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Graphics is a photograph or other visual Representation

Visual communication
Illustration

Drawing Art publication

There are two kinds of computer graphics - raster (composed of pixels) and vector (composed of paths). Raster images are more commonly called bitmap images .

Bit-Mapping

Vector Graphics

Popular bitmap editing programs Microsoft Paint Adobe Photoshop Corel Paint Shop Pro Corel Photo Paint Ulead Photo Impact

Advantage
Can have different textures on the drawings; detailed and comprehensive.

Disadvantage
Large file size Graphics become "blocky" when the size is increased

GIF ( Graphic Interchange Format)


JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) PNG (Portable Network Graphics) TIFF ( Tagged Image File Format) provides the highest quality but large file sizes

File Types and Formats

GIF - Graphics Interchange Format (.gif)


Used extensively on the web Supports only 256 colours (8 bit) Can show transparency and animation

JPEG - Joint Picture Experts Group (.jpg)


Used extensively on the web Supports true colour (24 bit) Cannot show transparency or animation

Vector graphics use a different type of software that allows continuous lines and smooth curves to be drawn between points on the screen. Vector graphics are based on mathematically determined points, lines and curves, rather than a grid of pixels. 3. Adobe Illustrator

Packages that allow to create vector graphics include :


1. Macromedia Flash MX 2. Macromedia Freehand MX

Advantage
Small file size Maintain quality as the size of the graphics is increased Easy to edit the drawings as each object is independent of the other.

Disadvantage
Objects/drawings cannot have texture; it can only have plain colors or gradients ; limited level of detail that can be presented in an image.

Small file size

Large file size Graphics become "blocky" when the size is increased Not easy to make modification to drawings

Maintain quality as the size of the graphics is increased


Easy to edit the drawings as each object is independent of the other. Created by Adobe Illustrator, Macromedia Freehand Example of file format: ai,wmf.

Created by Adobe Photoshop, Paint Shop Pro and Paint program


Example of file format: jpeg, gif, bmp, png.

Vector graphic

Bitmap images

Color depth

2 1 bit = _____ color

16 4 bit = _____ color

256 8 bit = _____ color

16.7 million 24 bit = ___________ color

800

A black and white monitor has one bit per pixel. The bit has two possible states: on and off When it is on, the pixel looks white. When it is off, the pixel looks black

A type of software that enable user to create highly stylish images For slide show and report. The software include function for creating various types of charts , graphs and including text in a variety of fonts.

Spread sheet are frequently used for financial information because of their ability to re-calculate the entire sheet automatically.

Pie Chart Bar Graphs Line Graphs Area Graphs Symbol Graphs

A circle is divided into sector. The circle represent the total value of the sector are proportional to each value within the total.

Bar graph are used for comparing two or more values that were on different conditions, usually on small data sets.

A special type of line graph is known as xy graph. In which both horizontal and vertical scale continuous measurement.

Volume can be shown in an area graph, where the space beneath single line graph is shaded.

Choose an appropriate type of graphic to represent the data. Avoid showing too much information on one graph. Be sure the lower values are not hidden behind higher value in 3D graphs. Have clear labels and legends for all graphs. Use color or shading to distinguish among elements in a graph.

Image Text Multimedia is defined as a Computer based Interactive Communication process that incorporates text, numeric data, record based data, graphic art, video and audio elements, animation etc. It is used for describing sophisticated systems that support moving images and audio. E.g. Personal Computer. Audio

Video

Speech

Multimedia Equipment

Sound card CD-ROM and DVDDrive Speaker Video display Video capture card Digital cameras

VISUAL DATA
DATA USED IN PRESENTATON AND GRAPHICES. THEY USE DEVELOPMENT OF MOVIES.

TYPES OF VISUAL DATA 1 FRAME SELECTION 2 SPEED CONTROL 3 COLOR AND CONTRAST CONTROL 4 OBJECT INTEGRATON 5 MORPHING 6 IMAGE EXPORTING

AUDIO DATA
A MOVIE SOUNDTRACK AND RECORDING OF THE BAND MUSICE. AUDIO DATA ALSO INCLOUDE VOICES AND SOUND AFDFECT. TYPES OF AUDIO AFFECT 1 MEASURE SELECTION 2 CHANNEL SEPRATION 3 PLAY BACK CONTROL

Youre right!

Step 1: Dictate Step 2: Convert analog to digital

GRAPHICES AND MULTIMEDIA APPLICANTES


SOME GRAPHICES AND MUTIMEDIA APPLICATONS PUERLY ART. ENGINERS AND ARCHITECTS USE GRAPHICES APPLISATIONS.

COMPUTER IMAGING
MEDICAL RESARCHER USE THE COMUTER IMAGNG. PICTURE AIDING MISING CHILDREN ADGE. LAWYER AND ARTIST USE.

ATHLETICES AND PREFORMING ART


COACHES ANALYZE ATHLETES PERFORMANCE. CACHES SAW DANCER MOVEMENT. ENGINER USE THE GRAPHICES.

MIDI
MUSICIAN USE THE SOUND CREAT BY THE MUSICAL INSTRUMENT. MUSCE COMPOSITON USE.

SPACE EXPOLARATION
COMPUTER CONTROL SPACE PROBES. THE SENT IMAGES TO SPACE.

Animation
Animation is a simulation of movement created by displaying a series of images (illustration) in form of frames.
ANIMATIONIS THE SEQUENCING OF SINGLE DRAWING .SS COMPUTER ANIMATADE GRAPHICES VIDEO IMAGES CREATED

Example : Animation

Example of images in series of frames