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A SUMMARY OF OUR VISIT TO SGS (industry visit) As soon as we got of the bus,we saw the tall looming structre

of SGS right infront of us. It looked quite impressive.once inside our industry visit started startin with the textile laboratory

It is a chemical lab where the experts analyse the type of fabric by its burning properties and chemical identification. 70%sulphuric acid dissolves cotton and 60% dissolves viscose. in this lab color fastness of different fabrics through different waters are also tested according to different countries usage. For eg multifiber is differernt like double width fiber and is used for European and indian market while single fiber is used to USA market.


PRECIPOMETER: This is a device used to maintain temperature. Rather its like a hot oven it has 21 plates and fabric is kept inside for 4 hours at 37degree. How to analyse a sample? Take a glass slide and take glycerine and take yarn or fiber and place it on the slide and then place another cover slide over it and look under the microscope. Different fiber has different structure. The burning test is done to find out if the fiber is cellogic or synthetic.

The FLAMMABILITY ROOM in this room the burning properties of fabrics are checked by different methods.a fabric specimen is cut and test is done to see in how much time the whole fabric burns. This test has 3 clauses

WET LAB LEATHER AND FOOTWEAR LAB: In this lab ,the properties of leather were checked and there were different machines and devices that we saw ,in the actual testing process for eg

RUB FASTNESS TESTER> it checks the fastness of color.wool felt is used in this test. The purpose of this test is to see how much of the leathers colour transfers to the wool.

DRY TESTING AND WET TESTING> in this device the number of cycles are set

FLEX SOLE TESTER>this device is used to check the sole durability. In this test 30 thousand cycles are set and the sample is kept for a duration of 4 hours.

WHOLE SHOE FLEXING MACHINE<this device is used to check for defects in the upper of the shoe

ROTATION DRUM ABRASION TESTER> this device is used to check the durability of the sole against rough surfaces. In this the sample is tested for half an hour.

BALLY LEATHER FLEXING TESTER> this device is used to check the upper leather of shoes for cracks

WET SECTION: The tests conducted in this section are done to check the property of colour. In this test a solution of ecphosphate and sodium perforate is made and then put in the laundometer. A fabric swatch is placed in a metal jug with some steel balls. Iso is 105c06.the laundrometer is set at 40 degrees and then after this process blotting is done to remove the excess water and then dried.for drycleaning perchloro etyline is used in the case of leather.

DIFFERENT TYPES OF WASHING MACHINES: MIELE MACHINE AND WASCATOR MACHINE Different washing machines are used for the samples according to what market they are catering to. Top loading machines are also there.

DRYCLEANING AREA: There are different types of drying. They also have a drycleaning plant which acts as a conditioning room in which physical properties of fabrics are tested like tensile strength,rubbing,abrasion etc..

CREASE RECOVERY TESTER: this machine is used for elastic fabrics to check the stretchibility .

COLOUR FASTNESS TESTER: this device has a hot surface and the fabric is pressed on so as to check the colour fastness

PUSH AND PULL TESTER: this device is also called the thermal insulation transfer tester. It is used to check the insulation for hand gloves.

SPRAY TESTER: it is a water spray test to check the water repellancy of the fabric.

SNAGGING: this test is only done for ladies garment.

OZONE TEST CHAMBER: this test is done to test the colour fastness of denims.colour fastness test by rubbing is done for Japanese garments.

ZIPPER ENDURANCE TESTER: this device checks the endurance of the zippers

PILLING AND ABRASION TEST:this device tests the wear and tear of the garment and the pill formation due to friction.

CRIMP TESTER AND TWISTING: these are machines that test the tensile strength of the fabric samples.physical parameters of fabric are tested this machine the fabric is pulled to test its tensile strength.

ASSESSMENT AREA: This is the place where the assessment of the samples and the sample rating is done.we saw 4assessment boxes 2 for Europe and 2 for US. this is the stage when color checking and restrictive substance testing is done.

ORGANIC EXTRACTION ROOM AND INORGANIC EXTRACTION ROOM: This is the room where the digestion is done which is followed by a thorough analysis and report generation.