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Presentation By Hemanth Kumar S.

Under the guidance of Associate Prof. Suneetha M N

Modeling is a very important part of any engineering practice.
Availability of models of all the components at all stages in

system development is very important in system sizing, cost analysis and monitoring.

The objective of this project is to develop a dynamic

model by considering the basic information given in the datasheet of Kyocera KC200GT solar array.

Energy is the prime mover of economic growth

The non-renewable sources are depleting fast and there is a need to extract energy from renewable sources.

Why Solar Energy

Earth surface receives 1.2x1017 W of power from sun. Energy supplied by the sun in one hour is almost equal

to the amount energy required by the human population in one year.

A PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) system directly converts

sunlight into electricity. The basic device of a PV system is the PV cell.

PN Junction

PV characteristics


The initial cost of manufacturing solar cell is very high

and also the cost analyzing characteristics will be very high.

the performance

There is a need to develop a method to analyze the

performance characteristic of PV cell before installing PV array.

Modeling of PV modules or arrays is required in order

to design and monitor systems. The PV devices are basically represented in two different models viz. Single diode model

Double diode model

Single diode model

In a single diode model, there is a current source parallel to a diode

Double diode model

In this model an extra diode attached in parallel to the circuit of single diode model

Ideal diode
An ideal diode is one which allows current to flow in

the forward direction without any resistance to the flow. Equivalent circuit is

Equation for ideal diode

.........( 1)
Where, Ipv= current generated by incident light I0 = Saturation current q=electron charge k= Boltzmann constant a=ideality constant T=temperature of the junction

Practical PV Arrays
Practical arrays requires inclusions of additional

parameters such as Rs &Rp.

The modified equation is

.......( ) 2
where, Ipv=photovoltaic current Vt=(NsKT/q)=thermal voltage Rs=series resistance Rp=Parallel Resistance

The IV characteristic of the PV device depends on the

internal characteristics of the device (Rs ,Rp ) and on external influences such as irradiation level and temperature
The light-generated current of the PV cell depends linearly

on the solar irradiation and is also influenced by the temperature.

..........3) (

The diode saturation current Io may be expressed as

.......... 4) .(
Ion is the nominal saturation current is given by

.......... 5) .(

Improving the model

The current and voltage coefficients Ki and Kv are

considered in the saturation current equation.

It is given by

modification aims to match the open-circuit voltages

of the model

Adjusting the model

Two parameters are unknown

in current equation,

which are Rs and Rp . Rs & Rp are adjusted till Pmax,m = Pmax,e = VmpImp

..........8) (

Iterative solution of Rs & Rp

To find Rs & Rp, iterations are required until

Pmax_m = Pmax_e. P-V curves for several values Rs & Rp are adjusted to match the data.

Modeling can be represented by flowchart



Table showing calculated & given values

Given Parameters of KC200GT at 25 c in datasheet
Imp 7.61A

Calculated Parameters of the adjusted model

Imp 7.61A

Pmax,m Isc Voc I0,n Ipv Rp Rs

200.13W 8.21A 32.9V 9.825*e-8A 8.214A 415.405 0.221

Pmax,e Isc Voc

200.13W 8.21A 32.9V


The method obtains the parameters of the I-V equation by using the following nominal information from the array datasheet: open circuit voltage, shortcircuit current, maximum output power, voltage and current at the MPP, current/temperature and voltage/temperature coefficients Some other researchers have proposed indirect methods to adjust the curve through artificial intelligence but such methods are complicated and require more computational efforts also, in these models Rs and Rp are neglected or treated as independent parameters The results obtained in the modeling of the PV arrays have depicted that the equations are effective and the modeling proposed is effective and can be used for all types of PV arrays