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HAZARDOUS MATERIALS

SELF-TEST
1. What are the two major groups of Hazardous Materials? 2. What are the steps that comprise the process of Hazardous Materials handling? 3. What is a MSDS sheet? 4. How should Hazardous Chemicals be stored? 5. What is PPE?

GOAL
Minimize/prevent claims of personal injury, liability, and property damage associated with the improper handling, storage, and/or disposal of hazardous materials

OBJECTIVES
Understand how to recognize hazardous materials in the workplace Understand the processes of how to develop and manage the safe and proper handling, storage, and disposal of hazardous materials Understand how to minimize the risk of handling, storing, and disposing of hazardous materials Understand the components necessary to comply with the Loss Prevention audit questions

Regulations
& Requirements

Federal Regulations
29 CFR 1910 Workplace Safety (OSHA)

40 CFR Environment (EPA)


49 CFR Transportation (DOT)

Generator

Transporter

Disposer

Secondary Consumer

Secondary Transporter

General Safety Audit Question #10


A. Is there a written hazardous materials program including policies and procedures for handling, storing and using hazardous materials from receipt through final disposal? B. Are there any hazardous materials present? If so:

General Safety Audit Question #10 contd


Is there training and appropriate monitoring of personnel who manage or regularly come into contact with hazardous materials? Are there procedures to follow in the use of Personal Protective Equipment and directions to get assistance?

General Safety Audit Question #10 contd


Are Material Safety Data Sheets reviewed with the employee, maintained in the work area and made available to the employee?

HAZ-MAT HANDLING

General Process
1. Recognize hazardous materials 2. Research and develop policies and procedures 3. Evaluate for effectiveness 4. Revise & re-implement, when needed

DEFINITIONS
Hazardous material
Physical Health

Examples
Corrosives
Flammables Combustibles

Explosives
Oxidizers Peroxides

Examples contd
Bio-hazardous materials Carcinogens

Ionizing radiation

Poisons & etiological agents

Compressed gases

DEFINITIONS
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Devices and equipment that provides a barrier between an employee and a hazardous environment

Routes of exposure
Ingestion Inhalation Perenteral Cutaneous

1. Recognize
Identify ALL processes that utilize hazardous chemicals in the workplace
ALL locations ALL buildings

Examples
Maintenance operations
Chiller systems, boiler systems, paints, adhesives, lubricants, solvents, poisons, fuels

Manufacturing/Production operations
Dyes, inks, paints, compressed gases, fuels, etc

Examples
Scientific/Research operations
Laboratory chemicals, bio-hazardous materials, ionizing radiation sources

Custodial operations
Cleansers, bleach, waxes & polishes, disinfectants

2. Research/& Develop
Use MSDSs to research:
PPE requirements
Requires Haz-Com knowledge and implementation!!

Spill/release procedures

2. Research & Develop


Emergency procedures
Ex. Fire fighting

Control measures
Emergency equipment PPE

PPE
Usage Availability
Selection
Adequate type and class

Only use ANSI approved protection!!!

PPE
Fit
Individual basis

Inspection
Prior to use

Maintenance & decontamination


Consult manufacturer for approved methods

PPE types

PPE types
Head protection
2 types 4 classes

Eye and face protection


Must meet ANSI 287.1-1968

PPE types contd


Ear protection Respiratory protection

PPE types contd


Torso protection

Foot and leg protection

PPE types contd


Arm and hand protection

PPE Classes

Class A
Highest level of respiratory, eye, and skin protection

Class B
Highest level of respiratory and eye protection Cutaneous and percutaneous exposure to small unprotected areas is not probable

Class C
Same as level B, but a lesser level of respiratory protection

Class D
Basic work uniform

2. Policies & Procedures


Develop and implement work procedures

MSDS should be readily available


Develop & implement PPE Policy
Should apply to ALL affected employees, vendors, and visitors!!

2. Policies & Procedures


Establish a procurement procedure Establish safe work practices

Procurement Policy & Procedure


Indicate responsibilities and procedures for:
Ordering Receiving Inventories

Ordering
Identify procedure for requesting an order
Whos responsibility?
Name Phone Number Email address

Form??

Do NOT order if:


PPE is not available Adequate storage facility not available Cannot use all prior to the shelf-life

Do NOT order if:


1. PPE is not available 2. Adequate storage facility not available 3. Cannot use all prior to the shelf-life

Receiving
Whos responsibility? Do NOT accept if:
Not properly labeled Package is not intact No MSDS

Inventory
Each location

Indicate frequency Record-keeping requirements

Safe Work Practices


No smoking while handling Always wear proper PPE Always handle with care Avoid skin contact Wash hands prior to leaving work area

Safe Work Practices


Treat all unknown chemicals as hazardous materials Containers are NOT to be used for food preparation or consumption Use proper containment when transporting through work area

3. Evaluate
Routine inspections
Identify concerns

Examples
Quarterly or Monthly safety inspections State Fire Marshal inspections ORM audit inspection

4. Revise
Implement corrective action to correct identified concerns Examples
Revising policies/procedures Retraining employees Re-organizing the workplace Procuring supplies

HAZ-MAT STORAGE

DEFINITIONS
Flashpoint Flammable Combustible

Oxidizer
Incompatability

General Process
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Identify hazardous materials to be stored Communicate reportable quantities Research and plan Layout the storage area Establish procedures Implement necessary controls Evaluate (and revise as necessary)

1. Identify
All haz-mat to be stored
Include ALL locations

2. Communicate
Reportable quantities
Louisiana State Police
Tier II form

Local fire departments LEPC


Local Emergency Planning Committee One in each parish

3. Research
Review:
MSDS, Safety codes, Laws/standards, and/or Regulations Fire rating Proper signage Ventilation requirements Proximity/location

Specifications on storage units:

4. Layout
Assign storage spaces in accordance with compatibility requirements

5. Establish Procedures
Safety work practices
Upon receipt, move immediately to storage area Keep in original container Do NOT store near stairwell, elevator, or hallways Do NOT store near combustibles (ie. Paper/cardboard) Inspect routinely
During your monthly/quarterly inspection (be sure it is documented)

6. Implement
Follow your written procedures

7. Evaluate
Inspections (from the result of an inspection, you may need to revise a procedure, as necessary)

HAZ-MAT DISPOSAL

DEFINITIONS
Hazardous waste
Definition

Different states:
Solid Semi-solid Liquid Contained gas

Different characteristics: - Ignitability - Corrosivity - Reactivity - Toxicity

Not all hazardous materials yield hazardous waste!!

Not all waste products are hazardous!!

Example

1 HCl
Hydorchloric Acid

1 NaOH
Sodium Hydroxide

1 NaCL
Sodium Chloride (Table Salt)

1 H 2O
Water

Reactants

Products

DEFINITIONS
Generator
Definition

3 Categories
Conditionally exempt generators
No more than 100 Kg. per month

Small quantity generators


100 to 1000 Kg. per month

Large quantity generators


1000 Kg. or more per month

The Line Of Custody


Cradle-to-grave
Responsibility and liability for each party

Generator (Cradle)

Transporter

Disposer (Grave)

Secondary Consumer

Secondary Transporter

General Process
1. Identify hazardous waste(s) and sources 2. Analyze & modify the work process 3. Research and plan 4. Establish procedures 5. Implement (and revise as needed)

1. Identify
Waste hazard codes
Ignitable waste Corrosive waste Reactive waste Toxicity Characteristic Waste Acute Hazardous Waste Toxic Waste Type I Type C Type R Type E Type H Type T

Identify
Hazardous waste numbers
Non-specific sources
F-Waste Table

Specific sources
K-Waste Table

Important for record-keeping, notification, and reporting!!!

Identify
Discarded commercial chemical products
Type H
P-Waste table

Type T, R, I, and C
U-Waste table

Important for record-keeping, notification, and reporting!!!

2. Analyze & Modify


Is there anyway to reduce the risk??
Replace with non-hazardous chemicals Minimize the amount of waste
Usable quantities System efficiency

3. Research & Plan


Whowill handle the waste?
Employees Contracted service

Whatis the risk comparison? Employees Contracted Service


Training Liability Equipment Man hours Partial liability

Research & Plan


Wherecan I research the contract vendors?
Office of Contractual Review website http://www.state.la.us/ocr/pql2.htm

Whenshould the waste be picked up?


Frequency

Howcan I track the effluent waste?

4. Establish Procedures
Written in a clear & concise manner, and made available to all those who need it

4. Establish procedures
Policies & Procedures that employees are mandated to follow This should be stated in the overall HZ. Mat. Program Observations

5. Implement
Train employees on the procedure/s (and be sure to Document!)

Employee Safety

Identify Exposure
Employees are responsible for handling hazardous materials/waste
1. 2. 3. 4. Lab Technicians Printing Technicians Haz. Mat./Loss Prevention Officer Hospital Cleaning Crew

Medical Surveillance System


Pre-employment physical examinations Employee medical records Employee exposure records Periodic health examinations First aid systems

Pre-employment Exams
Determine the general health status
Determine ability/disability to perform work
If the prospective employee cannot meet the job requirements, his/her services is not needed!!!

Should assess relevant areas of the body


Ex: Ears, for exposure to noise levels above OSHA requirements

Employee Medical Records


Documentation of the health status of at risk employees
Made or maintained by physician, nurse, or other health care personnel

Confidentiality
Separate Secure

Employee Medical Records


Should include:
Medical and employment questionnaires Results of medical exams Medical diagnoses, opinions, and physicians notes and recommendations Descriptions of treatments Prescriptions Employee medical complaints

Employee Medical Records


Should NOT include:
Blood and urine samples not needed for medical or legal requirements Records concerning health insurance and workers compensation claims (if maintained separately) Employee assistance program records (if maintained separately) Drug testing program records (if maintained separately)

Employee Exposure Records


Documentation of exposure to a toxic substance or a harmful physical agent via any route Harmful physical agents
Hazardous chemicals or biological agents

Physical stresses
Noise, heat, cold, vibration, repetitive motion, ionizing radiation, and non-ionizing radiation

Exposure & Medical Records


Retention time
Medical records: employment + 30 years Exposure records: at least 30 years

Access
Open for employees, their designees, and OSHA

Periodic Health Exams


May be on a voluntary or required basis Required
For employees with exposure

Frequency depends on:


Quality of engineering controls Nature of the exposure Findings on each examination

Periodic Health Exams


Special examinations
Return-to-work

Purpose
Control communicable diseases Determine ability to return after NONoccupational illness or injury

First Aid Systems


Employer provisions
At least one person trained in First Aid if:
No medical personnel onsite Medical facility not within close proximity

Written plan for medical emergencies

Records retention
Employment + 30 years

POST-TEST
See Handout

REFERENCES

REFERENCES
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

www.epa.gov

REFERENCES
Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) (202) 693-1888

www.osha.gov

REFERENCES
Louisiana State Police in Baton Rouge
Right-to-Know Unit
Phone: (225) 925-6113

www.lsp.org/rtk.html

REFERENCES
LA. Office of the State Fire Marshal
Phone: 1-800-256-5452

www.dps.state.la.us/sfm/index.htm

REFERENCES
LA. Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Phone: (225) 765-0219

www.deq.state.la.us