Sie sind auf Seite 1von 20

The Japanese Government in the Philippines

Japanese Military Administration Philippine Executive Commission 1943 Constitution Japanese-Sponsored Republic

Japanese Military Administration

Japanese Military Administration


Established on January 3, 1942 Used to administer the political, economic and cultural affairs of the country Headed by a director general The first director general was General Yoshihide Hayashi and the second one was Takasi Wachi. It received orders from Tokyo.

Japanese Military Administration


The orders from Tokyo were to be implemented in the Philippines. Areas occupied by the Japanese were to be put under martial law. Curfews and blackouts were implemented in Manila. Guns and firearms of civilians were confiscated.

Japanese Military Administration


Any violent action against Japan had its corresponding penalty. Ten Filipino lives were to be taken in exchange for one Japanese killed by a Filipino. Radio communication was monitored in such a way that no message would be received from Australia. All establishments were placed under the control of the Japanese Military Administration

Philippine Executive Commission

Philippine Executive Commission


Japan planned to organize a puppet government consisting of Filipinos to implement its policies. Jorge B. Vargas was tasked to form a civilian government . He cannot do anything but follw Japans orders. On January 23, 1942, Vargas and his companions sent a Letter of Response to the Japanese government.

Philippine Executive Commission


They declared that they were ready to follow Japan in order to keep peace and order and to promote the welfare of the people. Because of that, the Philippine Executive Commission was soon organized.

Philippine Executive Commission


President Jorge B. Vargas Commissioner of Interior Benigno Aquino Sr. Finance Commissioner Antonio delas Alas Commissioner of Agriculture and Commerce Rafael Alunan Justice Commissioner Jose P. Laurel Commissioner of Education, Health and Public Welfare Claro M. Recto

Philippine Executive Commission


Commissioner on Labor and Communication Quintin Paredes Chief Minister of the Supreme Court Jose Yulo General Auditor and Budget Director Teofilo Sison

Benigno Aquino Sr.

Jose P. Laurel Jorge B. Vargas

Claro M. Recto

Quintin Paredes

Philippine Executive Commission


There was a Japanese adviser and an assistant Japanese adviser for each department. The Philippine Council of State was made up of 32 persons who signed the letter of response and other members who are appointed by the Japanese Administration. It was supposedly made to make the Filipinos believe that the Commission was for the Filipinos but Recto said that it functioned the way the Japanese wanted.

1943 Constitution

1943 Constitution
Composed of a preamble and 12 articles Written in both Tagalog and English It was like the 1935 Constitution but had amendments that would respond to the call of times and for the satisfaction of Japan. Composed of the executive, legislative and judiciary branch Implemented only during times of war

1943 Constitution
After the war, a new constitution will be drafted. There was no provision for the Office of the Vice President in the 1943 Constitution. It gave more importance to the duties of the Filipinos rather than their freedom and rights. Tagalog was declared the national language.

Japanese-Sponsored Republic

Japanese-Sponsored Republic
After the ratification of the constitution, a group called Kapisanan sa Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas (KALIBAPI) prepared the way for the establishment of the Republic. Members of the National Assembly were elected. Half of the total members of the assembly were mayors and governors. The National Assembly was inaugurated on September 23, 1943.

Japanese-Sponsored Republic
The republic was inaugurated on October 14, 1943 in front of the Legislative Building in Manila. It was a puppet government because Japan manipulated Filipino government officials to make the laws fit their satisfaction.

!!!

Group 6 Bataan
Leader Dieter Dy Members Dieter Dy Matthew Araneta Xavier Dela Cruz Justin Young Shaun Chan