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Acids and Alkalis

KS3 Unit 7E

What is the pH of a neutral solution?

1. 2. 3. 4.

pH 1 pH 7 pH 11 pH 14

25% 25% 25% 25%

11

pH

pH

pH

pH

14

What is the pH of a strongly acidic solution?

1. 2. 3. 4.

pH 1 pH 7 pH 11 pH 14

25% 25% 25% 25%

11

pH

pH

pH

pH

14

What is the pH of a strongly alkaline solution?

1. 2. 3. 4.

pH 1 pH 5 pH 7 pH 14

25% 25% 25% 25%

pH

pH

pH

pH

14

Where on the pH scale would you put lemon juice?


W X Y Z

1. 2. 3. 4.

Point W Point X Point Y Point Z

25% 25% 25% 25%

in t

in t

in t

Po

Po

Po

Po

in t

Bee stings are acidic. Which of these chemicals should you put on a bee sting?
25% 25% 25% 25%

1. 2. 3. 4.

Vinegar Lemon Juice Distilled Water Bicarbonate of Soda

W at er

ar

ic e

ne g

Vi

Ju

m on

ill e

Le

is t

ic a

rb o

na

te

of

So d

Complete this equation: Acid + Base


25% 25% 25% 25%

1. 2. 3. 4.

Carbon dioxide Water Salt + water Salt + gas

id e

at e

er

di ox

w at

lt +

ar bo

Sa

Sa

lt +

ga

25cm3 of Hydrochloric Acid is added to 25cm3 of Sodium Hydroxide. What kind of reaction will take place?
25% 25% 25% 25%

1. 2. 3. 4.

Fertilisation Corrosion Neutralisation Evaporation

tio n

or ro s

is a

tio n

rt il

tra l

Fe

eu

Ev

ap

or a

is a

tio n

io n

What salt is made in this reaction? Hydrochloric Acid + Sodium Hydroxide


25% 25% 25% 25%

1. 2. 3. 4.

Sodium Hydrate Hydrogen Chloride Sodium Sulphate Sodium Chloride

at e Su lp h So

di um

ro ge n

So

yd

So

di um

di um

Ch lo rid e

ra te Hy d

hl or id e

What salt is made in this reaction? Sulphuric Acid + Sodium Hydroxide


25% 25% 25% 25%

1. 2. 3. 4.

Sodium Hydrate Hydrogen Chloride Sodium Sulphate Sodium Chloride

at e Su lp h So

di um

ro ge n

So

yd

So

di um

di um

Ch lo rid e

ra te Hy d

hl or id e

Carbon dioxide is given off when:


25% 25% 25% 25%

1. 2. 3. 4.

A carbonate reacts with an acid Water is added to an acid A metal reacts with an acid A salt reacts with an acid

w ...

a. ..

an

...

ct s

to

ith

re a

de d

ct s

te

ad

re a

na

rb o

et al

ri

ca

at e

sa

lt

re

ac t

w ith

an

...

Hydrogen is given off when:


25% 25% 25% 25%

1. 2. 3. 4.

A carbonate reacts with an acid Water is added to an acid A metal reacts with an acid A salt reacts with an acid

w ...

a. ..

an

...

ct s

to

ith

re a

de d

ct s

te

ad

re a

na

rb o

et al

ri

ca

at e

sa

lt

re

ac t

w ith

an

...