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Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan (Emperor's Teapills) Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan (Tian Wang Bu Xin Pian, Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan, or Emperor's Teapills, ) is a famous herbal formula in traditional Chinese medicine for replenishing the blood and Yin to strengthen heart functions. This formula treats minor complaints associated with sleep and stress. The Chinese medical understanding sees this condition as "kidney and heart not communicating." To treat this condition, one must nourish the blood and body fluids, cool the heart, and calm the mind.

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In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the heart controls the blood and stores Shen (the spirit), the kidney provides the source of Yin and Yang energy for the whole body, including heart. When the heart function is weak with respect to Yin and blood, Shen (the spirit) does not rest well and causes restlessness. Additionally, one may have warm and moist palms/sole, dry mouth or even mouth and tongue ulcers, and dry stool. Tian Wang Bu Xin Wan (Pian) is composed of multiple herbs that either nourish Yin, or blood, or calm the mind. Tian Wang Bu Xin Wan has been indicated in China Pharmacopoeia2 for nourishing Yin and blood, and tonify the heart to tranquilize mind. Chinese Herbal Formulas That Nourish the Heart and Calm the Spirit This TCM herbal formula tonifies the yin and blood of the heart. It also nourishes the kidney yin and calms the spirit. Indications and symptoms for Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan irritability, insomnia, palpitations, anxiety, forgetfulness, poor concentration, excessive dreaming, restless sleep, night sweats, nocturnal emission (wet dreams), fatigue, constipation, dry stool, mouth ulcers (canker sores), low fever Medicinal Ingredients of Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan: 1. Sheng Di Huang 120; nourish yin, clear heat, enriches kidney yin, nourish blood. 2. Ren Shen 15g; tonify heart Qi. 3. Xuan Shen 15g; enrich yin, clear deficiency heat. 4. Tian Men Dong 30g; enrich yin, clear deficiency heat. 5. Mai men Dong 30g; enrich yin, clear deficiency heat. 6. Dan Shen 15g; nourish heart, tonify blood. 7. Dang Gui 30g; nourish heart, tonify blood. 8. Fu Ling 15g; tonify heart Qi. 9. Bai Zi Ren 30g; calm spirit. 10. Suan Zao Ren 30g; prevents the leakage of heart Qi. 11. Yuan Zhi 15g; calm spirit. 12. Wu Wei Zi 30g; prevents the leakage of heart Qi. 13. Jie Geng 15g; directs herbs towards the chest. 14. Zhu Sha 15g; anchors and calms the spirit. 15. Gan Cao; tonifies pi (spleen), enhances qi, clears heat, rids of toxins.

di huang , shu di huang , sheng di huang

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Pharmaceutical name: Properties (characteristics) Channels (meridians) entered: Actions & Indications: Radix Rehmanniae

sweet, bitter. Sheng di huang is cold and shu di huang is warm. heart, kidney, and liver channels. It is being used as a blood tonic usually for the weakness caused by tuberculosis, vomiting blood, nose bleeding, coughing blood, bleeding in the uterus.

Medium dosages strengthen the function of the heart. Large doses are toxic for
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. the heart. Increases blood pressure. Small doses constrict the blood vessels and large doses dilate the blood vessel. It possesses the characteristics of diuretics. It decreases the blood sugar and inhibits carbohydrates being converted into blood sugar.

Medical Function:

Chemical ingredients:

iridoids , glycosides , -sitosterol -, mannitol , stigmasterol , campesterol , rehmannin , catapol , arginine , glucose

ren shen (ginseng)


Pharmaceutical name: Radix Ginseng

Biological name: Common Name: Properties (characteristics) Channels (meridians) entered:

Panax ginseng C. A. Mey

ginseng root smells aromatic, tastes sweet and slightly warm spleen and lung

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For: tonifying qi to improve cardiac function as in cardiac exhaustion, short of breath, palpitation, instant sweating, dropping of blood pressure; for pixu condition of weak digestive system, for prolapse of stomach, uterus and rectum. Ren shen can generates fluids and reduce thirst, for xinqixu (heart qi deficient) palpitations with instant sweating and anxiety, insomnia, dizziness/headache, forgetfulness, impotence, diabetes, bleeding in the vagina not during period, seizures in children, chronic weakness, restlessness. any qixu (qi deficient) xue xu (blood deficient) or fluid deficient syndrome. , . Medical Functions: 1. Regulates central nervous system. 2. Regulates circulatory system: small amount: stimulates, large amount: suppresses; small amount: improves memory; prevents platelet coagulation; 3. Improves immune system 4. Anti Cancer 5. Anti aging 6. Anti stress 7. Prevents morphine from becoming habit-forming 8. Improves condition of diabetic patients: lowers blood sugar Medical Function: : 9. Increases aldosterone (anti-diuretic action) 10. ginsenosides can facilitate penile erection by directly inducing the vasodilatation : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. :

Actions & Indications:

10. , , [2] Chemical ingredients: (1) Saponins ginsenoside Rc, Ra1[7-9], Ra2[7-9],Ra3[10-11], Rba, Rb2,Rc, Rd; Rg3[10-11], Rg3[12], notoginsenoside R4[9], chikusetsuaponin IV, IVa Chemical Ingredients: : (2) Vaporizing oil panaxynol, ginsenyne, alpha pansinsene, beta pansinsene, beta farnesene, bicyclogermacrene, beta elemene, gama elemene, alpha neodovene, beta neodovene, alpha humulene, beta humulene, caryophyllene, beta gurjunene, alpha gurjunene, alpha selinene, beta selinene, gama selinene, selin-4, alpha guaiene, gama cubebene, beta patchoulene, hepatadecanol-1, octanal, gama cadinene, trans beta farnesene, beta guaiene, beta maaliene, cis caryophyllene,delta elemene, tetradecane, pentadecane, hexdecan, ;2,6-ditertbutyl4methly-phenol, heptadecane, delta cadinene,widdrol, beta bisablene, octadecane, abol, alpha elemene, tridecan, eremophifene, gam patchoulene, cedrol, gama gurjunene, dodecane, alloaromadendrene, trans-caryophyllene, eicosane, alpha santalene, alpha

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muurodlene, palustalol, beta demene, alpha santalol, beta eubesmol, di-n-butyloxalate, eleutherosides. (3) Organic acid and ester citric acid, isocitric acid, fumaric acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, cis-butendicarboxylic acid, malic acid, pyuvic acid, succinic acid, tartaric acid, panax aid, salicyclic acid, vanillic acid, phydroxycinnamic acid, triglyceride, plmitin, palmitic acid. (4) Sterols Beta sitosterol, stigmasterol, daucosterol, sitosteryl-o-(6-O-fatty acyl)-glucpyranoside. (5) Nitrogen compounds choline, adenosine triphosphate, adenosine and other amino acids. (6) Vitamins B1, B2, B12, C, nicotinic acid, folic acid, biotin (7) Enzymes (8) Trace minerals copper, zinc, iron, manganese and others (more than 20). (9) Gomisin N and gomisin A. (10) Kaempferol and pansenoside. (11) Sugars Fructose, glucose, arabinose, rhamnose, glucuronic acid, mannose, xylose, sucrose, maltose, raffinose, ginsengtrisaccharide A, B, C, D; maltol, nonacosane, methoxy-5, nephyl-2(5H)furanone.

xuan shen
Pharmaceutical name: Common Name: Other Names: Properties (characteristics): ningpo figwort root, scrophularia yuan shen, hei shen, hei xuan shen salty, sweet, bitter, cold Radix Scrophulariae Ningpoensis

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Channels (meridians) entered: Actions & Indications: kidney, lung stomach cooling blood, promote yin, rid of toxin and heat,and soothing the throat. Medical Function: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Chemical ingredients: Effect on heart and blood vessels: lower blood pressure due to vasso-dilation, especially in renal hypertension. Anti bacterial effect: Effect on concentration of blood sugar Anti inflammatory effect Sedative effect Anti-pyretic

Medical Function:

harpagoside, harpagide, aucubin, 6-methylcatapol, ningpogoside A, B, mingpogenin scropoliside A, angoroside, trace amount of evaporing oil, glucose, oleic acid, linoleic acid, stearic acid, carotene and saponins.

tian men dong

Pharmaceutical name: Tuber Asparagi Cochinchinenses Other Names: Common Name: Properties (characteristics) Channels (meridians) entered: tian dong tian men dong tian ming dong ming tian dong asparagus tuber sweat, bitter, very cold. lung, kidney.

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Medical functions: 1. 2. 3. 4. arrests cough, expel phlegm. inhibits bacteria ,

Actions & Indications:

being use in yinxu (yin deficient) with hot flashes, instant sweating, chronic bronchitis, spermatorrhea, weakness in legs, thirst, lung deficient with heat, dry cough, thick phlegm with difficulty to expel, spitting blood and breathing not smooth, fever, constipation. , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Chemical ingredients:

asparagine , citrulline , serine , threonine , proline , clyccine, -sitosterol -, smilagenin , 5-methoxymethylfurfural 5- -, rhamnose .

mai dong, mai men dong


Pharmaceutical name: Common Name: ophiopogon tuber sweet, slightly bitter, slightly cold Properties (characteristics) Channels (meridians) entered: Actions & Indications: heart, lung, stomach Improves stomach yin-fluid, and rid of heat 1. effect on circulatory system (a) improves contraction of heart muscles (b) protects heart muscle and anti-arrhythmia 2. Anti shock Medical Function: 3. improves toleration of lack of oxygen 4. improve immune system 5. improves recoveries of cells of the pancrea and lowering blood sugar 6. anti bacteria 7. did not show toxicity in animal tests[17][3][4] 1) When stir fried with rice wine, it reduces its cold properties and can be used as tonic. Tuber Ophiopogonis Japonici

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Gi Bng Acupuntura: Instituto Wy Pi Gi Bng: Metafsica e Medicina Chinesa.


2)

dan shen
Pharmaceutical name: Common Name: salvia root Properties (characteristics) Channels (meridians) entered: bitter, slightly cold heart and liver rid of clot blood, pain, invigorate blood, breakup blood stasis, for dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, palpable tumors, angina, heat bi, restlessness and insomnia, irritability, swollen spleen, pain in digestive system, , ,, Radix Salvia miltiorrhizae

Actions & Indications:

1. antithrombotic 2. antihypertonic (lowering blood pressure) 3. antimicrobial 4. antipyretic 5. anti-inflammatory 6. hepatoprotective: inhibits fibrinogen and aids in the resorption of fibrous plaques in the liver. 7. sedative 8. modulate cancer growth and metastases [20] Medical Function: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. :;;; ;;; ;.[19] 7.

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8. [20]

1. (1) tanshinone I, cryptotanshinone[1,2], hydroxytanshinone, methyltanshinonate[3,4], methylene tanshiquinone[5], przewatanshinquinone A),przewatanshinquinone B [6], miltirone[7], dihydrotanshinone I [8], tanshinol A, tanshinol B, tanshinol C, 3--hydroxy tanshinone II^, nortanshinone [9], 1, 2, 15, 16-tetrahydrotanshiquinone [10]. isotanshinone, isocryptotanshinone [3,4], tanshiquinone A, B, C[11]. (2) saloilenone[12], danshenspiroketallactone, Tanshilactone[14]. (3) salviol, tanshialdehyde. 2. danshensuan A, B, C, protocatechuic acid, protocatechuic aldehyde [15, 16, 17]. baicalin, -sitosterol, ursolic acid, daucosterol, isoferulic acid, dihydroisotanshinone I[18].

Chemical ingredients:

dang gui
Pharmaceutical name: Common Name: Properties (characteristics): : Chinese angelica root (commonly written as: tong kwai, dong quai) Radix Angelicae sinensis

sweet, acrid, bitter, warm

Channels (meridians) entered: :

heart, liver, spleen channels

Actions & Indications: :

Tonic for blood and for regulating the menses, lubricates bowels to correct constipation, reduces swelling, expels pus, relieves pain. Dang gui wei (tail) is being used in condition of blood stasis and clots.

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Medical Function:

1. effects on uterus: experiments showed that it can have inhibiting and stimulating effects
on uterus (outside the bodies ) of lab animals. cells.

2. effects on blood: lowers lipids, anti platelet coagulation, and promotes production of red 3. effects on circulatory system: tests showed that it can dilate the coronary arteries of
guinea pigs and improve circulation volume. It can protect rat with arrhythmia. 4. anti oxidation and rid of free radicals 5. anti injuries of radiation 6. improve immune system 7. anti cancer: Research showed using the five polysaccharides of ming xian dang gui inhibited the EC, Hep, S180, Lewis B16 inplanted tumors of rats up to 39%. It has little side effects and can be used for long period of time. (But there are also reports that mention frequent ingesting of ginseng and dang gui may promote the multiplying of breast cancer cells. Chinese site) 8. anti inflammatory 9. protects digestive system (including liver)


Medical Function: : :

6 7 EC, Hep, S180, Lewis B16 39% ( ) 8 9()

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Gi Bng Acupuntura: Instituto Wy Pi Gi Bng: Metafsica e Medicina Chinesa.

Medical Function:

1. effects on uterus: experiments showed that it can have inhibiting and stimulating effects 2. effects on blood: lowers lipids, anti platelet coagulation, and promotes production of red
cells. on uterus (outside the bodies ) of lab animals.

3. effects on circulatory system: tests showed that it can dilate the coronary arteries of


Medical Function: : :

guinea pigs and improve circulation volume. It can protect rat with arrhythmia. 4. anti oxidation and rid of free radicals 5. anti injuries of radiation 6. improve immune system 7. anti cancer: Research showed using the five polysaccharides of ming xian dang gui inhibited the EC, Hep, S180, Lewis B16 inplanted tumors of rats up to 39%. It has little side effects and can be used for long period of time. (But there are also reports that mention frequent ingesting of ginseng and dang gui may promote the multiplying of breast cancer cells. Chinese site) 8. anti inflammatory 9. protects digestive system (including liver)

6 7 EC, Hep, S180, Lewis B16 39% ( ) 8 9()

fu ling , fu shen , fu ling pi


Pharmaceutical name: Common Name:

Sclerotium Poriae Cocos

poria, sclerotium of tuckahoe, china root, hoelen

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Properties (characteristics) Channels (meridians) entered: : sweet, bland, neutral heart, spleen, lung, kidney as diuretics, in urinary difficulty, diarrhea, water retention, pixu with water retention. Urination difficulty due to damp heat. Pixu with mucus production and headache, dizziness, palpitations, with thick greasy tongue coating. Palpitation, insomnia or forgetfulness, loss of appetite. Inflammation of the uterus and chronic sinusitis. Actions and Indications: Note: Balance with other herbs in case yinxu condition. diuretics, reducing plasma glucose, tranquilizing, inhibits bacteria, relaxing effect on smooth muscles, improves immune system . Medical Function: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. pachymose 84.2%, albuninoid 0.68%, fiber 2.84%, pachymaran (3), b-pachyman, bpachymanase, pachymic acid, tumulosic acid,eburioic acid, pinicolic acid, 3 b-hydroxy lanosta-7, 9 (11), poricoic acid A (16 a-hydroxy-3, 4-secolanosta-4 (28), 7, 0 (11), 24-trien-21-oic acid, poricoic acid B (16 a-hydroxy-2, 4secolanosa-4 (28), 7, 9 (11), 24-tetraen-3, 21-dioic acid) (8), Fatty acid:caprylic acid, undecanoic acid, lauric acid, dodecenole acid, palmitic acid. Others: ergosterol, gum, histadine, choline, chitin, protein, fats, glucose, sterols, histamines, lecithin, lipase, choline, adenine. Other non organic items: SiO2, Mg, P, Fe, Ca, S, Na, K, Mn, Cl.

Chemical ingredients:

bai zi ren
Pharmaceutical name: Common Name: Properties (characteristics) Platycladi Semen

arbor-vitae seed, biota seed sweet, acrid, neutral.

Channels (meridians) heart, spleen. entered:

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Medical functions: The injectiones of bai zi ren single item can cause the sleep period with slow brain waves of cats to be longer and can obviously recover the energy of the body.. Insomnia with irritability, palpitations, instant sweating due to deficiency, neurasthenia, constipation, weak memory, losing hair. . Chemical ingredients: contains 14% of fat, small amount of evaporating oil, and saponin. 14%

Actions & Indications:

suan zao ren


Pharmaceutical name: Common Name: Semen Zizyphi Spinosae

sour jujube seed

sweet, sour, neutral , non toxic. Properties (characteristics): ,, Channels (meridians) entered: gallbladder, heart, liver, spleen calming, tonic yin, prevent abnormal sweating, anxiety, insomnia, excessive dream, palpitation, weak memory, dizziness, night sweating, instant sweating. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Medical Function: 7. 8. 9. 1. 2. 3. 4. calming, promote sleep relieves pain, anti epilepsy lowers blood pressure anti-arrhythmia anti lack of oxygen in heart muscle lowering lipids prevent atherosclerosis

Actions & Indications:

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Gi Bng Acupuntura: Instituto Wy Pi Gi Bng: Metafsica e Medicina Chinesa.


5. 6. 7. 8.

Alkaloids: sanjoinine A (frangufoline)BDE (nuciferine)FG1G2Ia (nornuciferine)Ib (norisocorydineK coclaurine N-methylasimilobine zizyphusinecaaver-ine5- hydroxy-6methoxynoraporphine amphibine D sanjoinenine Triterpenoids: betulinic acid betulin ceanothic acid alphitolic acid jujuboside A,B daucosterol Flavonoids: spinosin 2-O--D-glucopyranosylswertisin zivulgarin 6"-p-coumaroylspinosin swertisin vicenin

A ()BDE () FG1G2Ia ()Ib ( )K N- 5--6- D AB (2- O--D-)

Chemical ingredients:

6"- 68--C- 68--C-vicenin [apigenin-6-C-[6-O-p- hydroxybenzoyl--D- -6-Cglucopyranosyl12]--D-glucopyranoside] [6-O---D- 12]--D- Other: threonine valine methionine leucine isoleucine lysine phenylalanine K, Na, Ca, Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn cGMP cAMP ferulic acid phytosterol vitamin C C

yuan zhi
Pharmaceutical name: Pron. in Korean: Radix Plygalae Tenuifoliae

woji

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Common Name: polygala, Chinese senega root Properties (characteristics): bitter, acrid, slghtly warm : Channels (meridians) entered: : for insomnia, forgetfulness, palpitation with fright, cough with abundance of phlegm, cough with difficulty in expelling phlegm, emotional and disorientation with abundance of phlegm, seizures, anxiety, listlessness, boils, abscesses, sores, tumor of breasts, swollen and painful breast, Medical function: (1). Expectorant effect In studies with mice, a water decoction of 15g/kilo of body weight, taken internally, had an expectorant effect. This could be because the ingredient saponin stimulates the mucus lining of the stomach. This in turn triggers the bronchii to secrete more mucus. According to the traditional Materia Medica, the part of yuan zhi that has been used is the skin of the root. But now the whole root is used, including the middle part. But according to chemical ingredients, the skin of the root and the middle part are different. With mice, using the skin alone, the smallest effective amount is 1.25 grams/kilo. Using the middle wooden part of the root alone, the amount of 50 grams/kilo has no effect at all. The wooden part of the root contains very little saponin -- only 4 per cent of the amount contained in the skin. There is also a report that 1 gram /kilo of yuan zhi decoction infused into the stomachs of anesthetized dogs had no Medical function: expectorant effect. (2). Calming effect (3) Lower blood pressure (4) Blood thinning effect (5) Effect on uterus (6) Anti cancer effect (7) Antibiotic effect (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)

heart, lung

Actions & Indications:

WU WEI ZI
Pharmaceutical name: Fructus Schisandrae Chinensis

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Common Name: Properties (characteristics): Channels (meridians) entered: schisandra fruit warm, sweet, bitter, sour, acrid, salty but prominently sour. ()

lung, kidney stops asthmatic cough, helps correct shenxu (kidney deficient) condition, treats spermatorrhea, stops instant sweating, promotes saliva, quenches thirst, calms emotion, palpitation, helps to prevent insomnia, lower ALT and AST, treats chronic hepatitis. 1. helps prevent liver damage; helps to metabolize drugs for liver; lowering ALT and AST. The chemical ingredient, lignan can help regenerate liver tissues due to harmful influence like viruses and alcohol. 2. anti oxidant 3. affect metabolism 4. helps regulate CNS; improves efficiency of brain activities and improves efficiency of work process 5. anti hypertension but during exhaustion of circulatory function, it can help to bring up blood pressure. 6. effect on respiratory system: Lowers oxygen requirement, correct respiratory exhaustion; works better than Coramine or nikethamide. It helps to expectorate phlegm and sooths coughing. 7. anti ulcer effect 8. helps the body function to adept stress 9. antibiotic effect 10. anti kidney illness 1 2 3 4(1) (2) 5: 6 (Coramine, nikethamide). 7 8 9 10

Actions & Indications: Medical Function: :

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1.Evaporating oil: a-pinene a- , camphene , b-pinene -b- , myrcene , a-terpinene a- , limonene , G-terpinene, p-cymene, thymold methylether, bornyl acetate, citronellyl acetate, linalool, terpinene-4-ol, a-terpinol, geraniol, borneol, citronellol, benzoic acid, o-cadinene, b-elemene, a-ylangene, cuparene, sesquicarene, bchamigrene, a-chamigrene, chamigrenol, b-bisabolene, ethyl benzyl ether, [2, 2dimethyl-3-methylenebicyclo (2, 2, 1) heptane], (1-methyl-4methylethenenylcyelohexene), (phenyl-2-propanone), [2-methyl-3-methylene-2-(4methyl-3-pentenyl)-bicyclo (2, 2, 1) heptane], longifolene, [4-(1, 5-dimethyl-1, 4hexadienyl)-1-methylcylohexene], isolongifolene, a-santalene, clovene, b-caryophyllene, trans-caryophyllene, b-selinene, thujopsene, santalol, a-santalol, nonylophenol, [2-(pcyclohexylphenoxy) ethanol], [2-(2-phenyl cyclohexyloxy) ethanol], (p-nonylphenol, 4, 4a, 5, 6, 7, 8-hexahydro-4, 4a-dimethyl-6-(1-methyl ethenyl)-2 (3H)-naphthalene, 1, 1a, 4, 5, 6, 7, 7a, 7b-octahydro-1, 1, 7, 7a-tetramethyl-2H-cyclopropa (a) -naphthalene-2-one, 1, 1a, 2, 4, 6, 7, 7a-7b-octahydro-1, 1, 7, 7a-tetramethyl-5H-cyclopropa(a) -naphthalen-5one, cyclopropa (a) -naphthalen -2-one, 2-(5-ethenyl-5-methyl-2-tetrahydrofuranyl)-6methyl-5-hepten-3-one, 1, 2, 3, 3a, 8, 8a-hexahydro-2, 2, 8-trimethyl-5, 6azulenedimethanol, 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7-hexahydro-1, 1, 5, 5-tetramethyl-tricyclo (5, 4, 0)undec-9-ene, 1, 2, 4a, 5, 6, 8a-hexahydro-4, 7-dimethyl-1- (1-methylethyl)naphthalene, 2, 3, 7, 7, 8, 8a hexahydro-3, 6, 8, 8-tetramethyl-1H-3a, 7-methanoazulene, 1, 8-dimethyl-4-(1-methylenyl)-spiro (4, 5) dec-7-ene, 4-phenobicyclo (2, 2, 2) pctan-1ol. 2. Lignans : schizandrin, deoxyschisandrin, gamma-schisandrin, schisandrol, pseudo-gamma-schisandrin, wuweizisu C, (schisandrol A, B), schizandrate B, gomisin A, B, C, F, G, angeloylgomisin H, tigloylgomisin H, benzoylgomisin H, epigomisin O, angeloylgomisini O, pregomisin, angeloyisogomisin O, benzoylisogomisin O, isoschisandrin, rubschisantherin, rubschisandrin, schisanhenol acetate, schisanhenol B, schisanhenol, pregomisin, schisantherin, neoschizanrin, meso-dihydroguaiaretic acid. 3. Organic acids malic acid citric acid ; tartaric acid succinic acid 4. citral., chlorophyll 5. calcium oxalate

Chemical ingredients:

jie geng
Pharmaceutical name: Radix Platycodi grandiflori

Common Name: Properties (characteristics): : Channels (meridians) entered: :

root of balloon flower bitter, acrid neutral lung rids of phlegm, inhibits cough, treats bronchitis, rids of puss, for tonsilitis, and sore throat.

Actions & Indications:

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(1) expels phlegm and inhibits cough (2) anti-inflammatory Medical Function: (3) anti ulcers : (4) lower blood sugar (l) (2)(3) Chemical ingredients: The root contains many saponins. Ingredients are separated with hydrolysis process: platycodigenin (main saponin), small amount of polygalacic acidplatycogenic acid A, platycogenic acid BC, platycogenic acid C. From saponins the following are separated: prosapogenin, 3-O--glucose, platycodoside C, platycogenin-3-O--glucoside platycodigenin, glucose, xylose. etc , platycodigenin, polygalacic acid Aplatycogenic acid A Bplatycogenic acid B Cplatycogenic acid C prosapogenin, -3-O--(platycogenin-3-O--glucoside) C platycodoside C,platycodigenin 2:1:1:1 platycidin -- --D- betulin platycodinin 14 1.22%

ZHU SHA
Names for Zhu Sha Pharmaceutical: Cinnabaris Botanical: Cinnabarum Other names: Chen Sha, Zhu Sha Ban Lian Qiao, Zhu Lian Qiao Description: Cinnabar.

Actions Calms the Heart; Calms the Mind; Clears Heat; Expels toxins; ...

gan cao , gan cao shao


Pharmaceutical name: Radix Glycyrrhizae Uralensis Common Name: Licorice root Properties (characteristics) Sweet in smell and peculiarly sweet in taste. It is about five hundred times the sweetness of cane sugar. 500

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Gi Bng Acupuntura: Instituto Wy Pi Gi Bng: Metafsica e Medicina Chinesa.


Channels (meridians) entered: all 12 channels, mainly the heart, lung, spleen and stomach channels. 12 tonifies pi (spleen), enhances qi, clears heat, rids of toxins, expels phlegm and stops cough, stops pain, synergizes other herbs. Being used in spleen and stomach weakness, tired and lack of strength, palpitation and short of breath, cough with abundance of phlegm, stomach and solar plexus pain,

Actions & Indications:

1. adrenocortical hormone function As early as 1946 gan cao extract showed

Medical Function:

the characteristics of mineralcorticoid. Glycyrrhiza is metabolically converted to glycyrrhetic acid (GA). GA, when incubated in-vitro with adrenal gland cells increases DHEA production. 2. effects on digestive system: (a). anti ulcer (b). anti convulsion. (c). promotes secretion of insulin. (d). protects liver from toxin. 3. anti inflammation 4. anti allergy 5. anti cancer: Saponins stimulate the immune system and inhibit EpsteinBarr virus expression and possess in-vitro (in the test tube) anti-cancer activities. Epstein_Barr virus is associated in certain cancer development. Glycyrrhiza also contains quercetin that has anticancer effects. Glycyrrhiza lowers serum testosterone levels and correspondingly increases estrogen levels by inducing two enzymes called 17--hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and aromatase thus inhibit prostate cancer cells. 6. anti virus and bacteria: a. anti HIV, anti HBV b. anti amoeba and bacteria 7. effect on blood vessels: a. lower blood lipids. Both saponins and licoflavones are known to bind to cholesterol and bile acids and have surfactant properties. glycyrrhizin is beneficial in chronic viral hepatitis glycyrrhizin was effective in inhibiting Pseudomona Aeruginosa where anbiotic failed.2

1. 1946
(DHEA)*

2. (a). (b). (c). . (d).

3. 4. 5.
17- ().

6. a. b. 7. a. .

2
*(DHEA) Glycyrrhizic acid, its potassium and calcium salt provide the sweet tastes of glycyrrhizin. The herb contains 5 to 11% of glycyrrhizin and 3 to 7% of Glycyrrhetinic Acid. Glycyrrhizic acid can be hydrolized into two molecules glucuronic acid and one molecule 18 b-glycyrrhetinic acid. It also contains 24-hydroxyglycyrrhetic acid [1] , licorice saponins A3, B2,C2,D3, F3,

Chemical ingredients:

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Gi Bng Acupuntura: Instituto Wy Pi Gi Bng: Metafsica e Medicina Chinesa.


G2, H2, J2, K, and K2. The hydrolized substance also contains uralenic acid. Zhang guo gan cao (Glycyrrhiza inflata Bat.)Its main ingredients is like those of gan caoThe 12 ingredients isolated from zhang guo gan cao produced in Gansu include: 8 flavonoids): licochalcone A, licochalcone B, licoflavone, liquiritin, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin, ononins and 47-dihydroxyflavone; another 3 kinds are triterprenoidse.g. glycyrrhizic acid, glycyrrhetinic acid, 11-deoxyglycyrrhetinic acid and -sitosterol. [1] Glycyrrhizin Glycyrrhizic acid 511 37 (glucuronic acid ) 18 18 Glycyrrhetinic acid 2424Hydroxyglycyzzhetec aced A3, B2,C2,D3, F3, G2, H2, J2, K, K2 uralenic acid Liquiritin Liquiritigenin Iso-Liquiritin Neo-LiquiritinIsoLiquiritigenin Neoisoliquiritin (Glycyrrhiza inflata Bat) 12 8 (flavonoids) (licochalcone A) (licochalcone B) (licoflavone)(1iquiritin) (1iquiritigenin) (isoliquiritigenin)(ononin) 47- (47-dihydroxyflavone) 3 (glycyrrhizic acid) ( ) (glycyrrhetinic acid) 11-(11deoxyglycyrrhetinic acid) -(-sitosterol) 47-[1] (Deoxyglycyrrhetic acid )Liquiritic acid Liquiritoside LiquiritogenineLicochalconeA.B

References:

Joe H. K. Chu, Chinese Medical Doctor Kin Men Chinese Medical School -

gaibangacupuntura.blogspot.com.br Emperor's Teapills - A famous classical formula for disturbed shen