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FLUOR - New Delhi

Control systems engineering

FLOW INSTRUMENTS (Part-1)

By Harendra Mistry

OBJECTIVE: In-line Flow Instruments over view


OBJECTIVE

Industrial Codes, standards & Practices Fluor Standard practices

WHAT IS FLOW

INSTRUMENT?

It is a Measuring Device (fluid flow) installed in piping systems to assist in the monitoring/ control of process.

TYPES of FLOW INSTRUMENT


Orifice Plate Flow Nozzle Venturi Tube Annubar (Pitot Tube)

Head Meters

Velocity Meters

Magnetic Flow Meter Vortex Flow Meter Ultrasonic Flow Meter

Flow Instruments
Variable Area Meter Rotameter

Mass Meters

Coriolis Flow Meters Thermal Flow Meter Positive Displacement Meter Turbine Flow Meter
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Mechanical Meters

ORIFICE PLATE
Upstream
FLOW

Downstream

FE

P&ID SYMBOL

FLOW NOZZLE
FE

P&ID SYMBOL

VENTURI TUBES
FE

P&ID SYMBOL

ANNUBAR (PITOT TUBE)


FE

P&ID SYMBOL

ROTAMETER
FI

P&ID SYMBOL

MAGNETIC FLOW METER


FE

P&ID SYMBOL

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VORTEX FLOW METER


FE

P&ID SYMBOL

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ULTRASONIC FLOW METER


Doppler Shift

FE

P&ID SYMBOL
Transit Time

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ULTRASONIC FLOW METER

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CORIOLIS METER
FT FE C

P&ID SYMBOL

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THERMAL METER
FT FE

P&ID SYMBOL

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POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT METER


Oval Gear Rotating Lobe Rotating Impeller

FQI

P&ID SYMBOL

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TURBINE FLOW METER


FE

P&ID SYMBOL
Inductance pick-up Reluctance pick-up

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Industry Codes and Standards


American Gas Association (AGA)
AGA-7 - Measurement of Gas by Turbine Meters

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)


ANSI-2530/API-14.3/AGA-3/GPA-8185 Natural Gas Fluids Measurement - Concentric, Square-Edged Orifice Meters Part 1 General Equations and Uncertainty Guidelines Part 2 Specification and Installation Requirements Part 3 Natural Gas Applications Part 4 Background, Development, Implementation Procedures and Subroutine Documentation

American Petroleum Institute (API)


API Manual Of Petroleum Measurement Standards (MPMS): Chapter 5 - Metering 5.2 Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons by Displacement Meters 5.3 Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons by Turbine Meters

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)


ASME B16.36 - Orifice Flanges ASME MFC-3M - Measurement of Fluid Flow in Pipes Using Orifice, Nozzle, and Venturi

ISA, The Instrumentation, Systems, and Automation Society


ISA S20 - Specification Forms for Process Measurement and Control Instruments, Primary Elements and Control Valves

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)


ISO 5167-1 - Measurement of Fluid Flow by Means of Pressure Differential Devices

Other References
Miller, R.W., Flow Measurement Engineering Handbook
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FLUOR PRACTICES
DESIGN RESPONSIBILITIES
PRACTICE No. 000.270.1301 : Flow Instruments
This practice establishes and defines guidelines for the use and selection of flow instruments

PRACTICE No. 000.270.1351 : Head Type flow meters


This practice establishes application guideline, sizing criteria, and method to be utilized in developing specification for head type flow elements

PRACTICE No. 000 250 2710 : Meter Runs - Orifice, Flow Nozzles, and Venturies
This practice is used for determining minimum straight pipe runs needed for various meter run installation

PRACTICE No. 000 250 2711 : Instrument Piping - Orifice Flange Tap Piping

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FLOW INSTRUMENTS

Questions?

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