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K L University ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT B.

Tech- IV Year/I Semester (2012) COURSE HANDOUT Course code Course Title Course Structure : EE-412. : ELECRICAL DRIVES. : 3-1-2.

Course Co-ordinate : Team members : Punith Kumar Y, M. Srikanth, Teja Srinu.

1. COURSE DESCRIPTION: Electrical Drives play a vital role in engineering and industry both in country and abroad. It is therefore essential that students of electrical engineering have a proper grounding in this subject. Conventional courses in Electrical Machines, are not adequate for the purpose as electric motors do not by themselves constitute an electrical drive and their characteristics have to be studied keeping in mind the types of control schemes (such as those using thyristor circuits) and the dynamics of the load. On the other hand, courses on Control systems, Industrial Electronics and Power Electronics do not devote sufficient attention to electrical motor characteristics and mechanical load demands. The motor torque speed characteristics may not match with the load torque speed characteristics. The Subject deals with the design of Power Semiconductor Converters for Various electrical machines to enable them meet the required load torque speed characteristics. 2. SCOPE & OBJECTIVE OF THE COURSE:
The primary objective of this course is to introduce the fundamentals of electric drives

according to the needs of the industry a right combination of both conventional and modern. It also deals with the dynamics and control of electric drives; selection of motor rating; starting, braking, transient operation and speed control of dc motor, induction motor and synchronous motor drives; drives employing brushless dc, stepper and switched reluctance motors; traction drives; energy conservation in electric drives and details of complete drive systems. The course also covers semiconductor controlled drives; permanent magnet ac motor, drives and switched reluctance motor drives. Semiconductor drives employing various motors are also discussed with adequate details including closed loop drives and some recent advances. The utmost important objective of this course is to help the students to get a clear understanding of analysis and design methods and performance features of electric drives by incorporating a large number of numerical problems

3. RECOMMENDED BOOKS: TEXT BOOKS: 1.


2.

Power semiconductor controlled drives by G.K.Dubey, PHN. Jersey Publications. Power semiconductor drives by S.B Dewan, G.R Selmon & Straughen, John wiley,1984. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Fundamentals of electric drives by G.K.Dubey, PH, 1989. 4. SYLLABUS: EE 412 ELECTRICAL DRIVES UNIT I Introduction: Electric drives, advantages of electric drive, Type of electric drives, components of electric drives, Status of dc and ac drives. Control of Electric Drives: Modes of operation, Speed control and drive classification, closedloop control of drives UNIT II Dynamics of Electric Drives: Fundamental torque equations, Speed torque conventions and multi quadrant operation, Equivalent values of drive parameters, Components of load torques, some common load torques, Nature and classification of load torques. UNIT-III DC motor Drives: DC motors and their performance, Starting, methods of braking, speed control, Methods of armature voltage control, Transformer and uncontrolled rectifier control Controlled Rectifier fed DC Drives: Single phase fully and half controlled rectifier control of separately excited dc motor, Three phase fully and half controlled rectifier control of separately excited dc motor, Dual converter control of separately excited dc motor, comparison of conventional and static Ward-Leonard schemes, Rectifier control of dc series motor Chopper fed DC Drives: Control of separately excited dc motors, Chopper control of series motor UNIT IV Induction motor drives: Three phase induction motors, Operation with unbalanced source voltages and single phasing, Operation with unbalanced rotor impedances, Starting, braking, transient analysis, Speed control, pole amplitude modulation, stator voltage control, Variable frequency control from voltage and current sources, Eddy current drives, rotor resistance control, slip power recovery, Variable speed constant frequency generation

UNIT V Synchronous motor drives: Synchronous motors, Operation and fixed frequency supply, Synchronous motor variable speed drives, braking of synchronous motor. Variable frequency control of multiple synchronous motors, self control synchronous motor drive employing load commutated thyristor inverter, starting large synchronous machines, self control synchronous motor drive employing a cyclo-converter TEXT BOOKS: 1. Power semiconductor controlled drives by G.K.Dubey, PHN. Jersey Publications. 2. Power semiconductor drives by S.B Dewan, G.R Selmon & Straughen, John wiley, 1984. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Fundamentals of electric drives by G.K.Dubey, Narosa publications.

5. SESSION WISE DISTRIBUTION OF UNITS

UNIT I II III IV V Total 6. COURSE PLAN:

SESSIONS 1 to 7 8 to 16 17 to 34 35to 47 48 to 60

HOURS 7 9 18 13 13 60

Course plan is meant as a guideline. There may probably be changes S.NO Unit Session 1 2 I I 1 2 Content Introduction Electric drives, advantages of electric drives Type of Electric drives, components of electric drives Knows about Electric drives, advantages of electric drives Classifying the different types of Electric drives, components of electric drives Comparing the developments of dc and ac drives Knows about how to Control the Electric drives Knows how an electrical drive operates in three modes, classifying the drives Describes various closed loop configurations which find application in electric drives Learning Objective Topic Reference 1,1 T1:1.1 T1. 1.2

T 1.1.3

Status of DC & AC drives

T1:1.5

Control of Electric drives Modes of operation, speed control and drive classification.

T1:.3

T1:3.1 T1:3.2

Closed loop control of drives

T1:3.3

Dynamics of Electrical drives 8 II 8 Fundamental Torque equation, speed torque conventions and multi quadrant operation Equivalent values of drive parameters.

Explaining the dynamic relations applicable to all types of electrical drives

T1:2.1 T1:2.2

II

Discussing different methods of finding the equivalent values of drive parameters Classifying the load torques Explaining the nature of load torques depends on particular application Explaining the nature of load torques depends on particular application

T1:2.3

10

II

10

Component of load torques ,some common load torques Nature and classification of load torques Nature and classification of load torques PROBLEMS PROBLEMS PROBLEMS REVIEW DC Motor Drives

T1: 2.4

11

II

11

T1:2.5

12 13 14 15 16

II II II II II

12 13 14 15 16

T1:2.5

17

III

17

DC motors and their performance Starting, methods of braking Explaining the Starting, methods of braking Explaining the Speed control of dc motors Explaining the Speed control of dc motors Explaining the Speed control of dc motors Shows commonly used

T1:5.1

18

III

18

T1:5.2 T1:5.3 T1:5.5 T1:5.6 T1:5.8 T1:5.6 T1:5.8 T1:5.9

19

III

19

Speed control Methods of armature voltage control, transformer and uncontrolled rectifier control Methods of armature voltage control, transformer and uncontrolled rectifier control Controlled fed rectifier fed dc

20

III

20

21 22

III III

21 22

drives

Controlled rectifier circuits and quadrants in which they can operate on V-I plane Explaining the operation 1 fully controlled rectifier control of separately excited dc-motor Explaining the operation 1- fully controlled rectifier control of separately excited dc-motor Explaining the operation of 1- half controlled rectifier control of separately excited dc-motor Explaining the operation of 1- half controlled rectifier control of separately excited dc-motor Explaining the operation of 3- fully controlled rectifier control of separately excited dc motor Explaining the operation of 3- fully controlled rectifier control of separately excited dc motor Explaining the operation of 3- half controlled rectifier control of separately excited dc motor Explaining the operation of 3- half controlled rectifier control of separately excited dc motor Explaining the operation of Dual converter control of separately excited dc motor

23

III

23

1- fully controlled rectifier control of separately excited dcmotor 1- fully controlled rectifier control of separately excited dcmotor 1- half controlled rectifier control of separately excited dc motor. 1- half controlled rectifier control of separately excited dc motor

T1:5.10

24

III

24

T1:5.10

25

III

25

T1:5.11

26

III

26

T1:5.11

27

III

27

3- fully controlled rectifier control of separately excited dc motor

T1:5.12

28

III

28

3- fully controlled rectifier control of separately excited dc motor

T1:5.12

29

III

29

3- half controlled rectifier control of separately excited dc motor 3- half controlled rectifier control of separately excited dc motor Dual converter control of separately excited dc motor

T1:5.13

30

III

30

T1:5.13

31

III

31

T1:5.14.2

32

III

32

Dual converter control of separately excited dc motor

Explaining the operation of Dual converter control of separately excited dc motor Comparing the conventional and static ward-leonard schemes Explaining the operation of Rectifier control of dc series motor Explaining the operation of Chopper control of separately excited dc motor Explaining the operation of Chopper control of series motor Explaining the operation of 3- induction motor Explaining the Operation with unbalanced source voltages and single phasing Explaining the Operation with unbalanced rotor impedances Explaining the starting methods of induction motors Explaining the starting methods of induction motors Explaining the braking methods of induction motors Explaining the Transient analysis of induction motors Explaining the Speed control of induction motors

T1:5.14.2

33

III

32

Comparison of conventional and static ward-leonard schemes

T1:5.14.4

34

III

33

Rectifier control of dc series motor Chopper control of separately excited dc motor

T1:5.15

35

III

34

T1:5.19

36

III

34

Chopper control of series motor Induction motor Drives 3- induction motor Operation with unbalanced source voltages and single phasing Operation with unbalanced rotor impedances

T1:5.20

37

IV

35

T1:6.1

38

IV

36

T1:6.2

39

IV

37

T1:6.3

40

IV

38

Starting

T1:6.5

41

IV

39

Starting

T1:6.5

42

IV

40

Braking

T1:6.6

43 44

IV IV

41 42

Transient analysis Speed control ,pole amplitude modulation

T1:6.7 T1:6.8

T1:6.10 45 IV 42 Stator voltage control Explaining the Stator voltage control of induction motors Explaining the Variable frequency control from voltage source Explaining the Variable frequency control from current source Explaining the concept of Eddy current drives Explaining the Rotor resistance control Explaining the Slip power recovery schemes Explaining the Variable speed constant frequency generation Explaining the Operation of synchronous motors Explaining the Operation and fixed frequency supply. Explaining the Operation Synchronous variable speed drives Explaining the Operation of braking in synchronous motor drives Explaining the Operation of self control synchronous motor drive employing load commutated thyristor inverter Explaining the Operation of Self control synchronous T1:6.11

46

IV

43

Variable frequency control from voltage source Variable frequency control from current source

T1.6.12

47

IV

44

T1:6.16

48

IV

44

Eddy current drives

T1:6.19

49 50

IV IV

45 46

Rotor resistance control Slip power recovery schemes Variable speed constant frequency generation Synchronous motor Drives Synchronous motor Operation and fixed frequency supply. Synchronous motor variable speed drives

T1:6.10 T1:6.21

51

IV

47

T1:6.22

52

48

T1:10.1

53

49

T1:10.4

54

50

T1:11.5

55

51

Braking of synchronous motor

T1:10.5

56

52

Self control synchronous motor drive employing load commutated thyristor inverter Self control synchronous motor drive employing load

T1:11.6

57

53

T1:11.7.1

commutated thyristor inverter

motor drive employing load commutated thyristor inverter Explaining the Operation of starting large synchronous machines Explaining the Operation of self control synchronous motor drive employing a cyclo converter Explaining the Operation of self control synchronous motor drive employing a cyclo converter T1:11.7.5

58

54

Starting large synchronous machines self control synchronous motor drive employing a cyclo converter self control synchronous motor drive employing a cyclo converter Problems Problems Review Review

59

55

T1:11.7.2

60

56

T1:11.7.2

61 62 63 64

V V V V

57 58 59 60

7. SELF STUDY TOPICS

UNIT I II III IV

TOPIC Electric drives, advantages of electric drives Nature and classification of load torques DC motors and their performance Three phase induction motor operation, SpeedTorque characteristics Synchronous motors operation, Speed-Torque characteristics

SOURCE T1 T1 P.S Bimra, B.L.Thereja

P.S Bimra, B.L.Thereja

P.S Bimra, B.L.Thereja

7. ASSIGNMENTS Assignments & Assignment Question papers will be uploaded in the e-learning Website. 8. NOTICE/ COURSE MATERIALS

All notices, assignments and course materials will be uploaded in the e-learning site from time to time. 9. TUTORIAL Tutorial will be conducted by the respective in-charge faculty. You must attend your registered section for the tutorial in the respective class room. The tutorials are planned to supplement the material taught in the lecturers and clear doubts. Class assignment, class test and other evaluation components will also be conducted during tutorials. Students must actively participate in the tutorial and come prepared for it. 10. EVALUATION SCHEME: Component Assignment I Test I Home Assignment-I Home Assignment - II Test II Comprehensive Examination Surprise Test Duration(minutes) 50 90 90 3Hrs 5 Marks 10 20 5 5 20 60 5 Date & Time

Signature of Course Coordinator