7. MAX function - find , largest, list , values. 8. SUMIF function adds, numbers,cells, criteria. 9. STDEV function quickly, calculate, standard deviation. 10. FACT function returns, factorial , number. 11. POWER function returns, result, raised, power. 12. SQRT function provide,e square root, number. 13. AND function returns, TRUE,FALSE,condition. 14. OR function returns, TRUE, if any, conditions,TRUE. 15. LOG function logarithm, number, specified base. 16. LOG10 function returns, base-10, logarithm, number. IFETCE/CSE/I Yr/I Sem/GE2112/FOC/Unit 2/ST/Version 1 -1

Regulation: 2008 Year : 2012-2013 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25.
ROUND function number, rounded, specified, digits. NOW function returns, current, system date ,time. CONCATENATE function - allows , join , more strings, together. FIND function returns, location , substring, string REPLACE function replaces, characters, string,anotherr set.. TRIM function - text value,leading,trailing ,spaces removed. SUBSTITUTE function replaces, set, characters, another. ABS function returns, absolute value, number. ADDRESS function - returns, text ,representation , cell address.

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6. Explain in detail about the steps involved in software development - (16) 1. Goal/objectives of software complexity of code, tendency of project goals, software. 2. Software process passes, different phases, usable application. 3. System development life cycle phases, software development, steps. 4. System & components Latin word,structure,behavior,interconnectivity. 5. System personal system analyst, system designer, programmers. 6. Role of user person, requirements, check, collect. 7. Role of system analyst - get requirements, central control, system. 8. Role of system designer specialist, designs system, full fill user information needs. 9. Role of programmer - person, codes industry, programming language. 10. Role of project management team project management, size of team, number of users 11. Phases of software development requirement analysis, design development, testing. 12. Abbreviate SDLC software development life cycle, sequence of events, new system. 13. Flow diagram for SDLC - requirement analysis, design development, testing & .. 14. Requirement analysis phase identify, document, user requirement. 15. Design process phase process of designing, specification, implemented. 16. Development or coding phase translated, perform task, system. 17. Testing phase process of executing, proposed software, testing begins. 18. Implementation phase stage, new application, installation, initial training. 19. Aim of requirement analysis identify, document, user requirement. 20. Abbreviate SRS software requirement specification, produce, document. 21. SRS requirement analysis, document, specify all requirement. 22. Effects of design process process of designing, specification, implement. 23. Types of testing executing proposed software, black box testing, white box testing 24. Maintenance phase last component, warranty, support contract. 25. Feasibility study stage evaluation, problem solving, technical and behavioral cost. 7. Describe in detail about the evolution of Internet - (16) 1. Internet worldwide, publically accessible, interconnected computers. 2. LAN & ARPANET local area network, advanced, research projects, agency network. 3. Cyber space Services, virtual area, provided, internet. 4. ARPANET network, packet, routed, different, paths. 5. Networks in early days 1973, connect ARPANET, packet radio network. 6. Internet evolution in telegraph 1836, revolutionized human communication, slower. 7. Internet evolution in transatlantic cable direct communication, cables connect, hub. 8. Internet evolution in telephone 1876, backbone, modem, digital to audio. 9. Internet evolution in Sputnik 1957, global communication, department of defence. 10. Internet evolution in packet switching 1962-1968, military, data in packets.

IFETCE/CSE/I Yr/I Sem/GE2112/FOC/Unit 2/ST/Version 1 -1

Regulation: 2008 Year : 2012-2013 11. Internet birth 1969, research into networking, first node at UCSB. 12. Protocols used for internet TCP/IP, Packet network interconnection, basis. 13. News groups born in internet 1979, established in USA, multiuser sights. 14. TCP/IP DCA & ARPNET, connected networks, event provide e-mail. 15. Internet commercialized 1987, number of host, UUNET found with Usenix funds. 16. Abbreviate IRC internet relay chats, 1988, backbone. 17. WWW 1991, world wide web, friendly user. 18. Term internet service provider IAP, provide service, User. 19. Web browser software applications, user interact, easy access to information. 20. Microsoft in internet 1996, internet phones, versions. 21. Surfing in the internet web browser, user, interacts. 22. Multimedia-media, combination,any forms. 23. Search engine - Google, Yahoo, answers to users question. 24. Dial-up systems internet access connection, operates, standard, telephone line. 25. FTP protocol, allows, copy, system, network.
8.

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(i) How the internet differs from the World Wide Web? (4)
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
Web resource, information, connected by networks. Use of URL URI, uniform syntax, global identifier. Internet & www publically accessible, World Wide Web, interconnected network. Need of internet protocol & standard increase,speed,reduced,cost. Use of HTTP perform various task, word definition, application open. Internet & www synonymous gobal,network,sharing,protocol. Network of networks Few ,computers,connection,together. 8. Services provided by www navigation,accessibility,processing.

(ii) Discuss about the most important basic internet terminologies - (12)
9. Web page document, HTML, accessible through HTTP. 10. Designing of web page resource of information, suitable for www, web browser. 11. Web site collection of web page, digital assets, accessible through internet. 12. Homepage URL, loads when browser starts, front page. 13. Benefits of web browsers quick, easy access to information, many pages. 14. Example of web browser Google chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera. 15. Meanings of URL universal resource locator, uniform resource identifier, uniform resource locator. 16. Abbreviate ISP internet service provider, provides, service to user. 17. Hypertext text on computer, information and demand, perform various task. 18. Web server computer program, responsible for accepting request, data content. 19. Examples of web servers Iexplorer,mozila,chrome. 20. Term online operating, under,direct control,computer. 21. Term off line - not directly, controlled, computer , external network. 22. Term download process of receiving data, remote system , receive and send. 23. Term upload send data, local system, remote system. 24. HTML standardized, system, tagging, text files. 25. Languages designing web pages HTML,XML,JAVA.
9. Explain in detail about the steps for getting connected to internet 1. Hierarchy of internet LAN. MAN, VAN. 2. Term Point Of Presence place, local user, access company network.

- (16)

IFETCE/CSE/I Yr/I Sem/GE2112/FOC/Unit 2/ST/Version 1 -1

Regulation: 2008 Year : 2012-2013 3. Network access point (NAP) traffic, between customer, pass information. 4. Router send information, specialized, information,location. 5. Uses of router information delivered, information secured, route. 6. Types of internet bridged-duplicated,simentanous,transparent. 7. Advantages of router- low,cost,maintanence,small space. 8. Backbones internet fiber optics, trunk lines, increase capacity. 9. Trunk lines in the internet multiple fiber optics, increase capacity, transmit data. 10. Fiber optic cables OC-3, OC-12, OC-48, transmit 2.4 Gbps 11. Range of modem internet 10 MHz,processor,cost. 12. IP address - unique identifying number, internet protocol, communicate. 13. Protocol predefined, user service task, web browser. 14. General format of typical IP 192.168.10.1, internet protocol, designed format. 15. Computer understands IP address binary corm,unique,system,no duplicate. 16. Octets IP address class,address,universal. 17. DNS translates, Internet domain, , host names, , IP addresses. 18. Uniform resource locator uses web address,URl,standard, forms. 19. Client and server relating,system,central server,work stations. 20. Role of DNS naming computer,network services,domain control. 21. Method to connect internet-modem,telephone,lan cable. 22. Role of client -information,processing,distributing,data. 23. Role of server authorization,backup,report generation. 24. TOP level domains root zone,qualified domain,ICANN. 25. COM first-level domain gTLD, sTLD, ccTLD.
10. Elaborate about the Applications of Internet - (16) 1. Internet & internet services group of computers, www, E-mail chat. 2. Connect the internet in the computers phone line, fiber optics, coaxial cables. 3. Different areas of internet applications education,hospital,business. 4. Security- provisions, policies, adopted ,authorized access. resources. 5. Four popular web browsers google,yahoo,rediff,wikipidiea. 6. E-Mail system, electronic communication,compose message. 7. Create e-mail account - go to website, sign up, fill information. 8. Format of e-mail address name, @, server name. 9. Advantages of e-mail fast, easy, liable communication. 10. Chat application back & forth, online conversation, no extra charges. 11. Remote Access - Connect, information store, depending on requirements. 12. VPN virtual private network, complete access, files data. 13. Advantages of Remote Access time reduced,cost,performance,increased. 14. Collaboration in the internet broad, in-depth, views, new technology. 15. File sharing in the internet - public or private, sharing, access ,privilege. 16. Protocols for file sharing-FTP, HTTP, UDP. 17. Streaming media in the internet - multimedia, receives,end-user,delivery. 18. Abbreviate VOIP Voice,Over,Internet,Protocol. 19. Voice telephony - objects, writing, telephone, speech, applications. 20. Advantages of FTP transfer,large files,automatic,backup,control data. 21. Telnet - protocol, allows, user, logon, same network. 22. Advantages of Telnet powerful,access,largedata,remote access.

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IFETCE/CSE/I Yr/I Sem/GE2112/FOC/Unit 2/ST/Version 1 -1

Regulation: 2008 Year : 2012-2013 23. Advantages of IRC instant messaging,speed,reliable. 24. Video conferencing allow, communication, simultaneous, transmissions. 25. Newsgroups group, Internet users,exchange,e-mail.

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IFETCE/CSE/I Yr/I Sem/GE2112/FOC/Unit 2/ST/Version 1 -1