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HALO NETWORKS

BY, ANIKETH ROY CHOUDHURI (1225112105)

CONTENTS
What is HALO ? The System Architecture Advantages over Satellite and Terrestrial Networks Power System and System Requirements Application Conclusions and Future Issues

WHAT IS HALO?
The High Altitude Long Operation Network is a broadband wireless metropolitan area network, with a star topology. High Altitude Aeronautical Platform Station (HAAPS) is the technology used here. The HALO network will be located in the atmosphere, at an altitude miles above terrestrial wireless, but hundreds to thousands of miles below satellite networks. HAAPS means a solar powered unmanned airship capable of long endurance-may be of several years. It is an Extension of Airborne Internet.

SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE
HALO Aircrafts contains network elements including an ATM switch, spot beam technology, and multibeam Technology, as well as transmitting and receiving electronic Technology. The array Technology provides cellular-like coverage of a large metropolitan area. The HALO network can be connected to non-HALO networks, such as ATM networks, Internet, and frame relay via an HG interworking unit (IWU).

TYPES OF HAAPS
Lighter than air HAAPS are kept stationary. They are probably air balloons floating in air i.e., Sky Station. Other type is Airplane based HAAPS which are flown in a tight circle i.e, HALO Aircraft and Helios. For broadcast application a simple antenna beams signals to terminals on the ground.

HALO NETWORK CONCEPTS


HALO Aircraft present a new layer in the hierarchy of wireless communication - a 10 mile tall tower in stratosphere. It is in a level above rain shower and below meteor shower. HALO Network plane is the central node of the broad band communication. The capacity is in the range of 10-100 Gb/s. Cell Coverage by Frequency Division Multiplexing using Spot Beams Technology.

HALO NETWORK HUB

ADVANTAGES
Over satellite network Satellite network have expensive high power user terminal and long propagation delay. System capacity is practically fixed. Establishing a new satellite is very expensive. Over Terrestrial network Terrestrial networks have low look angles and complex infrastructure. They require many base stations that must be interlinked with cables.

POWER SYSTEM AND SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS


Aircrafts power system consist of photovoltaic cell(Solar Energy) and a regenerative fuel cell. It eliminates the need of compressing air at high altitude. Aircraft size increases with increasing altitude. If very light weight amorphous silicon arrays or any thin film.

AERO PLANE PROPERTIES


The HALO aircrafts will be operated in shifts from regional airport. HALO aero plane is specially designed for carry the hub devices and they are having long lifetime. Look angle will be greater than 20 degree. So the network will available in a super metropolitan area(including urban, suburban and surrounding rural area).

OTHER PROPERTIES
HALO network can interface with the local LAN connections. It can Interface between broadband protocols like ATM and SONET. The HALO network will provide access to the PSTN and become the backbone for internet services like world wide web. It can be used in maritime communications system . We are able to get some of the Direct Broadcast Satellite facilities.

SUBSCRIBERS NETWORK RELATION

APPLICATIONS
Widely separated customers can receive same communication as in entertainment broadcasting. Like Video conferencing We can access interactive TV and internet. Customers can have large coverage area in telecommunication compared to terrestrial network. Can use as a communication techniques for remote areas. Can use in marine communication system.

CONCLUSION AND FUTURE ISSUES


HALO aircraft can be thought of as a very tall tower or very low altitude satellite. HALO networks can be introduced to highly promising markets around the world on a selective basis. "Continuous improvement" is a significant attribute of the HALO network. It enables Angel to meet the increasing expectations of present customers, and to open new markets requiring lesser capability by re-assigning earlier-generation hubs. Helios aircraft will be equipped with telecommunication equipment and stay airborne for six months straight.

THANK YOU