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1. What are the two major groups of Hazardous Materials? 2. What are the steps that comprise the process of Hazardous Materials handling? 3. What is a MSDS sheet? 4. How should Hazardous Chemicals be stored? 5. What is PPE?

Minimize/prevent claims of personal injury, liability, and property damage associated with the improper handling, storage, and/or disposal of hazardous materials

Understand how to recognize hazardous materials in the workplace Understand the processes of how to develop and manage the safe and proper handling, storage, and disposal of hazardous materials Understand how to minimize the risk of handling, storing, and disposing of hazardous materials Understand the components necessary to comply with the Loss Prevention audit questions

& Requirements

Federal Regulations
29 CFR 1910 Workplace Safety (OSHA)

40 CFR Environment (EPA)

49 CFR Transportation (DOT)




Secondary Consumer

Secondary Transporter

General Safety Audit Question #10

A. Is there a written hazardous materials program including policies and procedures for handling, storing and using hazardous materials from receipt through final disposal? B. Are there any hazardous materials present? If so:

General Safety Audit Question #10 contd

Is there training and appropriate monitoring of personnel who manage or regularly come into contact with hazardous materials? Are there procedures to follow in the use of Personal Protective Equipment and directions to get assistance?

General Safety Audit Question #10 contd

Are Material Safety Data Sheets reviewed with the employee, maintained in the work area and made available to the employee?


General Process
1. Recognize hazardous materials 2. Research and develop policies and procedures 3. Evaluate for effectiveness 4. Revise & re-implement, when needed

Hazardous material
Physical Health

Flammables Combustibles

Oxidizers Peroxides

Examples contd
Bio-hazardous materials Carcinogens

Ionizing radiation

Poisons & etiological agents

Compressed gases

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Devices and equipment that provides a barrier between an employee and a hazardous environment

Routes of exposure
Ingestion Inhalation Perenteral Cutaneous

1. Recognize
Identify ALL processes that utilize hazardous chemicals in the workplace
ALL locations ALL buildings

Maintenance operations
Chiller systems, boiler systems, paints, adhesives, lubricants, solvents, poisons, fuels

Manufacturing/Production operations
Dyes, inks, paints, compressed gases, fuels, etc

Scientific/Research operations
Laboratory chemicals, bio-hazardous materials, ionizing radiation sources

Custodial operations
Cleansers, bleach, waxes & polishes, disinfectants

2. Research/& Develop
Use MSDSs to research:
PPE requirements
Requires Haz-Com knowledge and implementation!!

Spill/release procedures

2. Research & Develop

Emergency procedures
Ex. Fire fighting

Control measures
Emergency equipment PPE

Usage Availability
Adequate type and class

Only use ANSI approved protection!!!

Individual basis

Prior to use

Maintenance & decontamination

Consult manufacturer for approved methods

PPE types

PPE types
Head protection
2 types 4 classes

Eye and face protection

Must meet ANSI 287.1-1968

PPE types contd

Ear protection Respiratory protection

PPE types contd

Torso protection

Foot and leg protection

PPE types contd

Arm and hand protection

PPE Classes

Class A
Highest level of respiratory, eye, and skin protection

Class B
Highest level of respiratory and eye protection Cutaneous and percutaneous exposure to small unprotected areas is not probable

Class C
Same as level B, but a lesser level of respiratory protection

Class D
Basic work uniform

2. Policies & Procedures

Develop and implement work procedures

MSDS should be readily available

Develop & implement PPE Policy
Should apply to ALL affected employees, vendors, and visitors!!

2. Policies & Procedures

Establish a procurement procedure Establish safe work practices

Procurement Policy & Procedure

Indicate responsibilities and procedures for:
Ordering Receiving Inventories

Identify procedure for requesting an order
Whos responsibility?
Name Phone Number Email address


Do NOT order if:

PPE is not available Adequate storage facility not available Cannot use all prior to the shelf-life

Do NOT order if:

1. PPE is not available 2. Adequate storage facility not available 3. Cannot use all prior to the shelf-life

Whos responsibility? Do NOT accept if:
Not properly labeled Package is not intact No MSDS

Each location

Indicate frequency Record-keeping requirements

Safe Work Practices

No smoking while handling Always wear proper PPE Always handle with care Avoid skin contact Wash hands prior to leaving work area

Safe Work Practices

Treat all unknown chemicals as hazardous materials Containers are NOT to be used for food preparation or consumption Use proper containment when transporting through work area

3. Evaluate
Routine inspections
Identify concerns

Quarterly or Monthly safety inspections State Fire Marshal inspections ORM audit inspection

4. Revise
Implement corrective action to correct identified concerns Examples
Revising policies/procedures Retraining employees Re-organizing the workplace Procuring supplies


Flashpoint Flammable Combustible


General Process
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Identify hazardous materials to be stored Communicate reportable quantities Research and plan Layout the storage area Establish procedures Implement necessary controls Evaluate (and revise as necessary)

1. Identify
All haz-mat to be stored
Include ALL locations

2. Communicate
Reportable quantities
Louisiana State Police
Tier II form

Local fire departments LEPC

Local Emergency Planning Committee One in each parish

3. Research
MSDS, Safety codes, Laws/standards, and/or Regulations Fire rating Proper signage Ventilation requirements Proximity/location

Specifications on storage units:

4. Layout
Assign storage spaces in accordance with compatibility requirements

5. Establish Procedures
Safety work practices
Upon receipt, move immediately to storage area Keep in original container Do NOT store near stairwell, elevator, or hallways Do NOT store near combustibles (ie. Paper/cardboard) Inspect routinely
During your monthly/quarterly inspection (be sure it is documented)

6. Implement
Follow your written procedures

7. Evaluate
Inspections (from the result of an inspection, you may need to revise a procedure, as necessary)


Hazardous waste

Different states:
Solid Semi-solid Liquid Contained gas

Different characteristics: - Ignitability - Corrosivity - Reactivity - Toxicity

Not all hazardous materials yield hazardous waste!!

Not all waste products are hazardous!!


1 HCl
Hydorchloric Acid

1 NaOH
Sodium Hydroxide

1 NaCL
Sodium Chloride (Table Salt)

1 H 2O




3 Categories
Conditionally exempt generators
No more than 100 Kg. per month

Small quantity generators

100 to 1000 Kg. per month

Large quantity generators

1000 Kg. or more per month

The Line Of Custody

Responsibility and liability for each party

Generator (Cradle)


Disposer (Grave)

Secondary Consumer

Secondary Transporter

General Process
1. Identify hazardous waste(s) and sources 2. Analyze & modify the work process 3. Research and plan 4. Establish procedures 5. Implement (and revise as needed)

1. Identify
Waste hazard codes
Ignitable waste Corrosive waste Reactive waste Toxicity Characteristic Waste Acute Hazardous Waste Toxic Waste Type I Type C Type R Type E Type H Type T

Hazardous waste numbers
Non-specific sources
F-Waste Table

Specific sources
K-Waste Table

Important for record-keeping, notification, and reporting!!!

Discarded commercial chemical products
Type H
P-Waste table

Type T, R, I, and C
U-Waste table

Important for record-keeping, notification, and reporting!!!

2. Analyze & Modify

Is there anyway to reduce the risk??
Replace with non-hazardous chemicals Minimize the amount of waste
Usable quantities System efficiency

3. Research & Plan

Whowill handle the waste?
Employees Contracted service

Whatis the risk comparison? Employees Contracted Service

Training Liability Equipment Man hours Partial liability

Research & Plan

Wherecan I research the contract vendors?
Office of Contractual Review website

Whenshould the waste be picked up?


Howcan I track the effluent waste?

4. Establish Procedures
Written in a clear & concise manner, and made available to all those who need it

4. Establish procedures
Policies & Procedures that employees are mandated to follow This should be stated in the overall HZ. Mat. Program Observations

5. Implement
Train employees on the procedure/s (and be sure to Document!)

Employee Safety

Identify Exposure
Employees are responsible for handling hazardous materials/waste
1. 2. 3. 4. Lab Technicians Printing Technicians Haz. Mat./Loss Prevention Officer Hospital Cleaning Crew

Medical Surveillance System

Pre-employment physical examinations Employee medical records Employee exposure records Periodic health examinations First aid systems

Pre-employment Exams
Determine the general health status
Determine ability/disability to perform work
If the prospective employee cannot meet the job requirements, his/her services is not needed!!!

Should assess relevant areas of the body

Ex: Ears, for exposure to noise levels above OSHA requirements

Employee Medical Records

Documentation of the health status of at risk employees
Made or maintained by physician, nurse, or other health care personnel

Separate Secure

Employee Medical Records

Should include:
Medical and employment questionnaires Results of medical exams Medical diagnoses, opinions, and physicians notes and recommendations Descriptions of treatments Prescriptions Employee medical complaints

Employee Medical Records

Should NOT include:
Blood and urine samples not needed for medical or legal requirements Records concerning health insurance and workers compensation claims (if maintained separately) Employee assistance program records (if maintained separately) Drug testing program records (if maintained separately)

Employee Exposure Records

Documentation of exposure to a toxic substance or a harmful physical agent via any route Harmful physical agents
Hazardous chemicals or biological agents

Physical stresses
Noise, heat, cold, vibration, repetitive motion, ionizing radiation, and non-ionizing radiation

Exposure & Medical Records

Retention time
Medical records: employment + 30 years Exposure records: at least 30 years

Open for employees, their designees, and OSHA

Periodic Health Exams

May be on a voluntary or required basis Required
For employees with exposure

Frequency depends on:

Quality of engineering controls Nature of the exposure Findings on each examination

Periodic Health Exams

Special examinations

Control communicable diseases Determine ability to return after NONoccupational illness or injury

First Aid Systems

Employer provisions
At least one person trained in First Aid if:
No medical personnel onsite Medical facility not within close proximity

Written plan for medical emergencies

Records retention
Employment + 30 years

See Handout


Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) (202) 693-1888

Louisiana State Police in Baton Rouge
Right-to-Know Unit
Phone: (225) 925-6113

LA. Office of the State Fire Marshal
Phone: 1-800-256-5452

LA. Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Phone: (225) 765-0219