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Long ago, when people were frightened by thunder & lightning, they might have said,

Listen! The sky God is shouting! That flash of lightning is his sky-axe being hurled into the Earth because He is so angry!

INTRODUCTION
All around the world, people have developed stories to explain natural events which they saw but did not understand, such as why night follows day & spring follow winter, where fire came from & how men and women came to be on earth. In the first place, these tales were handed down, often by word of mouth, & gradually become more complicated. They are known & shared by everyone in the group. We call such stories as myths.
( Oxford Childrens Encyclopedia, pg 72 )

DEFINITION

Stories about Gods & supernatural beings. Explain human origins & natural events and tie together relationship between humans & the supernatural. Occurs in all cultures. Best-known myths are pourquoi tales, also called why stories.

Pourquoi tales explains scientific things, like may the rabbit has a short tail, why the elephant has a long trunk.

(Barbara. D & Linda. B, Childrens literature, discovery for life time)

Is a story that usually explains something about the world & involves Gods & other superhuman beings.
(Myths, Folktales & Fables, Kim Denny, Lake Murray Elementary, Lexington School District One)

A myth occurs in a timeless past, contains supernatural elements and seeks to dramatize or explain such issues as the creation of the world (creation myth) and human beings, the institutions of political power, the cycle of season, birth, death and fate.

(Philips Encyclopedia)

EXAMPLES
Greek Mythology
Collection of stories mainly concerning the adventures of God & Heroes. Gods are not wholly admirable figures They have similar weaknesses to human & are capable of great vindictiveness, revenge & favoritism.

A myth about fire Prometheus stole fire from Zeus, the chief God, and brought it from heaven to humans in a hollow reed. Furious at this theft, Zeus chained Prometheus to a rock, where his liver was eaten by an eagle everyday but grew again every night.
(Oxford Childrens Encyclopedia)

A FINE KETTLE OF FISH


(Infoplease.com)

EXAMPLE

Mythed by a MileSome storytellers insist that Polydectes, as king, claimed whatever his brother caught in his net. When he learned that Dictys had netted Dana and Perseus, Polydectes either took Dana as a slave or he married her. In either case, the king brought her into his home, while Perseus grew up as a ward of Athena in her temple on Seriphus.Fortunately for Dana and Perseus, Zeus guided the chest across the sea to the island of Seriphus. This island had its own pair of brothers. Though not so hostile toward each other as Acrisius and Proetus, these brothers were by no means close.

Polydectes, king of Seriphus, enjoyed royal privileges, while Dictys lived the life of a poor fisher. Dictys was out fishing one day when he spied the chest floating nearby and caught it in his net. After rescuing and releasing Dana and Perseus, kind Dictys took the two refugees into his home, claiming they were distant kin. (This claim turned out to be true, since both Dictys and Dana were descendants of Danaus, a former king of Argos.) Dictys cared for Dana and Perseus for many years, until the boy was fully grown.

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