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Strategic Intent

Sonam Bansal Sonam Vij Ritabh Mahajan Ankur sood Kuldeep Tiwari

Definition of Strategic Intent


-Sense of Direction -Sense of Discovery -Sense of Destiny

Characteristics of Strategic Intent


-It captures the essence of winning. e.g.- Coca- Cola strategic intent has been to put a Coke within arms reach of every consumer in the world. -It is stable over time. It provides consistency to short term action, while leaving room for reinterpretation as new opportunities emerge.

e.g. Komatsu included a succession of medium term programs to beat Caterpillar


Improving Quality Driving down costs

Cultivating export market

New product development

Which is more attractive?

Let blue collar employees be given the responsibility to create more shareholder wealth

OR Give them the challenge to Beat Benz ???

It sets a target that deserves personal effort and commitment.

Strategic Planning and Strategic Intent


The planning process acts as feasibility sieve The goal of Strategic intent is to fold the future back into the present Its is not about How will next year be different from this year? But What must we do differently next year ? While strategic intent is clear about ends, it is flexible as to means-it leaves room for improvisation

Building Challenge
Strategic intent implies a sizeable stretch for an organization. Current capabilities and resources will not suffice This forces the organization to be more inventive, to make most of limited resources.

Contd.

Traditional view of strategy focuses on the degree of fit between existing resources and current opportunities, strategic intent creates an extreme misfit between resources and ambitions.

Corporate Challenges
Like strategic intent, challenges stretch the organization. E.g. canon set its engineers a target price of $1000 for a home copier Corporate challenges include analyzing competitor and understanding the foreseeable pattern of industry evolution.

Effectiveness of Corporate challenges

Create a sense of urgency(E.g. Komatsu budgeted on the basis of worst case exchange rate that overvalued yen) Develop a competitor focus at every level through widespread use of competitive intelligence.(E.g. Ford showed production line workers videotapes of operations at Mazdas most efficient plant)

Provide employees with the skills


Give the organization time to digest one challenge before launching another.

Establish clear milestones and review mechanisms Building reciprocal responsibility

Four Approaches to competitive innovation


Building layers of advantage: -wider a companys portfolio of advantages, lesser the risk. Searching for loose bricks: it means looking for the competitors blind spot. Changing the terms of engagement Competing through collaboration: through licensing, outsourcing, joint ventures.

Remaking Strategy
Western managers centers on the problem of maintaining strategic fit The other centers on the problem of leveraging resources.

Similarity Differences

Both models recognize the problem of competing with limited resources The relative competitive advantage determines relative profitability

Trimming ambitions to match available resources

Leverage resources to reach unattainable goals

Search advantages that are inherently sustainable

Accelerate organisational learning to outpace competitors to build new advantages


Produces a quest for new rules to devalue the incumbents advantages Reduce competitive risk by ensuring a well balanced and broad portfolio of advantages

Difficulties of competing against larger competitors

Search for niches/dissuades the company from challenging an entrenched competitor Reduce financial risk by building a balanced portfolio of cash-generating and cashconsuming business

Balance in the scope of an organisation reduces risk

Strategy is not limited to the eight rules of excellence, seven Ss , five competitive forces , four life-cycle stages and innumerable two-by two matrix. Concepts like the product life cycle, experience curve, product portfolio and generic strategies have toxic side effects: -they reduce the no. of strategic options management is willing to consider -they create a preference for selling business rather than defending them

They yield predictable strategies that rivals easily decode. The strategists goal is not to find a niche within existing industry space but to create new space that is uniquely suited to companys own strength. Japanese companies have won not because they have smarter managers but because they have developed ways to harness the wisdom of anthill.

The challenge of top management


Develop faith in organization's ability to deliver on tough goals Motivate every employee Focus and internalize new capabilities